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Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 
Senior  Editor 

Brian  C.  Shipley 
Theresa  M.  Collins 
Linda  E.  Endersby 

David  A.  Ranzan 
Indexing  Editor 

Janette  Pardo 
Richard  Mizelle 
Peter  Mikulas 

Paul  B.  Israel 

Director  and  General  Editor 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey 
National  Park  Service,  Edison  National  Historic  Site 
New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 

A  UPA  Collection  from 

i fjf  LexisNexis- 

7500  Old  Georgetown  Road  •  Bcthcsda,  MD  20814-6126 

v-Edison  Company 

Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey 
endorsed  by 

National  Historical  Publications  and  Records  Commission 
18  June  1981 

Copyright  ©  2007  by  Rutgers,  The  State  University 

hkkcsss issaasssssssssa.- 

Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey,  New  Brunswick,  New  Jersey. 

The  original  documents  in  this  edition  are  from  the  archives  at  the  Edison  National 
Historic  Site  at  West  Orange,  New  Jersey. 

ISBN  978-0-88692-887-2 


Director  and  General  Editor 

Paul  Israel 

Senior  Editor 
Thomas  Jeffrey 

Associate  Editors 
Louis  Carlat 
Theresa  Collins 

Assistant  Editor 

David  Hochfelder 

Indexing  Editor 

David  Ranzan 

Consulting  Editor 

Linda  Endersby 

Visiting  Editor 
Amy  Flanders 

Editorial  Assistants 

Alexandra  Rimer 
Kelly  Enright 
Eric  Barry 

Outreach  and  Development 
(Edison  Across  the  Curriculum) 

Theresa  Collins 

Business  Manager 

Rachel  Weissenburger 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey  National  Park  Service 

Richard  L.  McCormick  Maryanne  Gerbauckas 

Ziva  Galili  Michelle  Ortwein 

Ann  Fabian 

Paul  Clemens  Smithsonian  Institution 

Harold  Wallace 

New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
Marc  Mappen 


Robert  Friedel,  University  of  Maryland 
Louis  Galambos,  Johns  Hopkins  University 
Susan  Hockey,  Oxford  University 
Thomas  P.  Hughes,  University  of  Pennsylvania 
Ronald  Kline,  Cornell  University 
Robert  Rosenberg,  John  Wiley  &  Sons 
Marc  Rothenberg,  Joseph  Henry  Papers,  Smithsonian  Institution 
Philip  Scranton,  Rutgers  University/Hagley  Museum 
Merritt  Roe  Smith,  Massachusetts  Institute  of  Technology 


We  thankfully  acknowledge  the  vision  and  support  of  Rutgers  University  and  the 
Thomas  A.  Edison  Papers  Board  of  Sponsors. 

This  edition  was  made  possible  by  grant  funds  provided  from  the  New  Jersey  Historical 
Commission,  National  Historical  Publications  and  Records  Commission,  and  The  National 
Endowment  for  the  Humanities.  Major  underwriting  has  been  provided  by  the  Barkley  Fund, 
through  the  National  Trust  for  the  Humanities,  and  by  The  Charles  Edison  Foundation. 

We  are  grateful  for  the  generous  support  of  the  IEEE  Foundation,  the  Hyde  &  Watson 
Foundation,  the  Martinson  Family  Foundation,  and  the  OE  Foundation.  We  acknowledge  gifts 
from  many  other  individuals,  as  well  as  an  anonymous  donor;  the  Association  of  Edison 
Illuminating  Companies;  and  the  Edison  Electric  Institute.  For  the  assistance  of  all  these 
organizations  and  individuals,  as  well  as  for  the  indispensable  aid  of  archivists,  librarians, 
scholars,  and  collectors,  the  editors  are  most  grateful. 

A  Note  on  the  Sources 
The  pages  which  have  been 
filmed  are  the  best  copies 
available.  Every  technical 
effort  possible  has  been 
made  to  ensure  legibility. 


Reel  duplication  of  the  whole  or  of 
any  part  of  this  film  is  prohibited. 
In  lieu  of  transcripts,  however, 
enlarged  photocopies  of  selected 
items  contained  on  these  reels 
may  be  made  in  order  to  facilitate 

Edison  General  File  Series 

The  Edison  General  File  (EGF),  formerly  called  the  Document  File,  is 
primarily  a  collection  of  incoming  letters  addressed  to  Edison.  The  letters 
frequently  contain  notations  by  Edison  or  his  secretaries  indicating  the  nature 
of  the  reply.  Drafts  and  copies  of  outgoing  letters  can  also  be  found  in  this  file, 
along  with  numerous  interoffice  communications  and  a  variety  of  other 
documents,  such  as  memoranda,  reports,  and  agreements  The  subjects 
covered  include  the  complete  range  of  Edison's  businesses  and  technologies 
as  well  as  his  personal  affairs,  reminiscences,  and  opinions  on  contemporary 

Edison's  correspondence  files  were  maintained  by  his  personal 
assistant,  William  H.  Meadowcroft,  who  screened  the  incoming  mail,  decided 
which  items  merited  Edison’s  attention,  and  directed  the  remainderfor  routine 
or  form  replies.  Most  of  the  outgoing  correspondence  bearing  Edison  s 
siqnature  was  drafted  by  Meadowcroft  on  the  basis  of  the  inventors  marginal 
comments  on  the  original  letter.  Numerous  additional  letters  were  signed  by 
Meadowcroft  himself  in  his  capacity  as  "Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison.  More  routine 
letters  that  were  merely  signed  "Edison  Laboratory"  may  have  been 
composed  by  Meadowcroft'sown  assistants,  including  Rudolph  L.  Tulloch  and 
Henrv  A.  Altengarten.  Until  1916,  tissue  copies  of  the  outgoing  letters  were 
bound  together  in  volumes  (see  the  Letterbook  Series).  However,  th|S  practice 
diminished  in  1917  and  was  apparently  abandoned  altogether  by  1919,  as 
carbon  copies  of  the  outgoing  replies  were  increasingly  filed  with  the  incoming 
letters  in  the  EGF. 

Although  Edison  remained  at  the  head  of  his  many  businesses,  a 

number  of  which  were  brought  together  under  the  name  of  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Inc.  (TAE  Inc.)  in  1911,  oversight  of  daily  operations  was  delegated  to 
divisional  managers.  The  business  correspondence  found  in  the  EGF  most 
typically  includes  internal  strategic  discussions  with  senior  officials,  items  sent 
to  Edison  for  approval,  and  cases  in  which  he  was  asked  to  intervene 
personally  to  make  special  arrangements  for  a  friend,  relative,  or  associate. 
The  Edison  company  officials  represented  in  the  correspondence  over  the 
years  1911-1919  include  attorney  Frank  L.  Dyer,  who  served  as  president  of 
TAE  Inc.  until  1912;  Carl  H.  Wilson,  vice  president  and  general  manager; 
financial  executive  Stephen  B.  Mambert;  Delos  Holden  and  Henry  Lanahan 
of  the  Legal  Dept.;  Harry  F.  Miller  and  Richard  W.  Kellow,  who  handled 
Edison's  personal  business  interests;  Robert  A.  Bachman  of f the  Edison 
Storage  Battery  Co.;  Walter  S.  Mallory  of  the  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co., 

William  Maxwell  of  the  Phonograph  Division;  Miller  Reese  Hutchison,  Edison's 
chief  engineer  and  personal  representative  for  most  of  this  period;  and 
Charles  Edison,  who  was  groomed  to  take  overfrom  his  father  toward  the  end 
of  the  decade. 

In  addition  to  Edison's  personal  and  business  correspondence,  the  EGF 
contains  a  voluminous  quantity  of  unsolicited  mail  that  the  inventor  received 
from  members  of  the  public  on  topics  such  as  politics,  war,  the  economy, 
cigarettes,  diet,  and  religion  and  spiritualism.  Other  unsolicited  letters  consist 
of  requests  for  advice  (and  often  financial  assistance),  invitations  to  join  clubs 
and  societies  or  to  give  lectures,  offers  to  purchase  real  estate,  and  inquiries 
from  those  seeking  employment.  Such  items  have  been  selected  only  where 
Edison  was  personally  involved  in  the  correspondence.  Meadowcroft  made 
extensive  use  of  form  letters  in  responding  to  these  inquiries  and  requests, 
and  a  representative  sample  of  these  form-letter  replies  has  been  selected. 

The  documents  in  the  EGF  are  arranged  by  year  and  are  subdivided 
within  each  year  according  to  broad  subject  categories.  Many  of  the  subjects 
relate  to  Edison's  technologies  and  their  associated  businesses,  such  as 
cement,  motion  pictures,  storage  batteries,  and  phonograph.  Major  themes 
in  the  years  up  to  1915  include  corporate  reorganization,  the  introduction  of 
the  disc  phonograph,  and  early  demonstrations  of  the  kinetophone,  or  talking 
motion  picture.  After  the  outbreak  of  World  War  I,  Edison's  attention  shifted 
sharply,  and  there  are  large  quantities  of  documents  pertaining  to  his  rapid 
production  of  coal-derived  organic  chemicals  for  military  and  industrial 
purposes,  his  role  as  president  of  the  Naval  Consulting  Board,  and  his 
experiments  on  submarine  detection  and  other  war-related  problems  for  the 
U.S.  Navy. 

Other  folders  contain  documents  relating  to  Edison’s  ongoing  interests, 
from  book  and  journal  orders  to  mining  and  minerals.  There  are  also  folders 
with  correspondence  on  legal,  financial,  and  patent  matters.  Documents 
pertaining  to  Edison  personally,  including  his  homes,  friends,  and  relatives, 
can  be  found  in  "Edison,  T.  A.,"  "Family,"  "Fort  Myers,"  "Glenmont," 
"Personal,"  and  "Visitors,"  as  well  as  in  more  specific  folders  such  as  "Ford, 
Henry"  and  "Camping  Trip." 

Approximately  20  percent  of  the  documents,  including  all  items  bearing 
substantive  notations  by  Edison,  have  been  selected.  More  specific  selection 
statements  can  be  found  in  the  editorial  descriptions  preceding  each  folder. 

A  Note  on  the  Organization  of  the  EGFand  Related  Record  Groups 

The  EGF  (191 1-1931)  is  a  direct  continuation  of  the  Document  File  that 
covered  the  years  through  1910.  Like  the  Document  File,  the  EGF  is  derived 
from  the  correspondence  records  as  they  were  originally  maintained  by 
Edison's  secretaries.  However,  there  are  significant  differences  in  the 
nomenclature  and  contents  of  the  folders  in  the  two  record  groups. 

The  Document  Fite,  selections  from  which  appear  in  Parts  l-IV  (1850- 
1910)  of  Thomas  A.  Edison  Papers:  A  Selective  Microfilm  Edition,  was 
processed  by  the  editors  of  the  Edison  Papers  according  to  a  set  of  guidelines 
for  consistent  subject  classification.  Unsolicited  correspondence  and  other 
unsolicited  items  outside  the  mainstream  of  Edison's  business  and  inventive 
activities  were  arranged  in  a  series  of  "unsolicited"  folders.  The  EGF,  by 
contrast  was  processed  by  archivists  at  the  Edison  National  Historic  Site 
beginning  in  the  1990s,  who  followed  much  more  closely  the  occasionally 
idiosyncratic  subject  classification  that  existed  in  the  records  as  arranged  by 
previous  archivists.  As  a  result,  the  names  and  contents  of  the  folders  are  not 
entirely  consistent  from  one  year  to  the  next,  and  some  folders  that  contain 
a  low  proportion  of  selected  documents  in  one  year  may  have  a  substantially 
greater  proportion  in  other  years. 

Furthermore,  correspondence  on  a  particular  topic  may  sometimes  be 
spread  out  over  more  than  one  folder  in  a  particular  year  or  arranged  in 
different  folders  from  one  year  to  the  next.  An  example  of  the  latter  is  the 
correspondence  from  191 1-1913  about  a  law  suit  arising  from  Edison's  work 
on  automatic  telegraphy  during  the  1 870s.  The  letters  for  1 91 1  and  191 3  are 
filed  in  the  "Legal— Litigation"  folder,  while  those  for  1912  can  be  found  in 
"Telegraph."  Similarly,  letters  to,  from,  and  about  Edison’s  friend  Henry  Ford 
can  be  found  not  only  in  the  folder  called  "Ford,  Henry"  but  also  in  the 
"Personal"  folder  and,  quite  frequently,  in  several  other  folders  as  well 
Documents  about  the  annual  camping  trips  in  which  Edison,  Ford,  industrialist 
Harvey  Firestone,  and  naturalist  John  Burroughs  participated  during  the 
middle  and  late  1910s  can  be  found  in  a  folder  called  "Camping  Trip  for 
1918,  whereas  similar  items  for  other  years  are  filed  in  the  Ford  and 
"Personal"  folders.  General  folders  such  as  "Edison,  T.  A.,"  "Personal,'  and 
"West  Orange  Laboratory"  contain  a  variety  of  miscellaneous  documents 
which  can  vary  considerably  from  year  to  year. 

Prior  to  the  1980s  considerable  quantities  of  business  records,  which 
were  not  directly  related  to  Edison  nor  part  of  the  original  files  maintained  by 
his  secretaries,  were  processed  into  the  EGF.  Many  of  these  extraneous 
items  were  removed  by  archivists  during  the  1980s  and  1990s  and 
reorganized  into  new  record  groups  such  as  the  Edison  Portland  Cement 
Company  Records,  Edison  Storage  Battery  Company  Records,  and  the 
records  of  various  divisions  of  TAE  Inc.  New  record  groups  were  also  created 
for  the  personal  papers  of  company  executives  such  as  Frank  L.  Dyer  and 
Carl  H.  Wilson,  for  Edison's  second  wife  Mina  Miller  Edison  (Edison  Family 
Papers),  and  for  the  documents  relating  to  Edison’s  wartime  research  and  his 
role  as  chairman  of  the  Naval  Consulting  Board. 

It  should  be  noted,  however,  that,  along  with  the  routine  business 
documents,  there  are  numerous  items  authored  by  Edison  or  bearing  his 
marginalia  in  most  of  the  company  and  divisional  record  groups,  as  well  as  in 
the  Naval  Consulting  Board  Records  (Special  Collections  Series),  Harry  F. 
Miller  File  (Legal  Series),  and  Richard  W.  Kellow  File  (Legal  Series).  Finding 
aids  for  these  record  groups  are  available  from  the  Edison  National  Historic 

With  a  few  exceptions,  the  nomenclature  used  in  the  EGF  archival 
record  group  has  been  retained  for  the  Edison  General  File  Series  of  the 
microfilm  edition.  However,  "Edison  Portland  Cement  Company,"  which 
appears  as  a  subdivision  of  "Cement"  in  the  early  years  of  the  archival  record 
group  and  as  a  main  entry  in  subsequent  years,  consistently  appears  in  the 
microfilm  edition  as  a  main  entry.  Three  closely  related  folders— "Mining, 
"Metals  and  Minerals,"  and  "Ore  Milling"— that  are  separated  by  the  Motion 
Pictures"  folder  in  the  archival  record  group  have  been  brought  together  in  the 
microfilm  edition  as  "Mining— General,"  "Mining— Metals  and  Other  Minera  s, 
and  "Mining— Ore  Milling."  In  addition,  subdivisions  have  been  created  for  the 
1911  and  1912  "West  Orange  Laboratory"  folders,  which  are  much  larger  and 
more  variegated  than  for  subsequent  years.  For  example,  the  letters  and 
reports  that  were  written  to  keep  Edison  informed  about  laboratory  and 
company  operations  while  he  was  vacationing  in  Florida  in  March-Apnl  1912 
appear  in  the  microfilm  edition  in  a  separate  folder  entitled  "West  Orange 
Laboratory  and  Associated  Companies— Letters  and  Reports  to  Edison. 



Edison  General  File  Series 

E-1 1  -01  Advertising  [not  selected] 

E-11-02  Advice 
E-1 1-03  Articles 

E-1 1  -04  Autograph  and  Photograph  Requests 

E-1 1-05  Automobile 

E-1 1-06  Aviation 

E-1 1-07  Banking 

E-1 1-08  Battery,  Storage  -  General 

E-1 1-09  Battery,  Storage  -  Country  House  Lighting  -  General 
E-1 1-10  Battery,  Storage  -  Country  House  Lighting  -  Windmill 

E-1 1  -1 1  Battery,  Storage  -  Delivery  Wagons  -  General 
E-1 1-12  Battery,  Storage  -  Delivery  Wagons  -  Endurance  Tests 

E-1 1-13  Battery,  Storage  -  Delivery  Wagons  -  Horse-Drawn  Wagon 

Costs  , 

E-1 1-14  Battery,  Storage  -  Delivery  Wagons  -  Lansden  Company 
E-1 1-15  Battery,  Storage  -  Edison  Storage  Battery  Company 
E-1 1  -1 6  Battery,  Storage  -  Electric  Vehicles  -  General 

E-1 1  -1 7  Battery,  Storage  -  Electric  Vehicles  -  Anderson  Electric  Car 


E-1 1-18  Battery,  Storage  -  Electric  Vehicles  -  Promotional 
E-1 1-19  Battery,  Storage  -  Federal  Storage  Battery  Car  Company 
E-1 1  -20  Battery,  Storage  -  Foreign  -  General 

E-1 1  -21  Battery,  Storage  -  Foreign  -  Bergmann,  Sigmund 
E-1 1-22  Battery,  Storage  -  Railroad 
E-1 1-23  Battery,  Storage  -  Submarine 
E-1 1  -24  Birthday  Greetings  [not  selected] 

E-1 1-25  Book  and  Journal  Orders 

E-1 1-26  Business  Propositions  [not  selected] 

E-1 1-27  Cement 
E-1 1-28  Cement  House 
E-1 1  -29  Charities  and  Loans 
E-1 1-30  Chemicals 

E-1 1-31  Christmas  and  New  Year  Greetings  [not  selected] 

E-11-32  Cigarettes 

E-1 1  -33  Clubs  and  Societies 

E-i  1  -34  Copyright  [not  selected] 

E-1 1-35  Deafness 

E-1 1-36  Edison,  T.  A.  ,  .  ,, 

E-1 1  -37  Edison  Crushing  Roll  Company  [not  selected] 

E-1 1  -38  Edison  Star  [not  selected] 

E-1 1-39  Education 
E-1 1-40  Electric  Light 

E-1 1-41  Employment 

E-1 1-42  Equipment  and  Supplies  [not  selected] 

E-1 1  -43  European  Tour 

E-i  1-44  Exhibitions 

E-i  i-45  Family 

E-1 1-46  Fan  Mail  [not  selected] 

E-i  1  -47  Financial  [not  selected] 

E-i  1-49  Foreign  Language  Correspondence  (Untranslated)  [not  selected] 
E-1 1-50  Fort  Myers 

E-1 1-51 
E-1 1-52 
E-1 1-53 
E-1 1-54 
E-1 1-55 
E-1 1-56 
E-1 1-57 
E-1 1-58 

E-1 1-59 
E-1 1-60 

Health  and  Diet 
Honors  and  Awards 

Lectures  [not  selected] 

Legal  -  General  ,  ,  .  _  _  nnr1 

Legal  -  Litigation  -  George  Harrington,  Josiah  C.  Reiff,  and 
Thomas  A.  Edison  v.  Atlantic  and  Pacific  Telegraph  al. 
Legal  -  Litigation  -  Thomas  A.  Edison  v.  Allis-Chalmers  Co.  et  al. 
Minina  -  General 

E-1 1-61  Mining  -  Metals  and  Other  Minerals  [not  selected] 

E-1 1  -62  Mining  -  Ore  Milling 

E-1 1-63  Motion  Pictures 

E-1 1  -64  Name  Use  [not  selected] 

E-1 1  -65  Patents  [not  selected] 

E-1 1-66  Personal  -  General 

E-1 1  -67  Personal  -  Johnson,  Edward  H. 

E-1 1-68  Phonograph  -  General  ; 

E-1 1-69  Phonograph  -  Edison  Phonograph  Works 
E-1 1  -70  Phonograph  -  Foreign 

E-1 1-71 
E-1 1-72 

E-1 1-73 
E-1 1-74 
E-1 1-75 
E-1 1-76 
E-1 1-77 
E-1 1-78 
E-1 1-79 
E-1 1-80 

Phonograph  -  Laboratory  and  Technical  Employees 
Phonograph  -  National  Phonograph  Company  and  Thomas  A. 
Edison,  Inc. 


Polyform  [not  selected] 

Port  Huron  [not  selected] 

Radio  [not  selected] 

Real  Estate 
Receipts  [not  selected] 

Religion  and  Spiritualism 
Secretary  [not  selected] 

E-1 1-81 
E-1 1-82 
E-1 1-83 
E-1 1-84 
E-1 1-85 
E-1 1-86 
E-1 1-87 
E-1 1-88 

E-1 1-89 

Stock  and  Bond  Offerings  [not  selected] 



Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc. 

Visitors  ,  *  ,  .  ,, 

Warren  County  Warehouse  Company  [not  selected] 

West  Orange  Laboratory  ^ 

West  Orange  Laboratory  and  Associated  Companies  -  Letters 
and  Reports  to  Edison  .  K.  .  c 

West  Orange  Laboratory  and  Associated  Companies  -  Notes  by 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Advertising  [not  selected]  (E-11-01) 

This  folder  contains  solicitation  letters  from  advertising  managers. 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Advice  (E-11-02) 

This  folder  contains  unsolicited  correspondence  requesting  Edison's 
advice  on  technical  matters  or  seeking  his  assistance  in  improving  or 
promoting  inventions.  A  letter  of  introduction  written  by  financier  George  W. 
Perkins  is  included. 

A  sample  of  less  than  2  percent  of  the  documents  has  been  selected. 
The  selected  items  contain  Edison's  replies  in  the  form  of  marginalia. 

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Ur.  Thos  A,  Edison, 


O-rand  Rapids  Mich: 



JcU,  a  {L^u 5-«r 

Jany  13th  1911.  .  ,  . 

^JW,  w  f  -f 

/  K 

orty  in  addressing  you,  and  c 

H.  J. 

My  dear  Sir:-  _ _ 

X  fool  an^^K  ^iS^o  S£SL 

i  hardly  tell  ^ylly 

X  invented  and  secured  letters  patent  o^t^ejimu^Uo^.pn^-gqa h  ^ 

Cor  conveying;  mixing  and  moulding  ooncrote^^ottor^iM^^^teria^. 

I  have  learned  that  other  parties  in  1  ‘ 

this  process  and  claiming  they  have  been  aA 

have  delayed  the  issueing  of  the  patents  pending  application  for. 'for¬ 
eign  patents.  I  have  therefore  not  heou  able  to  secure  a  copy  of 

their  claims.  I  have  no  donut  you  have  heard  of  this  process 

and  must  realize  the  magnitude  of  its  scope. 

X  am  not  the  typical  poor  inventor  and  still  I  am  young  and 
new  at  the  patent  game.  X  know  on  the  contrary,  that  you  have 

had  experience  and  to  tell  you  the  truth;  That  you  are  not  so  in  need 
of  money  that  tho  advice  you  would  give  me  v/ould  he  all  for  your  own 
interest.  This  Idea  may  not  ho  as  valuable  as  I  think  it 

to  he.  I  am  coming  to  New  York  ;  and  if  you  arc  to  ho  at  home 

next  week  and  it  would  not  he  too  much  to  ask  of  you;  I  would  gladly 
go  to  your  city  from  there;  And  would  esteem  it  a  groat  favor  if  you 
give  me  a  few  minutes  of  your  time  for  a  conversation  on  the  subject. 

If  I  am  asking  too  much;  you  have  simply  to  ignore  this  let- 
tor>  X  wish  to  leave  here  Sunday  night;  which  will  got  me  to 

Washington  #  Monday  morning.  I  will  procure  frpm  our  Congressman 

V/m.  Alden  Smith;  a  letter  of  recommendation;  and  proceed  either  from 
there  to  Orange  or  New  York.  Should  you  entertain  my  sug¬ 

gestion  favorably;  will  you  wire  me  here  at  my  expense,  the  date  most 
convenient  for  you  to  see  mo. 

l/l3  11. 

"  Orand  ^aplcls,  Michigan. 

■,I  am.  informed,  when-.  the-  effort  lis  made-tortransmit  .electric  power,  from  water-afalls 
:it  is  -found.-that-tohen  -the-.current.vis  stepped  up  to  a  certain  voltagb';the  .air  refuses 
-to  become  -longer.: an::insulator-,and'the  .electricity tesoapes  iin  -the  :air. 

:I;  believe  -  you-..are::the:6flly !  man  the  .world  who  can  discover  an  insulator  .which  will 
prevent  :the  Joss;  ofVthe. current.  .It'  may-  be  300.  years,  before,  another  .with  yourknowl-  born  .into.  this,  world,  be  have  enough  power,  going,  to.  waste: to .run. every  train, 
cook. every  meal ;8nd  .run  every -factory-,  if  only- a.-.way  is;  found:- to  transport,  the  current 
■  without  ,  much  loss  for.  any  distance;  -.An.  estimate  is  made- that- 9. 000;000.  power 
-is  going.- to  waste,  in  our. Western  Mountains  alone. 

Si:  believe  .if:  you-.will  you  .can  stop  this  waste  j and  .  therebyt confer  . upon  :  makkind-iits 

greatest  benefit  . 

Hoping-,  that  ,Imay -be;  pardoned  the  boldness:  of -.addressing:  your  thus  unsolicitedvmay.T 
.ask  to. .remain, 

Yours:  Very :  Respctfully , 

llM  1 

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January  23,  1911 


'  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Hev/allyn  Park, 
Orange,  IT. 

1  have  been  interested  for  spme  time  in  the 
question  of  the  dissemination  of  odors ,  particularly  from 
sewage  disposal  plants,  and  some  time  ago,  as  ray  memory 
serves  me,  I  got  the  impression  that  you  had  studied  this 
question  on  general  lines  and  designed  some  sort  of 

apparatus  of  an  electrical  nature  for  recording  the 
intensity  of  odors,  etc.  X  should  he  very  grateful  if 
you  would  he  good  enough  to  indicate  to  me  where  I  could 
learn  as  to  the  results  of  your  studies  of  this  general 


Very  respectfully. 

'lM<yVMW.i; ^ f  _  t  r  „ 

£i8ui  tf>7£^^j-"'| 

—THE — 



High  Water  Mark 


Dear  Hr.  Eiison: 

V/e  are  having  any  amount 
electricity,  and  I  writ 
way  by  Whioh  v/e 

Circulation  3,000  ,t 

** N^-  Jan.  34, 


J"1'  J£-  &,-~r-i&i  ifCc-vft-CsP’V'’* 

prpvont  ^ 

somehow,  so  that  the  shoot s^eTO&S^^Sfir  chai|;sd;and  will  not  run 
through  the  folder.  They 

you  get  quite  a  little  shochfc  £fatt|pt  f 

Can  you  kindly  suggest  b?*8&  we  can  draw  off  the 

electricity,  so  that  we  can  run  the  sheets  through  t^^lderlt 
onc_e^  As  things  are  now;they  come  off  the  big  press  Charged 
with  frictional  electricity ,and  stiok  together  like  &uJso  that 
we  cannot  get  them  through  the  folder.  The  result  is  4at  me  miss 
the  mails,  and  destroy  any  amount  of  paper. 

You  will  r«*i*nber  that  I  have  written  frequently  about  your 
inventions  in  the  papers  of  the  United  States,  and  1  wo, ad  apprec- 

—  i  sars-rsAS  «*>«•  sa  s. t:“;r  rrs 

Of  your  time  one  of  these, days.  I  want  to  ask  you  about  one  o. 
two  things, if  convenient  to  you. 

With  kind  regards,  I  am 

Very  truly  yours. 



Zhe  flftoove  JUtet  Company 

MtonOwn«»»«i6en  lane  JBull&Ino 

Boar  Sir:- 

Your  valued  favor  of  tho  25th  inst.  received  during  the 
ah s once  of  the  v/ritor,  which  will  account  for  the  dolay  in  acloiow- 

lodging  its  receipt. 

Y/e  should  he  very  pleased  indood  to  avail  ourselves  of 
your  suggestion  to  have  Mr.  Clancy  go  over  to  your  laboratory  and 
explain  his  process  nsoro  fully  to  you  just  as  soon  as  ho  returns 
from  the  float,  which  will  probably  he  in  the  course  of  the  next- 
ten  days  or  fortnight,  which  we  trust  will  ho  quite  satisfactory 

to  you. 

ffe  aro  sure  that  Mr.  Clancy  would  wish  to  personally 
avail  himself  of  tho  opportunity  of  explaining  the  process,  and 
thoreforo  wo  mate  the  above  suggestion  rather  than  sending  someone 
else  to  do  so. 

Sincerely  thanking  you  for  your  intorost,  and  trusting 
that  the  arrangement  that  we  have  suggested  will  ho  quite  agrooahlo 

Mr.  Ihomaa  A.  Edison. 

-2-  1-28-11. 

to  you. 


vie  beg  to  remain 

Vo?7  tn 


*  / 



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Machine  desiqninq  and  devisino  a  Specialty 

Dallas,  Texas  m./4/i9il,  6 

I,ir.  Thomas  A. Edison, 

West  Orange ,  H.J.  fB  o'" 

Dear  sir:-  \  j//\ 

I  suppose  yon  are  hoseiged  with  questions  of  the  6Maric^r£^ 

I  am  going  to  ask  you,  hut  X  no  of  no  source  of  informat^q/4h^^y>  ^ 
I  consider  as  dependable  as  yourself.  _  ^  / '  • 

I  want  to  know  if  it  he  posihle  to  transmit  over  ttfc  sajad 
wire  as  many  as  one  thousand  electric  currents,  or  to  cau^f  th pj 
electric  impulses  to  select  its  index, so  to  speck  at 
end  of  the  wire?  J (V  j 

The  strength  of  the  currents  may  he  very  small, hut  capob^ jy 
of  being  usod  os  directors  of  stronger  currents.  ^ 

To  make  myself  clearer,  when  I  send  the  impulse  #900  I  want 
it  to  select  #900  at  the  other  end. 

If  this  can  he  done  I  can  look  at  you  while  talking  to  you 
over  tho  telephone. 


Jj  It  fill 

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Herbert  F.  Rawll 

used,  in  some  Hotels  which  throws  a  red  light  in  your 
room  reading  "Hail  in  office  for  you".  Did  the  appli¬ 
cation  of  a  similar  instrument  to  telephones  ever  occur 
to  you  whereby  you  might  return  to  your  apartment  and 
see  a  red  sign  over. your  'phone  "Call  181  John"1?  In 
New  York  City  I  understand  at  least  one  half  of  the 
telephones  used  are  often  left  unattended. 

Imagine  the  convenience  of  annattachment 
of  this  kind  which  would  automatically  advise  you  upon 
your  return  that  a  certain  party  had  called  you. 

The  telephone  company  I  should  think,  by 
a  series  of  push  buttons  at  central,  could  work  this  out 
from  the  exchange,  and  of  course  they  would  charge  so  much 
for  attaching  this  instrument,  or  loan  it  and  charge 
subscribers  so  much  for  each  message  flashed. 

Awaiting  your  comment,  I  am, 


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f  tho  valuable  /VhUiogfaph  lo  'W  1  i 

rill  you  kindly/ fWiL-ffl?  in  this  requist'Ji^.^P11 

will  you  kindly/ in  this  requist'jvt^J 
direct  and  mall  this  letteir  to  mr^&SSON  J 

Mr  EDI0N  SIR  will  youhLve  aft  )f  ?CuNqlerks  v, 
if  there  is  a  tol.  phone-  sully  1&at  wiiAv  ffljjf.ah^e  tl 
from  a  receiver  and  if  a  holme  wn  te  avOgOftqd,''^o 
be  a  help  in  oareing-  a  voice  £r<hq  the 

through  a  Kail  hope  ing  i  am  not  rhposein/  upcW 
-kindness  a  glance  at  the  other  aid'  ofsthis  £\ 
will  explane  my  want  to  you  i  judge  ' 
thanking  you  in  advance  for:  the '  favor  i  remain 

•  •  !  yours  respectfully 

1014,  w,  5  ,st  J,W,  COFFEY  Ft  Scott  kah 

-kindness  a  glance  at 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  Hew  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir.-  FEB  Op  v  ^  k 

Have  received  yours  of  the  20th  instant,  staVfj. 

ing  that  the  device  described  by  me  is  out  of  your  line 
and  therefore  of  no  interest  to  you. 

I  beg  to  say  that  if  you  will  accord  mo  the 
privilege  of  a  personal  visit,  I  am  confident  of  being 
able  to  interest  you  in  the  theory  on  which  it  is  based. 

A  direct  and  what  I  believe  to  be  an  entirely  new  appli¬ 
cation  of  electricity  is  employed  in  the  separation  of 
mixed  gases,  i. a. gases  not  chemically  combined. 

X  do  not  desire  to  be  obtrusive  in  my  persist¬ 
ency  but  X  do  believe  that  the  possibilities  and  scien¬ 
tific  value  of  such  a  device  are  so  groat  as  to  warrant 
a  ten  minute  consideration  by  you. 

I  t^anlc  you  for  ynur  attention  to  my  letter  of 
the  17th  instant. 

Yours  very  truG 



^be  flfeoote  filter  Company 



February  28,  1911. 

(A . 

15sq.. ,  \ 

HP  J~  , 

Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orango,  E.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Suppler.enting  onr  respects  of  the  28th  ult.,  wo  hog 
to  advise  that  Mr.  Clancy  has  returned  from  tho  West,  and  that 
he  would  ho  ploascd  if  yon  will  suggest  a  time  suiting  your 
convenience  for  the  interviow  that  you  suggested  in  your  favor 
above  reforred  to. 



Cast  Iron  Water  and  Gas  Pipe 

!T/ie  Oregon  S/ron  an  d  Steel  Co. 

339  Sherlock  SSulldlng 

Portland,  6regon,  March  2.  0911 

Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  K.J.  'd  *  , 

Dear  Sir:  '  *  feo 

We  are  prompted  to  write  and  ask  you  if1  toSve  e^el^~>v 
taken  up  the  proposition  of  using  electricity  in%ie  burninf^jj^'^ 
stumps  from  land  on  which  the  timber  has  been  cut  offf^pnt  hery  in 
the  We3t  the  clearing  of  stumps  from  the  land  is  becoming  morsrand 
more  of  a  problem  because  of  the  high  price  of  labor,  and  much  land 
is  allowed  -to  lie  idle  which  would,  be  put  in  cultivation  were  itl 
possible  to  utilize  the  large  amount  of  cheap  electrical  power , which 
we  have  in  our  glacial  rivers,  for  the  purpose  of  clearing  off  the 

frOsTse"  sr^A^uet  .  e 

'’w  xXW6,  ^  ^  stUrryUL- 



Taylor,  T 

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J4jW  t 

•Thomas  A.  Edison,  Eso., 
Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sirs 

Delaware  City,  Del.  3-28-1911^ 


If  gas  engine  manufacturers  could  Increase  the  power  of  their 
engines  30 4,  to  50‘S?  without  Increasing  the  weight  of  their  engines  more 

than  a  few  per  cent,  at  an  average  cost  of  $5.  per  engine -  Don't  you 

think  think  quite  a  few  of  them  would  be  willing  (some  of  them  even 
anxious  )  to  pay  a  few  cents  per  horse  power  for  the  privilege  of  do¬ 
ing  so  ? 

If  I  can  furnish  the  Know-howlto-increase-the-power-of-gas- 
englnes,  are  you  willing, for  a  half  interest,  to  write  the  specifica¬ 
tions  and  claims  for  patents  to  cover  it  ? 

I  am  aware  that  there  are  several  thousand  patent  attorneys, 
and  that  a  large  per  cent  of  them  might  be  willing  to  admit  that  they 
had  forgotten  more’  about  patents  than  you  will  ever  know,  but  I  am 
willing  to  take  chances  on  you. 

Thanking  you  for  an  early  reply,  I  am. 

Yours  truly, 

■^n^y,  US&cYc;  a£nZ£T 

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Ariel  Lumber  Company 


Cypress  Shingles.  Lath,  eto. 

Pine.  Oyphbbb  amp  Hardwood  Lctibbb 

Hr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange , U . J , 

$ear  Sir, 

.  1 

Uf  /»-  a 

It  looks  like  pr^s^pi^on  roj  l^rt^to to  V* 
an  inventor  like  you, but  .1  hav^  ^ J 

7,- ay  that  !t>  I  thought  you  c^uKHv^^but 
jifto  you  and  if  you  think  i  t  'l4r$T'fo  ric?^fefri^^^aLi2.t  air a  udybe  en 
tried  ondyou  can  pay  me  what is  worthy 
The  idea  is  this, to  make  a  clock-work  attachment  to^Sur  ?hono graph  to 
•set  as  an  alarm  to  start  the  machine  at  any  given  tiraeNith  records  to 
suit, and  use  it  for  an  alarm  to  call  any  one  up  at  a^r  time  same  ns  an  h 
alarm  could  also  bo  made  to  stop  it  at  the  *nd  of  the  record. 

X  have  used  an  ordinary  alarm  clock  to  start  my  phonograph, by  removing 

the  hell  and  using  a  string  to  the  starting^of  the  machine, and  it  never 
fails  to  v/ake  mo. Please  lot  me  hear  from  you  in  regard  to  it. 

fours  very  truly 

Central  Hotel^^  JL^ae,  Ife  ^e.-t^^-^-yr(L 

v^t;  « 

Central  Hotel 

North  Wilkesboro.  N .  O... 


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W.  M.  KING 



Shalebhoy  Tyebjee  &  Sons,  /h^4d 

Ship  Chandlers  and  Government  Contractors,  ^ 

Importers  of  Paints,  Oils,  Varnishes.  Hopes  and  all  kinds  of  Machinery,  4c„  &c. 

(X<1r '  j 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esqr. ,  CjuJJ0Le-t  £-*~*  k-*“>w 

OjAj?  cw-t*  <r%|j 

helped,  with  : 

things,  in  this  world,  and  * 

tzf  ©L.%|  t*"4’* 

v  -  view  to  be 

almost  all  the 
fully  trust,  you  will  be  kind  enough  to  us  know  some  way  by  which  the  Estate^cajj^b^rned  fertile,  for 
which  we  will  always  pray  Almighty  G^ffor  your  very  long  life  and 

We  possess  a  large  Estate  of  land/ in  Gujarat (India) 
situated  on  a  sea  coast  of  Bulsar,  know/as  Hr.  Donald  Graham's  Bulsar 
Bhagal  Estate,  whioh  measures  about  700\^Acres.  There  is  a  wide 
plantation  of  about  8000  Oocoanut-treeB  in  65  aores  of  land  planted 
systematically  at  a  distance  of  SO  feet  each  and  having  facilities  of 
10  wells,  6  Windmills,  2  Oil  Engines, 6  Country  Bullock  driving  gears 
for  drawing  water.  The  land  is  ordinarily  sweet,  but  looking  at  the 
trouble,  whioh  is  taken  to  make  the  plantation  a  sucoess  at 
considerable  expense,  has  not  been  fulfilled,  and  we  are  daily  — 

expecting  to  see  an  improvement,  by  giving  more  water  than  it  was 
r  oricina  " 



"originally  given,  when  it  was  in  the  hands  of  Mr. Donald  Graham  of 
Scotland  of  the  firm  of  Messrs.  Graham  &  Go.,  of  England, since  1882 
to  1908,  we  see  a  little  improvement  since  1908,  hut  not  to  our  - 
satisfaction.  The  Oocoanut  trees,  which  we  have,  hardly  hear  fruits 
at  an  average  of  10  coooanuts  per  year  instead  of  an  average  of  least 
75/100.  As  we  are  very  anxious  to  see  an  improvement,  will  you  he  so 
kind  as  to  show  us  a  way,  hy  which,  we  can  improve  the  Oocoanut  - 
plantation  and  make  it  pay.  Besides  the  above,  the  other  lands  we  have, 
with  the  oocoanut  plantation,  has  been  reclaimed,  some  about 
2000  Aores,  sinoe  40  years  and  the  rest  about  6000  Aores,sinoe 
26  years,  by  preventing  sea  water.  Out  of  the  above,  about  750  Acres 
has  been  improved,  suitable  for  rice  cultivation,  the  rest  has  not  yet 
improved  for  any  crop.  However  little  shoots  of  grass  are  seen  mostly 
on  2000  Aores  of  land  and  partly  on  the  5000  Aores  of  land.  Oan  this 
ground  be  made  suitable  for  any  commonest  orop  1  as  it  will  pay  well 
being  a  large  area.  Trees, called  "  Babul  Wood  «  trees  (Common  wood  - 
Trees)  frow  somewhere,  on  a  very  small  portion  of  the  Estate  only. 

With  all  these  particulars,  will  you  kindly  give  us  some  advice, as 
what  best  we  should  do  to  improve  our  vast  Estate.  The  average 
rain  fall  on  thiB  side  is  45/50  inohes. 

We  shall  ever  feel  grateful,  for  any  advice,  you  will  be  - 
,,  and  with  our  best  thanks  in  advanoe, 

pleased  to  give 

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Mr. -Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Valley  Road, 

West  Orango,  N.  J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edisoni- 

This  note  will  serve  to  nuke  you  acquainted  with  Mr.  BaBsett  Cadwallader, 
the  gentleman  I  spoke  to  your  secretary  about  over  the  telephone  this  morning. 

If  you  can  epure  him  a  few  moments  of  your  valuable  time,  both  he  and  X 
will  appreciate^it*. 

Sincerely  yours, 


*'uc-  l &€&***<  <-* 



you  with  the  following  :- 

As  hy  talking  In  the  Graraaphone  we  can  have  our  speeolv- 
-ea  recorded  why  can  this  not  In  soma  way  aot  upon  a  typewriter  and 
reproduce  the  apeeoh  in  typewriting. 

Under  the  present  oondltion  we  dictate  our  matter  to 
a  shorthand  writer  who  then  has  to  typewrite  it.  What  a  labour  sav- 
-ing  devioe  it  would  be  if  we  could  talk  direot  to  the  typewriter 
'itself  l  The  oonvenienoe  of'  it  would  be  enormous.  I®  frequently 
occurs  that  a  man's  best  thoughts  occur  to  him  after  business  hours 
and  afetr  his  stenographer  and  typist  hsfjp^loft  and  if  he  had  suoh 
an  instrument  he  would  be  independent  of  their  presenoe  . 

The  days  of  sitting  down  and  writingA°n°,s  thoughts 
are  now  over.  It  is  not  alone  that  there  is  always  the  danger  in 
that  prooess  of  striking  out  and  repairing  as  we  go  along,  but  I  am 
°*jmost  business-men  have  lost  the  art  by  the  constant  use  of  a  steno- 
-grapher  am  their  thoughts  won't  run  into  their  fingers.  I  reraera- 
— ber  the  time  very  well  when  I  oould  not  think  without  a  pen  in  my 

-  hand,  ,  now  the  reverse  is  the  .oatie  and  if  I  walk. .about  and  .dictate - 

the  result  is  not  only  quicker. in  time  but  better  in  matter;  and  it 
occurred  to  me  that  suoh  an  instrument  as  I  have  described  is  pos-  > 
-Bible  , and  that  if  it  be  possible  there  is  no  roan  on  earth  but  you 
who  oould  do  it.  < 

If  my  idea  is  worthless?  I  hope  you  will  pardon  roe  for 
trespassing  on  your  time  and  not  denounoe  me  too  rouoh  for  my  stu¬ 
pidity.  If  it  iejl  I  think  it .  is  a  machine  whioh  would  be  of  gener 
-al  utility  not  only  in  the  oommeroial  world  but  also  for  Publio 


speakers  eto.V 

X  am  unfortunately  not  an  engineer  only  a  lawyer.  y°u 
oara  about  wasting  a  fevr  lined  on  mo,  drop  a  line  to  Philip  stern, 
Barrister-at-Law  at  above  address,  marking  ''Personal'  (^/^fj^on 
the  latter. 

Yours  very  truly, 


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*  YORK  Julyl7th,191I. 

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Llewellyn  Part,  H<4  Jersey.  **  ,d\  'M  l  8  £ /  / 


Dear  31r»  uLL - ^ 

In  bringing  before  your  notice  the  Allowing  i  trust  you  will  oonsider  t 

been  thought  of.  It  ia  my  desire,  naturally,  to  profit  by  any  result  that  may 
be  obtained,  should  you  deem  it  worthy  of  consideration,  and  the  same  be  perfected 
and  be  a  suooeas.  Being  a  new  lorker  bred  and  bom,  1  have  been  and  am  a  constant 
traveller  on  the  various  transportation  lines  in  this  city,  and  there  has  been  in 
the  past,  and  ia  daily  brought  to  my  notioe  the  great  inefficiency  of  all  said 
lines  in  announcing  the  namoB  of  the  immediate  and  future  stops,  it  is  not  necessary 
for  me  to  dwell  upon  the  importance  of  having  auoh  stops,  so  announced,  that  each 
and  every  ohe  in  a  oar,  either  crowded  or  otherwise,  may  hear,  or  the  duty  that 
the  companies  owe  to  the  travelling  public  in  this  respect.  It  semms  to  me  it  is 
too  self  evident  to  need  persuasion,  my  idea  is  to  have  a  phonograph  placed  in 
the  celling  of  each  oar,  in  the  centre,  of  oourse,with  a  horn  pointing  towards  each 
door,  that  the  machine  may  be  wound  either  eleotrioally  or  by  hand,  and  a  record  of 
sufficient  length  be  made,  so  as  to  include  each  and  all  stops,  and  to  announce  the 
next  station.  The  machine  oan  be  easily  operated  by  a  small  attachment  to  the  oar 
which  in  turn  could  be  tipped  by  something  fixed  upon  the  station  platform. 

!  is  the  only  one  adapted  to  thU  idea,  owing  to  the  possibility 

of  making  a  record  of  any  length  desired.  Of  oourde  J-  have  only  theorized  opon 
this,  and  am  not  an  inventer  in  any  way.  and  it  would  therefore  be  impossible 

T.  A.  E.  #2 

for  1118  to  complete  the  details,  hut  l  am  certain  It  would  ho  a  perfect  system  of 
announcing.  If  It  can  he  perfected.  My  only  douht  about  it  Is  the  cost  of  the 
machines,  wh^oh  i  fear  would  he  too  expensive  for  the  companies  to  Install. 
Hoping  I  may  have  the  pleasure  of  hearing  from  you  in  the  near  future,  i  am, 
fours  very  truly. 

Mr.  Shomas  E.  Edeson 



h,  ± 

x,ear  D“-"  Recognizing  in  you'tJQ  foremost  practical  scientist  of&ur 
day  and  one  who  turns  his  genius  to  meeting- the  mechanical  neod^Afrid^ 
removing  the  difficulties  which  frequently  heset  man-kind  ,fe)feave  the 
honor  to  suggest  and  submit  a  practical  problem  ^.you^^sideration 

omas  Ja.  woe  son,  '  5^—^  | 

Patterson,  H.J.  *'K 

0  I 

and  solution. 

Before  submitting  the  problem  however,  a  short  explanation  is 
necessary.  I  am  a  commissioned.. officer  in  the  U.S.  Revenue-Cutter  Service,; 
and  I  have  direct  knowledge  and.  experience  . of  what  I  write.  .Frequently; 
Revenue-Cutters  and  other  sea-going  vessels,  equipped  with  efficient 
wireless-telegraph  plants  (as  now  required  byblaw)  have,  the  most  urgent 
and  vital  reasons  for  meeting  or  falling  in  with,  at  sea  ,  other  vessels 
similarly  equipped,  intheverjr  shortest  pbssibie  time^f  For  instance  in 
the  case  of  a  marine  disaster,  when  an  endangered  or  doomed  steamer  sum-“ 
mons  to  her  immeadiate  assistance  any  vessel  \Whioh  may  chance  to  be  within 
wireless-oall,  to  save  the  lives  of  those ,',on;- board) . 

When  such  a  call  has  been  heard  and  answered',1  the  distressed  vessel  ^ 
usually  indicates  her  position  to  her  wouldrDe’>esouer  in  terms  of  "latitude 
and  longitude" ,  and  the  rescuer  "shapes  his  course"  accordingly.  But  very, 
often  due  to  fog,  cloudy  weather  and  consequent  imp 0 sib ility  to  take 
astronomical  sights,  ocean  currents  or  other  causes,  the  exact  position- 
of  one  or  both  vessels  (which  are  trying  to  meet)  is  only  approximately 

-  2  - 

known  and  cannot  lie  determined  with  precision;  and  so  accurate  courses 
cannot  he  pursued  and  frequently  much  valuable  time  is  lost  in  search¬ 
ing  a  locality  before  getting  together;  notwithstanding  that  both  ships 
may  have  been  in  almost  continual  wireless  communication  as  they  approached 
each  others  vicinity.  Under  such  circumstances,  I  have  noticed  that  an 
experienced  wireless-operator  may  be  able  to  give  a  navigator  a  help¬ 
ful  olew,  in  a  general  way  as  to  whether  the  two  vessels  are  nearing 
or  beooming  more  distant,  by  noticing  whether  the  other  vessel’s  mes¬ 
sages  continue  to  be  heard  louder  and  louder,  or  if  they  become  fainter 
and  fainter;  and  by  the . intensity  with  which  they  be  heard  may  even 
hazard, an  opinion  aiff  to  the  distance  off  of  the  other  vessel;  but  the 
re oe lying  operator  by  means  of  his  instrument  cannot  tell  in  what 
direotion  the  vessel  talking  to  him  lies  . 

The  problem  then,  which  I  submit  and  the  difficulty  to  be  over¬ 
dome  ,  is  the  invention  and  construction  of  some  mgohanical  or  other 
appliance  or  attachment  to  be  used  with  the  wireless-telegraph  which 
will  indicate  to  an  operator  the  direction  of  the  vessel  or  station 
whose  messages  he  may  be  receiving. 

Suoh  an  invention  if  placed  on  the  market  would  not  only  be  useful 
in  facilitating  vessels  meeting  at  sea,  but  would  also  be  of  great  value 
in  fog  and  other  thick  weather  in  preventing  collisions;  also  in  clear 
weather  when  several  similar  vessels  appear  on  differodt  parts  of  the 
horizon  it  would  be  of  use  by  means  of  indicating  the  direction  in 
identifying  such  as  messages  be  exchanged  with;  and  it  be  desired  to 

Very  respectfully, 

1st  Lieut. ,U.S.R.C.S. 

Address:  - 

Lieut.  W.A.Y/iley,U.S.R.C.S. , 

U.S.  Revenue-Cutter  OROHLAGA? 

R  or  folk ,  Virginia. 


,  h.  J. 

Dour  Sir: 

In  listening  to  a  phonograph  1 
to  me  that  I  docided  to  submit  to  you  to  soe  if  thoro  is  anythins- 
in  it.  It  is  vory  probable  that  tho  same  idoa  has  already  occurred 
to  you  and  the  experiment  tried. 

As  our  ears  are  situated  a  few  inches  apart,  just  as  are 
our  eyes,  it  occurred  to  mo  that  possibly  there  was  such  a  thing 
aB  a  "perspective*  (if  I  may  bo  call  it)  to  sounds  as  there  is  in 
looking  at  an  object;  and  that  possibly,  in  making  a  phonograph 
record,  and  reproducing  it,  with  only  one  needle,  did  not  give  the 
sound  tho  proper  "perspective",  just  as  it  is  necessary  to  have 
a  stereoscope  to  give  a  picture  the  proper  relief.  I  thought  that 
possibly  a  more  life  like  record  and  reproducing  of  sound  could 
possibly  be  made  by  having  two  recording  needles,  situated  in 
relation  to  the  Bound  about  as  the  human  ears  are,  and  a  double 
reproducer.  If  this  idea  has  not  already  been  tried  I  submit  to 
you  far  whatever  it  may  be  worth,  if  anything. 

Yours  truly* 


99  Clarissa  St,  Rochester,  N.Y.  ^ 

■d,  mu. 


October  23rd, 

Thomas  A.  Edison, 
orange,  N.J. 

r^pir^  4 

Dear  Sir:-  Would  It  be  practlole  to  arrange  a  phonographic  / 
transmitter  on  top  of  a  trolloy-car  and  have  It  unnounce  the  streets 
by  coming  into  contact  with  records  of  the  streets,  strung  up  paralell 
to  the  trolley  wire;  short  a  traight  records  strung  up  midway  between 
streets.  With  such  on  arrangement  It  seems  possible  for  any  car  to  run 
over  any  line  and  automatically  announce  the  "next  street"  to  the  passenger 
who  are  too  often  strangers  In  the  cities  and  misunderstand  the  conductor, 
with  such  a  rig  there  would  be  nothing  to  look  after  but  the  phonographic 

mechanism  should  it  got  out  of  order. 



Thos. A .Edison, Esq 

CU.  ‘•■t 

November  28th,  1911.  j 

■ange,  H.J.  0  j 

Dear  sir:- 

Having  "boon  connected  with  the  development  or 
so  called  "Rustless  •Iron"  produced  by  the  Bower-Barff  and 
tbe  Wells  processes  it-  bas  often  occured  to  rae  to  ask  why 
oxidized  charcoal  iron  could  not-  be  used  to  advantage  as  a 
pole  of  the  storage  battery. 

•I  am  tbe  inventor  and  pat-tentee  of  tbe  "Wells  Process"  . 

But  •!  know  very  little  about  storage  batteries  and  there- 
ara  writing  to  tbe  man  wbo  knows  most-  about  them. 

•I  am  told  by  an  engineer  that  in  your  new  battery  you  use 
flakes  of  pure  iron  in  glass  receptacles. 

Why  would  not  tbe  almost  pure  iron  between  the  oxide  coats 
of  a  sheets  of  charcoal  iron  be  lighter  and  perhaps  better? 

As  you  know, the  magnetic  oxide  coating  (especially  that 
made  by  the  Wells  Process)  is  impervious  to  a  rather  strong 
mixture  of  sulphuric  acid  and  is  also  a  very  poor  conductor 
of  electricity.  By  drilling  holes  thro  the  sheets  your 
electrolyte  would  be  able  to  reach  the  inner  iron. 

Forgive  my  taking  up  your ’.'valuable  time  if  the  idea  is 
of  no  value. 






MELBOURNE,  On  The  Indian  River,  Florida. 

I-  Deciding  at  what  place  to  locate  a  WINTER  HOME  there 
III  are  several  things  of  great  importance  to  consider. 

FIRST  is  the  healthfulness  of  the  proposed  location. 

SECOND  is  whether  the  place  is  accessible  to  the  rest  of  the  world 
and  in  a  beautiful  situation. 

THIRD,  is  the  place  in  the  back  woods  or  will  one  have  the  bene¬ 
fit  of  good  Schools,  Ohurohes,  Stores,  Physioians,  etcl 

FOURTH,  is  the  placo  settled  by  congenial,  and  ednoated  people? 
All  of  these  questions  can  be  answered  satisfactorily  in  regard  to 
Melbourne,  Florida. 

Melbourne  is  a  small  town  on  the  East  Coast  of  Florida,  about  mid¬ 
way  between  Jacksonville  and  Miami.  It  is  not  so  far  South  that  the 
climate  is  enervating,  and  is  far  enough  South  to  insure  pleasant  days 
all  the  winter  through. 

There  is  an  occasional  frost  here  just  the  same  sb  there  is  a  frost 
now  and  then  away  down  South  of  Miami. 

The  land  here  is  suitable  for  growing  Citrus  Frutis  and  alBO  vege¬ 
tables.  All  our  lots  as  offered  in  tbiB  circular  are  big  enough  to  grow 
a  few  mange  and  other  fruit  trees,  and  the  larger  lots  are  many  of 
them  big  enough  to  raise  Oranges,  Grapefruit,  Tangerines, Limes, 
Guavas  and  Vegetables  lor  a  big  family  and  some  to  spare. 

There  is  an  abundance  of  good  healthful  water  at  Melbourne.  This 

makes  for  the  healthfulness  of  the  place,  ns  no  town  oan  be  in  a  good 
sanitary  condition  that  has  not  plenty  of  good  water  for  drinking  and 
other  purposes. 

The  train  service  on  the  Florida  East  Coast  Railway  is  one  of  the 
finest  in  the  8outh,  and  Melbourne  iB  one  of  the  big  towns  on  their 

Melbourne  is  located  on  the  Indian  River,  which  is  a  body  of  salt 
water,  and  is  really  a  SOUND  and  is  not  a  river.  '  _ 

The  Indian  River  at  this  point  is  two  miles  wide,  and  just  beyond 
the  strip  of  sand  on  the  East  side  is  the  Atlantic  Ocean. 

Surf  bathing  can  be  indulged  in  the  year  through. 

Melbourne  has  u  number  of  good  stores,  three  churches,  and  a  good 
school,  while  one  of  the  County  High  Schools  is  only  four  miles  away. 

'Melbourne  is  not  a  mnnufncluring  town,  but  a  residence  town  for 
well  to-do  northern  people  who  spend  their  winters  here. 

'  There  are  two  good  Hotels,  and  a  large  new  one  is  being  planned. 
As  there  has  been  no  BOOM  the  prices  of:  lots'  and  aoreage  land 

arc  still  very  reasonable.  • 

Come  and  take  a  look  at  Melbourne,  and  if  yon  like  it  boy  one  of 
otir  lots  and  build  yourself  a  home  where  life  is  easy  and  where  there 
“are  no  coal  bills  to  pay.  ... 

:  For  further  particulars  address  .  .. 

WILLIAM  T.  WELLS,  Melbourne,  Florida, 

Robert  H.  Kane 


Denver,  Oolo.,  Dec.  2d, 1911 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Menlo  Park,  N.  Y.  ^ 

Dear  Sir 


Your  correspondent  in  wr  i  t  in£ 
your  good  will  for  anyone  who  has  an. Idea  a: 
gate  and  exploit  It.  Very  recently  in  the  Audj 
at  a  public  concert,  I  became  lost  ii^U^jigrft  01 
value  of  an  invention  which  would  make  U  Wtrthj^ 
with  ease  all  over  the  building.  My  though^togj. 

Is  there  not  electric  machinery  today  wMch  p<Juld ^ 
for  this  purpose?  We  have  ozone  machines  'fo 
rooms.  Does  purifying  the  air  aid  the  ^  ^ 

Have  we  not  electric  machinery  that  will  pr^duc  ^ 
motion  in  the  air  carrying  sound?  Could  we  ifet  hjjp/a 
nation  of  ideas  that  would  accomplish  the  pujnw&&  MyAc  coming 
over  the  water  acquires  a  sweeter  tone.  Is  Miere^^prinOiple 
there  that  can  be  used? 

In  talking  to  a  friend  he  says: 

"  Write  to  Edison/ 

this  letter. 
I  am, 

Very  truly  yours, 

on/"  Hence 

ours,  n  jn 

The  Hopley  Printing  Co. 



BucYRUs.  Ohio 

Bucyrus,  Ohio,  Dec.  10,  1911 

Thomas  J.  Edison, 

Orange  Now  Jersey.  cy 


Dear  sir:-  Q/U* 

Went  Into  ray  office  tonight  and  it  wan  dark  and  I 
groped  around  in  the  dark  for  the  incandescent. 

Why  could  not  a  very  small  incandescent  he  placed 
on  the  hut  of  an  incandescent  or  on  the  tumh  snap 
you  snap  them  off  and  on  hy  to  hum  constantly  as  a  tell 
tale  so  you  could  locate  them  readily . 

If  the  idea  is  worth  any  thing  uso  it. 

Very  truly  yours, 

The  Hopley  Printing  Co., 
per  J.  w.  H.  Mgr. 

ju~  jr 

(K^jLJLHe^J  *  1  q  1 


Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Articles  (E-11-03) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  requesting  Edison  to  write  articles, 
letters  from  journalists  seeking  to  interview  him,  and  unsolicited 
correspondence  relating  to  articles  about  Edison  or  his  inventions  Several 
items  pertain  to  an  interview  concerning  German  industrial  organization.  The 
correspondents  include  Richard  H.  Edmonds  of  Manufacturers  Record, 
Robert  Underwood  Johnson  of  Century  Magazine',  Roger  W.  Babson  of 
Babson's  Reports',  and  journalists  Edward  Marshall  and  Arthur  B.  Reeve. 

Approximately  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
items  not  selected  include  requests  for  interviews  and  other  routine 
correspondence  regarding  articles  and  interviews. 



yftetttrp-criiiiltt  (Blutr 

jfftftli  Airrmtc&jSijtietlj  Street 

—  '$y.  <£*&**»<-’  ■!‘d  10  19 

’■^-^  /***-*- 

£?c^us»  —  ■ 



OVER  200,000 












106  &  108  Fulton  Street  Bbanc 

New  Y ork,_ Jan.._i4-th35 

Mr.  Thomas  E.  Edison,  d-'- 

Orange,  N.  J.  I 

Dear  Sir:-  \ 

If  it  is  convenient  to  you  re  wish  you  would  favor  us  with  an 
appointment  to  make  some  photographs  of  yourself  in  your  laboratory. 
"The  Business  Magazine"  who  in  their  March  number  are  publishing  an 
interview  you  gave  to  one  of  their  speoial  writers,  are  very  anxious 
to  have  one  or  two  special  photos  to  go  with  the  article,  and  have 
ashed  us  to  try  and  afrlange  with  you  to  get  these  pictures. 

We  have  made  piotures  of  you  some  five  or  six  years  ago  but 
as  they  have  already  been  published  in  papers  all  over  the  country 
we  are  more  than  anxious  to  get  some  new  poses. 

Awaiting  your  early  reply, 

very  ttftftfTjSwhi,  /~\  si 





Yours  sincerely. 

».»».  ......  TO  OO.  |  WEI.LCSLCY  H.tLS.  MASS.  Jan.  2l/ll 

tfc“-  ^  r~“~ 

uO«J2£*^  bU  CX*~>**+  >$// 

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^(LWSW  LU^^"*!  -0  15// 

n|f"G  17® 

Orange  ,N .  J .  WU  —  t|e«v 

Dear  Mr. Edison:-  p-tcJ&*  tfi<«  tS 

You  would  be  interested  to  soe  the 
correspondence  which  I  have  had  relative 
to  the  Gold  Production  article  in  the  2. 
Saturday  Evening  Post.  Most  of  these  j/ 
comments  I  have  thrown  in  the  weste-baskeTf" 
but  the  enclosed  is  a  letter  from  responsible 
people,  and  I  suggest  that  you  read  it  and 
return  it  to  me  with  any  suggestions  that 
you  would  like  to  have  me  write  these  people. 
In  case  you  see  another  interview  in 

fa- 4 


247  West  104  Street, 



V'  a,  , 

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I  y  James  McCarty 

<D  '  ft  y/cArchitect  and  Engineer 


(j)- '''<(/' 

'•  _ i9ll  .. 

ac*-  a <^<UrT^rrin^e^' 

s^vv-tf~Cts-i-~A~  /yr^  ~Z&Ls ■  j^c^yCiv^y  c^,  a— 

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/tOAZX^  /^L-  -fflit--'  /pyrl-d^-cm'O  /OruX^Ca  •  <*—  /Jy^yXX^y^— 

(Pj—  >  /t*  ^  /LC^L^  *f~ 

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(fty^  -JJZ^  - J&<iXcla  r  _ 

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^^y^xUXr-y^. .  a^  <V>tt>vw^  ^  ^ ^  <a_  srrt^cLX- 

/iXcnr^j  /**-  a_  • 


0*-&wX-O  /yyu  ~XJ%L4^s/lr-iX^L.  ~  fcp-zpaXL'  — '  'X^'X^X-a  l/L&c~c<y 

James  McCarty 
(Architect  and  Engineer 

<P.  O.  ‘Box  168 


Hudson  Falls,  &C  Y„  ftWv,  ({  t9t/ 

-ZOi^  A*- 

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,  A^AA^P  O^T~-  /f^idCA 

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d&y  tPu-y  AAu^v**?  <f  /Oon^AyAACZA^'t^ya^  ^  'A^Af 
/4-  /yrisir*^-  'AJ&-*™-'  <*A£A/A£y^  A-^‘A^z  /y^A^e^ 

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jl#~  A&f  /AAAZA™^  A&st^y  /i^AAeA^.  _ 

JA/frUZt'  /L^U 

Roghii  W.  Bauson 

i  /1R  9 

Door  Mr. Edison 

I  herewith  return,  as  per  request, 
the  letter  which  your  secretary  has  sent 
to  me  and  was  much  interested  in  reading 
the  same.  Of  course  I  have  received  a 
number  of  complimentary  letters;  but  have 
not  sent  them  to  you  because  I  do  not  wish 
to  unnecessarily  trouble  you.  '  In  fact,  • 
the  entire  interview  was  splendidly  received, 
and  although  I  do  not  ask  it,  I  should  be 
very  glad  to  have  you  sometime  send  me  notes 
on  another  interview  which  I  could  use. 

I  also  wish  to  take  this  occasion  to 
congratulate  you  on  the  name  of  your  new 
corporation,  namely,  "Thomas  A. Edison, Inc. " . 
Certainly  your  name  is  a  great  asset  and  it 
has  always  seemed  a  shame  to  me  that  it  has 
not  been  used  more  by  your  various  corpo¬ 
rations.  In  fact,  I  have  felt  that  it  was 
a  grout  mistuke  to  have  your  phonograph 
Qompany  called  "The  national  Phonograph  Co." 
as  it  lacked  your  personality,  which  iB 
what  we  all  admire.  With  kindest  regards  to 
Mrs.  Edison  and  yourself,  I  am. 

Very  trulyjj*r!irs , 


J  V 

PSAKA, . I0!'?1..’. . . 4,  ^ 

a  you  to  exousc  ub  for  jvriting  y\ 

Hear  Sir,  \  iM/v  ^ 

With  every  respect  we  implore  you  to  exouse  ub  for  Writing 
to  you  Without  due  regard  to  the  usual  etiquette  ;  observed  on 
those  oocaeionB . ,  and  and  also  for  troubling  you j  by  asking  you 
for  doing  us  a  favour.  ;i 

The  ■  Osaka  Mainlohi  Shimbun  "  (  the  Osaka  Hally  News  )  is 
goin  g  to  celebrate  its  attainment  of  the  ten  thousand  number  on 
the  22nd.  June  this  year.  To  commemorate  the  occasion  wo  are 
going  to  publish  on  that  day  copies  oonsisting^Ioo  pages,  and 
among  other  ootentwwfcs  wo  contemplate  to  reproduce  the .facsimiles 
of  writings  by  celebrated  men  and  women  of  the  World.  It. is  with 
this  view  that  we  venture  to  write  and  ask  you  to  grant  lie  a 
/  favour  by  vour  letter.  However, wo  do  not  dare  to  hoinj.  too,  much. 
II  What  we  deBira  and  shall  be  satisfied  with  will  bo^yisu  signature 
and  ,  if  possible  ,  your  writing  with  it.  If  we  ap.owe<p.  to 
/:.  suggest  ,  however  .  we  should  deem  it  a  great  favour  as  W&fo.  as 
a  great  honour  if  you  would  be  goo  d  enouch  to  vu.'it/e  a  few  words 
by  way  of  congratulating  ub  for  the  oelobration  of; 'the  oooasion; 


pSAKA, . 19  • 

Will  you  allow  us  to  present  you  some  facts  concerning  the"Osaka 
Mainiohi  Shimhun"  7 

-  The  "  Osaka  Mainiohi  Shimhun"  was  established  on  the  lit*. 

February  ,1882. 

-  The  Osaka  Mainiohi  &  Co.  publishes  another  paper  in  Toklo  in 
the  name  of  the  "Tokio  Niohi-Niohi". 

-  The  registered  circulation  on  the  1st. January, I9II  is  218.798. 

(  It  is  a  publicly  admitted  fact  that  the  "Osaka  Mainiohi  Shimbuil 
has  the  largest  oiroulation  in  Japan) 

-  The  "Osaka  Mainiohi  Shimhun"  has  its  speoial  correspondents  in 
the  prlnoiple  capitals  in  Europe  and  Amerioal, 

We  bag  to  send  you  under  another  cover  a  copy  of  the  "Osaka 
Mainichi  Shimhun"  whiohi  will  we  hope  give  you  an  idea  of  the  news¬ 
paper  .  Hoping  you  will  kindly  meet  our  desire  and  thanking  you 
for  your  favour  in  anticipation. 

we  remain  ,  Pear  8ir  , 

Yours  faithfully, 

/  *  k,p  f 


Ow^rcX  1-1 

(yi^e^vvA*4  /^v^»  r 

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'V'«*(ttfH/‘  OVV*.  /^> 

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1  -Tv  **v  *_  syy^9^  «.  ... 


A-j,-  ^4  ecu w  CtZ 

(/v&  (&**■*£ 

I  ara  Very  much  interested  in  your  con¬ 
cluding  remark  in  your. note  of  the  29th  of  march,  that 
you  think  there  is  a  Good  solution  of  a  method  of 
making  buildings  death  proof.  Do  you  moan  to  refer 
to  the  cement  house,  or  is  there  something  else  that 
you  have  in  mind,  and  if  bo  is  it  something  you  could 
describe  in  an  Open  letter  addressed  to  the  Editor 
of  this  magazine?  We  should  certainly  be  very  deeply 
interested  to  have  your  views  on  this  important  queB- 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison:— 

Enclosed  herewith  is  rough  draft  of  article 
which  I  prepared.  Could  I  ask  you  to  soo  if  there  is 
anything  objoctionnble  in  it,  and  could  you  not  have 
your  secretary  send  on  some  photographs  suitable  for 
illustrating  this  sketch?  Have  the  cement  house  but 
want  ooiaething  more  to  make  the  article  as  attractive 
as  possible.  Rsraember  I  have  no  sensitive  bumps  and  any 
alterations  you  make  will  be  greatly  appreciated. 

With  cordial  best  wishes,  bolievo  mo, 

Yours  sincerely, 

JMS: :F 

...  van,  \^OV,t 

l)'Wcett«-i|  C&ejt&V*' 

sJ/UuOiA*  of--7crPah  ^ 

^ . . . -  Cl 

(JS&*-C&i  rOlSUruJL^  <&&0-±O  ._.. 

itfT  Y5“  lU-A't*  Qu&0*{k~~  . 
Ljk  L&  ctt  tu?Ct««v 

ECONOMIC  ENGINEERS  BuolNe.a  Conoitio 


Mr.  Thomas ’A.Edison, 
Orange,  IT.  J. 

Dear  Mr. Edison: - 

Your  suggestions  of  the  12th  received,  and  of  course  in 
our  line  of  normal  growth ,  that  is,  the  line  XY  on  tho  Com¬ 
posite  Plot,  the  population  is  considered  in  the  slope  of 
said  line.  This  means  that  although  the  high  point  in  the 
black  area  on  the  Barometer  scale  for  December  1909  (namely 
70)  was  apparently  higher  than  the  high  point  in  January 
1907,  yet  considering  the  growth  of  the  coiintry,  said  high 
point  in  December  1909  was  not  up  to  January  1907»as  the 
barometer  figure  should  have  stood  at  about  76  instead  of 
70  to  have  equal  conditions. 

I  do .however,  think  it  would  be  well  to  follow  your 
suggestion  and  have  a  table  for  population  on  the  large  desk 
sheet  and  if  it  is  possible  to  make  the  some  up  by  months 

we  will  do  so. 

I  am  very  glad  to  hear  from  you  again  and  I  am  even  now 
receiving  letters  about  the  Saturday  Evening  Post  articles  which 
I  wrote  concerning  you.  Sometime  when  you  again  feel  like  talk¬ 
ing  on  financial  or  economic  subjects ,  I  wish  you  would  be  good 
enough  to  let  me  know  in  order  that  1  can  come  down  and  get 
another  interview.  As  both  Mrs.  Edison  and  you  can  trust  me 
implioitly  not  to  discuss  religious  questions  or  other  personal 
affairs,  I  sincerely  trust  to  hear  from  you  within  a  couple  of 
weeks  and  receive  permission  to  come  down.  With  kindest  regards 


P.S.  You  know  the  Saturday  Evening  Post  now  has  nearly 
three  million  circulation  and  there  are  few  people  whom  it  is 
willing  to  speak  so  favorably  of  as  it  is  of  Thomas  A. Edison. 


BOX  0 


Dear  Sirs 

i^ause  of  JkJwesentHtttws  &. 



Xle  are  seeking  an  expression  of  opinion  from  the  most  eminent  scien¬ 
tists,  writers  and  statesmen  of  America  and  Europe  on  the  following  questions 
Why  is  it  that  Socialism  continues  to  grow  by  leaps  and  bounds  despite  the  fact  that 
it  has  been  An  intellectual  bankrupt  ever  since  Herbert  Sponcor  drew  up  his  unan¬ 
swered  and  unanswerable  indictment  against  it?  What  is  your  explanation  of  this  par¬ 
adox?  •••  In  other  words  what  is  the  alternative  to  the  Socialism  now  threatening 
civilisation  and  how  can  it  be  attained?  Do  you  think,  with  Caime3,  that  scmo  form 
of  profit-sharing  is  that  alternative? 

Agains  our  readers  would  be  glad  to  know  your  opinion  of  tho  attempt  to  harmon¬ 
ise  Socialism  with  the  latost  scientific  thought?  Do  you  think  that  Socialism  can 
find  any  sanction  whatever  in  tho  principles  of  Evolution? 

7/haty  in  your  judgment,  would  be  the  effect  of  Socialism  upon  the  interests  of 
literature  and  art  and  especially  upon  the  interests  of  inventors?  Can  you  oonceivo 
of  an  age  of  groat  invention,  of  great  literary  and  artistic  achievement, under  a 
regime  of  Socialism? 

It  is  quite  superfluous  to  add  that  if  you  do  us  the  honor  to  communicate  your 
views,  your  words  will  bo  read  with  deepest  interest  in  all  countrios. 

"/ill  you  also  honor  U3  by  accepting  the  various  issues  of  our  magazine? 

Thanking  you  in  anticipation,  v/e  remain, 

Faithfully  yours. 

Prof.  Thomas  A  Edison, 
West  Orange,  H.  J. 


The  Anti-Socialist 

A  Monthly  Magazine  Published  at  Washington,  D.  C..U.S.A. 


Our  Indictment  of  Socialism 


Hon.V.L.Borget*,  the  Social  1st  Congressman, condemns  competition.  ij  appears  to  be  an  irreparable  calam¬ 
ity  tliat  Mr.  Berger  was  not  able  to  be  present  at  the  creation.  In  that  case  he  would  probably  have  saved 
the  Creator  Irom  the  mistake  of  building  the  world  on  a  competitive  plan.  Compelled  tooreatothe  world  with, 
out  the  aid  of  the  Bergerian  wisdom,  the  Almighty  employed  tlto  competitive  plan,  tho  Socialist  plan  not 
being  known  to  the  Omniscient  Mind  till  the  recent  Milwaukee  victory.  '‘Competition  is  dead;”  something 
contradicts  thee,  Dr.  Berger;  I  am  afraid  it  is  Nature. 

Monopoly  the  Death,  Competition,  the  Life,  of  Civilization 

Socialists  very  eloquently  tell  us  that  private  monopoly  spells  stagnation  and  social  death.  But,  Dr.  Socialist, 
you  do  not  change  your  indictment  by  changing  your  adjective.  AIT  experience  declares  that  you  can  prove  an 
even  stronger  case  against  public  monopoly. 

Maxims  of  the  “State.”  Showing  Why  It  Fails  in  Commerce 

What  is  everybody’s  business  is  nobody’s  business;  therefore  public  business  is  note 
iWhat  is  everybody’s  profitis  nobody’s  profit;  therefore  we  need  not  look  to  the  m 
Wiiat  is  everybody’s  loss  is  nobody's  loss;  therefore  if  we  lose  a  few  millions,  no 

ariously  neglected. 

Liberty  the  Very  Breath  of  Progress 

public  intermeddles  in  my  private  affairs  its  voice  becomes  the  voic/of  the  devil  himself.  '  **  *  W*ICn 

f  j We  agree  with  the  great  teacher  who  said,  “Progress  in  the  political,  religious  ami  intellectual  evolution 

individual  initiative  and  private  enterprise  arc  the  indispensable  bases  of  an  advancing  civilization.' 

Civilization  will  perish  unless  able  men  arc  allowed  a  free  hand. 

The  True  Formula  of  Political  Freedom 

All  the  great  soldiers  of  Liberty  have  said  that  in  order  to  protect  the  people  against  the  excesses  of  consti¬ 
tuted  authority  there  must  be  a  power  higher  Ilian  government— the  unorganised  force  of  public  opinion.  When 
Socialists  say,  “Don’t  fear  tile  State,  but  be  the  State,"  they  betray  a  portentous  simplicity;  in  assuming  tint 
there  need  be  no  interest  higher  than  the  State  they  contradict  all  the  wisdom  and  all  the  experience  of  those 
who  have  fought  and  died  for  Liberty.  Erskine  truly  says,  “Other  liberties  are  held' under  government,  hut 
the  liberty  of  opinion  keeps  governments  themselves  in  due  subjection  to  their  duties." 

This  is  the  true 'formula  of  freedom:  Where  the  people  fear  the  government  you  have  tyranny;  where  the 
government  fears  the  people  you  have  liberty. 

Socialism  the  Sirocco  of  Civilization 

Arthur  Young  was  well  inspired  when  he  said:  “Give  a  man  the 
turn  it  into  a  garden.”  (This  is  one  of  the  rocks  on  which  Socialism  w 
did  not  tell  the  whole  truth.  The  whole  truth  is  that  the  surest  way  l 
possession  insecure,  to  substitute:  public  interest  for  private  interest,  p 
lective  motive  for  individual -motive.  Socialism  has  over  and  over  ag 
6f  the  world  and  turned  them  into  deserts.  Individualism  makes  the 


Socialism  and  Its  Reign  of 


Spencer  and  Mil|f  Con¬ 
demn  Socialism 

Jefferson’s  Indictment  of 

c  charities,  municipal  corporations,  and  local 
:1s)  were  appointed  and  paid  by  the  government 

done  through  the  burca 
the  bureaucracy  is  real 
.—John  Stuart  Mill. 

iro  ways:  First,  by  lessening  that  portion 

science;.  (i)  Personal  property  an 
use  of  that  property.  (2)  /The  nee 

According  to.  Quesnay, 
the  foundation  of  the 

wealth  of  agriculture,  1 

its  object  not  the  limitatioi 
•  freedom  of  the  individuals 
the  security  of  property  i 
econbmic  order,  indispcn&i 

The  inevitable  effect  of  Socialism  would/  be  to  sacrifice  liberty  on  the 
altar  of  a  procrustean  conception  of  equality . 

In  the  interest ,  therefore ,  of  political  freedom  which  it  violates  and 
derides;  in  the  interest  of  commercial  freedom  which  it  openly  seeks  to 
destroy;  in  the  interest  of  Art  and  Genius  which  it  would  sterilize;  in 
the  interest  of  the  Democratic  principles  ivhich  it  contravenes;  in  the 
interest  of  the  home  which  it  threatens,  Socialism,  must  he  destroyed. 

The  first  number  of  THE  ANTI-SOCIALIST  will  appear 
Oct.  1st.  1911.  Price,  $1.00  a  year;  50  cts.  for  6  months,  50  cts.  for 
5  months.  Foreign  subscribers  may  send  dollar  bills. 

Clubs  of  three,  or  more,  70  cts.  a  year; 


•  It  Second-claw  Rales.  He  who  SUB- 
appeal  to'  our  patrons  to  act  promptly. 


Editor  and  Publisher  of  THE  ANTI-SOCIALIST. 

Box  O,  Sta.  B,  Washington,  D.  C.,  V.  S.  A. 

A  short  time  ago  the  Hew  York  World  published  an 

alleged  interview  with  you  in  regard  to  German  machine  shops. 

manager  of  the  German  edition  Of  the  AMERICAN  MACHINIST 
writes  me  that  this  artiole  has  oreated  a  great  stir  over  there 
and  has  offended  many  machine  shop  proprietors. 

Knowing  as  I  do  that  our  daily  press  frequently  dis¬ 
tort  facts  and  have  often  misquoted  you  in  the  past,  I  assume 
that  the  same  thing  may  have  happened  again.  Will  you  not  per¬ 
mit  me  to  call  upon  you.  discuss  this  matter  of  German  machine 
shops.’  and  prepare  an  article  based  on  this  interview  which  will 
accurately  conVef’  your  opinions  of  German  machine  shops  and  of 
the  German  machine  building  industry.  Such  an  artiole  in  our 
columns  will  have  a  very  wide  circulation  in  Germany  and  will 
reach  the  very  min.who  have  taken  offense  at  the  article  in  the 

I  should  be  very  glad  to  moot  your  convenience  in  re¬ 
gard  to  the  time  for  the  interview. 

.  ihoniaa  a*  lidiaon# 

i’iow  J-ork* 

Jfy.,  0<st*  ieth  1911  /9S 


)ear  fairs- 


Enclosed  herewith  1  beg  to  Land  you  a  eliding  taken  fro*  the 
■okttl-^nzeiger,  a  newpaper  of  wide  circulation  published  in  the  City  of 
•eriin,  Germany.  it  rebate  the  story' of  your  making  defamatory  remarks 
lonoerning  Germany,  remarks  wich  of  course  you  hare  not  made.  I  hare  con- 
tluded  to  set  tide  matter  at  rest  so  far  as  the  German  tress  is  eomerned 
hy  writing  for  publication  in  the  well-known  magazine  "Gattenlaube"  an 
article  dealing  with  this  subject. .The  uartenlaube  ,  published  at  heipzic, 
circulates  throBM*>ut  Germany  and  stands  hogh  in  the  estimation  of  the 
people.  For  the  purpose  of  doing  this  effectirely  i'beg  to  request  of  you 
to  to 'address  me  a  few  lines  denying  the  slurring  remarks  attributed  to 
you  by  unprincipled  writers.  This  letter  1  desire  to  make  the  basis  for  my 
article  and  ,  want  to  reproduce  it  in  facsimile  along  with  it-  All  of  the 
German  papers  so  far  received  by  me  are  repeating  the  story  and  the  high 
regard  in  which  i  hold  you  and  of  whom  all  "merioans  hawe  reason  to  be  . 
proud  promts  me  to  make  an  effort  to  put  a  stop  to  these  wicked  stories- 
our  kindness  will  be  appreciated. 

Le  Anzeiger 



reproducing  derogate:1 

a‘  few.:iilW3  dio&xTov-ing  »uck:Ui 

hy.W:in  getting  '14.  matter/ fo. 

matter/ for  tlie  ».* 

of  emi- hashing  the  n i:rcr:qi;^ohJnythJ rJ 
cor.atruod  as  defamn  t'.;OV^  - ■’ v*i:.-' :  1  5.  ptf' 

»  Lokul-'-r.zoiger  cf  • 

r  your  daughter  and  ; 

aSajpierioan  and  t  erica  n  newspaper  a.  cor,  ci5i;i)i  rig  .your  tjttj  tyu  to.-  :  . 

WS&fo  e^Tndre . rbfutpd  t donb. 

uroeyer,  it  ahull  not  deter  1 



edisoh’s  DAUcrmn  o::  inr.  r/aua. 

Supplementing  our  communications  with  regard  to  ti 

Edison^in  tho  II ew  York  World,  we  have.reooived  from  .the  dauglrfu 
•^lerL'.l’Tr.'Dliaueer.  I  tY  tiie  following  note: 

■  of  tho  i 

Messrs  Editors:  . 

"Whoever  has  known  my  father,  Vr.  Thoans  A  Edison,  Tor  mors  thou  thirty 
years,  as  I  hnve,  knows  very  well  that  it  is  absolutely  impossible  that  he  s;.o»ud  :.uv* 
made  the  statements,  which  are  now  appearing  in  German  newspapers,  lie  has  much 
.  .  .  .toov much  tact  nnd  kindness  of  heart  and  with  his  superior  sentiment o  and  recognised 
wisdom  could  never  ohow  ouch  unthnnkfulneso  towards  land  that  has  honored  him 
so  greatly  and  evinced  such  hospitality.  As  1  accompanied  him  on  almost  the  entire 
v  tripygasv-f ar -as  Dresden,  I  had  constant  opportunity,  twice  daily,  to  sit  •  no>rt_to_  _ 
^h^at^ahls,  so  that  but  little  escaped  me  of  what  he  said  with  regard  to  tho  land- and 
its  people. 'Ao  by  my  raarringo  I  have  become  o  '’err.un,  it  was  especially 
interesting  to  *e  to  loom  what,  impresoiono  my  father  received  of  Grrmny  ,•  u.<. 
scarcely  had  v/o  crossed  tho  boundnry  of  Germany  o' or^ I  bogrr.  .j  pour  innuoe.n'  . 
questions  upon  him,  oo  thnt  I  appeared  to  myself  to  an  almost  repor  t.i .  -  -*<•- 

•  bonfess  to  having  felt  a  fenling  of  happiness  and  satisfaction,  when  ne  sc  roqua..  *y 
praised  my  now  fatherland  and  openly  showed  that  he  was  completely  chanced  with 
^t^'apt'mfy'.'tbe  businoss  industry  and.tiio  ord^r  that  prevailed  In  the  land.  As 

.  .  '  '  H  is  entirely 

.  reporter, 

account,  of  "which  ho  would  know,  would,  appear  in  every  newspaper. 

Ms  nilddodlutterohco  as  to  German  machines  is  would  appear  from  following  foot.  Upo 

.  niitomohile  and  further  declared  tho 

o ur  : separation  at  Dresden,  lio  prcoonted-  me  with  a  not 

IVsh'ould:  choose  from  among  tho  good  German  nachinos,  since  + no  Ai  cri-m:  tc 
■  w  as  rood.  As  a  token  of  his  extraordinary  tactfulness  I  might  further  mention  that, 

tUe1  activity,  the  businoso  industry  ana  tne  oiuy  _ 

J*T"  ho  never ‘expressed  to  ue,  his  family  ,  censure  upon  the  conditions  here.,  H  i 
^^SSKM^t^hV^^ven  such  an  interview  to  a  stranger,. a  rep 


on  our  trip,  wo  passed  through  n  country  where  women,  almost  exclusive^  were 
performing  the  heavier  field  work.  Uy  father  wee  greatly  excited  about  it  and 
often  gave  expression  to  his  discontent  and  spoke  in  sharp  consuro  of  it,  to  us, 
his  own  people.  In  the. .presence,  of  ropOrtero,  however,  ho  nfiror  let.  a  word;  fall  about 
M  this  noint  ,  which  I  con  wlth„sjrj»ty  confirm,  since  I  .  aims et  always'  acted 

^nt'orproter  between  him  and  .gentlenion  who  did  not  speak  'English.  He  was  always 
Singly" ireful  in  his  replies,  so  that  frequently.!  had  to  advise  the  reporters 
that  he  could  give  no  answer  to  this  and  that  question,  as  ho  hud  not  yet  sufficiently 
considered  the  point  in  question.  In  fact  he  wished  absolutely  to  avoid  what  might 
hurt , 

•  Finally,  I  must  somewhat  ease  my  feelings:  I  levs  the  reporters,  especially  the 
Americans,  very  much.  By  their  grace,  I  became  at  the  age  of  four,  a  prodigy,  at 
six  years  I  spoke  four  manages,  at  eighteen,  when  I  became  engaged,  a  picture  of  mo  a 
ysevornl  How  York  papers,  sc  beautiful  that  I  vox*  co^rtoly  delighted.  .Unfortunately  _ 
^tlidhbV  rooemblo  mo  in  the  least.  Their  attachment  and  faithfulness  is  okyl.igh 
above  that  of  my  best  fridnd,  ee  that  I  might  cry.  out,  with  a  groan,  "Dieu  nous 
garde  de  nos  amis"  (Sod  preserve  us  from  our  fricndojThoir  .  devotion  to  duty 
and  .  :  delight  in  work  I  had  frequently  opportunity  to  admire,  on  our  journey, 
especially  when  it  was  poosiblo  for  such  gentlonen  to  send  a  column  long  telegram 
to  their  paporo  in  America,  after  the  day  had  passed  entirely  without  incident  and 
we  had  done  nothing  but  travel  8  hours  in  an  auto,  take:  our  monlo  in  our  private 

■Jem's  end.  retire},  to  bod  in  duo. .Mason.  .Much  indeed  may  bo  explained  in  this  way. 

•  — 

Unrion  Estelle  Oesor,  nod  Bdioon. 

Mr.  Charles  Heumeyer, 

Managing  Editor, 

Louisville  Anzeiger, 

321  West  Green  Street, 
Louisville,  Ky. 

Your  favor  of  the  18th  inst.  was  received, 
together  with  the  clipping  from  the  "Lokal- Anzeiger  . 

It  has  been  a  source  of  great  regret  to  me 
+lmt  I  have  been  misquoted  in  oertnin  newspaper  articles 
published  a  few  weekl  ago.  I  certainly  did  not  make  some 
of  the  remarks  that  were  attributed  to  me,  and  t 

account  for  their  appearance  by  reason  of  3 

ing  on  the  part  of  reporters  as  to  what  I  really  did  Bay. 

The  Germans  as  a  nation  and  as  an  individual 
have  held  a  hiph  place  in  my  estimation  for  many  yearB,  and 
this  favorable^  opinion  was  greatly  strengthened  onPiy^eoent 
visit  abroad.  If  you  will  kindly  read  the 

in  the  Hew  York  Times  of  October  22nd,  you  will  learn  my  real 
views  as  ?o  Germany,  her  people  and  their  enterprise.  I  am 
sure  this  ought  to  set  the  matter  at  rest  in  the  minds  of 
Germans  here  and  everywhere  in  the  worla. 

dr  225  Fifth  Av.,  New  York. 

ftUtllf,-/"  Oct.  28,  1911. 

Mr.  Thome?  A.  Edison,  W .11  (tf%  **f 

West  Orange,  N.  J.  ffct  j= 

Dear  Mr.  Edison,  -|irt  l<w*^  c^/fcV 

I  am  enclosing  the  article  jwj  he  "Oenturyp,^  ^ 
Magnsine"  which  I  have  writte^rf^t  of  the  int  «rvirf?VSS~*  ^ 

Bo  kindly  gave  me  last  Wednesday,  and  which  you  asked  to  read 
over  first,  before  it  is  printed.  1  hope  it  meets  with  your 
approval,  as  I  have  endeavored  to  make  it ^  £!  v 

Perhaps  you  remember  we  spoke  of  detective  stories.  I 
am  enclosing  a  copy  of  one  which  appeared  in  the  Cosmopolitan 
for  November.  I  have  been  running  those ‘craig  Kennedy  stories  for 
over  a  year  now.  In  this  one  I  have  used  the  oxya cetyl one  blow-pipe. 

'  If  it,  interests  you  at  all  I  shall  be  glad  to  send  you  a  copy  of 
my  book  of  "scientific"  detective  stories  which  Dodd,  Mead  will 
issue  shortly. 

Tkftnking  you  again  for  your  kindness,  I  am. 

Very  sincerely  yours 

/xjztz&v 'nfS^- 


r  1“H  tw*,  o-vti  u>^ 

)n  'lev  fcJQ  **J  CL^uvdT- 

■range  NJ  ' \ 'tfrtT  V^vwft/^ oAajSo-^-M 

Munseys  magazine  wants  an  interview  on  what^  is  tne  matter  with  ^ 
America  ?.  Wants  matter  entirely  separate  fro»  that  used,  in  ■  Tirae^"* 
story.  Do  you  care  to -dp  this  witfcin  (the  next  four  days.  Please  wire 
answer  collect  my  house.  ^  . 

„  '•V% 


‘Good-By,  Bill,  and  Good  Luck!” 

upon— Mount  Taco 
Seattle,  he  refer!  . 
press! ve  mount  as  Mount  Rainier.  Wil¬ 
liam  Jennings  Bryan,  on  a  recent  tour  of 


'‘When  I  was  in  Seattlo,"  1 
a  Tacoma  audience,  [“they  si 

tiful  if  not  more  beautiful  than  tht 

(Wild  and  long-continued  applause 

want  to  visit  both  Tt _ 

some  day  and  you  will  like  both  cities 
immensely)  furnished  one  of  the  mosl 
exciting  days  of  the  President’s  toui 
and  demonstrated  the  latter-day  useful' 
ness,  utility  and  resourcefulness  of  th< 
modern  automobile.  President  Taft  anc 
his  entire  party,  with  an  escort  oi 
Tacoma  people,  were  taken  six  thousand 
feet  up  the  mountain  to  the  foot  of  the 
glacier  fields  and  to  the  lower  reaches  of 

the  line  of  perpetual  -  Ti - 

rather  late  in  the  seas 

tion.  It  required  fourteen  big  cars  U 
carry  the  party.  At  one  place,  near  the 
end  of  the  climb',  the  road  became  a  per 
feet  quagmire.  The  first  two  or  thre< 

layed  until  after  nightfall.  Searchlights 
indeed,  -  a  picturesque  procession  that  | 

sigh  teen  inches  of  precipices  where 
irop  sometimes  ranged  ^from  one  th 

were  exceedingly  narrow  in  places, 
the  President  had  been  taken  far  ab 
the  ordinary  objective  point  of 
tourist  and  the  road  had  been  plan 
for  light-wagon  traffic  only.  In  a  way 
it  was  an  extremely  hazardous  trip. 
Everything  was  safe  enough,  provided 
;  nothing  happened.  The  people  of  Ta¬ 
coma,  forgiving  this  unique  ^experience 

nobilo,  and  the  results  showed  that 
hoy  were  not  misguided.  There  was  no 
nishap  of  any  sort.  Steering  gears  held 
rue,  tires  were  on  their  good  behavior, 
ind  in  every  sense  of  the  word  the 

itanchness  and* reliability.  j 

President  Taft  enjoyed  the  trip  hugely  | 

displayed  by  some  members  of  his  party. 
There  was  much  speculation  as  to  what 
would  happen  if  one  of  the^  machines 

nervousness  was  allayed  when  Wendell 
Mischler,  of  the  White  House  staff,  of- 

that  “at  least"  it  would 

throughout  the  country.  Visits  to 
breakfasts  at  country  clubs  have  be 
feature  of  the  President’s  trip. 

Taft  was  not  invite 

time  that  Mr.  Taft  has  scarcely  vi 

a  city  that  did  not  boast  a  pretty  L . 

club  house  and  fine  golf  links.  Mr.  Taft 
has  not  had  time  to  think  much  about 
golf  on  this  swing,  much  less  to  plaj 
any.  But  the  growth  in  popularity  of  the 
game  has  impressed  him  wonderfully. 

the  United  States,  President  Toft  has 

— - - posts  along  the  route  of  I 

- 1  out  in  Washington. 

ny  flog,  bearing  the 
great  seal  of  the  United  States  on  c 
of  red,  has  been  carried  along, 
wherever  the  regular  troops  have 
the  President  with  an  escort,  tht  — „ 
has  followed  his  automobile.  Mr.  Taft 
has  reviewed  many  thousands  of  soldier  1 
on  hiB  tour.  He  has  a  peculiar  interes 
in  the  army,  having  been  thrown  in  clos 
contact  with  it  in  the  Philippines  and  a 
Secretory  of  War. 

“I  knew  you  in  the  Philippines,  Mr 

in  porter  assigned 
j’s  car.  He  belor 
)f  porters,  with  mi 

:  wild  and 
the  train 

_ r  _ t.klWhen 

the  train  got  to  Pocatello,  Ida.,  the  home 
if  the  Blackfoot  Indians,  Freeman  really 
lid  seo  somo  of  tho  red  men. 

“I  started  to  get  off  do  train  jes  a 
ninute  ago,"  ho  explained,  “but  two  of 
hem  old  fellows  looked  at  me  so  hard  I 

e  itinerary  mapped  ou 

(dent,  wi 

ut’s  trip  of 

shoot  you  right  in 

,11  of  the  eye 

rd  that  when  they  held  a  train  up  in 
West  they  always  shot  the  Pullman 
porter  first,  so  he  wouldn't  sleep  a  wink 
it  night  unless  some  one  was  on  guard. 
“Ise scared  all  right,"  Freeman  often 

ook’outUfor  me?Wiyf°d^e  gets  "after  me 
:oo  hard,  I'm  goin'  into  Pres’dent  Taff's 
:ar,  and  dey  can't  git  me  in  there,  for 
lat’s  the  United  States." 

Mexico,  where  there  were  sure-enc 
bad  men,  before  the  trip  was  ended. 

“You  wouldn't  tnke  a  sick  r 
would  you?"  asked  Freeman  pathi 
ally.  “ 'Cause— 'cause  I’m  gettin 



The  Public  Forum 


ma^  now 

In  intent  though 
many  of  them  be,  and  it  will  be  found 
that  they  all  Involve  the  continued  ex- 

Lot  the  big  businesses  combine  in  all  the 
vays  they  want;  push  the  money  out 
jnd  build  factories  and  railroads.  When 
the  captains  of  industry  moke  money, 

j  mid  which  has  'heightened  [itself  by  fif-  j 

i  that  this  is  the  ogo  of  tho  youn 
a.  The  assertion  is  false.  This  i 

_ _ the  ago  of  the  young  man.  It  is  th 

age  of  the  prepared  man. 

not  doubtful.  Capital  is 

shausted  and 
ivo  vanishes, 
refuse  work, 
i  the  State  as 

plied  witffmlthe  milk  he  may  w2ht 
deftrtffely.  Labor  suffers  in  the  end. 


Thomas  A.  Edhun. 

THE  German  government  permit 
tho  formation  of  price  pools  tha 

Under  this  system,  to  which  there  is  si 
much  opposition  here,  every  one  is  bus; 
and  tho  whole  country  is  prosperous 
There  is  a  screw  loose  in  our  reasoninj 
about  trusts.  The  advantages  of  trust 
are  very  great.  Take  tho  Standard  Oi 
Company,  for  exumple.  Put  all  th 
small  companies  buck  into  the  state  ii 
which  they  were  when  they  were  bough 
up,  and  what  would  you  have?  Fifty 

.._tural  resources,  and  when  Con- 
i  gress  can  get  its  head  above  the  foam  of 

ime  constructive  legislation  thal 
ence  the  agitator  and  the  fanatic 
rmit  the  country  to  go  on  wit! 
d  legitimate  development.  There  | 
ing  gained  in  undertaking  to  s 
tural  resources  for  posterity 

tions  so  that  posterity  can  en 
n  the  light  of  republican  libel 


’through  national  agencies  and  maintc 
ihg  a  system  of  nationat  landlordism 
-ntagonistic  to  the  fundamental  law  u..« 
conflict  with  the  expressed  opinion  of 
e  Supreme  Court. 

President  Denton,  University  ot  Vermont. 
kNE  OF  the  greatest  crimes  of  mod- 
I  —  - ifl  tjjat  0f  educational 


lectually  man  is  an  infant,  ■_ 
should  be,  until  the  age  of  twenty* 
A  prolonged  infancy  means  a  pro¬ 

ds  of  thought  to-day 

checked.  The  people 
“itributory  law  againai  uwna^i  u..u 
iagnate.  Strong-arm  methods  toward 
great  corporations  are  in  full  operation 
in  nation  and  in  ^tate.  Commercially 
speaking,  our  times  are  out  of  joint. 
Likewise  our  politics.  The  people’s 
legislators  long  since  lost  the  people’s 

Their  judges  even  are 

MAKING  AN  HONEST  $1,000,000. 

A  MAN  can  make"$i,000,000  and 
make  it  honestly  if  he  has  cour¬ 
age  and  aptitude.  Those  who 
make  $1,000,000  dishonestly  and 
fail  think  that  nobody  can  make  it  hon- 

Dgrnpher.  It  may  not 

that,  but  that  is  the  price  that  Phil 
Armour  paid  to  have  his  name  written 
in  high  places  in  every  nation  on  the 
globe,  and  you  can  be  sure  that  there  are 
— 1 - tin  counters  for  such  goods.  Baae- 

i  of  the  country  than  is  business. 

•E  IS  the  best  conservationist  who 


threatened  with  r 

rightfully  gain  the  power  to  nominate 
*’  ’r  public  servants. 


NO  LOAFERS  should  be  permitted 
to  come  to  college.  Too  man> 
i  just  for  the  social  life  and  athletics 

socially  of  a  col- 1 
loafer's  regard  for 
|nothlngwbut  the  athletic  side  of  col¬ 
lege  life  is  injuring  everybody.  Hun¬ 
dreds  of  young  men  are  ruined  annually 
bv  four  years  of  dallying  at  college. 
These  loafers  write  home  and  tell  their 

it  the  dallying  habits  formed  in  t  , 
ng  to  them  and  they  dally  through 
e  and  accomplish  little. 

[  necessities 
burdens  of 
that  each  n 
task  of  dit 

the  thing  that  will  light  and  hca 

away.  The  leading  socialists  of  to-day 
are  Christian  In  spirit  and  purpose. 
Christian  socialism  demands  a  change  in 
modem  conditions,  which  are  nothing 

The  Ghri§tia^  Herald 

November  20,  1911. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  How  Jersey. 

Dear  Ur.  Edison: 

Somotimo  ego  I  wrote  you  asking  for 
an  interview,  which  your  secretary  stated  you  would  bo 
kind  enough  to  grant. 

I  would  much  appreciate  an  appointment 
sometime  next  week  most  convenient  to  you,  when  I 
could  cull  upon  you  for  a  short  talk  upon  a  subjoct 
which  I  am  quite  sure  will  be  interesting  to  you.  Your 
secretary  wrote  that  you  will  be  glad  to,  300  mo  at  any 
time,  but  knowing  how  busy  you  are,  I  would  rather  come 
at  your  convenience.  If  you  ore  too  busy  this  week, 
then  the  week  following  will  do.  s 

Yours  sincerely. 


Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison 
My  dear  Mr.  Edison: 

N.  J. 


, _ 

Talking  (J^t^evening  with  Mr.  Geo. 

Parkins  he  referred  to  some  very  interesting  statements  you 
had  made  to  him  lately  about  the  great  prosperity  in  Germany 
and  tho  progress  of  the  industrial  interests  of  that  country 
as  you  saw  the  situation.  .1  said  to  Mr.  Perkins  that  I 
thought  that  it  would  do  our  country  great  good  if  you  would 
give  me  for  publication  in  the  shape  of  an  interview  or  special 
article,  an  elaboration  of  these  points.  •  I  should  greatly 
appreciate  being  favored  in  this  way.  I  think  such  an  article 
as  this  would  command  the  widest  attention  and  awaken  our  own 
people  to  a  realization  of  the  fact  of  how  too  much  radical 
legislation  has  halted  our  industrial  development,  while 
Germany  and  for  that  matter  other  iron-making  countries  are 
enjoying  great  prosperity. 

Hoping  that  this  may  have  your  favorable  consider¬ 
ation,  I  am. 

Very  truly  yours. 






Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

130  lakeside  Ave., 
Orange,  N.  J. 

We  are  in  receipt  this  morning  of  your 
article  for  our  Christmas  number,  on  "Klaotrio  de¬ 
livery  Wagons".  It  is  a  very  interesting  and  pra< 
tical  article  which  will  he  read  with  interest  by 
the  trade. 

We  highly  appreciate  your  courtesy  and  w 
are  glad  to  have  you  with  us.  The  writer  believe 
that  vour  electric  application  could  be  applied  to 
light" buggies.  to  the  great  profit  of  the  manufact 
ers  and  great  benefit  of  users. 

I  expect  to  be  in  Newark  next  week  and 
would  like  very'  much  to  have  a  personal  interview 
with  vou  on  this  subject,  as  I  have  given  it  con¬ 
siderable  thought,  and  have  for  years  been  in  clos 
touch  v/ith  the  largest  manufacturers  of  buggies  in 
the  Country.  I  will  first  apply  to  your  Mr.  Nell 
and  if  you  will  kindly  instruct  him  to  grant  me  an 
audience  I  will  greatly  appreciate  it. 

Mr.  H.  F.  Millar, 

Secretary  to  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

.  Orange,  K.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Reforring  to  talophona  conversation  a  moment  ago. 

it  will  afford  mo  pleasure  to  coll  on  Mr.  Edison  at  four 
o'clock  Tuesday  afternoon,  this  being  the  hour  X  understood 
you  to  name. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Oran go,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sirs- 

Rof erring  to  my  telegram  of  last  nights  I  onolosa 
a  re-written  int3rviow  based  on  our  talk  of  Tuesday  afternoon. 
In  order  to  round  out  the  interview  I  have  put  into  it  somo 
things  which  would  seem  to  follow  as  a  corollary  of  the 
things  that  you  said. 

I  will  much  appreciate  it  if  you  will  revise  this 
article,  add  to  or  subtract  from,  as  you  may  dssira.  There 
are  two  or  three  points,  as  indicated,  which  I  hope  you  will 
feel  inclined  to  elaborate. 

I  shall  greatly  appreciate  it  if  I  can  receive 
the  corrected  manuscript  by  Friday  evening  or  Saturday 
morning.  I  enclose  special  delivery  stamp  for  return. 

Deo.  8th,  1911 

Mr.  Riohard  H.  Edmonds, 

Editor,  Manufacturers  Record , 

Baltimore,  Md.  , 

Dear  Sir:- 

Your  favor  of  the  8th  instant,  with  rewritten 
interview,  has  been  received.  I  am  sorry  that  this  natter, 
was  not  done  in  the  regular  way  and  more  time  allowed,  for 
I  cannot  go  over  this  interview  .to-day  as  my  time  is  so  fully 
oocupied  with  many  matters,  and  I  shall  he  huBy  all  after¬ 
noon  with  100  visiting  members  of  the  American  Society  of 
Heohanioal  Engineers  who  are.  coming.  ?tb  the  laboratory 

She  artiole  which  I  mailed  to  you  last  night 
was  read  by  me  and  a  few  trifling  corrections  made.  It 
was  all  right,  but  I  have  not  had  time  to  read  the  one 
which  is  now  returned  to  you  herewith.  The  only  thing  I 
have  done  is  to  answer  your -questions  on  pages  4  and  5. 

Yours  very  truly. 

I'ncztic,  ft-  I'Uffe. 


Mr.  Edison* 

<^Tour  plan  Basics  the  protection  of  tho  producer. 
How  would,  you  prevent  the  producers,  in  this  co-operative 
system,  from  combining  to  advance  prices  to  such  a  figure 
as  to  injure  the  consumer?  *hat  have  yau  to  suggest  as 
a  protection  to  the  consumer  while  protecting  the  producer? 



4  O'3*  V  ^ 

__ _ fr-  0  e-c^— 

*r"  v> 

>  J  M-"  ‘fl 


Mr.  Edisonj 

^  V  J  Jl&Z&L  siva  Boma  details  about  the  working  of 
the  *  contract  of  the  gas  and  coke  company  of  London  to 
which  you  reforrad. 


ttf  f 

W  edited  By  W.  T.  STEAD.® 


*=J.tme£em/.  WC. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. 
West. Orange, 

New  Jersey 


CfW  «  ,« 

DedV'lSth.  1911 

In  the  Christmas  number  of  the  "Strand  Magazine"  your 
name  has  been  selected  as  one  of  the  ten  greatest  men  now  living 
I  am  conducting  an  inquiry,  which  was  suggested  lay  Mr  Andrew 
Carnegie,  as  to  who  are  the  twenty  greatest  men  who  have  ever 
lived.  It  would  be  interesting  to  know  who,,  ih  the  estimation 
of  the  greatest  men  now  living,  are  the  greatest  men  who  have 
ever  lived.  Might  I  ask  you,  if  you  can  spare  a  moment  of 
time,  to  be  good  enough  to  fill  in  the  enclosed  list  and  return  tt 
to  me  T 

I  have  the  honour  to  be. 

Your  obedient  servant, 



.  Who 

i.  Shakespeare, 
s.  Morton,  discoverer  of  ether. 

3.  Jenner,' discoverer  of  vaccination. 

4.  Neilson,  inventor  of  hot  blast  in  manufacture  of 


fi.  Burns,  the  Scotch  poet. 

7.  Gutenberg,  inventor  of  printing. 

8.  Edison,  applier  of  electricity. 

9.  Siemens,  inventor  of  water  meter. 

10.  Bessemer,  inventor  of  steel  process. 

11.  Mushct,  inventor  of  steel  process, 
ra.  Columbus. 

13.  Watt,  improvement  on  steam  engine. 

14.  Bell,  inventor  of  telephone. 

15.  Arkwright,  inventor  of  cotton-spinning  machinery. 

16.  Franklin,  discoverer  of  electricity. 

17.  Murdock,  first  to  employ  coal  as  illuminant. 

18.  Hargreaves,  inventor  of  spinning  jenny. 

19.  Stephenson,  inventor  of  locomotive. 

20.  Symington,  inventor  of  rotary  engine. 

are  the  Twenty  Greatest  Men  ? 


I.  Moses,  early  theocratic  civilisation. 

а.  Homer,  ancient  poetry. 

3.  Aristotle,  ancient  philosophy. 

4.  Archimedes,  ancient  science. 

5.  Julius  Crnsar,  the  Roman  Empire. 

б.  St.  Paul,  Apostle  of  Christianity. 

7.  Charlemagne,  founder  of  European  State  System. 

8.  Dante,  father  of  modern  poetry. 

9.  Gutenberg,  inventor  of  typography. 

10.  Shakespeare,  greatest  of  modem  pools. 

II.  Columbus,  discoverer  of  the  American  world. 

1  a.  William  the  Silent,  founder  of  Holland. 

13.  Richelieu,  founder  of  modern  Fiance. 

14.  Frederic  the  Grcal,  founder  of  Prussian  State. 

15.  Newton,  founder  of.  modern  astronomy  and 

16.  Franklin,  discoverer  of  electric  forces. 

17.  Watt,  inventor  or  steam-power  machines. 

18.  Stephenson,  inventor  or  locomotive. 

19.  Darwin,  founder  of  new  science. 

30.  Comte,  founder  of  the  Positive  Philosophy. 

8  Spruce  Street,  NEW  YORK, 

December  14th,  1911. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Bast  Orange, 


Bear  Siri- 

Enoloaed  editorial  1b  from  our  ismie 

of  to-day. 


The  Representative  E 

ss  Neivspapcr  of  the  United  States, 




Scientific  American 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq 
Orange,  N.  J. 
Dear  Sir: 

In  confirming  the  conversa— 

tion  held  over  the  telephone  with  your 
rosentative,  v;e  beg  to  inform  you  that .we/have 
no  objection  to  the  reproduction  of  the^l^tor- 
'  view  with  you,  published  in  a  recent  issue  of 
the  Scientific  American,  in  the  German  publica¬ 
tion  to  which  you  refer,  provided  credit  be 
given  to  the  Scientific  American. 

Very  truly  yours, 




JBrunittlik  JSullSinB 

225  fifth  avenue 

u  V' 


c ,  /*, 

DEC  .1.8  ,91  i 




ytM/tMMTtfa o.  20/ll. 

/  %»+*** 

Mr  J  Thomas  A.  Sdison, 

7  '  '  •■  •  ■  fit 

j  Orange,  N.  J. 

D^ar  Sir«- 

I  Enclosed  are  a  few  newspaper  clippings  discussing 

your  recent  interview  with  Mr.  Kdmonds,  which  we  trust  you 
may  find  of  interest  as  showing  how  widely  your  interview 
has  claimed  the  attention  of  newspapers  throughout  the 


Very  truly  yours. 


P.  S.— We  understand  that  the  newspaper  correspondent, 
"Holland,"  has  made  your  interview  a  feature  for  his  news¬ 
paper  letter  today. 

ss^iia wtti 

Ibfy^-r)  T'^ - 

1^)  CXV^*  W^TYlj,  oufcf  K^«  a<mt)C(><rrvo  ryo-<4, 

Qjui&Jk  cM^./ajLAi&r.cdl  Irko-v^tt^oL  ei^ili** 

l  — -  «  wWv  F&» 

fti4/  W***  <!»>»■«*  of  ■w*^*  pAOf<1/r 

_ Qjfi£X< _ tAVtr1  ec^co^  — * 



Phono  6220  Main 



Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Autograph  and  Photograph  Requests  (E-11-04) 

This  folder  contains  requests  for  Edison's  autograph  or  photograph. 
Included  are  letters  from  William  S.  Andrews  of  the  General  Electric  Co., 
concerning  a  photograph  co-signed  by  Edison  and  Charles  Steinmetz.  There 
is  also  mention  of  Steinmetz's  visit  to  the  West  Orange  laboratory.  Other 
correspondents  include  Emil  Rathenau  of  Allgemeine  Elektricitats- 
Gesellschaft,  portraitist  H.P.  Hansen,  and  politician  and  diplomat  Myron  T. 

Approximately  20  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
items  not  selected  consist  primarily  of  letters  from  autograph  collectors  and 
from  newspapers  or  periodicals. 



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Vt^  A=X- 

Schenectady ,  H.Y.,  18 »  18H» 

Mr,  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J.  JAN  ‘-0  1911 

My  dear  Hr.  Edison, - 

X  "beg  to  thank  you  very  much  for  kindly  putting  your 
autograph  on  the  photograph  I  sent  you,  and  which  I  received 
hack  this  morning  in  good  condition  through  the  kindness  of  your 
Mr.  H.  E.  Miller. 

With  host  wishes, 


Schenectady,  IJ.Y. ,  Jan,  19,  1911, 

Mr.  E.  ]?.  Miller,  Secretary, 

The  Edison  laboratory. 

Orange,  D.  J. 

My  dear  Mr,  Miller, - 

X  beg  to  thank  you  very  much  for  your  favor  of  the  17th 
inst.  and  also  for  the  photograph  with  Mr.  Edison's  autograph, 
which  came  safe  to  hand  this  morning,  I  am  very  much  obliged 
to  you  indeed  for  your  kind  services  in  this  connection,  and 
remain , 

Your3  very  truly. 



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w.  19‘i  St.cor.  5!i?Ave. 

New  York  Jan. 


colIer’s  WEEKLY 


Mr.  ThomaB  A.  Edison, 

East  Orange,  5.  J. 

Dear  ?irj-  W  i 

Oar  attention  has  been  called v 
to  a  photograph  which  appeared  in  the 
Cleveland  leader,  Sunday.  fov.20th, 
clipping  of  whioh  we  herewith  enolOBe 

1  la  it  poo  Bible  for  ua  to  Be- 

oure  from  you  a  oopy  of  thiB  photograph? 
We  will  make  a  negative  of  it  and  re¬ 
turn  it  to  you  in  good  order. 

We  have  had  many  requests  for 
suoh  a  photograph  of  Mr.  Edison  and  pic¬ 
tures  o?  hie  b&th  place  and  if  you  can 
help  us  out  we  will  consider  it  a  great 

Kindly  return  the  dipping. 


Sinoerely  yours, 





:nehal  electric  co.,  fit  ,Vi  » £{  ' ' 

3oc:r^“  \K'A} 

My  dear  Mr  Edison: 

Mr  Myron  IP.Herrlc] 
governor  of  Ohio  and  a  personal  a/id\ 
friend  of  Mr  Coffin  for  very  mtpjpyi 




in  calling  upon  Mr  Coffin  to^V.aM  Happen¬ 
ing  to  s  ee  your  piotune  in  the  offtee  ( (we 
have  only  three  of  them  nowi ! i ) )  asked  me 
if  I  would  not  write  you, and  remind  you  that 
he  had  had  the  pleasure  of  meeting  you  sev¬ 

eral  times,  is  a  great  admirer  of  you*, and 
& Jlu> 

would  be  especially  gratified  if  he  could, a*- 

av,  have  one  of  your  photos ,  with  your  auto¬ 
graph  upon  it — one  of  those  "serious-minded" 
effeots,you  know— for  his  new  library  in  his 
j  Cleveland  hojfae.  Now  what  oan  1  tell  him? 

All  your  piotures  are  good, but  you  oan  probabl; 
tell  the  one  you'd  rather  he  $ho$.d  h»ve* 

_  -e%h 


March  9th. 

H  F  Miller,  Esq.  , 


Dear  Sir: 

Your  note  of  the  28th  ult.  ."followed  a 
day  or  two  later  by  l!r  Edison* b  autographed  photo, 
ha^fe  been  received,  and  Gov.Herrick  is  very  much 
pleased  to  have  this  and  will  personally^ck- 
nowledge  to  Mr  Edison.  He  also  wishes  to  thank 
you  for  your  courtesy  in  the  matter. 

Myron  t  Herrick 

Ur.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

%  ,4  r 

West  Orange,  N.  J«,  '  ;&// 

y  dear  Ur.  Edison: 

On  my  return  home  today  from  Hew 
York  I  find  an  excellent  and  very  characteristic  photograph 
of  you  with  your  autograph.  I  sincerely  appreciate  your 
kindness  in  letting  mo  have  it. 

I  have  the  photographs  of  many  prominent  men  in 
my  library,  but  of  them  all  I  am  sure  that  my  little  grandson 
—  who  is  named  after  me,  will  inherit  the  one  of  you  as  that 
of  the  man  who  contributed  most  to  the  comfort  and  happiness 
of  his  fellow  men.  I  am  sure  that  there  is  nothing  that  I 
can  leave  him  that  ho  will  prize  more  highly  than  the 
photograph  of  you. 

I  shall  never  forget  the  afternoon  that  I  spent  _ 
with  you  in  your  laboratory!  and  I  shall,  always  renumber  with 
what  intense  interest  1  listened  to  your  account  of  the 
invent). on  of  the  phonograph,  and  to  your  tolling  of  the  first 
words  that  you  spoke  into  the  machine,  "Mary  had  a  little 
lamb,  etc".  I  have  put  this  Incident  down  as  one  of  the 
things  that  I  shall  relate  should  I  ever  make  a  record  of  my 

I  well  recollect  the  luncheon  that  we  had 

together  at  Hr.  Coffin' b,  and  your  reply  to  my  question 
of  him  as  to  the  money  making  feature  of  the  phono¬ 
graph  —  you  said  that  they  thought  there  was  no  money 
in  it,  and,  therefore,  let  you  keep  it. 

A  number  of  years  ago,  before  I  met  you,  in 
going  over  the  Wheeling  4  Lake  Erie  Railroad,  as  one 
of  the  officers  of  the  road,  your  little  home  at  Milan, 
Ohio  van  pointed  out  to  me.  I  was  very  much  interested 
in  seeing  the  place  where  you  Bpent  your  oarly  boyhood. 

I  sincerely  hope  that  you  have  many  years  of 
usefulness  nnd-happinage  before  you. 


. 17  th.  Go  t  .  .1911 


My  dear  Mr.  Edison: - 

I  have  just  received  from  Mr. 
Bergmann  the  very  fine  portrait  of 
yourself  which  you  have  so  kindly 
furnished  with  your  autograph. 

This  souvenir  portrait  has 
given  me  very  great  pleasure  indeed, 
and  X  heg  you,  my  dear  Mr.  Edison  to 
accept  my  sincerest  thanks  for  same. 
V/ith  kindest  regards 
Believe  me. 

Yours  cordially 


Dear  Mr. 


As  yon  will  note,  I  am  connected  with  the  Detroit  El- 
eotrio  in  Chicago  and  have  had  the  pleasure  of  selling  quite  a 
number  of  Edison  batteries  in  Detroit  Electrics  in  and  out  of 
this  oity. 

Several  years  ago  X  had  a  position  as  Page  in  the  House 
of  Representatives  in  Washington  at  which  time  X  had  an  opportun¬ 
ity  of  semiring  signatures  of  quite  a  large  number  of  very  prom¬ 
inent  men  both  in  this  country  and  abroad  which  have  been  put  to¬ 
gether  into  an  Autograph  Album. 

For  some  time  pad;  I  thought  of  writing  you  to  request 
you  to  give  me  your  Autograph  whioh  X  should  like  to  add  to  my 
present  collection.  Undoubtedly  you  have  a  great  many  of  these 
inquiries  but  I  thought  perhaps  you  might  he  willing  to  favor  me 
under  the  circumstances. 

I  wish  to  state  that  the  Edison  batteries  which  I  have 
had  the  pleasure  of  selling  here  have  given  excellent  satisfac¬ 
tion  and  the  set  of  40  oell  A6  Edison  batteries  whioh  I  have 
been  using  in  my  demonstratiig car  have  travelled  over  25,000  miles. 
At  the  present  time  I  oan  call  upon  the  batteries  for  in  the 
neighborhood  of  300  ampere  hours  at  any  time  X  wish.  I  have  got¬ 
ten  as  high  as  308  ampere  hours  from  this  battery.  To  say  I  am 
well  pleased  is  putting  it  very  raiiaiy  as  X  have  had  a  great  deal 
or  experience  with  the  lead  formation  for  the  past  eight  years. 

Thanking  you  in  advance  for  e 
wish  to  extend,  I  beg  to  retrain 

r  favor  whioh  you  might 

tel*  .  S 

*2T  ClL*o<A  f 

^OU  UsU^e_j 


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Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Automobile  (E-11-05) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
automobiles  and  the  use  of  storage  batteries  in  electric  vehicles.  Many  of  the 
items  for  1911  are  unsolicited  requests  for  Edison's  advice  and  assistance. 
There  are  also  several  letters  pertaining  to  automobiles  owned  by  Edison  and 
his  family.  The  correspondents  include  William  C.  Anderson  of  the  Anderson 
Carriage  Co.,  A.  H.  Charles  Dailey  of  the  Electric  Carriage  &  Battery  Co.,  A. 
T.  Smith  of  the  Packard  Motor  Car  Co.,  and  representatives  of  the  Simplex 
Automobile  Co. 

Less  than  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
unselected  material  consists  primarily  of  promotional  items  and  unsolicited 

^eoi^tay  0?a/Amcl 


yMaCO'itfyfU Jany  30  th  1911 

Mr  Thos. 


3?  puno-tiure^proo^ 

Orange.  N.J,  Dear  Sir:-  ,,  .  , 

wtUA'«’vVf  w 

I  have  an  idea  of  a  punctjurevproo3 
Automobile  tire  that  I  would  like  very  much  for  you  to  eeoure  patents 
etc  on  .  I  am  a  rate  cleric  in  a  railroad  office  and  perhaps  know  more 
about  rates  than  I  do  about  automobiles  ,  1  have  no  oapitol  or  am  not 
financially  able  to  put  my  idea  through  so  am  sending  it  to  ypu  for 
your  opinion  and  to  see  if  you  will  take  the  idea  and  get  something 
out  of  it,  I  do  not  expeot  much  you  can  make  your  uwn  terms  anything 
will  do  me. 

My  idea. is  to  put  inside  an  auto  tire  or  shoe  a  steel'  rim  stretched  agaAst 
the  inside  tight, this  rim  I  believe  should  be  coated  with  rubber  to  make  jT 
it  resiliant  the  tire  must  first  be  securely  fastened  with  bolts  or  in 
some  way  to  the  wooden  rim  of  wheel  ,  I  am  sending  a  sketch  enclosed 
A  is  rim  of  wheel 
B  is  tire  ' 

C  is  steel  rim  (  ink  Line) 

D  is  coat  of  rubber  (  red  linej 
B  is  screw  for  tightning  steel  rim  against  tire 

Rim  will  have  to  be  oval  so  as  to  shape  tire  thus  (  ) 

Trusting  that  you  will  give  this  your  personal  investigation  and  hopeing 

that  you  will  be  able  to  make  something  out  of  it,  for  if  1  understand  t 
•the  auto  trouble  right  they  are  badly  in  need  of  a  puncture  proof  tire. 

Please  let  me  hear  from  you  aB  early  as  possible 

Yours  Truly 







Feb.  10,  1911. 


Thomas  A.  Edii 


Ik*,  Jr  u  ^ 

Dear  Hr 

^6Pe-  t*  C«W~|'<1"*  T" 

3L  «»#** 

y  ikzZQcc* 

•  WUtm^Sf^ 

Would  It  be  possible  -busjp»us.e 
on  automobile  horn  in  the  nature  of  a  phonograph,  <y 
that  is,  have  An  indistruc table  cylinder  or  disk, /  co¬ 
upon  which  say  for  instance,  you  could  put  the  u 

word  "  Packard",  so  that  when  the  horn  vms  bro't 
into  service  it  would  shout  "  Packard"  •  ThiB 
same  kind  of  a  horn  oould  be  placed  on  a  Peerless 
and  shout  "Peerless",  or  on  the  Pierce  Arrow,  and  spy 
"  Pierce  Arrow"  •  Would  it  be  possible  to  make 
the  cylinders  interchangeable,  have  for  instance 
a  talking  cylinder  to  shout  "  Packard",  or  a 
whistling  cylinder,  etc. 

This  idea  came  to  me  while  listen¬ 
ing  to  the  conversation  of  several  supply  men 
in  the  Ponchatrain  hotel  at  Detroit,  Mioh.  I  _ 
believe  that  such  a  device  would  meet  with  great 
favor,  providing  that  the  emission  of  sound 
would  be  in  proportion  to  the  need  of  same. 

Will  you  think  this  matter  over 
and  let  me  know  if  such  an  arrangement  could  be 
made?  Hoping  you  will  have  time  to  take 
this  matter  up,  I  remain. 



.  .  .  Youj  wry  kind  letter  of  the  I  V 

17th.  lo  before  me,  and  I  notloe  your  romarka  In  L' 

regard  to  the  inventor  of  the  Klaxon  horn.  , 

...  .  ’  •  whan  I  was  in  Detroit  Monday;1  Fob.  1/*^ 

6th.,  I.  met  Mr.  W.O.  Turner,  Secretary  of  the-  ■  \  / 

■Lovell-MoOonnell  Mf'g.  Co.,  of  Hewark,  N.J.,  ’and  ' J 
suggoBted  to  Mr.  Eurner  that  such  a  horn  oould  be 
made,  and  become  a  great  commercial  suoooes.  Ho 
8 aid  that  he  would  take  it  up  with  hio  people  at  onoo,  sc 

Why  oan't  you  and  I  together  bring 
thic  matter  to  a  focus?  Am  very  Borry  that  I  have 
to  be  so  far  away  from  you  as  I  would  like  to  take  thiB 
matter ’up  with  you  in  Orange,  feeling  as  I  do  that  this 
would  be  a  wonderfully  popular  invention,  and  one  out 
of  which  we  oould  both  make  money. 




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Cc^.  '  ScL^i  \*-B-  &'<*-**' 

__  _ 

TTr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Edison  Storage  Battery  Co., 
Orange,  IT.  J. 

Boar  Sir: 


I  enclose  a  letter  of  introduction  given  t 
By  TTr.  V7.  C.  Anderson  of  Detroit. 

In  discussing  tliis  letter  with  our  'resident,  TTr. 
n.  j.  Budlong,  he  spoke  of  having  mot  you,  and  asking  also  that, 
if  convenient,  1  may  have  a  few  moments  of  your  time  by  appointment. 

The  Packard  Company  are  bringing  out  a  new  six 
cylinder  model  for  1912.  An  advance  catalogue,  giving  a  brief  de¬ 
scription  of  this  car,  is  mailed  you  under  separate  cover. 

Hoping  to  be  favoured  with  an  opportunity  of  talking 
a  few  moments  with  you  regarding  this  car,  X  remain. 

Your 3  very  truly, 



Sales  ITanager. 



Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison, 

Edison  Storage  Battery  Co., 
Orange,  New  Jersey. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison!- 

This  will  introduce  to  you  Mr. A. T. Smith 
Sales  Manager  of  the  Packard  Motor  Car  Company  of  New  York 

I  have  requested  that  he  personally 
call  upon  you  in  the  interest  of  the  Packard  "SIX"  car ,  and 
hope  you  will  he  able  to  make  a  satisfactory  purchase  of 
a  Packard  car.- 

You  know  I  have  many-  times  talked 
Packard,  and  you  to  he  the  owner  of  a  Packard  would  he  a 
good  advertisement  for- them,  and  I  know  indirectly  helpful 
to  our  proposition. 

I  am  leaving  for  home  thiB  evening, and 
will  write  you  in  a  day  or  two  about  the  other  matter. 



Motor  Gar  QjMPANY^pj^fe 

C*/ewYoRK.N.Y.  U.S-A.  Jirne  : 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esij.  ,  x  £pu'\\'S' 


(Attention  of  Mr.  Miller)^  ^ 

Referring  to  our  telephone  opnversat^e^ 
of  yesterday,  also  to  letters  of  introduction  wh^ 

I  mailed  to  you  under  date  of  May  17th,  a  ooj$  oi 
one  of  which  is  attached  hereto ,  will  you  kindly/ 
arrange  an  appointment  for  me  with  Mr.  Edison  > 

his  convenience  if  he  is  at  all  interested  in  thf> 

o  <y  t? 

new  six  cylinder  Packard  car.  ^f/ 

-  p 

Advance  announcements  are  mailed  to  you  -V 

under  separate  seal. 

Yours  very  truly,  lyjj-'  c 


Sales  Manager 

ATS- oo 

(Attention  of  Mr.  H.  P.  Miller) 

Beg  to  thank  you  vdry  much  for  your  kina 
letter  of  June  7th,  replying  to  mine  of  the  3rd. 

When  the  six  oylinder\paokard  arrives,  it 
will  he  a  pleasure  for  us  to  offer  it  to  Mr.  Edison  for 
an  afternoon.  We  will  notify  you  whence  receive  it  ana 
shall  he  pleased  to  have  him  try  it  out 'as  a  matter  of 
mechanical  interest  and  not  as  a  demonstration  with 

a  view  for  sale. 

Yours  very  truly, 

PACKARD  MOTOR  <  3f  IT.  Y. 




H.  BROESEL.Jb.Tr ea: 



Ur.  Thos:.A.  EdiBon, 

Orange,  H 

Hoar  Sir;- 

Tho  writer  haft  the  pleasureL/of 
son  a  few  days  ago  and  ho  suggested 
steel  tool  box  and  add  natural  wood  whe 
the  equipment.  'He  ordinarily  use  a  mahogany' 
a  steel  one  would  give  hotter  service,  tsln  addj 
that  it  is  impossible  to  give  your  car  an^aj 

The  straight 


he  thoia. 

we  wouK^adv^e^ 

withoxxt  blocking  up  the  springs, 
spohe  to  your  son  ho'  are  compelled  to.  liave^ji^Se  kpfe^^lly  for  118  "by 
the  Krupp  Works  and  they  result  in  gty^ngj  qQ^eVitanco^f  14",  which 
is  entirely  too  high  for  this  section ^P-lihe  conifer  as  it  absolutely 
prohibits  the  running  of  the  car  at  speod^ndralso  re.^64  tjie  center 
of  gravity  too  high.  The  present  clearance  which  is  ll&y at  the 
fly  v/heel,  we  have  always  found  entirely  ample  for  toxffing  in  any 
section  east  of  the  Mississippi  Hiver. 

Yours  very  truly, 



f At 

5188  COLUMBUS. 

'0N<^R?OgATEO  .. 

'■'^^S.OFTHE^r^';  factory: 

miSjSBj***  «♦«»««•«*«■ 




June  39,  1911 

-  £11 

Mr.  I. A.  Edison, 

Orange,  IT. J. 

Boar  Urv  Edison;-  Qj'v’^' 

Kindly  pardon  the  writer's  not  Having  answered 
your  letter  of  June  2Srd  Before  this  time,  hut  the  delay  was  oaiised 
hy  the  letter  going  to  the  factory. 

The  road  clearance  at  the  lowest  point  on  the  50 
HP  Simplex  is  10"  and  the  clearanoo  of  the  fly  wheel  is  1&”  greater 
than  that  or  lllr". 

Yours  very  truly, 



LO  ‘l*~>  I"  f"°  ^ 

V  —OLt  Cat  AJF-tW 

LM  Lfc* lu*“. 



C.  A.  BROESEL,  St( 


i m* 

6(4  S  6(S  FAST  ST 



Ur.  E.P.Hiller,. 

o/o  Thos..  A.  Saloon, 
Orange ,  II.  J. 

t  c •y'lfet/s'&vyd?',  ■July  10,  1011 

,  cJJL  r-i  Jj.  3  CCUYl  C^CUlTM^e 

0  oM  wv 

e.OMjb  y  Vr>aM-4-* 

Dear  Sir;- 

V<^j  < 

Of+U-  Ws/ t« 

y*  ‘Ylerwc^  u^rL  -^^4 

The'  writer  has  your  letter  of  July  5th  in  reference  to  the 
road  clearance  of  the  Simplex  car.  In  my  conversation  with  Hr. 
Edison!  rememhcr  distinctly  stating  that  v/o  huilcT none  cars  with 
special  clearance  for  use  in  Goldfield  and  Tonapah  and  told  him  that 
we  obtained  this  cloarance  by  flattening  TSft  tho  front  axle  and 
blocking  pp  the  rear  springs  to  tho  same  point.  The  construction 
of  our  front  axle  makes  it  necessary  to  flatten  it  entirely  if  we 
intend  changing  the  clearance  and  when  that  is  done  we  obtain  an 
additional  4"  or  full  road  clearance  of  14".  This  gives  the  fly 
wheel  an  actual  clearance  of  15&"  but  it  is  absolutely  impossible 
for  us  to  raise  the  clearance  to  11"  without  blocking  pp  the  springs. 
In  that  event  we.  would  put  1"  blocks  under  neath  each  of  the  springs. 

We  regret  very  much  that  Hr.  Edison  did  not  understand  tho 
writer  thoroughly  and  assure  yon  that  wo  aro  anxious  to  do  whatever 
we  can  to  please  him.  It  is  the  opinion  of  our  engineers  that  he 
will  never  be  bothered  by  axle  or  motor  clearance  in  any  place  in 
the  East. 

This  is  rather  a  difficult  thing  to  explain  in  a  lotter 
and  if  you  do  not  thoroughly  understand  it  the  writer  will  bo  pleased 
to  call  on  you  at  your  convenience,  or  bettor  yet,  some  time 
during  a  visit  to  Hew  York  if  you  will  call  us  up  we  will  send  tin 
demonstrating  car  and  take  you  to  our  factory  whero  you  can  thoroughly 
understand  what  we  mean  by  blocking  up  the  springs,  and  straightening 
the  axle. 

t,  CArviM~T, 



balance  on  your  Simplex  oar. 

Wo  trust  that  everything  is  satisfactory  to  you,  and 
assuro  you  of  our  appreciation  of  your  order  as  well  as  our 
best  services  in  the  future. 

Very  truly  yours, 






Hov.  21-' 11. 

.  Thomas  A.  Edison,^, 
Orange,  N..  J. 

Dear  Sir.  ^  h  the  00tlrte8y  o^JSr.  BeSoh  X  bad,  y  C 
during  the  early  summer,  the  pleasure  of  a  visit  with  w 
you,  and  an  opportunity  to  discuss  the  Murphy  Bee-  J  jy 
tifier.  VvYr  Y  ^ 

You  will  remember  that,  at  the  time  it  was  ar-  jy  .tttT 
ranged  that  the  rectifier,  whioh  waB  then  under  J' 
construction,  was  to  be  brought  to  your  laboratorjl/ 
for  a  demonstration  and  test.  -V 

Subsequent  to  my  visit  important  improvements 
were  made  in  the  apparatus  and  we  decided  to  post-V  ' 
pone  the  demonstration  until  we  could  show  you  our  AT 
latest  design.  We  have  JuBt  completed  a  model  re o-^,  / 

tifier  embodying  theBe  improvements.  Our  tests  \  /\J\ 
are  very  satisfactory  to  ourselves  and  we  feel  that  ar 
we  are  ready  to  plaoe  the  rectifier  upon  the  market  ^  y,  ^ 
with  entire  confidence  in  its  suooeBB.  r  j ‘ 

Ho  publio  demonstration  of  this  improved  recti 
fier  has  been  made,  for  the  reason  that  we  first 
desire  to  avail  ourselves  of  your  kind  invitation 
to  demonstrate  it  in  your  laboratory. 

We  wish  now  to  inquire  if  your  invitation  main¬ 
tains  and  if  it  is  agreeable  and  convenient  for  you 
to  investigate  the  merits  of  the  apparatus  at  this 
time.  If  so  we  would  like  to  make  the  demonstration 
at  as  early  a  date  as  possible,  in  whioh  event  Mr. 

Murphy,  the  inventor,  and  myself  will  come  to  Orange 
with  the  reotifier. 

Thanking  you  for  your  early  consideration  of 
this  matter,  I  am 

Tory  respectfully  yours. 


ew  &  see  msTSi^summ 

fee.  29th,  1911. 

Mr --Thomas  A.  Edison, 

0?a(lge  ',  IT.  J . 

Bear  Sir: r 

We  have  your  latter  of  Doc 
and  hog  to  say  that  we  have  replaced,  the 
Simms  magneto,  which  you  representative 
■brought  to  the  Salesroom,  with  a  new 
Bosch  magneto,  which  we  nope  will  prove 

Wo  beg  to  tako  exception  to 
your  man's  report  in  reference  to  our 
having  supplied  you  with  a  so  cone. -hand 
magneto  and  we  beg  to  assure  you  that 
this  is  not  our  practice .  ’ 

We  further  bog  to  state  that 
your  car  is  surely  a  1912  model  but>. 
this  has  nothing  to  do  with  the  dual 
ignition  system,  | 

This,  we  wish  to  explain, 
has  been  attached  as  a  stock  equipment 
on  all  chaoses  which  come  out  of  the 
factory  after  December  1st,  1911. 

If  the  now  magneto,  which  we 
hare  furnished  you,  does  not  work  satis¬ 
factorily,  we  would  suggest  that  you  let 
us  have -the  car  for  a  half  day,  bb  we  are  su: 
that  there  is  some  adjustment  which  can  oe 
quickly  msdo  to  remedy  1h is  trouble. 

H.B.  Jr? — B.H. 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Aviation  (E-11-06) 

This  folder  contains  unsolicited  correspondence  from 
and  enthusiasts  requesting  Edison's  advice  and  assistance.  The  letterswere 
mostly  inspired  by  newspaper  and  periodical  articles  c°n^ernin.9  Ed 
of  them  received  any  reply.  The  one  selected  item,  which  contains  Edison  s 
response  in  the  forrnof  marginalia,  relates  to  the  use  of  storage  batteries  in 

The  unselected  material  includes  blueprints,  newspaper  dippings  and 
an  issue  of  Flight  a  weekly  publication  of  the  Royal  Aero  Club  of  the  United 
Kingdom.  The^ubjects  pertain  to  airplanes,  helicopters,  dirigibles,  and  flying 
machines  generally. 



A-tUx^  t-*uU^ 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Banking  (E-11-07) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  soliciting  Edison's  opinions,  along 
with  a  few  letters  hoping  to  shape  his  opinions,  regarding  banking  and  currency 
issues.  Included  are  letters  concerning  trade,  finance,  gold  supplies,  corporate 
organization,  antitrust  policy,  currency  reform,  and  economic  prosperity.  Some 
items  discuss  the  central  bank  debate.  Most  of  the  letters  were  written  in 
reaction  to  newspaper  and  magazine  articles,  including  Edison's  Saturday 
Evening  Post  interview  with  Roger  W.  Babson  entitled  "Our  Foolish  Panics. 

Less  than  1 0  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The  selected 
items  contain  Edison's  reply  in  the  form  of  marginalia. 





L/U- Xc^-4^-^2  ' 


to  jU/C Ljgr  y-p  jLt^yr^Ji 

.  rw. 

l^vr^  tf's  ■j'tfcctfi-  9uJ£*2i>-  tu-«N^^(A 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq 

Ky  dear  Rir:- 


treat  to  read 

y**  ^  V 

Iteuch  statement 

i  those  con¬ 
tained  in  the*  last  issue 'of' the  SATURDAY*  EVENING  POST  as  coming  from 
you.  Oh  that  we  had  more  such  business  men  with  the  time  and  incli¬ 
nation  to  do  some  good  old  fashioned  thinking!  But  then  we  would, 
have  such  a  world  as  Plato  wished  for,  i.e.,  one  in  which  all  rulers 
were  philosophers. 

T  am  mailing  under  Representative  Gillespie's  frank  my  own 
views  on  this  subject  which  Mr.  Gillespie  incorporated  in  his  recent 
speech  made  in  Congress.  The  chief  characteristic  of  the  European 
central  banks  is  their  freedom  from  legal  fetters.  If  we  wait  for 
Congress  to  act  they  will  give  us  a  plan  which,  as  you  say,  will  be 
defective,  and  such  an  institution  would  be  continually  going  to 
Congress  for  the  removal  of  this  and  that  restriction,  and  thus  keep 
the  bank  in  politics  for  all  time  to  come.  I  write  advisedly  on  this 
for  I  have  discussed  the  subject  with  a  majority  of  the  members  of 
the  National  Monetary  Commission  and  the  House  committee  on  banking 
and  currency. 

Its  my  purpose  to  organize  a  company  to  promote  such  a  head 
to  our  credit  system  and  wi6h  to  associate  you  in  the  movement.  The 
funds  necessary  to  carry  it  out  are  of  small  moment  compared  with 
the  personel  of  the  organizers,  for  it  can  be  made  self-sustaining 
from  the  start.  Vfe  should  proceed  as  follows: 

1st.  Select  a  few  organizers  whose  names  would  inspire  the 
confidence  of  our  business  men  in  every  section. 

2nd.  Draft  a  charter  which  we  shall  ask  Congress  to  give  us. 

3rd.  Choose  the  names  we  propose  to  submit  to  the  President 
for  his  appointment  to  the  first  executive  offices. 

4th.  Select  two  of  the  best  business  men  in  each  State  to  be¬ 
come  director  and  alternate  director  of  their  respective  States  for 
the  first  6,  7,  8,  9  and  10  yearsi. 

5th.  Insert  a  clause  in  the  charter  of  the  promoting  company 
prohibiting  its  stockholders,  officers,  directors  and  agents 
owning  any  of  the  stock  of  the  central  bank  stock  during  the  existence 
of  the  promoting  company. 


T.  A.  71.  2.  .  ' 

6th.  Proceed  to  the  distribution  of  the  promoting  company's 
options  to  purchase  the  central  bank  stock  at  par  for  cash.  As  to 
the  details  of  my  modus  operandi  I  would  state  that  we  could  use  the 
proceeds  to  be  derived  therefrom  in  a  manner  and  for  a  cause  which 
would  do  more  to  gain  us  the  confidence  of  the  public  than  anything 
we  could  think  of.  I  will  go  into  the  detail  of  that  if  you  are 
interested  in  the  subject. 

My  address  is  515  Bond  Building,  Washington,  D.  C. 

Sincerely  yours 

at  meetings  held  the  summer  of  1894,  which  mayyinterest  you 
■because  of  the  similarity  of  ideas,  and  because  these  meetings 

were  held  some  seventeen  years  ago. 

Yours  very  truly, 

PoJo  •  V  \  r 

Art  Calendars 

Calendar  F|ada 

Transparent  Window  Si 

„  i'U 

Souvenir  Post -Cards 

Local  View  Peat  Cards 
made  from  your 

own  Photographs 
Holly  Greeting  Cards 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  New  Jersey. 
Dear  Mr.  Edison: - 

Fine  Art  Publisher 

514  Main  Street  Cincinnati,  Ohio, — ,  x?xx( 

have  read  with  in^i-sst  yourfeecent  AnJ^rview  : 

the  New  York  Times.  *  £ jy* 

Will  you  please  give  me  names  fed  addresses  ^ 

number  of  German  Banks  who  investigate  and  finance  invent ^ns^J^  ^ 
all  the  other  information  regarding  this  *  “  1 

how  to  obtain  i 

Please  tell  me  whereof' can  getV  the/jjj 
Asphaltum.  I  noticed  it  mentioned  in  "Thomas  i 
and  Inventions." 

^sub^|tf't  ^opjda^  o^Jl^ 

*— - ^ha/Crj^st  SygjLali  i  ^ 

(jaMt4,  rasL^ife^JI 
Very  truly  yours,  ..  ^ 

Thanking  you  for  these  courtesies, 
Very  truly  yours, 


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Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Battery,  Storage  -  General  (E-11-08) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
commercial  and  technical  development  of  Edison’s  alkaline  storage  battery. 
Included  are  numerous  items  in  Edison's  hand,  including  a  list  entitled  Uses 
for  Edison  Battery";  its  typed  draft,  prepared  by  Miller  Reese  Hutchison,  bears 
marginalia  by  Edison.  Also  included  are  notes,  draft  correspondence,  and 
interoffice  communications  relating  to  experiments,  cell  tests,  the  procurement 
of  equipment  and  supplies,  advertising,  and  sales  and  administrative  practices. 
Other  items  pertain  to  commercial  development  in  foreign  markets,  including 
a  report  concerning  Russia  by  foreign  representative  Maurice  E.  Fox.  Some  of 
the  letters  discuss  the  use  of  batteries  in  delivery  wagons,  electric  bicycles,  and 
telephones.  There  is  also  correspondence  with  the  Hooker  Electrochemical 
Co  the  National  Hydro-Carbon  Co.,  and  the  Niagara  Alkali  Co.  '■elating  to 
Edison's  investigation  of  a  lower-cost  substitute  for  German  potash.  In  addition, 
there  are  numerous  unsolicited  requests  for  information  about  the  battery, 
some  with  marginal  notes  by  Edison.  A  sample  of  these  letters  has  been 
selected.  Among  the  correspondents  are  Edison  associates  William  G.  Bee, 
Frank  L.  Dyer,  Ignacy  Goldstein,  and  Walter  E.  Holland.  Other  correspondents 
include  electrical  engineers  Henry  M.  Byllesby  of  Chicago  and  W.  Hibbert  of 
the  London  Polytechnic;  Arthur  I.  Clymer,  an  investor  in  the  Edison  Storage 
Battery  Co.;  and  Theodore  N.  Vail,  president  of  the  American  Bell  Telephone 

Approximately  80  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
items  not  selected  consist  of  unsolicited  correspondence,  a  translated  copy  of 
"Alkaline  Iron  Nickel  Accumulator,"  and  an  address  delivered  by  J.  A. 
Montpellier  at  the  International  Congress  of  Electrical  Applications  in  Turin, 


(K 1 

Thomas  A. Edison,  Esq. 

Orange,  H.T. 
Dear  Sir:- 

is  not  available  and  must  he  supplied  by  an  auxiliary  po^ 
With  a  view  of  storing  electrical  power  dui^iig\ 

I  have  in  hand  the  developing  of  about  40,000  hoj 
power  by  water, contemplating  the  use  of  low  head  turbine/.  Th^reJ 
will  be  probably  three  months  of  each  year  in  which  this 



when  an  excess  of  the  required  amount  is  available, will  ^  be  po$ 
ble  to  do  so  by  employing  your  new  nickel  storage  batt^  lieu 
of  the  general  practice  of  a  separate  steam  plant? 

I  fully  appreciate  the  novelty  of  such  a  scheme  on  as 
large  a  scale  as  outlined  and  the  magnitude  of  the  undertaking. 
Moreover, I  think  you  will  agree  with  me, that  the  auxiliary  steam 
plant  is  a  wrong  idea  and  bad  practice,  if  by  UBing  a  storage 
reservoir, during  periods  of  excess, it  can  be  eliminated . 

With  iriy  limited  knowledge  of  your  new  has 

occured  to  me  that  this  may  be  done  by  multiplying  the  cells; 
though  1  have  no  way  of  knowing  except  by  your  advice. 

AWaiting  the  courtesay  of  a  reply  for  which  X  thank 
you  in  advance,  I  remain, 

Yours  Respectfully, 

Napoleon  Ohio. 



old  time'Telegr^plvOa 
;hey  say  ideas  aja^ 



occurred  to 

.Vary  ttply 'J2S&L 

-  Tel,  Operator  D  X  I 
Care  Wellington  Hotel*  / 

Jan. 14,  1911. 

I  Beni  you  herewith  .two  hard  rubber  oompoaitiongland 
o ana"' one  red 'and  one  hlaok.  At"  your  e  arl ie  st  convenience  wi 11  you 
pJSlSe-cdeteimine  whether  ei thereof  these  oontain  adulterants  ;whioh 
are  soluhle  in  Standard  Renewal'  Solution  (25$  HOH  Sf-.IS  g.liOH  per 
liter  )  and'  th'e  relative  amount  ofi soluble  a  in  each."  . 

' otishre ak  these  gland  ceps,  but,  after  soaking  them 
as  long  aBJ5^.¥hink:.ZB:QeB sary  .for.the  test  for  BOlubles,  return  them 
to  me  for  'Physio al^fests _  N  ,  . 

%drn-?Elwrtnr  fmm>r  <Eo. 


Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq.  ^\|  kPtr^^\ 
Orange,  N.J.  £■ 

Dear  Sirs- 

We  have  confronting  us  a  proposition 
which  perhaps  you  oan  aid  us  in  solving.  ^ 

For  ftoPacoid  of  about  three  months  in  the  dryest  part^e*1  JP 
the  season  there  jf-e  about  one  to  four  hourB  a  da.f°  ^  ^  'Jps 
frequently  that  our  water  supply  is  insufficient  to 
operate  our  plant.  Thought  it  possible  that  aonte  sol 
of  an  eleotrioal  storage  could  be  used  for  reservb  ourr< 
oharged  when  the  water  was  flowing  in  Buffioient  quantity 
to  produce  sulplus  energy  to  be  stored  and  used  during  the 
few  hours  of  the  day  when  the  water  supply  waB  inadequate 

for  our  requirements. 

Will  you  kindly  advise  us  if  such  an 
applianoe  oan  be  gotten  and  from  whom  it^be  prooured,  if 
such  therms.  Thanking  you  for  the  favor  we  are 
very  truly  yourB, 

Hydro-Eleotrio  Power  Co., 


%hrn-?Elprtnr  ^aun'r  (£o. 
ulljmaa,  N.  $. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. 
Orange,  N.J. 

Yours  of  the  7 tri  instant  at  hand. 

We  would  want  storage  for  from  100  to  150  horse  povfor. 
What  would  be  the  total  cost  inotalled  of  the  outfit 
required  for  100  H.P.  and  how, much  for  150  H.P.T 
Awaiting  your- reply  we  are 

i  f 

Hydro-Eleotric  Power  Oo. 

Sec 'y.  Y 

j  “  e-^Ai 

'  <5^  " 

Aw/  *feroh  1 

EPI^OH  BATTERY  OP  40  "A6"  CEI1I1S  OR  60  "A4"  CELLS, 

Ubos  In  most  pleasure  vehioles  ana  in  truoka  up  to  1  ton 

Capacity:  100  to  200  miles  per  oharge  in  pleasure  oars, 
depending  on  the  road  conditions,  speed,  eto.,  or 
40  to  60  mileB  in  truok  servioe. 

normal  Full  Charge:  21  kilowatt-hours  theoretically, - hut 

actually  it  iB  20$, or  more,  above  this,  depending  on 
the  efficiency  or  inefficiency  of  the  charging 


Use:  In  truoka  of  1  to.  2  tons  oapaoity. 

Oapaoity:  1-ton, 60  to  60  miles. 

'  1-1/2-ton, 40  to. 50  miles. 

2-ton,  35  to  40  miles:'  ,.•••■ 

normal  Full  Oharge:  31.6  kilowatt-hours  plus  percentage 
lost  ini  the  charging  apparatus. 


Use:  In  2  to  3-1/2  ton  truoks. 

Capacity:  2-ton  ,60  to  60  miles. 

3-ton,40.  to  50  miles:. 

3-l/2-ton,35  to  40  miles.  . 

Normal  Full  Oharge:  42  kilowatt-hours  plus  peroentage  lost 
in  the  charging  apparatus . 


Varies  from  3  oents  to  10  oents  per  kilowatt-hour,  depending 
upon  the  locality,  quantity  used,  time  of  day  used,  eto. 

•  a^CA/  •  % 

cyuiA<t  "t&Jl  (Kjoifcb 0  oIa^IaJL^T  . 

t=y  o«A.  (LsfyLu*.  C<r^v>^ 

:  I  am  Binding 

“hioh  you  a.rnrat.d  at  th.  Moratory. 

Si  lathing  a  nampl*  .vary  EO  minntas  aft.r  8  hours. 

^  <3tAv>  y^eHM  5.<t«)haav\  (vlT^  P-d  **<£c. 




Electrolytic  Production  of 


The  Townsend  Cell 

Low  Initial  Cost  Low  Cost  of  Maintenance 

Bleach  Generating  Plants  for  Paper  Mills 
Chlorination  of  Ores 

Alkali  Plants  for  Soap  and  Textile  Mills 

Caustic  Soda 

76  Per  Cent  Electrolytic 

Bleaching  Powder  1 


High  Teat  1 


Hooker  Electrochemical  Company 

Forty  Wall  Street,  Hew  York  CHy  Plants  Wlagara^alla^iLY^ 

M.  SERGEANT.  Vke-Pre..  «nd 



_  .h.  Solid  and  Liquid, 

Chlorine  and  By.Producta, 

Niagara  Falls.  N.  Y.  4/12/11. 

J  OA.W4  ; 

Ur.  Thoo.  A.  Edison, 
Orange ,  H.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Wo  note  your  ^ 

amperes  with  about  5.75  voltsJ,  Thdse  odlls  operatg,^  an  efflciem 
which  varies  between  95  and  97;'u  ampere  efficiency 
60  onergy  efficiency.  Cost  of  construction  per 
■  --j-  ®soo.OO  including  anodes.  J,  The  caustic  li<n 

about  5 

d  about  59  to 
*1  complete  is 
is  taken  off  at 

aUoonomteation“of"fron  15 "to' 16^,  giving  very  satisfactory  evaporating 
costs.  Chlorine  gas  ranges  from  97  to  981$  and  uho  Hydrogen  gas  is 
free  from  electrolytic  oxygen.  V.'e  are  using  our^lyrine  ana 

hydrogen  by  direct  combustion  under  our  oirvn^patont^^tfir  manufaci/Ui_e 
of  hydrochloric  acid,  and  r  °”n  "mW1""'  r 

ir  phlorj 

,u  w...,  r _ t  fWtormiL _  - 

of  hvdrocnxoric  aciu.  ana  »o  are  making  only  caustib  potash,  though 
the  cell  is  in  operation  in  Austria  and  Germany  for  both  caustic 
potash  and  caustic  soda. 

The  terms  upon  which  we  would  dispose  of  the  right  to  use  our  cell 
would  of  course  depend  upon  the  number  of  cells  to  be  used  and  the 
purpose  for  which  same  would  be  used. 

The  writer  will  be  very  glad  to  take  the  matter  up  with  you  in  person 
at  any  time  you  may  decide  that  the  above  statements  cause  you  to  bo 
sufficiently  interested  to  make  further  investigation. 

In  the  meantime,  we  are  expecting  to  make  considerable  caustic  soda 
during  the  coming  year  as  well  as  caustic  potash,  intending  to  alter¬ 
nate  between  the  two  as  the  market  dictates,  ana  the  electro  Bleaching 
Gas  Co.  of  24  East  21st.  St.,  Hew  York  City,  are  utilising  our  chlorine 
gas  for  compressing  same  into  liquid,  which  they  sell  in  steel  cylinders 
containing  about  100#  of  100#  chlorine  each. 

We  are  also  manufacturing  bleaching  powder  containing  from  37  to  39/r° 
available  ehl&rine  and  in  case  you  are  interested  in  any  of  these 
products  we  shall  be  very  glad  to  receive  your  specifications  from  time 
to  time,  and  any  inquiries  will  receive  our  prompt  and  careful  atten¬ 

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Pr«.  and  Gen.  Mgr.  E.  M.  SERGEANT.  ViccPrea.  end  Am*.  Gen.  Mgr.  F.  O.  GEY1.ER.  Sec.  an 



Ur.  Thomas  A.  Sell  son, 

Orange,  IT.  J. 

Dear  5ir:- 

Your  esteemed  Davor  of  April  AO i;h.  at  1 
contents  noted.  "To  heg  to  thank  you  for  the  information 
therein  contained.  Kindly  advise  us  if  quantities  named 
are  per  day  or  week.  V.'ith  amounts  named  by  you  v/o 
hardly  believe  it  would  pay  to  install  cell,  but  will 
be  glad  to  advise  definitely  later  on.  Potash  and  Soda 
made  by  this  or  any  other  cell,  except  Mercury  cathode 
would  contain  some  chlorides.  Please  advise  if  this 
is  objectionablo. 



-V  A-V*->V 

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J  ^jua, 


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f  -  CAV-  VjP-^r  ;  | 






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y'e~-  -SZZZfr 
"-**-**  '**“’ 



Orange,  H.7 

Dear  Sirs  G U<~-^ 

Referring  to  your  in$*$fef  ^ lOtf^et' ^"' 
we  have  been  advised  by  Hr.  J.  C.  Jessup  of  our  Hew 
Y°rk  office  that  your  requirements  are  1000  lbs  of 
Chlorine  weekly  and  one  ton  OjT^CausUo  soga  dg B^gjSX*  W 

One  2500  Ampere  Tovmkend  Coll  operat¬ 
ing  24  hours  daily  at  4.4  vplts  an&  93^5  Ampenjgstti-t 

ciency  average 



14-3/4  EHP.  D.  C. 

Produces  daily 

162.5  lbs  Chlorine 
183  '•  Caustic  Soda 

The  Cathode  liquor  contains  approximately 
150  grams  of  NaOK  and 
190  '•  of  MaCl  per  liter 

On  evaporating  this  Caustic  Soda  Solution  to  a 
point  whore  it  contains  5($  of  NaOH  the  salt  is 
all  recovered  but  about  Z%  and  returned  to  the 


Thomas  Eaison.Esq. 


To  produce  one  ton— 2000  lha  of  Cauotic 
Soda  daily  roquires  eleven  -  2500  Ampere  Cello 
which  alao  produce  1788  lha  of  Chlorine  in  the 
same  timo  ao  in  this  caae  it  would  he  essential 
to  have  use  or  disposal  for  the  quantities  of 
product  stated. 

Regarding  your  conditions  it  would  ho 
impractical  to  oporate  unless  you  need  the  total 
of  both  Coll  products. 

Should  you  have  uae  for  an  installation 
of  about  the  size  aontioned  and  if  you  will  kind¬ 
ly  advise  us  of  the  quantities  required  we  would 
ho  glad  to  have  you  advise  us  further. 

Trusting  this  information  may  ho  of  in¬ 
terest,  we  are. 

Very  truly  yours,  ; 





They-  prove  conclusively  that  Titanium 
Alloy  is  a  real  wonder-worker. 

Titanium  Alloy  is  a  combination  of  the  metal 
Titanium  with  the  best  quality  iron  electric¬ 
ally  refined.  It  is  added  to  the  charge  in  cu- 
..  pola  or  air  furnace.  It  makes  iron  of 

tional  quality  by  removing  solid  and  gaseous 
impurities  in  a  fusible  slag.  The  resulting 
metal  settles  more  quietly  in  the  mold ,  makes 

castings  pattern-true  and  remarkably  free  - - - - - . 

Every  Maker  and  Veer  of  Iron  and  Steel  Should  Have  Booklet  No.  20 


notes,  ere.  Tensile  and  breaking  strength  is 
considerably  increased,,  while  the  increase 
in  compressive  strength  and  :  resistance  to 
wear  is  really  startling. 

Titanium  Alloy  is  the  cheapest  high  grade 
alloy  om  the  market.  It  increases  cost  of- 
finished;  product  25b  and  upwards  per  ton. 
In  steel,  Titanium  Alloy  produces  effects 
even  more  remarkable  than  in  cast  iron.. 
Titanium  steel  rails  are  used  by  largest  rail¬ 
roads  in  the  country. 


acotis  »  SMITH  CO.,  Ina  Sngalaa,  San  Fra 



Niagara  Falls,  N.  Y. 

May  3rd.  1911. 

exttjf  Blau 

*.  M-'Wfc  wo-i*4 

U.W*  vp*~  <jfrtf 

or4  o  f **£p  r  il^  9 1  te”  a  tv  ten 

Your  esteemed  fjivor  oflprii  29th.  atVtena  ana  contents 
noted.  Beg  to  thank  you  for  your  further  Information.  We, 
are  quite  sure  that  so  small  a  plant  an  you  mention  woul^not  ) 

pay  unless  your  conditions  were  extremely  favorable  in  otter 
lines  than  the  actual  electrolysis  ana  extremely  unfavorable  _ 
as  to  purchasing  supplies  of  chlorine,  caustic  soda  andViaustio 

We  are  at  present  manufacturing  about  as  good  electrolytic  caustic 
potash  and  caustic  soda  as  is  produced  in  the  world  and  could 
name  you  very  close  prices  on  both  of  these  materials. 

We  are  putting  up  liquid  chlorine  in  connectionwith  Electro 
Bleaching  Gas  Co.,  24  East  21st.  St.,  New  York  City,  and  can 
ship  this  material  100J4  chlorine  in  steel  cylinders. 

We  are  asking  the  Electro  Bleaching  Gas  Co.  to  take  this  matter 
up  with  you  and  see  if  they  cannot  make  you  a  low  enough  price 
on  the  liquid  chlorine  to  justify  your  using  same  instead  of 
producing  your  own. 

We  should  he  very  glad  indeed  of  course  to  furnish  our  cell  for 
your  plant,  hut  do  not  think  you  will  eventually  decide  to  install 
plant  after ;you  get  into  the  matter. 

Our  technical  department  will  make  up  an  estimate  on  such  a  plant 
as  far  as  can  he  made  from  the  information  available  and  same  will 
he  submitted  for  your  consideration. 


H .  M . Bylle sby  &  Company 


206  South  La  S alio  Street 


L|t>wr  edicts  (kfffe  l& 
Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.. ,  o^-  fk  oo  oiA-tj 

Tj lewellyn  Park, 

4t**  .  , 

Orange,  N.  J.  Ou-^J  el  ^cJLfcCjs 
Edison:-  ' 

lSy  dear  Mr.  Edison:- 

X  am  sending  you  under  separate  cover  copy 
of  an  address  which  I  delivered,  principally  extemporan¬ 
eously,  at  the  University  of  Pennsylvania  on  April  7th, 
and  which  might  interest  you.  i 

I  shall  feel  very  much  honored  if  you  can 
find  the  time  to  read  it  and  would  he  glad  to  know,  if 
you  do  read  it,  how  it  strikes  you. 

Very  truly  yours, 



E.  M.  SERGEANT. ' 

F.  O.  GF.YLER,  Sec.  and  Tie* 



Electrolytic  Caustic  Potash,  Solid  an 
Chlorine  and  By-Products 

Our  file  #1840. 

Niacara  Falls,  N.  Y.  jjay  13th .  1911 . 

Ur.  Thos.  A.  Edison,  fM'f  I a  ■ 

Orange,  H.  J.  ’ ■’ 

Dear  Sir:- 

Purther  referring  to  the  question  of  using  an  electrolytic 
cell  of  our  type,  we  heg  to  advise  you  of  the  following  estimate 
on  plant  for  manufacturing  1000#  of  caustic  soda  or  proportionate 
amount  of  caustic  potash  per  dey:- 



Cell  room  equipment  (7  cells  including  pipe 
lines,  copper  bars,  etc.) 

Electrical  machinery 

Evaporator  equipment,  tanks,  boiler,  etc. 


§16  TJoDY 


- Salt  consumption  580,000 p  S  #2.80  per  ton 

Coal  "  500,000#  &  3.00  "  " 

Power  70  H.P.  ©  36.00  "  E.p. 


Interest  6/i  on  816,000. 


Royalty  $1.00  per  day  and  cell 










PRODUCTION.  .  ....... 

370 , 000#  of  caustic  soda  (76c/a)  &  ^>2.10  pel  _ _ _ 

Cost  of  manufacturing  315,000#  chlorine  8  7,920. 

1  lb. of  chlorine  -  2-I/25/. 

The  above  estimate  is  based  on  caustic  as  liquor 
of  48°  Bo.  If  the  caustic  liquor  should  be  evapor- 

Ptr  manufacturing  caustic  potash  in  the  same  size  plant 
the  estimate  showed  the  following:- 

Niagara  Alkali  Co.,  To 

Mr.  Thos. 

A.  Edison. 

_2 _  n...  5/18/11. 

Consumption  of  muriate  of  potash  740,000#  3  .#8.40 

per  100#  |17,800. 

Coal  consumption  820,000#  8  $3.00  per  ton  1,230. 

Power,  labor,  supplies,  interest,  amortisation, 


y  y  Total  ~v34 ' 170 .  b0~ 

Production  of  560,000#  caustic  potash  :  $5.00  per  ^  ^ 

Cost  for  manufacturing  315,000#  of  chlorine  -  ~$  6,175.50 

1  lb.  =  2  4. 

from  which  you  will  notice  that  allowing  $3.00  per  ton  for  coal 
and  $35.00  for  power,  and  figuring  caustic  soda  at  only  $2.10 
per  100#,  you  can  manufacture  chlorine  gas  at  2-1/2?  per  pound. 
When  you  make  caustic  potash,  even  with  the  higher  royalty 
which  it  would  be  necessary  for  us  to  charge  for  this  purpose, 
you  can  make  the  chlorine  for  2/  per  pound.  Should  these 
figures  prove  of  interest  to  you  the  writer  will  be  glad  to 
take  the  matter  up  in  person  regarding  final  negotiations. 


(Vj-vvfc  (?.) 

National  Hydro-Carbon  Company 

high-grade:  hydro-carbons 

Your  favor  of  the  3nd  inst.  at  hand,  and  in  reply- 
will  state  that  we  are  in  a  position  to  supply  what  you  ask 
for,  Elaterite,  Tabbyite  or  Weidgerite, 

I  would  ask  you  to  take  the  matter  up  with  our 
Eastern  Office,  3316  H.  W.  Oliver  Bldg,  Pittsburgh,  Pa.,  where 

you  will  probably  be  able  to  < 

5  to  some  definate  arrangements, 

crvc  $,dce£ 

err  oleJk q _ =  ¥  < 

UO  wt  zAcOZrTtT  (s^t  k^o  Ki. 

.  ,  jL/vvlu\.-P  >oejJ  uik *"* 


,  Ov.'H&r * sZ/'lf 

The  'box  for  oooling  the  A-6  oell  is  being  made  at 
the  Btorage  battery  works  by  Fred  Pino  the  a arp enter. 

He  promises  to  have  this  box  down  by  2  or  3  o  olook 
today,  Wednesday. 

Kindly  note  that  I  have  allowed  for  1/2"  our rents 
between  the  oells  and  the  side  of  the  box.  Shore  are 
two  fillers  put  in  on  the  eni  of  the  box  to  admit  of 
four  of  these  oells  being  put  into  a  box  of  this  size 
that  will  take  the  16"  fan  that  you  are  using  to  oool 
off  the  locomotive  batteries  in  the  laboratory. 

1  mention  this  in  aamorandum  in  the  event  of^  your 
wishing  to  try  this  oooling  box  while  I  am  absent 
in  Washington  tomorrow.  I  will  Eijoiustruotions 
for  the  box  to  be  delivered  to  Harold  Smith  in  the 
laboratory  ae  aoon  us  it  has  boon  finished. 

Jones  is  making  the  necessary  reversals 

otrip  oells  to  determine  as  to  whether  or  not  the  ooating 

wo  have  put  on  the  toot  strips  will  break  down  on  reversal. 

Shen  the  boy  who  is  taking  the  readings  is  potting 

curves  of  these  polarization  readings  whioh  you  oan  _ 

see  at  any  time  in  the  testing  room  where  these  strips  are 

being  tried  out. 





The  Lily  Mill 



OAT8,  HAY, 

Mr.Ihos.  A.E&iaon, 

U97T  York,  N.Y 

Doar  Sir: 


Bast  st.Xioxiia,  Ill. Juno  9tli  1913.  _ _ — 

C  \ 

{  . c  **"  ~~Q.  •  / 

X  have  noticed  with  pleasure  froirijrecont  press  reports  J  / 

that  you  have  ouocseded  in  producing  the  Ugjit  storage  quioh 
charging  battery  that  you  promised  the  eagWoal  world  some  time 
ago  and  1  sincerely  hope  it  will  Prove  the  success  that  we  have 

all  hoped  for  in  recent  years. 

I  am  anxious  to  Know  if  this  battery  will  prove  satis¬ 
factory  for  motorcycles  for  if  a  suitable  battery  can  be  Produced 
I  would  liKe  to  engage  in  the  manufacturing  of  electric  motorcycles 
whioh  would  meet  an  unlimited  demand. 

I  would  like  you  to  write  me  fully  concerning  this  mat¬ 
ter-  stating  what  would  be  the  probable  cost  of  the  most  practical 
size  batteries  for  these  oyoles  and  greatly  oblige, 

Yours  truly. 

greatly  oblige, 


Ur.  Thos.  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Slr,- 

Enolosed  you  will  find  a  newspaper  outting} 
attention  to  the  progress  you  have  made  with  your  new  n 
say  that  I  would  like  to  he  oounted  ae  one  of  the  manyS&o  no  doubt  will 
want  to  handle  your  battery  for  motor  pruposee.  No  place  in  the  world 
is  better  situated  *or  securing  cheap  electric  power  which  you  may  know 
when  I  tell  you  that'  London  is  the  home  of  Adam  Beck,  the  man  who  fought 
single  handed  for  cheap  power  from  Niagara  Sails,  and  London  got  it  for 
we  are  now  getting  electric  light  supplied  us  at  per  Killowatt  hour 

and  the  cost  for  power  is  less.  convenience 

Uhen  you  get  ready  to  put  this  greatA and  .economy  on  the  market 

X  wish  you  would  remember  me  and  put  me  on  the  list  as  one  who  wants  to 
intnoduoe  and  sell  your  new  batteries. 

I  have  sold  out  my  soap  business  and  am  Just  waiting  to  get  a 
chance  to  take  up  and  handle  you-new  line  for  this  district  Vhere  as  X 
said  no  body  can  be  better  situated  thah  ^ho  people:  in  London  are  to  make 
use  of  your  latest  invention. 

Yours  truly  - 



Telephono  <7 

(^MccfoCcctt  $9taMtceA.MUi>  2$&/LaA,fane,iv6> 
Telegrams,  .  efcr 

•'P0i.VTB0HH,e,  London.*'  ^  ^  &  ^  Cftieee, 

1)0/ '  s&^u,  5T 

jA-/  '?'' 


'■  » 

-  ■  * 

■* 1  ^'MU/Vfa* 

Ct3*2"  \j£jiy^  JUy''7*^r 

1  ^u.  * 


m~~~~  .  ,  _ _ 

^  *-* 

^  /L~4#£-  StcLoS? 

j?  y/r-i^iy/ 


July  24th,  1911. 

Regarding  the  type  B  cell  funnel  filler: 

Ruhr  hae  several  dies  in  an  unfinished  stage.  Have 
been  set  asUe  for  inspection.  These  ere  for  the  funnel  parts  only. 

Mr.  Bliss  and  Mr.  Salzman  both  say  the  work  .was  held  up  at 
the  time  on  account  of  the  B-4  cap  size  being  then  in  an  unsealed 

It  seems  the  tube  length  is  not  exactly  0.  K.  as  made  up, 
but  could  not  learn  anything  definite  from  anyone  on  this,  and  am 
making  a  test  to  find  out. 

Hr.  Bliss  and  Mr.  Salman  said  that  th«y  ^ /^i^^o+eel 
ty  in  forming  the  entire  piece  at  once  ^  f i 

I  am  going  to  order  some  steal  that  .s  suitable  and  r. 

on  hand, 
out.  c 

They  have  doped  out  a  method  of  spinning  the  tube. and 

. . .  pined  to  believe  this  will  bs_more 

expensive  than  completing  the  eni’: 

No  tools  or  information  on  the  manufacture  of  thej-.ubea^. 

No  tools,  models  or  data  on  the- float  or  wire  to  be  had  fxom  anyone. 

Have  started  after  this  entire  outfit  and  hope  to  round 
it  up  in  the  next  few  daye. 

(  ?/'/") 

Baohraann  - 

Follow  up  tho  lit tin  filler  with  hoh  index 
for  filling  B  4  type  Cells.  Holland  haa  It  In  charge. 

Bachmann:  ■  ' 

When  you  daaign  crane  don’t  fall  uao  tho  Con- 

deneite  druna  -  It  might  ho  good  ldoa  to  replace  gradu-  j 

ally  all  your  flake  druna  with  tho  latent  and  heat  con- 
donoite  Knda. 

When  Ayloaworth  returns  hotter  aeo  him  pereon- 
.lly  and  arrange  for  .film  Crook  paddles  coated  Condonslte 
aleo  aoroona  can  ho  coatod_  with  Condonolto  vanish  and 


August  1,  1911. 


Greenly :- 

When  yon  get  thru  at  Battery  work  return  to 
Lah.  ana  take  up  the  working  up  of  making  our  finely  divi¬ 
ded  Iron,  Eleotrolytioally  the  name  aa  you  made  Before  you 
went  over. 

i‘  •  fhe  sample  you  made  is  working  fine,  and  I  want 

a  to  work  it  out  oommerioally  together  with  all  the  de- 
b.  Afe  you  get  samples  take  them  up  to  Smith  and  have 
them  put  on  tost.  Mix  of  Heronry  Oxide  with  each  sam¬ 
ple  and  instruct  Boy  to  make  6  gram  pockets,  put  up  2 
cells  for  eaoh  good  Bample  -  with  each  pocket  o*  cell  use 
2  nlokel  tuBes.  Eaoh  group  or  sample  is  to  Bo  run  10 
Mines  and  if  with  5  gramB  of  Iron  in  eaoh  pooket,  they 
Rive  1200  to  1  Volt  after  10  Bund  have  them  put  on  hot  En¬ 
durance  run.  She  10th  Cold  test  will  give  you  a  due  bb 
to  the  Best  conditions  to  proceed  on. 

If  the  5  grams  of  Iron  containing  6$  of  HgO 
gives  1700  after  the  Both  run  to  1  Volt  and  as  good  as 
regular  on  high  or  760  railamper  discharge  rate,  the  sample 
will  Bo  0.  K.  Then  you  can  prooeed  to  determine  costs 
and  Best  methods  to  commercially  install  the  process  in 
the  factory. 

August  1,  1911. 



August  12th,  19] 3. 

Before  Mr.  Edison  went  away,  he  asked  me  to  purchase 
another  one  of  these  alkali  battery  potable  lamps,  suchhs  he 
had  me  ou’-chase  for  him  about  six  months  ago,  to  see  ifj  the 
manufacturer,  is  using  nickle  in  his  battery.  The  former  battery 
did  not  have  any  nickle,  but  used  silver. 

Mr.  Edison  understands  that  the  manufacturer  is  now  using 
nickle  in  the  battery,  and  asked  me  to  purchase  another  one  and 
give  it  to  you,  so  that  you  could  take  the  battery  apart  and 
see  if  nickle' is  being  xised. 

Here  is  the  battery.  Will  you  please  investigate  it, 
and  if  you  find  nickle,  let  me  know. 

You  can  get  at  the  battery  by  unscrewing  the  top,  dis¬ 
connecting  the  wires  and  pulling  the  battery  out  of  the  com¬ 
partment  . 



Directions  for  tho  use  of  tho 


Uftnufaoturod  by  tho 

JJortablo  ELoctrio  Safety  light'  fio... 

Howark,  U.  J.  tr.  S.  A. 

Hoad  tlroso  diroot ions  tlirough  cni-ofully 
boforo  attempting  to  use  tho.  lanterns. 

With  this  storage  battery  it  in  of  tiro  utmost 
importance  to  hoop  the  bnttoxy  platos  from 
contaot  with  injurious  n.iib  stances. 

Only  solution  prepared  an  indicatod  below 
should  bo  put  into  tiro  battery. 

In  rinsing  only  d.iotillod  water  (oondonsod 
steam  direct  from  the  fro ah  stoam  pipe  from 
the  boiler)  should,  bo  used. 

Iho  battery  should  novo r  bo  loft  mcovorod. 

Vessels  used  in  proparing  and  in  storing 
solution  slrould  bo  carefully  oloanod.  llo 
J1  oils  or  acids  should  bo  allowed  to  coma  into 

contact  with  tho  solution  or  battery 

OIIAliGIUG  '•  Inatorns  while  boing  ohargod  with  current  must 

bo  insulated  from  oaoh  other,  honoo  if 
suspondod  by  their  handles,  tiro  bar  on  which 
...they  arc  hung  must  bo  a  nonfeonduotor,  ouch 
-(to  wood.  Iho  lanterns  should  bo  rrpacod  on  Si 
tiro  bar  so  that  they  aro  not  liholy  to  touoh 
caoh  other  ovon  if  sot  swinging. 

If  a  woodon  shelf  is  used  for  charging  it 
should  bo  coatod  with  asphnlt  varnish,  and 
always  '-opt  dry. 

Boforo  charging  son  that  tho  lanterns  aro 
fillod  with  solution  to  about  l/2n  of  tho 
top  of  tho  colls. 

rarorgihg  rate  is  ono  ranporc  for  olght  hours,  or 
oight  nmporc  hours  at  a  rato  not  higher  than 
ono  anporo.. 

Pacing  tho  lanterns,  tho  righthand  charging  hole 
or  terminal  under  tho  roflootor  shell,  in 
always  ironitivo. 

Plaoo  tho  positive  wire  of  tiro  charging  lino 

V  into  tho  righthand  holo  under  tho  roflootor 
shell,  and  tiro  .negative  charging  wire  into  tiro 
plefthond  holo. 

fho  positive  wiro. of  tho  charging  lino  may  bo 
dotorrainod  ih  tho  mannor  Shown  on  tho  attache-' 
,  shoot. 



CATE  03?  lAtTOBHUS  When  lanterns  aro  in  constant  uso,  open  ovoiy 
seventh  day  and  roplondish  solution  that  has 
ovaporatod,  and  onoo  a  nonth  empty  tlio 
battery  ancl  thoroughly  rinse  out  with 
distilled  water  and  thon  rofill  colls  with 
.  -  unused  solution,  ,v> 

PiCTPAIlATtEOd  Solution  and  compound  sliould  "bo  3:opt  from  skin 

OP  SOLUTIOH  and:,Olo  thing. 

Pho  solution,  consists  of  !X>/>  hy  weight  of 

Hubb'eil  alkaline  battery  compound  ia  solid) 

,  and'-SOj?  by  weight  of  distilled  water  (oondon- 


Tho  spooific  gravity  of  the  solution- As;.-,  3,  ^,000, 
or  25  degrees  poauraoor  25  dograeo  Boaumo.  ; 

Diatillod  wator  ( oondonsod  steam)'  i a  absolutely 
ossontiol.  It  can  readily  bo  obtained  at 
drug  stores  if  tlioro  arc  no  other  moans  at 
hand,  tfator  good  for  drinking  is  not  hocoosas? 
.  w-  lly  Chemically  pure,  fold  ounces  by  weight 

(1  lb.  or  1  pint)  of  distillod  water  (  con¬ 
densed  steam)  add  four  ouheos  by  woig3it  of 
Hubboll  Alkaline  battery  compound,  using  a 
clean  porcelain,  onnmo  -.lod  waer,  iron  or 
ooppor  dish  (  not  galvpnizqd  iron,  tin  or 
wood)  . Stir  with  a  clean  glass  or  iron  rod 
(not  wood)  until  tlio  sticks  of  compound  afo 
dissolved.  Then  cover  tlie  vessel  tightly  and 
allow  tho  solution  to  oool. 

St 01X3  solution  in  a  olaon  glass  bottle  with  a 
rubber  stoppor,  a  glass  stopper  isliablo  to 
stlok.  Always  keep  tihhtly  ooikod*  Compound 
also  muot.  bo  lcopt  tightly  corfeod.  , 

Alwavs  sha3co  solution  bof 6 ro  filling  tho  battory. 

>  If  distillod  wator, br  obtained  by  condensing 
“  Dtoait'from  a  boHoy.-pl'ant^it  s)>ould  not,bo 
taken  from  tiro  ongino,  ojdiaust,  as,  tills  will 

contain  oil.  TToither  ehouldv.mtor  bo  taken 
'  from  tho  boiler  gauge,  cooks?  vTbkbv'nteam' only  ■ 
from  tho  diroot  lino  from  tho  bodltirrand 
condense  >  it.  ; 


THE  • 





\7ot  a  small  oomor  of  our  yellow  pplo  findiue 
paper  herewith,  pi no ins  It  on  ™ od  or  oomo 
other  non-oonductor.  mace t  tno  two  ends of 
t)»  sorrioo  linoB  about  1 M  °,nniofmrl 

vrot  paper.  Tho  paporwill  become  rod  around 
the  KatiW  wire.  A  toot  dioiflLd  too  placed 
In  tho  positive  wiro  for  future  fpiiddioo. 

-nho  service  linos  should  ho  tooted  from  time  to 

~n  time  as  the  generator's  polarity  may  °^ons°» 
and  tills  will  make  the  othor  wire  positive. 

ICo  op  tho  small  vont  holoo  in  tho  cover  domos 
open  at  all  timoo,  tout  in  doing  so  too 
oaroful  not  to  injure  the  this  diaphragms 
on  tho  oovor  casket  undornoath. 

The  oido  of  tho  soft  rutotoer  oovor  snokots  with 
ths  thin  diaphragms  should  always  too 
ptoood^oAm-  '^so  diaphrams  aro 
piorood  v/ith  vory  fine  holos,  14 

tho  nasos  to  ns'eapo,  tout  pro  vont  tho 
solution  from  leaking  out,  should  tho 
lantam  too  ovorturnod,  /  \ 

irrelevant  tali,  during  which  he  professed  great  friendship 
for  the  Edison  battery  and  showed  me  the  attached  price-list, 

1  said  that  I  oould  not  explain  the  faot  that  we  sold  ten  times 
as  many  batteries  to  Anderson  as  to  all  the  other  pleasure 
vehiole  manufacturers  combined  upon  any  other  hypothesis  than 
that  the  position  of  the  other  manufacturers  or  their  agents 
must  be  antagonistic.  Mr.  Wiever  said  that  this  was  not  so, 
but  that  the  trouble  was  that  there  was  nothing  to  be  Baid  in 
favor  of  the  Edison  battery  that  would  warrant  itB  high  cost. 

1  told  him  that  it  was  clear  from  this  statement  that  he  had 
not  read  our  catalogues  or  any  other  literature  and  knew  nothing 
about  the  battery.  1  saidthat  it  seemed  impossible  to  get 
the  other  manufacturers  directly  interested  unlesB  they  had 
something  at  stake — had  their  own  money  invested  in  the  bat¬ 
teries— and  X  asked  him  if  he  would  be  willing  to  agree  with 
us  to  equip,  say  26#  of  his  vehicles  with  Edison  batteries. 

He  replied  that  he  oould  not  agree  to  do  it  but  that  it  was 
up  to  us  to  create  a  demand  for  the  batterieB  and  his  agents 
would  be  only  too  glad  to  Bell  them.  I  aBked  what  he  meant 
by  thiB,  and  he  said  that  we  ought  to  establish  garages  in 
the  big  oities  so  as  to  take  care  of. our  batteries  and  give 
them  the  attention  they  require,  and  that  we  ought  to  make  a 
oanvass  of  vehicle  owners  to  get  them  interested  in  the  battery 
and  that  we  ought  to  send  out  men  to  help  their  agents  sell 

the  battery.  He  said  the  Exide  people  ware  practically  doing 
this;  that  their  guarantee  on  Ironclad  batteries  was  very 
popular  and  that  it  had  in  a  large  measure  destroyed  any  sell¬ 
ing  talk  in  favor  of  our  battery.  He  wanted  us  to  co-oporate 
with  him  and  pay  part  of  an  exhibit  to  be  given  in  Hew  York 
in  January,  our  expense  to  be  $25.00  per  day  for  two  weeks. 

Both  Edison  and  Exide  batteries  would  be  shown.  This  propo-' 
sition  was  turned  down  because  of  the  uncertainty  of  the  present 

During  the  disoussion  he  attacked  Anderson;  said 
he  had  failed  two  times  and  that  his  settlements  with  credi¬ 
tors  were  small,  and  doubted  if  he  was  making  any  money  at  the 
present'  time.  He  said  that  he  knew  that  Anderson  was  losing 
on  his  garages.  He  hinted  at  the  possibility  of  a  combina¬ 
tion  among  the  eleotrio  vehicle  manufacturers,  and  through  out 
the  hint  that  Anderson  might  not  be  so  friendly  aB  we  think. 

They  have  used  an  Edison  battery  at  their  own  plant 
in  Cleveland  for  over  a  year,  and  it  waB  not  satisfactory, 
being  much  more  difficult  to  take  care  of  than  a  lead  battery. 
Ihey  sent  an  Edison  battery  to  their  agent  in  Detroit  with 
special  instructions  to  use  it.  in  the  demonstrating  car,  but 
it  was  sent  back  beoause  it  was  too  difficult  to  maintain  and 
too  expensive  to  operate. 

The  whole  effeot  of  the  interview  was  that  the  R.  S> 

1.  people  have  not  the  slightest  idea  as  to  the  merits  of  the 
battery  and  have  not  the  leaBt  spark  of  friendship  for  us. 


E.  L.  D.- 

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Indian  Orohaxd  &  Ludlow  Co 
Kura  Machine  Company 
Pennsylvania  Equipment  Co 
Chas  St  Stuoker  o/o  Deere 
J  Goldsmith  &  Sons 


-Operative  Assn  36  Worthington  St  Springfield  Mass  10-15-11  Unknown  sent- data  and  letter 
Quincy  Ill  Cor  11th  &  Maine  Sts  Unknown  10-13-11  Want's  agency 
West  End  Bldg  Philadelphia  Pa  Pow  Wag  "  Sent  letter  &  data 

&  Wether  Co  800  Washington  Ave  Do  MinneapolisUnknovm  "  "  " 

Memphis  Sum  D  5  Eoon  10-14-11  " 

October  18,  1911, 

Mr.  Edison, - 

I  have  had  prepared  and! 
have  turned  over  to  Mr.  Bee,  ten 
copies  of  the  list  of  Adaptatlono 
of  Edison  Battery. 

One  copy  you  have  i n  your 
deak,  and  I  have  retained  a  copy 
for  ray  files. 

If  you  want  any  more  copies, 
Mr.  Bee  will,  of  course,  send  such 
as  you  desire  over  to  you. 


Oct.  20,  1911, 

Blectra  Oyclo  Company, 

Mr .  Edison  was  vary  much  interested  in  the 
illustration  and  description  of  the  electris  motorcycle 
you  manufacture,  in  the  Automobile  Journal,  which  I  showed 
him  this  morning.  He  asked  me  a  lot  of  questions  about  the 
motorcycle  which  I  could  not  answer,  and  finally,  asked  mo 
to  write  you  and  request  that  yon  ship  one  of  these  motor¬ 
cycles  over  to  us,  on  consignment  for  a  few  days.  He  wishes 
tp  look  the  cycle  over,  and  see  if,  by  applying  some  ideas 
he  ha3  thought  of  in  the  way  of  a  special  battery  for  this 
kind  of  vehicle,  he  cannot  increase  your  mileage  and  speed. 

He  is  greatly  interested  in  all  new  adaptations 
of  Edison  Storage  Battery,  and  his  co-operation* will  do  you 
no  harm. 

If  you  are  willing  to  send  one  of  these  machines 
over,  I  suggest  that  you  send  it  without  the  battery,  as  we 
will  install  the  battery  after  it  reaches  here.  Simply  put 
the  box  on  the  machine  so  that  we  can  slip  the  battery  into 
it.  I  will  personally  take  the  machine  in  charge  when  it 
arrives,  and  will  bring  it  to  his  attention  at  once. 

He  feels  that  such  a  machine  should  meet  with  a 
large  sale,  and  is  sufficiently  interested  to  want  to  go 
over  the  machine  in  detail. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Personal  Representative  and  Engineer 
.  of  Mr.  Edison.  . _ 

memorandum  FOR  MB.  EDISON. 

S ~b-* r c.  cc*  ^3<s  y'-/try  -  So/sc, 

October  24,  1911. 

Mr.  Monnot  wishes  the  following 
photographs,  negatives  of  which  we  already 
have,  for  framing  and  hanging  up  in  his 
London  and  Paris  Offices . 

S^w,  Bumper, 

Exhibition  Cell  A-4, 

Shipping  Boom  Floor , 

•Railroad  car  of  cells  for  Anderson, 
Concussion  testing  wagon. 

Forming  and  Testing  Room, 

Assembling  Cells, 

Battery  Building, 

I^on  Loading  Boom  with  men, 

Iron  Loading  Boom  without  men, 

Tube  making  machines. 

Inspection  Boom, 

Cranes,  , . .  .  , 

Peeling  sheet  of  huilt  up  metal 
off  of  crane  cylinders, 
Cutting  up  flake  sheet, 

S&Lvor  Lake  buildings . 
Oxygen-acetylene  welding  outfits, 
A-12  cell  with  top  off, 

Dittoip  with  top  on, 

New  Design  B-4  cell. 

In  addition,  cell  group,  showing  111 
forms  of  cells,  up-to-date.  This  negative  has 
not  yet  been  made. 

I  do  not  want  to  send  these  photographs 
out  without  your  permission,  hut  as  practically 
all  of  them  have  been  shcr&n  in  our  catalogues, 
Srinprinted  publication^  I  don-t  suppose  there 
will  be  any  objection  for  Mr.  Monnot  to  have  a 
set  of  them. 

7  Tti  6-  h*rft. 

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Uj-erw<£5  6<1.  _ :  ... 

Memo  for  Mr.  Edison. 

Mr .  Edison: 

I  have  been  endeavoring,  for  three  days,  to  compile 
an  advertisement  suitable  for  this  educational  campaigh  we  are 
considering.  The  more  I  try,  the  more  am  I  convinced  that  such  a 
campaign  will  prove  exceedingly  expensive  and,  perhaps,  unwise. 

The  electrical  pleasure  vehicle  end  of  the  battery  business 
is  very  small  when  compared  with  other  lines  that  remain  untouched. 

You  are  dealing  with  a(  class  of  people  in  the  pleasure  vehicle  end 
who,  as  a  rule,  know  but  little  of  batteries  or  things  scientific,  and 
who  are  easily  influenced  by  local  garages,  in  spite  of  all  the 
advertisements  they  may  read. 

If  you  state  that  the  ordinary  garage  man,  or  some  of  them, 
do  not  recommend  Edison  BatterJ:  because  of  deartn  of  repair  work 
when  once  installed,  he  is  going  to  get  back  at  you,  even  to  the 
extent,  perhaps,  of  adding  a  little  aluminum  or  chlorine  to  such  cells 
as  he  has  access  to.  As  a  rule,  the  garage  proprietors  are  crooks, 
and  do  not  hesitate  to  resort  to  underhand  methods  if  aroused. 

The  lead  battery  people  could  and  would  quickly  convey  to  him  in  an 
indirect  manner/  what  to  put  in  the  cells. 

On  the  other  hand,  when  you  are  dealing  with  responsible 
commercial  concerns,  such  as  Department  Stores,  Telephone  Companies, 
etc,,  these  matters  are  under  control,  because  one  man  is  responsible 
for  the  battery  equipment  and  would  not  dare  to  abuse  them. 

A  casual  glance  at  the  list  I  prepared,  reveals  several 
unworked  fields,  wherein  the  lead  battery  cannot  compete  at  all. 

Do  you  not  think  the  same  amount  of  money  you  contemplate  Bpending 
in  this  advertising  campaign  can  be-used  to  better  advantage,  perhaps, 
than  as  contemplated? . 

this  battery  already, 

You  have  Bpent  a  large  amount  of  money  on 
and  ought  to  commence  to  get  some  of  it  hack  now a  You  are  naturally  a 
fighter,  if  drawn  into  a  scrap,  and  will  he  inclined  to  go  the  limit 
if  the  lead  people  retort,  as  they  certainly  will.  They  will  not  remain 

Anderson  is  doing  good  work.  Suppose  we  wait  and  see  how  he 
makes  out  before  joining  in,  meanwhile  concentrating  on  other 
lines?  We  can  get  Anderson  to  work  in  the  various  arguments  in  favor 
of  the  Edison  Battery,  including  the  photo  of  theoverloaded  car, 
as  his  staff  will  run  out  of  ideas  soon  and  will  he  coming  to  us  for 
some  new  ones.  Meanwhile  we  can  go  ahead  on  other  lines. 

That  Butcher  Wagon  is  going  to  he  worth  a  dozen  pleasure 
vehicle  lines.  Interurban  cars,  electric  terminal  locomotives,  house 
lighting  etc.  ali  offer  large  markets  WHERE  THE  LEAD  BATTERY  CANNOT 
COMPETE.  By  spending  enough  money  to  einploy  really  proficient  and  exper¬ 
ienced  mento  work  up  some  of  these  fields,  results  of  a  lasting 
nature  with  freedom  from  the  annoyance  to  which  you  will  he  subjec¬ 
ted  in  this  contemplated  campaign,  will  obtain. 

The  Klaxon  Co.  has  spent  over  $75,000  in  the  last  six  months 
educating  the  public  to  the  perfectly  obvious  fact  that  a  harsh  Bound 
is  the  real  warning  signal.  Nothing  more.  The  education  of  the  public 
by  paid  advertisements  is  extremely  expensive,-  They  entered  the 
campaign  thinking  $25,000  would  be  sufficient.  Your  campaign  is 
much  more  difficult  and  will  certainly  cost  over  $100,000.00  before 
you  see  daylight.  Is  the  game  woith  the  canBle  when  your  own 
peace  of  mind  is  added  to  actual  cash  expenditure? 

You  have  been  fighting  all  your  life.  It  is  time  you  commence 
to  enjoy  peace  after  all  your  labors.  That  "30  watt  hours  per  pound" 
battery  will  do  more  actual  good  when  perfected  tha*  volumes  of 


advertising  natter.  You  are  l.the  only  man  who  can  bring  this 
about,  and  your  work  will  be  seriously  hampered  by  the  underhanded 
retorts  you  will  get  from  the  lead  people,  because  it  will  upset 
your  peace  of  mind. 

You .have  nothing  to  fear  as  to  this  Factory  keeping  busy  as 
soon  as  this  submarine  cell  is  on  the  market,  I  will  guarantee  to 
keep  a  factory  of  twice  the  size  working  day  and  night  by  the  end  of 
two  or  three  years.  But  I  have  got  to  have  a  lighter  battery  for 
equal  power,  or  a  more  powerful  one  for  equal  weight  when  the 
submarines  graduate  from  the  500  and  1000  ton  class  to  the  5,000 
and  10,000  ton  final  development.  The  present  standard  hydrate  in 
small  tubes  will  do  for  the  next  three  years,  but  1  do  so  want  to 
see  a  higher  capacity  from  the  same  volume  and  weight. 

If  I  were  not  exceedingly  fond  of  you  and  deeply  concerned 
in  your  welfare,  and  if  I  did  not  know  you  would  accept  this  latter 
in  the  spirit,  in  which  it  is  written,  I  would  not  presume  to  write 
it.  Jot  thepast  ten. years  I  have  been. actively  associated  with  large 
financial  interests  as  business  engineer.  My  activities  were  not  con¬ 
fined  to  engineering  matters  solely.  Business  policy  has  entered 
largely.  Some  of  my  suggestions  have  been  adopted  and  have  proven 
successful.  I  have  expressed  adverse  advice  in  two  large  wars  that 
were  waged  between  interests,  and  have  seen  my  judgment  vindicated  by 
losses  running  into  the  hundreds  of  thoudands  which  would  have  been 
avoided  by  diplomatic  handling  of  the  issue.  But  I  do  not 
presume  to  pit  my  experience  against-  your  mature  judgment  .  Your  word 
and  wishes  are  Law  to  me,  and  I  stand  ready  to  follow  your  decision 
in  all  things .  Whatever  ability  I  may  have  is  at  your  disposal  for 
20  hours  a  day  and  365  days  in  the 

Oct.  30,  1911 

Bioycling  World  Co  . , 

154  Nassau  Street., 
New  York  City. 

Gentlemen, - 

.  Please  furnish  me  with  the 
correct  address  of  the  Blectra  Cycle 
Company,  of  Chicago,  Ill. 

I  have  addressed  a  letter 
to  them  at  Chicago,  Ill.,  hut  it  has 
been  returned  to  me. 

Thanking  you  in  advance,  I 

|out8  very  truly, 

Army  and  Navy  Representative 


Edison  Storage  Battery  Co., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Attention  M.  R.  Hutchinson 


We  have  your  favor  of  the  30th  instant 
and  in  reply  thereto  would  say  that  the  address  of  the 
Electra  Oyole  Company  is  85  Horton"  Avenue,  Detroit, 


trusting  this  is  the  information  you 

desire,  we  aro, 

Yours  very  truly , 


(1  (Compiled  by  M.  R.  Hutohisoa.i  , 

t  "z^U/ o-v.  j  “TyvY* 

FOR  SHE  IER  0PH13 IOH  OR-  .  r~~  i  • 

f-  Eleotrio  t« 

Jf>  Mining  loot 

EOR  gHE  fe0HTT,9I0Hi_0F-  ***&%*« 

<9  $-  ?•  Eleotrio  terminal  locomotives*  jj^t^^^oaS^e  ’■M'Hj 

/  j^ohargeX  and  diaoharged 

S'  v  L  tjJJ  at  a  very  high  rate. " 

V  ,  (Hot  ajfeoted  hy  oon- 

oussioiT of  rough  handling 
_  as  in  Coupling  the  train 

I  U  Oj  up, 

>_  — 2S>  3L  indusitrlaJ^nlant  looomotivesv  (Tiiaplaoing  the  dangerous 

/  ^ (liAA^UAs  ,  Bteara,  ooraproBsed  air, 

'  ^“5^7  and  super-heated  Btoam 

\  !  loooraotlveBte^d^^eife^' 

O- »  Industrial  plant  indoor  trnoks. (A  number  of  hand  truck 
0  **'  *  manufacturers  are  going  into 

thiB  fields  Che  field 
covers  handling  baggage j 
freight  on  p'lers ,  machine 

ss*s isiferv-¥&*v) 

/  4T“  Fire  EngineB  and  fire  trucks. 

/C  lawn  Mowers.— A- 

I  y  {it.  Road  rollers* 


'  J  KT 

^ ^  mission 

(Muoh  more  dependable 

than  the  gaeolene  engine^  ^ 

Always  ready.  Might  Wnbl«— ' 

to  interest  the  American 

la  France  Fire  Engine  Co. 

in  Hewark). 

(Horses  diBfigure  lawns 
by  their  ho  of -prints.*,  Gaso¬ 
line  engine  lawn  mowers  are 
not  perfected  yet.  -  Shore  is 
no  reason  why  the  eleotrio 
lawn  mower  will  not  surpass 
all  other  forum; of  power_for 
this  pur  pose.  Sn^vfzM-  -ft  dfi*****-' 

(Road  rollers  nmBt  have 
weight.  She  steam  engine  is 
obnoxious  in  cities,  and  will 
not  be  tolerated  very,  much 
longer.  Hi^t  try  to  inter¬ 
est  some  of  the  road j roller 



Railway  inspection  oars. 

Jfl..  Street  sweepers  and  sprinklers. 

ft.  Elec-trio  omnibuses. 




MT,.  Eleotrlo  truoks. 

*k.  Eleotrlo  pleasure  oars. 
Eleotrlo  motor  oyolos. 

/3 ; 

3^.  Eleotrlo  farming  machinery. 

HOrD-ttbiiiiielne  bents. 

(Much  rawfe  reliable  than 
a  gasolene  propelled  in- 
speotion  oar,  bb  it  la  not 
so  liable  to  break  aown  on 
a  main  line  with  conse¬ 
quent  danger  from  trains 
oolliding  with  it). 

(The  wear  ana  tear  on 
olutoh  and  gear  shifting 
meohanlsra  is  so  great,  thqt 
street  sweepers  and  sprink¬ 
lers  have  not  yet  oome  into 
general  use.  The  eleotrlo 
street  sweeper  or  sprink¬ 
ler  is  far  superior; ) 

(Ear  superior  to  tho 
gasolene,  beoause  of 
absenoe  of  wear  ana  tear 
on  olutoh,  gasolene  engine 
and  gear  mechanism. 

(There  is  already  one 
motor  oyole  manufacturing 
obnoern  that  1b  turning  out 
eleotrlo  motor  oyoleB.  They 
now  use  Eai eon  Bat  tery  as 
well  as  lead..  Any  of  the 
bicycle  magaeines  oon- 
tain  the  advertisement. ) 

The  our rent  taken  out  of 
the  battery  in  a  ten  mile 
run,  oan  be  put  in  again  in 
ten  minutes.  A  five  mile 
run  in  five  minutes,  eto., 
up  to  about  20  miles,  when 
it  will  take  longer,  as 
the  battery  bannot  then  be 
ohargea  at  suoh  a  high  rate 
unless  it  is  very  well  vent 
iiatod'and  ooblea. ) 

(A  gasolene  engine,  or  any 
other  oombustion  engine 
in  a  wheat  field  1b  a  dan¬ 
gerous  proposition.  After 
the  wheat  is  dry  and  ready 
for  stacking  end  gathering 
a  fire  will  do  a  good  deal 
of  damage. ) 

'.is  in  Hr. 

Electric  launches. 

Short  trip  ferry  heats. 

Qh*-  •■ 

(Excellent  for  inland  lakes, 
hut  for  heavy  bob  work,  such 
as  on  the  Atlantio  Coast, 
the  gasolene  engine  is 
superior,  heoause  of  its 
lighter  weight,  thereby 
greater  sea-worthiness  of 
the  ornft). 

(Many  Btreet  railway  lines, 
eto.  operate  short  ferries. 

An  example  iB  at  Rochester, 

H.  7. ,  where  a  small  ferry 
boat  runs  from  the  7aoht 
Club  to  the  other  side  of 
the  river  -  only  about  360 
feet.  It  1b  propelled  by  a 
steam  engine,  operating 
on  a  ohain  that  lies  at  the 
bottom  of  the  river.  Two  men 
necessary  to  operate  thiB 
boat,  lloensed  pilot,  and 
licensed  engineer. 
be  operated  by  one  man  if 
Edison  Bet  tery  installed  to 
operate  the  ohain  driving 
meohanlBm.  Charging  oan  be 
done  at  one  of  the  termin¬ 
als,  as  the  boat  lies 
for  five  minutes  at  each  end 
between  trips. ) 

(In  Mr.  Huteh*TraB»s  hnnrtfi 




1.  Klaxon  Warning  Signals. 

8.  Automobile  ignition  systems. 

{There  are  oyer  6<57ooo 
Klaxons  and  KlaxonetB  in 
use  today  in  the  TJ. 


ated  by  a  battery  of  some  , 
hind.  She  majority  e*^he  14/56. 
MMmmh  lead  Btorago.  I 
batter ieB.  She  moBt  univer^i 
sally  used  Klaxon^,  typos  I+-s» 
take  our  I 

standard  B-2  or  B-4  ignit¬ 
ion  sets.  They  are  wound 
to  run  from  6  volts,  and  , 
take  about  7  amperes.  Their  I 
use  is  of  very  Bhort  duration 
each  time  wfee*r  they  are  blown 
and  therefore,,  it  oan  be  brief¬ 
ly  stated  that  a  Type  1  or 
Tyne  S  Klaxon  oan  be  oper- 
at  ad  for  one  year  from  a 
B-4  ignition  Bet.,  without 
re-oharging  or  without  the  , 
addition  of  any  water.  ThiB| 
has  been  done  for  the  past 
two  years  on  the  oar  of  Mr. 
Hutohison,  the  inventor^of 
the  Klaxon.  (See  curve  Ho. 

48,  sour  of  vhii' 

»■  iaberateryj) 

amieu 'or  vae 

The  Klaxonet  oan  be  run  for 
a  year  on  a  B-E  ignition 
set,  without  ro-oharging  i 
or  ihe  addition  of any  J 
water.  Of  course,  it  is  InutM. 

to  add  distilled  I 
water  about  every  three 
months ;  ***** 

. .  nsir  ■  T'***"  A11  boni- 

fide  dealers,  and  Jobbers 
in  the  U.  3.  handle  Klaxons 
and  should  be  approaohed 
on  sale  of  Edison  Battery 
for  this  purpose.  The  same 
battery  oan  be  used  for 
ignition  and  for  operating 
the  lights,  but  of  course, 
if  an  increased  load  is  put 
on  it,  it  must  be  oharged 
oftener. ) 

{Where  th?*ba$3ery‘ is  used 
simply  to  start  the  engine 
up,  and  for  that  purpose 
alone,  it  will  operatefor 
at  least  two  years  without 
re-oharging,  but  water 
should  be  aided  about  every 
three  months.  *-**<e*-*«> 
the  l~ti  The  B-E;  should  do 
this  work  for  a  year;,:  with¬ 
out  re-oharging. 

B-4  is  used  for  ignition 
all  the  time , >it 

*•  5?K  £& STS’ JSffii- 

al  plantB,  most  of  them  be¬ 
ing  ignited  by  battery, 
l'hey  ran  usually  about  10 
hours  a  day,  and  under 
Buoh  oiroumstanoes,  the 
battery  should  be  oharged 
about  onoe  every  month, 
if  the  B-J2  is  uoed,  and 
about  onoo  every  two 
months  if  the  B-4  is  used. ) 

4.  Motor  oyol.  lsn«lon  .ystow.  <M» 

ing  up  less  room  and  not 
weighing  no  muoh  bb  the 
standard  dry  cell,  oan  be 
used  for  ignition  on 
motor  oyolos.  At  present, 
dry  oells  are  used  univer¬ 
sally  on  aotoroyolea  for 
ignition,  except  on  tho  more 
advanced  typeB  thathgvo 
magnetos.  The  samdXbattery 
will  operate  the  lighting 
system  of  the  motoroyole, 
which  is,  at  present  def¬ 
icient,  r dying  BOlely 
upon  acetylene,  or  kero- 
Bene  lamps.  All  the  motor¬ 
oyole  manufaoturers  Bhould 
be  canvassed  in  this  matter 
and  dealers  and  jobbers  eoen. ) 

,  Automobile  and  gas  engine 
electric  self-starting. 


(Within  the  next  year  or  +_ 

two,  no  gasolene  ft ^ 

najjlst  tips wrintnT  will  be 
st—iHI  bg  tin  ■  ■»«>,  m 
mm  ittajalag  .  Various 
forms  of  self-starters 
including  motors#  whioh 
act  as  generators  to  re- 
oharge  the  battery  after 
the  oar. is  started,  and 
simple  motors  alone,  rope**  . 
uJu*  bj  waliewM^* >  m  j  This 
starting  of  a  gas  engine 
requires  very  heavy  ourrent. 

A  lead  battery  will  d0ter” 
lorate  under  suoh  treatment, 
beoatusc  it  amounts  tlmmt 
to  short-oirouit.  The  ■  ,  1 

Edison  Battery  :is  the  nty 
lM*k  adapted  to  this  work. 

All  the  automobile  manufact¬ 
urers,  should  be  seen,  es¬ 
pecially  the  Cadillao  Co., 
who  are  now  turning  out 
suoh  a  device,  E.  V,  Hart¬ 
ford  of  the  Hartford  Shook  Ab¬ 
sorber  Co.,,  hae  also  gotten  ■ 

6.  Electric  o ranee  ana.  holBts. 

roBiaenoe  for  lighting,  he 
is  very  partial  to  the 
Edison  Battery.  He  should  he 
seen  at  onoo«  H1b  aaftreBB 
ie  Jersey  Oity,  H.  J. ) 

(The  manufacturers  of  these 
should  ne  interviewed, ae 
they  now  operate  by  trolley. 
Owing  to  the  flexibility 
of  oontrol  of  an  eleotrio 
motor,  it  la  best  adapted 
to  orane  work.  The  manu¬ 
facturers  of  all  oranoB 
should  bo  interviewed 
in  this  matter. ) 

,  Eleotrio  HolBts  for  mines. 

(Praotioally  all  the  iron 
rails  and  other  magnetic  , 

substances  are  loaded  am  turnuA 
lake  steamers  by  large  J 

oleotro-raagnets.  If  the 
powor  oiroult  goes  off 
While  tho  magnot  has  a  load 
in  mid-air,  tho  load  falls  y- 

these  mngnetB  are  operated  by  | 
storage  battery:  this  contingenpy 
will  not  arise.  The  elootrie 
orane  and  hoist  people 
should  bo  seen.  There  are 
a  numbor  of  advertisements 
in  the  "Electrical  World" 
and  other  teohnioal  papers 
by  manufacturers  of  eleotrio 
lifting  magnets  for  this 
purpose. ) 

(Each  mine  should  be 
equipped  with  a  reserve 
battery,  so  that  in  case 
anything  happens  to  the 
power  oirbuit  operating 
the  mining  hoists,  the 
battery  will .furnish  the 
current .  In  such  case,  the 
battery  can  be  ohsrged 
about  onoe  a  month,  and 
held  in.  reserve.  It  neod 
not  be  a  very  large  battery, 
only  of  sufficient  capacity 
to  operate -the  hoists  for 
Bay,  one  half  day ,  amt 

(ill  Iwb^  oontral  stations 
have  main  switohes  whioh 
are  operated  by  batterie 
when  the  over-load  oomes 


May  £6th,  1911. 

Mr.  D.  Basoh, 

Switchboard  Engineer, 
General  Eleotrio  Co., 
Soheneotady,  H.  i. 

When  I  returned  to  the  laboratory  the 
other  day,  after  having  aisoussea  this  matter  of  operating  your 
switches  in  power  atationB,  X  had  a  type  A-4  and  a  type 
A-6  battery  put  on  test,  to  enable  me  to  determine  JuBt  What 
type  is  best  suited  for  thiB  Bervioe. 

The  type  A-8  proved  most  BatiBfaotory, 
the  dlsoharge  voltage  on  400  amperes  being  bb  follows:  At  the  end 
of  1-1/2  seoondB  voltage  1.04,  at  the  end  of  1-2/ B  Beoonde  voltage 
1.017.  At  the  end  of  E^Z/B  seoondB  voltage  1.016. 

At  the  ena  of  16s  seoondB  voltage  1. 

It  1b,  therefore,  evident  that  by  using 
,  80  type  A-8  oells,  you  can  fLoat  thorn  on  the  ^BjWlt  lino  and  1)0 
sure  of  80  volts  at  400  amperes,  whenever  the  direct  °*r£?** 
breakers  need  them.  You  oan  lei  these  batteries  remain  floating 
on  the  line  for  long  periods  of  time,  without  farther 
attention  than  replacing  with  water  about  onoo  a  weok. 

(Signed)  M.  R.  HUTOHISOH. 

oglleft  Wr  The  lead  battery 
deteriorates  rapidly,  by  I 

reason  of  itB  being  on  charge 
all  tho  time,  and  being  seldom 
used.  The.  Edison  Battery 
will  stand  this  over- 
charging  indefinitely  with¬ 
out  any  Injury  whatever.) 

/©-I  wt  Blasting  apparatus. 

M.^Booal  telegraph 

.  Uk’u  U/ifft™  It*** 

Jiats.  -taW  InGZviCr  . 

(On  the  system  designed  * 

through  whe  are  light/m 
Into  rurhak,  ears  Whei/the 
attain  111  TKeTo  )untny, charge 
storage  hatueri >s^  /from 
these  storaga.  h  itttries, 
nower  1b  derltP  L/Tor  oper- 
-— trtrmg  thd  air  a  fete  motors, 
li^ts .  of_jtuLy|i 

-  life  power  thus  jawel  ls  ~how 
thrown  awayfhy  rofiistanoo 

iie^t  to/fet  tt  rraiiage-— 
down  from  BOO  ■voltsYto  46 
■gn-l -ta-^for  line  t  f  the\arO 

light/  Ihe  hatl  BWy-iiLser- 
ies/iththe  aj  o  light  takei 

*^felst|noer~Srr^hq^“gfi  ^ 

(Eleotrid  setting  off  of 
Blasts  is  universally  used 
In  all  mines  and  quarries. 
Ihe  B-fi  or  B-4  oells  is  ex- 
oellently  adapted  to  this 
work.  It  should  he  worked 
up  and  companies  manufact¬ 
uring  such  apparatus  should 
he  interviewed. 

0,  Burglar  Alarum. 

,  Eire  alarms. 

.  Small  fan  motors. 

Thermal  Eogulators. 

r  Ventilating  fanB. 

very  good  Batisi  )tion. ) 

(The  Amorioan  Telegraph  and  Telephone 
Co.  use  a  large  number  of  storage  bat¬ 
teries  for  operation  of  burglar  alarum 
and  should  be  interviewed.  There  are 
also  a  number  of  private  burglar  alarn 
oorapanies  that  should  be  interviewed. } 

(Every  oity  and  town  in  the  U.3.  that 
is  equipped  with  a  fire  alarm  Bystem 
uses  storage  batteries.  A  town  of  the 
slue  of  West  Orange,  for  instance,  , 
uses  a  five  ampere  hour  oell.  The  dis¬ 
charge  ourrent  is  very  low.  They  have 
reserve  battery,  using  one  Bet  of 
oells  for  24  hours,  and  throwing  it  off 
and  putting  it  on  oharge  for  24  hours,' 
while  the  other  set  is  being  used. The 
Qamewell  Eire  Alarm  people  should  be 
interviewed  in  this  matter,  as  well  as 
all  independent  fire  alarm  apparatus 
manufacturers. ) 

(Tho  temperature  of  oold  storage  boxes 
used  by  butchers,  eto. ,  is  regulated 
by  a  thermostat,  which  operates  the 
eleotrio  motor  to  start  up  or  stop  the 
compressor,  as  the  temperature  within 
the  Storage  box  goes  up  or  down  from  thb 
oritioal  point.  3uoh  menutooturerB  as 

the  Brunswick  Refrigerating  Oo.  Hew 

BrunBwiok,  B.J..aud  other  menufaoturors 
of  refrigerating  machinery  Bhouia  be 
interviewed. )  The  temperature  of  Build¬ 
ings  also  controlled  by  Thermostat, 

(All  mineB  are  equipped  with' lerge, 
t listing  fans,  usually  eleotrioally  drij- 
ven. In  the  event  of  failure  of  tho 
source  of  supply  of  ourrent,  these j 
should  be  oper  ated  by  storage  battarleto 

(A  groat  many  menufaoturors  use  exhauBt 
fane  for  taking  away  gases,  eto.  from 
processes  of  manufacture. In  the  event  ox 
failure  of  the  supply  of  ourronty  those 
fans  will  stop.  A  storage  battery  instaL 
led  to  act  in  emergenoy  will  be  ad- 
visable.  ExhauBt- fan  and  ventilating  fa i 
manufacturers  should  be  interviewed. 

( The  phy8ioians  and  surgeons  of  the 

U.  S.  should  be  oiroularijeed  on  a  oom- 

plote  small  fan  motor  outfit  with. 

Edison,  Storage  Battiery,'  for  use  with 

their  patients,,  during  warm  weather. 

The  lives  of  Mr.  Edlson'B  ohauf four's 
wife  and  baby,  lsw~ 

A)  Aw 

fli.  Sewing  maohinee. 

(Large  manufacturers  of 
drees  goods,  shirt  waists, 
eto.  operate  sewing  maohinee. 
Sometimes  the  power  goes  off 
with  consequent  lose  of  time 
It  might  he  found  advis- 
able  to  eea  some  of  these 
people  to  determine  if  they 
would  not  he  willing  to  put 
in  an  Edison  Battery  to  he 
used  in  reserve.  Sewing  maohl 
manufacturers  should  ho  inter* 
viewed  with  a  view  of  using 
Edison  Battery  on  their 
electrically  driven  sewing 
machines  they  supply  to  in¬ 
dividual  households.) 


q*.  Vacuum  cleaners. 

m.  Cigar  lighters. 

(All  the  vaouun  oleaner 
manufacturers  should  he 
seen,  as  many  of  them 
operate  eleotrio  vaouum 
cleaners  whioh  oannot  he 
used  in  many  instances, heoaue a 
of  the  absence  of  power,.  A 
great  many  of  these  vaouum 
cleaners  are  installed  in 
residences,  where  nothing 
hut  alternating  current  is 
available  and  only  at  night. 

With  a  rectifier  to  charge 
the  storage  battery,  the  dire  at 
current  vaouum  oleaner  can  he 
used,  and  it  might  he  found 
advisable  to  take  this  up. ) 

(All  the  manufacturers  of 
cigar  lighters  should  he  seen, 
heaause  they  all  use  dry  hattsr- 
les  for  operating  these  cigar 
lighter*,  The  American 
Electric  Hovelty  Co.  manu¬ 
facture  a  cigar  lighter.  The 
American  Tohaooo  Co.  and  the 
United  Cigar  Stores  Co.  could 
furnish  a  list  of  the  oigar 
lighter  manufacturers,  that 
are  the  best,  and  they  ohould 
he  seen  in  this  connection. ) 

3K  Phonographs  . 

!|U-  Household  moving  pioture 

( The  business  phonograph 
would  he  used  much  more  ex¬ 
tensively  in  plaoew  not- 
supplied  with  power  for  opera  • 
ting.  This  battery  oan  also 
ho  used  for  operating  house¬ 
hold  phonograph*. ) 

(Thl*  little  maohine,  whioh 
will  soon  be  oh  the  market, 
oan  he  operated  aa  to  it* 
light,  by  Edison  storage  Batt< 


took!  'batter'"!  telephones. 

-flj.  Central  battery  telephone 
By  stems. 

JtU  Sleotrio  revolution 


Poor  belle. 

Oes  lighting  apparatus. 

(In  all  BUhurban  districts 
and  small  Jowns,  eaoh  tele¬ 
phone  has  two  or  three  cells 
of  dry  battery  for  operating 
it.  These  dry  batteries  de¬ 
teriorate  rapidly,  and  it 
1b  a  source  of  constant  expense 
to  the  telephone  Cos.  to  renew 
these.  Telephone  manufaotureri 
should  be  interviewed  on  the 
matter  of  the  cylindrical  oell, 
as  they  will  oertainly  oome  in¬ 
to  use  for  this  purpose.  The 
Stromberg-Oarlson  Telephone 
Ufg.  Oo.  uses  80  oarloads  of 
dry  batteries  a  year  on  the 
telephones  they  manufacture 
and  Bend  out*  An  Edison 
Battery  should  operate  a  tele- 
phone  for  several  yearB  with¬ 
out  re- charging,  as  it  ie  not 
in  circuit  exoept  when  the 
telephone  1b  being  used.) 

(All  telephone  manufacturers 
use  lead  Btorage  batterieB  for 
their  central  battery.  These 
will  vary  in  size  from  the  A-4 
to  the  A-12,  depending  upon  th« 
load.  The  salesman  handling 
the  telephone  business  should 
study  up  on  this  matter  by  re¬ 
ferring  to  ourvee  of  perf ora- 
anoe  which  we  already  have; ) 

(There  are  a  number  of  instru¬ 
ments  made  which  indicate  the 
successive  revolutions  of 
engines  by  contacts  closed  by 
the  main  shafts  operating 
electro-magnet  in  indicating 
devices  places  at  various  plaoi s 
about  the  premises,  or  about  the 
ship,  if  used  on  board  ship. 

The  Edison  Storage  Battery  oan 
be  used  for  this  purpose.) 

(Edison  Battery  of  cylindrical 
form  oan  be  used  for  several 
years  for  operating  door  bells, 
floor-pushes,  eto.  ,  in  resid¬ 
ences,  before  it  is  necessary 
to  re- charge  them.  The  present 
dry  batteries  go  out  of  Use  by 
reason  of  the  high  temperature 
of  a  house,  dry',  heat,  eta.,  lr 
the  Winter  time. ) 

(All  gas  lighting  apparatus 
is  operated  by  dry  oells. 

The  Edison  Battery  oylindrioa 
form  is  exoellently  adapted  t 
this,  and  will 

n  -i||itiiiii—Mnni  iTni  imir 



Factory  machinery,  lights, 
and  temporary  power  irom 
batteries  on  truoke. 

(Oaraeea  have  oentral 
Btatione  equipped  with 
eleotrio  trucks,  and  oan 
let  it  he  known  among  tho 
manufacturers  that  power 
from  these  truoke  oan  he 
enpplied  in  oaee  oi'  eraergenoy 
hy  running  tho  trunk  to  the 
promisee,  and  oonneoting  up  {; 
to  the  power  and  lighting 
oirouit  on  the  premises. 
Mamifaoturine  oonoerne  etc., 
owner b  and  operatore  of 
olootrio  tmokn  oan  use  theip 
own  truoke  for  thiB  purpose. 

Bleotrlo  self-playing  pianos. 

a um  tavu  mow,  ™  bv**- 

p laying  piano  people  ehould 
he  interviewed  in  the  matter. ) 

( These  drills  are  doming 
into  use  universally  in 
garages,  eto..  and  many 
times  on  outside  jobs,  they 
owmot  he  operated  heoanse 
of  the  ahseaoe  of  power.  She 
portable  drill  manufacturers 
should  he  interviewed). 

4&.  Portable  eleatrio  drills. 

$0  Portable  riveters. 

Off  Tree  spraying  apparatus. 

3 Xj|  'Jjtf.  Cement  Blowing  apparatus. 

(The  same  applies  here). 

{The  UBe  of  sprays  tor 
preventing  destruction  of 
trees  by  InBoots  Is  coming 
into  universal  use.  These 
sprays  are  usually  operated 
hy  gasolene  snelnoB.  There 
Is  no  rosson  why  they  should 
not  he  operated  hy  storage 
batteries  with  eleotrio 
motors .  The  manufacturers 
of  such  apparatus  should  he 
interviewed) . 

(A  new  system  has  reoently 
oomo  Into  vogue,  hy  Which 
oement  Is  sprayed  or  blown 
onto  the  steel  work,  instead 
of  being  put  on  hy  hand,  as 
hy  HaBons,  eto.  The  manufac¬ 
turers  of  this  apparatus  should 
he  Interviewed,  because  it  la 
not  always  convenient  to  eet 
power  to  oporate  the  motor 
for  this  purpose.  The  same 
truck  that  thoy  haul  their 
merohanaiso  with  could  he  used 
for  doing  this.) 

Eleotrio  time  systems. 

There  are  a  large  number  of 
Eleotrio  olooks  In  use  In 
schools  and  faotories  through^ 
out  the  United  States.  In  then > 
systems,  a  master  olook.  Which 
Is  supposed  to  keep  perfect  tlroi,  , 
oloaes  the  circuit  every  minute , 
sending  current  through  the 
secondary  olooks,  which,  hy  means 
of  oloot roe-magnets,  operate 
the  hands  to  keep  th«m  in  stop 
with  the  master  clock's  hands. 

All  sohools  and  oolleges  should 
he  oanvossed  in  this  matter,  00 
well  as  other  places  where  snob 
olooks  are  used.  This  includes 
railway  stations,  eto.  Also  the 
Eleotrio  clock  manufacturers  to 
he  interviewed.  There  are  some 
eleotrio  olooks  that  use  mag¬ 
netos,  with  no  battery.  But  th>y 
ore  expensive  and  are  not  in  as 
much  use  as  the  battery  dperatek 

Eleotrio  toye  of  all  kinda. 

(AH  manuiaotwrera  of 
toya  should  toe  interviewed. 
They  nae  now.  dry  toBttdriee. 
Theee  Ary  batteries  last 
for  a  short  time,  and  the 
operation  of  the  toyB  ia  not 
BBtiBfaotory.  Chore  iB  B 
very  large  market  awaiting 
the  cylindrical  oell  for 

(I^wb  will/shon  he  pao\eft, 
n  e  o  i  t  e/ing\the  Mnlpsent  of 

all  enbw^y-  nnd\elOTataa  \raims  v 
with  ema/reenoy  w/hts,  operated 
1m  storage  Batteries,  bo  Aat 
whan  t/e  \>ower^goeii  oixythk  w 
llgMjr  will  remain  \n  tpo  oaJu/| 
The  M&Adoo  NPjmnel  sjretem  In  Be® 
York/is  so  equipped The  l>fe<l\ 
hat/efy  Service  on\ 

thlB,  neoauee  \  t  fteteripfates 
r*pldly)f  ShiH  matter  lain  Ur. 
Thompsonls  lmnda\ 

She  law  will  Boon  oompol  the 
Illumination  of .  subways  By 
storage  battery  llghtB,  or  a 
reserve  Btor&ge  Battery  in  the 
power  citations ,  to  take  oare  of 
the  lights  In  case  the  power  go 
off.  | 

(She  difference  In  weight  Bo- 
twdW'f hh^l&on'  Birt  t*ry\tad 

(The  small  oylindrloel  ooll 
Is  excellently  adapted  for  thle 
kind  of  work,  and  should  he 
pushed  for  this). 

(The  some  applies). 

(p  *. 

7 1 

t  *• 

Automobiles,  either  in  battery 
alone  or  in  oonjunotion  with 

Mining  lamps. 

Police  lamps. 

(There  are  a  laree  number 
of  lighting  outfits  being 
installed  on  automobile 8 . 

The  objection  that  haa  boon 
raised,  to  the  Edison  Battery Aj 
thus  far  on  Buoh  lighting 
outfits  la  the  difference 

of  potential  between  the 
oharge  and  discharge  voltage. 

This  ia  of  no  moment  however, 
beoawse  when  a  oar  ie  stand¬ 
ing  still,  it  dooB  not  need  the 
lighta  an  brilliant  aa  when 
moving.  The  battery  is  simply 
to  take  oars  of  the  lights  when 
the  Bpeed  of  the  engine  fallB 
below  a  certain  rate  of  rotation , 
Therefore,  the  argument  is 

bo  uBed^IxPthiB  j 
work.  -  lead  Battoriea  now 
being  installed  will  soon 
commence  to  play  out  and  the 
Edison  Battery  will  oomo  in  on 
the  renewal  b.  This  field  Bhould. 
he  pushed  very  hard) . 

(All  miners  use  a  lamp.  The 
cylindrical  cells  can  be  used 
for  thie  purpose  to  great  ad¬ 
vantage.  large  mine  owners 
should  be  oommunioatod  with  on 
thia  subject.  In  fact,  a  com¬ 
plete  miner' a  lamp  should  be 
gotten  up  and  add  with  Edison 

(All  policemen  on  night  duty 
carry  an  inapeotion  lamp  for 
inspecting  looks  of  doors,  eto. t 
These  lamps  are  now  operated  ' 
by  dry  battoriea.  Many  thous¬ 
ands  of  the  Edison  Battery  of 
oylindrioal  form  oan  be  sold 
for  this  purpose.  A  oomplete 
lamp  with  Edison  Battery  In  it 
should  be  designed  and  put  on 
the  market  for  this  purpose). 

JNO  Night  lamps  and  olooks. 

(The  Aaerioan  Elootrloal 
Novelty  Co,  and  othes  make 
a  large  number  of  olooke,  whioh 
by  pressure  of  a  button,  oen  he 
read.  The  small  oylindrloal 
dell  should  replaoe  the  dry 
oell  for  thiB  purpose). 

(There  are  many  faotories, 
lighted  hy  their  own  dynamos, 
whioh  shut  down  at  6.  o'olook. 

In  the  event  of  the  of floors  of  J 
the  company  desiring  to  work 
after  dark  on  the  hooks,  oto., 
they  have  to -geo  kerosene  . 

lamps.  A preserve  storage  battery 
outfit  would  he  very  advantag¬ 
eous  in  suoh  wdik) . 

ta.  Emergenoy  lights  in  theatres. 

Jountry  houses. 

compelled  to  put  in  ouoh  a  bat- 
r  for  emereenoy  in  oaso  the 

_ i  oan  bo  lighted  by  the 

storage  hatteryjMtttf')', 

(Ihere  are  araumber  of  ballets 
staged  in  whioh  small  eleotrlo 
lamps  are  used  on  the  person 
of  eaoh  danoer.  The  oylindrloal 
oell  is  exoellently  adapted  for 
thie  work.  When  a  show  is  on 
the  road,  they  oannot  always 
get  the  small  dry  batteries 
for  the  eleotrlo  lamps,  but  oaq 
carry,  the  Edison  Battsry  with 
them  and  have  them  oharged  from 
time  to  time,  as  they  may  need 

.  Yaohts. 

( She  some  holds  good  on 
yaohte) . 

(Shore  are  quite  a  lareo  number 
of  gasolene  ana  horee  arlven 
hneee  that  mnst  be  illuminated 
inside.  She  storage  battery  io  . 
ooming  into  extensive  nee  forth! 
purpose.  The  Edison  Battery  is  1 
beet  adapted  for  thin  nee.  All  , 
gasolene  oar  manufacturers  should 
bo  interviewed  in  this  matter).  1 

Hotel  &  dale  dining  table a. 

(In  many  instances  the  individua: 
lighting  of  tables  In  the  center 
of  dining  rooms  is  di^floult..; 

A  small  Edison  Battery  accomplishes 
this  excellently.  The  Blaokston » 
Hotol  in  Chicago  is  so  equipped. 

UI30BMjpS0U3  USES. 


Wk  Carrying  day  or  night  loads 
of  small  plants. 

\$.  Storing  power  generated  by 
1  wind-mill o. 

W».  Storing  power  generated  by 
1  tidal  motors. 

Storage  power  generated  by 
wave  motors. 

Storing  power  generated  by 
solBr  eneinoB. 



Water  wheels. 

(There  are  large  numbers  of 
plants  throughout  the  country 
which  ere  now  running  day  and  . 
night ,  haT/nKJiMlwi  inly  a  MM' 
flay  10Bd.m6i8%ight  loader  tv* 
Edison  Storage  Battery  oan  be 
used  to.  groat  advantage  in  suoi 

'‘ArtXt&y  cswufvtifa  AvxJf. 

( There  is  no  reason  why  power 
derived  from  wind-mills  should 
not  bs  used  to  charge  storage 
batteries  for  lighting  oountry 
residences,  operation  of  form 
maohinery  eto.) 

(Various  schemes  are  on  foot 
for. using  tho  tides  to  generate 
power.  As  the  flow  of  the  tide 
is  intermittent,  the  power  must 
bo  stored.  The  Kftisbn  Battery 
is  excellently  adapted  for  this 

(Tho  sorao  holds  good). 

(Efforts  are  being  made  to 
oonoontrate  the  heat  from  the 
sun, to  boil  water, to  operate  , 
steam  engines. to  drive  dynamos, 
Owing  to  the  uncertainty  of  tr' 
woathor,  this  power  must  be  at 
od,  and  Edison  Battery  is  best 
adapted  to  this  work). 

(There  are  a  large  number  of 
rivers  and  streams  that  oonnolj 
bo  dammed  up  for  ordinary 
turbine  operation,  but  whioh 
are  still  available  for  power 
by  the  use  of  large  paddle  whe< 
turned  by  tho  flow  of  the  wata: 
Power  oan  be  stored  up  in  the 
nighttiino  to  augment  the 
dynamo  the  next  day  for  the 
operation  of  eleotrlo  motoro 
for  farm  maohinery,  eto .  Some 
times  this  power  is  not  suf¬ 
ficient,  for ’the  operation  of 

rye  power  for  heavy  6 

Jjm  irir^  <*  ' '  ~  *  faaC 

IrL  ^ 

9.  Ut ill Bing  an&  Btoring  power, 
now  going  to  waste  in  emptying 
and  filling  canal  locks. 

(v.'hen  vesaele  pees  through  oonai 
looke,  the  water  must  he  admit¬ 
ted  slowly  or  released  slowly, 
in  order  that  dangerous  current! 
will  not  he  produood,  which  would 
tend  to  cause  the  vessel  to  ool • 
lide  with  the  end  of  the  look, 
this  power  is  now  going  to  wests. 
There  iB  no  reason  why  a  rovors  ■ 
able  turbine  system  should  not  >e 
used  so  that  the  water  passing 
into  or  out  of  the  look  can 
operate  the  turbine,  generate 
elootrioity,  for  storage  in 
Edison  Storage  Battery.  The 
power  derived  therefrom  oould 
operate  the  look  meohanism  as 
well  as  furnishing  current  for 
lights  oto.,  eto.T. 

(All  colleges  and  laboratories 
use  storage  batteries  for  pur¬ 
poses  to  whioh  the  ordinary  lip » 
ourront  is  not  adapted.  These 
batteries  receive  very  little 
attention,  ana  iii  the  case  of 
lead  batteries,  deteriorate 
through  lack  of  attention.  The 
Edison  Battery  is  the  best 
Battery  in  existence  for  this 
kind  of  work.  All  colleges 
ana  laboratories  should  be  oenvu 
sod  in  thlB  matter). 

tost  batterioB.  (In  all  colleges  and  laboratorl is, 

it  is  necessary  to  have  access* 
to  very  hieh  direot  current 
voltages.  The  lead' oells  now 
used  for  this  purpose  are  yery 
small,  but  deteriorate  very 
rapidly.  .They  got  very  little 
use,  but  are  needed  quiokly  whp  i 
the  urgency  arises.  The  one 
ampere-hour  cell  is  large  enoug i 
for  suoh  purpose;  and  thousands 
of  them  a  an  be  sold'  to  meet  thl  i 

^  \  ryvjoU'C<)  A“j  ■  Cwi/UrWy.  ^  l. 

Nov.  8,  1911 


Dr.  Goldstein: 

I  am  sanding  herewith,  according  to  Mr.  Edison's  instruc¬ 
tions,  the  eleotrolyte  found  in  A-6  cell,  No,  23565,  returned  frorn^ 

The  Anderson  Oar  Co,,  Detroit, 

The  tubes  in  this  cell  were  badly  budded  and  Mr.  Edison 
desires  to  get  a  complete  analysis  of  the  solution  to  find  if  there 
were  any  impurities,  which  would  have  caused  this  trouble. 

I  am  also  sending  a  sample  of  eleotrolyte  removed  from  j  .  j 

battery  used  by  the  Third  Avenue  R.  R,  Co.  Will  you  kindly  test  f  *9$  j 

this  for  speoifio  gravity  and  percentage  of  sulphates.^  I  am  als/ 
sending  an  A-6  can  containing  sediment  for  analysis.  This  Bediment  v  - 
was  found  in  A-6  cell  459  returned  by  the  Springfield  WaBte  Oo.  Nov, 

3,  1911,  The  eleotrolyte  in  the  oell  was  found  to  bo  very  weak 
(speoifio  gravity  1.035).  Please  determine  the  total  weight' of  sedi¬ 
ment,  .percentage  of  iron,  nickel  and  mmroury ,  eto. 


November  11th,  1911. 

Eleotra  Cycle  Co 

85  Horton  ttrV 
Detroit  2 

We  have  sent  you  the  following  telegram  today, 
by  Western  Unflon  Telegraph. 


Electma  Cycle  C3<b>» 

UEnrnsoinro  Mioni» — Nov.  nth.. - no_Ll 

Mr,  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  New  Jersey.  (attention  of  Mr. M. A. Hutchison) 

Dear  Sir: - 

Your  telegram  received,  which  together  with  your  favor 
dated  Oct,  20th.  was  given  to  the  writer  for  reply. 

y/o  regret  very  much  that  we  are  not  in  a  position  to  comply 
with  your. request  at  the  present  time,  and  it  now,  looks  as  though  it 
might  be  another  60  days  before. wo  can  again  take  the  matter  up  with, 
you  in  earnest.  .  •'  ;  ’ .  . 

The- delay  .at  this:  time., is  largely,  due,  first  to  'the  reorgani¬ 
zation  of  the  above  company,  largely  for  the  reason  that  we  think  there 
will  be  a  greater  demand  for.  a  machine  such  as  we  are -planning  to  man¬ 
ufacture  than*  the  f  or?mer;.'company  was  .  prepared  to  produce ,  second  because 
of  the  writers  absence  from  the; City ,  and  still  further  delay  because. ; 
'"of:1  several  improvments:  we  are  making  at  this  time.  ,. 

vfe  appreciate  the  spirit  of  your  letter  and  will  bo  glad  to 
take  the  matter  up. with  you  again  just  as  soon  as  possible  to  do  so, and 
will  be'.pleased  to  have  a  personal  interview  with  you  when  the  'time  ' 
comes;’  if  ..thought  best  to  dotso.  .i(>:  y.-;  . ;  i,:'.[...i  >,•••  : 

..;  .  Thanking  yoy,  for.  the.  interest 'you.jhave  shown,  we 

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Railway  Equipment. 
Cab  Trusts. 

Ur.  William  H.  Ueadov/craf t , 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Referring  to  my  visit  and  conversation  with  Ur.  Edison 
on  Friday  last,  I  would  like  to  have  another  interview  with 
Mr.  Edison  on  the  subject  matter  of  financing  the  deferred 
payments  of  railroads  that  install  the  Edison  Storage  Battery 
in  lighting  passenger  cars.  I  will  bring  with  me  the  form 
usually  used  in  making  up  "Oar  Trusts,"  of  whioh  1  have  financed 
many  millions  in  the  past  25  years. 

Almost  any  day  and  hour  between  11  A.M.  and  a  P.M. 


oarer:  Edison  Storage  Battery. 

American  Telephone  and  Telegraph  Company. 

15  Dey  Street. 

Hovember  16,  1911. 

Ur.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  N.  J. 
Dear  Sir:- 


Owing  to  Ur.  Vail's  absence  for  a  few  weeks  in  California 
1  am  answering  for  him  your  letter  of  the  13th  of  this  month  regard¬ 
ing  the  use  of  your  storage  battery  instead  of  primary  batteries  at 
subscribers'  stations.  I  have  directed  Ur.  L.  E.  Uorehouee  of  this 
offioe  to  thoroughly  investigate  the  subject.  He  will  get  in  touoh 
with  your  laboratory  and  arrange  there  with  whoever  may  be  designat¬ 

ed  by  you  to  take  the  matter  up  with  him. 

Yours  very  truly. 



jC...  <£-■ '  ^ 


November  17,1911. 

Eldctra  Cycle  Co., 

.  and  10th  Sta., 

Detroit,  Mich. 


II  an  In  receipt  of  your 
letter  of  November  llth. 

,  I  note  you  areAin  a  pos¬ 
ition  to  take  up  the  matter  at  the 
present  time,  so  suggest  that  we  lei 
the  matter  dr6p,  until  you  are 
ready  to  do  so. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Chief  Engineer  of  Mr.  .Edison 

~2-l  ,  l| 

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tfe, 'A 

West  Lynn,  Mass. 

Mr.  J,homas  A.  Edison/ 

*  Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison: 

Since  calli: 

cussed  matters  appertaining  to  the  use  of  your  storage  hbttery 
with  a  number  of  my  Associates, ana  Borne  of  the  principal  Execu¬ 
tives  of  the  General  Electric  Co.  I  feel  very  sure  that  the  re 
suits  of  this  discussion  will  he  prompt  ana  I  hope  to  your 

groat  satisfaction. 


Hl^^fffiNUrACTURING  Co. 

oSpringfield,  Mass.  Nov.  33, 

^  "h 

-Dear  Sir: 

I  have  Just  returned  from  an  extended  trip  in  the 
West,  and  your, , very  kind  favor  of  Nov.  17th  has  been 
handed  me.  '--M  should  he  very  pleased  indeed  to  vis¬ 
it  you  and  talk  over  the  question  of  Edison  battery 
and  electric  motor  for  motive  power  on  motorcycles. 

Wishing  to  conform  to  your  convenience,  I  will 
kindly  ask  you  to  make  an  appointment  for  any  day 

Thanking  you  for  this  opportunity  to  go  inti# 
matter  with  you,  and  awaiting  your  further  advices 

Youra  very  truly, 


■w.  i  A  iv  i  • 

_ _ _ _ 

Cl  ^ . e£U- 

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-.,-  . -(^jfcy . /l~vfcj - (Qt&JZcni  ,  -  .  ^fS'JUl 

.  .  -  .  jjlic/L^*.  Y^vucA  .  titjl  .^i-  /Afi( 

_ ^ItXt XiAc  •  ^ti«i.-- ^ — ^....LlX  .  -  <^ — 

_ Ae^nt .  /lurt"  -  -  -  A - 

December  2nd,  1911« 


please  note  that  we  have  this  morning  received  the  following 

T.  A.  Edison,  Inc.  (Australia)  #...  $1200.00 

'  60  A- 6  . . . * . "1550.00 

100  A-4  .  .  1520.00 

190  B-4  . .  1580.00 

250  B-2  . 

T.  A.  Edison,  Inc.  (Canada) 

SXO  . . . . - " 

Adams  Exoress  Co.  ,  IT.x.C. 

496  A-4  . . 

Geo.  W.  Holden,  Boston,  Mass. 
52. B-4 



,  416.00 

§18178;  OTT 


Oopy  of  letter  received  from  M,  E.  Fox,  from  St.  Peters¬ 
burg,  Russia,  dated  as  above. 

The  Tudor  Company  originally  wrote  a  letter  to 
Captain  Asvelief's  friend,  who  sent  a  copy  of  same  to  the  Government 
Inspector  at  the  Nevsky  Works,  and  the  latter  loaned  it  to  the  engineer 
of  the  Nevsky  Works,  who  loaned 'it. to  me.  I  have  not  seen  the 
original  letter,  but  only  a  oopy,  a  facsimile  of  which  I  enclose 
herewith,  witnessed  by  the  Nevsky  Engineer. 

Now,  truly,  I  can  see  no  grounds  for  proceeding 
against  the  Tudor  Company,  since  they  only  say  that  the  battery  is 
not  suitable  on  account  of  Smith’s  report  (the  Hamburg  Fire  Chief) 
which  in  Russian,  accompanied  their  letter.  When  the  Nevsky 
engineer  first  translated  the  letter  to  me,  he  read  it  as  if  the 
Tudor  Company  had  mentioned  things  hostile  against  the  accumulator, 
but  when  you  translate  the  letter,  you  will  is  not  so. 

I  have  not  enclosed  Smith's  report  in  its  Russian 
/  form,  since  you  probably  have  a  copy  in  the  original  Germany.  He  is 
the  man  to  jump  on. 

I  have  made  an  appointment  with  General  Brink's 
office  this  week,  saw  General  Dubroff,  his  assistant,  who  said  the 
former  would  not  be  here  Tuesday.  I  had  made  an  appointment  to 
meet  him  Wednesday,  and  I  think  my  work  will  be  through  here. 

I  saw  the  Chief. of  the  Telegraph  Department  of  the 
Army  in  regard  to  our  battery  for  field  service.  He  said  they  used 
primary  batteries  for  this  work,  so  as  not  to  require  charging 
apparatus  in  the  battle  field.  There  might  be  a  place  for  our  product 
in  connection  with  wireless  stations,  but  that  the  matter  should  be 
taken  up  with  their  furnishers  of  signal  apparatus,  the  Siemens  and 
Halske,  and  "La  Societe  Russo  Telegraphic  sans  fil  ,  both  of  this 
place,  since  the  Russian  Spy  anc'  entire  apparatus  and  the  battery  is 
merely  a  detail.  However,  if  you  wish  to  communicate  with  this 
Russian  Office,  in  future,  here  is  his  address  -  -  -  -  - 

They  have  a  disconcerting  way  here  of  giving  one  an 
interview,  in  an  anti-room  in  the  presence  of  other  people,  so  that 
privacy  is  impossible.  While  I  was  talking  to  the  officer,  there 
was  a  well  dressed  civilian  in  the  room,  and  when  Icwas  going,  he 
addressed  me  ih  excellent  English,  ".tfou  are  from  the  Edison  Company, 

•  I  know.  We  are  customers  of  yours ,  that  is,  your  German  Branch.  I  . 
would  like  to  have  an  interview  with' you." 

I  was  surprised,  but  took  his  card,  and  made  an 
appointment  with  him  at  his  qffice,  for -the  next  morning.  I.  didn't 
know  what  I  was  falling  into,  so  many  queer  things  happen  here.  ,  . 

His  card  I  enclose.  It's  English  translation  would  be 



•  Homan  Romanovitch  Kolby, 

'Engiheej* , 

,  Representihg  tbs  technical  firm  of 

R.  Kolby, 

36  Boznesensky  Prospect, 

St.  Petersburg,  Russia. 

His.  firm  has  a  large  place,  and  the  business  would 
correspond  to' 'that  of  an  engineering  contractor  in  our  Country.  He 
said  he  had  heard  me  talking  about  the  .Edison  Battery,  and  was  wonder¬ 
ing  why  an  American  Representative  should  be  hers,  since  he  had 
thought  the  German  Company  handled  this  business.  I  explained  that 
I  was  showing  up  the  hew  type  .Edison  Cell,  with  which  Bergmann  was 
not  supplied. 

He  is,  it  seems,  one  of  Bergmann* s  customers,  as  he 
carries  our  cells  along  with  several  lead  types  in  his  catalogue. 
His  query  was  as  to  whom  he  would,  do  business  with  in  future. 

I  told  him  that  we  were  making  plans  for  reorganization 
and  that  things  would  probably  be  settled  within  a  month,  and  that 
I  wasn't  at  liberty  to  say  what  these  plans  were  at  present. 

He  stated  that  he  was  strongly  entrenched  in  the 
Artillery  Department  here,  and  had  sold  many  of  Bergmann' s  mining 
lamps  to  them,  and  suggested  that  w$  allow  his  company  the  agency 
for  Government  work.  He  seconded  this  by  saying  that  if- more  than 
mere  worth  of  an  article  to  get  it  into  the  administration,  feut 
that  he  felt  that  they  were  in  a  position  to  do'.it, 

I  said  nothing  about  de  Passano  or  Monnot,  but  told 
him  we  would  consider  his  proposition,  and  let  him  know  later.  This 
then  is  for  your  information.  1  have  no  comment  to  make. 

Mr.  Kolby  is  personally  acquainted  with  Mr.  Kamraerhoff , 
and  he  can.  probably  tell  you  more  about  him.  He  showed  me  an  auto¬ 
graphed  photograph  of  Mr.  Edison -taken  some  twenty  years  ago,  I  should 
judge,  bearing  the  inscription,  "To  R.  Kolby,  from  Thomas  A.  Edison." 
It  was  given  to  his  father,  but  he  did  not  know  the  circumstances 
under  which  it  was  given. 

He  showed  me  through  the  work-shop  where  thev  were 
manufacturing  various  appliances  for  lighting  of  warships.  He 
evidently  judged  me  discrete  enough  to  see  these  secrets.  Captain 
Pissauf  wants  to  write  in  his  Army  Journal  a  series  of  articles 
dealing  with  the  modern  Edison  Battery.  He  says  his  colleagues  are 
all  anxious  to  know  about  it,  and  he  wants  to  tell  them.  Among 
other  things,;, he  wants  to  put  in  Holland's  Temperature  Paper,  which 
he  says  he  will  translate.  I  told  him  we  would  have  no  objection  to 
"if  a  description  of  the  cells,  and  I  am  furnishing  him  with 

this  in  French,  as  I  thought,  it  better  to  take  the  matter  up  with 
you  before  putting  in  Holland's  Paper. 

Personally,  I  think  it  is  a  rather  exceptional 
opportunity.  We  will  get  good  advertising  withAlts  costing  us  a 
cent,  and  Pissauf  is  a  man  who  knows  what  he  is  talking  about,  having 
written  several  technical  hooks.  I  will  give  him  Holland  s  paper  when 
I  leave  here,  and  if  for  any  reason  you  do  not  wish  tnis,  telegraph 
me  wherever  I  may  he,  and  I  will  stop  it*  Holland  s  paper  would  not 
appear  for  two  months  yet*  I  urge  you  to  tell  him,  wod  hless  you* 

Let  me  remind  you  that  Dr  .'"‘Golds  tien ,  the 
i,  if  you  need  a  translator  for  that  letter* 

jX  a~  JL*  a&kdLsM  j 


ffw  '^/•j-  oJL*£Zt&~i£i>.  ^-Svv*  1^-  — ■?- 

CA:  .;  ®  .  "  ■  ' 

*^JCiL+. A  d-L^t ’$QoJl 

Vj S1-T>-^  -  ffc- a-t.  Cfc02>- 

|0*).f  Vt..-.J{T  )JI 1 

*  4  *1  *  +k°U 

l&T?*  “1  <&•  H  11  “  't“’?0  “ 

lo  £.&-€>--  *  _ -8 -  "  ^  >  "  -*•  G°  ' 

,.)Mov3-  -  *  V !--,J+-  T°-‘ 

Beoember  IB,  1^11 

In. regard  to  attached  memorandum 
from  Salzman,- 

You  authorized  me  to  have  these  six 
oells  constructed  at  once,  in  order  that  the 
Banner  Safety  hamp  Company  man  could  Get  them 
to  put  in  the  lanterns  he  had  constructed,  -o 
he  submitted  as  eamplos  for  test  to  3?ort  Han¬ 

The  Government  is  Going  to  place  an 
order  for  2,000  of  these  lanterns,  the  first 
part  of  February.  The  undo  of  P.  Robinson, 
it.  E..  who  Is  connected  .with  the  Banner  safety 
Lamp  Company,  Is  a  Government  Officer  who  is 
poing  to  place  these  contracts,  •'•r.  Bobinson 
is  relying  on  us  to  supply  the  .Edison  Battery 
for,”  them,  and  i3  not  entering  competitive  lamp 3 
with  lead  battery.  He' dees  not  care  whether 
the .batteries  leak  or  not,  as  those  lamps  are 
suppose  to  stand  upright.  Therefore,  can  we 
not  please  construct  these  six  cells  Immediate¬ 
ly,  as  I  promised  Mr.  Tto’uinson  vie  would  do, 
after,  he  talked  with  you  the  other  day,  in  my 

>5.  K,  HUTCHISON. 

December  20th,  1911 

Dr.  Goldstein;- 

?mss  stf*  '*»«*••-  aass  s  «. 


to  the  cells. 


-jj,..  desires  to  have  a  complete  analysis  made 
corrosion  of  the  tops  of  the  plates. 

This  battery  was  sent  in  to  us  ;*!thSft°i?the 

the  Atlantic  Truck  Company  and  ™e  th*fc hanged 


S25T.5r^Sr,K?»2»f *Sj; 

since  that  time. 

KtaJlj  r.por.  on  «M.  to  Ht ;»»;£/£,£ 
earliest  convenience  as  it  is  a  very  ur6 





lAoe-fee  3  ef  ilcfe^.J^e 
I  UA&,  !■&• 

( Compiled  by  M.  E.  Hutchison. ) 


(Not  affected  by  con¬ 
cussion  of  rough  handling 
as  in  coupling  the  train 
up,  etc. ) 

;rial  plant  locomotives. 

(Displacing  the  dangerous 
steam,  compressed  air, 
and  super-heated  steam 

4.  Industrial  plant  indoor  truoks.  (A  number  of  hand  truck 

manufacturers  are  going  into 
this  field.  The  field 
covers  handling  baggage, 
freight  on  piers,  machine 
parts  in  factories,  eto. 

,  etc.) 

6.  Eire  Engines  and  fire  truoks.  (Much  more  dependable 

than  the  gasolene  engine. 
Always  ready.  Might  be  able 
to  interest  the  American 
•La  France  Fire  Engine  Co. 
in  Newark). 

6.  lawn  Mowers. 


8.  Street  railway  oars. 

9.  Interurban  oars. 

(Horses  disfigure  lawns 
by  their  hoof-prints.  Gaso¬ 
line  engine  lawn  mowers  are 
not  perfected  yet.  There  is 
.  no  reason  why  the  eleotrio 
lawn  mower  will  not  surpass 
all  other  forms  of  power  for 
this  purpose. 

(Hoad  rollers^ must  have 
*  weight.'  The  steam s engine  is 
'  obnoxious  in  cities;'  and  will 
not  be  tolerated  very  much 
longer.  Might  try  to  inter¬ 
est  some  of  the  road  roller 
manufacturers  in  this  electric 
proposition.  ) 

(The  same  form  of  battery 
that  we  use  in  electric 
terminal  locomotives  can  be  < 
used  in  interurban  high 
speed  oars,  thereby  over¬ 
coming  the  loss  of  trans¬ 
mission  of  the  current  over 
long  feeder  wires,  and 
making  the  system  operated 
through  sleet  and  stormB,  which 
now  incapacitate  them. ) 

10.  Hallway  inspection  oars. 

11.  Street  sweepers  and  sprinklers. 


12.  Electrio  omnibuses. 

13.  Eleotrio  trucks. 

14.  Eleotrio  pleasure  oars. 
IB.  Eleotrio  motor  oyoles. 



17.  Eleotrio  farming  machinery.  . 

18.  Submarine  boatB. 

(Muoh  more  reliable  than 
a  gasolene  propelled  in¬ 
spection  oar,  as  it  is  not 
bo  liable  to  break  down  on 
a  main  line  with  conse¬ 
quent  danger  from  trains 
colliding  with  it). 

(She  wear  and  tear  on 
olutoh  and  gear  shifting 
mechanism  is  so  great,  thqt 
street  sweepers  and  sprink¬ 
lers  have  not  yet  come  into 
general  use.  The  eleotrio 
street  sweeper  or  sprink¬ 
ler  is  far  superior. ) 

(Ear  superior  to  tho 
gasolene,  beoauBe  of 
absence  of  wear  and  tear 
on  olutoh,  gasolene  engine 
and  gear  mechanism. 

(There  is  already  one 
motor  cycle  manufacturing 
concern  that  is  turning  out 
eleotrio  motor  oyoles.  They 
now  use  Edison  Bat  tery  as 
well  as  lead.  Any  of  the 
bicycle  magazines  con- 
tain  the  advertisement. ) 

The  current  taken  out  of 
the  battery  in  a  ten  mile 
rim  can  be  put  in  again  in 
ten  minute b.  A  five  mile 
run  in  five  minutes,  etc., 
up  to  about  20  miles,  when 
it  will  take  longer,  as 
the  battery  cannot  then  be 
charged  at  such  a  high  rate, 
unless  it  is  very  well  vent¬ 
ilated  and  oobled. ) 

(A  gasolene  engine,  or  any 
other  combustion  engine 
in  a  wheat  field  is  a  dan¬ 
gerous  nroposition.  After 
the  wheat  is  dry  and  ready 
for  stacking  and  gathering, 
a  fire  will  do  a  good  deal 
of  damage. ) 

(This  matter  is  in  Mr. 
Hutchison's  hands. 


\/  19.  Eleotrio  launohep. 

20.  Short  trip  ferry  boats. 

21.  Eleotrio  torpedoes. 

(Excellent  for  Inland  lakes, 
"but  for  heavy  sea  work,  such 
aB  on  the  Atlantic  Coast, 
the  gasolene  engine  is 
superior,  because  of  its 
lighter  weight,  thereby 
greater  sea-worthiness  of 
the  craft). 

( Many  street  railway  lines, 
etc.  operate  short  ferries. 

An  example  is  at  Eoohester, 

II.  Y.,  where  a  small  ferry 
boat  runs  from  the  Yacht 
Club  to  the  other  side  of 
the  river  -  only  about  350 
feet.  It  is  propelled  by  a 
steam  engine,  operating 
on  a  chain  that  lies  at  the 
bottom  of  the  river.  Two  men 
necessary  to  operate  this 
boat,  licensed  pilot,  and 
licensed  engineer.  Could 
be  operated  by  one  man  if 
Edison  Bet  tery  installed  to 
operate  the  chain  driving 
meohanism.  Charging  can  be 
done  at  one  of  the  termin¬ 
als,  as  the  boat  lies 
for  five  minutes  st  each  end 
between  trips. ) 

(In  Mr.  Hutchison' b  hands. 


1.  Klaxon  Warning  Signals. 

2.  Automobile  ignition  systems. 

(There  are  over  60,000 
Klaxons  and  Klaxonets  in 
use  today  in  the  U.  S. 
alone.  Each  of  these  Klax¬ 
ons  and  Klaxonets  is  oper¬ 
ated  by  a  battery  of  some 
kind.  The  majority  of  the 
batteries  are  lead  storage- 
batteries.  The  most  univer¬ 
sally  used  Klaxon,  type  1 
and  the  type  S,  take  our 
standard  B-2  or  B-4  ignit¬ 
ion  sets.  They  are  wound 
to  run  from  6  volts,  and 
take  about  7  amperes.  Their 
use  is  of  very  short  duration 
each  time  when  they  are  blown, 
and  therefore,  it  can  be  brief¬ 
ly  stated  that  a  Type  1  or 
Type  S  Klaxon  oan  be  oper¬ 
ated  for  one  year  from  a 
B-4  ignition  set,  without 
re-charging  or  without  the 
addition  of  any  water.  This 
has  been  done  for  the  past 
two  years  on  the  oar  of  Mr. 
Hutchison,  the  inventor  of 
the  Klaxon.  See  curve  No. 

48,  copy  of  whioh  oan  be 
secured  from  Mr.  H.  H. 

Smith  of  the  laboratory; 

The  Klaxonet  can  be  run  for 
a  year  on  a  B-2  ignition 
set,  without  re-charging 
or  the  addition  of  any 
water.  Of  course,  it  iB 
advisable  to  add  distilled 
water  about  every  three 
months;  the  battery  need 
not  be  re-charged  oftener 
than  once  a  year.  All  boni- 
fide  dealers,  and  jobbers 
in  the  U.  S.  handle  Klaxons 
and  should  be  approached 
on  sale  of  Edison  Battery 
for  this  purpose.  The  same 
battery  can  be  used  for 
ignition  and  for  operating 
the  lights,  but  of  course, 
if  an  increased  load  is  put 
on  it,  it  must  be  charged 
oftener. ) 

(Where  the  battery  is  used 
simply  to  Btart  the  engine 
up, ‘and  for  that  purpose 
alone,  it  will  operate  for 
at  least  two  years  without 
re-charging,  but  water  ) 

should  be  added  about  every  ' 
three  months.  I  refer  to 
the  B-4.  The  B-2  should  do 
this  work  for  a  year,  with¬ 
out  re-charging.  Where  the 
B-4  is  used  for  ignition 
all  the  time,  it  should  be 
charged  about  once  every 

.  Gas  engine  ignition  systems. 

four  montht,-  The  B-2  about 
onoe  every  two  months. I 

(There  are  a  large  number 
of  gas  engines  in  industri¬ 
al  plants,  most  of  them  be¬ 
ing  ignited  by  battery. 

They  run  usually  about  10 
hours  a  day,  and  under 
suoh  oircuBBtanoes,  the 
battery  should  be  charged 
about  once  every  month, 
if  the  B-2  is  used,  and 
about  onoe  every  two 
months  if  the  B-4  is  used.) 

t.  Motor  cycle  ignition  systems,  toe 

ing  up  loss  room  and  not 
weighing  as  much  as  the 
standard  dry  cell,  can  be 
used  for  ignition  on 
motor  cycles.  At  present, 
dry  cells  are  used  univer¬ 
sally  on  motorcycles  for 
ignition,  except  on  the  more 
advanced  typeB  that  have 
magnetos.  The  same  battery 
will  operate  the  lighting 
system  of  the  motoroyole, 
whioh  is,  at  present,  def¬ 
icient,  relying  solely 
uoon  acetylene,  or  hero- 
sene  lamps.  All  the  motor¬ 
oyole  manufacturers  should 
be  canvassed  in  this  matter 
and  dealers  and  jobbers  seen. ) 

5.  Automobile  and  gas  engine 
electric  self-starting. 

(Within  the  next  year  or 
two,  no  car  of  gasolene 
engine  operation  will  be 
started  by  tho  crank,  aB 
now  obtaining.  Various 
forms  of  self-Btarters, 
including  motors,  which 
act  as  generators  to  re- 
ohar'ge  the  battery  after 
the  oar  is  started,  and 
simple  motors  alone,  oper- 
atod  by  Edison  Battery.  This 
b tart ing  of  a  gas  engine 
requires  very  heavy  current. 

A  lead  battery  will  deter¬ 
iorate  under  suoh  treatment, 
beoause  it  amounts  almost 
to  Bhort-oirouit.  The 
Edison  Battery  is  the 
best  adapted  to  this  work. 

All  the  automobile  manufact¬ 
urers  should  be  seen,  es¬ 
pecially  the  Cadillac  Co., 
who  are  now  turning  out 
suoh  a  devioe,  E.  V.  Hart- 
ford  of  the  Hartford  Shook  Ab 
sorber  Co.,  has  also  gotten 
out  an  electric  self¬ 
starter,  and,  as  he  has  one 
of  the  Edison  Battery  out- 

rosidonoe  for  lighting,  he 
is  very  partial  to  the 
Edison  Battery.  He  should  he 
seen  at  onoe.  His  address 
is  Jersey  City,  U.  J. ) 

i.  Eleotrio  oranes  and  hoists.  (The  manufacturers  of  these 
should  ne  interviewed, as 
they  now  operate  hy  trolley. 
Owing  to  the  flexibility 
of  control  of  an  eleotrio 
motor,  it  is  best  adapted 
to  crane  work.  The  manu¬ 
facturers  of  all  oranes 
.  should  be  interviewed 
in  this  matter. ) 

7.  Electric  lifting  magnets  for 

(Practically  all  the  iton 
rails  and  other  magnetic 
substanoes  are  loaded  on 
Bake  steamers  by  large 
electro-magnets.  If  the 
power  circuit  goes  off 
while  the  magnet  has  a  load 
in  mid-air,  the  load  falls 
and  is  apt  to  injure  some- 
body,  or  sink  the  steamer.  If 
these  magnets  are  operated  by 
storage  battery,,  this  contingency 
will  not  arise.  The  eleotrio 
crane  and  hoist  people 
should  be  seen.  There  are 
a  number  of  advertisements 
in  the  "Electrical  World" 
and  other  technical  papers 
by  manufacturers  of  eleotrio 
lifting  magnets  for  thiB 
purpose. )  | 

8.  Eleotrio  Hoists  for  mines. 

(Each  mine  Bhould  be 
equipned  with  a  reserve 
battery,  so  that  in  case 
anything  happens  to  the 
power  circuit  operating 
the  mining  hoists,  the 
battery  will  furnish  the 
ourrent.  In  such  oase,  the 
battery  can  be  oharged 
about  onoe  a  month,  and 
held  in  reserve.  It  need 
not  be  a  very  large  battery, 
only  of  sufficient  capacity 
to  operate  the  hoists  for 
say,  one  half  day,  and 
if  proper  pressure  is 
brought  to  bear,  through 
Washington,  Department  of 
Commerce  and  Labor,  minos 
can  be  compelled  to  put 
in  auxiliary  power  for 
this  purpose). 

9.  Eleotrio  central  station 
over-load  switches. 

[All  big  central  stations 
lave  main  switches  which 
ire  operated  by  batteries 
7hen  the  over-load  comes  on. 
Chase  batteries  are  floating 


May  26th,  1911. 

Mr.  D,  Basch, 

Switohboard  Engineer, 

General  Eleotrio  Co., 

Schenectady,  H.  Y. 

My  dear  Mr.  Baaoh,- 

¥/hen  I  returned  to  the  Laboratory  the 
other  dhy.  after  haying  disouseed  this  matter  of  operating  your 
switches  in  power  stations,  I  had  a  type  A-4  and  a  type 
A-8  battery  put  on  test,  to  enable  me  to  determine  just  what 
type  is  best  suited  for  thiB  service. 

The  type  A-8  proved  most  satisfactory, 
fbe  discharge  voltage  on  400  amperes  being  as  follows:  At  the  end 
of  1-1/2  t^fonls  voyage  1,04.  It  the  end  of  1-2/6  seconds  voltage 
1.017.  At  the  end  of  2-3/5  seconds  voltage  1.01b.  j 

At’ the  end  of  15r  second's  voltage  1.  1 

It  is,  therefore,  evident  that  by  using 
80  type  A-8  cells,  you  can  float  them  on  the  volt  line  ano.  be 
sure  of  80  volts  at  400  amperes,  whenever  the  direct  circuit 
breakers  need  them.  You  can  let  these  batteries  remain  floating 
on  the  line  for  long  periods  of  t irae without  further 
attention  than  replacing  with  water  about  once  a  week. 

Yours  sincerely, 

(Signed)  M.  E.  HUTCHISON. 

All  large  power  houses  use 
this  system,  and  should  be 
called  on.  The  lead  battery 
deteriorates  rapidly,  by 
reason  of  its  being  on  charge 
all  the  time,  and  being  seldom 
used.  The  EdiBon  Battery 
will  stand  this  over¬ 
charging  indefinitely  with¬ 
out  any  injury  whatever. ) 

10.  Ordnance  Gun-firing  apparatus. 

,  Hutchison's 

11.  Ordnance  gun  handling  motors, 
and  turret  handling. 

(This  is  in  Mr.  Hutchison's 

12.  Wireless  telegraph  apparatus. 

(A  law  will  soon  be  passed 
necessitating  the  equipment 
of  all  wireless  apparatus 
with  a  reserve  storage 
battery.  Mr.  Hutchison 
attondB  the  meeting  of 
the  Board  in  Washington  on 
the  26th  instant,  and  will 
advise  later  as  to  the  best 
method  to  pursue  in  this 
connection. ) 

13.  Wireless  telephone  apparatus. 

14,  Military  portable  wirelesB 

This  is  only  coming  into 
se  gradually,  and  work 
hereon  will  be  of  little 

-o-n  +-h£>  nrOBfint  time). 

(This  is  in  Mr.  Hutchison's 

IB.  Military  portable  .telegrkph. 


16.  Military  portable  telephone 

apparatus . 

17.  Fire  control  apparatus, 

for  Army  and  Naby. 

18.  Fire  control  telephones 

for  Army  and  Navy. 

19.  Harbor  mines. 

20.  Railway  signal  apparatus. 



Railway  turn  tables. 

22j  Air  brake  motors. 

23.  Blasting  apparatus. 

24.  local  telegraph  circuits. 






(This  is  coming  into  use 
and  the  business  is  being 
handled  by  fir.  Thompson.  )  . 

(Mr.  Thompson  should  be 
given  latitude  to  enter 
this  field,  as  a  good  many 
turn  tables  are  operated 
electrically. ) 

(On  the  system  designed  & 
patented  by  Mr.  Hutohison 
recently,  the  current  going 
through  the  arc  light  on 
interurban  oars,  when  the 
oar  is  in  the  oountry,  chargt 
storage  batteries.  From 
these  storage  batteries, 
power  is  derived  for  oper¬ 
ating  the  air  brake  motors, 
lights  of  the  car,  and 
electric  warning  signals. 

The  power  thus  saved  is  now 
thrown  away  by  resistance 
in  series  with  the  arc 
light  to  out  the  voltage 
down  from  500  volts  to  45 
voltB  for  use  of  the  arc 
light.  The  battery  in  ser¬ 
ies  with  the  arc  light  takes 
the  place  of  some  of  this 
resistenoe,  Mr.  Thompson 
has  this  matter  in  hand. ) 

(Electric  setting  off  of 
blasts  is  universally  used 
in  all  mines  and  quarries. 
The  B-2  or  B-4  cells  is  ex¬ 
cellently  adapted  to  this 
work.  It  should  he  worked 
up  and  companies  manufact¬ 
uring  Buoh  apparatus  should 
be  interviewed.' 

(The  current  for  operating 
the  sounder  in  the  local 
station  is  now  derived 
from  the  old  type  of  blue 
vitrol  cell.  One  or  two 
B-2  or  B-4  cells  would  oper¬ 
ate  a  sounder  satisfactorily 
for  a  very  long  time.  It 
is  doubtful,  however,  whethar 
the  telegraph  companies, rail 
road  companies,  etc.  will 
abolish  the  blue  vitrol  cell 

26.  Burglar  Alarms. 

26.  Fire  alarmB. 

27.  thermal  Regulators. 

28.  Ventilating  fans. 

29.  Exhaust  fans. 

30.  Small  fan  motors. 

for  this  more  expensive  Edison  Bat  , 
tery  as  the  Blue  . Jtrol  cell  is  giving 
very  good  satisfaction. ) 

(The  Amerioan  Telggraph  and  Telephone 
Co.  use  a  large  number  of  storage  hat-, 
teries  for  operation  of  Burglar  alarms 
and  should  Be  interviewed.  There  are  | 
also  a  number  of  nrivate  Burglar  alarm 
companies  that  should  Be  interviewed. )l 

(Every  city  and  town  in  the  U.S.  that 
is  equipped  with  a  fire  alarm  system 
uBes  storage  Batteries.  A  town  of  the 
size  of  West  Orange,  for  instance,  i 
uses  a  five  ampere  hour  cell.  The  dis-| 
charge  current  is  very  low.  They  have 
reserve  Battery,  using  one  sot  of  , 
oells  for  24  hours,  and  throwing  it  off 
and  putting  it  on  charge  for  24  hours,' 
while  the  other  set  is  Being  used. The 
Gamewell  Fire  Alarm  people  should  Be 
Interviewed  in  this  matter,  as  well  as 
all  independent  fire  alarm  apparatus 
manufacturers. ) 

oy  a  vnermoevo  i. ,  ... 

electric  motor  to  start  up  or  Bt°P.  Jhe 
compressor,  as  the  temperature  within 
the  Storage  Box  goes  up  or  down  from  the 
critical  point.  Such  manufacturers  as 
the  Brunswick  Refrigerating  Co.  New 
Brunswick.  II.  J. ,  and  other  manufacturers 
of  refrigerating  machinery  should  Be 
interviewed.)  The  temperature  of  Build¬ 
ings  also  controlled  By  Thermostat. 

(All  mines  are  equipped  with  large,  yen- 
tilating  fans,  usually  electrically  dri¬ 
ven.  In  the  event  of  failure  of  the 
source  of  supply  of  current,  those  fans, 
should  Be  oper  ated  By  storage  Batteries 
The  Department  of  Commerce  and  labor  i 
should  Be  appealed  to  in  this  matter, 
along  with  the  application  for  compel¬ 
ling  equipment  of  a  Battery  for  operat-  , 
ing  the  electric  hoists.  Ventilating  fan 
manufacturers  should  Be  interviewed  in 
the  matter. )  , 

(A  great  many  manufacturers  use  exhaust] 
fans  for  taking  away  gases,  eto.  from 
processes  of  manufacture. In  the  evenu  - 
failure  of  the  supply  of  current,  these 
fans  will  stop.  A  storage  Battery  install 
led  to  act  in  emergency  will  Be  ad-  , 
visable ,  Exhaust  fan  and  ventilating  fan 
manufacturers  should  Be  interviewed.  1 

(The  physicians  and  surgeons  of  the 
U.  S.  Bhould  Be  circularized  on  a  com¬ 
plete  Bmall  fan  motor  outfit  with 
Edison  Storage  Battery,  for  use  with  - 
their  patients,  during  warm  weather. 

The  lives  of  Mr.  Edison' b  chauffeur's 
wife  and  Baby 

31.  Sewing  machines. 

32.  Vacuum  cleaners. 

33.  Cigar  lighters. 

34.  Phonographs  . 

35.  Household  moving  picture 

were  sav  \  this  past  Summer 
hy  the  Uoe!  of  one  of  the 
Edison  small  fan  motors, 
operated  hy  Edison  Battery. ) 

(Large  manufacturers  of 
dress  goods,  shirt  waists, 
etc.  operate  sewing  machines. 
Sometimes  the  power  goes  off 
with  consequent  loss  of  time 
and  it  might  be  found  advis¬ 
able  to  see  some  of  these 
people  to  determine  if  they 
would  not  he  willing  to  put 
in  an  Edison  Battery  to  he 
used  in  reserve,  Sewing  machine 
manufacturers  should  he  inter- 
viewed  with  a  view  of  using 
Edison  Battery  on  their 
electrically  driven  sewing 
machines  they  supply  to  in¬ 
dividual  households, ) 

(All  the  vacuum  cl e oner 
manufacturers  should  he 
seen,  as  many  of  them 
operate  electric  vacuum 
cleaners  which  cannot  he 
used  in  many  instances, hecaus  s 
of  the  absence  of  power,.  A 
great  many  of  these  vacuum 
cleaners  are  installed  in 
residences,  where  nothing 
but  alternating  current  is 
available  and  only  at  night, 

T/ith  a  rectifier  to  charge 
the  storage  battery,  the  direst 
current  vacuum  cleaner  can  he 
used,  and  it  might  he  found 
advisable  to  take  this  up. ) 

(All  the  manufacturers  of 
cigar  lighters  should  he  seen 
because  they  all  use  dry  batter¬ 
ies  for  operating  these  cigar 
lighters,  The  American 
Electric  novelty  Co.  manu¬ 
facture  a  cigar  lighter.  The 
American  Tobacco  Co.  and  the 
United  Cigar  Stores  Co.  could 
furnish  a  list  of  the  cigar 
lighter  manufacturers,  that 
ore  the  best,  and  they  should 
he  seen  in  this  connection. ) 

(The  business  phonograph 
would  he  used  much  more  ex¬ 
tensively,  in  places  not 
supplied  with  power  for  opera¬ 
ting.  ThiB  battery  can  also 
he  used  for  operating  house¬ 
hold  phonographs.) 

(This  little  maohine,  which 
will  soon  he  on  the  market, 
can  he  operated  as  to  its 
light,  hy  Edison  Storage  Batte 

i.  Looal  'battei  telephone  a. 

37.  Central  battery  telephone 
ay  stems. 

38.  Electric  revolution 


39.  Door  bellB. 

40.  Gas  lighting  apparatus. 

(In  all  s'  urban  districts 
and  small  tovms,  each  tele¬ 
phone  has  two  or  three  cells 
■of  dry  battery  for  operating 
it.  These  dry  batteries  de¬ 
teriorate  rapidly,  and  it 
is  a  source  of  constant  expense 
to  the  telephone  Cos.  to  renew 
these.  Telephone  manufacturer! 
should  be  interviewed  on  the 
matter  of  the  cylindrical  cell 
as  they  will  certainly  come  in-, 
to  use  for  this  purpose.  The 
Stromberg-Carlson  Telephone 
Mfg.  Co.  uses  80  carloads  of 
dry  batteries  a  year  on  the 
telephones  they  manufacture 
and  send  out.  An  Edison 
Battery  should  operate  a  tele¬ 
phone  for  several  years  with¬ 
out  re-charging,  as  it  is  not 
in  circuit  except  when  the 
telephone  is  being  used.) 

(All  telephone  manufacturers 
use  lead  storage  batteries  for 
their  central  battery.  These 
will  vary  in  size  from  the  A-4 
to  the  A-12,  depending  upon  th< 
load,  The  salesman  handling 
the  telephone  business  should 
study  up  on  this  matter  by  re¬ 
ferring  to  curves  of  perform¬ 
ance  whioh  we  already  have. ) 

(There  are  a  number  of  instru¬ 
ments  made  which  indicate  the 
successive  revolutions  of .  | 

engines  by  contacts  closed  by 
the  main  shaft  operating 
electro-magnet  in  indicating 
devices  places  at  various  places 
about  the  premises,  or  about  tie 
ship,  if  used  on  board  ship. 

The  Edison  Storage  Battery  can 
bo  used  for  this  purpose.) 

(Edison  Battery  of  cylindrical 
form  co.n  be  used  for  several 
years  for  operating  door  bells, 
floor  punhes,  etc.,  in  resid¬ 
ences,  before  it  is  necessary 
to  re-oharge  them.  The  present 
dry  batteries  go  out  of  use  by 
reason  of  the  high  temperature 
of  a  house,  dry,  heat,  etc.,  in 
the  Winter  time.) 

(All  gas  lighting  apparatus 
1b  operated  by  dry  cells. 

The  Edison  Battery  cylindrical 
form  is  excellently  adapted  to 
this,  and  will 

/  41.  Instruments  tor  the  deaf. 

42.  Eaotory  machinery,  lights, 
and  temporary  power  from 
batteries  on  truoks. 

43.  Eleotrio  self-playing  pianos. 

^  44.  Turrets  on  battleships. 

^  45.  Ammunition  hoists. 

^  46.  Draw  bridges. 

47.  Portable  eleotrio  drills. 

run  several  years  without 
oharge.  See  lighting  man¬ 
ufacturers  should  be  inter¬ 
viewed)  . 

(There  are  a  number  of 
instruments  on  the  market 
for  enabling  deaf  people 
to  hear.  They  are  eleotrio- 
ally  operated*  This  matter 
is  in  hand,  however,  and 
needs  no  attention). 

(Garages  have  oentral 
stations  equipped  with  j 

eleotrio  truoks,  and  oan 
let  it  be  known  among  the 
manufacturers  that  power 
from  these  truoks  oan  be 
supplied  in  oase  of  emergenoy 
by  running  the  truok  to  the 
premises,  and  oonneoting  up 
to  the  power  and  lighting 
oirouit  on  the  premises. 
Manufacturing  oonoerns  eto., 
owners  and  operators  of 
eleotrio  truokB  oan  use  their 
own  truokB  for  this  purpose. 

(A  number  of  these  have 
oome  into  use,  and  the  self¬ 
playing  piano  people  should 
be  interviewed  in  the  matter.) 

(This  matter  is  in  Mr. 

Hutohison' s  hands. 

(ThiB;matter  is  in  Mr. 
HutohiBon's  hands. 

(Mr.  Thompson  Bhould  be 
given  latitude  to  talk 
Edison  Storage  Battery  for 
the  operation  of  draw  bridges, 
beoause  when  the  draw  is 
opened,  unlese  cable  is  run 
to  the  motor,  eleotrio  motors 
oannot  be  used  for  the  purpose 
The  motors  oan  be  oharged  when 
the  draw  is  id  plaoe,  and  the 
draw  operated  by  motor.  This 
would  save  keeping  up  steam  on 
a  steam  engine  on  the  draw,  ana 
should  be  pushed). 

(These  drills  are  ooming 
into  UBe  universally  in 
garages,  eto.,  and  many 
times  on  outside  jobs,  they 
oannot  be  operated  beoause 
of  the  absenoe  of  power.  The 
portable  drill  manufacturers 
should  be  interviewed). 

48.  Portable  riveters. 

49.  Tree  spraying  apparatus. 

50.  Cement  Blowing  apparatus. 

61  Bog  home.  -  Klaxon. 

68.  Submarine  bell  apparatus. 
63.  ELeotrio  time  systems. 

(The  same  applies  here). 

(The  use  of  sprays  for 
preventing  destruction  of 
trees  by  inseots  is  ooming 
into  universal  use.  These 
sprays  are  usually  operated 
by  gasoline  engines.  There 
is  no  reason  why  they  should 
not  be  operated  by  storage 
batteries  with  eleotrio 
motors .  The  manufacturers 
of  suoh  apparatus  should  be 
interviewed) . 

(A  new  syBtem  has  reoently 
oome  into  vogue,  by  whioh 
cement  is  sprayed  or  blown 
onto  the  steel  work,  instead 
of  being  put  on  by  hand,  as 
by  Masons,  eto*  The  manufac¬ 
turers  of  thiB  apparatus  should 
be  interviewed,  beoauBe  it  is 
not  always  oonvenient  to  get 
power  to  operate  the  motor 
for  this  purpose.  The  same 
truck  that  they  haul  their 
merohandiBe  with  oould  be  used 
for  doing  thiB.) 

(This  matter  is  in  Mr.  Huohison's 

( This  matter  iB  in  Mr. 

Hutohison'B  hands. 

There  are  a  large  number  of 
Eleotrio  olooks  in  use  in 
schools  and  factories  through-  | 
out  the  Unite*  States.  In  these 
systems,  a  master  olook,  whioh  | 
is  supposed  to  keep  perfeot  time, 
oloses  the  oirouit  every  minute, 
sending  current  through  the  j 
secondary  olooks,  whioh,  by  means 
of  eleotm-— magnets,  operate 
the  hands  to  keep  them  in  step 
with  the  master  clock's  hands. 

All  sohools  and  oolleges  should 
be  oanvassed  in  this  matter,  as 
well  as  other  places  where  suol^ 
olooks  are  used.  This  inoludest 
railway  stations,  eto.  Also  the( 
Eleotrio  olook  manufacturers  to 
be  interviewed.  There  are  some 
eleotrio  olooks  that'  use  mag¬ 
netos,  with  no  battery*  But  they 
are  expensive  and  are  not  in  as 
muoh  use  as  the  battery  Operated 

54.  Breeohes  Bouy  life  saving 
apparatus . 

(This  matter  1b  in  Mr* 
Hutohison'B  hands. 

Eleotrio  toys  of  all  kinds.  (All  manufacturers  of 

toys  should  he  interviewed. 
They  use  now,  dry  batteries. 
These  dry  batteries  last 
for  a  short  time,  and  the 
operation  of  the  toys  is  not 
satisfactory.  There  is  a 
very  large  market  awaiting 
the  oylindrioal  oell  for 
this  purpose). 

Street  oars. 
Interurban  oars. 

Subway  oars,  emergency  lights. 

{Refer  to  OPERATION  OP  #82). 

{laws  will  soon  he  passed, 
necessitating  the  equipment  of 
all  suhway  ana  elevated  trains  , 
with  emergenoy  lightB,  operated 
hy  storage  batteries,  bo  that  I 
when  the  power  goes  off,  the 
lights  will  remain  in  the  oar.  , 
The  MoAdoo  Tunnel  system  in  New| 
Tort  is  so  equipped.  The  lead  j 
battery  is  of  little  servioe  ori 
this,  because  it  deteriorates  1 
rapidly.  ThiB  matter  iB  in  Mr. 

Subways . 

Railway  train  lighting. 

Railway  signal  lights. 

Car  inspector's  lanterns. 

Train  orew  lanterns, 
locomotive  headlights. 

.0*  Eleotrio  bouys. 

The  law  will  Boon  oompel  the 
illumination  of  subways  by 
storage  battery  lights,  or  a 
reserve  storage  battery  in  the  | 
power  stations,  to  take  oare  of 
the  lights  in  oase  the  power  goaa 
Otti  1 

{The  difference  in  weight  be¬ 
tween  the  Edison  Battery  and 
the  lead  battery  will  pay  for 
the  Edison  Battery  in  a  Bhort 
time,  owing  to  the  high  oost  of 
hauling  on  fast  passenger 
trains.  Mr.  Thompson  has  this 
matter  in  hand). 

(In  Mr.  Thompson's  Department). 

(The  small  oylindrioal  oell 
is  excellently  adapted  tor  this 
kind  of  work,  and  should  be  1 
pushed  for  this). 

(The  same  applies) 4 

(The  steam  turbines  universal¬ 
ly  used  for  operating  the  arc 
light  of  the  headlight  of  the 
locomotive  is  extremely  wasteful 
of  steam,,  and  is  very  unpopular 
among  engine  drivers,  beoause 
of  the  difficulty  of  supplying 
it  with  steam.  EdiBOn  storage 
battery  installed  on  a  locomo¬ 
tive  or  on  the  tender  could  do 
this  very  satisfactorily.) 

(This  matter  is  in  Mr. 

Hutchison' 8  hands. 

lli  Automobiles,  either  in  battery 

alone  or  in  oonjunotion  with 

dynamo*  (There  are  a  large  number 

of  lighting  outfits  being 
installed  on  automobiles. 

The  objeotion  that  has  been 
raised  to  the  Edison  Battery 
thus  far  on  Buoh  lighting 
outfits  is  the  difference 
of  potential  between  the 
oharge  and  disoharge  voltage. 
This  is  of  no  moment  however, 
beoause  when  a  oar  is  stand¬ 
ing  still,  it  does  not  need  the 
lights  as  brilliant  as  when 
moving.  The  battery  is  simply 
to  take  oare  of  the  lights  when 
the  speed  of  the  engine  falls 
below  a  certain  rate  of  rotation 
Therefore,  the  argument  is 
groundless,  and  the  Edison 
Battery  Bhould  be  used  in  thiB 
work.  ...  lead  Batteries  now 
being  installed  will  soon 
commence  to  play  out  and  the 
Edison  Battery  will  come  in  on 
the  renewals.  This  field  should 
be  pushed  very  hard). 

12.  Mining  lamps.  (All  minerB  use  a  lamp.  The 

cylindrical  oellB  can  be  uBed 
for  thiB  purpose  to  great  ad¬ 
vantage.  large  mine  owners 
Bhould  be  oommunioated  with  on 
this  subject.  In  fact,  a  com¬ 
plete  miner's  lamp  Bhould  be 
gotten  up  and  Bold  with  Edison 
Battery) i 

13.  Police  lamps.  (All  polioemen  on  night  duty 

carry  an  inspection  lamp  for 
inspecting  looks  of  doors,  eto. 
These  lamps  are  now  operated 
by  dry  batteries.  Many  thous¬ 
ands  of  the  Edison  Battery  of 
cylindrical  form  can  be  sold 
for  this  purpose.  A  complete 
lamp  with  Edison  Battery  in  it 
should  be  designed  and  put  on 
the  market  for  this  purpose). 

14.  Postman's  lampB.  (Postmen  also  use  the  same  kind 

of  lanterns  that  the  polioemen 
use  to  read  the  address  t-on  let¬ 
ters,  inspection  of  the  interior 
of  post  boxes,  etc.  When  dark. 
The  Post  Offioe  Dept,  will  be 
taken  oare  of  by  Mr.  Eutohison 
as  soon  as  these  lamps  are  ready 


1 15.  Uight  lamps  and  olooks. 

16.  Safety  lamps  in  magazines, 
?  submarines,  eto. 

(The  Amerioan  Eleotrioal 
novelty  Co.  and  othex  make 
a  large  number  of  olooks,  whioh, 
by  pressure  of  a  button,  oan  be 
read.  The  small  oylindrioal 
dell  should  replaoe  the  dry 
oell  for  this  purpose). 

(In  the  event  of  failure  of 
the  lightB  on  board  ship,  the 
interior  of  the  magaaine  is 
illuminated  by  these  small 
safety  lamps,  that  are  already 
on  the  market.  The  Edison 
Battery  should  be  adapted  to 
suoh  a  lamp,  and  a  very  large 
sale  would  result*  Mr. 
Hutohison  has  thiB  matter  in 
hand) . 

18*  Shops,  Offices,  eto., 
after  power  is  off. 

(There  are  many  factories, 
lighted  by  their  own  dynamos, 
whioh  Bhut  down  at  6  o'olook. 

In  the  event  of  the  offioers  of 
the  oompany  desiring  to  work 
after  dark  on  the  books,  eto., 
tfeey  have  to  use  kerosene 
lamps.  A  reserve  storage  battery 
outfit  would  be  very  advantag¬ 
eous  in  suoh  wdrk) . 

19.  Emergenoy  lights  in  theatres. 

(If  proper  pressure  is  brought 
to  bear  all  theatres  oan  be 
compelled  to  put  in  suoh  a  bat¬ 
tery  for  emergenoy  in  case  the  , 
lightB  go  out  by  reason  of  disoo. 
neotion  or  dis continuation  of  th 
ourrent  from  the  main,  the 
theatre  oan  be  lighted  by  the 
storage  battery) . 

SWS.S!11“  “*  .1 

staged  in  whioh  small  eleotrio 
lamps  are  used  on  the  person 
of  eaoh  danoer.  The  oylindrioal 
oell  is  exoellently  adapted  for 
this  work.  When  a  show  is  on 
the  road,  they  oannot  always 
get  the  small  dry  batteries 
for  the  eleotrio  lampB,  but  oan 
oarry1  the  Edison  Battery  with 
them  and  have  them  charged  from 
time  to  time,  as  they  may  need  it) 

21.  Country  houses. 

(There  are  a  large  number  of 
isolated  plants  in  use  today 
in  oountry  houses*  The  Edison  | 
Battery  is  best  adapted  for  this 
work.  Istlated  plant  manufactur¬ 
ers  should  be  worked  on  this ) 

22.  Yaohts. 

23.  Omnibuses . 

124*  Eleotrio  lamps  used  by 
Submarine  divers. 

26.  Reserve  for  light  ships  and 
I  light  houses  using  eleotrio 
lampB . 

26.  Hotel  &  dafe  dining  tables. 

( The  same  holds  good  on 
yaohts) . 

{ There  are  quite  a  large  number 
of  gaBolene  and  horse  driven 
buses  that  must  be  illuminated 
inside.  The  storage  battery  is 
coming  into  extensive  use  for  this 
purpose.  The  Edison  Battery  iB 
best  adapted  for  this  use.  All 
gasolene  oar  manufacturers  should 
be  interviewed  in  this  matter) . 

(Submarine  diving  apparatus 
manufacturers  should  be  inter¬ 
viewed  in  this  matter) . 

(This  matter  1b  in  Mr.  Hutohison  s 

(In  many  instanoeB  the  individual 
lighting  of  tables  in  the  center 
of  dining  roomB  is  diffioult. 

A  small  EdiBon  Battery  aooomplishes 
this  excellently.  The  BlaokBtonc 
Hotel  in  Chicago  is  so  equipped. 

X,  Booster  Battery 

power  oirouit. 

(This  Is  the  large  oell  pro¬ 
position,  and.  wort  thereon  Is 
rather  permature  yet  as  to 

2.  Carrying  day  or  night  loads 
of  small  plants. 

3*  Storing  power  generated  hy 
wind-mills • 

(There  are  large  numBers  of  , 
plants  throughout  the  oountry 
whioh  are  now  running  day  and 
night,  having  either  only  a  1 
day  load  or  a  night  load.  . 
Edison  Storage  Battery  oan  Be| 
used  to  great  advantage  in  suoh 
work) . 

(There  is  no  reason  why  power 
derived  from  wind'-mills  shouli . 
not  Be  used  to  oharge  storage 
Batteries  for  lighting  oountry 
residences,  operation  of  farm 
maohinery  eto.) 

4.  Storing  power  generated  By 
tidal  motors. 

5.  Storage  power  generated  By 
wave  motors . 

6.  Storing  power  generated  By 
solar  engines. 

7.  Water  wheels. 

(Various  Bohemes  are  on  foot  I 
for  using  the  tideB  to  generate 
power;  As  the  flow  of  the  tide 
is  intermittent,  the  power  mu^t 
Be  stored.  The  Edison  Battery 
is  exoellently  adapted  for  this 

(The  same  holds  good). 

(Efforts  are  Being  made  to 
oonoentrate  the  heat  from  the 
sun  to  Boil  water  to  operate 
steam  engines  to  drive  dynamos. 
Owing  to  the  uncertainty  of  the 
weather,  this  power  must  Be  stor¬ 
ed,  and  Edison  Battery  is  Besl 
adapted  to  this  work). 

(There  are  a  large  numBer  of 
rivers  and  streams  that  oannol 
Be  dammed  up  for  ordinary 
turBine  operation.  But  whioh 
are  still  availaBle  for  power 
By  the  use  of  large  paddle  wheels 
turned  By  the  flow  of  the  water. 
Power  oan  Be  stored  up  in  the 
night-time  to  augment  the 
dynemo  the  next  day  for  the 
operation  of  eleotrio  motors 
for  farm  maohinery,  eto.  Some¬ 
times  this  power  is  not  suf¬ 
ficient  for  the  operation  of 
grinding  mills,  eto.  But  if 


8.  Reserve  power  for  heavy  demands.  (This  inoludes  many  manufactur¬ 
ing  enterprises,  railway  power 
houseB,  eto.,  and  is  more  com¬ 
prehensively  included  under  the 
term  "Booster  Battery"  referred 
to  above). 

9.  Utilizing  and  storing  power, 
now  going  to  waste  in  emptying 
and  filling  oanal  looks. 

(When  vessels  pass  through  oanal 
lookB,  the  water  must  he  admit-l 
ted  slowly  or  released  slowly, 
in  order  that  dangerous  ourrent) 
will  not  be  produoed,  whioh  woul 
tend  to  oause  the  vessel  to  col¬ 
lide  with  the  end  of  the  look. 
This  power  is  now  going  to  wast 
There  is  no  reason  why  a  revers|- 
able  turbine  system  Bhould  not  jbe 
used  so  that  the  water  passing 
into  or  out  of  the  look  can 
operate  the  turbine,  generate 
eleotrioity,  for  storage  in 
Edison  Storage  Battery.  The 
power  derived  therefrom  oould 
operate  the  look  meohanism  as 
well  as  furnishing  current  for 
lights  eto.,  eto.T. 

10.  College  laboratories  and 
test: stations. 

(All  oolleges  and  laboratories 
use  storage  batteries  for  pur¬ 
poses  to  whioh  the  ordinary  line 
ourrent  is  not  adapted.  These 
batteries  receive  very  little 
attention,  and  in  the  oase  of 
lead  batteries,  deteriorate 
through  laok  of  attention.  The 
Edison  Battery  is  the  best 
Battery  in  existence  for  this 
kind  of  work.  All  oolleges 
and  laboratories  should  be  oanv< 
sed  in  this  matter) . 

11.  High  potential,  small  unit 
ij  test  batteries. 

/  2 .  VJafrlDt'fa-  Tisiw<]  • 

(In  all  oolleges  and  laboratories, 
it  is  neoessary  to  have  aooess 
to  very  high  direot  ourrent 
voltages.  The  lead  cells  now 
used  for  this  purpose  are  very 
small ,  but  deteriorate  very 
rapidly.  They  get  very  little 
use,  but  are  needed  quickly  when 
the  urgenoy  arises.  The  one 
ampere-hour  oell  is  large  enough 
for  suoh  purpose,  and  thousands 
of  them  oan  be  sold  to  meet  this 

(rht  %M.  Cas  TTteM'TtlSH' 
jam,  Tm-  £4iSf*\  ^  frv 

aMr  isv  frurSte, rx  h) 

Edison  General  File  Series 

1911.  Battery,  Storage  -  Country  House  Lighting  -  General  (E-11-09) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
the  commercial  and  technical  development  of  Edison's  alkaline  storage 
battery.  Most  of  the  letters  are  responses  to  an  advertisement  placed  by 
Edison  in  Iron  Age  and  numerous  newspapers  soliciting  investors  and 
promoters  for  his  "Country  House  Lighting  System"— a  plan  to  illuminate  rural 
homes  located  beyond  gas  and  electric  mains.  Included  is  a  compilation  of 
estimated  costs  and  service  plans,  along  with  correspondence  concerning  a 
successful  scheme  for  lighting  houses  with  storage  batteries  in  Norfolk, 
Virginia.  Other  items,  including  a  note  from  Charles  Edison,  discuss  plans  to 
outfit  a  "Show  House”  near  Edison's  home  in  Llewellyn  Park,  New  Jersey.  The 
selected  letters  are  primarily  from  prospective  investors  who  had  previous 
connections  with  Edison.  Samples  of  Edison's  standard  replies  and  marginalia 
have  also  been  included. 

Among  the  correspondents  are  Robert  Colwell,  an  acquaintance  of 
Edison's  former  business  associate  Robert  H.  Thompson;  Charles  H.  Mixer, 
who  worked  with  Edison  as  a  telegrapher  in  Louisville  during  the  1860s; 
longtime  associate  Cornelius  E.  Nestor,  president  of  the  Nestor  Electric 
Vehicle  Co.;  Alfred  J.  Voyer,  an  office  boy  at  66  Broadway  in  New  York  City 
during  the  late  1 870s;  and  Will  C.  Turner,  co-founding  secretary  and  manager 
of  the  Edison  Electric  Light  Co.  of  Columbus,  Ohio.  Also  included  is  a  letter 
by  electrical  engineer  George  A.  Mullen  containing  reminiscences  about 
Edison,  Frank  J.  Sprague,  and  Samuel  Insull  at  the  Pearl  Street  central 

Less  than  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The  items 
not  selected  consist  primarily  of  letters  from  prospective  investors  and 
duplicate  material,  including  a  typed  copy  of  Edison's  enumerated  "Uses  for 
Edison  Battery"  from  October  1911. 


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.  Wi  >0  ;9!  I 

Dear  Sirs- 

Hef erring  to  your  newspaper  advertisement  of  to-day  I  *eg  to  aay  that 
I  feel  inclined  to  share  in  some  legitimate,  sound  and  growing  enterprise, 

and,'  after  thorough  examination;  to  invest  the  nesessary  amount. 

I  am  a  foreigner';  German,  Christian,  and  have  a  thorough  commercial 
training  and  wide  experience.;  I  must  add;  however,  that  -  inasmuch  as  I 
&ave  lived  in  this  country  for  only  four  years  -  I  do  speak  English  pretty 
well  and  am  able  to  read  even  difficult  corresponded,  technical  treatises'; 
etc.,,  while  I  do  not  control  the  language  to  such  an  extent  as  to  *e  con*, 
potent  to  do  outside  work,  etc';11, 

I  am  interested  in  a  very  important  enterprise  which,  however,  leaves 
my  time  perfectly  free,  and  I  am  anxious  to  make  ubs  of  this  time.  I  am  in 
possession  of  first  class  *arifc>-  and  private  references  and  shall  V  glad  to 
submit  aam&m 

in  case  you  should  *e  interested  in  my  offer,  X  would  aBk  you  to  gi' 
me  as  detailed  an  account  as  possible  of  the  most  important  points  of  your  | 
proposition  which  I  shall';  of  course;  treat  as  strictly  confidential.'  So 
long  as  I  am  unable  to  judge  whether  the  nature  of  your  project  will  *e  ao-  j 
oeptatle  to  me';  I  do  not  wish  to  otfoupy  either  my  time  or  yours;  on  t»e  I 

other  hand,'  if  your  information  should  satisfy  me,  I  shall  gladly  arrgngo 
for  a  farther  oral  interview.' 

Kindly  send  your  first  letter  to  the  address  indicated  *elow?  looking, 
forward  with  interest  to  your  reply';  I  am;  ..  _  W' 

Er  H.i  Hi: 

B  *ox67  .Joststation  W» 

*  Test  85rd  Street, 

Bow  York? 

lours  twly 

Hii  Wii 


■  *  AGENTS  FOR  % 






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Thomas  A.  Edison, 

My  attention  has  been  oalled  to  your  »Ad"  in 

yesterday's  paper,  and  will  say  that  1  i 

1  interested  therein. 

I  fail  to  olearly  understand  what  you  may  wish  me  to 
state  in  the  way  of  qualifications,  tout  believe  1  oan  easily 
assure  you  as  to  reliability  and  finanoial  responsibility  at 

the  proper  time  and  plaoe. 

Till  say  further  that  I  am  at 

present  the  owner  of  two  maohanioal  business  lines  oonneoted 
with  both  the  railroad  and  automobile  industries  whioh  are 
not  only  suooessful,  but  well  known  throughout  the  oountry  and 
I  dont  think' you  would  find  my  bank  standing  in  the  least 
unsatisfactory.  At  the  present  time  I  have  some  little  cap¬ 
ital  that  is  idle  and  the  name  of  Edison  naturally  1b  of  inter¬ 
est  to  would  be  investors  as  the  usual  questions  of  reliability 
and  good  faith  should  be  entirely  eliminated  thereby. 

If  an  interview  is  neooessary  to  get  in  touch  with 
you,  will  try  to  arrange  same  to  suit  your  convenience  but  having 
just  returned  from  a  business  trip  abroad  am  unusually  busy 
and  would  greatly  appreciate  further  detal  from  you  regarding 
your  proposition,  in  closing  will  say  that  I  am  not  only  fully 
prepared  but  very  willing  to  show  my  good  faith  in  what  you  have 

#117  Wesv64th,  st. 

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Mr.  Thoraaa  A.  Bdiaon,  Bdiaon  BaboratAry, 
Orange,  H.  7. 

Bear  Sirs- 

Your  advertiuement  in  the  "Hew  York  Herald",  of  Sunday  inter eata 
me.  Will  you  kindly  let  me  know  parti  oul are?  Mjr  reoord  ie  enoloeed  here¬ 


Dictated  by  Mr. 
to  S.  B.  B» 

Sincerely  and  very  truly. 

j  XX  C.  r  :.  — 


^  S'i 

Railway  Equipment. 
Cah  Trusts. 


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Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Edison  Laboratory, 
Orange,  X.  J. 

Dear  Sir : - 

Your  advertisement  In  the  Sunday  paper,  stating 
that  you. had  an  article  which  a  limited  number  or  middle 
aged  men  with  some  business  experience  and  a  capital  of 
five  to  seven  thousand  dollars,  etc.,  has  been  brought 
to  my  attention,  and  in  reply  I  beg  to  state  that  I 
graduated  as  a  mechanical  engineer  at  Stevens  Institute 
in  1894  and  have  since  engaged  in  the  manufacture  of 
paper  and  also  in  operating  .several  mines  throughout 
the  United  States  and  Mexico. 

I  have  also  operated  lighting  properties  anu  have 
had  considerable  selling  experience;  namely,  with  the 
Eraser  &  Chalmers  Co.,  now  the  Allis-Chalmers  Corp'n, 
and  have  but  recently  taleen  the  exclusive  agency  in  the 
states  of  Massachusetts  and  Rhode  Island  for  the  Detroit 
Combination  Tool,  manufactured  by  the  Detroit  Tool  Co. 
These  states  I  have  organized  with  sub-agents  throughout 
and  have  both  time  and  capital  that  I  can  put  into  a 
business  that  I  can  add  to  my  present  one. 

The  -last  salaried  position  I  had  was  with  the 
Hollingsworth  &  Vose  Co.,  manufacturers  of  rope  manilla 
paper  in  this  city,  and  they  paid  me  §6,000  a.  year. 

I  would  be  very  pleased  to  hear  from  you  with  par¬ 
ticulars  of  your  proposition  and  once  knowing  what  it 
is  I  can  judge  whether  I  am  suited  by  experience  to 
handle  it  to  advantage  and  can  outline  to  you  more  fully 
ii\y  qualifications. 

3  be  favored  with  a  reply,  I  am 
Your 8  very  trufl 

EHC  /M 



Alfred  Jk  "Vo YKR 

/V,* ./  j 

•..  v"  sy 

Mr.  Thorns  A. '  J3dirfontw  />£•»-  *  y  ^ 

west -Orange  N. Vito*. l?\  \fl  £■'  U 
My  dour  Ur.  Kdinonr^on'  wfc^recall  in  the  writer  ^ 
the  *  office  W"T&  of /B<5  Broad¬ 

way;*.  in  the  early  von,. .  ^^:th<|develop>nent  ,?f 
the  Automatic  system  The  »  office 

boy"  is  .‘nofer  52  years  ^i^'ag^^hiai^i;  hearty  and  vig- 

I  renewed  my  ab.qu.a^tanceVwith  you  on  the 
porohpf  the  United  States' d^el,  ^  dwing  the  Bummer 

V  '  C-N-Jsto-i-;  V., 

of  1888.  -  "•• 

X  have  read  witjti  se^^interost ,  the  attached 
article.  If  it  is  not , an  exaggeration,  I  would 

lihe  to  avail- myself  of  !  ItR^ivolegeB. 

I  have  been  .cnga^ed^dn  the  StocV.  broV.erage 
business  for  the  pas);  18  yoa*a,  and  would  welcome  any 
chango  ,  ■■.'■  ■';■  ■■.  ■■■'■  ;  i 

I  trust  ; jirou  will" recall  mo  as  readily  as  "Jach" 
Wright,  13. H. Johnson;  and  even  Mr.  J.C  Hoiff,  '.just 
previous  to  his  death  /  .  . 


Perhaps  you  will  also  recall  our  great  effort 
to  heat  the  V/.U.on  the  President's  message,  with  the 
iodine  of  potassium  paper,  (  purchased  by  me  for 
you  so  often,  by, the  pound). 

During  the  past  thirty  fivo  years,  X 
have  been  activoly  connected  with  the  telegraph, 
telephone  ,and  electric  railway  business. 

If  the  proposition  involves  a  Knowledge 
of  electricity,  I  would  feel  especially  qualified  . 

Trusting  to  hear  from  you-,  I  am. 

Yours  truly, 

Albany  N.Y.Nov.  Snd.  1011. 

regard  to  the"Lighting  of  Private  Houses  beyond  Oas 
and  Electric  Mains  with  The  Edison  Storage  Battery". 

1  have  satisfied  myself  that  the  Independent 
Electric  light  Co's,  cover  the  field  within  a  dadius 
of  ten  miles  of  Madison,  N.  J.  and  that  there  are 
not  a  possible  100  customers. 

They  differ  from  the  Municipal  Plants  in  that 

they  will  supply  elecricity  outside  Villiage  Limits. 

So  it  appears  impossible  for  me  to  follow  this 
line  and  live  in  Madison, Bhould  anything  develop  in 
New  York  City  I  would  like  the  opportunity  to  look  • 
into  it. 

In  any  case  my  trip  to  Orange  was  no  loss  as 
it  was  a  great  pleasure  to  meet  you. 

Very  truly i 




Cost  to  consumer  —  6  A-4  Cells  -- 
Deposit  required  to  Be  returned  when 

servioe  is  given  up.  - — — — - — - -  $81,00 


Rent  $6,00  per  year  per  cell  - - - - -  30.00 

Carting  2-1/2  times,  60/  eaoh  time  - - — — —  16,00 

lamp  breakage  400  hour  life - - -  6.00 

Annual  cost  — - - - - — - -  $73760 

One  6  CP  in  Kitohen  1  hour 
One  10  CP  Dining  1  " 

Two  10  CP  Sitting 

room  Zk  " 

Pour  3  CP  Bedrooms  i  " 


6  A-8  cells  — 


Rent  $10.00  per  oell  - 

Charging  2-1/2  times  $1.60  per  oharge 

Carting  2-1/2  times  - - - 

lamp  Breakage 






One  6 
Two  10 
Five  10 
Pour  3 

CP  in  Kitohen  1  He 

CP  "  Dining  1  * 

CP  "  Sitting  room  r 
CP  "  Bedrooms  i  r 



6  A- 4  ~V. 

Charging  Voltage  11  Volta,  20  amp.  7  l/2  hours  Input  21/2  KWH.  at  4/ 
KWH.  10fS,  2  1/2  ohargea  sold  at  76/5  per  charge  la  $1.87  per  month, 
deduotlng  ooat  of  current  leaveB  gross  profit  of  $1.62  per  month, 
allowing  4055  on  the  ctobb  profit  for  general  expense,  rent,  atten¬ 
dance,  and  repairs  giveB  net  profit  of  97  cents  per  battery  per 

200  Customer  2  1/2  deliveries  per  month  gives  19  deliveries  per  day 
To  charge  these  requires  about  60  KWH  dally 

If  charged  dally  for  7  1/2  hours  requires  engine  and  dynamo  of  about 
10  Horse  power. 

Current  could  be  made  with  oil,  gas  or  gasolene  Engine  cheaper 
than  4  oents  per  KWH. 

The  profit  to  the  renter  on  above  200  customers  would  be  $194.00 
per  month. 

If  only  suburban  work  is  done  then  a  one  horse  delivery  wagon  oould 
make  deliveries. 

The  average  oost  of  this  olass  of  work  as  taken  from  the  books  of  a 
dozen  oonoerns  1b  $100,00  per  month;  if  19  deliveries  daily  oould  be 
made  the  receipts  would  be  at  50j<  per  delivery  &  pioking  up  $9.60; 

If  only  10  per  day,  reoelpts  would  be  $6,00,  both  of  which  would 
give  a  profit. 

Mr.  Julius  passauer, 

475  Broadway  , 

Hew  York  City. 

pear  Sir : 

Your  reply  to  my  advertisement  has 
been  received,  and  its  contents  noted.  X  am 
preparing  a  statement  of  the  proposition  under 
consideration,  and  in  a  few  days  shall  take 
pleasure  in  sending  same  to  you,  at  which  time 
we  can  arrange  for  a  personal  interview  if- 

Nrtu  Strata  ffittia  &tork  Smmrattre  (Emnpatuj 

189-191  MARKET  STREET 

Newark,  n.  J..  ^y  ^/// 


<P?n>  v 

%+***+*+  -  dP ytfub. '  a 

&t>u  Z+^Stf  -y1^^--^- 

££l  A-r  PUr- 


a  ia  as-m  ut/rt.1  It'AAcfA.  ItCC  ^Clc^  t'&V'J*. 

5?  — ■  ‘■y  -  '  \ 

^  (~r?%£c  iJjC^^J 

Nov.  7th,  1911 

,  Howard  D.  Allen, 

o/o  Albert  Tool  Co,, 

221  North  23ra  St., 

Philadelphia,  Pa. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Yonr  favor  of  the  1st  instant  was  received.  In 
reply  I  would  say  that  the  proposition  under  oonaideration 
involves  the  exploitation  of  my  storage  battery  for  certain 
special  uses  by  high  class  men  who  would  give  their  time  to 
the  matter  exclusively,  working  with  their  own  capital  and 
getting  around  their  territory  in  person.  Hence,  you  will  sei 
it  could  not  be  handled  with  other  things  by  a  concern  such 

as  you  own. 

Yours  truly. 

R.  J.  FISH 


3QKLYN,  N.  Y.  U/JO/II 

I4r.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

The  Edison  Laboratories, 

Orange.  H •  J- 

Dear  Sir: — 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor 
of  the  yth  instant,  and  as  requested,  will 
call  upon  you  about  eleven  thirty  a.m.  on 
Monday  the  13th. 




_h<hu, . IQ-, 

_ //y/e£  /3 


j£ : 

7,  .  £*W 

Received  at  Hovember  n  -n 

8  HY  DS  25  Paid  night  letter 
;HI  "Hew  York  H.Y.  Hov  10-11 
Thomas  A  Edison 

Orange  Hew  Jersey. 

ihl  leave  Hew  York  tea  ninut.o  pa.t  nine  Setordw  Homing  «rlrlag 
Orange  aiae  fitt,  ala.  tker.fore  will  prelaw  arrive  »«  year  lalor.tery 
shortly  after  ten  oclook. 

R  F  Haf fenreffer .  1:31am 


Electrical  Enqineers 


This  amazing  proposal  struok  me  so  forcibly 
that  we  have  rented  a  small  factory,  ideally  looated  at  Woodbury, 
H.J.,  end  will  soon  be  ready  to  try  out  your  proposition.  To  me 
the  possibilities  are  simply  boundless.  We  are  well  equipped  to 
handle  it  in  oonneotion  with  the  SOW  VOLTAGE  ED I SOU  STORAGE  BATTERY 
PLANTS,  vrtiioh  we  have  been  working  on  for  some  little  time  and  have 
extensively  advertised.  We  have  set  up  one  of  these  isolated  plants 
wh/oh  we  will  have  on  exhibit  for  our  numerous  prospective  customers 
to  see,  just  as  soon  as  I  oan  get  40  Orange  and  seoure  the  hatteryfj 
whioh  may  be  tomorrow  or  Wednesday,  when~I~hope  to.  have  an  opportun¬ 
ity  to  see  you. 


This  meets  in  Swedesboro,  U.J.,  15th  and  16th 
of  this  month.  You  will  perhaps  reoall  that  I  mentioned  to  you 
the  faot  that  lightning  rod  men  were  using  your  name  to  swindle 
the  farmers.  For  instanoe:  John  Stutt  of  Bridgeton,  E.J.,  is 
showing  a  letter  from  you  whioh  he  olaims  is  your  endorsement  of 
the  old  twisted  lightning  rod.  Another,  one  George  Bit tatft 




Lewes,  Del.,  olaims  he  went  to  Edisonjsohool  for  four  years  to  he 
taught  your  system  of  lightning  rods.  When  they  invited  me  to  give 
them  «  talk  on  Lightning  Broteotion  X  suggested  they  oommunioate  with 
you  during  the  convention,  and  that  you  would  doubtless  reply  giving 
them  the  desired  information.  3inoe  seeing  you  X  have  informed  them 
that  you  would,  and  would  make  your  position  regarding  the  matter  per¬ 
fectly  plain  to  them.  I  have  thought  this  would  he  an  excellent  time 
to  announoe.your  rental  proposition. 


Last  Sunday  I  was  looking  over  your  biography  and  ran 
across  "His  Gaud  Guesses"  and  "Fun  Loving"  and  I  wondered  if  you  re¬ 
called  the  following:  Mr.  X.Y.Z - ao  called  because  he 

thought  the  slightest  duty  must  be  figured  .out  and  proven  by  calculus 
before  being  attempted, was  an  electrician  in  historic  old  Bearl  St. 

The  safety-catches  in  the  street  boxes  were  in  the  meantime  getting 
loose  in  spite  of  calculus.  The  first  feeder  to  go  threw  its  load 
on  the  next,  and  it  having  as  much  as  it  could  carry  also  went.  There 
were  six  winks  and  the  district  was  in  darkness.  The  only  serious  in¬ 
terruption,  I  believe,  except  during  the  first  fire.  You  came  down 
with  Messrs.  Johnston,  Bergmann  and  Sprague.  You  looked  over  the 
map  of  the  district,  gave  Sprague  some  figuring  to  do,  but  was  not 
satisfied  with  his  results.  Sprague  went  over  his  figutes  but  in¬ 
sisted  he  was  right.  You  again  questioned  their  correctness,  when 
Chinnook  started  in  to  do  some  "guessing"  and  he"guessed"  that  when 




GEORGE  ALLEN  MULLEN  &  CO.  w.  Ulht 


it  osme  to  mathematios  Sprague  knew  aa  mnoh  aa  Edison,  so  he 
(Chinnook)  bet  you  dinners  for  the  orowa  .  that  Sprague  was  correct. 

For  the  moment  you  seemed  satisfied  with  3prague's  figures  much  tp 
Chinnookts  elation,  hut  to  his  oonsternation  two  minutes  after  you 
again  challenged  Sprague's  figures  and  Sprague  gave  in  your"guess" 
was  right  and  Ohinnock  bought  the  dinners.  Again  one  night,  it 
was  nearer  morning,  you  oame  down  with  Mr.  Insull.  You  went  in  the 
test  room,  Mr.  Insull  found  a  soft  hoard  on  the  top  of  the  lamp 
him  in  the  regulator  room,  and  Bpreading  out  some  newspapers  he 
wasr.  soon  sleeping  soundly.  You  will  reoall  that  in  this  regula¬ 
tor  room  there  were  two  doors,  one  led  to  the  offioe  and  street, 
the  other  to  a  lavatory,  which  was  placed  in  a  right  angle  of  the 
smoke-staok.  The  door  whioh  led  to  the  offioe  and  street  was  made, 
of  tongued  and  grooved  material,  same  as  the  partition,  and  to  a 
stranger  this  door  would  be  invisible.  When  you  came  into  regulator 
room  -  about  2  or  3  o’olook  -  you  awoke  Mr.  Insull  and  he,  rubbing 
his  eyes,  groped  after  you.  Suddenly  you  opened  the  lavatory  door 
but  quiokly  went  out  the  invisible  one.  Mr.  Insull  fell  overthe 
hopper  and  Jammed  his  silk  hat  against  the  smoke-staok.  His  re¬ 
marks  were  not  heard  by  you  for  by  this  time  you  were  on  the  street. 






ilov.  17th,  1911 

Mr:  Orlando  Thayer, 

42  Broadway, 

Hew  York  City. . 

Dear  Sir:- 

Yoxir  favor  of  the  14th  Inst,  has  been  received, 
and  I  an  much  pleased  to  learn  that  yon  have  already  inter¬ 
ested  a  gentleman  in  tho  Country  Honso  lighting  System. 

.1  would  say  in  reply  to  your  inquiry  that  the 
same  electric  plant  can  ho  used  for  heating  small  electric 
stoves,  flatirons,  coffee  percolators,  eleotrio  toasterB, 
and  all  similar  heating  appliances.  In  fact,  it  can  he  used 
for  all  purposes  for  which  electric  current,  obtained  from 
the  oity  wires,  is  used  in  the  various  applienoeB  that  are 
now  being  made  for  operation  on  electric  currents. 

I  am  arranging  various  sizes  of  complete  plantB 
for  the  eleotrio  lighting  of  country  houses.  If  the  purchas¬ 
er  also  wants  to  use  the  current  for. the  above  named  purposes 
in  addition  to  lighting,  the  next  Bize  of  plant  would  answer 
his  requirements.  If  he  also  desired  to.  charge  his  electric 
automobile  from  the  same  source,  it. might  be  neoesBary  to 
have  a  still  larger  plant.  Of  course,  it  would  all  depend  on 
the  Bize  of  the  original  plant  installed.  f 

O.T.  (2)  Nov.  17Al 

Modern  electric  vehicles,  with  Kdioon  Storage 
Battery,  are  capable  of  limiting  between  100  and  200  mileB 
on  a  charge.  This  matter  of  mileage,  however,  1b  one  that 
should  he  thoroughly  understood  in  purchasing  a  vehicle, 
for  the  reason  that  one  person  may  get  a  larger  mileage 
than  another  person  because  of  more  expert  handling  of  the 
machine . 

I  have  been  so  extremely  buoy  of  'lato  that  the 
preparation  of  printed  matter  has  been  somewhat  delayed.  It 
has  been  done  under  my  own  close,  personal  supervision,  ana 
the  first  booklet  on  this  subject  is  now  ready  for  the  printer. 
I  hope  it  willVbe  out  next  week.  I  shall  send  you  a  copy  of 
it  db  soon  as  it  is  ready.  Then  you  will  be  possessed  of 
further  information,  and  you  can  come  out  to  see  me  at  any 
time  if  there  are  any  fithtter.inquiries  you  want  to  make  to 
enable  you  to  close  tho  doal  you  have  on  hand. 

Yours  very  truly. 


Railway  Equipment. 
Cab  Trusts. 

J/'h  a  o 


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£  ^t*«.  Aizx.  . 


Tpzd  2>zAit  in* 

Nov.  27/11 

jjr.  Emmet  Piokinson, 

Hiohraona,  Va. 

Dear  Sir:- 

v0ur  favor  of  the  26th  Inst,  has  been  received, 
and.  in  reply  X  beg  to  say  that  my  time  has  been  so  greatly 
occupied  with  a  vast  number  of  matters  that  the  preparation 
of  the  statement  of  my  proposition  has  been  delayed  more  than 
was  expected.  The  matter  is  now  in  the  printer’s  hands,  how¬ 
ever.  and  a  copy  will  be  mailed  to  you  within  a  few  days. 

The  proposition  oovers  a  plan  of  elootrio  light¬ 
ing  for  country  estates  by  separate  plants,  which  include  the 
use  of  my  storage  battery.  The  field  is  a  very  large  one  and 
the  business  is  attractive,  requiring  no  technical  Knowledge 
on  the  part  of  the  Agent,  and  there  is  no  undue  risk  of  capital. 
This  is  only  one  of  the  several  things  I  am  bringing  out. 

In  regard  to  the  educational  motion  pictures, 

I  am  now  preparing  to  put  the  plan  into  practice.  There  is 
^uoh  preliminary  work  tc  he  done,  but  undoubtedly  much  progress 
wlll  be  made  this  winter  towards putting  things  into  practical 
shape.  I  have  not  the  slightest  that  that  it  will  he  so  ef¬ 
fectual  that  it  will  be  difficult  to  keep  the  children  away 
from  sohool. 

yours'  very  truly. 

November  29,  1911. 

In  order  that  the  plumbing  nay  be  kept  from 
freezing,  and  the  house  fairly  comfortable  for  Oorbett 
=  Mrainnio  to  wo^k  in,  it  will  be  necessary  tc  order 

up.  If  you  will  0.  K.  this,  I  will  have  it 


We  also  ought  to, have  a  party  line  telehone 
/In  that  house.  Would  save  a  ereat  deal  of  time.  Tnis  will 
;  onlyj2.50  per  month. 

I  will  ne-d  a  man  to  go  up  there  and  clean  the 
niace  nr  in  good  shape.  It  is  rather  dirty,  especially 
in  the  cellar.  The  man  whom  I  had  taking  care  of  my 
niace  last  Summer  is  an  excellent  fellow,  and  is  now  working 
in  ths  Ca^P snter  Shop  of  the  Storage  Battery  Factory.  I 
paid"  him  $15.00  a  week.  If  you  will  0.  K,  as  you  did 
in  conversation  on  the  train,  I  will  take  tnis  man  away 
from  the  Battery  Works,  and  send  him  up  to  the  house. 

I  can’t  do  very  much  in  the  way  of  cleaning 
up,  otc.,  until  the  caretaker  now  in  possession  moves 
out  on  December  first.  But  I  want  to  get  ready  to  go 
ahead  at  once. 


<■>  vy/ 


■  ,-^r  * 


Mr.  Bdison,^1 

t  houseVftghUng  cfjltaiogUeSKj/J' 

About  that 

stalled  and  some  tests  put  1 

•  Until  we  have  made  some  experiments  In  Qjie .1.  Sty'  jf 

house  we  have  rented  in  the  Park,  1  do  not  think  it"r  ,  s  .  lfi/y\p^/ 
would  be  wise  to  undertake  to  write  an  authentic  cat-/"pV'  y.r.s  S 

alogue  on  the  subject.  The  matter  of  regulation  of  'll  V,  ■  W" 

voltage  has  got  to  be  worked  out  satisfactorily  be-  ts  J}  * 
fore  we  dare  to  undertake  this  matter  seriously.  I  A  •wK-'s 

cannot  make  much  headway  until  the  wiring  is  in-  S  S  IS  ) tA  •/Tv*'  / 

.  wy!AJ}-* 

^  l/V  v 

Therefore,  as  time  is  money,  why  not  jump1'  ,  /  W  J? 
ight  into  this  automobile  lighting  proposition?  The (p*  t  0-c 
arket  is  there  waiting  for  us,  and  there  is  nothing  y 

'  .eed  / 

market  is  there  waiting 
indefinite  about  it.  I  would  like 
to  do  this,  because  I  want  to  see  the  iali 
eries  run  up  now,  during  the  dull  season 
liveries  commence  to  be  taken, on  automobiles  for  1912 
we  are  going  to  sell  about  all  we  can  handle  for 
■  two  or  three  months.  In  the  intervening  month  or 
two,  we  want  to  do  some  business,  and  build  up  that 
end  of  the  proposition. 

I  an  pushing  the  house  matter  as  rapidly 
as  possible,  but  cannot  make  much  headway  until  we 
get  possession  on  December  first.  Meanwlili'e ,  please 
let  me  get  busy  on  the  automobile  end.,/ 

\1_<^f/VjO CLaTV., 

Qa  omnnic^a^dL-J  J^Xa^Iso. 

V-  \C\W- 

<rvwu~®  <X-\  (H-  <rvU 

QiVOAA^?.  *TV>  •  ^  • 

Wut'-X  .  ^  ; 

OUmu^  dua£  ^ 

™  a t»  *>  fiatftT  Iauaau;  ju 
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Ous  AJUD  C^uJ&jlsO  AjJt<xjJU>  &OJOUJ O  ^(AA/UL^J^ 

^  &*>  >-Hp  ^  ^ 

3  -go  y  0>^«  1^0  JOA^tM  A^aai^  ^ 

^  d&vo  VV\  cu^ox^-va;. 

3  fcouuuJ  SlU>*ju<lV  OJ&VO 
ivJr^MvJuO  imu^y  -^A;  ca^^J35 

F^X  urcrvA  v^O^^caJ^IjU^  ^aO 

X^UamA^O  ax£u>^  .JvU 

^AaA-  •  (J  V^ 


7T'  ^ 

December  2,  191  1. 

I  am  enclosing  herev.-ith,  memorandum 
Which  I  sent  Mr.  Edison,  asking,  that  he  0,  K, 
the  various  paragraphs.  As  he  did  not  0,  K, 

No,  2,  I  suppose  he  means  that  the  rest  of 
them  are  0.  K, 

Please  have  sent  up  to  the  house, 
about  three  tons  of  furnace  coal,  and  one  ton  of 
range.  .  coal.  I  suppose  you  know  where  the 
house  is.  1  do  "ot  know  the  humber  of  the 
street,  but  the  copy  of  the  lease  which  Mr. 
Edison  signed,  and  which  you,  no  doubt,  have, 
will  tell  it. 

I  have  already  received  the  cigars  ■ 
for tj&esday ,  December  fifth. 


Dear  Sirj- 

Referring  to  the  recent  advertisement  for  men  with 
a  small  capital,  etc.,  1  wish  to  say  that  I  have  had  such  an 
unexpected  number  of  answers  thereto  that  I  have  been  puzzled 
as  to  what  to  do.  It  was  my  original  intention  to  have  each 
of  the  writers  come  over  to  the  laboratory  to  see  me,  but  owing  • 
to  the  number  of  replies  coming  from  all  parts  of  the  country, 
this  would  be  impossible. 

One  of  my  reasons  for  inserting  the  advertisement 
was  to  get  in  touch  with  a  class  of  men  with  small  capital,  to 
whom  I  could  offer  opportunities  for  merchandising  various  arti¬ 
cles  which  are  constantly  being  brought  out  in  our  laboratory 
and  Works. 

At  the  present  moment  I  have  ready  one  article 
which  opens  a  wide  field.  During  the  winter  I  expect  to  have 
another  article,  and  in  the  summer  two  more.  All  of  these  de¬ 
vices  are  of  utility  and  merit  and  as  fast  as  they  are  perfected 
and  ready  to  introduce,  I  shall  take  occasion  of  mailing  you 
all  the  printed  matter  which  we  may  bring  out  in  relation  to 
same.  This  will  permit  you  to  judge  whether  or  not  it  is  a 



desirable  project  for  you  to  engage  in. 

The  business  I  refer  to  which  is  now  ready  is 
the  Electric  lighting  of  Country  Estates  lying  beyond  the 
lines  of  the  lighting  Companies  in  towns  and  cities. 

This  unoooupled  territory  is  very  great  and  the 
present  systems  of  kerosene,  gasoline  or  acetylene  are 

The  invention  and  introduction  of  the  high  economy 
Tungsten  lamp,  in  combination  with  the  new  storage  battery 
brought  out  by  me ,  has  reduced  the  cost  of  electric  lighting 
for  country  residences  so  much  that  a  given  house  plant  to 
produce  the  required  lighting,  formerly  costing  $1500.00,  can 
now  be  furnished  for  $500.00. 

I  enclose  a  small  descriptive  circular  which  will 
give  you  some  idea  of  this  kind  of  business,  including  costs. 

If  you  wish  for  further  printed  matter  in  this 
direction,  or  if  you  desire  to  keep  posted  as  to  my  future 
products  of  our  factories,  we  will  be  happy  to  have  them  mail¬ 
ed  to  you. 

Yours  truly, 

Dear  Sir:- 

Your  favor  in  regard  to  my  statement  covering  the 
subject  of  houso  lighting  plants  has  been  received. 

In  reply  I  bog  to  say  that  I  have  rented  a  large 
residence  near  by  and  am  having  it  furnished  and  equipped 
with  one  of  the  complete  plants  for  demonstration  purposes. 

This  will  be  ready  in  the  near  future,  and  then  I  will  send 
you  word  and  you  can  come  over  and  see  it  if  you  wish.  You  will 
be  kept  posted  as  to  this  and  other  products  of  my  Laboratory. 

In  the  meantime,  the  figuring  out  of  the  territory 
is  receiving  careful  attention,  and  by  the  time  the  demonstrat¬ 
ing  plant  is  in  full  operation,  I  expect  to  be  in  position  to 
allot  specific  territory  to  those  who  then  desire  to  take  up 
the  business.  We  can  then  consider  all  the  details  of  arrange-  , 
ments  to  be  made  as  to  material,  shipments,  payments,  etc.  I 
think  it  v/ill  be  best  to  defer  arranging  for  a  personal  inter¬ 
view  or  the  making  of  any  definite  agreement  by  correspondence 
until  then. 

Yours  (very  truly, 

I  am  unclar  the  impression  that  there  is  a  clause 

in  the  property  restrictions  of  Llewellyn  Park  to  the  effect 
that  no  buildings  in  it  are  to  be  used  for  commercial  pur¬ 
poses.  This  would  run  counter  to  your  plan  of  the  house 
lighting  proposition.  It  would  be  humiliating  to  Mr.  Edison 
and  to  the  family  as  a  whole  to  have  a  call  down  from  the 
neighbors,  so  I  suggest  that  you  look  into  the  matter  before 
actual  work  has  gone  very  far. 

Hopping  that  you  are  feeling  as  fit  as  ever,  I  am. 
Very  sincerely, 


Docs.  12/n 

Mr.  M.  C.  Cornell, 

52  Broadway, 

Hew  York  City. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Your  favor  of  the  3rd  inot.  came  duly  to  hand. 
Undoubtedly  you  subsequently  received  the  booklet  and  letter 
which  1  sent  you.  If  you  did  not,  pleaBe  let  me  know  and  1 
will  send  duplicate. 

In  regard  to  the  small  electric  delivery  wagon, 

I  beg  to  say  that  I  am  not  quite  ready  to  exploit  this. 

The  #2  experimental  wagon  is  still  running  on  the  test 
which  I  outlined  to  you  when  you  were  here.  When  that  test 
is  finished  I  shall  complete  #3  and  then  put  it  through  an 
exhaustive  seriea  of  tests,  after  whioh.I  believe, we  shall 
be  able  to  consider  the  commercial  type.  This,  however,  will 
take  some  time,  and  we  shall  not  be  ready  to  talk  business 
until  sometime  in  the  coming  year. 

In  regard  to  the  house  lighting  system,  I  am  hav¬ 
ing  a  house  furnished  and  equipped  with  a  complete  demonstrat¬ 
ing  plant,  whioh  I  expect  will  be  ready  in  the  near  future. 

If  you  are  interested  in  this,  I  will  advise  you  later  and 
you  can  come  over  and  see  it.  If  then  you  wish  to  go  into 

the  house  lighting  propositi  on,  we  can  then  talk  about 
territory,  terms,  eto. 

Yours  very  truly, 


Telephone  2787  Poet  Bill 

December  13,  1911. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Slr:- 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of  Dec.  12th  and 
will  await  further  notification  from  you  of  the  equip¬ 
ment  of  your  demonstrating  plant.  I  would  be  pleased 
to  go  to  Orange,  N.  J.,  and  Inspect  same  when  you  advise 
me  that  you  are  ready  for  such  Inspection. 

|?jUZE<4^(v  —*/&£&-  Uajs.  odsK^dt  ifc 

|c^_.5-'u>  uo _ £-• 

uu-cr  v  «5*-*'Lx" 

jcLo-uO  U><-££- 


c£Lj  —  . 

.  ..^.Ivuyv.V*  ■jci-tt-vvA-  kfOrbV 

O^eyvJT  H<*  JLn-v~<p*  G*M« 

L3* . 

I  have  received  a  lettsp  from  Hahne  and 
Company  of  Newark.,  as  follows! 

"As  I  understand  you  are  about  to  give 
a  practical  demonstration  of  the 
different  electrical  appliances 
for  modern  house-keeping,  and  Incidentally 
to  have  a-furnished  home  in  Llewellyn 
Park,  we  would  he  pleased  ,to  co-operate 
with  you  in  furnishing  this  home, i  .or 
,  loaning  you  the  complete  outfitvof 
furniture,  if  agreeable  to-you. 

j  Respectfully,' 

I  Hahne  and  (jo. 

By  Albert  J,  Hahne." 

1  am  writing  Mr.  Hahne  that  I  will  be 
very  glad- indeed  to  talk  the  matter  over  with 
him,  during  the  early  part  of  next  week.  I  am  suggest¬ 
ing  that  he  come  over  himself  to  look  over  the 
house,  and  decide  on  how  it  should  be  decorated. 

I  think  it  will  be  very  much  better  to  have  the  house 
fixed  up  nicely,  than  it  would  to  take  people 
into  an  empty  house.  It  will  be  a  good  add  for  Hahne 

? Doc.  20th,  1911 

Mr.  M.  R.  HutohiBOn; 

The  progress  made  in  the 
wiring  of"Show  House"  since  yesterday  is  as 
follows : 

All  openings  on  top  floor 
are  out  and  ready  to  pull  in  the  wires,  with  £ 
exceptions  of  the  upper  landing  of  stairs  and  the 
newall  post  on  stairs. 

On  the  lower  floor,  the  wires 
are  in  place  for  the  dining  room,  parlor  center  fixtures 
side  brackets  in  the  reception  room,  also  the  switch 
loop  from  cabinet  in  the  Foyer  hall  to  control  parlor 
center  chandelier,  has  been  run. 

Mr.  Clifton  and  wife,  owners 
of  the  house,  were  out  and  I  pointed  to  them  the  several 
repairs  enumerated  in  letter  of  December  1st,  sent  to 
the  real  estate  agent.  They  said  they  had  not  been  ad¬ 
vised  from  that  source,  but  would  take  the  matter  up  at 
once.  A  duplicate  letter  of  that  sent  to  Hamilton  &  Son* 
agents,  was  forwarded  to  Mr.  Clifton  at  #132  Nassau  St., 
on  tonight's  mail. 

Yours  very  truly, 

.'(LtrdreJZ- — 2 

JWo,  t>-VN  j-or  o- 

<|tr/  UaXv-ctcLw<.< 

1  . 




V — .... 

Edison  General  File  Series 

1911.  Battery,  Storage  -  Country  House  Lighting  -  Windmill  (E-11-10) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
technical  and  commercial  development  of  Edison's  alkaline  storage  battery. 
The  material  consists  primarily  of  correspondence  with  windmill  manufacturers 
from  whom  Edison  sought  product  information  in  the  hope  of  using  windmills 
"for  supplying  electric  current  for  farm  houses  and  other  isolated  buildings 
through  the  medium  of  my  improved  Storage  Battery." 

Approximately  30  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
items  not  selected  include  printed  information,  letters  from  manufacturers 
unable  to  satisfy  Edison's  request  for  information,  and  multiple  copies  of  his 
letter  of  inquiry. 

Mo Daniel  &Son, 
Litohfieia,  Ill. 

Dear  Sirs:  '  , 

I  am  working  out  a  method’:  of 
utilizing  the  windmill  for  supplying 
oleotrio  current  for  farm  houses  and  other 
isolated  buildings  through  the  medium  of  my 
improved  Storage  Battery,  and  shall  be  glad 
to  receive  your  catalog.  If  you  oan  also 
conveniently  send  me  blue-paints  of  details, 
they  will  be  of  assistance!  to  me. 

Yours  very  truly, 

geared  ^inill  ne  do  not  believe  t 
t  to^you,.  all  the  mills  vie  are 
.laftkinS'you  for  the  inquiry,  ar 
tindV^i' would  like, to  hear  fron 

»i,Je  'in'jjthe  'territory  we  a) 
•[>%T6ubs^  truly, 

Oct.  13th,  1911 

Messrs.  Fairbanks,  Morse  &  Co., 

401  Wabash  Avo*, 

Chicago,  Ill. 

Dear  Sirs:- 

I  am  working  out  a  method  of  utilizing  the  wind¬ 
mill  for  supplying  electric  current  for  farm  houses  and  other 
isolated  buildings  through  the  medium  of  my  improved  Storage 
Battery,  and  shall  be  glad  to  receive  your  catalog.  If  you 
can  also  conveniently  send  mo  blue-prints  of  details,  they 
will  be  of  assistance  to  me. 

In  studying  the  subject  of  windmills  in  general 
I  have  been  able  to  find  but  little  literature  treating  of  it. 
Perhaps  you  can  refer  me  to  some  books  that  you  consider  worth 
while .  If  so,  and  you  will  kindly  send  me  the  titles  and  names 
of  publishers,  I  shall  bo  obliged. 

Youtb  very  truly. 

Mr.  Thom.  A.  Edison, 

Llewellyn  Park,  H.J., 
Dear  Sir, 

At  the  request  of  Mess.  Phillips  &  Worhtington  of  this  city,  we  have 
'  mailed  you  under  separate  cover  a  copy  of  our  illustrative  catalogue  "Aer- 
motor  Applications  of  Wind  Power".  Pages  41  to  4-5  treat  particularly  on 
power  Aermotors  which  are  used  for  operating  light  machines  of  any  descrip¬ 
tion,  which  do  not  require  more  than  1*  to  t  ll.P. 

*  Regarding  the  driving  of  dynamos  or  other  electrical  ap¬ 

paratus.  would  say  that  some  10  or  12  years  ago  we  shipped  to  the  Island  of 
Barbados ,  British  West  Indies,  a  16  ft.  power  Aermotor  for  the  purpose  of 
generating  current  for  a  storage  battery  system  which  was  supplied  by  the 
Westinghouse  people.  We  understand  that  this  plant  was  used  to  light  a  small 
park  and  band  stand  in  Barbados,  and  the  contractors  agreed  to  give  light  , 
one  day  a  week,  but  they  found  after  the  plant  was  installed  that  they  could 
Just  as  well  as  not  supply  light  seven  nights  a  week,  and  did  so.  The  out¬ 
fit  was  continued  in  operation  about  one  year,  and  then  abandoned  on  account 
of  the  excessive  cost  of  storage  batteries  which  required  replenishing  from 
time  to  time. 

We  have  had  hundreds  of  appliCEitions  from  prospective 
purchasers  who  wanted  to  install  snuOL  lighting  plants,  the  power  of  which 
was  to  be  generated  by  our  Aermotor,  but  have  hesitated  to  submit  definite 
information  on  the  electrica:ii)art  of  the  equipment,  because  up  to  the  pres¬ 
ent  time  we  have  rather  thought  that  not  alone  was  that  part  of  the  outfit 
excessive,  but  that  it  had  not  been  perfected  sufficiently. 

We  make  two  styles  of  Aermotors,  one  known  as  the  pump¬ 
ing  Aermotor,  which  operates  a  pump  pole  having  a  perpendicular  motion,  this 
pump  pole  being  in  turn  attached  to  the  head  of  the  pump;  our  other  style  pf 
mill  as  known  as  the  power  Aermotor,  which  drives  a  3/4- "  or  1"  steel  Shaft, 
which  in  turn  is  connected  to  a  foot  gear  as  shown  on  page  44  of  our  cata¬ 
logue,  and  from  this  foot  gear  we  belt  up  to  the  various  machines  that  are 
to  be  operated. 

These  power  Aermotors  are  very  popular  with  the  farmers 
and  in  the  iBland  of  Curacao,  Dutch  West  Indies,  where  considerable  corn  is 
grown,  almost  all  of  it  is  ground  by  our  power  windmills.  In  the  Turks  Is¬ 
lands,  British  West  Indies,  they  Have  been  grinding  salt  by  Aermotors  for 
the  last  fifteen  years. 

If  we  can  furnish  you  with  any  additional  information 

command  us. 


Yours  very  truly, 

Oct.  16th,  1911 

Messrs.  Wood  ft  Co., 

69  Park  Place, 

How  York  City. 


Your  favor  of  the  14  th  inst.  is  receives  and 
I  beg  to  thank  you  for  your  prompt  attention  to  my  request. 

Ihe  illustrated  catalogue  of  "Aermotor  Appli¬ 
cations  of  Wind  Power"  has  been  -received  and  I  have  found 

It  exceedingly  interesting. 

If  you  will  kindly  favor  me  with  a  list  of  prioee 
I  shall  he  greatly  obliged.  It  will  not  he  necessary  to 
send  me  prices  of  tanks,  as  I  am  only  working  to  apply  the 
windmill  for  generating  and  supplying  electric  cutrent. 

Yours  very  truly. 

thtc  Butler  Comeajsty 

Burrasu,  Ind.,TJ.  S.  A. 


Thomas  A-, Edison, 

Orange,  M.J.  laboratory  Dept. 

Bear  Sir? 

We  have  your  esteemed  inquiry  of  the  12th,  and  take 
pleasure  in  forwarding  under  separate  cover  complete  catalogs, 
showing  our  windmills.'  Our  double  gear  mills  shown  in  #31 
catalog  would  be  especially  adapted  to  use  you  speak  of, 
in  view  of  their  great  endurance,  strength  and  effioienoy, 
ana  ability  to  control  themselves  automatically  in  all  kinds 
of  winds.  They  have  extremely  long  beeringB,  and  large 
shafts,  ana  are  long-lived. 

If  you  desire  one  of  these  mills  with' tower  for 
experimental  purposes,  we  should  be  pleased  to  ship  you  one, 
free  of  charge,  same  to  remain  our  property  until  such  time 
as  we  might  make  some  other  disposition  of  same.  Any  changes 
you  might  want  to  make  in  the  mill  or  tower,  to  attach  your 
devices.,  etc,  which  could  be  used,  you  wouia  have  our  permission 
to  make,  without  any  charge. 

ffe  do  not  know  of  any  device  in  thiB  country  for  gen¬ 
erating  electricity  from  windmills,  except  an  experimental 
affair  used  at  Hoblesville,  Ind.  V/o  understand  several  houseB 
are  wired  and  a  motor  is  run  with  water  pressure,  the  water 


t  5 

Veing  pumped  into  a  storage  tank  with  a  windmill.  T/e  cannot 
say  whether  they  use  storage  batteries,  or  run  the  lights 
direot  from  the  motor.  We  think  further  .information  in 
regard  to  this  plant  couia  he  obtained  from  Mr.  Henry  Miliar, 
Ft.  Wayne,  care  of  Mossman,  Yarnelle  &  CTo. ,  Ft.  Wayne,  J-nd. 

We  thank  yon  for  having  taken  the  matter  up  with  us, 
and  washing  you  success,  we  are, 

yoiirs  truly 



/Mass  allcommunications  to  the  Company. . 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  H.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Your'  valued  favor  at  hand  and  ease  haa  had  our 
beat  consideration. 

We  sent  you  our  catalogue  whioh  will  give  you 
description  of  our  wlmdaill,  including  the  ordinary  pumping 
wlmdmill  for  reoiprooatihg  notion  and  the  power  windmill  whioh 
haa  a  line  shaft  and  ptallsy* 

We,  of  ootarse,  would  be  delighted  to  have  our 
windmills  used  for  the  purpose  about  whioh  you. speak  and 
we  know  that  you  are  asking  great  progress  in  the  art.  but 
from  our  present  knowledge  we  oould  not  recommend  a  windmill 
for  the  purpose  you  euggmt,  and  in  recent  years  the  gasoline 
engine  has  cone  la,  aad  entirely  supplanted  what  we  oall  our 
power  windmill;  It  is  a  wiadhill  with  line  shaft  and  pulley 
to  drive  machines, on  the  farm.  The  motion  is  mot  steady.  If 
there  la  no  wind  you  do  not  get  any  power  and  while  we  have 
the  boat  governor  .made  on  our  windmill',  the  motion  will  vary 
with  the  gusts  of “the  wind  a  good  deal.  One  moment  it  might 
almost  atop  aad  then  it  would  oome  up  until  it; would  govern.' 

So  the  motion  might  vary  from  10  to  400  revolutions  a  minute. 

The  pumping  windmills  are  and  always  will  be  uaed  for 
pumping  water,  although  even  then  the  gataoline  engine  being 
absolutely  poasibla  is  hurting  the  trade. 

We  have  a  very  large  business  founded  on  honor  and 
brain  and. do  not  have  to  misrepresent  our  goods  or  what  they 
will  do  in  order  to  make  sales  and  it  is  the  writer's  strong 
opinion,  after  many  years  of  experience,  that  a  windmill  is 
not  the  proper  thing  to  generate  eleotrioity.  Even  a  pimping 
windmill  whioh  will  develop  a  small  portion  of  il  H.P.  when 
rooiprooatlag  notion  with  a  tower,  oosts  nearly  dotable  ereoted, 
what  a  1  H.P.  Oas  Power  Engine  does,  and. while; it  is  the  obeapest 
power  in  existenoe,  yet  its  uncertainties  and  want  of  dependabili¬ 
ty  to  be  used  Just  when  you  want  it  inefficient  for  the  purpose 
in  whioh- you -are  figuring. 

T?  This  swbjeot  of  making  eledtrloity  with  wind  power,  ,  . 
has  bbea  taken  .tap  many  tines,  and  it  wouild.  be  ideal  if  the  conditions 
were  Just  right.  8hould  you  wish  to  experignat -la  this  direction,  >we 
would  be  glad  to  give  you  every  detail  possible  but  blue  print' would 
do  you  no  good  as  you  oan  simply  imagine'Tin  the  oase  of  a  pumping  ^ 
windmill  a  reoiprooating  motion  of  from  4  to  7*  is,  desired  making  up 
to  45  strokes  a, minute  and  on  the  other  hand  the’ power  windmlllf  ie  . 

■  '  .  ^ 


T.A.R.  #3. 

geared  and  drives  a  line  shaft  at  a  maximum  speed  of  400  revolutias 
with  pulleys  on  it  same  as  any  line  shaft. 

We  would,  of  course,  he  proud  to  have  you  huy  one 
of  our  windmills  of  either  kind  to  put  up  and  experiment  with 
and  under  such  oiroum stances  would  he  glad  to  make  you  a  very 
low  prioe,  while  giving-you  frank  advice  in  the  matter. 

Your a  very  truly* 




SALT  LAKE  CITY,  air  comp 
DETROIT.  INDIANAPOLIS.  .  s,^7ae»m" 





'•  LONDON. 

ooo  smrrii 


CHICAGO.  IM..  Oct’,  16th,  1911, 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  New  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir:- 

In  response  to  your  personal  letter  of  the  13th,  we  certainly 
wish  you  everysuccess  in  your  experiments  for  the  utilization  of  wind 
power  for  supplying  electric  current  through  the  medium  of  your  improved 
Storage  Eattery,  and  shall  he  more  than  pleased  to  render  you  every  as¬ 
sistance  in  our  power. 

Unfortunately  our  tade  catalog  #65  F  is  out  of  print  and  the 
new  catalog  will  not  he  ready  until  the  first  of  the  coming  year.  How¬ 
ever,  the  writer  has  secured  a  copy  of  catalog  #65  F  from  our  files  and 
we  are  sending  it  to  you  under  separate  cover.  Vlhile  #65  F  is  a  trade 
catalog  it  contains  perhaps  a  larger  portion  of  technical  matter  with 
reference  to  the  construction  of  windmillB  than  the  ordinary  trade 
catalog,  hut  perhaps  it  may  not  he  of  much  service  to  you  on  account 
of  its  referring  almost  exclusively  to  pumping  windmills. 

The  power  windmill  i.e.  the  windmill  designed  to  deliver  . 
power  in  a  rotary  form  has  almost  disappeared  from  the  American  market 
asit  is  being  commercially  replaced  hy  the  small  1  and  2  H.P.  gaso¬ 
line  engines.  We  took  the  last  of  our  power  windmills  off  the  market 
three  years  ago  and  are  not  now  building  them. 



We  are  mailing  you  under  separate  cover  several  copies  of 
our  old  circular  on  the  14*  Eclipse  geared  windmill,  also  of  the  large 
Eclipse  windmills  irangiflg.;  from  16'  to  25'  in  diameter.  We  still 
have  the  patterns  of  these  machines  hut  have  not  made  any  of  them  for 
three  or  four  years  * 

The  20'  Eclipse  power  windmill  may  he  of  interest  to  you, 
as  it  was  the  size  and  Btyle  of  windmill  used  hy  Mr.  Mctyuesten  in 
1892,  in  constructing  a  windmill  driven  electric  light  plant  at  Marble¬ 
head  Neck,  Mass. 

We  are  inclined  to  believe  that  you  might  be  able  to  secure 
some  information  in  regard  to  the  plant  i^rom  Messrs  Chas.  J.  Jaeger  & 
CO.,  Boston,  Mass.,  who  were  our  Boston  representatives  at  the  time. 
Our  information  in  regard  to  the  outfit  is  meager  hut  we  understand 

that  the  mill  stood  on  a  75'  wooden  tower 


Ur.  Thomas  a.  Edison, 


Chgo . ,  Oot.  16th,  11. 

The  dynamo  was  a  3  Kw.  Lewis  machine.  It  charged  a  battery  consisting 
of  46  Bradbury-Stone  storage  oellB  of  200  ampere-hour  capacity. 

We  are  attaching  hereto  a  type-written  description  of  this 
plan.t  copied  from  an  old  oatalog  of  ours  issued  in  1895,  We  are  also 
attaching  a  list  of  hook  and  magazine  articles  on  the  subject  of  wind¬ 
mills  which  may  be  of  some  service' to  you.  We  specially  recommend  tne 
article  in  the  Railroad  Gazette  of  May  5th,  1899,  on  the  subject  of 
electric  power  from  windmills. 

We  would  also  suggest  that  you  get  the  circulars  issued  by 
J.  G,  Child 8  &  Co.  Ltd.,  London,  England.  They  seem  to  have  done  some 
practical  work  along  this  line. 

The  writer  regrets  that  he  is  unable  to  give  you  any  techni¬ 
cal  knowledge  in  regard  to  windmills,  as  all  of  his  knowledge  was  se¬ 
cured  in  the  school  of  "Hard  Knocks",  We  trust  however  that  we  may  have 
given  you  some  leads  which  may  be  profitibly  followed  up. 

Trusting  that  we  may  be  of  further  service  to  you,  we  are 
a  Very  truly  yours, 

JActZ'rW\  In  ,  t  Fairbanks,  Morse  &  Co., 

Cl/'  jf—  Supply  Department. 



"Experiments  with  Windmills"  by  Thomas  0.  Perry,  Water-Supply 
and  Irrigation  Papers  No.  20  of  the  U.S.  Geological 
Survey  .  Govermont  Printing  Bfrioe,  Washington,  1899. 

"Experiments  in  grinding  with  small  steelfeed  mills" 
Bulletin  No.  82  Agricultural  Experiment  Station, 
University  of  Wisconsin,  Madison  Wisconsin  1900. 


"The  Windmill;  Its  effioienoy  and  economic  use"-  Two  vole,  )  ,  '/j 

Water  Supply  and  Irrigation  Papers  nos.  41  and  42  \  j  t,  ~ 

of  the  U.  S.  Geol.ogicai  Survey.  Government  Printing  ffT 
Office,  Washington,  D.C.  1901.  0  v 

"The  Trials  of  Wind  Pumping  Engines  at  Park  Royal,  1903" 

■fly  the  Royal  Agricultural  Society  of  England,  Londbn. 

"Windmills  in  Foreign  Contries".  Special  Consular  Reports 

Sol.  XXXI.  Government  Printing  Offioe,  Washington.  1904. 

"Powerful  German  Windmills"  by  Charles  B.  Hayward  in  the 
Scientific  American,  March  25th,  1905, 

"Electricity  from  Wind  Power"  By  Alfred  Gradenwitz, 
in  the  Technical  World  Magazine,  April  1905. 

"Wind  Power  Electric  Light  Plant"  Power,  Deoember  1905. 

"Wind  Made  Electricity"  Page  98  of  the  Technical  World 
Magazine,  Haroh  1906. 

"Electric  Power  from  Windmills",  Railroad  Gazette,  May  5,  1899, 

"A  Country  House  Wind-Turbine  Eleotrio  Plant" 

Electrical  Review.  November ,26th,  1909. 



The  combination  of  a  windmill  and  dynamo  for  generating  eleotrioity  has 
been  a  subjeot  of  intense  interest  and  veyy  oIobb  study  for  years  past,  and 
it  is  only  recently  that  eleotrio  appliances  have  been  perfected  so  that  they 
could  be  used  to  good  advantage  in  connection  with  a  windmill.  The  varying 
speeds  or  a  windmill  a're  provided  for  by  special  dynamo  construction  and  the 
perfection  to  which  the  eleotrio  storage  battery  has  been  brought  makes  it 
a  simple  matter  to  store  the  energy  of  the  plant  until  it  is  wanted.  In  the 
development  of  this  combination  of  the  windmill, dynamo,  and  storage  battery 
to  its  present  suooessful  status,  it  was  found  that  only  the  very  best  con¬ 
struction  in  the  details  of  the  windmill  itself  oould  'be  UBed,  owing  to  „ the 
exacting  requirements  of  eleotrinal  work,  and  we  have  made  the  Eolipse  as 
thoroughly  complete  for  its. duty  as  possible. 

There  being  no  public  system  of  lighting  at  Marblehead  Neck,  (a  summer 
resort), private  plants  had  to  be  resorted  to.  In  the  spring  of  1892  Mr. 
Uoftuesten  put  in  a  small  eleotrio  light  plant,  consisting  of  a  boiler,  2  H.B. 
engine,  3  Kw.  dynamo  and  a  set  of  46  cells  of  storage  battery,  having  140  arnp.- 
hour  capacity.  This  plant  was  put  in  the  stable  and  boBt  oomolete  #1,000,  sup¬ 
plying  lights  to  .  the  house  and  stable.  The  batteries  were  charged  once  a  week 
either  by  the  proprietor  or  the  gardener  after  he  had  been  taught  to  run  the 
plant.  The  necessity  of  economizing  on  the  use  of  light  was  felt, however,  and 
so,  except  on  special  occasions,  not  more  than  about  100  amp, -hours  a  week 
was  used  in  the  summer  time.  .  Later  in  the  fall  the  batteries,  had  to  be  charged 
twioe  a  week.  This  plant  was. run  winter  and  summer;  in  the  winter  the  lights 
were  used  by  the’  caretaker,  but  it  was  found  to  be  a  matter  of  some  .inconven¬ 
ience  to  take  the  gardener's  time  for  oharging  the  batterieB  in  the  summer 
season  when  his  other  duties  were  of  equal  importance,  and  to  meet  this  dif¬ 
ficulty  and  to  save  the  cost  of  operating  the  steam  plant,  Hr.  MoQuesten  put 
in  a  windmill  outfit,  equipped  with  automatic  regulators  and  self-tending  de¬ 
vices,  arranged,  to  run  and  charge  the  batteries  without  special  attention 
from  anyone,  This'Was  completed  on  May  1st  and  has  worked  well  ever  since, 
the  outfit  is  illustrated  oh  page  29  and  oonBisteB  of  a  20  foot  Eolipse  wind 
Mill,  mounted  on  a  tower  75  feet  high  to  oentetf  of  wheel  from  ground.  Power 
is  transmitted  through  bevel  hears  and  1-5/B  inch  Bhafting  to  the  house  built 
at  the  base  of  the  tower,  whioh  ia  18  feet  6  inches  Bquare  at  that  point.  At 
the  same  time  a  larger  set  of  batteries  were  installed  so  that  another  house 
could  be  supplied  with  light,  the  old  set  being  in  good  condition  but  not  of 
sufficient  oapacity,'  The  dynamo  is  a  3-Kw,  Lewis  machine,  but  ought  to  be 
4  or  5  Kw.  as  the  windmill  devolops  more  power  than  was  anticipated.  This 
charges  the  battery,  consisting  of  46  Bradbury-Stone  storage  cells  of  200 
ampere-hour  oapacity.  Ninety  volt  lamps  are  used,  and  an  automatic  switon 
closes  the  circuit  between  the  dynamo  and  storage  batteries  when  the  potenial 
of  the  dynamo  rises  to  the  required  voltage  and  breaks  the  circuit  when  the 
current  stops  flowing  into  the.  batterieB. 

This  plant  furnishee^rdr  two  dwelling  houses,  a  stable,  work  shop  and 
the  windmill  tower,  in  all  137  lamps.  During  the  shortest  evenings  40  lamp 
hours  per  evening  are  used.  The  amount  .increases  gradually  until  on  Nov,  1st 
90  lamp  hours,  per  evening  are  required.  At  times  when  there  is  plenty  of 
wind,  the  shop  whioh  adjoins  the  windmill  tower,  at  first  nun  by  an  electric 
motor  from  the  batteries,  and  later  the  motor  has  been  used  altogether  when 
the  shop  haB  been  .run. 


The  dynamo  is  provided  witha  aeries  coil  on  the  field,  wpund  differently 
to  the  shunt,  so  the  machine  delivers  current  a  conetqpt  potential  at  various 
speeds.  Mr.  MoQuesten  tried  the  experiment'  of  cutting  out  the  differential 
winding  and  running  the  dynamo  as  a  simple  shunt  wound  machine.  It  worked 
beautifully  in  light  winds,  for  as  the  wind  increased  the  tendency  of  the 
wheel  to  revolve  too  fast  was  cheeked  by  the  increasing  load  on  the  dynamo, 
thus  maintaining  a  practioally  constant  speed  and  thegreatest  possible  effi¬ 

This  was  very  satisfactory  until. the  force  of  the  wind  increased,  so 
that  the  wind  mill  delivered  to  the  dynamo  more  power  than  it  could  safely 
take  care  of ,  and  so  wouldhave  been  injured  it  left  running,  olearlyjemon- 
strating  the  advantage  of  differential  windings,  which  al 

stratlng  the*  ad  vantage  of  differential  windings,  ^ichaliowsthedynamo  to 
run  at  high  speed  without  danger  of  overloading.  This  experiment  with  a 
windmill  hap  proved  entirely  satisfactory. 


Flint  &  Walling  Mfg.Co. 



Towehs, Tanks, 
Pipe,  Fittings 

FXst  Mail 

Gasoline  Engines 


’•  NEW  York 


Laboratory,  of  Thomas  f 

Orange ,  N .  J . 


The  Pierce  well  Engineering  &  Supply  Co.  v/ere  kind  enough 
to  forward  your  communication  of  the  18th  respecting  windmills  to 
us,  since  they  are  not  manufacturers  in  this  line. 

It  is  with  great  pleasure  that  v/e  hand  you  under :  separate  • 
cover  a  copy  of  our  general  catalogue  illustrating  and  describing 
our  line  of  windmills,  and  it  is  oortainly  very  interesting  for  us 
to  know  that  you  are  developing  n  suitable  battery  for.  the  storage 
of  power  as  developed  by  windmills.  We  would,  therefore,  be  grad 
to  provide  you  with  any  and  all  data  we  have  in  reference  to  this 
style  of  motive  power,  and  trust  that  you  will  feel  'at=  AUiberty  .'to 
call:  . upon  us  at  any  time. 


KlCXUALI.VILI.lJ,  IXIJ.  10-16-11 

Shomas  Addison, 

Orange, II.  J., 

Doar  sir— 

Responding  to  your  kind  inquiry  of  the  12th,  concerning 
catalogue  of  the  Star  Powor  wind  mills,  to  ho  uaed  in  supplying 
power  for  electric  current  to  he  stored  in  your  improved  storage 
battory,will  say,  it  io  our  pleasure  to  moil  you  under  separate  cover 
oopy  of  our  #54  trado  catalogue.  Kindly  refer  to  page  30  illustrating 
the  engine  parts, also  the  different  sices  of  power  mills  wo  huild, 
together  with  the  rated  horse  power, and  other  data  relative  to  the  speed 
hasod  on  a  15  mile  wind. 

Our  Gompany  would  ho  willing  to  loan  you  any  size  power  mill 
with  a  stub':.  tower  that  you  might  think  best  for  enporimontal  ■ 
purposes.  She  haso  plate  of  the  stub  tower  will  be  arranged  for  bolting 
to  timbers  on  top  of  a  building  if  so  desired. 

Shanking  you  very  kindly  for  the  communication,  and  awaiting 
with  interost  your  further  pleasures,  we  are, 

Your  very  truly, 








NO.  624751  0CT.I7.I898 
NO.  627.732  JUNE  27.1899 

or  Steel 

&  Tanks. 


Oot.  16  th,  1911.' , 

Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison, 

Orange.  H.  J. , 

Dear  Sir: 

Your  letter  of  Oot.  12th,  relative  to  the  utilization  of 
the  wind  as  a  power  for  generating  eleotrioity  and  using  it  through 
storage  batteries,  is  of  interest  to  us.  We  have  been  watching 
this  matter  very  olosely,  although  at  the  present  writing  we  are  not 
in  position  to  give  you  any  prints  or  illustrations  of  our  details 
outside  of  pumping  wind  mills.  We  have  seen  from  time  to  time 
articles  whioh  stated  that  a  storage  battery  that  was  comparatively 
low  in  price;  one  that  oould  be  utilized  on  farms,  had  been  devised, 
and  as  we  Bay  above,  have  been  watching  this  thing  with  a  great  deal 
of  interest. 

Several  years  ago  we  spent  quite  a  little  money  in  ex¬ 
perimenting  in  a  large  wind  mill,  20  feet  in  diameter,  but  the  Writer 
had  to  push  it  along  against  the  judgment  and  wiBhes  of  parties 
interested  with  him,  and  after  spending  quite  a  bit  of  money  we  laid 
it  one  side,  but  are  in  position  now  where  we  hope  to  be  able  to 
take  it  up  in  the  near  future,  but  if  you  have  got  any  data  that 
would  show  the  cost  of  a  storage  battery  that  would  hold  enough 
eleotrioity  to  pump  say  3,000  gal.  of  water  a  day,  and  light  and 
heat  and  do  the  oooking  in  a  ten  room  house,  we  wish  you  would 
kindly  send  us  any  information  you  may  have  in  tegard  to  this  matter. 

Yours  very  truly. 


Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Gentlemen : 

We  have  yours  of  the  12th  addressed  to  The  Wolcott  Wind¬ 
mill  Co.  and  to  the  National  Engineering  Ob.  relative  to  Windmill 
catalogues,  hut  regret  to.  advise  that  we  discontinued  manufacture 
of  Windmills  some  four  years  ago  limiting  our  out-put  entirely  to 

gasoline  engines. 

Yours  truly , 



oot.  16th,  1911 

Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Answering  youro  of  Oot.  12th  to  ours elves  ana 
to' Bennett  Bros,,  Lowell,  Maos.,  who  handle  our  products 
in  the  Hew  England  States,  we  are  sending  our  last  Power 
Wind  Mill  Catalog  to  you  under  separate  oover. 

During  the  last  ten  years  the  sale  of  power 
wind  mills  has  been  continually  decreasing  owing  to  the 
increased  sales  of  small  (Jasollne  Engines  for  power  purposes. 
There  is,  without  question,  a  very  large  field  for  wind 
engineering  in  eleotrio&l  lines  but  no  one' has  developed  this 
industry  to  any  marked  degree.  We  have  in  the  past  furnished 
Power  Wind  Mills  to  the  Wind  Power  Electric  Oo.  of  Madison, 
Wia.  but  we  do  not  know  ifith  what  suocess  they  have  met. 

If  there  is  more  information  regarding  our  Wind 
Mills  that  you  desire  and  oannot  find  it  in  our  catalog,  we 
will  be  glad  to  oommunioate  further  with  you.  We  manufacture 
a  line  of  Pumping  Wind  Mills,  the  sale  of  whioh  comprises  the 
greater  portion  of  our  business.  This  mill  you  will  find 
illustrated  on  page  46  of  oatalog.  If  such  a  wind  mill  will , 
interest  you  we  will  be  glad  to  Bend  oomplete  oatalog  on  it.  ' 

Freeport,  III.  u.s.a.  Oot.-16i 

191- 1 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sirs- 

We  are  very  much  pleased,  to  mail  yon  a  catalog, 
on  page  28  and  29  you  will  find  outs  of .the  windmill  towerB, 
and  on  pages  32  and  37  you  will  find  no  doubt,  what  you  are 
asking  for. 

/  Mr.  H.  Barbour,  who  lives  near  you,  has  some  of  these 

windmills  in  dperation  with  one  of  your  batteries.  He  is 
talking  about  wanting  you  to  attach  one  of  our  windmills  to 
a  battery  here  at  home  where  we  can  watch  its  operation* 

When  you  get  the  details  worked  out  we  will  take  great  plea¬ 
sure  in  doing  all  we  can  to  help  you  along.  We  would  like  to 
know  the  cost  of  a  battery  as  used  by  Mr.  Barbour. 

You  will  notice,  that  this  windmill,  like  all  ourpower 
windmills,  has  a  swive.l  in  the  gearing,  so  there  is  no  draft 
on  the  gear,  or  what  is  name  by  windmill  manufacturers ,  walk¬ 
ing  around  the  gear,  and  as  a  result  our  windmill  faces  the 
wind  and  governs  properly,  while  in  other  millB  when  the  power 
required  to  drive  the  machine  is  more  than  the  force  of  wind 
the  wheel  walks  around  the  gear  instead  of  moving  it. 

Yours  truly, 



JL ^  :  V _ 

fvi  c^m^A.g-t  irfut-.  -  JL</:VUa^*0.— iLn^^ - - - 

,'CTfc  rfr-J 

_ : 

iu  j 

Oot.  17th, 


Flint  &  Walling  Mfg.  Co., 

96  Wall  St., 

Hew  York  City, 

H.  Y. 

Gentlemen: - 

You  favor  of  the  16th  inst.  ana  catalogue  have 
been  received,  and  I  thank  you  for  same. 

I  would  like  to  have  information  on  the  following 


1.  Can  you  substitute  roller  hearings  for  babbitted 
bearings,  so  as  to  get  maximum  power  at  low  windB? 

2.  Would  it  practicable  .to  oonneot  the  dynamo  through 

gearing  direct  with  the  wheel  shaft,  and  let  it  swing  with  it, 
if  proper  roller  bearings  were  used,  thus  dispensing  with  the 
vertical  rod  and  bevel  gear?  The  aynamp  would  weight  about 
100  pounds,  ana  offers  about  half  a  foot  of  surface  to  the  wind. 
'  Yours  very  truly. 




.<35U*w  cf/;<,,M 

'/  u/  <  f  ’  r  '  r  'z  , 

'7?y  October  17,1911. 

_ /. 

Ur. Thomas  A. Edison, 
Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sirj- 

Your  letter  of  the  12th  brings  baok  memories 
of  a  long  struggle  with  windmills  and  Storage  Batteries 
for  eleotrio  plants  which  we  have  handled  in  the  past. 

We  have  nothing  in  the  way  of  illustrations  of  special 
apparatus  oovering  this  line  of  work.  The  writer  haB  in 
his  desk  only  one  copy  of  an  old  catalogue  which  he  can¬ 
not  very  well  spare,  showing  the  most  successful  instal¬ 
lation  along  this  line  which  we  have  made.  This  is  a  20' 
diameter  wooden  windmill,  mounted  on  an  80'  hard  pine 
tower  driving  a  generator  especially  compounded  for  Stor¬ 
age  Battery  work.  The  average  output  during  the  summer 
season  at  Marblehead,  Mass.,  was  sufficient  to  provide 
for  continuous  service  to  three  houses  using  an  average 
of  45  lamp  hours  daily  throughout  the  summer  months,  and 
we  sure  giving  you  a  reoord  of  the  summer  service,  because 
this  is  the  minimum  output  from  such  a  plant.  It  would 
be  safe  to  figure  on  at  least  double  this  output  during 
the  winter  season.  While  the  plant  wae  successful  from 
an  experimental  basis  we  have  never  felt  warranted  in 
making  any  commercial  exploitation  of  same. 

We  shall  be  glad  to  give  you  any  information 
at  our  oommand,  and  remain, 

Diot.  by 

Yours  very  truly, 


Oot.  3.8th,  1911 

The  Butler  Company, 

Butler,  Indiana. 


Your  favor  of  the  16th  inst.,  and  also  your 
oatnlogue,  have  been  received,  and  I  beg  to  thank  you  for 
your  prompt  attention,  as  well  as  for  your  kind  offer  to 
lend  me  one  of  your  windmills  for  experimental  purposes. 

in  all  probability  I  shall  avail  myself  of  your 
offer  later  on,  but  at  the  present  moment  I  am  not  quite 
ready  to  make  tests  with  a  windmill,  as  I  have  only  just  com¬ 
menced  to  study  the  subject  and  there  is  much  preliminary  work 
to  be  done  in  preparation  for  the  final  attainment  of  my  purpose. 

In. the  meantime  I  would  like  to  have  information 
on  the  following  pointB: 

1.  Can  you  substitute  roller  bearings  for  babbitted 
bearings,  so  as  to  get  maximum  power  at  low  winds? 

2.  Would  it  be  practicable  to  connect  the  dynamo 
through  gearing  direct  with  the  wheel  shaft,  and  let  it  swing 
with  it,  if  proper  roller  bearings  were  used,  thus  dispensing 
with  the  vertical  rod  and  bevel  gear?  The  dynamo  would  weigh 
about  100  pounds,  and  offers  about  half  a  foot  of  surface  to 
the  wind. 

b.  ao, 


Oot.  18/11 

I  shall  also  take  advantage  of  your  reference 
to  the  experimental  plant  at  lloblesville,  Ina,  hy  writing 
to  Mr.  Miller,  as  suggested. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Oct.  18th,  1911 

Mr.  Henry,  Miller, 

o/o  Mo s sman,  Yamell  &  Co., 

Port  Wayne,  Ina.  ■ 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  am  working  out  plans  for  supplying  electric 
ourrent  to  isolated  houses  hy  meanB  of  windmills  ana  my  new 
Storage  Battery.  In  a  letter  from  the  Butler  Co.  of  Butler, 
Ind.  they  refer  to  an  experimental  plant  at  Hoblesville,  Ina. 
and  state  that  you  can  probably  give  me  some  information  in 
regard  thereto;  As  I  understand  It  sane  electric  lights  are 
operated  from  this  plant,  and  I  am  desirous  of  ascertaining 
whether  dynamo  and  storage  batteries  are  employed,  and,  if 
so,  to  what  extent  and  with  what  suooess. 

Any  information  you  can  give  mo  in  regard  to 
this  plant  win  bo  much  appreciated. 

Yours  very,  truly. 


Oot.  18th,  1911 

Messrs.  Fairbanks,  Morse  &  Co., 

900  South  Wabash  Avenue, 

Chicago,  Ill. 


I  aa  in  receipt-  of  the  favor  of  your  Mr.  Benedict 
under  date  of  the  16th  instant,  and  thank  you  for  the  catalogue 
and  for  your  prompt  attention;  as  well  as  for  the  full  informa¬ 
tion  you  have  given  me.  It  will  be  of  muoh  assistance. 

I  believe  that  with  the  use  of  the  3/4  Watt 
Tungsten  lamp  and  my  new  Alkaline  Storage  3attery,  which  will 
stand  any  amount  of  neglect,  the  windmill  cen  be  made  a  success 
as  a  souroe  of  power,  especially  if  roller  bearings  etc.  are 
used,  and  I  am  going  to  work  oniit.  If  I  succeed,  I  hope  your 
Company  will  take  up  the  power  windmill  again. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Dear  Sir:- 

- .  - «-•> - LPtCZ  woodmans  a  Windi 

jf-  Ch'O-'V 

Under  this  cover  please  find  copy 

Catalogue  together  with  'a  separate  shoot  showing  the  details  of  the  Power  Mill. 
This  is  the  style  of  mill  I  am  using  here  and  from  which  I  am  able  to  get 
efective  effort  as  shown  by  the  ammeter  and  voltmeter  readings  of  something  over 
'a  kilowatt  for  short'  periods  of  tine. 

On  page  6  06  the  catalogue  the  ring  oilers  used  at  present  are 
shown  and  on  page  34  is  shown  the  balanced  gear  and  the  main  frame  for  the  hous¬ 
ing  of  the  same.  On  page  35  the  bed  pl'ate  and  post  and  the  foot  gear  are  Bhown 
and  on  page  36  the  pull  out  rigging  is  shown.  On  page  38  the  power  drive  as 
•applied  in  a  great  many  cases  is  shown  and  it  will  be  possible  to  install  a 
device  similar  to  the  one  I  have  installed  here  as  soon  can  be  proved 

that  it  is  continuous  in  its  operation  under  all  conditions. 

For.  the  placing  of  the  generator  at  the  top  of  the  mail  in  order 
to  eliminate  the  friction 'as  much  as  possible  it. is  the. problem  of  the  proper 
mounting  of  the  ihaft  32B  in  the  main  frame. IB. in  connection  with  the  mdih 
wheel  spider  5B  ^nd  the  direct  drive  of  the  machine'  without  the  gearing  shown. 

Am  'arranging  for  a  low  voltage  machine  of  the  kind  mentioned  to 
you  and  hope  in  a  short  time  to  have  it  in  hand  so  that,  it  can'  bo  mounted  in 
in  this  way  at  the  top  of  the  mill  and  the  amount  of  energy  that  can  be  stored 
ih  that  way  can  be  determined. 

Shall  be  pleased  to  receive  any  suggestions  you  may  wish  to  make 
in  connection  with,  this  test'  and  remain. 



The  Red  King  Company 

Wtxi»iii-.t,b,  Towers,  Pumps,  Taxks.Etc. 
Waitse  os,  Ohio.U.S.A. 

Oct.  18th,  1911. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir: 

your  valued  favor  of  the  12  inst.,  receivod  in  regard  to 
catalogue  ect. 

He  are  enclosing  a  copy  of  our  booklet  describing  our 
"CAM  LIFT"  Windmill  which  we  are  having  great  success  with,  ab  to 
the  construction  and  workmanship  of  our  output.  We  openly  defy 
any  and  all  dealers  or  manufacturers  to  produce  a  Mill  its  equal. 

We  are  very  anxious  to  see  the  Storage  Battery  successfully 
used  in  connection  with  the  Windmill,  and  believe  our  "0AM  LIFT* 

Mill  will  do  the  work  perfectly. 

Should  you  be  further  interested  in  our  Mill,  We  would 
be  very  glad  to  send  you  complete  Blue  Prints,  or  better  still 
We  would  be  willing  to  ship  you  a  sample  mill,  and  should  you  find 
our  "CAM  LIFT"  Mill  the  best,  then  all  We  would  aBk  of  you  in 
return  would  be  a  recommendation,  for  public  use. 

Awaiting  your  further  commands  I  beg  to  remain 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  ll.  J. 


Dear  sir:-  ~  ' 

Answering  your  esteemed  favor  of  the  17th,  would  say 
that  while  the  turn-table  hearing  on  which  the  mill  revolves,  and 
aloo  the  thrust  hearing  which  counteracts  the  wind  pressure  against 
the  face  of  the  wheel  when  in  motion,  are  provided  with  ball-bearings, 
wo  are  not  manufacturing  a  windmill  fitted  with  roller  bearings. 

Windmills  for  ordinary  farm  use  must  be  made  good  but 
cheap,  consequently  it  had  not  been  the  practice  of  windmill  man¬ 
ufacturers  to  make  the  highest  class  machinery  in  this  line,  however, 
we  appreciate  the  faot  that  for  the  purpose  of  generating  power 
through  an  electric  devioe,  the  wind  engine  should  be  made  up  in  a 
very  substantial  and  perfect  manner,  and  we  feel  certain  that  other 
companies  as  well  as  the  one  we  represent,  would  find  it  to  their 
advantage  to  manufacture  a  suitable  mill,  providing  it  was  shown 
that  it  would  he  feasible  to  operate  same  in  connection  with  the 

electric  generator  and  storage  battery. 

Undoubtedly  the  mill  could  be  eonstructued  to  support 
the  generator  above  the  engine  or  mechanism,  allowing  same  to  swing 


The  Leach  Wind  Mill  &  Tank  Co. 


_ _  ,  October  21  st  JMia . 

Mr  Thomas  A. 'Edison. 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir.  Kep^ying  to  your  inquiry  of  Oct  I 2th  regarding  wind  Mills 
+  «  ■Furnish  Dower  for  Storage  Battery  purpos. 

w^ll  say  in  reply,  we  are  manufacturers  of  wind  M  ills  to  meet  any 
requirements^which  our  Customers  want.,  if  such  Wlrmenta  can  be 
met  by  wind  power. 

Twomofethesf Mill^twhiohearf  gewrtned^ith  a  flexable  Vane  are  exeient 

ired?  YK 

wrL^^^^stftiils  whioh^are  Mth  Centrifugal^verening  Mills. 
SS  S  rMi^isIhfone^Se^de  Ty-rs  an^n  early  days  was 

Nr:  ir^az,  s?—  ss  jltss*  a  vane , 

re  sheets  as  gove.rening  Mills  is  the  sane.  But  as  a  power  Mill  is  much 

T he^N  o 1 4/t Style  o 1  Mills  is  the  only  size  we  now  make  larger  than  12 
loot  wheels,  and  is  the  only  style  we  now  make  as  a  power Mill  to 
drive  rotary  mchinery  with,  ft  have  made  no  Other  style  the  la 
18  years  as  power  Mills,  in  fact  we  havejiad  no 

this  mill  got  into  the  field.  M  A 

Style  since  this  mill  got  into  the  field.  */»  & 

-now  make  this  No  4  1/3  Mill  12  lo  IB  foo 

|  .arsis  ss  i*. 

There  is  a  good  number  of  the  No  5  mills  now  in  operation  which  have 
.WAT*  «  ars  in  the  western  country s«  Many  of  than  2a  foot 

more  of  t».  ». g ./»**£  ™  ’ ‘SS-S*. 

whlcb'hpv^pr.van  •ot”r*  *“  *  1,111  l"  r*t”y  “tl* 

not  put  UP  any  MJUt.  “  5Jt’*U 

The  Leach  Wind  Mill  &  Tank  Co. 


fo/c-'t,  _ _ 'SO . 

No  2  A  Succesful  power  Wind  Mill  to  operate  Hotary  ma chinery  with, 
in  order  to  be  a  success,  Must  be  so  constructed  that  it  will  not 
throw  itself  out  of  ge  ar  and  stop  when  the  winds  happen  to  be  bo  *r 
7b  or  more  miles  pr  howsr,  But  keep  right  on  at  work  fust  the  same  aw 
though  the  winds  was  only  2o  or  3o  Milles,  and  only  seas  its  motion 
when  the  winds  drop  down  below  that  point  which  keeps  the  Mill  at  he 
Speed  which  the  governing  weight  is  set  for  as  a  regular  speed. 

Another  still  more  important  Matter,  is  that  the  Mill  must  be  so  wad 
as  to  prevent  its  revolving  aruung  t.hevs  rtccal  shaft  when  a-ioied  +•«  t.s 
work.  ,  , 

This  difficulty  cannot  be  over  Come  in  any  of  the  tlexable  vane  11  s. 
The  sectional  Wheel  which  breaks  up  in  sections  is  the  only  Style  whic  made  to  overcome  this  great  difficulty  in  Power  Mills  w'  ic  ■  -re 
to  furnish  rotary  motion.  ^ 

Tn  the  Booklet  whicn  T  am  sending  you,  Vou  will  find  conciderable  print 
ed  ma+ter  on  the  matter  of  power  Mills. 

From'  what  information  you  will  obtain  here,  I  think  that  you  will  be 
able  to  make  some  la.luble  conclusions  regarding  the  ta  tter  of  Power  by 
wind  for  Storage  ffe  t+.erys 

T  do  not  at  this  time  la  ve  any  Blue  Prints  of  anything  which  would  give 
you  additional  light  on  what  you  are  looking  for.  '  .  __ 

But  should  you  desire  further  inform  at  ion  on  any  thing  partaimng  /l« 
tha  matter.  T  think  ta  t  we  could  give  it  if  it  belongs  to  wind  power 
nnd  its  apiiancss.  *■  wixi  be  glad  to  give  you  any  information  along  thi 



Windmills,  Pumps,  Tanks  and  Towers 

Office:  11  John  Street  -  Telephone,  3947  Cortlandt 

October  25th  1911 

Thomas  A  Edison  Incorporated 
Orange  1IJ 
Bear  Sir's 

Your  esteemed  favor  dated 
12th  inst  in  the  matter  of  windmills  for 
use  with  your  storage  batteries  was  duly 
received  and  would  have  had  attention  in 
due  course  hut  the  writer  has  been  con¬ 
fined  to  his  home  by  illnesB 

There  has  been  more  delu¬ 
sion  and  misrepresentation  published  by 
the  daily  papers  concerning  electricity 
generated  by  windmill  power  than  about 
any  other  one  thing  I  know 

I  personally  went  into  the 
matter  very  thoroughly  some  twenty  years 
ago  -  with  a  Major  Lewis  USA  -  who  claimed 
to  have  invented  and  patented  a  ” cut  off” 
and  my  experiments  resulted  in  lighting  my 
factory  for  a  dinner  given  to  those  inter¬ 
ested  and  prospective  customers  by  electri¬ 
city  produced  by  wind  power  -  as  well  as 
doing  other  nice  things  -  at  considerable 
expense  -  but  -  all  we  did  -  demonstrated 
"beyond  question  •  that  general  conditions 
would  prevent  an  outfit  of  the  kind  proving 
a  commercial  success 

There  are  -  in  fact  -  two 
items  -  which  hitherto  -  have  been  prohibitive 

October  25th  1911 

A  £  Inc 


One  is  an  automatic  "cut  off" 
and  the  other-  -  and  more  important  -  is  an 
ample  storage  battery  -  which  -  in  connection 
with  windmills  as  motors  -  iB  necessary  to 
proTide  for  occasional  calms  -  and  is  the  rock 
which  has  proved  disastrous 

We  have  the  most  perfectly  gov¬ 
erned  windmill  ever  made  and  it  haB  produced  a 
perfect  light  from  the  dynamo  directly  -  that  is 
when  we  had  the  wind  : 

We  enclose  engravings  for  your 
consideration  -  Pig  263  illustrating  transmission 
of  power  from  windmill  to  dynamo  -  Fig  115  from 
windmill  to  farm  machinery  -  blue  print  #636 
showing  an  elevation  of  a  windmill  frame  work  and 
3izes  of  timbers  for  sustaining  one  of  our  #8 
mills  having  a  wheel  22'6"  diameter  -  upright 
and  line  shafting  -  couplings  -  bearings  etc 

If  there  is  any  especial  informa¬ 
tion  in  this  connection  desired  I  shall  be  most 
happy  to  answer  any  questions  you  care  to  aBk  - 
or  -  if  you  could  call  here  or  at  my  factory  by 
appointment  -  I  shall  be  glad  to  meet  you 

oot.  mh,  i9ii 

Superintendent  of  Documents, 

Government  Printing  Office, 
Washington,  D.  C. 

Will  you  kindly  forward  me  the  volumes  of 
WATER  SUPPLY  PAPERS,  containing  Nos.  19  to  30  and  Hob.  40 
to  62.  I  am  informed  that  these  aro  hound  in  two  volumes, 
the  prices  of  Which  are  §1.50  and  §1.75,  respectively.  I 
enclose  money  order  covering  cost  of  same. 

I  also  desire  to  obtain  SPECIAL  CONSULAR  REPORTS, 
volume  2X11,  which  I  believe  contains  reports  on  Windmills 
in  foreign  oountries.  If  there  is  any  ohnrge  for  this,  kind¬ 
ly  let  me  know  the  amount  and  I  will  forward  it. 

Yours  respectfully, 

Soles  Bepartmeni'. 

■»  •  Cb-  C^^6t^_e-v~ 

(3v-o — 

(7^)  ^ ■ — ■ 

^L~V  c^- 

c*—  <=s^— <-«—  A*— ^ 

^O-^-  '£*~y  o-^J,  -fjL 

yLc*y’£&+~  j 

jU^?k,  •  ^  c^-^ 

*Cut-  ?  uu'f^' 

JU*t.  j£r ^ 

y  yj!,'  ~  /t^r-^-  7^-  cJL££^-*£» 


JU  /t^b£a-^^x  ^  -*t' 

^  jULe^f-  ^^7 

^  - 

^  ^  CL~yy»  1^- 

73rd  ANNUAL  SHOW,  DQNCASTER,  JULY  2nd  to  6th,  1912. 

It.  is  parUcuIarb/  reoursled,  that  nil  awmutnicaUms  may  ie  atiltesstd  to  'THE  SECRETARY.' 

Dear  Sir, 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  letter  of  the  27th  October  with  refer¬ 
ence  to  the  Society's  Trials  of  Wind  Pumping  Engines  at  Park  Royal 
in  1903.  This  report  was  issued  in  pamphlet  form,  hut  I  am  sorry 
to  say  that  I  am  unable  to  send  you  a  copy,  as  the  whole  of  the  issue 
has  been  exhausted. 

The  Society's  Journal  for  1903  contains  the  report,  see  pages 
174  to  220  of  the  copy  I  have  had  the  pleasure  to  send,  by  book 
post,  for  your  acceptance. 

Yours  faithfully, 

- '  Secretary. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. 

The  Laboratory, 

Orange,  If.  J. 


Edison  General  File  Series 

1911.  Battery,  Storage  -  Delivery  Wagons  -  General  (E-11-11) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
commercial  and  technical  development  of  Edison's  alkaline  storage  battery  and 
its  use  in  lightweight  electric  delivery  wagons.  Included  is  a  draft  letter  from 
Edison  to  The  Carriage  and  Wagon  Builder,  dated  November  25,  1911, 
summarizing  his  work,  as  well  as  references  to  other  articles  by  or  about 
Edison.  There  are  also  letters,  some  with  draft  replies  in  the  form  of  marginalia, 
pertaining  to  endurance  tests  and  to  Edison's  control  of  the  Lansden  Co.,  a 
manufacturer  of  electric  wagons.  Other  documents  include  an  expense 
statement  detailing  experimental  work  conducted  during  the  period  August 
1910-March  1911  and  a  drawing  of  a  wood  block  wheel,  probably  by  Edison, 
dated  November  6,  1911.  Among  the  correspondents  are  W.  M.  Barrett, 
president  of  the  Adams  Express  Co.;  phonograph  dealer  C.  B.  Haynes; 
longtime  Edison  friend  and  associate  Cornelius  E.  Nestor;  and  W.  Lanier 
Washington,  whose  grandfather  had  been  a  student  of  Samuel  F.  B.  Morse. 

Approximately  60  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
documents  not  selected  relate  to  the  procurement  of  supplies  and  other  routine 

Philadelphia  Granite  and  Marble  Works 

M.  HERB,  Proprietor 

Bell  Phone 



Cemetery  Lots  Enclosed 


ck.  > — 



a^>  .  T 

x  xA 

<=»■ _ -  •''-TS'  — ac*o^-r-£-- - 


Winston  Vehicle  (Tompan?^ 




business  Wagons  a  i 


Winston-Salem,  N.  C., 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange;,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:-. 

We  have  'bean  interested  in  the  development  of  you? 
storage  battery  and  notice  some  extracts  from  an  article  froni^ 
you  which  appeared  in  "  carriage  and  Wagon  Builder  ' 
which  you  indicate  that  your  "  Nickel-iron  storage  battery? 
has  been  completed  and  we  infer  is  now  a  commercial-proposi* 
tion.  We  also  note  that  the  resultB  from  your  experiments 
with  it  on  an  ordinary  one  horse  delivery  wagon  have  proven  [ 
satisfactory.  We  shall  greatly  appreciate  it  if  you  can 
spars  the  time  to  give  us  further  data  about  it.  1 

We  should  like  to  know  if  the  equipment  can  be  bought^ 
you,  viz,  the  Electrio  motors,  the  Controllers  andj;h<r 
storage  batteries  or  what  the  plan  for  distribution  will  be. 

Could  we  now  buy  the  out-fit  from  you  to  teBt  it  on  a 
wagon  and  at  what  cost.  We  build  horse  drawn  delivery  wagope  ^ 
and  Trucks  ranging  in  capacity  from  800#  to  5000#  and  up. 

We  notice  you/plan  includes  a  smaller  size  wagon,  which 
can  be  sold  for  considerably  less  than  the  prioea  you  mention 
of  #600.  to  #700,  for  ordinary  city  delivery. 

Could  you  give  us  the  approximate  weight  of  the  equipment, 
space  required  &c.  We  further  note  that  the  storage  battery 
will  last  as  long  as  the  Vehiole  and  we  suppose  .generate?  the 
current  or  do  they  have  to  be- recharged  frpm, agitation  like 

Kinston  Company 


*'*'  3$usin<tss  Wagons  a  Specialty 








Winston-Salem,  N.  C., 

Mr.  Thos  A.  Edison  #2. 

the  present  electrically  driven  cars?.  We  know  your  time 
Is  very  valuable,  but  we  shall  very  much  appreciate  any  data 
that  you  may  be  able  to  spare  the  time  to'  give  us. 

With  a  high  appreciation  of  your  wonderful  achievements, 
we  are, 

Cordially  yours, 

HR/fc.  Winston  i'oitioH  >!' 

We  enoloee  self  addressed  envelope  for  your  convenience. 



Mx.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  jr  v-  _  ^ 

Orangeburg ,  New  Jersey.  "ULT  [,  e/'" 

Dear  Sir:  qA'  vj? 

We  note  in  the  Christmas  edition'of  the  Carriage 
Monthly  your  article  on  Nickle  Batteries  and  motor  to  appl^O  It 
to  wagons.  Any  additional  informationyou  could  give  ub  would 
he  highly  appreciated. 

Very  truly  yourB, 

SMITH  &  NEIL  CO .  , 



C-c. «ac^ 

v _ t  ^Ot7CVt,  dkg’ 


^C^ecfe>JLeV  U/~£  xl 


.  yf/Xxv  K3aA- 

^  ' - w 

0>.'*>fc>\''-  1 

i _ _ ^ « lyT^^TCi^c^o* - 

_ S<Ur-«-» 


AM  AX,  YS  IS  OF  ORDER  #25543  (8-23-10 ) 


ItfjfcvL ARCH  31  ST.  1911. 




Studehaker  Bros. 
McDougall  &  Potter 
P.  Jones  &  Co. 
Universal;  C.Fdy.  Co. 
Diamond  Chain  &Mfg.Co. 
United  Copper  B&M  Co. 
Ed.  S.  B.  Co. 











Jas.A.Coe  &  Co.  Il/l8 

Universal  C.&  Fdy.Co'.  10/6 
T.  A.  E.  10/31 

Ed.  S.  B.  Co. 
T.  A.  E. 



Ed.  S.  B.  Co. 
Gleason  Works 
Dans den  Co. 
Chris.  Musler 





T.  A.  E.  12/31 

Jeffrey  Mfg.  Co.  12/1 

laboratory  Pay  Roll  for  August  $26.63 
1  -  #8932  Sprocket 
1  Axle  and  Forge 
2b  Special  Spokes 
25  lbs.  Castings 
1  -  s/8  x  70"  Chain 
5  Castings 

Pay  Roll  78.1b 

1  -  Keystone  Vehicle  Co.  Wagon 
#518  and  freight 
Sundry  Small  Supplies 
Pay  Roll 

1  Bar  -  3  Channels 
19  lbs.  Castings 
Sundry  Small  Parts 
1  Brake  for  Wagon  #518 
Pay  Roll 

Sundry  Small  Parts 
Ray  Roll 



2  Steel  Sprockets 
1  S-26  B.  Controller 
1/2  Set  1  1/2"  Rubber  ) 
l/2  "  Channels  ) 

Repairing  Brake  ) 

Pay  Roll 

Sundry  Small  Parts 
Chain  and.  Bprookets 











24;  50 




Universal  C.&Fdy.Co.  1/24 

Dilworth.Towne  &L.  1/11 

Jas.  A.  Coe  &  Co.  1/11 

T.  A.  E.  1/31 

E.  P.  Works  2/28 

T.  A.  E.  2/28 

Hammacher  .Schleiumer 

&  Co.  3/8 

30  lbs.  Castings 
Cut  Steel 
Bar  Steel 
Sundry  Small  Parts 
Pay  Roll 

1,  Sectional  Punch  and  Die 
Copper  -  plating  8  nuts 
Sundry  Small  PartB 
Pay  Roll 

1  B.  &•  S.Gear  Cutter 
Carrie  Forward 










/ _ 2.07 

*2'0j0.6«j  ¥V3.2jO 

ORDER  #25543 

Universal  O.&Fay.Co. 
United  Oopper  B&M  Co. 
A.O.Sohoonmaker  &  Co. 

Diamond  Chain  &  M.  Co, 
Baylis  Co. 

Cameron  EL.  Mfg.  Co. 
E.  S.  B.  Co. 

C.  A.  .Goldsmith 
Morrison  Fdy.  Co* 
Jas  ..Goldmark  Co. 
Vewe*  Mfg.  Co. 

Brought  Forward 


r  'z.ojo.fy  *Vv?- Zo 

2/l6  61  lhs.  Castings 

2/4  11  1/4  lbs.  " 

2/23  6  lbs. Amber  Mica;  9  7/8 

lbs.  Mioa  Plate 
,  2/20  2  Chains 

2/21  10  Raotion  Brush  Holders 

2/1  44  172  lbs.  Conttr.  Bars 

2/28  Pay  Roll 

3/31  "  "  < 

Sundry  Small  PartB 
3/31  Pay  Roll 

3/31  1  Set  Armature  &  Field  ) 

Punohings  tor  Auto  Motor) 

1  Set  DieB  and  Punch  <0>  ) 
3/3  6  l/4  lbs.  Compo. Castings 

3/23  12"le  Carbone"  Brushes 

3/27  23  lhs.  Castings 

3/20  3  Gro.  yds  .Oiled  Muslin  i'a] 

3/11  26  lbs.  Magnet  Wire 

•  3/23  1  Odometer 




?  ZS/3.S3 

is+AS  _  / jr  a  j-jTJ 

memorandum  regarding  changes  OH  MOTOR  POR  maiVEOT  WAGON. 

1.  xnoreaeo  outside  diameter  of  the  fieia  to  12-Jr" . 

2.  increase  length  of  pole  so  it  will  tales  copper  strip  1"  wide. 


the  pole  face. 

4.  Re- infers e  frame  arms  with  rihs  and  shift  position  of  poleB  ana 

frame  arms  to  45  degrees. 

5.  use  heavier  and  shorter  holts  for  scouring  front  bracket  to  frame. 

6.  Drill  and  tap  re-inf oroing  rihs  to  receive  screws. 

7.  Allow  5/8"  more  room  for  the  hack  of  armature  winding. 

8.  Shift  oil  pocket  so  that  it  will  not  interfere  with  armature  winding. 

9.  Arrange  a  brush  yoke  so  that  it  can  ho  shifted  accurately  and  firm¬ 

ly  secured. 

»•  «■  s.-  “a 

11.  i.-akc  the  arms  of  front  hearing  narrower. 

12.  Cut  hack  the  flange  on  front  cap.  so  as  to  make  brushes  mere  ac¬ 


13.  Arrange  front  cap  so  that  thin  sheet  iron  covers  may  he  uaed  to 

enclose  commutator. 

14.  Arrange  hack  of  frame  and  front  end  cap  for  supporting  motor. 

15.  Make  the  end  of  hack  hearing  housing  square,  so  that  plain  disc  oil 

cover  can  he  uBed. 

r  o enter. 

16.  Use  prooent  armature  disc;  hut  lighten  with  holes  j 

17.  Arrange  hearing  housings  with  grease  hex  on  top. 

18.  Reduce  weight  of  eastings  wherever  possible  without  decreasing 

streigfch  of  necessary  part^  -  • 

19.  Arrange  o  ommut  at  or  ^ 

possible  wivnouii 

L  l/’B.  *  ’ 

diameter  as  at  prenont; 

preoont;  h«t  ex- 

^Lnd^SIt^sXif  inch; 

20.  Decide  on  proper  also  of  brush  holders  and  brush  holder  studs. 

«•  ts  sust  as? 01  “ 

April  25,  1911. 

/UZm  Agfa,  l 

Mr.  H.  P.  Miller,  Ul£, 

Mr.  TV.  G.  Bee,  , 

Edison  Storage  Battery  do., 
Orange,  H.  J. 

N  FRANCISCO.  cAi-May  £7,  1911 .  . 


J  «*r  'L^ 

Knowing  that  you  Both  "tg^al^mend^fwr.B^^ore  / 
or  less  interested  in  our  California  cgmri^^Sr-i-  tak^  tne^Tb^rtgj^ 
of  asking  you,  at  this  time,  for  some  advio^^J^, 

We  consider  ourselves  as  autKerazed  re-presentatlvae^qf  the 

Edison  Storage  Battery  Oo.  and  are  doing  our  utmost  at  all  times  to 
promote  the  good  of  the  cause,  as  you  know. 

In  the  matter  of  the  recent  notion  taken  regarding  the  lansden 

you  can  see  the  complications  that  will  necessarily  arise 
as  we  have  a  matter  up  at  the  present  time  regarding  the 
of  a  number  of  five  ton  trucks,  and  what  I  Bhould  like  to 

know  is  what  attitude  the  Edison  Company  will  take  if  we  should 
handle  any  other  make  of  wagon  than  that  of  the  Lansden  Company.  And 
also,  at  this  time,  would  it  he  possible  for  the  lansden  Company  to 
give  us  the  shop  rights,  etc.  in  order  that  we  may  build  these  wag¬ 
ons  on  the  Coast? 

Pro ape ot 8  here  are  looking  good  for  a  lot  of  business  which  will 
certainly  come  to  us  within  the  near  future. 

Shanking  you  for  your  consideration  and  advioe  in  this  matter,  I 

3000  CENTRAL.  AVE. 

Jime  19,  1911. 

Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange , 

How  JerBey. 

Hear  Sir:- 

I  have  he on  waiting  patiently  for 
the  solution  to  the  light .delivery  oar  problem.  If 
you  will  notice  by  the  very  poorly  taken  photo  en- 
olosed  that  in  my  business  we  use  a  number  of  auto 
delivery  oars; 

We  have  at  the  present  time  thirty-one  oars  in 
servioe,  including  thirteen  different  makes.  Our  gross 
load,  including  drivers,  average  loss  than  1,000  lbs. 

She  daily  mileage, for  eaoh  oar  averages  thirty  miles. 

The  average  Upkeep  cost  per  month  per  car  for  the  year 
1910,  including  labor 'and  material  was  $40,48  per  month; 
the  average  gasoline  consumption  per  oar  per  month  for 
the  year  1910  was  sixty-one  gallons.  This  doeB  not  mean 
that  these  cars  were  running  every  working  day,  we  average 
five  cars  in  the  shop  for  repairs  all  the  time.  I  have  a 
very  accurate  Upkeep  reoord  for  the  past  two  yearB  and  would 
be  pleased  to  give  you  an  accurate  actual  statement,  giving 
in  detail  the  amount  of  service  we  get  out  of  gasoline  driven 
oars,  the  cost  of  Upkeep,' eto. ,  Bhould  you  be  interested  in 
suoh  a  reoord. 

How  for  my  object  in  thus  addressing  you.  I  have 
been  endeavoring  to  discover  an  electric  vehiole  built 
suitable'  for  the  requirements  of  my  line  of  business  and 
similar  lines  that  require  quiok,  easily  handled  motor 
delivery  wagons  built  for  light  loads,  yet  siibstahtial  enough 
to  stand  the  racking  that  they  must  get  owing  to  their  cum- 


bersome  bodies  swaying  and  bouncing  over  rough  roads. 

So  far  I  have  been  unable  to  find  anything  on  the 
market  under  $2,600.  ffihey  tell  me  that  your  new  battery 
is  no  better  than  the  old  Exide  battery,  exoept  he  to 
maintenance  oost,  that  it  costs  more  than  the  old  battery 
and  does  not  give  any  more  mileage.  Also  that  the  oost 
of  a  set  of  your  batteries  in  a  light  delivery  wagon  would 
be  about  $660. 

1  am  writing  you  for  authoritative  information  on 
the  subjeot.  Is  it  not  possible  to  construct  an  eleotrio 
delivery  wagon  for  the  purpose  outlined  above  that  can  be 
sold  for  $1,000?  If  so,  there  is  a  field  in  this  oity  of 
Iios  Angeles  for  at  least  S00  of  them  and  I  personally  would 
be  very  much  interested  in  snoh  a  wagon. 

With  apologies  for  taking  up  so  muoh  of  your  valuable 
time  and  my  sincere  gratitude  for  any  information  you  may 
give  me,  I  am 

re  si 


<3?  - 

tvfo-ton  trucks.  For  your  information,  matters  are  progress¬ 
ing  and  X  think  in  a  short  time  we  will  he  able  to  give  you 
definite  information. 

Your 8  truly, 

’  •  President^ 

Orange,  H.J.  JLW  OQ  ;o/| 

Dear  Sir:- 

There  are  bo  many  different  conditions  in  our  delivery  system 
in  different  parts  of  the  country  that  it  would  he  impossible  for  us 
I  to  give  you  figures  that  would  be  representative  of  the  oost  of  de lively 

service.  We  decided,  therefore,  to  tell  you  in  a  general  way  what  we 
do  in  Brooklyn!-  We  stable  over  there  forty  horses  and  figure  that  it 
oosts  us  §2.43  for  each  day's  work  that  we  receive.  Inoluded  in  this 
oost  is  the  interest  on  our  investment,  depreciation  at  33  1/3$  a  year 
on  the  stock  and  26$  on  wagons  and  harness,  oost  of  feed,  horse  shoeing, 
repairs,  rental,  water  taxes,  and  every  conceivable  oharge.  We  have 
no  records  at  ail  to  show  the  number  of  deliveries  made  each  day  nor 
have  we  any  record  of  the  average  number  of  miles  made.  We  pay  §140. 
each  for  our  wagons,  §26.00  for  each  set  of  harness,  and  §226.00  for 

Crusting  that  this  willi  give  you  the i information  desired, v 

Yours  truly,  : 


W.  M.  Barrett, 

Adams  Express  Co; 

59  Broadway, 

II.  Y. 

Expect  to  have  estimate  on  tw*  ton  truok  tomorrow. 

Thomas  A.  Edison 

June  28,1911 

man.,  6227. 

(2.  SB.  O^aynes  (Sr  Go., 


Edison  Phonographs  and  ^Records 

WhoU.aU  an()  Jfll  Supplies.  P.  0.  Box  SOI, 

Me  Stash  eights  >  ' 

...  uterus.  ltKMOVED  TO  Jf  Jf  A  Seoenth  Street 

121  \V.  UK0A1)  ST. 


,r  since  I  was  at,  the  faetj^y  MTen.yoi 

Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison 
Orange,  I!.  J. 

Dear  Mr.  F.dison 

Ever  si 

I  have  been  talking  up  this  delivery  wagon,  ... 

<=old.  Vie  want  a  demonstrating  '"Pgon<j^!oon 

op"' . 

prefer  to  have  the  one  that  the  box  Better  tlia^i 
Can  you  give  mo  the  exact  date  or  any  where^n^Tit 
demonstrating  wagon.  I  am  confident  wkcou^^^L>"s  ^ 
had  something  to  show.  \ 

Can  sell  one  to  a  veryp™minent 
would  have  to  have  a  specially  made  top  for  it.  If  yo) 


this  subject  will  you  please  do  so  and  oblige, 
very  truly, 

C.  B.  Haynes. 


Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq.  it*  >75,  ; 

o«.w. ». ,<  ,i S'mA 

Uy  0...  Ur.  ^  ^  . 

I  want  to  thank  you  again  for  your  vary  courteous 
and  considerate  treatment  yesterday  afternoon  at  the  time  of  my  visit 
to  your  laboratories,  which  was  made  most  interesting  to  me. 

I  am  writing  also  to  remind  you  of  your  promise  to  keep  me 
in  mind  when  the  Delivery  Wagon  that;  you  are  now  testing  is  ready  to 
be  placed  on  the  market.  I  believe  I'-.can  handle  that  proposition  to 
advantage  in  Now  York  and  vicinity. 

I  mentioned  to  you  in  the  course  of  our  conversation  that  my 
grandfather,  Lewis  W.  Washington  of  Virginia,  was  a  student  at  Prince¬ 
ton  under  Prof.  S.  P.  B.  Morse,  and  did  much  of  the  mechanical  work 
for  him  in  making  the  first  telegraph  instruments,  and  that  he  had 
written  a  description  of  it  for  some  institution  in  Paris,  which  I 
believe  you  mentioned  the  name  of  to  me.,  I  do  not  recall  it  exactly,  | 
and  am  imposing  upon  you^to^aek  that  you  will  repeat  it  to  me. 

Again  thanking  you,  and  with  kind  regardB  and  wishes  for 
continued  Buqpetss  in  your  valuable  efforts, -I  am 
Yours  faithfully, 


Pj  .  S-  tOc^«jG-v'>a 

'  //  (r  (^y> 

y\^  \»\"  CVfc  7/  $jftrpn,lumy'j 

fU)^0  ( November  8,  1911  •  \ 

”  (|u  Wt--'  8-  •  -Lcuclu^ 

..  Edison,  >U'““'  UJ 

.«  Ornnno .  ». 

.  OJ\£‘| 

West  Orange,  N.  J.jt  ^ 

z_  jf  JaflU  vw'iA' 

Hy  deer  Hr.  Mi80n:\j£^^ 

Your  letter  addressed_to  me,  flatpd  OotobeT\iath,  was 

7j(£k.*-(L  Ct^C>  / 

handed  to  me  by  Mr.  Do^onNovember  2nd.  Asjjdid^not  und^r-^ 
Co^hcka  kvv  uu  ^*., -t-— 

stand  whether  your  reference  thertd*  rtasintended  to  epeoi^ioaV 

£Lu&m t&y  C«?  ‘ 

ly  apply  to 

_  _  *“  2£  c\jl+*~- 

r  Company,  *l""made*  inquiry  and  £iWd  that  there 

Co-v^-1  *-#**  TT<> 

has  been  no  contention  between  oud  people  and  the  LansdaYi  CJojbb, 

k^  -fe  *«-'  <tCvh-iM 

pany  about  prices,  and  therefore  1 1  assume  that  your  reference 
was  intended  to  apply  generiffiy  and  not  spe^S^eplly. 

I  do  want  to  say  in  this  connectio^4J*al."T  have  been 
very  anxious  to  substitute  electric  wagons  for  om  present 
equipment  at  Newark,  but  I  have  necessarily  deferred  doing  so 

until  I  could  learn  definitely  what  the  Pennsylvania  Railroad 


proposes  to  do  about  its  passenger  station.  If  certain  changes 
are  made  our  Company*  s  warehouse, -will  have  to  be  torn  down 
and  then  we  muBt  get  another  “'location.  The  determination  of 


i/r t- 

-  2  - 

that  question  is  the  only  reason  why  I  have  suspended  the 
order  for  trucks.  It  is  my  purpose,  if  we  change  our  ware¬ 
house,  to  consolidate  in  one  building  the  warehouse  and 
garage,  which  arrangement  should  prove  both  convenient  and 

Yours  very  truly, 


Mov.  16tb,  1911 

Mr.  T.  A.  Edison:- 

Below  yon  will  find  reoord  of  aateB  of  delivery 
to  Mr.  Nicolai  of.  various  details  whioh  were  uBed  in  rebuild¬ 
ing  delivery  wagon,  and  also  herewith  are  tracings  showing 
the  completeness  of  each,  and  sighed  reoeipts  for  same..- 

On  November  Era  prints  Bhowing  details  of  new 
sprockets,  together  with  jack-  shaft,,  brake  ties,  were  delivered. 

On  November  4th  fully  dimension  shot  oh  owns  de¬ 
livered,  giving  him  all  information  to  make  up  now  frame. 

This  frame  was  made  riveted  together  and  "because  of  defective 
workmanship  had  to  be  token  apart,  new  Bide  frames  bent  up 
and  cross  ties  re-riveted. 

November  4th  blue  print  of  angle  iron  frame 
cap  for  carrying  king  pin  was  delivered,  and  easting  re¬ 
ceived  on  the  6th. 

Assembly  drawing  of  the  frame,  together  with 
king  pin  blook  and  new  shook  absorbor  for  rear  axle,  was ^ 
delivered  on  November  7th.  Assembly  lajrput  Bhowing  detail  of  this  shook  absorber,  together  with  all  neoeB- 
'Bary  parts  used  in  connection  therewith,  were  delivered 
.November  7th. 

Hraoing^  for  attachment  to  present  brake  bracket 
for  holding  the  shock  absorbing  device  in  position  was  de¬ 
livered  on  the  same  date,  and  beoause  of  the  absonoo  of  a 
blacksmith  Kr.  Nicolai  thought  it  necessary  to  maohine  out  of 
a  solid  block  of  steel  tho  supporting  plate  shown  on  appended 
tracing,  The  directions  for.. making  up  this  piece  as  a  forging 
were,  not  followed. 

Details  of  the  king  pin  wore  delivered  on  Novem¬ 
ber  8th.  V 

'  .  .  There  has  been  no  delay  in  ruBhing  through  the 

blue  printed,  necessary  for  building  the  wagon.  ThOBe  . details 
.whioh  have^heen  held  until  other  details  and  tracings  were 
f ini  shed  were  in  connect ion  with  the  steering,  arm.  These, 
parts'were  -  intended  to  he  attoohed  to. the wagon  when  they . 

-"Twero  voompleted^as  it  was  the,;int  enti  on  t  o  use  the  present 
steering  arm  "and  oonnections -for  the  early  test  of  the  wagon. 

.  The  construction  of-  this  strengthened  steering,  outfit  was 
arranged," so . that  tho  same  might  bo  easily  attached  to  the 

wagon?  without .delaying -the  test. 

-The  forsinse  for  stud  axleB  were  somewhat  flay¬ 
ed  and  prints1 for  thlse  parts  were  delivered  on  November  11th,. 
on  which  day  the  parts  were  received. 

The  only  real  delay  that  might  he  placed  against 

jg  JrS™«"»;."nXnt&;°aKS.S  ?S  «aj 

ring  on  casting,  and  this  part  of  the  work  has  been  rushed 
as  far  as  the  Drawing  Room  is  concerned. 


Xr  Cqsvu,c^k*-  i^lOa^oy\, 


in  the  Deoemher,  1910  Issue  of  the  Carriage  and 
Wagon  Builder  I  mentioned  the  fact  that  I  was  developing  for 
the  use  of  grooers.  Butchers  and  other  tradesmen  a  light  eleo- 
tric  delivery  wagon,  to  Be  operated  with  a  special  type  of  my 
niokel-iron  storage  Battery.  The  first  of  these  experimental 
wagons,  as  described  in  that  article,  was  a  standard  one-horse 
delivery  wagon  which  I  had  Bought  in  the  open  market  and  changed 
over  to  an  electrically  driven  vehicle,  and  which  at  that  time 
had  Been  put  on' a  running  test  on  the  roads  at  Orange. 

This  wagon  has  Been  running  continuously  ever  since, 
until  about  a  month  ago.  My  object  was  to  run  it  on  a  Break¬ 
down  test  in  order  to  develop  any  weaknesses  that  might  exist; 
and  for  this  purpose  I  selected  a  circular  route  of  about  16 
miles.  This  route  covered  a  great  many  rough  placeB,  including 
unopened  streets  and  poor  roadB.  Some  other  streets  were  paved  with 
cobble  stones  and  Belgian  Blocks  in  Bad  condition,  and  conse¬ 
quently  were  full  of  ruts  and  Bumps. 

My  instructions  were  to  use  two  shiftB  of  men  and 
run  over  this  route  day  and  night  at  full  speed,  with  50  per 
cent  overload  on  the  wagon.  The  rear  wheels  had  solid  rubber 
■buggy  tires,  But  the  front  wheels  had  only  the  usual  steel 
tires.  Thus  there  was  nothing  to  Bave  concussion  on  the  front 
part  of  the  chassis.  I  fully  expected  that  there  would  Be  a 
number  of  Breakdowns,  and  that  the  wagon  would  have  to  Be  towed 
in  occasionally.  These  expectations  were  fulfilled,  But  not 


Jilt  6reaJb  flat.  i.»W  /tie.  *■/<*£.  £**a 
to  the  extent  that  was  expected. ^Thero  was  no  to-fcal  breakdown 
at  any  time,  ana  up  to  the  time  When  I  had  its  operation  stopp¬ 
ed,  the  vehicle  had  made  4000  miles. 

From  the  experience  gained  in  running  this  No.  1 
experimental  wagon  I  built  another  one.  No.  2,  in  whioh  the 
weaknesses  of  the  first  vehicle  were  eliminated  and  several 
improvements  were  aaaea,  including  a  different  motor.  One  of 
the  weak  parts  of  wagon  No.  1  lay  in  the  inadequacy  of  the 
motor,  whioh  was  the  best  for  the  purpose  that  1  could  buy 
on  the  market.  In  order  to  overcome  this  trouble  X  had  a 
special  type  of  motor  designed  ana  built  at  my  Laboratory. 

It  is  strong  enough  to  run  a  wagon  two  or  three  -times  as 
large  ana  is  very  substantial  in  its  construction.  Ibis 
later  wagon  No.  2  was  completed  ana  put  on  a  similar  break¬ 
down  test  with  50$  overload  about  two  monthB  ago  over  the 
same  route,  under  practically  the  same  conditions  aB  the 
earlier  one.  The  only  difference  is  that  this  vehicle  is 
operated  by  three  instead  of  two  shifts  of  men,  and  is  run 
day  and  night,  making  about  125  miles  per  day. 

Wagon  No.  2  is  a  marked  improvement  over  the 
first  one.  It  is  of  far  more  rugged  construct  ion,  mechanic¬ 
ally  and  electrically,  and  runs  at  a  higher  speed  with  great- 
ereconomy.  Thus  ,  far  it  has  run  1400  miles  under  rigid  s°rut- 
ing,  and  the  weaknesses  developed  have  been  carefully  noted 
and  remedied.  I  intend  to  have  this  oar  run  over  the  route 
mentioned  all  through  the  winter  in  all  sorts  of  weather. 

The  experience  thuB  gained  will  enable  me  to  construct  No.  3, 


in  which  all  previous  defects  will  "be  eliminated,  and  which 
I  fool  sure  will  he  the  model  of  a  light  electric  delivery 

wagon  that  will  he  satisfactory  for  general  use,  <*. 

cOJlicc^nJCm  8  "/<>  •  ’  ‘ 

'  It  may  he  of  interest  to  add  that  last  spring 

I  took  Ho.  1  off  the  regular  route,  and  allowed  one  of  our 
local  tradesmen  to  use  it  for  a  few  days  for  his  usual  fle- 
liveries,  which  were  accomplished  satisfactorily  in  •  MfcW*  ' 


less  time  than  was  usual  with  his  regular  horse-wagon  delivery. 

Throughout  all  the  several  tests  that  I  have  men¬ 
tioned  above,  the  one  part  of  the  equipment  that  has  given  no 
trouble  is  my  storage  battery.  Notwithstanding  the  tremendous 
strain  to  which  it  has  been  subjected, there  have  been  no  delays 
or  breakdowns  from  any  failure  of  the  battery  to  do  its  part. 
Hence,  I  feel  no  hesitation  in  assuming  that  when  my  experiments 
on  the  vehicle  are  completed  I  shall  have  a  wagon  capable  of  use 
in  the  hands  of  the  ordinary  tradesman,  and  needing  no  expert 

2  S',  fj  (( 

i> 00.  5,  1911. 

Mr.  H.  tt.  'toller :  : 

Eloase  cancel,  at  once,  E.  S.  B.  Co. 
order  #25543  covering' work  on  light  delivery  wagon. 

Mr.  Edison  has  instructed  us  that  this  expense  is 
to  ho  horns  by  him;  personally,  and  as  soon  us  pos¬ 
sible,  charges  already,  received  hy  ,us  covering  thiB 
order  will  he  assembled  in  the  .form  ad  a  hill  and 
charged  hack  to  him.  ' .  -rt  /i  . I 

Copies  to  Messrs .  Bachman,  Gould  and  y/alsh. 

f  Vfo 

■n*  ^h>  L/w  AT:  * 

■  ■  aqJj-,  iM  *A-\ 

JlfrduCM'  /PCtryfi-iy^  t-u&t  jfl** 

dZ&A-l,  ptz&A*  C&J— 


MBS  A'..  KSARN  ft  §©M„ 

a;  tatz*&2a& e.  '//&?$&, „-/-re„aC  Sft. 

&7.a//./3,/s, /?,  ws/sjisss/rss  '//rjr5%.\.tie«tkyh 

(L-ai - r^ZIZ  * ,, 

'SKettrJfa*'/*  November  25,  1911.-  7 

JVA  ^  J;  <^e  a^r-tr f-sHS—-; 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  II.  J.  -*<+ 

Bear  Sirs-  0*jb^  oLaJ&Cs**  ~i 

Replying  to  your  letter  of  November  23 £r  would  say  that  while  X 
was  invited  alone  to  the  meeting  at  your  offioe  and  there  were  present 
three  of  your  representatives  and  yourself,  yet  I  must  repeat  that  my 
memory  has  been  considered  a  very  accurate  one  and  that  I  made  full  notes 
of  the  agreement  on  reaching  the  Orange  station.  While  it  was  an  agreement 
prejudicial  to  the  money  Interests  of  James  A.  Hearn  &  Son  in  that  they 
have  a  olaim  for  actual  damages  suffered  far  larger  than  the  ooBt  of  what 
you  agreed  to  do,  they  will  live  up  to  it  and  expect  no  less  o'feywun. 

During  the  almost  total  tie-up  of  our  business  in  the  holiday 
season  of  1910  whon  seven  or  eight  of  our  City  vehicles  and  our  two 
Orange-Hontolair  and  Newark  vehicles  were  being  towed  in  every  business 
day  running  22,  25  and  27  miles  with  batteries  listed  to  do  85  miles, 

I  complained  daily  to  the  Lansden  Company  (and  many  times  directly  to 

without  receiving  assistance. 

Your  batteries  at  that  time  were  unprotected  and  no  one  from 
the  battery  oompany  nor  from  the  lansden  Company  (although  knowing  of  our 
trouble  and  constantly  investigating)  suggested  that  they  be  protected. 
Your  batteries  at  that  time  were  put  up  in  wooden  trays,  fastened  with 
nails  driven  from  underneath,  the  points  of  whioh  rested  on  the  metal 
oells.  It  was  found  that  part  of  the  current  of  the  battery  was  actually 
being  taken  in  the  wooden  trayB  through  these  nails,  the  trays  being 
sufficiently  charged  to  give  a  reading  on  the  meter. 

For  two  weeks  a  representative  of  the  Lansden  Company  rode  on 
our  Orange-Montolair  electric  oar  to  see  where  and  what  the  troubles  were, 
every  single  day  of  whioh  the  car  was  towed  in  giving  25  to  28  miles  on 
an  85  mile  battery.  We  are  informed  that  this  type  of  vehiole  had  been 
originally  tested  and  approved  at  the  Edison  Battery  Company's  works. 

Your  Lansden  Company  sold  us  in  the  Summer  of  1910,  fifteen 
ohasseB  and  two  heavy  trucks,  probably  the  most  inefficient,  improperly 
constructed  vehicles  being  operated  in  this  vloinity  today.  You  your¬ 
self  told  me  that  the  oopper  leads  from  battery  to  motor  were  only  pne- 
siath  of  what  they  should  be  to  get  benefit  of  battery's  power.  You.., 
say  nothing  of  yow  promise  to  make  good  on  this  point,  though  you 
surely  have  not  forgotten.  S 

Your  offer  was  obviously  made  as  a  small  sestitution  in  settle¬ 
ment  of  the  damages  James  A.  Hearn  &  Son  sustained  and  further  to  protect 
the  name  and  reputation  of  your  Companies,  and  being  so  made  was  aooepted. 


vJ'AMBS  A,  ttRARN  ft  §©N„ 

i  U.gffVM  7fcJtJo<<gtitn(A, itt. 

&M//./3./S. /?.  *sm*i&*7r*9 

Mr.  Thomas  E.  Edison.  ”2“ 

Your  own  people  admitted  that  the  truohs  were s°  ^"^tie^hMkat 
hadly  oonatruo ted  that  the  t*M  ^^Hearn  &  Son  not  only 

entire  sura  involved. 

It  is  submitted  that  the  plan  you  first  ™£»ested  and  which  Xm- 
oepted  as  outlined,  in  ray  lettor  of  Kovem  r  relations  existing  between 
least  oostly  for  you,  and  in  reputation  is  at 

aw  a?u"» • 

Yours  very  truly, 

P.S.-  To  the  reoent  oomnunioation  from *h® ^th^ngo' ^to^re-wire^  reoonstruot 
"tafce  bablc  "its  agreement  made  over  three  . true*  number 

150  when^and^if  t^nuriber  ^proved  ^^^Vo'replyf  ™b- 

StyrSsiK  s  sa  ssasrs  ssx.— 

0( — -C-O-CR-v#  V  t-tW  *«-^C  C?-<X£ 

jUs^, c^s^ticXL 

'  L^u-tr/ifCt  et*£w  C  * 

...  J/fP..vl . Uo-c-yt^ ' 

UiJL^t^  ^.:  cU  1>~&VU{ 

IU(A^X — £c>-e&-  <^'^f_  U 

t^oJkju  iW  U^-  |->-^ 

<^i>^C<L  CLo-t <A!*.ha* 

_  _  5><S>  <5^  "T.#,  CPC*>^ 

G^cv-O-t^T-fc^  G-'-'^  _ _  , 

U^3  g^C£-  ^ 

Jr°  ^jt^£\Sjztk fex. 

feO-dCfZ, — ©^5 — <^<rccrc&e  «$— '  <^3£*»d  (r^i  «  •C.cJ-fctf 
\TE^-'<s^-t  u>*X&  ll*_!_ak' 

jjt  rb^^iA^-^  ^cTEuTTIZTIZI 

k^4*u e^h _ 

^r-UAXi-  U^JJ.  Q-&-4-0%m£~ 
.  A 

M.  V.  Ironclad 

.  94  amp ore  hours 

126  "  * 

167  " 

189  " 

210  " 

262  " 

.8.24  WattB  per  lt>. 
8.61  " 


9.00  " 

8.60  "  Wit 

9.00  " 

9.00  " 

9.00  " 

Element  &  Jars 


7  plates  $13.66 

A- 6  240  ampereB  11520  Watts 

This  requires  16  plate  lead  10080  "  to  equal  it 

Weight  40  A— 6  780  lhs. 

»  15  platell76  "  Without  trays 

15  plate  lead,  list  $716/^ 

A- 6  "  800 

Adds  396  lhs.  to  carriage' and  1440  watt  hours  shy* 

1  Watt  carries  26  lhs.  1  mile  -  for  extra  weight  requires 
16-1/2  watt  hours  for  the  weight  -  this  with  1440  less  weight 
clearly  reqnifes  a  1.7  plate  coir  to  get  equal  mileage, 
list  $812  and  then  it  would  overload  carriage  and  would  not 
give  the  mileage. 

Carson  Pirie  Soott 
Armour  &  Co. 

Hand el  Bros. 
Commonwealth  Edison 

Anderson  Eleo.Car  Co. 

60  A- 6 
72  A- 8 
60  A-4 
60  A- 6 
44  A-4 
60  A-8 
60  A- 6 
60  A-4 
60  A- 6 
46  A- 6 
60  A- 6 

Spaulding  Co, 
The  Bair 

Edison  General  File  Series 

1911.  Battery,  Storage  -  Delivery  Wagons  -  Endurance  Tests  (E-11-12) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
the  commercial  and  technical  development  of  Edison's  alkaline  storage 
battery  and  its  use  in  lightweight  electric  delivery  wagons.  The  documents 
concern  road  tests  made  in  the  vicinity  of  Edison's  laboratory,  °n  a  route  of 
his  choosing,  during  the  period  August-December  1911.  '"eluded  are 
instructions  for  the  tests  prepared  by  Edison  for  his  chief  engineer,  Donald  M. 
Bliss  and  an  undated  blueprint  containing  a  map  of  the  test  course  along  with 
instructions  to  the  drivers.  Most  of  the  documents  were  prepared  by  Bliss  and 
Edison  employee  J.  T.  Chesler  and  provide  test  results  for  the  vehicle  known 
as  "Wagon  #2." 

Approximately  20  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
material  not  selected  consists  of  duplicate  and  variant  versions  of  the  data, 
some  data  from  tests  conducted  during  1910;  and  an  _undated  bluepnrrt 
containing  a  map  of  the  test  course  and  instructions  for  drivers  of  the  vehicle 
known  as  "Wagon  #1 ." 

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Aug.  If  1911 


Regarding  the  1  Horee  wagon  Ho.  8. 

I  want  to  run  over  normal  etreete  at  14  mllee  per  hour 
with  a  load  of  500  lbe.  over  and  above  the  wagon  oomplete,  Juet 
aa  it  will  bo  in  praotioe,  to-wit:  16  0  8  oelle- 

When  you  have  it  rightly  geared  and  ready  put  it  on 
the  route  aeleoted  by  mo  -  Oheaeler  knows  where  it  ia.  Want 
thia  route  taken.  One  (on)  the  oar  traoke  one  aide  ia  to  run 
between  rails  -  £0  buspa  or  hol*e  a£e  b*  avoided  but  taken 
at  full  speed  and  in  all  oaaea  the  worst  parts  of  the  road 
are  always  to  be  taken. 

Pleaae  arrange  for  two  reliable  runners  and  have  some 
one  go  out  occasionally  and  watoh  and  see  if  they  carry  out 
instructions  as  to  taking  the  worst  part  of  the  road.  Arrange 
the  load  by  using  soap  boxes  filled  with  junk  iron  and  arrange 
the  battery  ££*  as  you  have  it  now,  but  in  suoh  a  way  that  it  • 
oan  be  easily  and  quiokly  removed  and  a  freshly  oharged 
battery  put  in.  Dont  want  to  detain  vehicle  more  than  10 
minutes  to  make  the  change.  You  perhaps  better  have  3  sets 
of  A  8,  two  of  whioh  are  on  oharge  always.  < 

Should  there  by  no  break  downs  the  two  men  should 
average  310  to  335  miles  daily. 

After  running  a  few  days  you  oan  see  what  is  going 
to  be  impraotioable,  and  you  should  anticipate  it  and  have 
the  part  or  parts  ready  so  we  oan  keep  the  wagon  out.  As 
Baohman  is  to  build  them,  please  keep  him  posted,  and  where 


you  are  in  doubt  as  to  a  change  better  ooneult  together  and 

I  understand  you  are  making  new  axle  and  wheels 
with  knuckle  nearer  center  and  will  get  it  all  ready.  Should 
the  present  knuckle  work  perfectly  satisfactorily,  it  may  be 
that  it  would  be  bettor  to  stick  to  it,  as  the  wheels  are 
stock  size  and  make,  but  if  not  satiofaotory  after  a  good  run 
you  oan  ohange.  Also  you  should  go  ahead  and  get  a  set  of 
wheels  with  Tumpklns  bearings  and  have  them  all  ready  for  a 

Also  you  should  get  TumpkinB  for  Motor  and  jack 
and  have  them  ready,  so  that  when  you  want  Jo  try  it 
will  not  take  S  or  3  weeks  -  Just  antlolpat_g_on_tj&s_  wafiSA 
iS.  limit  and  have  things  ready  before  you  need  them. 

You  had  better  have  a  set  of  springs  for  front  -  perhaps 
single  like  autos  would  be  better  on  front  as  it  would  look 
'  body  to  axle  better. 

Plates  for  Fred  Ott  -  We  shall  usei  a  lot  of  Monel 
metal  plates  for  forming  veneers.  I  think  those  1/16  thick 
will  be  the  ones  we  shall  adopt.  Whatever  Ott  and  Aiken 

together  request  on  this  plate  viz  please  have  *>,ne. 

*  „„„  how  to  make  speaker  dia- 

Moore  is  to  ,  _ 

dm.  .».»  >«««  >»«'  ■»  *"*  "  ,0Ik- 

.1.0  .or*,  out  .od  toadt.o  U  ”•»  ho”  *° 

fos  disks. 


You  Ghoul d  take  up  with  Weber  the  speaker  parte.  You 
are  making  6  model e  -  they  have  been  In  shop  over  a  month  - 
one  at  least  ehould  be  aeleoted  from  thoae  already  in  Moore* e 
poBBOBBion  and  turned  over  to  Weber  bo  he  oan  go  ahead  and 
devise  tools  to  make  them  with. 

It  la  beBt  to  make  no  change  whatsoever.  Moore  ie 
fully  informed  on  the  subject.  See  Weber  and  Moore  together 
and  Btart  Weber  straight  on  it. 

Anderson  is  to  furnish  Weber  the  working  drawings 
and  model  of  the  Horn  disk.  This  should  be  done  as  soon  as 
poeoible  so  we  get  it  out  of  Engineering  department. 

The  email  hornless  table  machine,  I  understand  will 
be  done  in  two  or  throe  daye  -  necessary  detail  drawings  for 
this  should  be  got  out  and  the  model  finished  and  all  turned 
over  to  Weber. 

The  only  unsatisfactory  part  of  this  maohine  is  the 
lege.  I  have  asked  Anderson  to  make  attachable  in  some  way 
a  variety  of  legs  so  we  oan  get  the  right  design. 

Regarding  the  50  l/B  tube  filling  machines  and  the 
other  machines  of  which  I  signed  an  order  today,  Anderson 
ehould  put  them  through  the  same  as  he  did  with  the  50  1/4 

inch  tube  machines  to  wit:  getting  bids  outside  and  making 
oertain  parts  in  Phono.  Works  and  Lab. 

Smith  will  prepare  drawings  for  the  tube  ringing 
and  others  machines  that  aVe  recessary  to  go  with  the  50 
loaders.  Please  help  him  out  in  the  draughting. 


Keep  up  experimenting  with  reotifiere.  We  muet  have 
something  for  the  1  Horse  and  sparking  batteries. 

I  am  giving  instructions  to  the  various  experimenters 
and  you  will  help  them  out  as  they  want  it. 

We  want  a  good  headlight  on  1  Horse  Ho. 3  wagon  for 
night  running. 

The  artist  who  is  making  up  Conoreto  Cabinet  -  I  ordered 
him  to  go  ahead  and  get  plaster  moulds  bo  that  he  oould  make  one 
big  cabinet  per  day  complete.  Please  look  after  this  and  he?;p 
with  any  hinges,  iron  reinforooment,  etc.  he  wants.  When 
you  are  satisfied  he  can  make  them  O.K.  and  cheap,  speak  to 
Weber  to  give  him  some  room  in  any  old  place  where  he  can 
mould  an^  make  one  per  day,  but  do  not  let  him  go  ahead  until 
Weber  imd  Dyer  are  satisfied  with  the  reBultB. 

Aug.  3,  1911. 

Messrs.  Edison  Baohman  &  File: 

General  report  on  Wagon  Ho.  2. 

Speed  runs  were  made  with  the  different  sprooket  com¬ 
binations  and  It  was  found  that  not  more  than  11 .BM.  P.  H. 
oould  he  made  with  16  oells  with  the  bent  gear  ratio  as  Beyond 
the  above  limit,  the  motor  speed  dropped  in  proportion  as  the 
gear  ratio  waB  lnoreaBed.  Therefore  to  get  the  epeed  oalled 
for  It  was  necessary  to  re duo a  the  length  of  aotlve  wire  on  the 
armature  so  as  to  bring  the  motor  speed  up  to  1800  and  adjust 
gear  ratio  to  give  14  M.  I.  H. 

I  decided  to  put.  the  armature  winding  and  8®Bmem1;s  In 
multiple,  thus  increasing  the  speed  and  at  the  same 
the  copper  seotlon  and  reduoing  the  armature  resistance  to  1/4 
of  its  present  value. 

This  oan  be  done  without  rewinding  and  will  be  ready 
Saturday  the  Bth. 

The  side  angle  frame  showB  tendency  to  buokle  back 
of  the  truss  rod  and  in  new  mounting  angle  seotlqn  will  have 
to  be  inoreaeed  as  well  as  trussed. 

Tie  rod  on  front  axle  broke  on  acoount  of  flaw  or 
oraok  in  the  rod. 

Hew  axle  received  for  shorter  knuokle,  also  2  front 


Ordered  Bteering  and  brake  rod  ends,  also  2  front 
side  springs . 

Laying  out  design  for  new  angle  frame  and  tfyatt 
roller  bearings  on  Jaok shaft . 

D.  M.  BLISS. 

August  14th,  1911. 

Mr.  Meadoworoft, 

55 rial  runs  at  14  M.P.H.  show  that  130  to  300  amps 
is  required  and  that  the  average  losses  are  8.6  volts  on  battery 
and  3  volts  on  motor,  controller,  &'  wiring  making  6.6  voltB  In 
all.  We  have  rewound  the  motor  to  16  volts.  Increased  the  length 
of  field  section  60$5  and  the  section*  of  copper  33  1/5# 

so  as  to.  got  the  H.P.  at  the  low  voltage  and  reduce  the  copper  los¬ 
ses  as  much  as  possible  on  300  amp  14-16  volt  battery  voltage. 

The  Motor  will  be  finished  tomorrow  and  test 
started.  The  new  motor  is  100  lbs  heavier  than  that  in  wagon  #  1. 

Detailod  figuros  will  be  given  as  Boon  aB  teBt  is 


D.IJ.  Bliss. 

AUgUBt  29th,  1911. 

Hess.  Edison,  Baohmann,  &  Beadoworoft. 

Preliminary  Test  of  ^  2  ^1™**  wagon 

£.*s  i1 “r^Hrss.r  r,,”,‘ 


ara*$!i£  s:  »*tsss?«ra.‘!«. 

The  heat  gear  ratio  on  16  colls  in  the  »*•■«* 

4  r  +«  i  This  riven  9o8B  milea  per  hour  v/ith 

ssg°;i.  "~i:  iiu  2U w.  *«<*  *” 14  ri“ 

320  lh  load. 

The  motor  will  deliver  up  to  6  H.P. 

a  change  gear  of  2  to  1  or  L  will  increase  the  cost 
would  he  necessary;  either  of  these  wiaj.  me 
of  construction  considerably. 

The  truss  rods  and  damps  on  the  present  light 

a  12  to  1  gear. 

The  curves  attached  show  that  tor 


for  the  Jaok  shaft  and  hall  hearings  on  the  motor  will 
improve  the  speed  S?1mi5  H 

tooSgh^O  milerpernhour  with  th" 

Eagle  Rook  .tbs.t*  on  .12  to  1  gear  is  the  limit.  _ 

1).  M.  Bliss 

Aug.  29th,  1911. 




-  16-A-8  "EDISON"  CELLS 









166.13  11.83  ml. per  hr.  1  to  5.8 

146.73  12.749  1  "  7.25 

164.68  14.70  1  "  7*25 

So.  9.27  1  "  12. 6 

66.20  9.73  1  "  15.08 

62.51  9.  1  "  18*86 

The  above  teste  were  taken  with  plain  bearings 
in  jackshaft.  Since  then  frame  has  been  rebuilt  ana 
Hyatt  rollers  put  in  jackshaft. 




100  OF  HUM 

"  24 

"  2B 
"  26 
"  27 

"  28 
"  29 

Amps.  9.5 
"  10.5 

"  io.e 

"  10.5 

"  10.5 

"  10.4 

"  10.5 

"  10.3 

"  10.5 

"  10.6 
"  10.5 

"  10.4 

"  10.3 

n  10.4 
"  10.4 

"  10.5 

"  10.5 

Hours  24 
»  24 

"  24 

"  24 

"  24 

»  24 

"  24 

"  24 

«  24 

"  24 

"  24 

"  24 

"  24 

"  24 

”  24 

”  zi 
Total  "  303 

Temperature  rlee  of  contact  plate  35°  c. 

Mo  appreciable  woar  on  oontaote  at  end  of  run. 

Teat  concluded  on  Sept.  29th  In  order  to  oomblne  the  unltB 
with  large  outfit  for  charging  delivery  wagon. 

S.  0.  Langley. 

October  7th,  1911. 

Messrs.  Edison,  Bachman  &  Meadowcroft: 



October  7th 

Both  headlights  went  out  just  after  leaving 
Bloomfield  Center.  Hound  connections  loose  *n  pl  E 

oonneotors;  repaired  same  and  completed  the  oourse. 

Arriving  at  Laboratory  at  9.60  P.  M.  found 
right  hand  angle  iron  broken  in  two  places ' °n<V 
riveted  to  casting  on  front  axle  and  the  other  break 
just  outside  the  jack  shaft  bearing,  as  shown  in  sketch 

These  breaks  were  caused  by  the  twisting  strain 
on  Chassis  and  vibration. 

Wb  are  now  changing  angle  iron  frame  work  to 
a  three  point  suspension,  which  will  give  greater  flexi¬ 
bility  to  front  wheels  without  affeoting  the  rest  of 
the  Chassis. 

OotoBer  7th,  1911 

Messrs.  Edison,  Baohman  &  Meadoworoft:- 


Aug.  28th 

Truss  rods  on  Both  sides  of  under  frame  work 
snapped  and  weight  of  Batteries  and  driver  in  front, 
spring  front  axle.  Truss  rods  were  replaced. 

Both  truss  rods  on  sides  under  frame  Broken 
again  By  Bumping  over  average  roads.  Truss  rods  re 
paired  again. 

Sent.  5th 

Both  trusses  snapped  again  and  main  chain 

leg  off  the  motor. 

The  spokes  of  front  wheels  loosened  in  huB 
partly  due  to  excessive  shook  and  wheel  Being  rim  Bound. 

The  wagon  will  now  Be  dismantled  and  a  new  frame 

■s  a 

work  is  much  stronger,  though  quite  springy,  and  should 
TQSilco  8.  good  substantial  rigging* 

Another  feature  of  the  change  is  the  "Hyatt" 
roller  Bearings  in  jack  Bhaft,  and  Ball  Bearings  in  motor. 



Sept,  25th 

Both  legs  Broken  off  sprocket  end  of  motor, 
aue  to  excessive  shook  from  humps.  ^f1?r^0"^PP°rtS 
fastened  to  motor  to  take  place  of  cast  iron  legs. 

Sept.  26th 

Iron  tire  of  left  front  wheel  came  off  at  Branch 
Brook  Park  leaving  tire  holts  in  wheel.  It  looked  as 
though  tire  was  not  shrunk  on  tight  enough  in  ^efirst 
place  and  that  the  holts  were  countersunk  too  deep.  Tire 
was  replaoed  and  special  attention  paid  to  shrinking  it 
on  properly. 

Hand  lever  on  upright  of  steering  arm  broke  at 
Silver  Lake.  That  part  of  steering  gear  was  taken  off 
an  old  wagon  and  whoever  made  it  put  too  J;a?fe eatffthe 
through  the  piece,  thus  weakening  it  where  it  gets  the 
most  strain.  A  new  piece  was  made  and  properly  hrazed 
in  place. 

Iron  tires  on  both  front  wheels  have  hammered 
out  from  rough  roads  and  4®  are  now  1/8"  smaller  in 
diameter  than  they  were  when  first  put  on. 

Rear  rubber  tires  out  very  badly  from  sharp 
cobbles  and  rough  road. 

Twisted  tapered  square  end  of  upright  on  steering 
gear  off.  There  was  no  flaw  in  the  metal  of  any  kind  an  _  ^ 
lust  have  twisted  off  due  to  excessive  strain  on  same  while 
going  through  deep  sand.  A  new  Piece  was  mad e  ' up  of 
Chrome  Nickel  Bteel  and  properly  adjusted  to  steering  gear. 

Two  bolts  holding  motor  down  snapped  off  and 
caused  the  breaking  of  one  of  the  ®Pp“til16 

the  motor.  A  new  piece  of  re-enforced  angle  ironwas 
put  in  with  new  and  perfect  bolts.  The  only  thing  ihat 
III  account  for  the  breaking  of  bolts  is  the  great  leverage 
the  chain  pull  has  on  the  motor.  A  suggestion  was  made 
to  support  the  motor  from  the  center  of  strain,  which  will 
be  taken  up  as  soon  as  possible. 

Bubb er  tire  on  left  hind  wheel  caught  in  sharp 
portion  of  road  at  Bloomfield  Ave.  &  Franklin  St.  and  was 
ripped  off.  Had  to  oome  in  on  channel  rim.  Hew  tire  was 
put  on  with  special  care. 

Commutator  end  motor  support  broken  off  at  Mont¬ 
clair  Center  when  going  over  some  bumps  in  road  at  good 
speed  and  motor  chain  came  off,  due  to  shifting  of  motor. 
Had  to  proceed  carefully  to  get  to  laboratory  without 
further  damage. 


About  700  miles  in  all  have  been  covered  by 
tests  on  the  road,  although  frantic  efforts  were  made 
to  keep  going  day  and  night.  800  pounds  were  carried 
throughout  the  tests,  the  loose  iron  in  rear  of  wagon 
bouncing  up  and  down  going  over  various  portions  of  the 
road  and  putting  greater  strains  on  everything  than  a 
solid  load. 

Through  the  rough  usage  the  new  under  frame 
work,  axles  and  jack  shaft  stood  up  very  well.  Motor 
performance  perfect. 

J.  T.  Chesler. 

Ootober  16th.,  1911 


"  13  a  i  xo.b  |  ®  , J 

as  somebody  removed  plug  from  cells  and 
charged,  j  Padlock  and  chain  v/ill  be  put 

13  ;  4  I  16.4 

3  at, Bloomfield  Center. 

Oot.  14  j  5  |  16.4  j 

n  14  '  6  !  16.4  j  -  I  — 

shaft  bearing;  bolt  was  not,  riveted  ove: 
off  from' left-hand  main  brake  stud  due 
I- - ....  j_  —a  »  Vm-fc  on  (brake 

i  Could  not  complete  Scotland  St. 

1  therefore  battery  was  not  fully 
on  plug. 

2  I  45  One  cC  the  wireB  in  head  light 
Twenty  minutes  were  lost  repairing  same 

cotter  put  in  t 
Oct.  14  | 

"  14  [ 

"  14  ! 

Oct.  IB  j 

Oot.  16  i 

Oot.  16 
"  16 

"  16 
power.  , 
on  stonej 

lost  bolt  fran  left  hand  jack 
•  properly.  Cotter  pin  sheared 
;o  brake  shaft  shifting.  Hew 
shaft  to  prevent  its  shifting. 

a  oo liar  put  on 

IB. 3 

|  16.4 
j  16.4 

.  !  Got  stuck  in  very  deep  mud  at 

St.  Had  to* wait  t|o  be  towed  out.  Completed  coTirse jn^its^ovm 

Stopped  by  patrolman  for  to  ex¬ 
amine  license  to  drive 

15  | Stalled  on  Scotlanfi  St.  CellB  not 

fully  charged  as  current  was  off  Sunday 

Iron  tire  on  left  hiand  fro 
j  pavements  and  t ir e,  bolts 

!  16.4 
I  16.4 

■  xy  j  xi  i  16.4 
.  Total  Miles  276.3 

3 wed  out.  compievea  course  uu  x  . 
jnt  wheel  came  loose  from  hammering  out 
jBheared  off. 

Hr.  T.  E.  Clarke,  Gen'l  Supt., 

The  D.  1.  &  V/.  R.  R.  Oo. , 

90  West  St., 

New  York  City. 

We  Beg  to  call  your  attention  to  the  dangerous 
condition  of  crossing  existing  at  Scotland  St.,  Orange,  N.  J. 

The  sharp  angle  at  this  crossing  and  the  large 
spaces  Between  the  Boarded  section  and  rail  makes  it  very 

In  order  to  cross  with  a  vehicle  it  is  necessary 
to  go  almost  parallel  with  the  tracks,  as  the  gasman's  shanty 
does  not  allow  driving  at  right  angles  to  the  railroad. 

Should  a  vehicle  get  caught  in  the  railroad  tracks 
it  would  Be  almost  impose iBle  to  flag  a  westBound  train  in 
time  to  prevent  a  Bad  smash-up, on  account  of  the  Big  curve  in 
the  railroad  approaching  the  Scotland  St.  crossing. 

Even  if  nothing  else  is  done  there  should  at 
least  Be  a  signal  put  in  siich  a  way  that  item' *eaetfrg£  ^ 
the  gateman's  shanty  ^ 

^f^hi^Wrto  pass  over  this  crossing 
at  all  hours  of  the  day  and  night ,  and  several  occasions 

wheels  caught  in  the  traoks  and  had  to  Be  lifted  out.  About 
two  weeks  ago  the  wheel  of  an  automobile  was  J^ged  Between 
rail  and  wood  planking  and  was  in  immediate  danger  of  Being 
wrecked  By  two  trains  coming. in  opposite  directions. 

We  hope  that  you  will  look  into  this  matter 
and  give  it  your  early  attention. 


Thanking  you  in  advance,  we  are, 

Yours  very  truly, 


October  18th,  1911 




„  ,«  19  9,2  a  4B  Steering  arm  on  upright  twisted 

-lower  bearing  for  upright  of  steering  gear  free  ting.  Had  to 

mahe^teiroorara^repairBon^road^and  return  to  Laboratory.  Steering  gear 

will  be**?  ixad^and^a  email  oompreeeion  grease  oup  put  on  the  bearing  that 

n_x  20  16.4  2  20  Pront  axle  broke  about  eight 

lnohee  from  left-hand  spring.  Could  not  tell  whether  a  flaw  or  weld 
gave* way  unt?L  axle** is 8 thken  out  and  examined.  Pront  tire  on  front  left 
Shields  rtSSt  3/16"  larger  than  the  wheel  allowing  1 «Pokes  to  loosen 
in  rim  and  hub,  making  the  wheel  too  weak  to  continue  farther  tests. 

Right  hand  tire  on  hind  wheel  worn  down  to  ohannel. 

A  new  axle  re-inforoed  at  the  epring  seats  will  be  put 
in  and  a  heavier  eet  of  Wheels  in  rear  with  larger  rubber  tiree  will 
be  substituted  far  the  present  lighter  carriage  wheels.  Speoial  steel 
tires  will  he  put  on  both  front  wheels  which  will  prevent  hammering 
out  and  stretohing. 

Total  miles  up  to  date  with  swivel  frame  318.3 

October  18th,  1911 

front  left-hand  Iron  tire  Btayed  on  Wheel  for  680  miles . 
Rear  left-hand  rubber  tire  lasted  through  700  miles. 

Old  frame  lasted  729  miles/ 

Rear  right-hand  rubber  tire  lasted  1041  miles, 
left-hand  Wheels  travel  over  roughest  part  of  the  road. 


20889:  Orange , 


scrantdn,  pa.  October  21,  1911. 
condition  of  Sootland  St.  orossing. 

Mr.  J.  T.  Chealer, 

o/o  Edison  laboratory. 
Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Sir : - 

I  have  your  favor  of  the  18th  inst.,  calling  at¬ 
tention  to  existing  conditions  at  Scotland  St.  orossing,  Orange, 
this  will  he  looked  into  at  once,  and  I  will  write  yon  farther. 

Oot.  £  6th, 3.911 


Ihe  following  is  a  record  of  the  amount  of  wear 
on  axles,  hearings,  ohains,  sprockets  eto.  on  #2  Delivery 
Wagon  after  running  over  selected  course  for  1000  miles. 

Wear  on  tapers  of  right  and  left  stud  axles 
.002"  to  .006" 

Bnd  thrust  wear  on  right  and  left  hand  Btud 
axles  -  .03126" 

Wear  on  jaok  shaft  .006"  to  .015" 

Weer  on  Hyatt  roller  hearings  in  Jack  Bhaft  - 
.004"  to  .013" 

Wear  on  solid  pins  from  main  chain  from  .023" 

to  .066" 

Wear  on  side  ohains  from  .002"  to  .006" 

Wear  on  differential  sprooket  from  .0626" 
to  .120"  per  tooth 

Wear  on  motor  sprooket  .002"  to  .008"  per  tooth 
Wear  on  side  sprockets  .002"  to  .006”  per  tooth 
Shere  is  no  appreciable  wear  on  bronze  hearings 

of  motor 
for  stud 

l  hronze  bushings 

There  is  about  .006”  wear  ( 
axlo  pin 

The  brakes  show  no  appreciable  wear,  excepting 
the  lining,  whioh  has  worn  to  a  smooth  surfaoo'  and  will 
probably  lost  six  or  seven  thousand  milos  more.  * 

The  end  thrust  on  stud  axles  can  ho  taken  up 
andjleBsened  by  fibre  washers. 

Hew  ohrome  niokel  steel  "Hyatt"  rollers  are  ' 

coming  through  for  the  jack  shaft.  The  Hyatt  Company  olaims 
that  those  rollers  are  better  Bulted  for  our  sorvioc. 

A  new  shaft  is  being  made  for  these  bearings 
and  will  be  hardened  where  it  engages  in  bearing. 

Had  to  put  on  a  new  roller  chain  for  main  drive 
88  the  old  solid  pin  ohain  wore  so  muoh  that  the  drive  was 
very  jerky  and  inefficient.  a£zEC 

sv^-a-tjU.  4*v 


Hade  a  teat  as  to  power  required  to  drive  the 
Jack  shaft  wheelB  eto.  and  got  the  following  results: 

Motor  running  free  through  resistance  35  amperes. 

Jaok  shaft  with  side  ohains  off  driven  with 
aolld  tin  ohaln  B-  57  ampereB. 

Jack  Bhaft  with  side  chains  off,  driven  with 
roller  ohaln  —  60  amperes. 

Motor  driving  Jack  shaft  and  hind  wheelB  jacked 
up( either  ohainY —  3  amperes  more  than  driving  jack  shaft  only. 

According  to  above  figures  it  takes  16  amperes 
to  run  jack  shaft  only;  we  could  not  determine  whether  this 
Iosb  was  most  in  jack  shaft  hearings  cr  in  chain.  Wflen  the 
new  rollers  are  inserted  in  their  housings  and  a  new  Bhaft 
put  in, this  teBt  will  he  repeated  and  a  report  covering  it 
sent  in. 

The  losses  shown  in  the  foregoing  would  tena  to 
raise  the  watts  per  ton  mile  and  the  test  on  another  sheet 
shows  it  at  161.6  wattB  per  tan  mile. 

3  I  j 

The  time  given  for  each  run  is  about  five  minutes 
in  excess  of  usual  time  and  the  drivers  should  he  able  to 
go  and  come  on  schedule  unless  something  happens.  That 
would  make  nine  runs  per  day  at  16.4  miles  per  run.  or 
147.6  miles  in  twenty-four  hours;  but  we  find  it  necessary 
to  grease  the  wheels  about  every  fifty  miles  and  that  would 
split  one  of  the  runs. 


#8  3SSMVBR*  «AOOH 

5s/,  /?// 

LEAVE  arr: 



LEAVE  arrive 


phd  3RD  3RD 


John  D  P.K. 
Chaa.  Poyor  6  A.M» 

10  S3.  11.40  8.10 

P„K.  A.M. 

10  5S.  8*20  4.80  10  M 

A.M.  A.M. 

10  a.  10.80  18.80  10  M 

A.M.  P.R. 

10  M.  6.80  0.60  10  11 

P.K*  P.H. 

M  M  mrt?  *»  to  «*»to  »oo»  «•  ’»ltee0 

jfoAjT  at  start. 

®1bo  cf  start 
Tine  of  finish 


All  AotallB  sb  to  looation  «Jo.  of  any 
whloh  night  ooour  v/hllo  on  their  runu. 

In  caBOB  tfhere  th«  vohlole  1b  stalled, 
voltage  oust  he  token. 

Occident  or  breakdown 
stalling  ourrent  and 

and  oan  ho  road  when  driving  hy. 











n  va  16.4  2  20  Soiaer  melted  from  one  of 

the  battery oonneotore  due  to  heavy  Raping  on  end  of  connector  not 
allowing  a  good  oontaot  with  battery  poet. 



Got  stuck  In  very  deep  mud; 
had  to  be  towoa  In. 

Grand  total  mileage  1180.1 

Total  miles  on  swivel  frame  up  to  date  451  miles 
Total  mileage  on  new  front  axle  and  new  l-l/2n 
rubber  tires  —  114. B 

Rosa  speed  test  with  16  oells  and  800  pounds  load 
(excluding  driver) 

Running  for  one-half  hour  to  uao  up  gas  voltage  we  got 
a  speed  of  9.5  miles  per  hour. 

Voltage  when  taking  off  charging  current  waB  25  volts. 

S^.Sr.?TS  !£!.”« ».«  tt.u  « » -i.  »•« 

the  rollers  la  the  Jaok  shaft  and  swivel  frame. 

A  speed  of  12.19  miles  with  800  lb.  load  was  attained 
with  a  ffeer  ratio  of  1  to  T.2B  ns  shown  in  report  of  Aug.  29tn. 
but  we  oould  not  climb  Eagle  Rook  Hill  with  ratio  under  such 

«  PA  <5P  16.4  ?.  56  Clicln  name  of?  on  Orange  Hd. 

26  32  gue  t0  lt  ))ojjr,E.  einol:. 

»  »H  a*  16.4  2  36  Chain  came  off  again  at 

Bloomfield  Ave.  Found  thread  stripped. on  easting  where  ohaln  tighten¬ 
ing  screw  oomob  through. 

Oot.  87  34  16.*  s  20 

Total  114.S 

Grand  total  mileage  1180.1 

Total  miles  on  swivel  frame  up  to  flat e  --665.8  —238.6 

Total  mileage  on  now  front  axle  ana  1-1/2  xuhher  tireB  E38.6 

Oot.  26th  measured  course  l/£  mile  lo»£ 


date  Him  BO.  ?BB  ttii-TP  HOURS  KXH«_ 

»  pi  Vt  16.4  3  IB  Got  etuok  on  Burnaifle  St.  several 

This  particular  net  of  Qolln  wore  on  charge  for  over  nine  hourn  at  from 
70  to  80  wnporou. 

Oct.  27  38 

Got  ef.ucfe  In  raufi  and  finnfl  at  Soot- 

5K^s-  A’aaaraff^  a 

ot  from  70  to  80  emporee. 

TaoJomt4^  gntii. 

Total  nileftKO  98.4  ’ 

Total  mileage  98.4  ' 

Grona  total  mllongo  1878. B 
Total  alien  on  swivel  Tran*  664.2 

Total  mlloe  on  new*£rcnt  exle  onfl  1-1.2"  robber  tlrae 


Bostoa  with  hanaioB  ami  hall  o:  otora  are  being  wafte  to  holfl  ' each 
temperature,  the  box  ahoitld  eliminate  that  difficulty.* 

H*  expoot  to  e«t  thoao  taxes  Kondp.y  oftornoon  and  e 
will  bo  started  bp  por  attaohefl  copy. 

ft  eohoflttlo 




20  Got  stuck  in  mud  on  Scotland  St. 
»  270.  Was  pushed  out  by  several  men 

Oot.  28th  41  16.4  3 

Voltage  dropped  to  7, Amps,  went  \ 
and  finished  the  run. 

Oot.  28  42  16.4  2  20  One  portion  of  Scotland  St.  is 

undergoing  repairs  and  the  dirt  and  oobbles  are  dumped  in  such  a  mass 
in  the  road  that  it  1b  finest  impassahle.  It  takes  a  little  more  time 
to  get  hy  that  point  now. 

oot.  28.  43  16.4  2  20  Coming  down  grode  on  Cherry 

St.  the  front  wheels  hit  a  oobhle  stone  and  Bkidded  into  raised  traok 
of  the  Eagle  Rook  Oar  Line.  The  force  with  which  the  wheels  struck 
the  traok^broke  the  hall  connection  from  righthand  knuckle  to  steering^ 
lever  and  the  wagon  humped  its  top  against  b  trea  and  smashed  ^e  front 
piece  of  roof  frame  work  and  tore  the  panel  hoard  roof.  M»de  temporary 
J - 1  road  and  fixed  the  hall  oonnectl  on  properly  at  Laboratory. 

Oot.  28  44 

Oot.  29 

Could  not  make  Sunday  morning  run  on  aocount  of  power  shutting 
down  at  12  P.H.  Saturday  instead  of  6  A.M.  Sunday. 


Total  miles 

i^^LThe  breaking  of  the  hall  oonneotion  was,  of J-ourSD,  aue  to  the 

great  strain  of  humping  into  oar  traok.  However ,  v*°” 

'steering  arm  is  ddeignod  a  stronger  hall  oonneotion  will  he  substituted. 

The  new  hardened  jaok  shaft  is  being  rushed  through,  ns  are  the 
new  enclosing  boxeB  ,f or  the  battery.  When  the  now  jack  1 

another  test  will  he  made  to  determine  the  losseB  in  transmission  eto. 

Total  miles  on  swivel  frame  729.8 

Total  miles  on  new  front  axle  ana  l-l/2"  rubber  tires  —  402.6 







,0  46  16.4  2  25.  One  off  the  pine  which  holds 

intn  hv  trolley  only  for  motorraun’s  quick  aoticoa  In  applying 

his  cm.  Steel  tires  atrting  to  hammer  out  on  front 

aftSatsis  .«tasa-  ass  sastry  s 

pretty  bad  and  has  considerable  play. 

nnt  30  46  16.4  '  2  45  The  tonneau  was  stuck  night 

on^part  of  the  , test  course  and  driver  of  wagon  stopped  to  help  fix  It. 

„  ^  ,A  *  p  .40  Trip  on  speedometer  got  stuck 

Oot*  30  *  and  would  not  register jstopped  to  fix  it. 

Oot.  31  48  16.4  2  26 


SStfarjJpSS  I* 

five  hours  charge  and  would  not  oomplote  the  coutbS. 

This  test  has  shown  us  that  it  will  he  necessary  to  do 

ootter.  These  pins  will  he  made  as  soon  as  possible  so  as  to  he 
ready  to  replace  the  present  ones. 

The  chrome  niokel  steel  roll or b  are  now  here  and  the  shaft 
iB  being  completed.  y 

;  Two  of  the  battery  oases  and. &  platform  truck  are^ completed 
and' will  be  put  in  servioe  bb  soon  as  the  casters  are  attached. 

A  layout  for  a  new  Bteering  arm  will  be  started tp-day 
and  made  up  ns  soon  as  drawings  are  completed. 

'JyfciC  </  <**&'  ■ 

KKOCRD  0?  TEST  P.UH  _ 



Oot.  31  50  16.4 

pnlloa  apart  and  Broke.  I 

Oot.  31 



*>  SO  The  links  in  motor  chain 

i  to  put  on  eolia  pin  chain  again. 

2  ie 

_  „  10.4  3  SO  At  Bloomfield  Avo.  Silver 

suspends  from  rear  axle. 

A  now  angle  iron  framework  is  Being  puehefl  through.  Built  on 


The  now  chrome  nlokol  stool  rollers  and  hardened  shaft  will 
also  he  put  *b  am  this  frame. 

Some  of  the  other  ohanges  will  Be  es  fbllowB; 

1st  -  Motor  supported  in  a  direct  line  of  the  chain  strain,  thus 
eliminating  the  leverage  on  the  Bolts  holding  it  Sown. 

2nd  -  A  change  of  aprooket  sixes  to  prevent  the  excessive  strain, 
and  tremendous  wear  on  the  motor  chain. 

3rd  -  A  now  and  substantial  steering  gear;  one  that  will  stand 
steering  through  deep  Sand. 

4th  -  Good  Phosphor  Bronae  Bushings  in  the  Wheels;  the  last  were  orders 
ed  Bronze,  But  proved  to  Be  only  ooapositicn. 

Btarted  on  the  regular  stool  tired  ones. 

6th  -  The  new  Battery  Boxes  « 1th  a  pigging  ^^.^doTO^the  time  of 

^isrsr'^SrtffSs  ««  «***  v*  <•— 

this  change  oennot  Be  made  in  the  Bhort  time  we  have,  it  Be  will  Be 

neoer.iiory  to  lot  the  motor  go  with  tho  plain  bronze  boards. 

at  S  SSSSiasSsK-. 

before  it  will  bo  ready  for  tGBt. 

The  total  railoafio  throng*  which  various  parts  of  wagon 
lasted  before  being  taken  down,  are  ns  follows. 

Swivel  frame  — 

Hew  .front  aacle  - 

Mew  rear  wlieelii  ana  tires 

Rear  axle  - 1~~Z~Z 

Internal  Expanding  Brahes - 

Mot  or  - - - 

Controller  - - 

Differential  - - - 

Differential  Sprocket  ~  — 

All  other  sprockets  - 

Both  side  ohains  - ~r~ 

Solid  Pin  Chain  -  —  abon 

- 627.8 

-  627.8 

-  1604.4 

-  1604.4 

-  1604.4 

—  1860. 

-  1604.4 

-  1604.4 

about  1300. 

Test  will  continue  < 


Edison  laboratory, 

Orange  ,  IT .  J  • 


With  referenoe  to  your  letter  of  18th  ult.,  I 
will  ask  you  to  read  the  two  communications  attached  from  our 
Engineering  Department  at  Hoboken,  which  if  not  satisfactory, 

I  will  appreciate  any  further  information  from  you. 

It  is  assumed,  apparently,  that  the  basis  of  your 
complaint  is  the  incident  occurring  to  an  automobile  which  you 
say  became  wedged  between  the  rail  and  planking  in  the  cross¬ 
ing  at  Scotland  Street,  and  which  our  people  believe  was  due 
to  careless  handling  rather  than  inferior  condition.  As  you 
know,  we.,  can  ^hardly  be  ejected  to  provide  for  such  exigencies, 
If,  however,  the  assumption  is  inoorreot,  I  shall  be  pleased 


In  regards  to  the  attached  correspondence  covering  Scotland 
Street  Crossing,  Orange,  H.  J.,  about  the  crossing  having  an  opening, 
between  the  rails  and  the  plank,  which  will  allow  automobiles  to  get 

in  between  plank  and  rail,  -  C 

I  \«|ill  state,  that  I  went  there  and  looked  at  thiB  crossing 
and  find  that  the  plank  is  groved  and  fits  tight  in  the  throat  of  the  rail 
which  will  allow  no  oars, to  get  in  between  the  rail  and  the  plank  what,  - 

isl^d  the^gate  tender  about  this  and  he  stated  that  the  man 
,  fbil/Wwn  the  track  0ff-~ the.  end  of  the  crossing  and  he  _ 

hoi]  thejautomobil*  wheel  from  the  track,  which  if  he  had  boen 

attj  fzu  business,  he  would  not  have  run  off  the  end  of  the 

Yours  truly, 

■  Roadnia'ster. 


Form  P.  A.E.l-A 


•A<  J.  NEATIE^  Anolataat 

Office  pf  Principe!  Assistant  Engineer, 

Hoboken,  N.  J.)“ctober  25,  1911 

Mr.  P.  Kierstead, 


Rear  Sir; 

Herewith  please  note  correspondence  covering  Scotland 
St.  Crossing,  Orange,  R.J.  xt  would.  seem  from  this  correspond¬ 
ence  that  there  is  an  opening  between  the  rail  and  the  plank,  look 
this  crossing  over,  place  same  in  A  #1  shape  and  advise  me  as  to 
its  condition. 

I  note  by  letter  attached  that  automobile  wheel  was 
fast  in  the  opening  between  rail  and  planking.  If  it  is  possible 
for  an  automobile  wheel  to  become  f astenedbetween  the  rail  and 
the  planking  there  is  something  radically  wrong  there.  Render 
me  report. 

Yours  truly, 


P.  A.E. 

Sot.  11th,  1911 

#8  miVSRY  WAG  OK 

She  frarao.  jackshaft  and  oprocket  cutting  1b 
completed;  also  hall-hoarlng  bh*«  with  new  supports.  The 
new  differential  nprooket  will  hold  np  the  complete  ^oeBbling 
bb  wo  have  «ecf  it  oat  to  ho  oaso  hardened  to  3.  k.  William 
&  Co.  of  Brooklyn,  end  will  got  it  Imok  eionday,  Sovenher  13th. 
WilliaBR  A  Co.  ware  the  only  poople  we  oouia  find  who  hod  the 
foollltiee  far  this  work;  it  wan  too  large  n  pieoe  for  ue  to 
do.  The  hardened  sprocket  io  an  important  point  in  our  ex¬ 
periment  e  and  it  will  bbto  tine  in  the  end  to  wait  far  Bane. 
Ab  aoon  bo  wo  got  the  differential  Bprocket  the  wagon  can  ho 
assembled  and  ehmilfl  ho  rondy  to  xnn  hy  Tneaday  Homing, 
Hoveraber  14th. 

Thero  ore  several  testB  I  went  to  make,  snob 
as  watts  per  ton  nil*,  opeed  eto.  end  thoue  will  ppt  the  en- 
dnranoe  run  off  until  Wednesday. 

We  will  not  wait  for  the  new  steering  gear  to 
he  finished,  hut-will  attnoh  same  Whoa  ready;  the  deeien  for 
thiB  steering  gear  is  nearly  a  completed. 

All  of  the  Machine  work  and  assembling  {excepting 
cicatrical  connections  Me  in  charge  or  Hr.  Sioolai. 

Tho  forging  for  the  wood  hlook  Wheel  has  boon 
ordered  ft- ora  HoDougall  &  Rotter  of  Sew  *«***»«  J®  ?iipp<,a 
bcro  tlKe  next  week.  I  *11  look  after  the  wooden  foment 
hlookB  and  hero  then  ready  to  aosmble  on  wheel.  The  endur 
raw®  run  will  he  node  on  the  oteel  tired  wheels  until  wood 
tired  wheel  to  oonpleted. 

Nov.  15th.  1911 

The  attached  prints  show  the  condition  of  part 
of  our  Endurance  Test  Course  on  Bloomfield  Ave.  just  helow 
Montclair.  It  will  probably  be  impossible  to  go  through 
this  place  for  a  month  or  two,  therefore'  it  would  be  best  to 
plot  out  a  new  stretoh/ 

Y/ill  you  go  over  the  course  and  see  what  can  be 
found,  or  shall  I  try  to  looate  a  rought  road? 


!(  (,o-o-wJL  ^  j UK.  *7  tfT 


^iSucc,  b'-~et  uti* 

£j(L  ttiic  t^zX  2-  f*-"" 



ef  I 

/ft,  tw^wl  ^C^cf  ^ 

Hot.  J20th,  1911 

08  *2  W5LIVBK*  VfAOOH 

She  wheels  of  wagon  were  Jacked  up  onfl  3*«m  for 
over  elx  hours  at  nonaal  epoefl  to  ctifle  up  JeoTcuhaTt 
bearings .which  wore  rather  tight  when  first  assembled. 
Borers?  tOBte  were  made  to  determine  Ihe 'moo 
rorolrlng  Jookshaft  end  wheels  at  a  not or  Bpeea  of  1400 
revolutions  per  minute. 

Sho  following  t 
without  load: 

a  the  figures  on  friotion  losses 






Kotor  running  free  at  1400  rev.  per  min.  140 
”  »  ^  Jackshaft  with  solid  pin 

ohaln  (motor  speed  1400  B.F.H.)  680 

Kotor  running  Jnokshaft  with  roller 
chain  (Motor  eiUa  1400  R.P.K.)  440 

Kotor  running  Jackshaft  6 
with  solid  pin  chain  on  motor  and  roller 
chains  on  Wheels  (Hot or  speed  1400  R.F.K.)  710 

Motor  running  Jaotahnft  &  dr Ito  wheels 
with  roller  chain  on  motor  ana  wheels 
(motor  speed  1400  R»P«8.) 

pu>m  the  foregoing  you  will  note  that  wider  the 
host  condition  (roller  ohaln)  there wu^ftT^Whether 
horso  power  lost  hetwoon  motor  and  Jackshaft.  Whether 
this  loss  is  in  the  chain  or  in  the  Jnokahn ft  hearings 
we  have  yet  to  determine*  at  any  rate  it  sect*  ahnorm*1. 
Tho  greater  loss  in  solid  pin  ohaln  showed  up  in  throe 
toots  wo  have  ran de  and  there  must  ho  more  friction  or 
areg  on  that  type  of  ohaln. 

The  hearings  on  Jackshaft  wore  shifted  about 
to  find  oh  easier  running  point,  hut  the  alignment  made 
Tory  little  differ cnee. 

^1  he  sswa* 

S  U  ototo  atfMghlBpi.a 

hearing  is  much  ahead  of  a 

plain  hearing. 

HOY.  21,  1911 

W4tt8  per  ton  mile  test  In  #2  Delivery  Wagon 
with  "Shock-Proof"  frame  and  hall  hearing  motor. 

16— A  8  "Bills on"  cells. 



(800  lh.  load) 

We  started  to  tow  wagon  to  course  with  full  load  in 
cells,  intending  to  run  gaB  voltage  off  near  the  course,  hut 
the  tonneau  would  not  pull  ns  up  the  hills  so  we  had  to  con¬ 
tinue  on  our  own  power  and  make  out  test;  this  brought  our 
running  voltage  down  to  18.79. 

Coming  hack  about  noon  from  the  toot  course  the 
wagon  hatt  ories  wore  put  on  charge  for  a  hooBt;  the  enclos¬ 
ing  cover  on  battery  box  was  not  removed.  The  gases  collected 
and  pushed  one  of  the  taper  plugs,  which  makes  connect  ion  to 
cells,  out .onusing  an  arc  which  ignited  the  gases,  exploded 
the  battery  box  ana  demolished  the  roof  of  the  wagon.  The 
wagon  will  he  in  condition  again  to-Horrow  morning  for  the 
balance  of  tests  to  he  made. 

Hoy.  24th,  1911. 


Four  runs  were  made  over  the  course,  a  total  of 
slactjpreight  miles;  at  the  start  of  the  fifth  run,  while  com¬ 
ing  atom’ Cherry  St.  the  front  wheel  of  wagon  struok  a  houiaer 
measuring  about  8  or  9"  in  diameter.  The  Bhock  broke  the 
angle  iron  frame  from  the  rear  axle  and  let  the  motor  down 
to  the  ground.  Ho  damage  was  done  to  the  tunning  gear  or  motor. 

The  frame  will  be  re-inforoea  at  those  points, 
ana  special  attention  will  be  paid  to  reducing  the  number 
of  holes  drilled  through  the  angle  iron. 

The  33  turn  armature  teBt  also  had  the  advantage  of  good  road 

The  33  turn  armature  would  he  all  right  If  it  oould 
he  operated  at  very  high  BpeedB,  hut  we  are  limited  hy  chain  losses 
Sue  to  high  speed. 

The  65  turn  armature  is  heat  at  very  low  spoede, 
about  400  or  500  R.2.M.;  this  slow  epeea  outs  our  power  down 
too  much;  we  are,  therefore,  completing  a  51  turn  armature 
wotrna  with  square  wire,  whioh  will  increase  our  sect!  on  or 
copper  considerably  and  raise  the  speed  to  working  oanaitionB. 
This  armature  will  ptrohAly  be  dene  next  week,  at  which  time 
another  watts  per  ton -test  will  he  taken*  In  the  meantime 
wo  will  start  our  regular  endurance  runa  to  teat  ohaaaiB, 
Wheels,  etc. 

Deo.  13th,  1911. 

The  endurance  runt on  #2  Delivery  Wagon,  with 
heavy  frame,  was  started  this  morning,  ana  out  of  six  runs  around 
the  course,  the  wagon  waB  stalled  three  times  rind  had  to  he 
towed  in. —  Sven  omitting  the  had  mud  in  Scotland  Street, 
the  runs  could  not  he  completed. 

The  reason  for  thin  poor  showing  may  he  due  to 
a  low  percentage  of  potash  solution  in  the  battery.  Kr. 

Smith  is  looking  into  the  matter  ana. will  make  a  test  on  some 
of  the  cellB. 

The  six  runs  made,  total  only  70.4  miles. 

The  front  axle  just  outside  the  right  hand  spring 
is  bent ,  ana  will  have  to  he  taken  out  ana  straightened. 

The  axle  will  have  to  have  still  heavier  ro-inforoement  at 
those  points  if  it  is  to  he  made  of  Norway  iron. 

Ho  holts  or  nuts  loosened  or  broke  off  from  any 
part  of  wagon  and  equipment  during  the  70  miles  of  teBt. 

yfi.  ,^—7  ib**'  fi*~=***^f^ 


Deo  eraser  ?.8th,  19X1. 

unman*  huh  oh  #2  Delivery  waooh 


Three  runs  wero  oompleted,  a  total  mileage  of 
46.8.  At  the  end  rf  third  run .the  hoard  to  which  front 
spiinge  and  axle  ia  anchored,  split.  This  strain  is  no 
doubt  due  to  the  front  wheels  striding  a  high  oohhle .which 
tends  to  stop  the  wagon  and  the  enertia  of  the  body  heavily 
loaded  which  keeps  on  moving  .thus  straining  the  anchoring  places. 

Two  tie  rods  (one  on  each  side)  will  be  run  from 
rear  axle  to  top  of  front  spring  to  help  hold  the  body  from 
moving  forward. 

.The  whole  course, must  he  run  over  hy  wagon  with 
Controller  on  full  and, brakes  open.  The  Controller 
shon-ld  he  - shut'  off  .Only,' when  foxinrt  necessary,  to. 
avpid.  accidents  „•  :  v  \  i 

.  .  .  Seek* 'rather  "than  avoid,  all  rough  portions  of 

the  road  and  run  into  it  full  speed  always. 

.  vFor  •  rsufeh  portion;  .of.  "road  whi  eh',  have  trolley  trt 
with  (whhle^stones.yhet.we'eji'.the  tracks , .  the  wagon  mu£ 
he;  run  half  '-oh  the  oohbie-'ctones  and  half1  on  the  rot 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Battery,  Storage  -  Delivery  Wagons  - 
Horse-Drawn  Wagon  Costs  (E-11-13) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
commercial  and  technical  development  of  Edison's  alkaline  storage  battery  and 
SgS^.ectric  delivery  wagons.  Included  is  data  from  a  survey 
of  the  operating  costs  of  horse-drawn  delivery  wagons,  conducted  under 
Edison's  supervision  by  his  assistant  William  H.  Meadowcroft.  Among  the 
participants  were  Bloomingdale's,  Borden’s  Condensed  Milk  Co  R.  H.  Macy 
a  rn  and  Saks  &  Co  in  New  York  City;  Abraham  &  Strauss  in  Brooklyn,  and 
? Bambedrgef|  So  an3  Hahne  &  Ca  In  Newark.  Also  included  is  a  sample 
of  the  letters  of  introduction  sent  to  would-be  participants. 

Less  than  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The  items 
not  selected  consist  of  duplicates,  additional  correspondence  with  participating 
firms,  and  questionnaires  containing  raw  data. 

March  3,  1911. 

By  dear  Hr.  Ismbert: 

I  am  obtaining  for  Mr-  Edison  some  date 
relating  to  the  coat  of .  operating  ana  maintaining  differ¬ 
ent  classes  of  pleasnr'e  and  family  vehicles  in  various 
localities,  including  automobiles,  gasoline  and  eleotrio, 
and  horse c  and  carriages. 

Knowing,  as  I  do,  that  you  uoo  a. team. of 
horses  ana.. several  ,horaa--drawn  vehicles ,  I^have  wondered 
whether  you  have  been  in  the  habit  of  beeping  anj,  aooount 
of  their  «mual  expense,  and  if  so  whether  you  would  pc. 
willing,  or  consider  it  too  muoh  of  a  bother  to  favor  me  _ 
with  some  figures  showing  approximately  what  it  would  cost 
to  maintain  such  an  equipment . 

Mr.  Edison ’ s  aesire  is  to  show,  if  possible, 
that  the  cost  of  maintaining  ana  operating  ™ 
vehicle  for  all  family  purposes  will  not  QX0®®fn^e 
of  horses  ana  carriage,  while  the  possiblpmileogewillbe 
muoh  greater.  Henoe,  in  showing  comparative  .figures  the 
first  cost  of  the  outfit  is  to  be  considered,  with  a  per¬ 
centage  allowed  for  annual  depreciation.  > 

On  the  side  of  the  electric  ho  would  also 
figure  the  cost  of  current  for  charging,  the  wages  of  a 
ohauffeur,  oil,  repairs,  new.  tires  and  repairs  on .old  tiros , 
ana  in  fact  all  expenses  that  can  be  foreseen,  including 
a  liberal  allowance  for  incidentals. 

In  the  case  of  horsos  and  oarriago,  bosidos 
considering  a  percentage  for  depreciation,  his  idea  is 
to  include  wages  of  ooaohman  and  stableman,  feed,  hay, 
straw,  shoeing,  veterinary,  repairs  and  renewals  on  har¬ 
ness  or  carriage,  with  an  allowance  for  incidentals. 

As  you  may  surmise,  Mr.  Edison  intonds  to_UBe 
this  information  in  a  booklot  which  is  being  prepared  for 
tho  benefit  of  persons  considering  the  purchase  of  an  elec- 

C.  lamljort ,  Esq. , 
Edge  -2* 

Uaroh  3rd,  1911. 


in  a  oonf iaential  light. 

I  taiow  that  you  are  a  veiy  tmsy  man ,  andthat 

i  -  -—^8st;wa?iS  assar s  ws. 

SotaSVXrSS  1.  ».t  »•«•*  «°  “v,“ 

Gentlemen: - 

I  am  developing  a  cheap  and  effective 
small  eleotrlc  delivery  wagon,  and  deBire  to  ascer¬ 
tain  the  actual  costs  of  delivery  hy  horse-drawn 

My  assistant,  Mr.  W.  'H.  Meadoworoft, 
who  will  present  this  letter,  haB  been  sent  hy  me 
to  various  concerns  to  ask  for  such  costs  and  other 
data.  The  information  thus  obtained  will  he  shown 
to  you  hy  my  assistant,  hut  without  revealing  names. 

I  am  giving  this  general  letter  to 
Mr.  Meadoworoft  so  that  he  can  go  ahead  collect- 
ins  this  data  so  as  to  have  it  ready  for  me  on 
my  return  from  Europe.  If  you  oan  see  your  way 
•  olear  to  furnish  such  costs,  it  would  aid  me 


How  many  deliveriee  will  each  wagon  average  per  day? 
Average  distance  covered  per  wagon  per  day? 

Cost  of  wagon,  single 

"  n  horse 

"  "  harness,  per  set 

Repairs  per  wagon  per  year 
n  "  harness  "  " 

Veterinary,  per  horse  per  month 
Shoeing  per  horse  per  month 

Stahling  per  month,  per  horse,  including  feed,  bedding,  etc. 
Stablemen  and  helpers  per  year,  (total) 

Depreciation  on  wagon,  per  year 
"  "  horse  "  " 

it  n  harness  "  " 

How  often  per  day  do  wagons  return  to  store  for  loading  up? 
How  long  a  time  is  spent  in  loading? 

About  how  many  hours  per  day  is  taken  for  deliveries? 

What  is  the  weight  of  average  load? 

If  practicable,  please  state  annual,  rent  of  stable  for  hors. 


John  Claftln,  Esq., 

Dear  Mr.  damn:  . 

I  am  developing  a  cheap  and, effective  small:  elec¬ 
tric  delivery  wagon  to  take  the  place  of  the  one  horse  delivery 

In  order  to  ascertain  the  condi tions  that  are  to 

introduction  to  a  number  of  concerns  in  various  lines 

strictly  confidential.  .  ■  •*  ■ .■  ■  • 

Ur.  Meadowcroft  will  present  this  letter  and 
will  show  you  a  tabulation  of  the  data  thus  far  obtained,  which 
his^Mn  furnished  by  all  the  concerns  to  whom  I  have,  applied  ex¬ 
cept  one.  . 

in  visiting  some  of  the  department  stores  in  Hew 

ad  to^under  .one  department  which'  was  inchargeofMr.  W.  C .  Mouee 
to  whom  he  gave  my  assistant  a  note  of  introduction. 


sv;rttn.ttJr‘rf4int?oSSct«Sd™s.ta  « «£*««• 

If  Mr.  MoOee  is  an  independent  operator  doing  your 
'  ery  for  your  Company  I  don't  suppose  his  decision  would  be  final. 

omicaland  satisfactory. 

What  1  am  aiming  to  do  is  to  provide  a  more  eoon- 
ictory .method  of  light  delivery  service,  and  it  „ 

John  Claflin,  Esq. 

Pago  -2- 

July  26th,  19X1. 

aeoms  to  me  that  the  interests  of  the  merchants  and  my  own  meet 
on  mutual  grounds.  With  this  idea  in  mind  I  am  asking  a  little 
cooperatioain  order  that  X  may  have  a  fair  idea  of  the  conditions 
which  at  present  exist  and  which  I  hope  to  improve. 

If.  therefore,  you  are  in  sympathy  with  my  object,  and 
deem  it  proper  to  aid  me,  X  shall  be  glad  if  you-will  kinder  1 Save 
the  enclosed  questions  answered  and  the  paper  forwarded  to  me  at 

I  am  Borry  to  take  up  your  time  with  such  a  long  lette 
Yours  very  truly. 


/?.  "hna-e^f  -  T&5 - 

Tlejjj  tfrry^_ 

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7'  ,  : 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Battery,  Storage  -  Delivery  Wagons 
Lansden  Company  (E-11-14) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
the  business  of  the  Lansden  Co.,  a  manufacturer  of  electric  wagons  in  which 
Edison  had  a  controlling  interest.  Included  are  expense  and  revenue 
statements,  along  with  inquiries  regarding  employment,  sales  agencies,  and 
customer  relations.  Some  of  the  letters  mention  the  resignation  of  general 
manager  John  M.  Lansden,  Jr.,  and  his  efforts  to  establish  a  new  company 
called  the  John  M.  Lansden  Manufacturing  Co.  The  correspondents  include 
Frank  L  Dyer,  president  of  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc.,  and  vice  president  of  the 
Edison  Storage  Battery  Co.;  Robert  A.  Bachman,  master  machinist  at  the 
West  Orange  laboratory;  W.  E.  Eldridge,  owner  of  the  Electric  Wagon  Co.  in 
Boston;  Ira  M.  Miller,  Edison's  brother-in-law;  and  John  H.  Vail,  former  chief 
engineer  of  the  Edison  Electric  Light  Co. 

Approximately  60  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
material  not  selected  includes  an  compilation  of  unidentified  expenses 
covering  the  period  1888-1890. 

I  rrniar. 

The  Lansden  Company 

Electric  Hagona  "T"YJ 

54  &  56  Lackawanna  Avenue 

Newark,  N.  J.  January  9  th,  1911. 

Mr.  E.F.  Hiller,  Auditor. 

Dear  Sir: 

Referring  to  telephone  communication  of  the  7th 
inst. ,  we  are  enclosing  herewith  summary  of  total  amount  of 
expenditures,  also  summary  of  total  amount  of  anticipated 
receipts  together  with  recapitulation  showing  that  our  cash 
requirements  for  the  balance  of.  the  month  ending  January 
31st,  1911  will  amount  to  $11000.00  over  and  above  the 
$6000.00  which  we  are  to  receive  to-morrow  the  10th  inBt., 
$5000.00  of  which  is  required  at  once,  $8000.00  on  the 
20th  inst.  and  the  balance,  $3000.00  on  the  31st  inst. 

Trusting  you  will  give  this  matter  your  immediate 
attention  for  which  we  thank  you  in  advance,  we  remain, 
Yoijrs  very  truly, 







Aoma  Drill  Co. 

The  Barger  Manufacturing  Co. 

The  Barlow  Foundry  Co. 

Baldwin  ChAin  &  Mfg.  Co. 

Bettes  &  Eh sen 
Briscoe  Mfg.  Co. 

The  BillingB  &  Spencer  Co. 

Brown-Lipe  Gear  Co. 

Edward  V.  Brokaw  &  Bro. 

Cary  Spring  Works 

The  W.T.  Crane  Carriage  Hardware  Co. 

James  A.  Coe  ft  Co. 

The  Croshy  Company 
Department  of  V/ater 
Diamond  Rubber  Co. 

Driver-Harris  Wire  Co. 

Eleotric  Motor  ft  Equipment  Co. 

Tho  Electric  Welding  Products  Co. 

Joseph  F.  Eberhard  &  Son  Inc. 

Edison  Stroage  Battery  Co. 

Empire  Auto  Supply  Co. 

TJieqEnglish  &  Mersick  Co. 

Faitoute  Iron  &  “teel  Company 
Peter  A.  Erasse  &  Co. 

The  Firestone  Tire  &  Rubber  Co. 

Freight  Handlers'  &  Railway  Clerks'  Journal 

General  Electric  Company 

0.  A.  Goldsmith 

The  Goodyear  Tire  &  Rubber  Co. 

The  Halle  Bros.  Co. 

Edmund  F.  Heath  &  Son 
George  Healy 

The  Hess-Bright  Manufacturing  Ms . 

S.  B.  Howard 

T.  P.  Howell  &  Co. 

U. T.  Hungerford  Brass  ft  Copper  Co. 

Hyatt  Roller  Bearing  uompany 

J.J.  Hookenjos  Co. 

Industrial  Wire  ft  Metal  Works 
International  Engineering  Co. 

International  Time  Recording  Co. 

H.  A.  Jaeger 
Phineas  Jones  &  Co. 

Y/illiam  A.  Jones  &  Son 
XI.  H.  Kemp  Co. 

Knuffel  &  Esser  Co. 

The  Kuebler  Fo\)ndries  Inc. 

Lebanon  Steal  Casting  Company 
Ludlow  &  Squier 

Lybrand,  Robs  Bros.  &  Montgomery 
Manhattan  Electrical  Supply  Co. 
Massachusetts  Chemioal  Co. 

Murphy  Varnish  Company 

Nans  Clock  Company 

The  New  Departure  Mfg.  Co. 

New  York  Telephone  Co. 

The  National  Saw  Company 
Newark  Glass  Co. 

New  York  Transportation  Co. 

Euge  ne  E.  Nice 

The  Neera  Manufacturing  Company 
Charles  R.  Partridge  Lumber  Co. 

Public  Service  Eleotrio  Company 


146 . 20 





75.00  approx. 











73.33  ' 



























325.00  approx. 


Wr  "  ‘  ' 

V)  •] 

Brought  forward-  - 

Bublide  Service  Gas  Company 

W.  Peterson 

Rising  &BThorne 

Roe  &  Oonover 

Royal  Ribbon  &  Carbon  Co. 

R.  E.  Rodriguez 
Sangamo  Electric  Company 
Shaw  &  Potter 

Singer  Sewing  Machine  Company 
Standard  Oil  Co. 

Thomas  A.  Sanford  Co. 

The  Standard  Welding  Co. 

Spring  Perch  Company 
The  Schwarz  Wheel  Company 
The  Sooville  &  -^eok  Co. 

J.  H.  Slfker 

Frederick  IT.  Sommer 

The  Tea  Tray  Co.  of  Hewartfk,  IT.  J. 

Tiblar,  Hart  &  Co. 

United  Manfuaoturers 

The  Veeder  Manufacturing  Co. 

0.  T.  Voggler  &>  Son 
The  V/agner-Field  C  o. 

Thu  Whitney  Mfg.  Co. 

Magnus  Wilson  Company 
Joel  H.  Woodman 
Orlando  "!.  Young 

Estimated  Pay  Roll  for  January  20th 
Estimated  Salaries  for  January  31st 
Estimated  Petty  Cash  Expenditures 



































Abraham  &  Straus 

The  Aome  Garage 

Adams  Express  Company 

Adams  Vehicle  Company 

The  Arlington  Company 

Bellevue  &  Allied  HospitalB 

California  Eleotrio  Garage  Co. 

Chamber  lin  Auto  Company 
Carew  Manufacturing  co. 

Columbia  Storage  Warehouses 

fdison  Chemical  Works 
dison  Phonograph  WorkB 
Fairfield  Dairy  Co. 

Federal  Storage  Battery  Car  Co. 

Firestone  Tire  &  Rubber  °o. 

Robert  Gnir  °omtany 
Green  °ar  Sight  .Seeing  °o. 
Hnmburg-Ainerioan  Bine 
A.  G.  Hyde  &  S0nB 
R.  H.  Macy  &  Co. 

Mandel  Brothers 
John  G.  Myers  Co. 

F.  J .  Newcomb  Manufacturing  Co. 

New  iork  Telephone  Company 
New  York  1’ransportatinnCompany 
New  York  &  Spr  '.ngfield  Despatch 
Siegie  Cooper  Co. 

Julian  B.  Street, 

J.  H.  Small  &  Sons 
Spaulding  &  Company 
Steinway  &  Sons 
Oscar  Tamms 

United  States  Express  Company 
WSlls  Fargo  &  Company  Express 
The  Williams  Printing  Company 
Winchester  Repeating  Arm. >s  Co. 
Wright-Diokineon  Hotel  Company 


































She  3ank  Balance  will  be  after  we  receive  the  $6000.00 
check  to-morrow,  January  10th,  1911 —  §3489.27 
Total  amount  of  anticipated  receipts  14766.52 
Total  estimated  amount  of  expendifares  $28265. 

Total  amount  of  cash  required  for  bal¬ 
ance  of  month  ending  January  31st, 1911, 
exclusive  of  the  $6000.00  to-morrow  10009.64 


The  above  estimate  is  based  on  the  assumption  that 
we  receive  the  Wright-Diokinson  Hotel  Company's  oheok  of 
$3500.00* (whioh  is  more  or  less  doubtful),  also  does  not 
make  any  provision  for  carrying  any  bank  balance  whioh 
should  be  at  least  $1000,00,  m§king  the  total  amount  of 
oash  about  $11000,00  providing  we  get  the  above  mentioned 

Amount  of  oash  required  at  once —  $5000.00 
Amount  of  cash  required  20th  inst.  3000.00 
Amount  of  oash  required  31st  inst.  5000.00 


The  Lansden  Company 

Elwtrir  Wagons 

54  &  56  Lackawanna  Avenue 

Newark,  N.  J.  December  14, 


Mr.  lansden: 

Inasmuch  as  we  have  keen  mrtlring  up  parts  at  a  rate 
in  excess  of  the  sales  ana  deliveries ,  it  will  he  neoessary 
to  settle  our  accounts  payable  on  the  basis  outlined  herein, 

in  order  to  maintain  present  credits. 

Operating  conditions  and  the  delay  on  battery  de¬ 
liveries  hase  prevented  the  shipment  of  a  number  of  wagonB  that 
could  have  been  realized  upon  before  this  time. 

As  you  will  note,  we  now  have  on  hand  and  in  Btook, 
materials  and  supplies,  orders  in  process  and  maohineB  repre¬ 
senting  a  total  outlay  of  about  §140,000.  She  disposition  at 
the  indicated  selling  rate  will  more  than  offset  our  net 

Our  cash  requirements  for  this  month  will  be  about 
$21000,  and  attached  are  the  summaries  shov/ing  the  total  amount 
to  beJ paid  in  December,  which  is  $33545.64  and  bIbo  total  amount 
of  anticipated  reoeipts,  which  is  $12692.55,  based  on  the 
assumption  that  we  reoeive  the  Olds  Wortman  &  King,  which  of 
oourse  is  more  or  less  doubtful  on  account  of  the  distance  the 
oars  will  have  to  travel  before  arriving  at  their  destination: 
The  difference  bei^g,  between  the  total  amount  to  be  paid  and 
the  anticipated  reoeipts,  the  amount  of  $20861.11,  as  shown 
by  summary  at  bottom  of  one  of  the  enolosed  sheets. 


Mr.  Lansden  12/14/10. 

Vie  are  in  immediate  need  af  at  leaBt  $10000  with 
which  to  meet  obligations  promised  foor  payment  on  Thursday, 
15th  inst. ,  $5000  on  or  about  the  22nd  inst.  and  the  balance 
at  the  close  of  the  month. 



Aome  Brill  Co.,  Ino. 

Aoma  Brill  Co.  _ 

Albert  &  J .1.1.  Anderson  Mfg.  Co. 
Baeder,  Adamson  &  Co. 

Balter  Printing  Co. 

Boston  Eleotrio  Garage  Co. 

Banister  &  Pollard  Co. 

The  Barlow  Foundry  Co. 

Baldwin  Chain  &  Mfg.  Co. 

Bowen  Mfg.  Co. 

Brisooe  Mfg.  Co. 

The  Billings  &  Spenoer  Co. 
Brown-Lipe  Gear  Co. 

John  Boyle  &  Co.  Ino. 

Edward  V.  Brokaw  &  Bro. 

Cammell  laird  &  Co.  Limited 

The  Carborundum  Company 

(Bary  Spring  Works 

Carter  White  Lead  Company 

The  Cinoinnati  Ball  Craak  Company 

The  Critohlay  Maohine  Screw  Company 

Centaur  Motor  Company 

Continental  Fibre  Company 

Commeroial  Photo  Co. 

Albert  0  Courter  &  Co. 

C.  Cowles  &  Co. 

Peter  Copper's  Glue  Faotory 
E.  L.  Cot tell,  Ino. 

Bepartment  of  Water 
BeForge  Belting  Company 
John  Besoh 
BeVoursney  Bro's 

R.  E.  Dietz  Company 
Briver-Harris  Wire  Co. 

William  H.  Edwards 

The  Eleotro-Bynamio  Company 

The  English  &  Meraick  Co. 

The  Fairbanks  Company 
Faitoute  Iron  &  Steel  Company 
Peter  &.  Frasse  &  Co. 

General  Eleotrio  Company 

C.  A.  Goldsmith 

Grab e -McGovern  Company 

Hardinge  Bro's 

Edmund  F.  Heath  &  Son 

George  Healy 

Heller  Brothers  Company 

S.  Hoffnung  &  Co.  Limited 
The  F.7f.  Horstmann  C  o. 

Homar  Brass  Works 

T. P.  Howell  &  l*o. 

U. T.  Hungerford  Brass  &  Copper  Co. 
Industrial  Wire  &  Metal  Works 
Phineas  Jones  &  Co. 

Jones  &  Lams  on  Maohine  Co. 

William  A.  Jones  &  Son 
Keuffel  &  Esser  Co. 

The  Kuebler  Foundries  Ino. 

Lebanon  Steel  Casting  Company 
Ludlow  &  Squier 

Lybf and ,  Ross  Bro's  Sc  Montgomery 

The  E.R.  Merrill  Spring  Co. 

Miohllin  Tire  Company 

Miller  &  Company 

The  MillerB  Falls  Company 

Murphy  Varnish  Company 






























































The  Rational  Look  Washer  Co,  39.28 

Carried  Forward  -  $  16353.68 


Brought  Forward 

Newark  Gear  Cutting  Machine  Co. 

NewYork  Telephone  Co. 

The  National  Saw  Company 
Newark  Glass  Co. 

New  iork  Transportation  Co. 

Newark  Glass  Depot 

The  Pantaaote  Company 

Charles  R.  Partridgd  Lumber  Co. 

Patriarohe  &  Bell 

Publio  Servioe  Eleotrio  Company 

W.  Peterson 

The  Power  Wagon 

Radium  Steel  Company 

Rising  &  Thorne 

Roe  &  Conover  ^  m  .  .„+ 

Robert  L.  Ross .Receiver  lBt  Taxing  District 

Rogers  &  Company 

R.E.  Rodriguez 

Sangamo  Eleotrio  Company 

Searla  Manufacturing  Co. 

D.  !’•  Segelke 
Shaw  &  Petter 

Singer  Sewing  Machine  Company 
Standard  Oil  Co. 

Standard  Roller  Bearing  Co. 

Strieby  &  Foote  Co. 

Spring  Perch  Company 
The  H.D.  Smith  &  Co. 

The  Sohwarz  Wheel  Company 

Frederick  N.  Sommer 

S.  A.  Stephens 

H.  G.  Shepard  &  Sons 

Cornelius  Ten  Eick 

Trenton  Spring  Mattress  Company 

Irving  Underhill 

United  Manufacturers 

United  States  MoAdamite  Metal  Co. 

The  Veeder  Mfg.  Co. 

0.  T.  Yogeler  &  Son 
The  Wagner-Field  Co. 

The  Western  Ufaion  Telegraph  Company 
Weston  Electrioal  instrument  Company 
W.  A.  Whitney  Manufacturing  Company 
The  Whitney  Mfg.  Co. 

Magnus  Wilson  Company 

Yale-Prinoeton  Sffioial  Souvenir  Program 
Orlando  W.  Young 
Madison  Square  Garden  Co. 

S.  A.  Miles 

Estimated  Pay-RollDue  Deoember  83rd,  1910 
Estimated  Salaries  Due  Deomeber  3lBt,  1910 
Estimated  Incidental  Expenditures 


















































Total  Amount  to  be  paid  in  December —  $33543.64 



Abraham  &  Straus 
AdamB  Express  Company 
The  Arlington  Company 
Commonwealth  Edison  Company 
E.  J.  Davern 
Edison  Chemioal  Works 

Edison  Eleotrio  Illuminating  Co.  of  Brooklyn 
Edison  Phonograph  Works 
Firestone  Tire  &  Rubber  Company 
Globe  Storage  &  Carpet  Cleaning  Company 
The  Halle  Brothers  Company 

James  A.  Hearn  &  Soft 

Lewandos  French  Dyeing  &  Cleansing  Company 
John  G.  Myers  Co. 

F.  J.  Hewoomb  Mfg.  Co. 

Hew  York  Telephone  Co. 

Hew  York  Transportation  Co.  .  _  _ 

Olds  Wortmann  &  King  $6100.00 

*  Less  commission  610.00 

The  Presbyterian  hospital 
Rochester  Railway  &  Light  Co. 

Siegel  Cooper  Company 
Osoaf  Tamm 

Y7ells  Fargo  &  Company,  Express 

Total  Amount  of  Anticipated  Receipts - 

























Total  Amount  to  be  paid  in  Deosmber  1910--  §33643.64 

Total  Amount  of  Anticipated  Receipts - 

Total  Amount  of  Cash  required  for  month-— 

The  Above  figures  are  based  on  the  assumption 
that  we  race  ive  the  oheck  from  Olds  Wortman  &  King 
which  however  is  more  or  less  doubtfull  owing  to  the 
fact  that  the  oars  representing  this  amount  are  on 
their  way  to  Portland,  Oreganq  which  will  take  consider¬ 
able  time  before  they  arrive  at  their  destination. 

yprjTjJs®  f  g.pT.?*rm 

The  Lansden  Company 
lElprtric  Uagnna 

54  &  56  Lackawanna  Avenue 

Newark,  N.  J.  January  1G,  1911. 

Ur.  H.P.  Hiller,  Auditor, 

The  Lansdon  Company, 

Orange ,  N.  J . 

Dear  Mr.  Millers 

In  compliance  with  your  request  of  the  14th 
inst.,  you  will  find  enclosed  herewith  statement  of  sales 
for  the  six  months  of  June,  July,  August,  Septmeher, 

October  and  November,  also  separate  sheet  showing  the  date 
when  the  various  salesmen  were  hired. 

Yours  very  truly, 





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Perhaps  you  do  not  know  that  the  ton-mile 
operating  cost  of  electric  commercial  vehicles  ■ 


say  nothing  of  the  fact  that  the  maintenance 
and  repair  cost  is  only  a  fraction  of  that  of 
the  gasoline  car. 

Perhaps  you  do  not  know  that  the  chances 
are  about  five  to  one  that  your  hauling  re- 

One  of  8  Luideni  in 

1 1: ~ ^  !  .  '■  ■■  ’  ’ -  1  In 

quires  electrics  rather  than  gasoline  vehicles. 

Perhaps  you  do  not  know  that  the  oper¬ 
ating  and  maintenance  cost  of  Lansden  Elec- 
!  trie  Wagons  is  the  lowest  yet  reached  by 
any  commercial  vehicle. 

Perhaps  you  do  not  know  that  some  of 
these  Lansden  Wagons  have  been  in  service 

One  of  18  Unident  in 
Macr’a  Service 

today  on  their  original  Edison  Storage  Bat¬ 
tery  equipment 

We  have  specific  information  which  you  ought  to  have. 

We  will  send  it  or  bring  it,  if  you’ll  phone  or  write. 

The  Lansden  Co.,  233-235  High  St.,  Newark,  N.  J. 

i  a,  |r  . 


Q)^  n^5  J^  ‘d3cn 

Permit  me  to  submit  to  you  the  following  suggestions, 
whioh  if  accepted  /by  you.jf  will  agree  to  put  into  contract  form 
with  a‘  Stock  Company  and  proper  guarantee  of  faithful  preflor- 
mance  of  sucli  contract. 

t .you  are  purchase  and  pay  for  4  Laneden  '.'/ago ns  1000  lb. 

'  capacity  with  60  A  6  Batteries  as  may  be  later  agreed  between 

2  nd.You  are  then  to  turn  over  such  4  Wagons  together  with  o 

Wagons  now  owned  by  you  (  to  be  in  good  condition)  to  a  Stock 
Company  to  be  formed  by  me  with  the  understanding  that  suen 
Con® any  will  under- take  and  will  take  care  of  such  g  i.anoden 
V/agons  as  follows, Furnish  Garage, I.lectricity.for  daili  runs 
( 35  miles  for  A  4  Battery  Cars)  and  (50  miled  for  A6  Battery 

Cars)  Tires, Painting, Repairs, Electrician, Drivers, and  Insurance 

for  .a  period  of  Five  Years  from  September  lot  1911. 

3rd  You  are  to  pay  for  such  service  above  mentioned  the  sum  of 

$235.00  per  month  (26  days), per  Wagon  and  make^ such  payments 
the  5th  of  each  month  following  the  month  in  wnich  service  was 

4  th.You  are  to  have  monthly  access  to  Companies  Records  ofyour 
service  and  if  there  is  an  excess  of  change,  at  end  of  each  ^ 
year  ufter  allowing  10#  of  operating  east  to  the  Company  the 
same  is  to  revert  back  to  The  Halle  Bros  Co. 


\j  ’■  ■■ *** 


\) Lo*  -f  f 



»  29-6~27«ll«Bri».-  •  • 

-f lAHSfiBN'y'OHW  M-  JR.... 
•rAfea  about  40  .married. 

. .  .kevahk,k.j. 

467  Broad  Bt. 

,  ijreeman  stated  to 

J  J  A*  cfcove  address  Juno  27,1911  peo 
rour  ,  reporter  in  substancei »b follows:  will  not  be  he: 

#  "J*r*  Tansden  Is  on  ^ryd^  first  of  July  mb  will  probably 

<W*this  ws.ek.  Some  tills  after  thsrirst  ox  <  J  Bden  Co.,but  probably 

^•lBopxpar.atB.  Wo  will  not  inoorpoiat  w“1T£aJ^acture  an  electric 

•»’M  tha  John  M.  ^aAaden^a.  -the  truck  will  not  be  knoum 

1  ^tiru*  on  a  new  deslp  of  Iff.  T^sden,  s^^taka  a  conposite  name 

1  «*»as  the  Iansden  &«  U»  sdan  Co.  Aaaociated  with 

'  'f"for  it.  1  was  fo marly  tilR  folio  winp.  men , 'Who  -were  all 

,  lansden  in  hia  new  venture  are  the  felOowina^^ 

r.conh>>ted.with  ^J^a^Co,  L-, 

'  ‘3KSSSi*»»~^SJSSS : 

*1”‘  ““ST”"*  °f  ®“ 




V  «S9S:ae» 

t)  ?5.t‘S4k^1§,S5af^n.r»t  i““w  “  >*y- 


1  Sflfl 

Mr.  H.  F.  Miller 

July  5,  19 li¬ 

re  turn  herewith  commercial  report 

on  Ur-  Ians  den.  I  do  not  see  how  there  could  he  any 

objection  to  the  corporate  name  of  "John  M.  lansden  Mfg. 
Co."  As  soon  as  you  can  ascertain  the  design  of  their 
proposed  truck  and  the  name  they  intend  to  call  it,  I  wiBh 
you  would  let  me  know,  because  if  anything  in  the  way  of 
unfair  competition  develops  we  want  to  be  prepared  to  move 




Mr.  Edison: 

I  thought  probably  you  wanted  to  make  a  barrel 
of  money,  eo  I  out  this  dipping  from  the  ITewark  Evening 
lews.  I  am  getting  a  disinterested  party  to  write  flews 
Office  Box  75  to  find  out  full  particulars.  In  all 
appearances  this  is  the  new  lansden  Company.  It  might 
possibly  be,  as  you  stated,  that  the  angel  has  not  yet 

Mr.  Edison: 

Replying  to  your  memo;  we  are  plating  the  strip 
stook  for  nickel  tube  6/lOth  instead  of  4/l0th.  Change 
was  made  on  July  6th.  Ribhon  for  the  iron  -fcaokets.  we 
have  made  no  change,  as  I  understood  it  was  not  neoessary, 
they  being  plated  4/lOtli.  - 

The  other  night  at  the  laboratory 

you  asked  the  weights  of  the  different  size  motors  being 
used  by  the  lansden  Co.,  whioh  I  could  not  answer  offhand. 

Motor  #1026  -  60  volt  -  40  amperes ,, 1000  revo¬ 
lutions,  weighs  310  lbs. 

Motor  #1022  -  60  volt,  60  amperes  -  1100  revo¬ 
lutions,  weighs  380  lbs. 

Motor  #1027  -  05  volts,  60  amperes  -  900  reso¬ 
lutions,  weighs  660  lbs.  N>'— 

'V 4 

yCo-h&r  11,  19U^\ 

ft  y)\ 



i  Company,  lias  stated  \ 

■  The  Electric  Wagon  Company 

EN  ’  Sole  Agents  for 

ns.  -  jjjjjp  Canabfn  ffinmyatty,  of  Sfmutrk,  N.  3. 

N  ”  ~~  .  I 

RY  35  Federal  Street,  Boston/  , /  / 

Room  521  ft  (A  ft  x  ^  . 'ft 

ft/  vv  A  ft  ft/\ 

ft  ft' 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  y  v\ v  A  /  f  j 

West  Orange,  H.  J.  jJ>  J.v  .d  \S 

Dear  Sir:-  ^  A 

Idr.  H.  E.  Killer,  Treasurer  of  The  lansden  Company,  has  stated  \ 
•In  mo  In  writing  that  you  aro  the  sole  owner  of  the  Company.  . 

1  have  been  seriously  imposed  upon  hy  the  management-  of  The 
lansden  Company.  I  can  get  no  satisfaction  from  anyone,  and  so  feel 
that  nothing  is  left  hut  to  state  my  case  to  you,  although  it  is  with 
reluctanoe  that  I  trespass  upon  your  time. 

On^aro^lSth.^ldl]  I  entered  into  an  arrangement  with  The 

“”BJ“  0OKS!t“.tS*dS  ;S1&“!S*-"dmo»,tx.«o..»  OJ  — ...1 

vehicles  prove  nothing  and  are  a  waste  of  time  and 

insisted  that  two  "demonstrators"  he  ordered  and  refused  to  make  the 
arrangement  otherwise.  Accordingly  two  wagons  were  ordered  -  a  1  ton 

a  Kr.  Korgan  stated  that  he  had  a  1  ton  wagon  on  hand,  "practi¬ 

cally  new"  which  he  desired  me  to  take.  X  agreed  without  seeing  it  - 
unfortunately.  When  it  came  I  found  that  it  must  have  been  run  many 
thousand  miles.  The  tires  were  half  worn  out,  the  body  old,  rough  and 
hastily  painted  over.  It  was  neither  "praotioally  new’  nor  fit  for  a 
"demonstrator"  even  if  one  had  been  needed. 

The  statements  as  to  the  conditions  of  the  wugon  and  the  neces¬ 
sity  for  its  being  purchased  constituted  misrepresentation. 

Ur.  Morgan  simply  unloaded  some  dead  stock  at  an  exhorbitant 

price.  ^  the  meantime  X  hqd  gone  to  considerable  expense  getting 
ready  to  push  the  sale  of  the  Lansden  product.  I  engaged  a  capable  man¬ 
ager  for  the  agency,  hired  an  office  and  a  man  to  operate  the  "demonstra¬ 
tor".  Advertising  in  the  papers  was  started,  and  a  few  truokB  sold,  in 
the  first  flush  ,of  enthusiasm  I  did  not  ship  back  Mr.  Morgan  s  gold 
brick"  as  X  should  have,  but  tried  to  make  shift  with  it.  I  soon  found 
that  the  wagon  was  doing  more  harm  than  good.  _  _  ,  _  . 

Soon  rumors  began  to  come  along  that  The  lansden  Company  would 
get  out  new  and  better  modelB.  Realizing  that  it  was  useless  to  try  and 
get  business  with  models  about  to  become  obsolete,  I  cancelled  the  order 
for  the  2-ton  wagon,  and  put  the  1-ton  on  storage. 

On  July  14th  I  made  the  request  that  the  la$3.den  Company  take 
this  1-ton  wagon  off  my  hands. 

On  July  21st  I  asked  for  a  reply  to  this  letter. 


The  Electric  Wagon  Company 

Sole  Agents  for 

©Iff  Satiaton  (Enmpany,  nf  Newark,  N.  3. 

35  Federal  Street,  Boston 
Room  521 


On  August  3rd  1  asked  again. 

Soon  after,  Mr.  Doty  came  here,  listened  to  my  statements  and 
agreed  to  have  in  my  hands  hy  the  following  Monday  a  proposition  to  take 
hook  the  wagon. 

nothing  happened. 

On  Aug.  25th  I  wrote  to  inquire. 

On  Aug.  31st  I  wrote  again. 

On  Sept.  7th  Mr.  Doty  wrote  "we  are  making  an  effort  to  dis¬ 
pose  of  it  for  your  account,  so  far  without  suooess." 

On  Sept.  13th  1  v/rote  protesting  against  such  evasion. 

On  Sept.  30th  I  wired  "Must  have  reply." 

On  Oot.  3rd  Mr.  Doty  writes  "suggest  you  sell  the  wagon  at  a 
price  which  will  oover  your  investment  in  it."  (Mr.  Doty  knows  it  cannot 
he  done. ) 

My  Lansden  experience  has  cost  me  about  $1300.  spent  for  ex¬ 
penses  plus  $1500.  paid  on  account  of  the  truck.  Credit  is  due  to  me  for 
commissions  on  sales  to  the  Boston  Rubber  Shoe  Oo.,  She  Dowell  Electric 
light  Co.,  and  the  Mass.  Homeopathic  Hospital.  Ho  proper  accounting  has 
ever  been  rendered. 

My  means  are  limited  and  this  is  a  serious  matter  with  me. 

I  entered  into  the  arrangement  in  good  faith,  and  I  have  been 
abominably  treated. 

I  have  every  confidence  that  you  will  promptly  see  to  it  that 
what  is  right  shall  be  done. 

Very  trulvvouss, 

The  Lansden  Company 

October  14,  1911. 

Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  II. J. 


We  enclose  yon  herewith  invoioe  for  cards 
ordered  by  Mr.  Miller  and  Mr.  Bachman,  and  delivered 
to  them  some  time  ago. 

Yours  very  truly. 




October  20th  1911. 

Ur.  T.  X.  Xldridge , 

c/e  Electric  Wagon  Co., 
yodaral  Stroot, 

Bootcit,  Mob*. 

Door  Sir:- 

Bop  lying  to  your»  of  th#  XI th 
regarding  the  demonstrating  wmgon  okich 
Ur.  Uliu  directe  no  to  write  you  that 
tho  mtter,  and  will  write  you  shortly. 

Yeure  rery  truly, 

E.  7.  Killer 


you  haws  on  hand, 

Be  in  investigating 




October  24,  1911 • 

Ur.  H.  P.  Uiller ,  Sooretary, 

laboratory  of  Thorn s  A.  Edison, 
Orange,'  II.  <3 ■ 

Bear  3ir:- 

1  have  your  favor  of  the  20th  inst.  and  feel  much  relieved  to 
hear  that  Ur.  Edison  is  investigating  the  natter  about  which  X  have  been 


1  note  that  you  ask  what  X  consider  a  fair  settlement  of  the 
natter.  I  think  that  I  should  be  permitted  to  return  the  wagon,  receiv¬ 
ing  back  the  S1500.  which  I  paid  upon  it.  I  think  that  I  should  also 
receive  the  amounts  of  commissions  due  for  sales  made  of  lansden  wagons, 



oot.  26,  1911. 

Mr..  Edison: 

As  par  your  request  to  investigate  the  transaotions  Mr.  lansden 

ing  that  it  had  been  doing  service,  and  for  that  reason  offered  them 
a  speoial  inducement  on  same. 

I  believe,  however,  that  Mr.  Eldridge  was  not  used  properly  in 
the  matter  in  as  much  as  he  was  told  that  the  wagon  had  run  hut  500 
mUefanl  probably  had  gone  25000  miles.  The  chains. fftooW.  .nj 
ti-rnn  ware  worn  badlv  and  the  body  was  poorly  constructed,  but  X  nave 
been  informed  that  Mr.  Eldridge  had  seen  the  n^^tion 

was  apparently  satisfied.  This,  however,  is  not  reliable  information. 

Mr  Eldridge  used  this  particular  wagon  to  make  a  demonstration 
to  the  Lowell  Eleftrio  Light  Oo. ,  on  the  strength  of *whioh  ho  made  a 
sale;  also  a  wagon  praotioally  in  the  same  conditionmStha  one  Mr. 
Eldridge  had  bought.  This  is  the  wagon  we  had  to  talkback  and  were 
allowed  §5  00  per  day  while  being  in  use.  We  never  had  received  pay¬ 
ment  on  the  maohine,  so  this  was  the  best  arrangement  I  oould  make. 

You  will  note  from  Mr.  Eldridge *s  letter  that  claims  com¬ 
mission  2n  this.  I  can  only  say  that  if  Mr.  Eldridge  thought  his  deal 
an  unfair  proposition,  why  should  he  claim  commission  on  a  similar 
one  which  he  personally  made.  I  would,  however,  recommend  you 

give  Mr.  Eldridge  a  check  for  $1600.00  and  he  return  the  “achineto 
us  and  lose  the  $720.00  which  was  due  him  for  commission.  Mr.  Eldridge 
is  a  personal  friend  of  John  Lansden  and  I  was  told  ^ Mr.  Lansden 
■aoranMniiir  on  the  first  dav  of  May  that  he  would  have  Mr.  Eldridge 

ibis  Sartioullr  maohine  tons,  and  he  would  use  him  as  soon  as 
he  o^ld  JetPstaitei  L^usiSess  again.  Later  on  Mr  Bee  informed  me 
Of  the  same  saving  that  we  oould  Sever  hold  our  Boston  Agents,  as  they 
were  Lansdei  peoplf  and  condemned  the  Edison  proposition  from  the  be¬ 

Mr.  Eldridge  is  in  error  when  he  says  we  have  not  made  replies 
+n  bin  letters  The  onlv  ones  we  ignored  were  when  he  asked  for  com 
miss ion^on^the ' Lowell°Eleotrio  Light  Co’s  wagon  which  we  had  to  take 
haok.  I  do  not  know  whether  this  is  the  information  you  are  looking 
for-  other  than  this,  I  am  unable  to  give  you  any,  as  these  arrange- 
ments  were  made  between  Mr.  Eldridge ,  Wallace  and  Morgan  personally  and 
there  was  no  correspondence  relating  to  same  . 


October  28th  XI. 

W.  K.  Kldridge,  Eeq., 

178  Derenehire  Street, 

Beaten,  H«»». 

Dear  Sir:- 

Replylng  te  yeur  latter  of  the  24th 
inatant  Mr.  Kdiaen  haa  inferaed  the  writer  that 
if  you  will  return  the  truck  and  Eire  a  full 
release  of  all  claina  he  ia  willing  that  the 
Lanaden  Company  ahould  eend  you  a  check  far 
Piftee*  hundred  ($1500.00)  Dellara,  on  receipt 
of  wagon  at  Newark,  and  will  cancel  yeur  agency 


Yeuro  rery  truly, 





October  50,  1911. 

Hr.  H.  S'.  Miller, 

laboratory  of- Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Oran  go,  IT.  J. 

Dear  3ir:- 

In  replying  to  your  letter  of  the  20th  inst.  X  would  say  that 
X  must  decline  to  accept  Mr.  Edison’s  offer. 

Fifteen  hundred  dollars  is  due  me  to  refund  the  amount  paid 
by  me  on  account  of  the  truck  shipped  to  me. 

Chere  is1  also  due  to  me,  as  per  contract,  commissions  on  the 
sale  of  lansden  trucks  to  the  3oston  P.ubber  Shoe  Co.,  Massachusetts 
Homoeopathic  Hospital  and  the  Lowell  Electric  Light  Co.  I  shall  be 
willing  to  return  the  truck,  give  a  full  release  of  all  olaims  and  can-  i 
cel  the  agoncy  contract  upon  receipt  of  the  statement  from  Hr.  Edison 
that  what  is  duo  to  me,  as  above,  will  be  paid  immediately  upon  receipt 
of  the  wagon.  I  cannot  understand  why  he  does  not  wish  to  have  me  paid 
the  commissions  which  I  have  earned. 

I  enclose  a  clipping  from  Sunday's  "Hew  York  Sun."  I  have  the 
amount  of  capital  referred  to  and  you  gentlemen  over  there  know  some-  j 

thing  about  my  qualifications.  I  would  be  glad  to  know  what  Hr.  Edison's  j 

proposition  is. 


oi//ty^du KnA. 

^omaM^  Xmj.  *  ^  CttMX 

(Djwkp $  </ 

^  -  -/.  jLou,  Jm  A*  V^xL^XUr-^r- 

(fj^uJUU  A/y  <LMjL*l''fc 

JU.  a^M^j  -jLm  *  tfi**' 

oJk^L^  Ok.- ^ 

^4^  OMtuAi  ^  M  fa  cnrtfar  ft 

„  JLr  HjWJ  ^JUuM  %-»<r*toU  */oo& 
Cul  hwjffiritis^  ruts  jU  ^ 

Jjufa.  faiud\  yfa* mJ^^iXuk  &*< 

X**V  .(Mb^T*  ^ 

Ausvi^  A  urLtl  m  c£^u  ^ 

jtow  h$X  o£C^*XjaLs 



Dear  Sirs: 

Referring  to  your  letter  of  the  Slat, 
we  have  ulnae  had  a  call  froa  *r.  H.  L.  Davleeon  of 
the  Xdiaon  Storage  Battery  Co.,  and  of  oouree  he  eaye 
he  la  only  able  to  give  ue  the  facts  In  the  oaee  froa 
the  battery  aide  of  the  queetion,  and  suggests  that  we 
equip  this  aaohlne  with  twelve  aore  oellp,  *«  would 
Ilka  your  Opinion  on  thia.  In  event  of  not  equipping 
it  with  twelve  aore  oella,  would  it  be  advisable  to 
ohange  the  motor  to  operate  under  60  oellat  The 
batteries  aeea  to  be  doing  all  right  with  the  excep¬ 
tion  that  we  have  had  difficulty  of  weaning  ground, 
which  Ir.  Daviaeon  has  agreed  to  replaoe  with  new 
atyle  battery  equipped  with  crating,  which  will  elim¬ 
inate  this. 

2b  regard  to  the  third  paragraph  of 
^  letter  of  8epteBber  16th,  note  you  did  not  etate 
what  you  would  recoaaend  in  regard  to  a  atael  fraae 
ob  thia  truck.  The  truok  ia  not  satisfactory  at 
preeent •  *•  oaanot  keep  the  alignment  and  adjustment 

of  notor  and  driving  parte  in  line  so  that  the  batteries 


the  Lansden  Co.  -  8. 

and  motor  can  give  u.  the  eff ioient  eervioe  they  are 
oapable  of.  further,  having  taken  up  the  matter  of 
wheeled  base,  in  leee  than  mix  monthe  have  etarted  to 
hare  tire  trouble.  Ihie  oould  have  been  eliminated 
had  we  used  33  X  4  or  S'  bate  on  the  wheel  inatead  of 
the  Si.  The  tire  people  recommend  for  a  3-ton  truck 
a  36  x  4*  wheel.  Under  the  oonditione  of  operation 
here,  over  about  a  half  a  mile  of  good  country  road, 
the  balanoe  on  pavement,  the  larger  wheel  would  have 

been  more  eatiefaotory. 

In  view  of  the  fact  that  thie  truck 
in  praot ically  breaking  down  under  mix  monthe  eer¬ 
vioe,  would  like  to  have  your  auggeetion  am  to 
whether  or  not  it  had  better  be  eent  baok  to  the  fao- 
tory  to  be  rebuilt,  and  if  eo,  what  kind  of  a  propo- 
eition  you  will  make  ue  to  do  eo.  *•  "till  have  faith 
in  the  eleotrio  truck,  but  fear  that  thie  made  wae  not 
built  eufflolently  heavy  nor  etrong  enough  to  do  the 
work  claimed  for  it.  Ie  wieh  if  you  have  a  representa¬ 
tive  in  this  section,  that  you  would  send  him  here  to 
look  over  the  situation  and  have  him  deo ids  whether  or 
mot  it  is  a  fair  sample  of  your  workmanship*  whether 
you  would  oars  to  have  this  truck  pointed  out  to  in 


this  section  as  being  a  sample  of  what  to  expect  froa 
all  Laneden  trucks.  We  believe  we  have  given  It  a 
thorough  trial  and  used  every  effort  to  make  It  a  euo- 
oese,  and  believe  yet,  that  if  the  frame  were  strength- 
ened  and  the  braoee  for  the  motor  and  eprooket  strength¬ 
ened,  so  that  the  alignment  and  adjustment  would  be 
proper,  the  width  of  the  wheels  increased  in  front  and 
in  back,  that  the  truck  would  give  satisfactory  service. 

Awaiting  your  further  reply, 


Box  147,  Newark,  fl.J. 

Referring  to  your  letter  of  Oct.  2nd.  Ours  of  Oct. 

tod  already  gone  for.«d.  °°  .tot  «—■ 

h„.  „.d,  .i.h  »r.  look,  tot  the  W>  1.  »»  oration  to 
tto  Minneapolis  office  .to  trust  .to.  if  further  ««««— »‘ 

la.  been  .to.  .1."  *to  Chicago  office  you  111  »*rt..  to 
direct  what  it  has  been. 

„  h„dl,  toll...  ttot  in  via.  of  tto  condition  of  til. 
truck  tito  it  .told  to  advisable  «  Profitable  rsrlllr 
onto.,  it  ..r.  thoroughly  repaired.  Hava  had  tha  op 
with  ..tar.  of  truck  bcdiaa  her.  in  Hinna.poUe  and  th.y  . 
tort.,  ttot  tto  job  .held  be  thoroughly  don.  fro.  the  bottom 
up  ao  that  tto  upper  ««  of  all  part,  could  b. 
end  maximum  efficiency  of  batteria.  obtained. 

,1.0-  would  b.  Pleased  to  bear  fro.  you  in  regard  to  the  . 
..tter  of  .basis  and  driving  tira.  .blob  ..  mentioned  1.  cur 
Uttar  of  tba  3rd,  *lch  .a  b.ll.v.  cov.r.  th,  subjact. 

Youre  truly, 




The  Albert  Dickinson  Co. . 

Minneapolis,  Hinn. 

Gentle  men: 

Your  letters  of  October  3rd  and  October  6th 
duly  received  and  noted.  We  have  carefully  considered 
all  the  circumstances  connected  with  this  truck,  and 
have  decided  that  it  will  be  to  your  advantage  as  well 
as  to  ours  to  return  the  truck  here  and  allow  us  to 
reconstruct  it  by  putting  in  heavier  frame.  We  are 
in  a  position  to  do  this  promptly  and  will  make  no  • 
charge  for  the  work,  provided  you  will  agree  to  pay 
the  shipping  charges  in  both  directions.  When  it  is 
returned  to  you  it  will  be  practically  a  new  wagon 
including  new  wheels  and  tires.-.  We  trust  you  will 
decide  to  let  us  do  the  work.'  If  so.  you  may  ship 
the  wagon  by  freight  without  farther  notice.  In  the 
meantime  we  will  hold  up  shipment  of  the  truss  tods 
which  we  had  arranged  with  Mr.  look  to  furnish. 

Y&urs  very  truly, 







Kovcraber  10,  1911. 

Sir.  H.  F.  Siiller, 

Laboratory  of  Thomas  A.  2dison, 

Orange,  H.  *. 

Boar  air:-  '  «• ' 

Please  favor  rao  with  a  reply  to  my  letter  of  Ootoher  30th. 
This  eonoorns  a  matter  which  X  think  you  will  agree  with  me  should  he 



llovember  32,  1911  • 

lir.  h.  I*.  Hiller,  oecretary. 

Laboratory  of  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange ,  II*  J* 

Dear  3ir:- 

I  have  reoeived  no  reply  to  my  letters  of  Oot.  30  and  Roy.  10. 
I  do  not  know  how  to  take  your  attitude. 

I  have  waited  patiently  since  early  last  summer  for  a  settle¬ 


Everyone  assured  me  that  when  Hr.  Edison  returned  from  Europe 
I  could  get  fair  treatment. 

Your  policy  of  evasion  is  still  working. 

I  cannot  believe  that  the  matter  has  been  placed  before  I-Ir. 

Edison  personally  in  the  proper  light. 

I  arl  not  yet  willing  to  believe  that  Hr.  Edison  desires  to 
evade  payment  of  a  jiist  claim.  Therefore  I  now  make  one  more  appeal  to 
him  for  a  square  deal. 

If  I  am  again  ignorod,  what  is  left  to  me  but  to  bring  action? 
Trulj)  yourp-y. 

fto-te'  United 



The  Lansden  Company, 

233  High  Street, 

Newark,  N.  J. 

Attention:  Mr-  A.  J-  Doty. 

Gentlemen : - 

Replying  «»  y.»r  “"HSlSKr  / 

wonia  say  that  the  mattora  re  oifer  to  make  some  restitu-  /' 

with  Mr.  Edison  seem  to  constitute  n  °1^taine4  auring  the  past 
tion  for  the  enormous  da“®CeRthis  rm  rioea  ^t  absolutely 
year's  operation  of  the  in  1910.  The  offer  did 

inefficient  chassis  y°nr  c°"®“ i^eral^and  you  must  admit  that  it 

ErlHS rJSS-te.w-,- *  ' 

asr^ieHrSerl”^  r. 

of  comparison. 

were  S  S  FSSS^ 

moment,  via., 

Charging  "other  material  and  labor  at  cost  plus  15$. " 

The  agreements  made  were 

3  follows:- 

1,  re.  r^e  JESTST &  SS  ffi ZST™’ 

3  -  the  ,L».a» sr&»min'?9wf  «e?n|“L°eS=*Se«le<L 
fifteen  (15)  wagons  (the  ones  rebuilt  ^  otgor  material 

L5  cars  pressed  steel  frames ^pres^n^  JP  i  ^/lr0  the  ohaBses  (and  the 

-  unless  otherwise  ordered  ana  wax  without  any  charge  whatever 

motors  if  necessary)  on  these  vehicles  witno  n  frames.  While 

except  484.  each  the  net  °?^e°^a^gaP^e  Lanlden  Company  was  to 
^oan  ronT^  o?  °three  mgons  atcording  to  the  number  that  they 
were  working  on. 

The  Lana den  Company  -2- 

The  only  Item  of  expense  to  he  borne  by  James  A.  Hearn 
&  son  was  the  $24^  each  net  cost  of  the  pressed  steel  frames. 

It  has  not  been  forgotten  that  the  difficulties  and 
hardships  of.  last  wi^jere  ^^^^or^Oompan ^without  re- 
lansden  Company  and  *°  assistance  arid  it  is  a  record 


not  care  to  emphasize. 

Tt  ia  reneated  that  this  offer  constitutes  the  minimum, 
not  the  ma«  oouldhe  offered  by  the  Lansden  Company"!^ 

it  is  to  retain. it3  self-respect. 

(signed)  H.  Prescott  Beach 

James  A.  Hearn  &  Son. 

day  letter 

the  western  union  telegraph  company 


Received  at 

The  Lansden  Company 
EUrtrir  Wagons 

'  December  26,  1911. 

Mr.  H.  F.  Miller, 

o/o  Edison  laboratory. 
Orange,  H*  *’• 

Dear  Sir: 

Kindly  return  to  us  all  the  oorrespondenoe 
which  we  sent  to  you  with  the  Eleotrio  Wagon  Oo., 
Boston,  Mass.,  and  W.  E.  Eldridge,  Boston,  Mass. 

If  you  have  any  other  oorrespondenoe 
in  your  possession  belonging  to  the  lansden  Company, 

s  would  appreciate  your  returning  same. 

Yours  very  truly, 


General  Managed. 


We  Will  Exhibit  At 


MadisonSquare Garden  | 

January  6^to26’-hI9I2 

ad  •-  Lws*** 

Supplementary  to  the.  list  sent  you  ls/ll/ll,  heg 
to  hand  you  herewith  a  list  of  additional  work  done  and  in 
progress  for  the  lanBden  Co. 






























-  for  36  Safety  Switches 

"  four  3-ton  upper  steering 
head  brackets 

ti  4  gaps  on  Bteering  head  hracketB 
"  4  3-ton  lower  "  n  " 

»  4  n  long  countershafts 
«  4  i»  Short  "  • 

’•  6  of  eaoh  5  ton  long  and  short  ■ . 

countershafts  ij, 

n  5  n  n  3  ton  left  brake  rod 
brackets  and  oaps 
i*  6  of  each  3  ton  right  rod 
bracket  and  caps 
•»  18  5-ton  counter  housing  caps 
n  IQ  "  "  housings 

n  4  3-ton  Brake  Drums 
»  4  2-ton  "  "  •  ,  . 

n  4  5-ton  Brake  lever  Braokets 

n  4  6-ton  "  "  YokeB 

»  8  3-ton  "  Shoes 

ii  8  3-ton  "  "  Brackets 

ii  4  3-ton  Rear  Spring  Blocks 
8  g-ton  Brake  shoe  braokets 
~V  it  8  2-ton  Brake  shoes 

»»  4  2-ton  Rear  Spring  BlockB 

•»  10  5-ton  Motor  suspension  brackets 

"  10  5-ton  CapB  for  "  ^ 

«»  8  3-ton  "  "  "  „ 

I*  8  3-ton  Motor  " 


Copies  to  Messrs.  Baohman  and  Miller. 


all  mail  P.  0.  Box  147. 

The  Lansden  Company 
Slfrtrir  HagmiH 

■54  "fe1'  56 wa mngA-TgtWW 


Bee ember  29,  1911 

Mr.  H.  S’.  Miller, 

o/o  Edison  laboratory. 

Orange,  Hew  Jersey. 

Bear  Sir: 

In  compliance  with  your  request  over  the 
telephone,  we  are  sending  you  The  lansden  Company's 
scrap-book,  with  dippings  to  June  1910. 

Yours  very  truly, 


Sales  ^repar  traent . 


bJZ  £*-*<**+-  ' 




Part  2 

S,  R.  BAILEY  &  Co. 

Call  it  the  Edison  and  then  centralize  in  and  around  this 
building  Electrical  Manufacturing  concerns  and  thus  not  necessar¬ 
ily  create  an  expensive  interior  to  the  building. 

We  can  get  the  Halle  &  Higbee  cars  to  join  us  and  we  should 
find  plenty  of  others  in  due  time  by  including  pleasure  EleOtric 
for  day  storing  and  charging  while  business  wagons  are  out  on 

At  your  earliest  convenience  we  would  be  glad  to  hear  from  you 
on  this  subject  and  oblidge. 

P.S.  If  this  is  successful  in  Cleveland  we  could  repeat  it 
in  other  towns. 



TN2  ,4k, 


3fU,  oXjU^CjJ  ^  *(& 

jjLu£j  •£*-  M/vAtz*^  -to  °4*- 

ytlft M ., 



j  *Vo  S'* 

cPk^-cC^  <^L0j&t  •*"  7^7  j**” 

'gk/er'/L-  f.*7* f  ° 

TZ&^y^T  I  r  S'!  60 J> 

<£^  -?~***  I  ‘ 

^  ;  "JJ?/ 

O-^Lo  f  C/aSlA, f  |  ^ 15  ’  ? 










Edison  General  File  Series 

1911.  Battery,  Storage  ■  Edison  Storage  Battery  Company  (E-11-15) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
the  commercial  and  technical  development  of  Edison  s  alka'"l®  ®torage 
battery  Included  are  estimated  advertising  budgets  and  printed  advertising 
proofs  several  of  which  contain  corrections  or  other  remarks  written  by 
Edison  in  the  form  of  marginalia.  Among  the  correspondents  are  the 
advertising  firm  of  Calkins  &  Holden  and  longtime  fdison  associate  T. 
Commerford  Martin,  who  was  collecting  figures  about  the  Edison  St  g 
Battery  Co  on  behalf  of  the  U.S.  Census  office.  One  letter  by  Henry  Lana^ 
anr|  narence  Churchill  written  on  behalf  of  the  company,  concerns  urban 
agencies  involved  in  the  sale  of  "pleasure  electrics"  and ^j^itude  toward 
the  Edison  battery.  Also  included  are  two  expense  sti dements  perta ning  to 
the  assembly  of  battery  cells  and  a  letter  from  investor  James  Gaunt. 

Approximately  30  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 

the  machine  tool  manufacturer  Niles-Bement-Pond  Co  concerning  pl^n 
milling  machines.  Both  bear  perfunctory  marginal  markings,  probably  by 

Related  material  can  be  found  in  E-11-18  (Battery  Storage  -  Electric 
Vehicles  -  Promotional). 


February  the  fourth, 

19  11. 

Mr.  L.  0.  McChesney, 

Manager  Advertising  Department 

Edison  Storage  Battery  Company 

Subject  -  Newspaper  und  Magazine  advertising 

As  requested  by  you  yesterday,  we  sro  en¬ 
closing  two  estimates  for  the  Edison  Storage  Battery 
advertising  -  one  covering  a  list  of  newspapers,  and 
the  other  a  list  of  magazines. 

We  are  also  enclosing  proofs  of  Mr.  Edison' b 
'  advertisement  set  in  two  ways  for  the  magazines  - 
one  the  square  quarter  page;  the  other  the  horizontal 
quarter  page.  If  we  can  get  top  of  column  position 
on  this  horizontal  quarter,  we  think  it  will  be  better 
than  the  other.  If  not,  we  would  recommend  the 
square  space. 

Wo  have  also  set  this  advertisement  in 
five  inches,  single  column,  for  use  in  the  newspapers. 

In  addition  to  this  advertisement  we  have 
prepared  one  which  we  have  put  in  type,  which  we  think 
is  a  better  presentation  of  the  subject,  and  also 



The  Edison  Storage  Battery  Company 
Orange _  _ _ 2Li£i 

r.timwta  for  Ileranaper  Advertieing  -  l9.1.! 

6"  S.O.  -  13  timSB  -  1  Tawk  -  910  lines  ^  ^ 

- -  ',C 

U:  Hew  York 





Herald  * 
—  Post 

Philadelphia  Record 

Horth  American 

180.,  18 






Democrat  &  Chronicle  * 
Union  &  Advertiser  ** 

Plain  Dealer 
Leader  ** 

Disputbh  *■* 

Gazette  Times  <**  > 

Chron.Telecraph  ) 

Free  Press 



Record  Herald 
Eve.  Poet 














Tho  Edison  Storage  Battery  Co.,  Est.  for  newspaper  Adv .-1011, .  .2/4/11, . 


It:  Cincinnati 

M:  11 

E:  11 

ME:  Minneapolis 
ME:  11 

M:  St.  Louis 

U:  " 

E:  " 

M:  Denver 


Conroe rcial  Tribune 
Tines  Star 

Globe  Democrat 
Post  Dispatch 

of  space 





110. Cl 




San  Francisco  Call 

it  Chronicle 

ii  Examiner 

Los  Anceles  Times 

ii  Express 

ii  Examiner 







The  Edison  Storage  Buttery  Company 
Orange  _ _ _ iLii 

Estimate  for  Magazine  Advertising  -  1911 


:!■.  Publication: 



Cost  per  insn. 
llet:  Cross: 


Cost  nil  in  sns.  f 

11:  World's  Work 

1/4  page 



$150.00  p 

M:  Review  of  Reviews 

1/4  •• 



187.50  ?! 


It:  Scribner's 

1/4  •' 



226.00  -2 

M:  Century 

1/4  » 




W:  Outlook 

1/4  •' 



148.50  j 

U:  LioO lure's 

1/4  •• 







M:  American 

1/4  •* 

W:  Literary  Digest 

56  lines 



207.00  :■ ! 


W:  Saturday  Eve.  Post 

56  " 



997.02  S 

- - —  ij 

$2,788.32  vi 

rZ  . 



!(,  kl 



a/4/ll.-  6  - 

Edison  Storage  Battsry  Co. 
l/4  Paga  Waga.  ad. 

Nina  lenths  of  what  to  know  about 
eleotrio  vehioles,  is  battery. 

Formerly  BO  alias  on  a  oharga 
was  considered  a  good  mileage' average  for 

today  you  oan  bs  sure  of  over 
a  hundred  -  if  the  vehiols  is  equipped 
with  the 

Edison  Storage  Battery 

Send  today  for  our  new  book, 
which  covers  all  you  ought  to  know  about 
batteries  -  and  that's  aost.  of  all  you  need 
to  know  about  eleotrio  vehioles. 

Edison  Storage  Battery  Oompmy, 

. Lakeside  Avenue,  Orange,  H.  J. 


2/4/11.  -  6  - 

Edison  Storage  Battery 
l/4  Page  Magazine  ad. 


mien  you  investigate  eleotrio 
vehicles  ask  the  nan 

how  far  it  will  average 
on  a  single  charge  of  the  ^ttery.If 
he  answers  "a  hundrsd  milesV  ot  Matter, 
and  you  know  hs'B  telling  the  truth, 
the  vehiole  is  equipped  with 

The  Edison  Storage  Battery. 

Bu>  it.  But  first  know 
all  about  batteries  for  the  battery 
is  “nine  tenths  of  what  to  know  about 
eleotrios.  ■ 

Send  for  our  new  book  about 
the  Edison  -  and  the  others. 

Edison  Storage  Battery  Company  , 
...Lakeside  Avenue,  Orange,  H.  J< 


Electric  Vehicles 

Edison  Storage  Battery 



Electric  Vehicles 





Our  Booklet  explains. 

If  JOV  expect  to ..bujm  or  if  you  now 
own  an  Elec frit  willi  lead  batfeey  and 
want  to  double  y ouf  mileage,  send  fur 
■our  booklet 


The  New  Edison 
Storage  Battery 

Tests  ol  the  "family  electric”  vehicle 
“Day  Outing”  Trip  No.  1 


Results  ol 

Edison  "Day  Outing” 
Trip  No.  2 

with  Bailey  Electric 

Total  weight  of  car,  carrying  two  per- 
sons,  2,345  pounds. 

Start  40th  Street  and  Lexington 
Avenue,  New  York,  7 :40‘A.M. 
Returned  to starting  point8:46P.hL 
Actual  running  time,  5  hours  (i 

Distance  traveled  in  coveringthisroute, 
76  miles. 

Car,  run  to  a  standstill  after  comple¬ 
tion  of  trip  to  show  margin  of 
excess  mileage  still  in  the  battery, 
gave  40  miles  surplus. 

Total  mileage  for  the  day,  on  a  single 
charge  of  the  battery,  116  mills. 

.  Country  mountainous  and  beautiful, 
y  heavy  grades,  some  10%,  but 
s  average  good. 

Tests  of  the  "family  electric”  vehicle 
equipped  with 

The  New  Edison 
Storage  Battery 

“Day  Outing”  Trip  No.  2 

Tsstrsa iftttsssa: 

A  to  establish  the  thorough  practicability  of  th 
“family  electric”  t  '*  1 

re  the  Detroit  Electric  an 

iDCUWitn  wuucy  — nd  tlieso  are  used  alte 

ar  of  the  these  “  day  outing”  trips.  The  trip  In  thl 

- de  by  the  Bailey.  Neither  Mr.  1 

ion  Storage  Battery  Co.  has  any 

trtheVtartlng  reliability  of  the  electric  vehicle  with  proper  battery 

to  the  starting  - it8  simplicity  and  case  of  operation,  low 

ntenance  and  long  life ,  compared  to  the 

Edteon  Storage  Battery  Co.,  121  Lakeside  Ave.,  Orange,  N.  J. 



A  Bailey  Electric  equipped  with 
the  Edison  Storage  Battery  goes 
139  1-2  miles  on  a  single  charge 

Results  accomplished  on  Edison  “Day  Outing” 

Trip  No.  4,  with  Bailey  Electric 

Total  weight  of  cor  with  two  persons.  W  pound, 

Start  40th  Street  and  Lexington  Avenue,  New  \orkt  7*10  A.  M.  1  SSetcd  by  Mr.  Edison. 

fetarnrfto^torthijcHnt  ^  for  fcrr)ra  On  trip  No.  1  the  air  nml  03  miles  on 

IJIstanco raroredln  QM^rngfahtogthfa »w«ty»t gta.. .  usVmll^'indnow'Strip 

Totnlfml'engeforthedayon  a  single  ch'argo  of  the  battery,  1.191  allies,  planned  for  the  "day's  out/ng." 

Some  pretty  country i  roads  on  the  average  good. 

_  tro^El^l'rkun  K,“°g;s^ 

wilV™the  right  battery  ci|idpment  the 

The  New  Edison 
Storage  Battery 

Edison  Storage  Battery  Co*  121  Lakeside  Ave.,  Orange,  N.  J. 


Edison  "day  outing”  trip  No.  5 

brings  out  another  Interesting  record— Detroit  Electric, 
on  a  single  charge  ot  the  hattery,  goes  113  miles  over  a 
route  with  many  heavy  grades  up  to  8|  per  cent,  run¬ 
ning  against  a  head  wind  equivalent  to  21  per  cent 
grade.  The  high  average  mileage  that  these  "day  outing 
trips  are  showing  would  never  have  been  possible  to 
electric  vehicles  with  equipment  other  than 

The  New  Edison 
Storage  Battery 

Hrst  or  experimental  type  have  been  tn  successful  use  on 

0  trucks  and  other  vehicles. 

Results  accomplished 
on  Edison  “Day  Outing” 
Trip  No.  5 

with  Detroit  Electric 

Edison  Storage  Battery  Co.,  121  Lakeside  Ave.,  Orange,  N.  J. 


Results  of  Edison 
“Day  Outing” 
Trip  No.  6 
with  Bailey  Electric 

U  •Sgjgg 

On  Edison  “Day  Outing”  Trip  No.6  the  Bailey  „„y, 

Electric  goes  108  miles  on  poor  roads,  through  °f 

hilly  country,  encountering  many  grades  up 

to  15%,  running  against  a  constant  head  wind 

equal  to  2%  grade— another  triumph  for  •K”r- 

The  New  Edison 
Storage  Battery 

THE  New  Edison  Storage  Buttery  should 
more  properly  be  railed  the  improved  Edison 
Storage  Battery,  for  it  Is  n  peril  it  1  I  I 
ment  from  the  first  or  experiment  1 1\  pi  fl  di  n 
Battery,  more  than  30,000  of  which  linve  been 
In  sueccssful  operation  on  over  f00  commercial 
and  other  vehicles  during  the  l>ast  six  years. 

The  vehicles  used  on  these  day  outing 
trips  arc  those  already  regularly  equipped  with 
the  Edison  Storage  Battery — the  Bailey  Electric 

„ge  Battery  should  and  the  Detroit  Electric.  Neither  Mr.  Edison 
the  imuroved  Ellison  nor  the  Edison  Storage  Battery  Company  has 
Is  n  perfect  develop-  any  Interest  in  either  of  these  vehicles,  farther 
cutal  tvpe  of  Edison  than  the  firm  establishment  of  Mr.  Edison  seon- 
of  which  linve  been  tention  that  the  family  type  or  electric  vehicle 
fer  WO  commercial  Edison  Storage  Ih.ttery  oquipped-is  he  car  <  f 
.e  oast  six  years.  the  present  and  the  future— the  car  that  Is  abso- 
rcse  “day  outing”  lutely  safe,  the  simplest  to  handle  nnd  by  all 
larly  equipped  with  odds  the  most  economical  to  operate. 

-the  Bailey  Electric 

Edison  Storage  Battery  Co.,  121  Lakeside  Ave.,  Orange,  N.  J. 


Hill  Climbing  Test 

with  Bailey  Electric 

21  limes  up  Fori  George  HIU 

Fort  George  Hill  is  2138  feet  in  length  and  11%  grade. 
This  means  the  New  Edison  Battery  lifted  2387  pounds 
of  car  and  load,  almost  one  mile  vertically  in  8  miles 

on  one  charge 

The  New  Edison 
Storage  Battery 

City  Test 

on  one  71  hour  charge 

with  Detroit  Electric 

Ran  it  to  2  hours  every  day  for  seven  days. 

Cost  of  charge  $1.42,  or  21  cents  per  day. 

Average  speed  12.32  miles  per  hour— 120  miles  total. 
Total  weight  of  car  and  the  two  passengers  2470  pounds. 

Edison  Storage  Battery  Co.,  121  Lakeside  Ave,  Orange,  N.  J. 

Edison  “Day  Outing”— Test  Trip  No.  10 

Bailey  Electric  covers  85-mile  route, then 
gives  41&  miles  excess— the  margin  of 
certainty— before  complete  discharge  of 
battery;  126 y2  miles  on  a  single  charge  of 

The  New  Edison 
Storage  Battery 

Average  speed  14  miles  per  hour 

Edison  Storage  Battery  Co.,  121  Lakeside  Ave.,  Orange,  N.  J. 


The  New  Edison 
Storage  Battery 



made  possible  this 
1000-mile  "Ideal 
Tour”  and  7  miles 
ot  the  8-mile  climb 
up  Mt.  Washington 
accomplished  by 
"Detroit”  and 
"Bailey”  Electrics, 
proving  by  this  re¬ 
markable  perform¬ 
ance  that  the  elec¬ 
tric  vehicle  with 
Edison  Battery 
equipment  will 
cover  any  route 
that  a  gasoline  car 

age  liattery — '*  Detroit, 
ami  “Wnverley” — two 
a  Hailey,  started  from  N 

in tt»  Mcetinjr  at  Hretti 

to  attempt  the  climb  of 
feet  lliftll,  with  grades  t 

a  tools,  tires  and  cloth- 
i  Woods,  it  was  decided 
It.  Washington  6,230 
rying  from  I  t?  to  27%. 

ipt  a  climb  that  taxes  high-powered 
irs  to  the  limit,  is  unheard  of.  Yet 
the  S-milc  climb  were  accomplished, 
le  being  made  impossible  hy  blinding 

c  vehicle  is  no  longer  n  luxurious  toy 
se,  hut,  equipped  with  the  Kdison 
ttcry,  isthepnicticalcaroftliepresent 
iture— the  car  that  any  one  can  uper- 

Edlson  Storage  Battery  Co.,  121  Lakeside  Ave.,  Orange,  N.  J. 



114-116  Liberty  Street,  New  York 

>14-116  Liberty  Street,  New  York  .  o'  V  \IS 

Chicago  Office,  Monidnock  Block  / 


•Using  'Of  the  Edison  Storage  Battery  Comparer 

If  you  have  any  way  of  tracing  results  from  your  advertis¬ 
ing.  will  you  please  see  how  the  afctual  sales  made  through  the 
ELECTRICAL*  RECORD  compare  with  the  actual  sales  made  at  the  same 
expense  through  other  papers. 

Are  you  av/are  of  the  fact  that  the  ELECTRICAL  RECORD  has 
a  larger  number  of  advertisers  of  electrical  apparatus  than  any 
other  publication  in  America  -  by  more  than  30^  ? 

Are  you  also  avrare  of  the  fact  that  your  Sales  Department 
uses .our  Mailing  Lists,  which  are  loaned  only  to  advertisers  ?  Our 
Monthly  Bulletins  of  Addition?. changes  and  corrections  enable  that 
Department  to  keep  their  cardiindexes  correct. 

Ours,  you  see,  is  a  double  service  -  advertising  and 
maiiinp-  list.  Your  SaleB  Department  needs  this  service,  and_we 
respectfully  request  you  to  restore  the  ELECTRICAL  RECORD  to  favor, 

We  ask  this. on  the  points  of  service,  cost  and  efficiency. 


.Sec'y  &Trea>. 

1  '^•^;;r'_e^£y  '■('**.  ^ ^ ~  /^  ^~~^- 


^  /—  /*•  ■ ^  ^ 

fk~ y*~~  '<*-*■ 

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rfltvCdy.  C?ti-AAyicZj  j 


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y^'rO-^^'  df' 

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/&  ^/!C*S*>  duT 

df-  <2iSSt-<Hl_j. 

Department  of  (Snmmerrr  mtb  ffiahor 


HETf  YORK.H.Y.  Maroh  7,  1911. 

tl.  H.  Meadoworoft,  Esq.. 

Edison  Laboratory 
Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Mr.  Meadoworoft 

Please  note  the  enolosed  whioh  I  shall  he  clad  to  have  you  return 
to  me.  I  oannot  very  well  answer  the  question  off  hand  but  shall  be  clad 
to  know  if  the  figures  quoted  represent  oells  of  batteries  or  numbers  of 
plates  or  weight  of  plates.  On  the  faoe,  it  is  hard  to  tell  just  what  the 
figure  means.  I  might  say  that  these  figures  are  merged  in  other  figures 
their  identity  is  lost  and  the  dotailn  of  the  business  are 



Brjrartmrnt  of  (Onnunrrtf  a  116  Eabor 



NETT  YORK,  Unroh  10,  1911. 


R.  H.  Meadoworoft,  Esq., 

Legal  Department 
Edison  Laboratory 
Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Mr.  Meadoworoft:- 

I  have  yours  of  Maroh  9th  and  am  rauoh  obliged  to  you  for 
giving  ae  figures  with  regard  to  the  Edison  Storage  Battery  Company, 
which  seems  to  be  exaotly  what  is  needed  at  the  Census  Offioe. 



Equivalent  in  A-4  Cells:-  . . ; _ 





~tz  Oells . 

Average  Cost  per  Cell  A-4  Basis  :- 
§39.72  i  5i  ’ 


Trays,  JuinpsrB  ©to 

and  lator  in  assembling 

Selling  Expenses  per  oell  (A-4  Basis ) 

9213  oells . 

shipping. . .  ;0l3 

Free  Goods .  3]_9 

Advertising . . .  *4445 

Administration  and  General . • . 

„„Jiaboratpry  Experimental  Expenses......  463 - 

- - - -  '  . 103 

*  .  ,  .011 

,  .016 
,  .271 

Taxes . 

Insuranoe...i......^v^ .  R7X 

Interest  on  Funded  Debt... . 

Cash  Disoounts  on  Sales . ■* . 

Total  Cost  and  Expenses . 

Average  Amount  reoeived  per  oell  (A-4  Basis). 

Mr.  Frank  L.  Dyer, 

o/o  The  Homestead, 

Hot  Springs,  .Va 

Dear  Mr.  Dyer:- 

The  impression  which  we  bring  back  from  our 
trip  ia  that  for  the  most  part  the  various  agencies  for  the 
sale  of  pleasure  electrics  are  either  indifferent  to  or  unaware 
of  the  fact  that  they  axe  no  longer  in  a  position  to  furnish 
the  Edison  battery.  In  general,  we  find  they  have  the  usual 
attitude  of  salesmen,  making  them  antagonistic  to  anything 
which  increases  the  selling  price  of  their  product,  and  in 
referring  to  the  Edison  battery  if  they  admit  it  has  a  greater 
mileage  than  the  lead  batteries  they  point  out  the  fact  that 
they  cost  5600.  more  and  that  the  lead  batteries  had  all  the 
mileage  which  is  required  in  a  pleasure  vehicle. 

They  state  that  as  yet  there  are  no  charging 
facilities  outside  of  the  cities  and  that  the  electric  cannot, 
therefore?  be  used  in  any  way  as  a  touring  car  and  that  the 
lead  battery  will  give  from  50  to  80  miles,  which  ia  far  more 
than  could  be  used  in  city  work  in  any  one  day. 

Almost  universally  the  electrics  are  kept  in 
public  garages  and  at  the  call  of  the  owner  at  any  time  fully 

F.  L.  Dyer 

-  2. 

Usually,  the  firBt  remark  after  the  subject  of 
the  Edison  battery  is  brought  up  is  its  added  oost  to  the 
owner  without  giving  the  owner  greater  service  than  he  could 
seoure  with  the  lead  batterieB.  The  long  life  of  the  Edison 
battery  is  offset  by  the  guarantee  of  the  lead  battery  people 
for  20,000  miles. 

The  adverse  comments  which  wo  hear  most  frequently 
are  that  the  Edison  battery  is  very  slow  on  hill  work  and  , 
sluggish  in  cold  weather,  that  it  is  complicated,  and  the 
garages  not  being  familiar  with  it  have  much  difficulty  in 
caring  for  it. 

Of  the  forty  agencies  we  visited,  eight  of  them 
spoke  in  condemnation  to  the  effect  that  in  extremely  cold 
weather  they  practically  went  out  of  commission,  could 
hardly  climb  hills,  and  take  far  more  current  to  charge  than 
lead  batteries.  Two  agentB  mentioned  firms  which  having 
used  the  Edison  batteries  found  them  entirely  worthless  and 
are  now  using  the  lead  batteries.  One  agent  criticised  the 
Edison  guarantee  as  being ‘So  worded  as  to  be  practically 

As  the  agents  in  the  different  cities  of  the  same 
make  of  vehicle  differ  so  widely  in  their  opinions  and  com¬ 
ments  of  the  Edison,  battery,  it  is  evident  that  their  remarks 
were  not  inspired  from  their  home  offices. 

F,  L.  Dyer 

The  attached  reports  give  you  the  results 
of  our  visits  in  detail,  from  which  you  will  probably  get 
the  idea  as  we  have,  that  for  the  most  part  the  various 
agents  speak  more  in  ignorance  than  in  malice  towards  the 
Edison  Storage  Battery. 

Very  truly  yours, 



-  LLjatedsWETi.  It  is  only  necessary ■  taeJMm  to  pro 

i u-^ 

SttSt  if  oSy  25»«  of  th.  jrdin«tr 

Has  “^arassr  xs 

a  period  of  several  years. 

n-he  output  of  the  Edison  factory  for 

KEHSS  "5 “»««"” 


he  required. 

We  shall  he  glad  to  supply  information 
about  electric  vehicles. 


1,776,000  “jolts"  of  i  inch  each 

Here  is  the  apparatus  used  by  Mr.  Edison  in  test¬ 
ing  the  mechanical  strength  of  the  Edison  Storage 
Battery.  Like  all  his  tests,  the  strain  imposed  was  many 
times  greater  than  will  ever  be  met  with  in  practice. 

The  cell  was  raised  and  dropped  one-half  an 
inch  1,776,000  times— a  million  and  three  quarter 

half-inch  jolts  aggregating  74,000  feet. 

The  Edison  method  combining 
cdison  battery  points^  Ught  weight  and  rugged  strength 

enabled  the  cell  to  go  through  the 
mi  test  uninjured.  . 

Neither  its  electrical  capacity  nor 
,»■  mechanical  construction  were  im- 
paired  in  any  way,  •  because  steel, 
nm  umior  ravye  condi-  iron  and  nickel  will  endure  shocks 
that  heavy  lead  plates  cannot  pos- 

One-half  the  weight  or 
^  the  iinir 

T hrce  *y< c u r  k i m r n n 


»SsS  rrri  sibly  undergo. 

Not  to  mention  the  disintegration 
of  active  material  found  in  the  old. 
S'SrtKC’SnS  style  lead  batteries. 

The  Ejison  Storage  Battery  Perfects  the  One 
no.  .  rann'ng  .x-  Weak  Link  in  the  Electric  Vehicle  Chain 

Edison  Storage  Battery  Company,— Lakeside  Ave..  orange.  n.  j. 

The  One  Weak  Spot 

in  Electric  Wagon  Success 

Everybody  in  the  business  knows  what  has  retarded  the  ad¬ 
vance  to  which  Electric  Vehicles' have  been  rightfully  entitled, 
—(1)  heavy  lead  batteries  that  required  constant  supervision  at 
the  hands  of  an  expert,  and  (2)  even  then  a  short  life  in  heavy 
work  of  from  8  to  15  months  at  best- 

heavy  in  weight  and  rapidly  decreased  in  capacity  even  under  the  expert  supervision  of  skilled  battery 

The  weak  spot  that  so  checked  Electric  Vehicle  progress  ceased  to  exist  with  the  advent 
of  the  Edison  Storage  Battery,  because  this  battery  overcomes  all  the  objections  to  the 
lead-acid  combination9  It  has  no  lead  to  crumble;  no  acids  to  destroy.  Therefore  there 
is  no  corrosion,  no  dropping  out  of  active  material.  The  weight  is  one-half  for  the  same 
output.  The  capacity,  instead  of  falling  off,  increases  with  use.  due  to  the  better  contact 
of  the  active  materials  and  the  conductors. 

,  I  tlh  Electric  Vehicles 

The  light,  rugged  t6andWmUKJlife.  ower  eau  viient?hM7wtt  now  can  run  farther,  faster  and 

strength  of  the  Edison  SSUeiS?1* ""  P°w"  iont,r,tti  bettcr’  ^th  abs°lutend®’ 

Storage  Battery  is  ob-  EfT&gZX  ' d£ 

tained  by  using  steel,  °^rS%8c»?ar“ni?dM8no  charged  down  to  zero, 

iron  and  nickel,  con-  5c" iim«“ or ^injury”  . “  ”,  overcharged,  left  standing 

r--  #sli5  r  -ssissrs  rsn,.S“tK.™i 

strongly,  with  due  SSS'o?  tim  toiuiion.  ii|e{nlS$5”and ffileC'tiw  which  batteries  are  sure 

consideration  to  me-  -  -  -  ’  *-  —*  hut 

chanical  strength  and 
electrical  reliability. 

Edison  Storage  Battery  Company,  104  Lakeside  Ave., Orange, 1U. 

The  value  of  all  the  horses  in  the  United  States  is  $3, 400,000,000-over 

3*  The' “lue  hay  and  oat  crops  in  1909  was  SI, 097,519, 000-tnore 

"  m/sum's  give  arlTa1  o!°thi  size  oi  the  trucking .business,  which  is 
heintr  constantly  deflected  from  the  Central  Stations  and  Vehicle  Makers, 
because  in  the  past  the  only  storage  battery  available  was  the  lead-acid  com¬ 
bination  with  its  great  weight,  short  life  and  multiplied  troubles. 

The  electric  wagon  was  all  right-the  electric  motor  perfect-but  the 
hatterv  was  the  weak  link  in  the  chain.  v  .  ,  . 

The  Edison  Storage  Battery  puts  the  electric  wagon  and  truck  business 
lareely  in  the  hands  of  the  Central  Stations  for  the  future,  because  of  its  Light 
Weight,  Rugged  -Strength  and  Reliability,  without  the  trouble  man  as  a 
constant  factor  and  the  repairs,  washings,  etc.,  heretofore  linked  in 
tegral  part  of  the  storage  battery  business. 


One  Edison  Battery  will  outlast  6  to  8  lead  batteries  in  the  hands  of  the  layman, 
not  to  mention  the  tremendous  item  of  repairs  end  mam- 
tenance  required  by  even  the  best  of  the  lead  batteries 

EDISON  STORAGE  BATTERY,  Lakeside  Avenue,  Orange,  N.  J. 

One  of  Two  Things 

The  Edison  Storage  Battery  increases  the  effective 
mileage  of  Electric  Vehicles— or  reduces  the  weight 
of  the  vehicle.  _ _ _ _ _ 

This  is  because,  for  each  pound  of  weight,  it  gives  an  active  service  which  is 
twice  the  watt  output  that  a  lead  battery  is  capable  of  giving  “active 
service  over  a  period  of  only  one  year.  The  Edison  Battery  is  legally 
guaranteed  for  heavy-duty  truck  service  for  3  years. 

Such  a  tremendous  advantage  can  be  seized  upon  to  reduce  the  total  weight 
of  the  vehicle  as  well  as  that  of  the  battery  itself.  Or  to  secure  an  increased 
mileage-either  or  both— within  motor-voltage  limitations. 

The  one  weak  epot  that  hat  held  back  all  the  advances  te  whloh  Electrlo  Vehlo lee 
have  been  rightfully  entitled,  has  been  the  lead  battery  with  Its  groat  weight,  troubles 
and  short  life.  - 

With  a  lighter  and  more  rugged  battery  Electric  Vehicles  would,  years  ago, 
have  come  into  their  own.  The  electric  motor  would  have  done  for  them 
what  it  has  done  for  street  cars.  ,  ,  -  ,  .  ,. 

The  Edison  Storage  Battery  with  its  light,  rugged  construction  combines 
minimum  weight  with  long  life  and  reliability. 

The  legal  guarantee  given  for  the  Edison  Storage  Battery  in  truck  service  is 
3  years,  but  the  actual,  practical  life  is,  of  course,  much  longer.  If  this  were 
not  so,  the  Edison  Company  could  not  afford  a  3-year  guarantee.  1  he  extra 
life  of  the  Edison  Storage  Battery  is  as  much  an  advantage  to  the  customer 
as  it  is  to  the  company  making  the  guarantee.  ,  .  , 

The  maintenance  of  storage  batteries  in  heavy-duty  trucks  has  been  estimated 
by  truck  manufacturers  at  109  per  cent,  per  annum.  Thu  prohibitive  and 
destructive  depreciation  has  been  eliminated  by  Mr.  Edison  s  eight  years  or 

unremitting  work  on  the  storage-battery  question.  ' 

To-day  the  pleasure  vehicle  or  truck  manufacturer,  as  well  as  his  customer, 
can  count  upon  his  battery  as  being  an  investment  and  not  a  running  expense. 


Edison  Storage  Battery  Company 

104  Lakeside  Avenue  ~  Orange,  N.  J. 


Edison  Storage  Battery 

For  Electric  Vehicles  of  Every  Type 

For  Ignition 

Edison  General  File  Series 

1911.  Battery,  Storage  ■  Electric  Vehicles  -  General  (E-11-16) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and 
the  commercial  and  technical  development  of  Edison  s  alkaline  storage 
battery  and  its  use  in  electric  vehicles.  Most  of  the  documents  concern  electric 
vehicle  manufacturers,  market  development,  and  the  products  of  rlN(a>  battery 
makers  Included  are  assessments  of  the  Phaeton  (or  touring  car)  made  tty 
S  R  Bailev&Co  of  Amesbury,  Massachusetts;  promotional  material  for  the 
KlaxonSmo^e  horn,  invented  by  Miller 

Of  marketinq  practices  involving  central  stations  of  the  Edison  tiecino 
Illuminating  Cto  of  Boston.  Additional  items  pertain  to  the  Electric  Storage 

testing  an  electric  wagon. 

Aooroximately  80  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected  The 
items  not  selected  include  duplicates,  unsolicited  correspondence  with  no 
credit  reports,  and  blank  questionnarres. 

Carolina  Power  &  Light  Company. 

trical  power  at  soma  point  in  Virginia  and  lie  said  that  ha  had  heard 
from  you  and  that  you  ware  coming  through  in  your  electric  vehicle  in 
a  few  days.  If  you  are  coming  through  this  way,  I  would  he  glad  to 
know  hy  return  mail  about  what  time  I  may  have  the  pleasure  of  seeing 
you.  The  company  has  no  mercuiy  arc  rectifier,  hut  I  have  for  an 
electrically  driven  vehicle  of  my  own  and  will  he  glad  to  extend  to 
you  every  courtesy  in  its  use. 

Yours  very  truly, 



The  Latest  Development 
Electric  Vehicle  Batteries 


Paper  presented  at  the  Meeting  of 
The  Electric  Vehicle  Association  of  America 
.New  York,  January  17 

The  “Hvonclab*J£xibe”  Battery 



npcr  presented  at  tile  Meeting  of  The.  Electric  Vehicle  Ass  elation  of 

It  was  my  privclcgc  last  October  to  present  to  this  associa¬ 
tion  a  paper  on  the  Electric  Vehicle  Mattery,  and  announcement 
was  made  of  a  new  battery  which  The  Electric  Storage  flattery 
Company  were  shortly  to  put  upon  the  market,  and  of  which 
great  things  were  to  be  expected.  The  time  has  now  come  when 
we  can  describe  in  detail  the  construction  and  operation  of  the 
new  battery,  together  with  an  outline  of  its  novel  and  advantageous 
features.  The  name  under  which  this  new  battery  is  being  pre¬ 
sented  is  the  “IronclaDoJExtee,"  which  has  been  considered 
especially  appropriate  in  view  of  its  great  durability. 

The  new  battery  is  of  the  lead  sulphuric  acid  type,  and  its 
principal  feature  of  novelty  resides  in  the  construction  of  the 
positive  plate,  together  with  other  features  of  mountmg  and 
connecting,  which  will  be  brought  out  later. 

The  flat  plate  form  was  many  years  ago  recognized  as  the 
best  electrode  for  both  positive  and  negative  plates.  Two  forms 
of  design  have  been  in  vogue  for  many  years.  First,  The  plain 
plate  or  slab,  and.  Second,  A  plate  composed  of  a  number  ol 
parallel  bars  or  rods  laid  side  by  side  and  mounted  in  a  suitable 
frame  Where  the  latter  design  has  been  employed,  it  has  usually 
been  for  the  positive  electrode  or  pole  plate.  This  has  been  true 
in  both  the  lead  sulphuric  acid  type  of  battery  and  also  in  the 

alkaline  battery.  Reference  may  be  made  to  the  Waddel-Entz 
type  of  alkaline  battery  (1889-1890)  in  which  the  active  material 
was  in  the  form  of  a  cylindrical  pencil,  and  also  to  the 
Currie  plate  of  the  lead  sulphuric  acid  class  (1890-1891).  This 
particular  example  is  chosen  since  it  is  among  some  of  the 
older  patents  owned  by  the  makers  of  the  “  Exl&C  ”  and  the 
‘‘UroilClnS-EXl&C  ”  Batteries. 

The  new  “UtOUCUlB”  positive  plate  is  of  this  design. 
Its  grid  is  composed  of  a  number  of  parallel  vertical  metal 
rods,  united  at  their  tops  and  bottoms  integrally  to  top  and 
bottom  frames,  the  top  being  supplied  with  tile  usual  conducting 
lug.  Each  vertical  rod  forms  a  core  surrounded  by  a  cylindrical 
pencil  of  peroxide  of  lead  active  material,  which  in  its  turn  is 
enclosed  by  a  hard  rubber  tube  supplied  with  a  multiplicity  of 
fine  horizontal  laminations  to  provide  access  for  the  electrolyte 
to  the  active  material,  and  passages  for  the  flow  of  current  during 
the  charge  and  discharge  of  the  plate.  The  rubber  tube  fits  very 
snugly  upon  the  active  material,  and  its  elasticity  allows  a  certain 
come  and  go,  maintaining  its  relation  with  respect  to  the  active 
material  during  the  alternate  expansion  and  contraction  of  the 
latter  in  the  process  of  charge  and  discharge. 

The  cylindrical  form  is  peculiarly  adapted  to  perform  this 
function,  and  the  amount  o(  electrolyte  surrounding  each  tube  is 
just  about  the  correct  proportion  for  the  active  pencil.  Each 
rubber  tube  is  furnished  with  two  oppositely  disposed  vertical  ribs, 
which  serve  to  stiffen  and  strengthen  the  laminated  tube  and  act 
as  separators,  entirely  taking  the  place  of  the  ribs  commonly 
provided  upon  the  separators  of  cells  using  plain  flat  plates. 

The  negative  plate  is  of  the  form  used  successfully  for  so 
many  years  in  the  “  jExlBe  ”  Battery,  but  in  order  to  enable  it 
to  withstand  not  only  the  increased  capacity,  but  also  the  greatly 
increased  life  of  the  new  “UrouClfl&oEXlBe”  positive  plate,  it 
has  been  made  somewhat  thicker. 

The  grid  of  the  negative  plate  is  of  the  standard  “  Ext&e  ” 
design,  facial  horizontal  bars  on  one  face  of  the  plate  being  in 
staggered  relation  to  the  bars  on  the  opposite  face,  the  whole 
being  united  by  vertical  ribs  at  intervals. 

The  wood  separator,  consisting  of  a  plain  sheet  of  veneer 
of  appropriate  thickness,  is  interposed  between  the  face  of  the 
negative  plate  and  the  vertical  ribs  of  the  rubber  tubes  of  the 
positive  plate. 

The  positive  and  negative  plates  respectively  are  united  into 
groups,  their  lugs  being  burned  to  pillar  straps  in  the  ordinary 

' y  An  improvement  on  the  pillar  strap  has  been  incorporated 
for  the  “  1IronClaO»l£xt&C  "  Battery,  by  slightly  pointing  the 
tops  of  the  pillars,  thereby  making  it  somewhat  easier  and 
quicker  to  burn  the  connections.  This  modification  is  also  being 
incorporated  in  the  straps  for  standard  “  JEXt&e  ”  cells. 

The  connector  used  in  the  UtOltClaB  ”  Battery  is  not 
rigid,  as  it  is  in  the  “  jExl&e  ”  Battery,  but  is  made  of  thin  sheets  . 
of  copper  lead  plated  to  protect  the  copper  against  corrosion,  and 
provided  with  an  alloy  terminal  at  each  end  recessed  to  receive  | 
the  pillar  of  the  strap,  to  which  it  is  integrally  burned. 

A  battery  assembled  with  these  connectors  has  a  very  neat 
and  businesslike  appearance. 

The  characteristics  of  the  cell  in  discharge  are  similar  to 
those  of  other  types  of  lead  storage  batteries,  the  potential  at  the 
normal  four  hour  rate  starting  well  above  two  volts  and  main- 1 
taining  a  fairly  uniform  value  throughout  the  discharge  until  j 
toward  the  end,  when  it  drops  more  rapidly.  At  1. 7 5  volts,  the  | 
cell  is  practically  discharged. 

Similarly  its  characteristics  during  ciiarge  are  like  those  ol 
other  lead  batteries,  the  voltage  remaining  fairly  uniform  through¬ 
out  the  major  part  of  tile  charge  and  rising  rapidly  to  its  final 
value  toward  the  completion  of  the  charge. 

The  internal  resistance  of  the  cell,  being  about  the  same  as\ 
that  of  an  “  EXlBC  ”  cell  of  corresponding  size,  the  variation  ill  | 
capacity  with  change  in  rate  is  about  the  same.  While  its  capa¬ 
city  decreases  a,t  a  less  than  constant  rate  of  change  with  increase 
of  discharge  rate,  yet  its  capacity  becomes  greater  at  an  increasing 
rate  as  the  discharge  rate  becomes  less.  This  is  a  valuable 
characteristic  of  the  lead  cell  when  the  elapsed  time  of  discharge 
is  extended. 

The  capacity  of  all  lead  cells  varies  slightly  with  changes  in 
the  temperature  of  the  electrolyte,  and  the  change  in  capacity 
besides  being  comparatively  small  for  comparatively  wide  varia¬ 
tions  in  temperature,  is  almost  uniform  and  so  continues  beyond 
anv  ranges  to  be  met  even  under  the  most  extraordinary 

Iany  ranges  to  be  met  even  unoer  me  muni  i 


The  new  battery  is  rated  initially  at  four  and  a  half  hours  at 
a  current  corresponding  to  the  four  hour  rate  of  an  “JEXtbC  ” 
Hattery  of  the  same  size.  For  example,  an  MV  “  UtOKClaO  ” 
positive  plate  is  rated  at  7  amperes  for  four  and  a  half  hours.  As 
the  battery  is  worked,  the  capacity  will  increase  to  from  five  and 
a  half  to  six  hours  or  even  more.  Cases  have  been  recorded 
under  somewhat  special  conditions  where  the  capacity  has  reached 
\  seven  hours  at  this  rate  before  beginning  to  decrease. 

The  gain  in  capacity  is  not  merely  temporary,  and  although 
increasing  at  a  comparatively  rapid  rate  it  decreases  very  slowly, 
so  that  the  actual  capacity  is  considerably  above  the  rating  for 
practically  the  entire  life  of  the  plates. 

The  dimensions  of  the  elements  of  the  new  battery  were 
proportioned  to  make  “  Hronclnb»l£xlbe  ”  elements  inter¬ 
changeable  with  those  of  the  “EXlbe,”  so  that  plates  from  an 
“  Exits e  ”  Battery  can  be  renewed  with  a  proper  fitting  element 
of  the  “  HronCla&»Ext&e  ”  type.  This  has  been  accomplished 
by  making  the  new  plates  in  both  MV  and  I>V  sizes,  and  of 
appropriate  thickness  to  be  mounted  upon  the  same  plate  center 
-pacing  as  that  of  the  "  ExlbC.”  Since  the  outside  negatives  in 
the  “  Uronclnb  ”  are  of  the  same  thickness  as  the  negatives  of 
the“  Exlbe  ”  Battery,  the  overall  dimensions  of  an  “  JrOllClab” 
clement  are  therefore  the  same  as  the  over  all  dimensions  of  an 
“  Extbe  ”  element  having  the  same  number  of  plates. 

Since  the  “  flrOUCln&oEXlbe  ”  Battery  will  give  four  and 
I  a  half  hours  at  the  four  hour  rate  of  an  “  SsXlbC  ”  of  the  same 
size,  the  capacity  is  12'/.  per  cent.  more.  This  relation  holds 
(throughout  any  practical  range  in  variation  of  rate,  since,  as 
'  already  stated,  the  internal  resistance  of  the  two  batteries  is  prac¬ 
tically  the  same. 

The  weight  of  an  ‘‘IJVOnClab”  Battery  is  about  the  same 
as  that  of  an  “  J-Xlbe  ”  Battery  of  corresponding  size,  a  9  MV 
“  Uronclnb  ”  cell  complete  weighing  less  than  one  pound  more 
than  a  9  MV  ‘‘Exlbc”  cell. 

It  is  in  durability  and  decreased  maintenance  expense  and 
trouble  that  the  “UVOUClnb”  Battery  will  demonstrate  its 
greatest  value.  In  number  of  discharges  its  life  will  be  from  two 
to  three  times  that  of  the  “  EXlbC."  On  account  of  its  greater 
rated  output  and  also  on  account  of  its  greater  percentage  rise 
above  its  rating,  the  ampere  hour  life  (or,  in  other  words,  in  mile¬ 
age  life)  should  be  over  three  times  that  of  the  “  ExlbC.” 

This  battery  has  advantages  never  before  realized  ..1  a„> 
lead  storage  battery,  and  tile  results  have  been  accomplished 
without  sacrificing  any  of  the  valuable  characteristics  of  the  lead 
cell,  which  have  enabled  it  to  maintain  its  prestige  for  the  last 
thirty  years  or  more.  These  advantages  include : 

High  individual  cell  voltage. 

Low  internal  resistance. 

High  efficiency. 

Ability  to  discharge  at  very  high  energy  rates. 

Increased  capacity  at  decreased  energy  rates. 

Freedom  from  injury  by  excessive  discharge  rates  up 
including  the  short  circuit  current,  which  is  many  time 
obtainable  from  any  other  type  of  storage  battery. 

Immediate  recovery  from  effects  of  overload. 

Low  coefficient  for  temperature  correction  and  unif 
of  its  value,  there  being  no  critical  low  temperature,  below 
the  battery  will  be  inoperative. 

Accessibility  in  case  repairs  are  necessary. 

Small  danger  of  explosion. 

A  dilute  sulphuric  acid  electrolyte  which'  lias  the  fol 
advantages : 

Variation  in  specific  gravity,  which,  when  measured 
hydrometer,  gives  an  indication  of  the  state  of  charge  or  dis 
of  the  cell. 

No  injury  by  exposure  to  air. 

Relative  freedom  from  injury  to  hands  or  woolen  clo 

4W:.  *•  "  “• 

No  soluble  substances  in  the  electrolyte  to  crystallize  put 
and  form  a  deposit. 

In  addition  to  the  above  features,  the  public  have  already 
learned  and  understand  the  simple  art  of  caring  for  the  lead  acid 

The  instructions  for  the  care  and  operation  of  the  “  Ilf  On* 
ClaO-JExlbC  ”  Battery  are  very  simple.  The  retention  of  the 
active  material  restricts  shedding,  and  the  result  is  that  these 
batteries  will  rarely,  if  ever,  require  cleaning.  The  rubber 
sheaths  being  of  insulating  material,  the  danger  of  internal  short 
circuits  is  therefore  reduced.  By  observing  the  few  salient 
features  of  operation  with  which  the  public  are  on  the  whole 
already  very  familiar,  the  new  battery  becomes  a  very  reliable 
and  perfect  piece  of  apparatus.  < 

This  point  may  be  emphasized  by  calling  attention  to  the 
very  small  size  of  the  instruction  book  for  the  care  and  operation 

Vv  (^un  ^(.U  erne  otxtj  ***** 

t  nr4^  ^  "  l*axS£a '”!  *£. 

-^lT?  (******  VlA*A 

Mr.  Thomas  h.  Edfton,  _  J*A*L^$£U. 

",  or“££Sl  r.  ilrf  U,  xaL  n-j  k«A. 

My  dear  Mr.  EdisonTT^  &€$«*.  "Twvft  wvtt  Irifiu+y  t('-*~*j,l 

to  you  in  connection  with  the  Woods/Sd  in  Chicago  R'eoord-lierald, V 

'fe  <UW  ^iX-aA*.  «W 

.hlol,  I  recently  meilee^you,  -  .ter^n 

endeavored  in  the  boldjt  w  £■"#!■?&  ^ L-8ll.b“C.  XSL  U!f 
tte  Bind,  battery.  “SX~  — 

oatelog.  Then,  upon  noting  theif  efforts  t<J  hurt  theEdigsa^ 
j  Wrote  them  that  while  .1  had  no  reason  to  doubt  the Jgif?  1 
of  that  portion  of  the  Woods  car  manufactured  by  them, 

I  was  greatly  surpriseQ>,o  see  their  public  attitude  against 
the  product  of  a  name  wfich^ VQ£&*d&**f&1Z* .  and 

the  product  of  a  name  wfich  •  and 

a  product  which  was  not  in  competition  with  any^article  in  their 
line  of  manufacture.  I  intimated  my  belief  that  this  procedure 
would  surely  prejudice  the  public  against  the  Woods  Co.  and  their 
product.  They  replied  that  they  would  be  only  too  glad  to  equip 
their  cars  with  Edison  batteries  whenever  desired,  etc. 

I  noted,  also,  «HJ«  in  your  ^^^e  Record-  ^ 
Herald  following  my  sending  you  the  Woods  ad,  thbffKalldf  atten¬ 
tion  to  the  attempt  being  made  to  prejudice,  people  against  the 

Edison  battery.  I  believe  they  have  since  abandoned  these  tactics 

Mr.  Edison,  -2- 

— publicly  at  least— and  am  pleased  to  note,  in  the  enclosed  "follovi-up” 
(which  of  course  is  not  a  personal  letter,)  that  they  have  come  down 
quite  handsomely  —  for  them. 

I  hope  that  there  is  a  largely  growing  demand  for  the 
Edison,  for  trucking,  as  it  occurs  to  me  that  this  use  of  the  battery 
will  be  of  three-fold  value  to  the  Company  : 

First,  there  is  a  pronounced  disposition  on  the  pert 
of  auto  pleasure-carriage  builders  to  give  large  attention  to  truckl¬ 
ing  and  light  delivery  —  the  beginning  of  a  world-wide  revolution 
in  urban  merchandise  handling,  and  this  is  the  Edison’s  great 
opportunity  to  take  a  prominent  place  as  a  commercial  motive  power; 

Second,  the  extraordinary  requirements  for  power, 
mileage,  lightness  and  endurance  give  the  Edison  opportunity  to 
demonstrate  its  peculiar  advantages  in  these  respects;  and 

Third,  I  believe  it  will  be  a  tremendous  advertisement 
for  the  Edison,  to  be  able  to  refer  in  a  large  way  to  the  multitude 
of  manufacturing,  importing,  wholesale  and  retail  establishments 
of  national  note,  who  .have  adopted  the  Edison  storage  battery. 

Such  an  array  of  well-known  names  will  be  very  impressive. 

Yours  very  sincerely. 

P.O.Box  351 


You  have  undoubtedly  observe^  that  there  is  ffreat  variety 
in  the  battery  equipment  of  Electric  Cars.  Unless  other 

are  taken  into  consideration,  it  may  be  confusing  to 
you  to  understand  these  deviating  selections  on  the  part  of 
the  manufacturer.  For  your  consideration,  therefore,  we 
call  the  following  to  your  attention. 

A  wide  car,  that  is,  one  with  a  great  seating  capacity,  has 
morewind  resistance  than  a  narrow  one,  and  for  that  reason 
requires  more  power  to  propel  it. 

A  frail  tire  causes  the  car  to  consume  less  power  than  one 
which  Is  of  a  mors  durable  construction.  The  power  that  • 
the  car  consumes  is  not  in, .proportion  to  its  weight,  that 
is,  doubling  the  weight  of  a  car  does  not  double  the  power 
that  it  consumes. 

In  designing  the  Woods  Electric,  we  had 

along  the  matter  of  low  operation  cost,  and  at  the  same 

time  a  large  and  comfortable  body. 

To  build  a  large  and  comfortable  body  “^ns  power.  A  low 
operating  cost  means  solid  tires  and  a  battery  with  heavy 
and  stable  plates. 

For  all  of  the  above  reasons  a  large  battery  equipment  is 
necessary,  namely,  40  cells  of  the  9  M.V.  Exide. 

We  use  40  cells  of  battery  because  this  can  be  more 


in'g8 current  w?S  a  rectifier,  the  advantage  obtained^ when 
similar^tir^equipment^and  Slows:- 



sates  for  additional  weight  of  battery  and  greater  life 
of  positive  plates  due  to  series  operation. 

Battery  plates  are  made  in  various  thicknesses.  Taking  the 
standard,  jar,  it  is  possible  to  put  in  either  nine,  eleven 
or  thirteen- plates  depending  upon  which  thickness  is  used. 
The  fewer  plates  represent  a  greater  life,  and  at  the  same 
time  a  lower  renewal  cost. 

When  we  first  began  to  manufacture  Electric  Vehicles,  we 
were  entirely  alone  in  the  Electric  Vehicle  field.  Our  En¬ 
gineers  adopted  a  forty  cell  equiptment  for  obvious  reasons. 
Our  experience  of  thirteen  years  has  never  shown  us  that 
our  first  idea  was  anything  hut  absolutely  right.  There  is 
not  another  Electric  Vehicle  Manufacturer  to  day  who  for 
more  than  two  seasons  has  used  the  same  battery  equipment, 
the  tendency  is  toward  the  forty  cell  battery  equipment 
by  all  the  vendors  of  Electric  Cars  who  can  arrange  to  have 
the  car  they  represent  equipped  in  that  manner . 

This  is  mentioned  to  show  you  that  Woods  Cars  are  designed 
along  predetermined  engineering  principles  rather  than  by 
a  cut-and-dry  method. 

In  this  connection  we  beg  to  state  that  whereas  we  have 
always  heretofore  furnished  the  type  of  battery  described 
above,  we  are  not  unmindful  of  the  fact  that  the  new  Edison 
Battery  is  being  given  wide  publicity  at  the  present  time 
and  in  common  with  all  other  manufacturers  of  Electric 
Cars,  we  very  earnestly  hope  that  the  claims  which  are  being 
made  for  this  battery  will  be  realized  in  actual  results . 

We  are  therefore  now  building  our  cars  to  accomodate  the 
Edison  Battery  and  if  our  customers  desire  this  Battery 
will  be  glad  to  supply  it  at  the  additional  co8t  of same, 
although  for  the  present  our  preference  is  for  the  lead 
Battery  which  is  a  known  quantity  and  has  proven  its  worth. 

If  there  are  any  points  in  regard  to  our  Battery  equip¬ 
ment  not  entirely  clear  to  you,  we  should  be  glad  to  have 
you  write  us  and  our  Engineering  Department  will  take 
pleasure  in  sending  you  a  report  that  will  specifically 
cover  your  inquiry. 

Attached  herewith  fin|Jplf  a  aozen  copieB  of 




December  I4th,  1910 

Edison  Storage  Battery  Co., 

West  Orange,  H.J. 

Gentlemen,  , 

On  May  1st. ,1910.  I  placed  one  of  your  B-4,  5  Cell 
Ignition  Batteries  on  my  automobile,  for  operating  my  Klaxon 
Warning  Signal. 

Since  that  time,  now  praotioally  eight  months,  my  car 
haB  been  driven  approximately  18,000  miles  in  daily  servloo. 

During  this  entire  period  I  have  never  put  a  drop  of 
water  in  the  batteries,  A1ID  HAVE  NEVER  CHARGED- THM. 

They  have  never  failed  to  operate  the  Klaxon,  and  are 
today  up  to  full  voltage  and  evidently  good  for  several  months 
more,  before  re-charging  will  be  neoessary. 

I  consider  this  a  wonderful  performance  and.  aB  the 
inventor  of  the  Klaxon,  cannot  too  highly  reoommend  yoUr  battery 
for  use  therewith, 



May  we  send  you  a  ) 

Catalogue  and  other 
information  about  the 
new  Edison  Storage 
Battery  ? 

Edison  Storage  Battery  Co. 

101  Ashland  Avenue, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Miller  Reese  Hut¬ 
chison  invented  the 
famous  Klaxon  Horn 
for  automobiles. 

Read  what  Mr.  Hut¬ 
chison  says  about 
the  Edison  Storage 



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SAN  FRANCISCO.  CAL..  3?eb,  4,  1911. 

Ur,  Harry  P.  Hiller, 

o/o  Edison's  Laboratory, 

Orange,  H.  J. 

My  dear  Harry: 

I  take  pleasure  in  introducing  to  you  Mr.  George  H. 
Stoddard,  general  manager  of  our  company.  He  is  tack  there  on 
a  mission,  trying  to  arrange  the  financial  end  of  the  company. 

You  will  find  him  an  energetr.  gentleman  and  any  favors 
you  may  show  him  will  he  greatly  appreciated  by  me. 

With  kindest  solicitation  for  your  family  and  yourself, 
I  beg  to  remain, 

Yours  sincerely, 


'Caldwell  National  Bank  Bulldlnft 

VALUWBLL.  N.  J.  Feb.  11,  1911. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Ti'etil  Orange,  IT.  J., 

Boar  Sir,- 

will/you  kindly  recommend  an  olctrio  automobile  using 
your  new  storage  battery,  ana  suitable  for  a  woman  to  operate. 

Edison  Storage  Battery  C 

0 ranee#  Hew  Jersey. 


Replying  to  your  inquiry  of  yesterday,  teg  to  Inform  you  that  price 
of  our  electric  brougham,  full  else,  accomodating  two  persona  la  $4,000.  additional 
for  Edison' a  proved  storage  battery,  consisting  of  60  cells,  type  A-6.  $1.*00. 
or  la  other  words  $80  per  cell  net.  Medium  else  brougham,  sane  accomodations 
aa  above  $3,900;  ooot  of  battery  according  to  number  of  cells  and  type. 

Concerning  equipment,  these  vehicle,  are  fully  equipped  for  city  use, 
pneumatic  tires,  las*.,  signal  bom,  ameter,  etc. 

Painting,  lining,  etc.  to  one's  fanoy. 

Trusting  this  information  will  serve  your  purpose  and  assist  you 
in  placing  your  order  at  early  date,  we  ar y 

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25,  19 

Hr.  Edison: - 

I  have  been  devoting  a  good  deal  of  my  time  to  getting 
matters  started  in  Boston. 

The  preliminary  results  have 

MAR  is  7  18 I  I 

i  Been  certE 

certainly  "electric". 

The  only  thing  that  we  have  to  guard  against  is  too  much, 

..  »„«.  ^  ~  ’-M  frY*' 

Jour  manufacturers  have  established  3oston  connections 
which  includes  the  Lanedea,  the  Walker,  the  ?.e.uch  &  Lang  and 
one  other,  whose  name  I  do  not  recall  at  the  minute.  All  the^«_^ 
agents  have  Bought  demonstrating  rigs.  Three  others  have  askeo. 
the  company  to  hunt  up  good  agents  for  them,  so  we  are  rer.sonrbl;, 
sure  that  things  are  going  to  hum. 

We  are  doing  a.  good  deal  of  publicity  work  in  tne  daily 
papers  as  well  as  the  trade  papers 'and  are  trying  to  induce  the 
manufacturers,  representatives  and  dealers  to  do  their  share  of 
the  advertising.. 

It  looks  like  Boston  will  eventually  turn  out  a  Big  winner. 

We  have  a  whole  program  mapped  out  ahead  to  keep  the  interest 
of  the  public  and  the  manufacturers  at  high  pitch. 

The  next  thing  on  the  program  is  a  meeting  and  a  dinner  to 
the  local  dealers  and  representatives  next  week.  We  will  at 
this  dinner  try  to  carry  out  your  idea  of  showing  absolute 

essity  of  long  demonstrations  of  both  Pleasure  Vehicles  and ,  x 

■  ^  ~7*“v 

iness  Kigs.t^ 


Business  Kigs, 

Also  we  will  nut  in  or.  earnest  plea  for  "team  work"  among 
all  the  dealers  and  representatives;  that  they  drop "knocking' each 

other  and  all  sail  into  hemmering  the  gasolene  oar  and  'incidentally  j 

^W^eamestly  Jis  sell  Electric  Automobiles  for  /business  and- 
pleasure.  . 

\7e  will  also  at  this  meeting  try  to  draw  out  all  the  Vehicle 
people  and  get  them  to  make  suggestions.  We  will  announce  at  the 
meeting  that  the  Company  proposes  to  give  free. electric  signs  to 
every  Electric  Vehicle  dealer  in  Boston. 

Another  thing,  the  gas  truck  people  have  sold  a  great  many 
more  oars  than  the  Electric  people,  because  every  time  a  protective 
buyer  came  up,  there  have  been  eight  or  ten  gas 'truck  fellows 
•  climbing  over  each  other.  .  If  the  machinery. of  one  fellow  did 

not  quite  hit  the  merchant  or  manufacturer  solicited,  the  persuasion 
of  the  speoial  features  of  some  other  truok  did.  Moreover,  the 
effect  upon  a  possible  customer  of  being  solicited  by  a  crowd  in¬ 
stead  of  one  or.  two  men  only  bears  the  ear-marks  of  success 

'  instinctively  to  his  mind.  .  ItaJLI 

.We  are  going  to  plav  that  on  the  Boston  people;  f-  O-t-  Hi 
Relieve  that  if  I  could  go  out  to  Chicago  and  get  them 
stirred  up,  like  I  have  Boston,  'the  fever >111- spread: .over1  .  •  " 
all  the  Central  Stations  of  the  country,  and  X  believe  that  it 
would  he  a  good  investment  for  you  tp  pay  me  the  vomall  -.amount' 

'■  involved  to  send  me  out  to  Chicago  to  stay  four  or  five  days  and 
-  get  -  their  organization  to  do,  just  what  Boston  is  -doing.  ... 

■  Why,  ,lir.  Edison,  if  the  Central  Stations  of  this  country;  once 

'  got  worked  up,  their  own  demand  will  keep  all  the  manufacturers  of 

Eieotri c  Vehicles  in  .'this  country  naming  night  and  day,  ana  you 
couldn't  possibly  build  enough  batteries  in  the  next  two  years  to 
supply  this  demand  alone. 

Boston  will  spend  over  §200,000  or.  it's  own  equipment  before 
it: finishes  this  year's  work,  because  they  have  m  nave  about  100 
Electric, Tfhioles  of  alljcinde.  Multiply' this  by  W bthet' big: 
StationsJ^md 'you°have  got  a^^mous  total. 

I  hope  you  will  agree  with  me/fhat  I  am  right  on  this. 




Boston  Office,  84  Stai 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

llewelleyn  Park,  H.  J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison: - 

X  am  just  in  receipt  of  the  following  letter,  dated 
April  6th,  from  one  of  my  oldest  customers  and  evidently  one 
of  your  oldest  admirers,  W.‘  K.  Dana,  Treasurer  of  the  Dana 
V/arp  Mills,  Westbrook,  Maine. 

"I  am  sorry  to  have  troubled  you  this  morning  but 
I  want  an  electric  or  gasolene  truck  to  ao  our  teaming.  I 
•prefer  an  electric  one  to  the  gasolene  ones.  I  want  to  get 
Is  near  headquarters  as  I  can  on  lLht^ 

always  believed  in  Edison  from  the  time  he 
Manlow  Park  and  my  faith  has  grown  stronger  in  him  all  the 

tlmS ’  My  teamsters  have  gone  from  horses  to. oxen  and  I  get 
out  of  patience  with  them  sometimes.  This  morning  is  one  of 

those  oooa^^ne  you  can  ao  or  any  information  you  give  me 
will  be  thankfully  received. " 

I  am  sending  you  this  letter  as  I  know  that  you  will 
be  interested  in  same ,  and  it  also  recalls  to  my  mind  the  many 
pleasant  remembrances  I  have  of  the  connection  which  I  had  with 
you  many  years  ago.  I  enclose  a  couple  of  blank  cards,  hay 
I  ask  that  you  send  me  your  autograph  so'  that  I  may  send  pjne  of 
them  to  your  old  friend  down  in  Maine?  He  is  a  man  of  seventy 
years  and  to  look  at  him  you  would  think  he  had  no  intelligence 
at  all,  but  ho  is  a  typical  "Down  East  Yankee"  and  I  know  you 
would  be  pleased  to  meet  him. 


-  faS* 

Edison  Storage  Battery  Co 

lf<r*  ^‘'/P0 

'  (Ler u-a**<“*T/ 


The  attscht  extract 
Chicago  Eecord-Herald.  It  oociRti 
dept,  might  be  8ble  to  make  use^^thj 

_  y  iw  H!* 

*  c«*s— 

Orange,  E.  d. 

H.  P.  Miller,  Seoty., 


*"foe  that  your  advg. 
jrggfem'ent  <*'•-«.  w^-«s 

Exide  Co. ,  which  constitutes  an.  argument  inf avou  of  the  Edison  j  q 

as  against  the  Exide.  I  bel^verr^ul^ interest 
if  he  hasn't  already  seen  it.  Cr'fr'  v 

In  looking  thru  01ews 

&  Co.’s  "Investment  Guide,"  a  small^5uipei!diuffi  of  injjgstpent  in¬ 
formation,  I  notice  that  the  Electric  Storage  Eattefe*-^.  is 
stated  as"owning  stock  of  several  companies  icanuf  acting  auto¬ 
mobiles'.'  This  doubtless  accounts,  partly,  for  thWrot  that 
some  of  them  mention  the  Edison  last— altho,  very  likely,  they 
think  it  is  not  to  their  interest  to  recommend  the  Edison  specially 
as  bein(=  essential  to  the  highest  efficiency,  their  prices  for 


Edison  Storage  Battery  Company, 

Orange,  H.  J. 

Mr.  H.  F.  Miller,  Secretary-Treasurer, 

Dear  sir  :  Sour  favor  of  27th  inst.  is  at  hand  and  I  am 
delighted  to  read  that  you  are  unable  to  keep  up  with  your  orders, 
notwithstanding  the  fact  that  capacity  is  being  continually  in¬ 

I  think  you  overlookt  iny  request  for  four  sets  of  literature 
on  batteries  for  automobiles,  including  four  Of  your  latest  illus¬ 
trated  catalogs.  Hoping  to  receive  same  by  return  mail,  for 
immediate  use,  I  am 

Yours  very  truly. 




Thomas  A.  hdison  Bsq. , 


..y  „ .  ... 

.:Mfr  <!/or£.  **  23r4’im*  ^  , 

®'  ©^U»  *U**’lK* 

oxi£=^*  f,  .jw—  ir>“  “ 

Ccuni  — ^  1^*a4»4  <&£- 

Valley  Hoad,  Wc^tA^C  ^WPV^''  r  "  /  /' 

west:  oranga  ^.  ^ 

*  *«  Hr.  Ml.*. 

I  hope  you  will  remember  me  as  a  neighborhof  yours  la 
Uewellyn  Park  when  I  wae  liT^ng^there  some  fourteen^ntteenyeare 

A  lady  ouetomer  of  ours  wlehee  me  to  inquire  of  you  what 
automobile  building  firms  handle  your  eleotrlo  engine  and  put  it  in 
their  oars.  This  lady  is  Mrs.  Clarence  Cary,,, and  she  is  somewhat  of  an 
invalid.  She  has  ridden  in  a  number  of  eleotrioal  machines,  and  tells 
me  that  your  engine  obviates  the  Jiolt  and  Jar  and  is  the  smoothes* 
running  engine  she  has  ever  seen.  She  wishes  to  build  an  automobile 
after  her  own  ideas  with  your  engine  in  it,  and  X  shall  be  very  much 
obliged  if  you  will  tell  me  what  oonoerns  use  it. 

Hoping  that  you  are  quite  well,  I  am, 

Youve  very  truly. 

•ws tll.  . 

U^t2>  U  ypw.»*f ■• 

-^jrfc  SfCt  ***£,  &ds*S-A&+«f  ■*f  *'**'* 

'  ’  — (fCc7 : 

*■'  \Sk*~  fi&eA* 

4^^'^frlr&-<1-'  '**•-  it<-|v4 

i  ,kj&&*  “t^Snt,,..  £Hc£.M  a*y 

C Scm**- 

SBjBB"'  ^  ' 

’  -64aszir^^  CUv~~4' 

tnc^.^ ttT  y  c 


^ational  electric  light  association 

lo  OHAHMM  n  nonauiNsoN  o» 

l  ' 

jfc&L-/'  XL cc<^e__  ^>z ^ 


T.  A.  Edition,  Esq., 
Edison  Laboratory 
Orange,  N.  J. 

I  thought  you  might  like  to  reoeive,  as  I  promiood  you,  a  full 
t  of  the  operation  of  tho  Bailey  phaeton.  I  intended  at  first  to  keep 
ivioed  from  tine  to  time  as  different  trouble's  developed  r.s  noted  by 
a  Kinesley.  but  we  soon  made  up  our  minds  that  this  would  be  an  endleo 

job  and  would  give  you  the  matto^in^etafc.  I  am  now  sending  you  in  his 
handwriting  a  statement  whioh  he  made  up  for  me  yesterday  and  whioh  gives, 

I  think,  without  further  comment,  the  actual'  status  of  the  oase.  I  agree 
with  Kingsley  that  the  maohine  is  not  a  oommeroial  proposition  along  its 
present  lines,  although  both  the  batter/  and  the  motor  are  in  splendid  oon- 


Edison  Storage  Battery  Co, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Mr.  H.  F.  Miller,  Seoty.-Treas. V 
Dear  sir  : 

\ATi-  an *JL*«1*£* 

r ui*M, 

I  have  just  read  .TiHSie'II&w  £>rl 

other  papers,  of  Mr.  Edison’s  annoitoeement ^bhat _ 

perfected  the  Edison  battery  until 'ft  may  now  be  charged]] 
three  to  five  minutes  for  a  f  1  f ty,-4 

the  battery  for  a  delivery  wagon  coutiT bepeld  i£ta  suit-ca 
Will  you  be  kind  ejiathgfoto.-qg^ig^' 
this  is  correct,  and  how  soon  you  c^fillorders  7 
to  illness  in  the  family,  I  deferred  .buying, 
this  spring,  but  if  the  new  battery  t 
delivery,  I  shall  be  very  glad  to  actf*WIfri2S-.  7f  [ ' 

It  occurs  to  me  thatthe  greatly  Q> 

weight  will  justify  a  much  lighter  caT^jprta|sji£^re#^’ 
plan  as  to  battery-space.  If  you  wilOwnaly  gUMMne  available 
information  in  this  connection,  and  advrse^^Wtr^ri^pitKrpuinber 
of  cells  suitable  for  a  pi-eesaife-eerii-age?  I  shall  Be  obliged, 

Does  Mr.  Edison  recommend  that  carriage  be  equipped 
with  several  groups  of  cells,  with  the  intention  that  first  one 
and  then  another  group  be  attached,  until  all  are  exhausted  7 
Or,  could  all  be  attached  in  one’circuit  ?  I  will  ask,  also, 
whether  150  to  200  miles  could  be  covered  as  before  7 

Awaiting  your  courteous  reply,  with  as  full  infor¬ 
mation  as  you  are  now  able  to  give  to  ray  inquiries  herein, 

I  remain 

Very  truly  yours,  a 

P.S.:  Will  you  please  mail  your  earliest 
literature  as  soon  as  ready. 

p  S-rA-fr 

s  '  T-t  «^>~  f  \ 

y/i^  * // 

V^  A"  |T OAsaZt  <&&*&**  C^t  U*y>  - 

^  S’  _.  ..  * A .  -  Qus  (>o-Sfic»U- 

fiA<*K<ptf  y^p.^Vu. 


x  .  ,  ,  u ^ 

i/ajvlxi- A***s  7 


,/^U^  — 



V7  >/  -  0  S  ,  , 

‘ZZiZ:  l£  y^f  % 

<-^  £{A/tl^  \ 

C&L*  Al/>^^'~'™^'‘  ~~Q  ".  \_  y 

^^JsttUy.  a*~6£>  ^  ;;£^44 
<  £^A^AIa,J^  ry-isJL.Jr£^£&.  <?az^5 

't».» -AAU^yJy-^ 

^  u,?  s  /  —>l_^-x-  s. 


o  ; 

,  Thomas  Edison, 

Dear  Slr:- 

•X~-~  €«*-«<>-“■ 

Suhjeots-  qreo!t  standing  op  S. _ 

We  have  been  r^gred^to  ^you  as 
standing  of  S.  R.  Bailey  &  0 oraPan2^ 

can  give  us  will  be  ver^mu^T^P^iated  and  we  assure  you 
will  be  treated  with  the  strictest  confidence. 

Yours  very  tryly,  / 


r^rffe*  - 30-17 to 

■  R.  BAtLE^i  &  ftX  Z 

Asst.  Treasurer.  ) 


Uy  dear  Sir: 

■  It  gives  me  pleasure  to  comply 
with  the  suggestion  of  Mr.  ▼llliam  H. 
Atkins.  General  Superintendent  or  Hie 
Edison  Eleatrio  Illuminating  Company 
o t  Boston,  and  forward  to  you  a  couple 
of  the  pennants  we  have  reoently  h^4 
madef  or  use  in  oonnsction  with  put;. 
eleOtrio  vehicle  campaign.  f 

1  Ms  are  giving  this*  to  the 
users  of  eleotrio  vshiolst  of  all  ; 
Minds,  and  they  are  generally  proud 
to  fasten  them  on  their  oars  for  the 
advancement  of  the  oause. 

fours  very 


ft .  5+tr^-y"  '<5f~ 

'  July  15,  1911. 

Mr,  Miller: 

'  Regarding  the  attached  letter.  I  took  same  up  with  Mr. 
Edison  Friday  night,  and  he  said  we  could  write  and  tell  them 
that  Mr.  Edison  would  he  glad  to  sell  them  all  the  batteries 
they  could  use,  hut  he  intended  to  huild  motors  for  his  pro¬ 
duction  only  and  that  they  would  not  he  on  sale  for  the  present, 
at  least.  They  will  he  used  entirely  by  the  lansden  Company 
and  Mr.  Edison's  new  delivery  wagon. 






The  Electric  Wagon  Company 

Sole  Agents  for 

Biff  Eana&fit  fflompang,  nf  Nfwark,  JJ.  3. 

35  Federal  Street,  E 
Room  521 


Hr.  Shoraas  A.  Edison, 

West  Oi-angoi  It.  J. 

Bear  Sir':- 

Perhaps  yoxi  will  recall  tke  writer's  visit  to  you  with  Hr. 

Ira  Hiller  of  Westfield,  Hass,  something  over  a  year  ago.  Hr.  Hiller 
at  that  tine  was,  one  of  the  directors  of  the  Couple-Gear  Freight-Wheel 
Company.  > 

As  you  are  no  doubt  aware,  under  the -title  of  "She  Eleotrio 
Wagon  Company"  we  have  since  ladt  liar  oh  boon  aoting  as  agents  for  She 
lansden  Company.',  Prior  to.  that,  for  something  over  a  year,  the  to  iter 
did  what  he  ooula  to  effeot  sales  on  the  lansden  product  without  an 
agdnoy  oontraot.;  As  the  books  show,  we  have  been  meeting  with  rather 
indifferent  suooess  in  marketing  the  lansden  product  and  after  careful 
consideration  have  cone  to  the  oonolusion  that  -this  is  mainly  due  to 
the  faot  that  the  product  is  liBted  so  high.  This,  to  our  minds,  alBO 
applies  to  the  product  of  competing  manufacturers. 

We  find  that  the  purchasing  public  seems  to  be  ready  to  buy 
eleotrio  wagons..  V/e  are  having  the  active  co-operation  of  the  oentral 
stations.  It  would  seem  that  under  these  conditions  the  business 
should  oome  now  with  a  rush,  but  it  doeB  not.  She  manufacturers  and 
their  agents  are  unable  to  show  in  the  majority  of  oases  that  the 
prioes  asked  are  justified., 

V/e  have  now  decided  here  to  assemble  some  light  delivery 
wagons  along  the  generally  aooopted  lines,  and  also  to  do  the  Bane 
with  industrials.  Y/e  oan  buy  the  needed  partB  and  put  thorn  together 
to  be  sold  at  a  price  far  under  anything  now  offered,  with  a  reasonable 
profit  to  ourselves.  V/e  do  not  include  in  our  plan  large  expense  for 
such  tilings  as  over-head, advertising  and  salesmen. 

Hr.  Holly  of  the  Storage  Battery  Co.  is  in  town  and  had  a  long 
talk  v/ith  our  Hr.  Wallace  last  night.-  Hr.  Kelly  advised  us  to  oonnuni- 
oate  with  you  personally  immediately.  He  Btated  that  the  Edison  Storage 
Battery  Company  would  be  glad  to  sell  us  batteries  at  the  regular  dis¬ 
count.  He  also,  gave  us  some  vary  interesting  information  about  your 
newly  designed  low  voltage  motor  which  .enables  a  vehicle  to  climb  steep 
hills  without  muoh  dropping  of  voltage. 

If  you  fool  that  it  would  be  advisable,  and  will  give  us  an 
appointment  at  your  oonvenienoe,  we  will  bo  glad  to  oome  over  to  i 
yo\i  about  all  this,  and  to  get  your  advice,  any  time  next  v/e  ok. 


The  Electric  Wagon  Company 

Sole  Agents  for 

®lff  CanB&pit  Company,  of  Neroarh,  Sf.  3. 


35  Federal  Street,  Boston 
Room  521 

w  i 


Vu^Aaa-,  \  — •  _ _ 

"W  juxcc^  5a 

Commonwealth  Edison  Company, 


Mr.  Kiomas  A.  Eli 

:““•  wTa  r  iC/ 

o/o  Edison  laboratories?* fflfjgsi  ^ffjr 

East  Orange  ,  Wow  Je ■>fr  >",s"  "  v*» 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison;  {j^T  '  \J**'  v*^  Y 

Since  receiving  yn^ir  letter  of  the  12th,  t^^6 
gather  with  telegram  from  P.  E.  Price  to  T7.  C.  Anderson  r agar. ding 
the  charge  for  service  at  the  Edison  Garage  in  Chicago,-!  have  had 
one  of  our  engineers  looking  carefully  into  the  method  operation 
and  have  had  him  discuss  the  matter  with.  Mr.  ^ric^.^rjsina  that 
the  Edison  Garage  is  being  billed  on  our  reg^fowor  ^ates  for  . 
automobile  charging,  the  same  as  otheAub^garagos  in  Chicago 
are  paying.  The  trouble  with  the  Edison  Garage  is,  the  cfonsump-,; 
tion  at  the  present  is  very  small,  running  only  3,000  : BSJH.  P« 
month.  The  quantity  at  the  secondary  price  Weing^^ll /the 
rate  earned  is  not  low  enough  to  come  below  ourJ^MOmum^fcioe  of 
five  cents  per  KWH.  K  the  Edison  Garage  JJ^4o^«^fficient 
business  and  doing  their  charging  °f 

short  periods,  the  rate  woulVeo 
based  in  such  a  way  as  to.  «iaj^  the  o^ 
the  longest  hours  per  da^to 
engineer  whom  I  have  had  looT^tVthis 
advised  me  that  if  the  charging  is  ^ 
would  probably  nm  about  four  cents  per 

lit’.  Mi: 

X  am  sending  y°u  enclosed  a  oopy  of  our  power 
schedule  for  this  class  of  servioe  so  that  you  will  see  at  once  that 
if  the  operation  were  good,  the  rate  would  he  low. 

You  prohahly  are  not  aware  that  our  rates  here 
in  Chicago  are  regulated  hy  the  City  Council,  and.  that  we  are 
obliged,  to  publish  rate  schedules  for  different  classes  of  service 
and  are  not  allowed  to  vary  from  these  sohodules  without  giving  the 
modified  rate  to  all  consumers.  Before  writing  you  X  have  ex¬ 

plained  the  whole  situation  to  Mr.  Insull ,  and  he  has  told  me  that 
under  the  circumstances  he  could  see  nothing  that  we  oould  do  in 
connection  with  the  matter  of  the  rate  for  eleotrioity. 

I  am  extremely  sorry  that  I  am  unable  to  do  any¬ 
thing  for  you  in  connection  with  this  matter,  and  trust  that  you 
will  understand  our  position. 

Second  Tice  President 

B.A.F.  HW 


Mr.  Y/.  0.  Anderson, 
Anderson  Electric  Oar  Oo. , 
Ddtroit,  Mioh. 

Dear  V/.  C.- 

X  have  this  morning  finally  succeeded  in  having  a  confer¬ 
ence  with  Mr.  Ferguson  of  the  Commonwealth  Edison  Company.  I o  make 
a  long  story  short,  I  was  told  very  politely  that  there  would  he  no 
chance  of  getting  a  lower  rate  at  'the  Edison  Battery  Garage  and  that 
the  Chioago  Commonwealth  Edison  Company  as  a  company  could  not  recog¬ 
nize  Mr.  Thos.  Edison  so  far  as  rates  were  concerned. 

Mr.  Ferguson  has  written  Mr.  EdiBon  to  that  effect.  Mr. 
Ferguson  brought  up  the  matter  of  the  charging  outfit  ^ioh  had  beon 
placed  in  the  Edison  Storage  Garage  stating  .in  a  very  gentlemanly  man¬ 
ner  his  opinion  that  in  a  way  we  had  repudiated  the  bill  for  this  work. 
He  stated  that  at  one  time  in  talking  with  Mr. 
stated  that  he  was  starting  a  garage  in  Chicago 

ine  annaratus  would  be  needed  and  said  to  Mr.  Ferguson  "Do  v/hat  you 
can  for  the  boys."  Mr.  Ferguson  claimed  that  because  of  this  remark, 
he  had  billed  the  charging  outfit  at  a  very  low  figure. 

I  am  having  an  expert  go  over  the  probable  cost 
ing  the  outfit  at  the  garage  and  am  qtiite  certain  that  Iwillbe  able 
to  state  on  good  authority  that  the  charging  apparatus  which  was  put 
in  by  the  Commonwealth  Edison  Company  did  not  amount  to  anywhere  near 
$1000.00,  however,  I  would  not  make  a  definite  statement  on  **i8 
I  absolutely  know.  Mr.  Ferguson  asked  me  if  Mr.  ^ayer  at  the  time  he 
signed  the  contraot  for  this  apparatus  was  an  officer  of  the  Edison 
Storage  Battery  Garage.  X  told  him  I  was  not  sure  whether  or  not 

he  was  an  officer  at  that  time  but  was  somewhat  of  the  opinion  that  he 
was.  I  dia  not  commit  myself  on  this. point. 

Mr.  Ferguson  seemed  quite  annoyed  at  there  being  any  aiBcus- 
sion  as  to  our  payment  of  this  charging  apparatus  and  I  was  quite  in-,..,, 
sistent  that  the  order  was  given  without  any  knowledge  on  my  part  as 
a  representative  of  the  Anderson  Electric  Car  Con® any  nei ther  m.s  the 
action  authorized  by  anyone  in  our  oompany.  Mr.  Ferguson  8®®“ed 
think  that  Mb.  Edison  had  over-stepped  his  bounds  when  he  gave  you to 
understand  that  he  could  do  anything  particular  toward  securing  any 
concessions  from  them. 

I  give  you  this . information  as  a  result  of  my  conference  this 
morning  with  Mr.  Ferguson. 

Mr.  Fergus  on  states  regarding  the  power  price  that  their 
prices  are  governed  hy  law  and  that  under  this  law  they  cannot  give 
special  rates  to'  any  particular  consumer,  no  matter  who  he  may  be  and 
as  evidence  of  this  fact  hh  handed  me  the  booklet  which  I  am  .mailing 
separately'*  tilling  my  special  attention  to  marked  paragraph  on  page 

Mr.  Ferguson  showed  ine  a  letter  which  he  had  written  and 
was  about  to  send  to  Mr.  Edison  regarding  this  matter,  the  gist  of  which 
was  to  the  effect  that  there  would  be  no  disoount  allowed  the  Edison 
Storage  Battery  Garage  for  power. 

Yours  respectfully, 


October- 31,  1911. 

I  have  the  name  and  address  of  65,000  owners 
of  Klaxon  horn*  Some  of  these  are  of  course  jobbers  and 
dealers /but.  quite  a  number  of  them  are  individual  owners . 

X  thSnk  it  would  be  a  good  plan  if  I  make  some  sort,  or  an 
arrangement  with  the  Edison  Storage  Battery  Company ,  whereby 
I  would  get  ignition  seta  at  9,0$  off,  and  conduct  an  aggressive 
campaign  with  the  Klaxon  owners,  offering  to  send  them  a  B-2 
or  B-8  Ignition  Set,  transportation  paid,  for  one  month  s 
trial,  with  the  understanding  that  if,  at  the  end  of  one 
month,  the  battery  does  not  come  up  to  its  guarantee,  that 
they  can  return  it  and  get  their  money  back,  less  the  trans¬ 
portation  charges.  I  am  naturally  familiar  with  this  line  of 
the  trade,  and,  such  a  letter  coming  from  me,  as  the  inventor 
of  the  Klaxon,  will  carry  some  weight  with  the  owners. 

If  you  are  willing  for  me  to  do  this,  I  will 
probably  take  this  man  Pryden  onto  my  pay  roll,  or  make 
some  sort  of  an  arrangement  with  him  to  whack  up  on  the 
profits,  and  let  him  attend  to  the  detail.  I  think  I  will 
be  able  to  dispose  of  quite  a  large  number  of  batteries  on 
this  plan.  I  might  also  put  a  few  ads  in  the  Trade  ..lournals 
addressed  to  the  owners  of  Klaxons,  which  would  roach  them 
very  quickly. 

I  am  anxious  to  see,. some  quick  results  on  this 
battery  sales  proposition,  an$  think  X  can  build  up  a  nice 

bUBine38  on  this  Klaxon  battery. 





llr.  Ehomas  A.  Edison,  ”  ' 

Orange ,  Hew  Jersey.  I 

Uy  loar  Mr.  Edison; 

I  was  very  much  disappointed  to  read  Mr. 
Price's  letter  to  Ur.  Anderson  under  date  of  October  23rd, 
which  you  were  hind  enough  to  send  me,  and  which  X  am  returning 
herewith,  as  it  does  not  fairly  describe  my  interview  with  him. 

X  tried,-  as  far  as  X  was  able,  to  be  courteous 
ana  fair,  ana  m  very  much  snrpris.d  that  *.  Mo.  should  ,«.ta 
„  a.  thlnhing  "that  Mr.  Edison  had  over-stepped  his  honnda  when 
h.  gave  yon  (Mr.Anderson)  to  nnd.rstand  that  ho  ooold  do  anything 
particular  toward  .soaring  any  iro.  th«»".  I  » 
quite  positive  that  1  made  no  sueh  statement.  hut  as  I  M-*1" 

It  this  statement  was  -do  by  Mr.  Moo  hl.soll  alter  I  had  ex¬ 
plained  to  hi.  that,  owing  to  the  Lot  that  our  prloos  ««o  gov¬ 
erned  ty  the  Municipality ,  it  was  Impo.slhl.  lor  us  to  -he  W 
dofloedsion  lor  the  however  mueh  we  would  11*.  to  do  so. 

I  ..  quite  sure  I  told  him  it  would  give  ms 

great  pleasured  do  anything  lor  Mr.  Edison,  p.r.onally,  that 
was  in  my  power,,  and  I  was  entremely  sorry  that  in  thia  ease 

wa.unahl.  to  do  scything  toward  modilying  th.  rates. 

4.  I  wrote  in  my  letter  to  yon.  1  talhed 

,1th  Mr.  Insull  belo»e  writing  you.  that,  thero  would  b.  no 

Mr.  Edison  -2- 

s-fcono  left  unturned  in  ray  endeavor  to  do  whatever  I  oould  for 
you  to  help  you  in  this  particular  situation. 

1  trust  that  your  knowledge  of  rao  and  ray 
method ■ of  doing  business  is  sufficient  to  assure  you  that  as 
far  as  X  am  personally  concerned  you  will  have  a  sauare  dqal 
in  Chicago. 

1.  A. 

\  Htf 

.  foqW 

Commonwealth  Edison  Company, 

November  Oth,  1911. 

Orange .  Mew  JerBoy.  ^  \y  '  /  rr  ( 

My  door  Hr*  Bills  on,  A*  ^  ' 

I  am  this  morning  inS^oipt  of  letter  from  Ur.  Boo 
vuilor  into  of  November  6th,  to  wliioh  ia  attached  Hr.  KLingel- 
smith's  letter  to  Mr.  Boo  with  your  notation  on  it  to  mo. 

X  am  very  glad  that  you  brought  this  matter  to  my 
attention  personally,  as  X  shall  take  great  Insure  on  your 
account  to  go  into  it  carefully,  and  will  make  it  my  personal 
business  to  see  that  Hr.  Stanley  Field  is  properly  acquainted 
with  the  facts.  You  have  probably  drawn  the  conclusion  from 
what  Mr.  Klingolsmith  wrote  Hr.  Bee  that  X  have  boon  advising 
Mr'.  Stanley  Field  on  the  detail  of  these  matters.  V/hile  it  is 
a  fact  that  I  cm  personally  responsiblo  for  the  purchase  by 
Marshall  Field  &  Company  of  Edison  batteries  for  then  trucks, 

X  have  not  gone  farther  than  this,  and  have  not  followed  the  ' 
operation  of  the  batteries  since  they  have  been  installed,  and 
was  not  aware  until  X  read  He.  Klingolsmith’ s  letter  to  U.  Bee 
that  the  conditions  were  so  bad. 

»“  oiIloe  “a 

UM  «  i-  «»  “  “  1  ***”?  Z 

.  .f  ■>*  «»  *"  “ 

ln  .  f„  .tout..,  f  —  *«  ««• 

trni  t.  «“■  “•  I”m- 

I  ,aa„  to  «■*  M1M” 

fiesi/  ''O-i 3| 


the  Bates  Advertising  Company 






Telephone  Numbefc 
442?  Wekman 

MOV  \  B  • ! 

Novembor  11,  1911. 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  vsq. , 

Orange  ,  N .  .T . 

5’y  clear  1’r.  Edison: 

The  policy  of  tho  Boston  Edison  Company  is 
broad  and  liberal.  In  its  dosiro  to  help  accentuate  to  the 
Trade  Press  the  rapidly  Trowing  scope  of  tho  Eloctric  Auto¬ 
mobile,  they  gave  the  "Commercial  Vehicle"  these  four  pages 
of  advertising. 

Tho  trouble  with  the  Automobile  Trade  Press  is 
that  they  don't  got  enough  support  from  the  Eloctric  Vohiclo 

You  observe  that  tho  Boston  Edison  Company  is 
going  very  far  afield  in  its  earnest  dosiro  to  benefit  tho 
Trade  in  general,  as  well  as  itself  in  particular. 

The  Boston  Edison  Company  will  help  any  con¬ 

certed  movement  among  the  pleasure  vehicle  makers  .lust  as 
it  has  by  this  advertisement  endeavored  to  secure  tho  co-opcr- 
atior.  of  the  "Commercial  Vohic^j." 

Yours  verje/tru W, 


Flfririr  Automobile  Activity 


Within  the  570  square  miles  of  territory  served  by  The  Edison  Electric 
Illuminating  Company,  of  Boston,  lies  the  greatest  natural  field  for  Electric 
Automobiles  that  exists  in  this  country.  Because  of  the  great  wealth  per 
capita,  the  density  of  population,  the  splendid  roads  and  highways,  the  many 
beautiful  inter-dependent  suburbs  and  this  rich  community’s  great  enterprise 
and  progressiveness,  which  has  made  Boston  a  remarkable  electrical  center— 

Because  of  all  these  facts,  this  territory  is  particularly  susceptible  of 
cultivation  by  the  electric  automobile  interests. 

Taking  advantage  of  the  natural  conditions,  The  Edi¬ 
son  Electric  Illuminating  Company  of  Boston  began  six 
months  ago  an  active  campaign  of  Publicity  and  Co¬ 
operation  that  will  embrace  a  period  of  three  years. 

It  has  already  succeeded  in  increasing  the  demand  for 
Electrics  in  this  New  England  Territory  to  such  an  ex¬ 
tent  that: 

The  number  of  manufacturersrbranches  and  agents 
has  more  than  doubled. 

2.  Yet  so  greatly  has  the  business  increased  that  the 
older  established  houses,  without  exception,  report  an 

addition  of  from  too  per  cent,  to  200  per  cent,  in  their 

This  great  change  has  been  brought  about  in  the  short  f. 

period  of  six  months.  It  has  been  brought  about,  not 
alone  by  The  Boston  Edison  Company’s  advertising,  and 
the  Company’s  substantial  and  growing  purchases  of 
Electrics  in  its  own  business,  but — 

The  cause  lies  even  deeper: 

The  Boston  Edison  Company  is  giving  tile  support 
of  its  own  complete  service  and  its  active  co-operation 
to  both  purchasers  and  manufacturers  of  electric  auto¬ 

That  the  use  of  the  words  “Service”  and  “Co-operation”  are  not  idle  terms 
may  be  judged  by  an  examination  of  the  next  succeeding  pages.-  ' 


The  Electric  Vehicle  Situation 

In  order  to  produce  the  greatest  co-operation  and  con¬ 
sequent  strength  for  the  entire  industry  in  Boston,  it 
was  necessary  that  all  manufacturers,  representatives 
and  dealers  meet  upon  a  friendly  plane  and  unitedly 
"boost”  the  Electric  Automobile. 

Accordingly,  the  Boston  Edison  Company  suggested 
a  closer  affiliation  of  all  interested  in  the  Industry.  Tile 
result  was  the  Electric  Vehicle  Club  of  Boston. 

This  Club  meets  in  the  Assembly  Room  of  the  Boston 
Edison  Company  sharp  at  12.30  P.  M.  every  Wednesday. 
An  invitation  to  attend  is  given  all  visiting  manufac¬ 
turers  and  their  representatives  at  all  times. 

the  electric  vehicle  club  of  boston 

At  these  weekly  conferences 

m  1,1C5C  weciuy  tu......  «....«>  „  iderful  amount  of 

friendly  co-operative  work  has  been  developed,  with 
active,  aggressive  standing  committees  formed  on  all  the 
following  lines : 

(1)  Committee  on  Co-operative  Advertising. 

(2)  Committee  on  Electric  Signs. 

(3)  Committee  on  Vehicles  and  Electric  Shows. 

(4)  Committee  on  Rates. 

(5)  Committee  on  Garage  and  Charging  Stations. 

(6)  Committee  on  Publicity. 

(7)  Committee  on  Arbitration. 

(8)  Committee  on  Co-operation  between  the  Club 

and  Boston  Edison  Company. 

•  (9)  Committee  on  Public  Meetings. 

(10)  Committee  on  Lists  of  Prospects. 

Boston  offers  a  great  campaign  of  Publicity,  Purchase  and  Co-operation  to 
increase  Sales  and  benefit  customers.  It  offers  these  facilities  broadly  to  all 
Purchasers  and  likewise  to  all  Manufacturers  of  Electric  Automobiles  and 

■_  The  Edison  Electric  Jtaninaj^ 


December  7,  1911# 

Mr.  Edison, - 

The  present,  method  of  putting  up  ignition 
cells  for  automobile  work. is  not  Practical.  Especially 
does  this  obtain  when  considerable  amounts  of  _current_are 
necessary,  as  when  “bio wing. Klaxons • 

They  are  now  placed  in  trays',  which,  in  turn, 

no  t  WCSM&  full  voltage . 

It  would  seem  much  cheaper  and  easier  for  us  to 

■3  will  reach  the  critical  point. 

Furthermore,  the  cells  can  be  Piaced  .closer  to- 

Inasmuch  as  Edison  Battery  will  shortly 
Laro’^ly  for  furnishing  current  for  lights,  etc.,  ,  „ 

is  important,  and  should  be  corrected  before, 
injury "is  "'donetothe  battery's  reputation  for  this  purpose. 


the  Bates  Advertising  Company 






Telephone  Numbefe 
4420  \  . 

442T  Beekman 

4422  J 

December  13,  1911. 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J.  #-•'/  />4j 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison s- 

In  the  Year  of  our  Lord  1903  there  was  not  an  Electric 
Light  Company  In  this  country  doing  any  orderly  or  systematic  ad¬ 
vertising  —  a  desultory  notice  here  and  there  waB  all  that  ever 
cropped  out.  I  began  a  stirring  campaign  for  The  Boston  Edison  Com¬ 
pany,  for  Tho  Commonwealth  Company  of  Chicago,  for  Henry  L.  Doherty, 
Stone  &  Webster  and  J.  G.  White  Companies. 

The  success  of  all  this  work  was  so  tremendous  that  lit¬ 
erally  milliona  of  dollars  have  been  spent  since  the  awakening  of 
all  the  other  Electric  Light  Companies.  Does  this  suggest  any  possi¬ 
bility  to  you  of  what  is  going  to  happen  in  the  Electric  Vehicle 
field  as  a  result  of  my  Boston  work  —  and  the  magnificent  support 
of  the  Boston  Company? 

The  head  of  a  large  Electrical  Manufacturing  plant  told 
me  a  little  while  ago  that  he  considered  my  work  had  sold  more  Elec¬ 
tric  apparatus  than  any  other  single  man's  in  this  country  (as  they 
say  in  the  Postum  Advertisements,  name  on  request.)  The  same  re¬ 
sults  will  happen  on  advertising  and  sales  planning  for  Electric 
Vehicles  as  I  secured  for  other  electrical  apparatus. 

Already  there  is  an  awakening  a mong  the  Central  Stations 
in  a  few  of  the  more  enterprising  companies  scattered  here  and  there, 
but  there  will  be  no  general  awakening  until  the  Boston  experiment 


of  expanding  the  Industry  by  Injecting  a  third-of-a-million  dollars 
into  the  situation  has  been  proved  an  enormous  success.  This  will 
carry  its  own  lesson  to  everyone  of  the  6,000  Central  Stations  in 
the  United  States  whoso  comblnod  capital  is  nearly  2*  billion  dollars. 

There  is  a  time  factor  in  making  other  people  sec  the 
things  you  want  them  to  see,  however  logical  your  position.  I 
have  noticed  that  myself  with  you  gentlemen  of  the  E.  V.  Industry. 

It  takes  time  to  get  a  new  idea  through  the  heads  of  the  managers 
of  Electric  I.ight  Companies  just  as  it  does  anyone  else. 

I  took  the  financial  head  of  a  large  banking  house  out 
to  Orange  to  see  Ur.  Edison  the  other  day.  In  the  course  of  an 
hour' s  talk  he  told  how  it  took  6  or  7  years  for  the  people  to  first 
wake  up  to  the  value  of  electric  light.  '  But  people  act  quicker  ~ 
live  quicker  —  than  they  used  to.  All  the  active  Electric  Light 
Companies  will  fall  in  line  after  Boston  has  proved  out,  whether  it 
be  3  years  from  now  or  one  year  from  now. 

It  is  going  to  take  the  other  Central  Stations  considered 
as  a  mass  3  years  to  thoroughly  wake  up  to  the  Boston  situation 
under  ordinary  conditions,  because  an  ordinary  man  cannot  see  in  ad¬ 
vance  the  force  of  an  undeveloped  situation  --  it  has  to  be  proved 
out  to  him,  it  has  to  be  demonstrated  --  and  then  some. 

Without  your  help  I  can  show  the  Central  Stations  of  the 
country  an  enormous  demand  for  Electric  Vehicles  in  the  Boston  Terri¬ 
tory  in  the  next  3  years. 

But  with  your  help  I  can  do  this  very  same  thing  in  1  year. 

In  the  6,000  Central  Stations  in  this  country  there  are 
to-day  at  least  400  splendid  business  organizations.  You  can  turn 
everyone  of  these  business  organizations  into  a  booming  machine  for_ 


Electric  Vehicles  once  the  management  sees  the  light. 

All  of  you  gentlemen  in  the  Electric  Vehicle  Industry 
together  could  not  create  those  400  selling  machines  in  10  years 
of  work.  Yot  they  are  there  and  their  energies  are  being  directed 
otherwise  than  in  the  advocacy,  promotion  and  exploitation  of  Elec¬ 
tric  Vehicles. 

And  all  this  is  true,  gentlemen,  word  for  word  and  line 
by  line,  and  yet  I  do  not  seem  to  have  been  able  to  show  you  where 
your  interests  lie  in  getting  out  of  the  rut  of  the  deadly,  daily 
thump,  thump,  thump  to  do  a  little  something  unusual  in  Boston  to 
help  yourselves. 

The  ragged  little  urchin  has  my  sympathy  who  used  to  go 
before  the  foot  lights  and  sing  — 

"Gee l  but  it's  hard  when  yop  ain't  got  a  friend.' 

Yours  very  truly, 


( /\xifylUuu J 

the  Bates  Advertising  Company 





Telephone  Numbefc 
442°  1 
4421'  I 
4422  J 

December  15,  1911. 

Uy  dear  Mr.  Edison:- 

Don’t  worry  any  by  thinking  I  am  giving  up 
trying  to  make  the  Electric  Vohicle  Manufacturers  sec  my  point. 
Some  of  thorn  are  already  spending  a  lot  of  money,  but  X  want  them 
all  to  boost  Boston  sales. 

T7e  have  not  started  to  fight  yet  and  we  are  going  to 
>  of  our  unregonerated  friends  in  the  Industry  aroused 
£ly  before  wo  get  through.  Some  of  them  are  already  aroused 
and  extra  money  for  demonstrating  vehicles  and  advertising  and 
salesmen  is  being  spent  in  Boston.  But  having  by  the  letters  I 
have  sent  made  merely  a  feint  I  am  now  going  to  start  in  and  out¬ 
flank  them. 

The  next  few  letters  will  be  sent  by  the  Superintendent 
of  the  Automobile  Department  in  Boston  and  then  I  will  have 
Mr.  Atkins,  the  General  Superintendent  open  out  on  them.  Finally, 
Mr.  Edgar’s  thunder  must  be  added  to  the  din  of  battle  and  I 
will  bet  an  Edison  Battery  against  a  lead  outfit  (Heaven  knows 
that’s  odd  enough!)  that  instead  of  waiting  several  years  for 
them  to  see  things  in  the  chimpanzee  way  they'll  get  the  light 
in  the  next  few  months. 

Please  remember  I  have  not  really  started,  I  have  just 
been  taking  in  a  breath  before  the  pistol  cracked  at  the  sprint 


the  Bates  Advertising  Company  ^ 

OFFICE  OF  4420  1 





December  15,  1911. 

Thos.  A.  Edison  Esq., 

Orange ,  If.  J. 

l!y  dear  Mr.  Edison: - 

Something  tells  me  I'm  a  failure! 

I  have  kept  iterating,  re-iterating  and  re-re-re-re¬ 
iterating  a  vital  fact  in  the  progress  of  your  business. 

But,  I  can't  get  it  over  to  you. 

You’ll  see  it  all  right,  after  it’s  all  done  —  3 
years  from  now.  If  I  possessed  power  to  make  you  see  it  to-day 
we  could  cut  that  3  years'  period  down  to  a  single  year. 

If  I  could  make  you  see  it  now,  you  couldn't  fill  your 
orders  one  year  from  this  day* 

Boston  has  started  out  to  help  you  by  spending  l/3  of 
a  million  dollars  in  a  single  year. 

Neither  their  doing  it  or  my  telling  you  about  their 
doing  it  has  moved  you  a  single  hair's  breath  so  far  as  your 
material  aid  is  concerned. 

That1 s  why  I  am  a  failure! 

Yet  Boston's  movement  is  going  to  be  duplicated  all 
over  the  country  in  3  years. 

You  can  get  that  giant  movement  going  in  a  year  if  you 
would  spend  a  fraction  of  what  Boston  is  spending. 

I'm  no  artist,  but  if  you'll  come  down  to.  my  office, 
I’ll  dip  a.jpaint  brush  in  some  vermilion  red  ink  and  try  to  paint 

a  picture  of  a  nap  of  the  United  States  and  then  put  a  circ 
around  over  100  cities  that  I  know  will  stand  from  §5,000  1 
§35,000  each  in  a  single  year  after  the  Boston  situation  h£ 

Incidentally,  let  me  close  my  record  of  a  failure 
achieved  by  saying  that  it  wouldn't  tako  much  load  off  tho  point 
of  your  pencil"  to  figure  what  such  a  total  in  100  cities  would 
mean.  It  is  a  good  deal  more  money  than  all  of  you  gentlemen 
spend  together  in  your  National  advertising. 

And  there’s  300  more  small  cities  with  splendid  business- 
getting  organisations  that  ought  to  be  working  day  and  night  to 
help  push  tho  E.  V.  business. 

Will  you  tell  me  as  a  personal  matter  before  I  close 
this  unproductive  correspondence  just  where  I  have  failed  .o  make 
the  point?  I  see  it,  Boston  sees  it.  Wherein  —  how  —  has  my 
attempt  fallen  down  to  make  you  see  it?  Have  I  been  too  earnest 
have  I  been  too  "sassy"  —  is  there  any  possibility  of  a  chance 
that  the  fault  is  yours? 

At  any  rate  —  Goodbye  —  I'm  a  failure  as  far  as  you 
are  concerned  and  there’ s  no  satisfaction  in  the  knowledge  that 
you  arc  the  loser.  Although  Boston  doesn’t  get  a  dollar  of  co¬ 
operative  help  from  you  she  will  work  out  her  own  plans  in  3  years 
time.  If  you're  satisfied  I  have  to  be:  Goodbye. 


December  27, ■  1911. 

Mr.  Sdison,- 

I  have  your  memorandum  "Find  some  more  flaws  in  this 

guarantee"-.'  ' 

I  didn't  find,  attaohed  to  this  memorandum,  any  guarantee 
to  find  flaw 8  in. 

I  did  find  a  masterpiece  for  the  front  cover  of  "Puck". 

,  it  iB  possibly  a  good  thing  that  our  good  friend  hark  Twain 
has  passed  away.  If  he  had  not  already  done  eo,  a  P.erueal  of  this  1 
king  of  jokes  would  cauBe  him  to'  do  eo,  from  sheer  envy. 

1,  An  unsuspecting  man  in  Key  'Seat,  Fla.,  bought  a  car 
equipped  with  Iro'nolade.  After  the  car  delivered,  and  someone 
tells  him  about  .this  guarantee,  -he  discovered  that  the  particular 

make  of  car,  he  has  le  not "approved." 

2.  When  ordering  an  "approved"  oar,  our  Key  West  fpiend  . 
specifies  some  make  of  tire  that  hae  given  him  good  eoryice  in  mach¬ 
ines  he  has  owned  before.  When  he  goes  after  hi:e  guarantee,  he  finds 

the  tires  on  that,  machine  are  not  "approved." 

.  3.  ■  He  buys  an  approved  car  with  "approved"  tires,  ie  out 

in  the  'country,  and  gets  a  blow-out.  He  must  be  sure  to  buy  another 
tire  of  the  earns  make,  or,  failing  to  find  each  in  ft ocal  dealers' 
garages he  must  lay  his  car,  until  one  of  theee  "approved"  tires 
oomea  from  the  factory.*-  q-  - .■ 

iJAC  ...  4,-  In  .the, 'beginning,  ,the  ^guarantee"  states  ;that,  Buop 
will -be  .given,  but  in  the'  last  paragraph,  -It  states  that  . the  guar- 
antes  is"  not  binding;  unless  accepted  by'itha^wneir;v,and;icountersigned  * 
by  an -officer i of  the  neotric  Storage  Battery  Company,  at  Philadelphia 
Pa.  What  is  there  to  indicate  that  the  offioir  of  the  Company  will 

countersign  it? 

5.  ;Vhen  I  was  in  the  export  erai*  business  with  my  father, 

he  sometimes  had  three  and,  four  carloads' of  grain  lost  for  four  or 

tire  months'.  Our  Key  West;  friend's  ca*.  and  battery,  get  lost  on  the 
way  from  the  factory.  He  doesn't  make  his  app#ation  for  guarantee 
until  the  oar  is  received.  Too  lata. 

, ,  <5 .  The  cus  tomer  buys  his  battery  fro*  one :  Cf  •  the,  JIxide 
depots ,It  was'  shipped  from  the  factory  over  fifty. days  before.  No 
guarantee  In  order . 

.  7,  "Upon  rsquest"  indicates  the  company  is  afraid  of  the 

battery,  or  the  guarantee  would  go  with,  the  shipment,  irrespective  of 
the  request,  f/hat  fool  would  not  Request  a  guarantee  if  he  knew  tfcat 
one  existed? 

8.  Thej|^ssume  he  will- not  hear  of  it  until  after  sixty 
days  from  the  time,  the  battery  is  shipped  from  the  works.  Then  it 
will  be  too.  late|  They  are  simply  Gambling  on:  sixty.  dayB  ignorance, 

9-.  The  purchaser- order s- two  oars,  Cne.  with  Bxide  Hyoap 

and  the  other  with  JSxide  Ironclads  Both  identical.  He  wants  to 
place  the-  Ironclad  into  the  car,  with  Hycaps,  but  -0  cannot,  do,  it, 
because  the  serial  number  of  the  Hy  cap  car  is  not  the  same  as  the 

aerial  number. 'of.  the  Ironclad  oar.  . ' J " "  '  "• 

sc  ,  ■,  ,j-i  lo  ,  ••'What  about  the  connections  between  ceils  which  we 
know  oorrodeT-and  fall  a-part.  Nothing  but  the  plates  ’aro  mentioned. 

.  :  ;  ,11.  It  Is  common  knowledge  that  wood  separators  do  not 
last  over  leighteen 'months;- The^ajcritybf  them  only  last,  twelve 
months. 'I  ‘don’t  suppose  there  is  a  lead  burning  outfit  in  the  whole 
town  of  Key  West.  That  means  our  Key  Westfriendmuatsend  to 
.  Pensacola  or  Mobile  for  a  man  with  a  hydrogen  flame  outfit.  He  takes 

,ii  a.  0.11.  •**',  break.  •  *  ***  J“‘' 

Ih'thi  operation.  The  o.ner  h.e  to  buy  »„  pl.t.. 

Al.o  n.ri.r.  and  e.p.r.t.r. 

in  under1  the " guarantee " . 

12.  Irv  ousting  Hk4“M.W  Jars, ‘’blow  holes  ooour,  uhioh 
2.  „.t  presence  »»«1 

.train,  Then  the  produced  «»  *»«•««•» 

dear,  i  «...  .  «-n  »«»•«'  .«•  **»•«•  P"  ‘ 

p.ttdry.  -Mush  trouble  fro.  looal  action..  Tested  .the  Jere  by  filling 

there  ,1th  shot,  and  placing  In  a  Pox  of  .Hot,  «P  to  \/\  of 

Subjected  shot  in  ..on  comportment  to  a  P .  P.  of  10,000  eolt. 

Theoretically,  the  of  rueb.r  ehould 

ThO  majority  of .  thorn  Jumped  through  ut  2.000  eolte.  1  then  tee... 

large  battery  Jar.,  und  «-*  *•**  »«•'«  ““  U““'  ”«“■ 
ov.r  5.000  volte.  In  »■"»  »k»»>  1 

Jar.  of  Ironolade,  and  .ho  pay.  for  ««  o.ll  that  1»,  InJnrod  hy 
.elution  leaking  out.  whilfe  the  cell  -l 8  Ohwged? 

;  >  13 ,  The'  sebond  paragraph  of  the  "guarantee”  ie  eup erflu- 

oue.  No  other  oonoern  has  been  insane  enough  to  try  to  make  such 

i4.  When  'you  huy  an. tfutomohilef  tire,  for,'  say,  $  • 

,w.  guaranteed  for  5.5001  mil,., .  Writ  hlo.B:  out  at  2,000  lolleo.  . 

and  yo*.t«r«  ifto  the  mruter,  and  provided. the' hl.o.-ont  ha.  net 

h.en  oaueed  by  a  .ton.  brul.o,  er.  by  runilhg  the  tire  ble.n  up  tee 

HUrd  Vop!  rio  t  running’ i  t  blOwnr  up  ‘hard’ ‘enough1,-  or  provided  the  ,tlr. 
not  Buffering  fro.  .ten.  brul.o.  y.:»  .lli  .«  •  -  —  “  ““ 
•  heeler  Yen  are  oh.rg.d  elth  20/SSthe.  er  d/7  ef  5.500  .11...  and 

■credited  with  or  3/7  of  .3,500  mil'es .  Hence,  by  paying 

121,44',  you  get  a  new  shoe. 

•  >  You  remove  the -tire  'from  the  car  at  2,000  miles,  before 

anything  has  happened 'to .it,  but  because;  it  is  get  ting  ragged  look¬ 
ing.  You  'send  it  back- to  the  -factory,  and  you  'get  your  riew  shoe  'by 
paying  $21,44.  As  a  rule,  the  tire  companies  are  fair  in  this  matter. 

-  15.  You  -buy  33  cells  of ‘Ironclads  .for  $600 .00;.  At  .  the  end 
of  say,  10,000  miles,  if  you  have  -lain  nights  and  d^udied 

the  book  of  instructions,,  and  have  neglected  your  business  to  follow 
them,  and  they  "lilcw  out"  -  down  and  out  with  capac^  of  less  than 
one  .ten  thousandths  of  an  inch|:per  charge,  you  make  a  noise  like 
a  :  If  you  ara  living  in  Kew  West,  you  must',  send  for  somebody 

to  burn  the  cells  apart.  Then  empty  thei-out,  pack  them  properly, 
and  ship  them  to  the^earest  -feldo  depot"  which  may  bd  St.  Louis. 

The  agent  . in  St.  Louis  can't  decide,  and  forwards ‘them  to  the  factory 
The  factory  man  takes  his  time  to  consider  it,  and  we  will  say,  within 
twelve  months  (no 'time  specified  in. guarantee)  |ou  learn  that  by 
paying  $300.00,  you  can  have  another  Ironclad.  Then  you  pay  freight 
•from  St.  Louis 'to  Ecy -West,  :s'P|f or  your  lead-burning  man,  .and  ■ 
b  tart  in  again . 

16.  You  buy  an  Efide  Battery,  run  it  a' few  thousand? miles , 

and  then  decide- you  do  not  want  another  one.  You  oan't  have  the. 

time'  due 'you,'  credited'  on  a  s traight  Exide  battery . 

'It  is '^^onblad  or. nothing. 

•  .  .■  ■■  *  i7‘i  :  capacity  per'"  charge  is- specified;  If  the  oar;  will 

only  go  three  inches  per  charge,  it  is  up  to  you  to  keep  charging  it 
and  going  those  three  inches  for  three  years,  or  until  the  plates  are 
•worn  out".  The  words  "worn  out"-  certainly  maan"capaoity  to  do,  no 

work  whatever.*  , 

. •  isl  j^ooo  miles  in  ‘three  years  1»  orily  18  Wilee  per  day, 

hut.  this  'is  reasonable’  mileage  for  an  elecWibi  Average  *df  ah ^Inritrio 
oar  ia  4,800  miles  per  year,  or  a  little  over  13  miles  per  day.  On 
thio  basis,  a  pleasure  vehicle  which  has  beerTin  commission  365  days 
in 'a  year',  and  for ’  three  lyeard,  ^ul^  only  ‘  miles  within,  the 

three  years V- On  a  basis  of  75  miles  per  cHarge,  this  would  only  be 
200  cycles ►  300  cycles  is  the  acknowledged  !«•«  °*  »  lefxd  cell,  so 
they  theJ*efo'*e  are  calculating  on  only  47  miles  per  charBe  average . 
This  shows  they  expect''  the  battery  to  “ lose'  capacity. 

"  xp.  All  time  ior  repairs  and  waiting  for  renewal  plates 
from  tiie  f  ac to  ry , "  coun t  in  on  the  three 'years  .  H  is  therefore ;  evident 
that” the  time  feature  is  of  more  imphrt  to  them  than  "the  mileage 

1  i>  :  so''.  Please  note  that  nothing  can  be  done  in  the  way  of  , 

renewals,  .at  any  price’,  until  the  plates  are  Worn  out .  In  this;  '•  = 
respect,  the'  alleged  guarantee  is  not  at  all  comparable  to  the 
guarantee  of  tire  manufacturers,  that  Is  W-lf  full  of  stone-bruise  . 
and  rim-cutting  holes. 

21.  ‘X  tne  ja«etrlc  storase  Batt’ry 

Company  would  signluoh  1 ‘guarantee  as  this,  without  a  few  more 
strings  that  .do  not  appear.  Per  instance,  they  say  nothing  about 
following  instructions  for  the  care  and  upkeep  of  the  battery..  They 
surely  -would  rfo't.  cend:  out  ;a  guarantee ,, unless  it.  is  ^specified  therein 
that  -the  cells  must  bevoar ed^qr  as,  p,qrrTin,3,t®qtionB,.  ;If  they  do  not 
make  this  proviso,  they  are  laying  themselves  open  perhaps- .  x 

22.  On  the  other  hand f  they  may  leave  out  the  reference 
If,  instructions,  so  that  the  bittery  will  be  worn  out  quickly, .ayd 

thereby- give,  them.- an  opportunity  t?  cell  renewal. platea,  etc.  There 
i»..a  "nigger"  Bome|hene,  or  they,  would ,/iot. have  left,  those,  ins truot- 

ilone  out.  ;  ■  -•  ••  -  ■  •  • 

After  dictating  the  above,  I  notice  the  second  sheet' under 
the  guarantee  "Knock-out  Drops"  .1  did  'not  see  it  before',  but  some 
of  these  points  seem  far-fetched.  For  instance,  item  #4:  A  worn-out 
plate  is  a  plate  un capable  of  doing  Wrk,  whether  i't  is  broken  or 
othervfise  incapacitated. 

#5.  I  am  not  cults  sure,  but  have  a  book  at  the  office  in  which 
I  think  the  price  of  Ironclad  plates  is  mentioned. 

'  ^^ij|^|ji#*fturo  will  naturally  be  the  one  that  the  Me  otrio 
Storage  Battery  Company  will  "stick"  the  purchaser  on.  ' 

#7  .is  superfluous,  because  when  the  Sdison  Storage  Battery  company 
gives  a  guarantee  with  the  proviso,  that  the '  inethuotions  be  carried 
out,  if  the  company  finds  instructions  have  not  been  carried  out, 
they  make* no  mention  whatever  about  a  Board 'of  Arbitration  to  decide 
the  matter. 

#11  does  not  obtain,  as  no  reference  is  made  in  the  guarantee 
to  who  is  to  remove  the  plates^  from  the  cell.  $ 

,V’5'  fxz  '  spoaics  of  returning  thh  battiry  intact.'  The  guarantee  says 

nothing- about  this*  \ 

P:K  • :  #13;  There  iV  no-  proof  tjj  back  .it  uj>,;  and  a  lawyer  would1  giva!° 
the  opinion  tliat  if  the  directions*  are  not:  lneiudejf  in'  the '  guarantee, 
and  no'-r^rimoo- to  them  is  made,  the  ow|sr  cannot  be  held  llabla  or 
at  faulty  under  the  guarantee.  I  do  not  see  that  this  soheme  obtains 
*  because  a  man  can,  if  he  dosirVs,  throw  the  battery  away  after  purohas- 

ing.  If  rented,  he  could  not  do  this.  -Approved"  tires  are  men- 
tioned,  because  the  company  is  bunting  for  miles,  and  knows  that  a 
make  of . tires  takes  less  energy  to  drive  the  vehicles,  than  other 

makes  of  tire3  •  ' 

I  wonder  if  this  guarantee  is  copyrighted?  I  would  like 

to  publish  it  alongside  of  our  guarantee,  with  a  few  remarks. 

June  17th ,  1910 
"  20th,  " 


Machine  received. 

Found  water  about  l/2"  below  top  of  plates; 
had  apparently  not  been  filled  in  long  time, 
refilled  O.K. 

Bead  inaioatod  in  sketch  broke  -  had  teen 
operating  on  a  single  Btrand  of  wire  -  re¬ 
placed  by  a  lead  of  longer  length  whioh 
should  have  beon  there  in  the  first-place. 


w  aw  -fr-j  ■ 

1  j”  (Ul>  £JLu*Ct~ 

"  23rd,  " 

July  let,  " 


Voltmeter  of  instrument  grounded  too  to  in¬ 
strument  ooae  not  being  properly  inflated 
from  metal  dash;  armature  burned  out;  re¬ 
placed  by  Roller-Smith  Co. 

Found  that  bolt  head'  of  the  olip  on  roar 
half  of  right  front  spring  wae  cutting  bat- 
tery  orate  badly;  out  away  orate  till  bolt 
was  free.  (Ooourrod  again  later  on  loft  sido.) 

Found  controller  lever  on  top  of  scoring 
wheol  loose;  shimmed  up  with  red  fibre. 

Found  broken  rivet  in  link  of  Morse  chain. 
Replaced.  Steering  gear  had  become  very 
slack  and  finally  located  trouble  as  shown 
in  sketch. 


whon  lamps  wore  switohed  on  at  ovoning  the 
2g  graff  front  headlight  blew  out.  Water 


July  8th,  19X0 

"  11th,  " 

"  12th,  " 

"  13th,  " 

"  15th,  '* 

"  16th,  " 

"  17th,  " 

"  18th,  " 

»  19th,  " 

"  28th, ■" 

had  worked  into  base  of  sooket  and  c  auaod 
short  circuit;  baBs  reoeptaole  was  therefore 
made  water-tight  with  Okonite  tape. 

Had  to  adjust  all  brakes  bb  one  wheel  skidded 
while  the  other  was  loose  -  and  motor  brake 

Pound  that  Morse  chain  threw  grease  and  dirt 
into  compartment  under  Boat  where  dusters, 
etc.  wore  kept;  made  tin  shield  to  prevent 

Tube  (spiral  metal)  on  horn  broke  and  horn 
would  not  sound;  horn  poorly  placed  sb  well 
as  bulb  and  tube;  repair od  tube. 

Brakes  adjusted  again;  had  stretched. 

Controller  coniaots  Banjlpaperod,  were  rough 
and  burnt. 

lost  motion  in  drag  link  of  Bteering  ganr. 

Took  up. 

Ho  way  of  protecting  goodB  kept  under  seat 
as  flap  is  not  secured  in  any  manner.  There¬ 
fore,  ran  rawhide  strips  from  each  end  of 
bottom  of  flap  thru  eyebolts  to  rear  of  machine 
and  tied  them  there. 

Pound  side  chains  loose;  adjusted,  but  lock 
nuts  do  not  seem  to  hold. 

Bolt  at  top  of  steering  column 

loose;  slightly  upset  sane  and  tightened  up, 

now  O.K. 

look  oo  liar  at  bottom  of  steering  column  ^d  ' 
backed  out  also,  set  screw  does  not  hold. 

Fixed  O.K. 


Aug.  18tli,  1910 
"  21st ,  " 

"  24th ,  " 

"  30th,  " 

Sept.  1st,  " 

"  19th,  " 

"  30th,  " 

Oot.  30th,  " 

Hov.  12th,  •" 

"  13th,  " 

Hov.  27th,  " 

Bolt  In  right-hand  side  of  board  carrying 
ammeter  shunt  broke.  Replaoed. 

Entire  battery  orate  bad  Bhlfted  over  o: 
listed  to  right-hand  side.  Shimmed  up 
level  at  rear. 

Controller  fingers  burned  and  pitted.'  Sand¬ 
papered  O.K. 

Hoar  lamp  not  big  enough  and  did  not  illuminate 
number-plato  onough.  Replaced  by  larger  lamp. 

All  tires  found  badly  rim-out;  had  to  be 

Right  front  wheel  ron  hot  and  Boored  babbitt. 
Ropairod  as  well  as  possible.  (All  bearings  £ 
are  "plain"  -  1UG.  for  auto  work. )  _ 

Csuppor tTu8  o  d  to  hold  rear  loft  brake  land 
place  broke  off;  lost,  (same  thing 
happened  twioe  thereafter,  both  sideB.) 

Steering  again  very  slack;. ,  to  ok.  up  lost  motion 
at  all  joints. 

Side  chains  again  adjustod.  One  had  tightened, 
the  other  slackened.  • 

Hew  axle  put  in  place;  took  precaution  to  sorapo 
paint  off  axle  at  pointB  of  previous  failure  in 
order  to  watch  for  further  flawB. 

Hov.  30th,  1910) 
to  Mar.  18th,  1911) 

n  Storage.  Rubber  buffers  put  in  under 
rear  frame  as  machine  hits 
iprings  on  ordinary  bounce. 


ISaroh  84th,  1911 

left  front  wheel  ran  hot  and  hound .  Babbitt, 
hadly  aoorod.  Repaired  sb  well  as  possihle. 

Right  front  wheel  ran  hot  again.  Repaired  as 

Side  chains  again  needed  adjusting.  One  was 
tight  as  a  drum. 

isrsc  " 

St  »'IS  * 

using  washers.  .  \ 

Controller  again  ^ieded  sandpaporing.  Method 
m  „v,+ vnl  W  InvoT  on  top  of  Y/ho ol  VGrj' 

iaffirwtf  ss£  S’cSiiv.- 

ing  of  points. 

Bad  lost  motion  apparent  In  steering  heads^  ^ 
Huts  seemed  to  have  booked  or  bearing  t' o  A  Ji 
have  worn  badly;  had  to  adjust  heads  on  both^ 
who  olo . 

did  nc  good. 

Y&mLj  Vrtu^  I t&ftr  u*  •■*>**”  {UA^  •'» 

|oa  , 

yA^L  lock/iM^r 



Mny  8th,  1911 
"  13th,  " 

"  27th,  " 

"  31st ,  " 

June  2nd,  " 

Another  Bhoo  rim  out  ond  blew  out. 

Brahes  again  had  to  be  adjusted 

_ (left  front  wheel)  dropped  off  I 

'at  10  m.p.h.  on  5th  Ave.  Pound  upon  investi¬ 
gation  that  balls  are  not  an  integral  part  of 
aim  or  keyod  on  in  anyway  as  they  should  be, 

but  are  mo roly  pushed  on  and  the  ond  of  stud  _ _ 

loaded  up  -  thus  -ia 

Temporarily  repaired 

Steering  heads  again  loose.  (See  Apr.  27th). 

Oraohs  developing  in  front  axle  at  same  iden¬ 
tical  points  that  previous  broahs  ooourred. 
Unsafe  to  run  machine. 

Hight  front  wheel  ran  hot  and  bearing  bound 
while  running  veiy  slowly  -  useless  to  repair 

Total  distance  run  4000  miles. 



Are  of  Inferior  ena  aofootive  aosifpi ,  should 
he  of  the  Raymond  type.  They  req?1^5  C°J?~ 
stant  attention  and  adjustment  and  aia  not 
have  any  holding  paver. 


Very  poor  design  throughout  and  poorly  put 
together  and  some  of  the  points  were  really 
criminal  in  their  construction.  (Bee  detailed 
report).  Couia  not  he  kept  in  good  order. 
Turning  radius  much  too  small  for  city  work. 


Roar  axle  seems  O.Z.  But  front  axle  of 
bronze  is  apparently  wrongly  designed.  f|il- 
ing  twice  in  the  some  Bpots  at  both  sides. 



Horae  chain  O.K. ,  but  sido  chains  couia  not 
he  kept  in  adjustment  for  more  than  100  miles; 
method  of  locking  aietanoe  rods  poor. 

The  method  of  suspending  battery  in  a  three 
point  cradle  is  no  good.  The  maohino  rocks 
ana  cannot  he  oonrfcrolloa  at  speeds  of  over  >.5 
m.p.h. .while  it  will  skid  on  *ry  cobbles  at 
over  10  m.p.h.  It  is  the  most  skidding 
machine  I  over  rode  in  aue,  I  hello vo  to  the 
method  of  loosely  hanging  the  battery  orate. 
This  tenaonoy  to  skid  reacted. of  ooutbo  on 
the  tires  and  was  probably  the  o bub  a.  of 
their  failure  and  the  high  cost  of  tire 
upkeep.  The  battery  itself  is  as  good  to¬ 
day  as  it  was  a  year  ago.  has  had  praotieal- 
ly  no  attention  and  haB  same  solution  for 
4000  miles.  Sp.  gravity  is  1:666'. 
as  orystal.  Has  been  run  up  long  hills  at 
rates  of  80-100  amps,  and  has  been  charged 
at  100  amps.  Is  affectod  considerably  as 
regards  voltage  in  cold  weather,  greatly 
reducing  speed  and  ability  to  get  jjbru 
heavy  roads.  .  Several  runs  were 
100  miles  on  a  charge  and  the  battery  held  a 
charge  for  almost  four  months  without  loss 
of  voltage  while  in  storage.  The  battexy  is 
far  too  good  for  the  machine . 



S’.  E.  motor  gave  entire  satisfaction  and  needed 
no  attentioh  whatever  auring  entire  service. 

The  body  ia  of  pleasing  lines  hat  of  no  use 
whatever  for  general  use;  it  is  J017 
winay,  oo Id  ana  generally  e^osed;  dash  is 
too  low,  eto.,  eto.  Y/hon  made  ready  f°r 

wet  weather,  it  1b  impossible  to  see  anything 

and  is,  therefore,  dangerous  to  drive 
was  also  found  that  the  rubber  apnonhiewup 
all  around  the  oar,  admitting  rain  and  mud 
and  rawhide  strapB  had  to  bo deviBed  to 
hold  down  the  apron  before  the  oar  oould  be 
used  in  oomfort  for  everyday  rainy  work. ^ 

The  leather  covered  nutB  holding  the  bows  to 
the  frame  of  the  top  continually  "onto d  loose 
and  rattled.  Many  parte  of  the  oar  rattled, 
altho  tape  and  oopper  wire,  rubber,  eto. 
were  freely  used  to  dampen  the  noise, 
floor  oovoring  was  of  worn  material  and  soon 
wore  thru.  Also  the  storage  room* tmder  the 
seat  oould  not  be  well  used  as  everything 
had  to  be  dragged  out  as. th® 
had  to  bo  taken  up  to  water  the  battery, 
loather  should  also  have  been  used  for  up¬ 
holstering  instead  of  tho.  dnst-oollooting , 
easily  torn  and  soiled  doth  used.  The 
controller  was  not  suffio^ntly  well  protected 
and  get  wet  in  rainy  weather  and  oorrodod. 

The  entire  machine  (aside  from  batteryand 
motor)  is  practically  worn  out  .  ell  tea?*n6s 
being  loose,'  and  everything  rattles.  The 
machine  is  not  a  commercial  proposition. 

It  would  seem  most  desirable  to  bavo.Eai!l0“+v1n 
Batteries  supplied  with  the  Hupp- Yaatseleo trio 
oar,  as  this  maohine  is  seeminglythe^best 
built  and  is  the  best  looking  on  the  market 
the  Torpedo  style  being  ideal  for  all  around 
us e .  The  method  of  drive  is  original  and 

efficient,  the  ^^y  low  and  comfortable,  the 
“batteries  accessible  ond  the  whole  outfit 
•rftmA-rTrnhlv  handsome* 

Edison  General  File  Series  . 

1911.  Battery,  Storage  -  Electric  Vehicles  -  Anderson  Electric  Car 
Company  (E-11-17) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
commercial  and  technical  development  of  Edison  s  alkaline  storage  battery 
and'its^sei^elecfdc  vehicles.  Most  of  the  letters  are  by  William  C. 
nrp^ident  of  the  Anderson  Electric  Car  Co.  and  manufacturer  of  the  Detroit 
KSS  some  of  the  items  concern  Edison's  competitors 
includino  the  Electric  Storage  Battery  Co.  of  Philadelphia,  manufacturer  of  the 
Ironclad^Exide  battery.  Also  included  are  remarks  by  Edison  regarding  the 
performance  capacity,  and  efficiency  of  batteries,  rectifiers,  and  vehicles.  A 
newspaper^lipping  enclosed  in  one  of  Anderson's  letters  discusses  the 
divorce  of  Frank  J.  Kellogg,  a  childhood  friend  of  Edison. 

All  of  the  documents  have  been  selected  except  for  duplicates. 

Detroit, Midi.,  Jany. 13,1911 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

SS-S™ y.  J®  Leisu 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison; 

Yours  of  the  10th  introducing 
Mr.  Walter  Mallory  has  been  received  and  can 
assure  you  it  will  he  my  pleasure  to  go  the  limit 
with  him. 

I  take  it  you  wleh  me  to  take  it 
up  with  him  hy  correspondence  and  I  am  therefore 
writing  him  to-day  to  know  if  he  cannot  meet  me 
in  Hew  York  some  day  next  week. 

It  was  my  intention  to  go  to 
Mew  York  this  afternoon  hut  have  decided  not  to 
leave  until  Sunday  and  expect  to  he  in  Hew  York 
Until  Wednesday  night.  I  do  not  know  that  X 
will  have  time  to  go  oyer  and  see  you  hut  will 
if  possible. 

Hoping  this  will  find  you  well, 
with  many  thanke  for  your  kind  letter,  I  remain. 


Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison, President, 
Edison  Storage  Battery  Co., 
Orange,  N.  J. 

Detroit, Mid].,  January  23,  1911 

IJLL  -“J 

|  ^  W  W  *  —  I  ^ 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison:-  CO-***  S. 

utrf-  iu  — 

I  thought  'you  might  he  interested 
in  seeing  some  figures.  I  admit  they  are  large  and  I  » 

think  many  of  them  are  overdrawn,  nowever .in 
they  are  oorreot.  i£&  c- 

The  queffTon  arises  in  my  mind  as 
to  how  long  can  this  gas  continue  to  blow  off.  "Not  very^7 
long"  would  be  my  reply  if  we  had  that  new  to  ery  put 
up  against  them.  Are  you  keeping  that  in  mind?  Also 
what  are  the  prospects  for  our  getting  one-half  dozen 
of  the  new  rectifiers? 

Mr.  Marr.  sends  me  the  enclosed 
clipping  and  letter,  which  I  hand  you.  Is  there  to  be 
a  consolidation?  If  so,  we  may  look  forward  to  the 
fact  that  we  might  be  able  to  receive  the  degree  which 
would  entitle  us  to  be  listed  as  Exide  users.  Please 
note  the  enclosed. 


List  of  Eigures 
Clipping  &  Letter. 


"  t/°This  Statement  Gives  an  Authentic  Estimate  of 
A  n/  Detroit’s  Automobile  Industry  for  1911 

./)  If  Compiled  by  Jacob  Nathan. 

o,  of  Cars  to  be  Value  of  1911 

Abbott  Motor  Co . 

Brush  Runabout  Co . 

Cadillac  Motor  Car  Co. .'. . 

Carhartt  Auto  Corporation . 

Chalmers  Motor  Car  Co . 

E-M-F  Co . 

Ford  Motor  Co . 

Herreshoff  Motor  Co . 

Hudson  Motor  Car  Co . 

Hupp  Motor  Car  Co . . 

JKrit  Motor  Car  Co . 

fPackard  Motor  Car  Co . 

Regal  Motor  Car  Co . 

Welch  Co.  of  Detroit . 

Warren  Motor  Co . 

Sibley  Motor  Car  Co . 

Paige-Dctroit  Motor  Car  Co . 

♦Anderson  Electric  Carriage  Co. . 

Metzger  Motor  Car  Co . 

§Lozier  Motor  Co . 

♦I-Iupp-Yeats  Electric  Car  Co - 

♦Phipps-Grinncll  Auto  Co . 

Grabowsky  Power  Wagon  Co .  aOO.OOO 

Herreshoff  Motor  Co .  mrin 

Alden-Sanipson  Co .  2,a00,000 

Van  Dyke  Motor  Car  Co .  1,000,000 

Warren  Motor  Co .  •••11 

Sictz  Motor  Co . 

♦Anderson  Electric  Carriage  Co .  ••••” 

Oliver  Motor  Car  Co .  WOO) 

Universal  Truck  Co .  ^0,000 

Bcyster-Dctroit  Motor  Car  Co .  2a0,000 

flMctzgcr  Motor  Car  Co .  . 

♦Phipps-Grinncll  Auto  Co . 

Federal  Motor  Truck  Co. .  J99'999 

Superior  Motor  Car  Co . 


Total  capitalization  of  31  companies . 

Total  number  of  pleasure  cars . 

Total  value  of  pleasure  cars . . . 

Total  number  of  commercial  vehicles . 

Total  value  of  commercial  vehicles . 

Total  number  of  all  cars  for  1911 . .  . 

Total  value  of  entire  output . 


What  Every  Owner- 
y"  of  an 
Vehicle  Jk 
Should  Know  M 

First  of  all  the  BATTERY.  Other  things  are  elemental— accepted  as  matters  of  course.  Elec¬ 
tric  car  makers  know  how  to  do  their  work  right.  .  .  ,,,  , 

THE  BATTERY  is  the  great  essential— the  selection  of  which  cannot  be  too  carefully  • 
There  are  a  number  of  different  batteries  made,  yet  more  than  90%  of  all  dectric  vehicles  manufac¬ 
tured  are  equipped  with  the  "Jgxt&e  «  Battery.  These  famous  makers  use  the  famous  EXlDe  •• 

Automobile  Maintenance  &  Mfg.  Co.  '  Couplc  Gear  Fjeight  Wheel  Co.  &^nnnell  A„t„  Co 

Battcii^Davto^MotorCo.  ^uSea.u TiecuTcCar  Co.  |„Salcr  A^tomobje  Co 

Broc  Electric  Vehicle  Co.  Ideal  Electric  Co.  ?llC  wXmmW  fVi 

CdSmbna  B  uggy  Co.  C.  P.  Kimball  &  Co.  \\Wa  Motor  Vehicle  Co 

result  is  better  and  better  batteries.  The  latest  product  of  th.s  great  orgamsation  is  the 

"irronclafc*Extoe”  ffiatter^ 

-a  battery  that  has  two  to  three  times  the  life;  that  seldom  if  ever 

■  lone  tests  already  made  have  proven  its  entire  dependability. 

Write  the  nearest  Sales  Office  today  for  the  book  m  this  new 
and  most  serviceable  battery — The  1t0ltCl8&«2sXtDe 


1888  PHILADELPHIA,  PA.  1911 

Now  York  Boston  Chicago  St.  Louis  Cleveland  Atlanta  ^  An  ,M 

Detroit  San  Francisco  Toronto  Portland.  Ore.  ^  lBipcc{loB  Corps 

715  ‘ DoTOtaTn  Philadelphia,  Boston.  Chicago.  Cleveland.  St.  Louis,  Denver  and  San  Francisco 


Commercial  and  Pleasure  Vehicles 

Ontario  and  C  Streets 

Ph i LADELPH I a,Pa .  January  31sr,  191X- 

Anderson  Electric  Car  Company, 

Ur*  ft‘  C*  Anclerson,  President. 

Detroit,  Michigan* 

Dear  Sir'— 

I  enclose  a  cutting  from  the  Evening 
Telegraph,  which  may  mean  much  or  little*  Last 
v/eeic  the  same  statement  was  made  hy  the  "Telegraph"  hut 
I  believe  was  denied  hy  both  parties*  It  in  true 
the  stock  has  gone  up  from  below  50  to  54-l/s  within 
a  short  time* 

Very  truly  yours, 


,  President.* 



Thomas  A.  Edison, Esq., 
Orange,  N.  J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison; 

How  are  you  this  beautiful  weather?'  Hope  you 

are  feeling  as  good  as  I  am. 

We  have  commenced  to  pull  off  some  exception-  cp  yj<p 

ally  good  stunts.  We  made  a  run  with  one  of  our  big - 

Brougham  cars,  the  largest  Brougham  wj  in  the  country, - 
which  may  interest  you  apd  Tnclose^you  report  on  same. 

We  are  going  out  pretty  s^TtT^ake  a  killing  but  we  are 
going  to  get  things  in  shape  and  know  we  are  right  before 
we  do  it.  We  intended  doing  this  last  Fall  but  the  cold 

weather  came  on  too  soon. 

I  am  enclosing  you  a  battery  catalogue 

which  possibly  you  know  all  about.  If  not,  would  like  you  to 
advise  me  dust  what  there  is  to  it. 



Enc(  Letter-Booklet) 




good  deal  of  the 

x^Jm  jc^>  -4** 

wire  you  u»  av 


"V/on*  t  you  deny  press  despatch  report 
claiming  you  have  perfected  new  battery, 

lighter  weight, half  bullcj  and.  can  be 


with  people  wB 
therefore  my  j 


,p  J^^j^i^L^^atony^nd.  yo^LgJ^^a 

t.y^f^as^ll^^  BenersUi^,  ^  ■ 

jerience  are  * 

,  CW 

be  invented  than  even  your  present  battery, 
and  any  intimation  that  there  is  something  < 

that  Jome^ing^differe 

•  any  gl^r^tery 
iing  out,  or  going 

to  'be  perfected  imediately  bolds  up  the  sale.  This  report 
will  cost  the  sale  of  a  good  many  batteries. 

I  only  cite  to  you  the  fact,  that  you 
leaked  out  once  or  twice  the  fact, that  you  were  going  to 
have  a  smaller  tube  battery,  or  one  with  a  larger  capacity 
and  this  went  from  ear  to  ear  and  while  it  has  not  been 
published,  it  did  us  a  world  of  harm. 

Such  a  despatch  as  this  is  going  to 
completely  upset  the  public.  I  have  always  understood  and 
believed  that  not  more  than  one  interview  out  of  five  that 
are  laid  to  you  is  true,-  always  exaggerated  and  misrepresented. 

X  shall  await  with  much  interest  to  know  what 
you  have  done  in  this  matter  and  assure  you  a  strong  denial 
is  what  the  public  must  have,  or  we  will  be  up  against  it  as 
well  os  you. 

Will  this  have  your  serious  consideration 
and  immediate  action?  Call  in  Ur.  Dyer  at  once  and  send 
out  a  press  despatch  that  will  be  helpful  to  the  present 
battery  and  place  us  right  before  the  public. 

Yours  truly, 


Enc( Clipping) 



in  the  rectifier  line.  When  I 

dorm  there 

last,  you  said  you  surely  expected  to  be  in  a 
position  to  make  delivery  in  five  or  six  weeks. 

Yours  very  truly. 

— r 

pleasure  and  commercial  cars 

Hovembg £  23,  .J^x. 

irl  oT  bhe  21)  «i  <Md  no£evyou  \)  ^ 

5  Rock  Hill,  JM  and  $6$fi  dr^les  ^  /<^\ 

g  ST  tit**  J 

fie  early  morfOwg  rung  in  >/ 

e  complaints  comadfi/us  on^Jsie 

attery.  it  is  affef'thfe  ShTrge  /  & 

at.  This  workyii  grewUdiBad-  ( 

the  following  .r.ea»onj>  If  an 

e  morning  with  charge,  he 

£**  p*y  k 

I  have  yourS  oT  the  2f«h  tnw  n°g£  y°u  y 
have  tested  the  car  on  Eagle  Rock  Kill,  *C  a,nd  <$5£/S 
and  you  found  good  speed.  tys  1  ^  y,  (  Jy0 

I  desire  to  know  if W^ried  ,lj 

experiment  after  your  battery  was,  sty,  W? 

do  not  have  complaints  in  the  early  morffl^lg  °n  J*L«T  rung  In 
any  of  our  territory,  Where  complaints  coma^M/ba  on^ne 
low  voltage  of  the  Edison  Battery,  it  i s  the  «h*rge 

is  say,  one  half  or  more  out.  This  wo rks'ekgrewL'Ui Bad- 
vantage  to  the  battery  for  the  following  .KeabojWj  If  an 
owner  takes  a  car  out  in  the  morning  with  ja^Hfl  charge,  he 
has  Lple  speed  and  voltage,  everything  ifeflSti factory.  He 
and  his  family  uses  it  in  the  down  town  district  all  day  and 
start  home  with,  say,  about  half  a  charge.  By  the  time  he 
reaches  his  home,  more  than  half  out,  he  is  required  to  dim 
a  steep  grade  To’  reach  his  house,  say  6  to  10*  for  one  quart 
of  one-half  mile,  he  would  be  stalled  or  his  speed  too  slow. 

This  happens  entirely  too  often  and  it  is 
quite  a  natural  thing  too, as  many  people  live  in  suburban 
districts,  and  naturally  use  the  car  through  the  day  in  the 
down  town  district.  Therefore,  when,  they  reach  home  and  get 
stalled  you  can  realize  what  happens. 

So  far  as  our  motor  is  concerned,  the  one 
. .  u  .  10  „nit.  which  is  the  one  you  saw  the  blue 

So  far  as  our  motor  is  concerned,  the  one 

as* ^  itts  iWaS’K* ASr 

,  that  time. 

V/hen  we  decided  upon  our  1912  car,  it  was 
4  cells  and  we  have  hundreds  of  there  now 
.  Therefore,  it  will  be  impossible  for  us 
w.  ’Let  me.  hear  from  you  further  on  this. 

I  am  in  receipt  of  a  letter  from  Hr .Bee 
to  the  effect,  you  opent  a  day  in  Hew  York  and  sold  a  lot  of 
batteries  to  the  breweries. 

This  brings  to  mind  what  has  been  handed 
me  this  morning  by  our  New  York  truck  salesman  to  the  effect, 
the  Adams  ExprfssCompany  are  open  for  «ie  purchase  of  about 
75  electric  cars.  Our  man  has  been  on  their  trail  for  a 
considerable  length  of  time  and  writes  us  this  morning, 
that  he  has  felt  ail  along  that  he  had  a  good  show  ^setting 
this  business  but  recent  developments  have  changed  the  situa 
tion  The  placing  of  the  American  Express  Co.  order  for  100 
or  more  electric  trucks , equipped  with  Ironclad  catteries  has 
put  a  damper  pn  the  Edison  battery. 

V/e  have  been  up  against  this  ourselves. 

I  have  been  sending  Ur.  Bee  letters,  newspaper  clippings  and 
quotations  on  this  American  Express  Co.  order  and  it  is  a 
hard  blow  on  your  battery  as  the  Ironclad  people  are  P  ” 

decided  to  go  back  to  the  lead. 

Of  course  this  is  all  Tommy  rot  I  assume 
vnu  pan  see  what  effect  this  has  on  the  selling  end  of 
the  business  If  there  is  any  way  under  the  heavens  you 
can  null  a  string  to  ston  this  Adams;  Express  Company  order 
f romPgett ing  into  Baker's  hands  or  some  of  these  other  people, 
it  is  surely  up  to  you  to  do  so . 

j,,. 1  [YEPT”'  i  P 

W*  &*•  A4» 

■f-r  V-*-  k 

*, —  'dr  <*a>~<s£&' 

«*>JU  ^ 

(d&tec^  J*+*~**£ffr  V 


fc  l  ^Ti.'TC^'  °'t^c/ 

uW^  fe~ - “ 

02,cjS^  1  v*"* 

December  0,1911 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange, N.J. 

My  dear  Hr.  Edison; 

DEC  > 

Thinking  you  might  he  interested  in  the 
enclosed  clipping,  X  herewith  hand  it  to  you. 

You  will  hear  from  un  within  a  very  few 
days  relative  to  the  72  and  60  volt  motors. 

I  note  you  are  making  some  further  tests 
and  if  you  have  anything  new  on  the  proposition, would  he  glad 
to  hear  from  you. 

Yours  very  truly, 


Enc( Clipping) 



pleasure  and  commercial  cars 



Dec.  12,  1911. 

Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison, 

Edison  Storage  Battery  Co., 
Orange,  H.J. 

DEC!  4 


My  dear  ‘the  netroit  Club  X  came  in  contact 

with  Mr.  Jas.  S.  Stevenson,  whose  card  X  attach  here¬ 
with  You  will  note  that  he  is'  general  manager  of 
!  5;  Brothers  Limited.  I  have  known  him  a  great  many 

r  "3  rsHr  ” 

S,.L°S'SS'uS.,“mS‘^'w”«  «»' W“  ln 

the  Country. 

He  is  to'th^cov^ing' of y these 

innfrSHe  tellfme  he  feels  positive  that  he  can  supply 
cans.  mixture  that  will  prevent  the  cans  from  rusting 

you  with  a  mixture  uhatwii^p  ali  it  will  cost 

anJ  f^tie^nterview  You  will  find*  that  he  will  want  to  go 

Ss-s.’s  l8^xatory- 

and  experienced  wen  wd  s»  "  16  would  no  money  well 

SSft  ^SS  nS  IgofoS. ,0 

vsrsssura  £  ? s. »  "  s~jsi£T 

thatTvilfstop  this* trouble,  it  will  go  a  long  ways  towards 
simplifying  the  care  of  these  batteries. 

You  may,  therefore  expect  himto  drop  in^n^^ 
^l/bf  on  the  "ob  and  that  something  will  be  worked  out  that 
vi ill  he  of  material  Denefit. 

Yours  very  truly 



■^DERSOJ*  £lEC-CI*IC  (A#  (5. 



-Pf:  " 

•  ^ 


^  yf  ’  4  /  «v 

withTtf.^onry  Jjf» 
unda|.  the  7  th  \ 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison. 

Orange ,  tT .  J . 

Dear  Mr.  Edison; 

Referring  to  the^appointment 

we  have  arranged  it  as  follows:  I  will  leave  here  Sunday 
or  Monday  the  8th,  arriving  in  Mew  York  in  ample 
Mr.  Ford  on  the  morning  of  the  9th  and  we  will  arpli|jb  in 
at  10  or  11.  o*  clock. 

Therefore  have  your  matters  arranged 
accordingly,  so  that  you  can  have  several  hours  interview  with 
Mr.  Ford  on  the  ignition  battery  proposition, as  well  as  another 
matter  he  wants  to  take  up  with  you. 

If,  for  any  reason  this  appointment  cannot 
be  kept,  you  must  wire  me  ahead.  I  am  very  anxious  to  kn< 
will  come  out  of  this  and  here  ia  hoping  it  will  be  something 
that  v/ill  be  of  benefit  to  all  concerned. 


7  ^ 

-  C  0  P  Y- 

Winnipeg.  Man.  Deo.  29,  1911. 

E.  G.  Daritner, 

Care  Detroit  Eleotrio,  , 


Thirty-two.abelow  yesterday,  to-day  trucks  working  11  hours 
oontinously  each  day.-tomperatiire  of  hatteries  at  eight  P.l 
each  evening  60  degrees.  Success  of  Edison  Battery  now 
assured  for  all  degrees  of  weather.  Hurry  hack. 

J.  A.  McArthur 

3.12  A.M. 

Edison  General  File  Series  . 

1911.  Battery  Storage  -  Electric  Vehicles  -  Promotional  (E-11-18) 


Approximately  20  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selectecl  In 
addition  to  the  earlier  draft,  the  items  not  selected  .ndude  atonal 
testimonial  letters,  newspaper  clippings,  and  draft  not 

be  found  in  E-11-15  (Battery  Storage  -  Edison 

Related  material  can 
Storage  Battery  Company). 




The  Eleotrio  as  a  Family  Vehiole. 

/ The  average  nan  who  sets  out  to  huy  a  horse  ana. 
carriage  is  usually  obliged  to  take  something  on  trust,  - 
and  that  is  the  horse.  Almost  any  person  has  sufficient 
intelligence  to  pasB  Judgment  on  a  Btaple  meohanioal  artiole 
like  a  carriage,  hut  unless  he  is  a  good  Judge  of  horseflesh 
there  is  no  help  for  it  hut  to  take  the  word  of  the  dealer  as 

Just  so  is  it  with  the  average  non-teohnioal  per¬ 
son  who  contemplates  the  purchase  of  an  eleotrio  vehiole.  He 
feels  competent  to  Judge  in  a  fair  measure  bb  to  the  oar  itself, 
hut  when  it  ooraes  to  passing  upon  the  battery,  which  may  he  con¬ 
sidered  as  the  horse  of  the  eleotrio  vehiole,  he  feels  a  sense 
of  inoompetenoy  and  simply  takes  the  word  of  the  dealer. 

ThuB  in  the  two  transactions  we  find  a  striking 
parallel  up  to  a  certain  point,  hut  diverging  from  thence. 

In  the  first  obbo  the  dealer  may  not,  and  often 
does  not,  know  anything  about  the  horse  other  than  his  reoord 
from  hearsay,  and  the  real  faots  may  be  beyond  finding  out. 

In  the  other  oase,  the  dealer,  if  he  does  not  already  know, 
oan  find  out  beyond  peradventure  what  a  given  type  of  battery 
oan  or  cannot  do,  as  it  is  a  meohanioal  and  oheraioal  production 
and  its  possibilities  are  thoroughly  known  by  its  maker. 

Henoe,  the  purchaser-  of  an  eleotrio  vehiole  hBB 
distinct  advantage  over  the  purchaser  of  a  horse  and  carriag 
because,  if  he  is  Buffioiently  persistent  and  insistent,  he 

can  find  out  for  an  absolute  certainty  the  past  and  present 
performance  of  his  "eleotrio  horse",  that  is  to  Bay,  the  olass 
of  battery  whioh  is  to  move  his  vehicle.  / 

We  have  therefore  prepared  this  booklet  in  order 
that  we  may  place  in  the  hands  of  persons  contemplating  the 
purchase  of  an  eleotrio  vehicle  a  few  faetB  upon  whioh  to 
base  their  Judgment  as  to  the  true  merits  of  different  types 
of  storage  batteries,  whioh  form  the  basic  element  for  the 
operation  of  this  class  of  vehicles. 

The  main  consideration  with  whioh  the  prospective 
purchaser  1b  concerned  are:  Mileage,  reliability,  simplicity 
ana  economy.  These  points  will  be  all  considered  in  the 
following  pageB,  and  will  be  treated  from  the  view  point  of 
the  plain  every  day  person  who  may  be  without  teohnioal  or 
eleotrioal  knowledge  and  is  'desirous  of  understanding  the  real 
facts.  Onoe  upon  a  time,  as  the  story  books  Bay;  there  was 
only  the  one  kind  of  storage  battery  available  for  operating 
an  eleotrio  automobile.  This  kina  was  known  bb  the  lead-acid 
battery,  and  although  it  wbb  heavy,  olumsy,  oorrosive,  trouble¬ 
some  to  manage  as  a  spoiled  child,  and,  above  all,  shortlived, 
it  was  the  only  obtainable  method  of  using  eleotrioity  in 
portable  form  for  operating  a  vehiole.  Despite  such  serious 
drawbaoks,  those  who  appreciated  the  convenience  of  the  eleotrio 
oar  struggled  along,  hoping  for  better  days. 

^  And  now  the  better  dayB  have  oome  with  the  introduction 

of  an  entirely  new  and  different  type  of  alkaline  storage  battery 
invented  by  Ur.  EdiBon  after  many  years  of  thought,  labor  and  ex¬ 
periment.  So  different  is  this  battery  in  results  that  on  a  sipgle 

charge  an  electrio  vehicle  can  he  driven  more  than  twice  the  mile¬ 
age  with  Edison  oells  of  the  same  weight. 

From  the  time  when  Mr.  Edison  completed  this  new  type 
of  alkaline  etorage  battery  he  has  been  convinced  that  one  of  most 
useful  and  appreciated  applications  would  be  in  electric  automo¬ 
biles  for  family  service.  With  this  idea  in  mind,  he  made  thousands 
of  abnormally  severe  tests  and  experiments  which  gave  him  absolute 
assurance  of  that  degree  of  dependability  and  reliability  in  his 
battery  that  were  indispensable  factors  in  planning  for  the  "Family 
Electric",  of  which  both  utility  and  pleasure  are  demanded  and  ex- 

For  years  without  number  the  family  horse  and  carriage 
were  regarded  as  synonymous  with  steadiness  and  usefulness.  Eor 
running  errands  about  town,  for  shopping  and  calling,  and  even 
for  an  occasional  pleasure  Jaunt,  the  horse  and  carriage  have  been 
of  great  utility  in  their  day  end  generation. 

With  the  advent  of  the  automobile,  however,  there  dawned 
an  era  of  vastly  greater  possibilities  in  the  matter  of  daily  tra¬ 
vel.  The  first  preference  of  the  householder  was  naturally  in  favor 
of  an  eleotric  oar  for  family  use.  Its  noiselessness,  cleanliness 
and  easiness  of  operation  contribute  to  make  it  an  ideal  vehicle. 

Besides,  the  absence  of  complicated  machinery  removed 
many  of  the  terrors  Which  mechanism  has  for  the  female  mind,  and 
made  the  eleotric  vehicle  one  which  could  be  easily  and  confidently 
operated  by  a  woman. 

Ihe  only  practical  and  available  source  of  electric  , 
current  for  such  vehicles  is  the  stcrage  battery,  and  as  stated 
above,  the  only  class  of  storage  battery  that  was  obtainable  for 

dome  years  was  the  kind  known  as  the  lead  cell,  which 
lead  plates  immersed  in  strong  eulphurio  aoid. 

lead  storage  batterieB  are  of  great  weight  for  their  cur¬ 
rent  capacity,  and  require  heavily  constructed  vehicles  to  carry 
them.  Hence,  their  possible  radius  of  travel,  at  the  very  best,  is 
comparatively  small  to  begin  with.  These  lead  batteries  have  a 
number  of  serious  inherent  disabilities.  The  most  distinctive  one 
is  that  they  begin  to  deteriorate  soon  after  they  ure  put  in  use. 

The  principal  cause  of  suoh  deterioration  iB  inevitable 
in  a  lead-acid  battery.  Its  operation  depends  solely  upon  chemical 
reactions  effected  in  particles  of  finely  divided  lead  oxides  {called 
"active  material" )  which  form  part  of  the  plates.  These  reactions, 
occurring  during  charge  and  discharge,  disturb  the  particles  physi- 
oally,  thus  causing  their  gradual  detachment  from  the  plates.  They 
fall  and  accumulate  at  the  bottom  of  the  cell,  and  in  that  condition 
are  worse  than  useless.  This  falling  off  of  active  material  is  in¬ 
creased  by  jarring  or  Jolting  received  by  the  oell,  as  in  an  auto¬ 
mobile,  also,  by  improper  charging  and  from  other  causes.  Inasmuch 
as  the  capacity  of  the  oell  is  proptionate  to  the  amount  of  active 
material  responding  to  chemical  reactions,  it  is  quite  obvious  that 
by  reason  of  the  inevitable  and  continual  falling  off  of  active 
material  there  is  an  always  increasing  loss,  and,  therefore,  the 
capacity  of  lead  storage  batteries  to  deliver  current  diminishe. 
constantly  and  continuously;  the  resultant  effect  being  that  the 
radius  of  travel  of  the  vehiole  grows  less  and  less.  Usually,  in 
praotioe.  lead  batteries  deteriorate  so  greatly  in  one  yearis  u 
that  new  plates,  or  perhaps  an  entirely  new  battery,  may  be  necessary 
and  where  poorly  oared  for,  in  a  lesser  time. 

In  view  of  the  development  of  euoh  a  vital  disability  in  the  early 
history  of  eleotrio  automobiles  added  to  many  other  BeriouB  troubles 
inherent  to  the  lead  oell,  it  is  not  surprising  that  after  a  few 
years  of  experience  with  vehicles  operated  by  the  lead  battery  there 
was  a  serious  deoline  in  the  sale  of  suoh  oars  for  family  use. 

But  with  the  comparatively  recent  introduction  of  the 
Edison  Storage  Battery,  in  which  these  troubles  do  not  appear  at  all, 
there  has  been  a  great  revival  in  the  manufacture  and  sale  of  eleo¬ 
trio  vehicles.  By  reason  of  the  additional  fact  that  the  Edison 
Battery  weighs  only  about  one-half  as  much  as  the  lead  battery 
for  the  same  power,  manufacturers  are  now  able  to  design  new  typeB 
of  oars  of  much  lighter  weight  and  with  far  more  graceful  lines  than 
were  formerly  possible. 

Thus,  the  immediate  result  of  the  coming  of  the  Edison 
Storage  Battery  haB  been  the  creation  of  many  typeB  of  handome,  light 
and  easy  running  "Family  Eleotrios",  having  a  mileage  capacity  of 
100  miles  or  more  on  a  single  charge  of  the  battery. 

Mr,  Edison's  thoroughness  of  method  is  well  known.  He 
was  thoroughly  conversant  with  the  possibilities  of  his  storage 
battery,  but  he  also  knew’ that  the  previous  experience  of  the  pub¬ 
lic  with  the  lead  battery  had  created  a  feeling  of  distrust  with 
regard  to  storage  batteries  in  general.  For  the  purpose  of  dis¬ 
sipating  any  distrust  as  to  his  battery,  he  first  made  an  abnormal¬ 
ly  severe  test  of  its  meohanioal  strength  and  of  its  ability  to 
retain  its  active  material  in  plaoe.  For  this  purpose  he  constructed 
a  speoial  apparatus  operated  by  a  motor.  By  means  of  thiB  devioe  a 
oell  of  his  battery  was  tested,  being  raised  half  an  inoh  and  then 
dropped  with  a  sudden  jolt.  She  battery  was  jarred  in  this  manner  . 

more  than  a  million  and  three  quarter  times,  at  the  rate  of  about 
70  Jolts  per  minute.  The  tremendous  strain  thus  imposed  was  many 
times  greater  than  would  ever  be  met  with  in  praotio'e,  but  the 
eleotrioal  oapaoity  of  the  oell  was  not  in  any  way  impaired,  thus 
showing  that  there  had  been  no  loss  of  aotive  material. 

It  may  be  mentioned  incidentally  that  by  reason  of  the 
rugged  strength  of  its  oonstruotion,  in  which  steel,  iron  and  nickel 
are  employed,  the  mechanical  integrity  of  the  oell  was  alBO  unimpaired 
by  this  very  severe  test. 

In  the  next  place  Mr.  Edison  proceeded  to  demonstrate  by 
aotual  practice  that  his  battery  was  capable  of  making  long  mileage 
runs  under  ordinary  conditions,  and  without  picking  out  especially 
level  roads.  He  therefore  planned  a  Berios  of  test  outing  and  city 
runs  to  be  made  by  eleotrio  automobiles  operated  by  his  storage 

These  runs  were  to  be  made  under  normal  conditions  to 
oover  not  only  extended  oity  runB  but  also  tours  into  all  parts  of  the 
surrounding  oountry,  whether  hilly  or  otherwise,  in  order  to  demon¬ 
strate  by  aotual  experience  Just  what  can  be  done  with  the  "Family 
Eleotrio"  under  the  ordinary  requirements  of  family  life.  In  other 
words,  he  aimed  to  show  that,  when  operated  by  the  Edison  Storage 
Battery,  this  class  of  vehiole  oan  be  used  for  shopping,  oalling  eto., 
and  oan  also  be  used  afterwards  for  an  outing  of  no  small  extent 
without  the  necessity  of  first  reoharging  the  battery. 

He  was  also  well  aware  v  tbat  .  ,  by  reason  of  the  fact  that 
the  Edison  Storage  Battery  increases  in  oauacity  after  it  is  put  into 
use,  the  result's  shown  by  these  tests  oan  not  only  be  duplioated  hut 


that  they  will  naturally  be  bettered  in  aotual  praotioe. 

These  teat  runs  are  shown  as  advertisements  in  the  fol¬ 
lowing  pages,  as  illuetratlve  of  what  has  iaetually  been  aone  and  what 
may  be  done  again  by  the  owner  of  an  eleotrio  vehiole  operated  by  the 
Edison  Storage  Battery. 

The  New  Edison 
Storage  Battery 

Tests  of  the  "family  electric”  vehicle 
“Day  Outing”  Trip  No.  1 

,  “family  dcctrlo”  typo  of 

Up  to  tlio  present,  but  two  of  tlm  several  makers  erf 
trie,  and  8.  M 

charge  of  the  buttery. 

Other  makow  wln  doubtless  follow  and  Edison  tests  of 
ised  In  these  testa  (the  Dc- 

mflcimoU  atin  retah'B-uMnU  tko  usor  botoro-  ^“^uery.  tlm“  family  typo  "  of  electric, 

lortalnty  of  u  full  round  trip  with  a  sate  margi  Qw  on  wm  ^  tjl0  CQr  that  can  bo  rolled  upon, 

Intervale  from  points  pc 

Results  of  “Day  Outing ” 
Trip  No.  1 

with  Detroit  Electric 

Currying  two  persons;  totnl  weight 

a,460  pimntls. 

Sturt  40th  Street  timl  Lexington 
Avenue,  New  York,  7:28  A.M. 
Returned  to  starting  point  5:02  P.M. 
Aetual  running  time,  (i  hours  58 

Distance  traveletl  in  covering  tliisrnnte, 
84  miles. 

Car,  run  to  n  standstill  after  comple¬ 
tion  of  trip,  slmwed  1 8  miles  surplus. 
Totnl  mileage  for  the  flay,  102  miles 
on  a  single  elmrge  of  the  lialterv. 
Ronds  generally  good — many  heavy 

grades.  I -  - 

Edison  Storage  Battery  Co.,  121  Lakeside  Ave. 

Edison  Test*  No.. 7 

i  it  single  charge  of  the 

bwuitiful,  heavy  grades, 
many  15%.  Head  wind 
equal  to  2%  grade.  Hoads 
mostly  poor. 

•  .  J^Co~o 

■■  ^^r^ecAvvvv‘1  ■ 



Hill  Climbing  Test 

with  Bailey  Electric 

j  21  limes  up  Fort  George  Hill  j 

Fort  George  Hill  is  2138  feet  in  length  and  11%  grade. 

This  meansi'the  Hjgy  Edison  Battery  lifted  2387  pounds 
of  car  and  load,  almost  one  mile  vertically  in  8  miles 

on  one  charge 
City  Test 

on  one  71  hour  charge 

With  Detroit  Electric  tcLwn 

with  Detroit  Electric  ldUvy\  I 

Ran  li  to  2  hours  every  day  for  seven  days. 

Cost  of  charge  $1.42,  or  21  cents  per  day. 

Average  speed  12.32  miles  per  hour— 120  miles  total. 
Total  weight  of  car  and  the  two  passengers  2470  pounds. 

Results  accomplished  on  Edison  "Day  Outing" 
Trip  No.  8,  with  Detroit  Electric 

Edison  Test  No.  9 


'•  with  Detroit  Electric ) 

1 478  miles— average  68  miles  per  day! 


This  run,  from  New  York  via  Asbury  Park  ! 
and  Atlantic  City  to  Philadelphia,  and 
return  via  Bethlehem,  Port  Jervis  and 
Newburgh,  shows  the  consistent  depend¬ 
ability  of  the  electric  pleasure  vehicle  with  j 
the  proper  battery  equipment  over  a  period 
of  continuous  hard  road  service. 

On  this  trip,  through  hilly  and  even  : 
mountainous  country,  some  of  the  best 
and  worst  roads  in  Pennsylvania  and  lower 
New  York  State  were  covered.  Yet  in 
many  instances,  an  average  speed  of  15 
miles  an  hour  was  maintained,  and  the  run 
from  Atlantic  City  to  Philadelphia,  62.62 
miles,  was  accomplished  at  the  rate  of  191 
miles  an  hour.  This  average  speed  for  the 
distance  is  unprecedented  for  electric 
vehicles,  even  on  city  pavements,  and 
would  not  have  been  possible  with  equip¬ 
ment  other  than  the  new  Edison  Storage 

"  VjjK 

Edison  “Day  Outing”— Test  Trip  No.  10  | . 

with  Bailey  Electric.  '  ~  '  \  , 

show  margin  of  excess  mileage  still  in  the  bn 
tery,  gave  41 4  miles  surplus. 

Total  mileage  for  the  day,  on  a  single  charge  of  tl 

Ediscm  Test"  Tn*p  No.  II. 


l^fcoNN.  mik  „/> 


‘ v  j _ ^  jiKis 

1000-mile  "Ideal 
Tour”  and  7  miles  . 
ol  the  8-mile  climb 
up  Mt.  Washington 
Accomplished  by 
"Detroit”  and 
"Bailey”  Electrics; 
proving  by  this  re- ; 
markable  perform¬ 
ance  that  the  elec¬ 
tric  vehicle  with 
Edison  Battery 
equipment  will 
cover  any  route 
that  a  gasoline  car 

Of  the  prominent  nmk 
now  regularly  equipped 
age  battery — “Detroit, 
and  ‘  *  Wn verlcy  ’  ’—two 
a  Hailey,  started  from  N 
and  successfully  coinpleti 

gasoline  ears  to  the  lim 
7  miles  of  the  B-tnile  e 
the  last  mile  being  mad 

!  four  runs  by  the  Baker  Electric 

averaging  144.35  miles  on  a  single  battery  charge. 

'  ,  ..ililivimml  proof  (it  ticuW  ulcctriu  vehicle,  further  limn  provinK 
these  porforiiMincra  are-  .ulditmunl  pr  > '  fmnjlv  tvpu  of  electric  vehicle 

Mr  Kilisim’s  content, on  tlmt  the  h  ‘ with  the  StoraRe  Buttery  is  ^  , 

M'sd«,"S nor  his  company  1ms  the  cor  th.ttt-.~n*-  cithern  co^or,.  to  ^ 

ain  t  t  ,  tic  f  t  rc  fu.ypnr-  own  operate.  _  j 

W zdF 

'•^RRISTCWN^A  VS  lrAFrMr  ^0T  C 

j  •mdhinster  ^  .C- 

|  A  v:.»'wNtLitH  Xlilv  ocean 

117.9  10  82  9 

117  3  9.78  9  45  95.4 

172  1  10.93  9  32  90.9 

!ffi  II  10.42  9  47  |  102.1 

03.6  14.3 

95.4  41.9 

90.9  81.2 

Jlna,  HU  of  ^  f0^0^  ^ 

I  h  12.  '  ^ 

'OejCiLii  ?L  ****** 

0  ryfQv  -  . 

Seuc*.  no><4  Oy  ^  /  /3. 

Sio-nxu*  AcJte**/.  «%Uk i.-'-/ 

r£au*»  <K«m  .  watt* 

(ScJioy .  *n 

&"■  ^umc.  -  £yy~~j  “**  ^  > 

LicU'J  *~\  A—  *f  *~~^»**(  I 

The  mpdern  desire  to  encompass  in' a  given  time  a  greater 
radios  of  travel  than  the  physical  limitations  of  the  horse  will 
allow  is  responsible  for  the  rapid  development  of  the  automobile. 

Consequently,  the  automobile  is  largely  employed  as  a 
family  conveyance,  and  its  adoption  as  such  is  being  greatly  extend¬ 
ed  from  day  to  day.  At  the  present  time  there  is  undoubtedly  a 
greater  number  of  gasoline  vehicles  than  eleotrioB  in  use  because 
of  the  previous  deficiencies  of  the  latter,  owing  to  the  use  of  lead 

There  is  no  doubt  whatever  that  in  nine  oaBeB  out  of  ten 
a  family  would  muoh  prefer  the  noiseless,  oleanly,  odorleBB,  simple 
and  more  easily  operated  electric  vehiole  if  reasonable  mileage  and 
reliability  oan  be  assured.  There  1b  positive  proof  of  thiB  fact 
in  the  tremendously  increased  Bale  of  eleotrio  automobiles  since 
the  Edison  storage  battery  haB  been  introduced  on  the  market. 

The  questions  naturally  arising  in  the  mind  of  a  person  who 
is  contemplating  the  purchase  of  an  eleotrio  vehiole  for  family 
use,  ares  How  muoh  UBe  oan  I  get  out  of  it?  Can  I  use  it  for  shopping 
and  o ailing  and  then  take  a  run  into  the  country  and  get  home  again 
without  the  risk  of  the  battery  giving  out?  If  I  don’t  make  any 
long  runs,  how  muoh  ubb  of  the  vehiole  oan  I  reply  upon  for  ordinary 
family  purposes  without  having  to  reoharge  the  batteries? 

The  answers  to  these  questions  will  be  found  by  an  examina¬ 
tion  of  the  Trial.  Runs  given  in  the  preceding  pages.  Take,,  for  in- 
.  stance,'  Trip  Ho.  6  -  The  results  show  that  a  person  living  in  Hew 
York  might  have  used  the  vehiole  for  shopping,  eto,  in  the  morning  and 
afterwards  taken  a  pleasure  run  out  to  Morr  istown,  ?ar  Hills  and 

Somerville,  Hew  Jersey,  covering  nearly  100  miles  during  the  afternoon 
and  evening  and  still  have  gotten  baok  home  with  an  ample  margin  of 
ourrent.  The  other  Trial  Runs,  suoh  as  Hoe.  1,  2,  3,  4;  6,  8,10  and  12 
folly  demonstrate  similar  possibilities  of  a  liberal  family  UBe  of  the 
vehiole  around  the  oity  together  with  a  tour  into  the  country  approxi¬ 
mating  1.00  miles,  without  any  necessity  for  a  nervous  apprehension  of 
being  "stuck"  by  the  way.  It  Bhould  be  understood, however,  that  these 
runs  were  made  on  the  maximum  : charge  that  the  battery  would  Btore  and 
the  runs  were  made  by  an  expert.  The  ordinary  owner,  until  he  became 
expert  would  probably  not  get  more  than  ot  these  mileages  and  less 
if  the  battery  was  not  fully  charged. 

And  what  is  most  encouraging  of  all  is  that  thB  owner  of 
suoh  a  vehiole  operated  by  the  Edison  Storage  Battery,  on  returning 
home,  oan  eonneot  his  battery  with  the  charging  ourrent,  leave  it 
and  go  to  bed  to  sleep  peacefully  in  full  assurance  that  in  the  morn¬ 
ing  his  battery  will  be  re-charged  and  the  vehiole  ready  to  give  him  at 
least  as  much  travel  as  it  did  the  previous  day,  with  as  great  a  de¬ 
gree  of  certainty  aB  before. 

If  the  prospective  purchaser  should  desire  to  ubo  the 
vehiole  every  day  for  running  about  the  oity,  without  taking  any 
trips  into  the  country,  the  "City  Run"  of  Trial  Test  Ho.  7  will  show 
what  may  be  expeoted  for  this  class  of  servioe.  It  will  be  Been  from 
the  results  of  this  test  that  the  average  mileage  was  a  trifle  over 
17  miles  a  day  for  seven  days,  or  a  total  of  120  miles,  with  a  single 
oharge  of  the  battery,  and  without  paying -any  attention  to  the  bat¬ 
tery  -  meanwhile,  suoh  a  result  -.would-be  obolutely  impossible  with  a 
lead  battery  of  the  Bame  oapaoity  and  twioe  the  weight.  In  the 

first  place  a  lead  battery  must  be  oarefully  watohed  end  recharged  at 
once  after  a  oertain  quantity  of  current  has  been  taken  out.  In  the 
next  place  such  mileage  could  not  be  made,  and  if  the  lead  battery 
were  not  recharged  promptly  upon  arriving  at  the  proper  point,  it 
would  be  badly  suiphated  and  probably  ruined.  Under  the  conditions 
of  city  use  shown  in  Trial  Test  Ho.  7  the  Edison  battery  would  need 
charging  only  once  a  week.  And,  differing  from  the  lead  battery,  the 
Edison  battery  need  not  be  oharged  immediately  but  may  Btana  discharged 
without  harm. 

The  Edison  storage  battery  thrives  on  work,  ana,  barring 
accident  or  the  grossest  kind  of  carelessness  or  negligence,  it  will 
thus  continue  to  perform  its  full  duty  up  to  its  rated  capacity,  day 
in  and  day  out,  month  after  month.  Our  confidence  in  this,  as  ex¬ 
hibited  by  our  guarantee,  is  born  of  knowledge  and  experience  ob¬ 
tained  from  praotioal  work. 

The  Customer’s  Pocket  Book. 

The  reader  of  thiB  pamphlet  is  probably  a  prospective  pur¬ 
chaser  of  an  electric  vehicle,  and  the  main  question  with  him  is 
to  get  the  greatest  value  for  his  money.  As  to  what  constitutes 
the" greatest  value",  the  following  principal  items  may  be 

1.  A  continuation  of  uniformly  high 
mileage  runs  on  signle  oharges  of 
the  battery. 

E.  low  oost  of  upkeep  of  battery  for 
repairs  and  renewals. 

a'  little  oare  or  expert  attention  or 
danger  of  ruining  the  battery  by 
laok  of  care.. 


4.  Long  useful  life  of  tottery. 

A  person  who  is  contemplating  an  outlay  of  two  thousand  dollars 
or  more  for  an  electric  car  is  not  usually  actuated  hy  "bargain-counter' 
motives,  and  ordinarily  is  willing  to  spend  a  few  hundred  dollars  more 
If  he  can  secure  such  advantages  as  these.  And  we  claim  and  can  prove 
beyond  doubt,  they  are  secured  in  a  vehicle  equipped  with  the  Edison 

We  do  not  attempt  to  deny,  in  fact,  we  make  the  statement, 
that  a  set  of  Edison  storage  batteries  costs  more  than  a  set  of  lead- 
aoid  batteries  in  the  first  cost  of  equipping  a  vehicle,  in  fact,  they 
cost  twice  as  much  and.  therefore. the  customer  is  required  to  make  a 
greater  investment  when  purchasing  a  oar  with  our  batteries.  But  in 
doing  so  he  is  securing  an  equipment  that  is  really  the  most  economi¬ 
cal  because  it  conforms  fully  to  the  items  of  reliability,  low  cost, 
simplicity  and  long  life  above  enumerated.  The  first  year  of  serviee 
will  amply  prove  this  statement.  The  Edison  battery  will  outlast 
three  lead  batteries  and  give  far  more  mileage. 

By  reason  of  inherent  and  absolutely  unavoidable  complexities 
in  its  very  nature,  the  lead-acid  battery  cannot  poddibly  be  made  so 
as  to  compare  with  the  Edison  storage  battery.  A  few  reasons  why  the 
latter  is  superior  to  the  lead-cell  will  be  found  on  page 

In  addition  to  these  points  of  superiority  we  may  point 
to  the  faot  that  in  all  the  years  of  experiments  on  his  battery  Mr. 
Edison's  content  aim  has  been  to  eliminate  the  necessity  of  technical 
or  expert  attention  after  it  has  reached  the  customers'  hands.  Hot,, 
only  has  he  succeeded  in  this  direction,  but  he  has  also  brought  it 
to  such  a  state  of  perfection  as  to  be  practically  "foolproof";  thus 
providing  for  the  ordinary  oareleBsnesB  and  negleot  of  attendants. 


There  ie  a  popular  impression  that  the  coat  of  operating  and  main* 
taining  an  eleotrio  automobile  ie  far  beyond  that  of  a  carriage  and  team 
of  horBes.  In  making  suoh  a  comparison,  however,  many  qualifications 
should  be  considered,  among  which  the  following  may  be  named: 

(1)  The  automobile  is  capable  of  making  mileage  that  in  both  time 
and  extent  is  absolutely  impossible  to  horses  by  reason  of  their  physi¬ 
cal  limitations. 

(2)  If  required,  an  eleotrio  vehicle  with  Edison  battery  could 
be  used  for  travelling,  say  BO  to  100  miles  a  day  every  .day,  if  roads 
were  reasonably  good.  Such  a  performance  would  be  beyond  the  possible 
endurance  of  horses. 

(3)  Horses  need  feeding  at  least  twice  a  day  every  day  in  the 
year.  They  must  also  receive  frequent  grooming  and  constant  care  to 
keep  them  in  condition.  A  family  electric  with  Edison  battery  needs 
absolutely  no  attention  when  not  in  use.  The  owner  might  bring  it  in 
from  a  run,  lock  it  up  in  his  garage  and  go  off  to  Europe  for  a  year, 
and  on  his  return  find  it  ready  for  immediate  use,  after  recharging, 
incidentally,  it  may  be  remarked,  suoh  a  course  of  procedure  would 
absolutely  ruin  any  other  storage  battery  than  the  Edison. 

(4)  A  team  of  horses,  if  kept  in  the  owner’s  stable,  need  the 
services  of  a  Btableman.  This  man  may  also  act  as  coachman,  but  it 
imperatively  required  that  he  shall  be  experienced  in  the  care  of  hor¬ 
ses.  To  run  a  family  electric  having  Edison  storage  battery,  it  is  not 
necessary  to  have  a  chauffeur  or  special  employee.  It  may  be  operated 
by  any  man  who  works  around  the  place,  provided  ho  has  ordinary  intel¬ 
ligence,  the  owner  himself,  or  any  of  his  family,  including  the  ladies,; 
can  run  such  a  car  without  any  trouble.  The  vehicle  itself  needs. hut 
little  attention 

Wo»a  niw,  *»*  •»***>»•  “  *°  *“  “,,,r  °T‘X°' 

very  ordta.ry  «nd  only  a  l.» 

minutes  of  personal  attention. 

(5)..  For  two  Horses  suitable  staples  are  required,  with 
, lofts  or  compartments  for  feed,  hay  and  straw.  Such  build¬ 
ing  or  buildings,  together  with  carriage  house  and  the  proper 
arrangements  for  containing  stable  refuse  necessitate  structures 
of  ample  dimensions.  Their  cost  and  maintenance  form  no 
inconsiderable  item  in  the  total  expense  of  beeping  horses 
and  carriages.  For  a  family  electric  only  a  small,  simple  . 
building  is  required  as  a  garage.  A  structure  large  enough 
to  comfortably  house  the  vehicle  is  all  that  is  necessary. 

A  portable  house  costing  a  few  hundred  dollars  would  be  ample. 
For  this  reason,  many  persons  who  for  laok  of  space  are 
obliged  to  keep  their  horses  and  carriages  at  a  livery 
stable,  would  be  able  to  keep  a  family  electric  in  a 
small  garage  on  their  own  property,  1»  many  cases  it 
would  be  possible  td  store  the  family  electric  in  the 
basement  of  a  residence  by  having  an  opening  made  in  the 
lower  part  of  the  house  and  a  sloping  driveway  leading 
to  it.  This,  however,  would  be  feasible  only  if  the  car 
were  furnished  with  an  Edison  Storage  Battery,  for  unlike 
the  lead  battery,  it  gives  off  no  corrosive  fumes  and  is 
entirely  odorless. 


It  should  he  constantly  home  in  mind  that  when  considered  in  com¬ 
parison  with  horses,  the  greatly  increased  mileage  and  the  un¬ 
limited  use  of  the  eleotrio  vehioles  are  factors  of  supreme 


The  average  salesman  or  agent  has  an  enthusiastic 
ambition  to  dose  a  deal.  His  business  is  to  make  sales, 
and  all  sales  bring  grist  to  his  mill.  Henoe,  he  usual¬ 
ly  follows  the  line  of  least  resistance.  If  he  is  work¬ 
ing  on  commission  he  makes  hie  per  oentage  on  every  sale, 
whether  it  be  large  or  small.  If  he  is  working  on  salary, 
each  deal  he  doses  increases  hiB  prestige  with  the  house 
he  represents.  In  either  case  he  will  do  all  he  oan  to  sell 
something  to  the  enquirer. 

How,  this  may  be  all  right  from  the  salesman's  stand¬ 
point,  but  in  praotioe  the  principle  does  not  always  work 
to  the  advantage  of  the  customer  whose  chief  desire  is  to 
obtain  a  good  and  reliable  article.  Naturally,  he  wishes 
to  keep  his  investment  down  to  the  lowest  point  that  is 
consistent  with  the  attainment  of  his  desires. 

It  is  by  reason  of  the  oonfliot  of  these  principles 
that  many  enquirers  frequently  beoome  purchasers  of  low- 
prioed  electric  vehioles  with  lead  batteries  that  cause 
them  much  disappointment  by  imperfect  performance  later  on. 

The  average  prospective  purchaser  is  not  an  eleotrically 
technical  person.  ..His  activities  being  in  other  direo- 


tiona ,  he  knows  hut  little  about  batterlea,  and  ha a  made  no. 
study  of  different  types.  Consequently,  a  battery  to  him  la 
a  battery  and  nothing  more;  simply  a  contrivance  for  furnish¬ 
ing  some  eleotrioity. 

If,  therefore,  he  is  shown  several  types  of  eleotrlo 
vehicle,  and  in  each  case  two  prices  are  named  for  the  vehicle, 
the  lower  price  including  a  lead  battery  and  the  higher  price  the 
Ediaoh  battery,  it  will  be  quite  natural  that  he  will  enquire 
the  reason  of  the  difference.  The  salesman  will  explain  to  the 
Dost  of  his  ability.  If  his  explanation  is  not  full  and  explicit; 
if  it  is  not  impartial;  if  it  does  not  the  customary  habit 
of  mind  of  the  enquirer;  and  if  the  intending  purchaser  has  not 
made  any  previous  investigations  of  batteries,  there  may  be  a 
tendency  towards  minimising  the  amount  of  investment. 

The  salesman  is  quick  to  perceive  this,  end  is  apt 
to  follow  the  line  of  least  resistance.  He  does  not  want  to 
lose  a  sale,  and  therefore  is  not  inclined  to  elaborate  upon 
the  possible  difficulties  that  the  purchaser  is  likely  to  en¬ 
counter  with  the  lower-priced  outfit.  Thus,  the  sale  may  be 
consummated  and  the  purchaser  may  find  that  in  the  long  run 
the  minimum  of  investment  is  very  far  from  being  the  most  econ¬ 

II.  on  the  other  h.nd,  the  proep.otiv.  p«roh.o«r  h.o 
•  ttfoon  th.  trouhl.  to  mid  «o».  tnr.etig.tion  0 £  the  iHH 

concerning  th.  «.  dletln.tir.  type.  ol  St.r.g.,  ...d:h.o 
.oo.rt.lnod  with  cri.lnty.  «.  »■»  »•  *»».  '  "“lr  “,“1  in  oer.rel  oi  worh,  h.  will  M  1«  ***»» 


*e  independent  of  the  opinions  of  others,  and  will  inaist  ppon 

an  Edison  Battery  with  his  vehiole. 

in  this  way  he  will  he  assured  of  the  highest  pos- 
aihle  use  of  his  automobile  with  the  minimum  of  expense  end 
trouble . 


The  written  guarantee  of  a  responsible  concern  iB 
equal  to  money.  This  is  a  self-evident  proposition.  There¬ 
fore,  such  a  guarantee  is  an  absolute  protection  to  a  purchaser. 
With  it,  no  element  of  chance  enters  into  the  transaction  so 
far  as  the  basic  element  of  operation  is  concerned;  and  the 
very  fact  of  its  offer  implies  that  we  Imow  by  experience 
what  the  Edison  Battery  will  do  and  are  thus  willing  to  bach 
our  knowledge. 

n  mould  lit.  to  be  «  .ft.  definite IT  «»t  real 

lit.  an  Edison  store  go  hatter,  mj  b.  expeot.d  to  hove.  tut  f  » 
been  In  business  only  .bout  six,  end  Mint  Is  not  long 
enough  to  enable  us  to  ft.  ep.oitlo  .t.ts.snt  Hereof.  •« 

„y  say,  booster.  that  guit.  a  »u»ber  of  sails  of  a  fomer  typo 
(inferior  to  the  present  type)  bare  been  in  delivery  s.rrio. 
in  „e.  York  for  .ore  than  fit.  year.  •»*  «•  ■«“  8“°a 

„rk.  .»  of  the  ...  type  "A"  ■  hat.  bean  in  si.ll.r  serai., 
nearly  three. year.  and.  on  .  resent  tsst.  she.  a  great  inure... 
in  oapaoity  without  deterioration  of  any  sort. 

W.  are  so  o.rtain  of  its  long  lift,  'thst  ..  are  oil- 
ling  to  guarantee  that  the  .Edison  battery  oill  b.  o.p.ble  of  _  . 


giving  at  least  ninety  percent  (9055)  of  Its  rated  capacity 
after  tjS*e  years  from  date  of  delivery  to  the  purchaser, 
when  used  in  a  delivery  wagon  or  in  trucking  service  where 
our  inspectors  have  access.  In  pleasure  vehicles,  where 
the  conditions  are  leBs  strenuous  and  exacting,  a  life  even 
longer  than  that  should  be  expected.  It  will  he  .quite  obvious  g 

that  wo  could  not  afford  to  give  such  a  guarantee  if  there  | 

were  not  a  wide  margin  of  safety  for  us.  This  means,  of  § 

course,  that  the  customer  will  benefit  to  a  much  greater  degree  | 

then  the  guarantee  assures.  'j| 


You,  the  reader  of  this  booklet,  may  be  contemplating  § 

the  purchase  of  an  electric  automobile  for  the  use  of  yourself  j 

and  family.  You  may  be  a  merchant,  banker,  broker,  lawyer,  j 

doctor  or  other  kind  of  business  .man  and  have  had  no  op-  . 
portunity,  or  possibly,  inclination  to  make  a  study  of  electric¬ 
ity  or  storage  batteries.  . 

You  want  an  electric  vehicle  because  it  is  cleanly, 
simple,  noiseless,  odorless  and  easy  to  operate,  but  you  want 
to  be  sure  that  it  will  give  you  reasonable  mileage  and  con¬ 
tinuous  service,  month  in  month  out,  year  after  year,  with¬ 
out  requiring  a  lot  of  trouble  and  expense  for  expert  attention 
and  repairs.  j 

Can  you  get  it? 

Our  answer  is  "Yes,  if  you  buy  a  standard  vehicle 

with  Edison  storage  batteries  to  operate  it." 

No  man  need  remain  in  the  dark  as  to  the  possibilities 


and  actual  performance  of  the  different  classes  of  storage 
battery.  The  facts  may  he  ascertained  as  definitely  as  the 
days  of  the  week.  V»e  have  given  herein  the  facts  as  to  our 
battery.  Doth  hy  actual  road:  tests  and  laboratory  results,  and 
are  prepared  to  stand  by  them. 

If  you  will  investigate  impartially,  intelligently 
and  insistently,  there  is  no  doubt  about  your  decision.  - 
it  will  be  to  use  the  Edison  storage  battery  and  no  other. 


A  Few  Reasons  Why  the  Edison  Battery 
is  Superior  to  the  Lead. 

Because  it 

Weighs  but  48%  to  56%  of  lead, 

Occupies  but  67%  to  85%  the  space  of  lead,  ■ 

Has  a  vastlv  greater  life  than  lead, 

Is  more  efficient  than  lead. 

Costs  less  to  maintain  than  lead,  ,_rU 

Is  much  cheaper  than  lead, cut«  o.  l  I 

Contains  no  acid,  and  consequently  there  is 
No  sulphation  of  plates, 

No  corrosion  of  plates, 

No  corrosion  of  terminals, 

No  rotting  away  of  trays, 

No  corrosion  of  running  gear. 

Because  there  is 

No  buckling  of  plates, 

No  growing  of  plates, 

No  slopping  of  electrolyte, 

No  loss  of  active  material, 

No  plate  renewals, 

No  sediment  in  jars, 

No  cleaning  out  of  jars, 

No  breaking  of  jars, 

No  lead  cutting  to  do, 

No  lead  burning  to  do. 

No  expensive  repair  bills, 

No  breaking  down  of  plates  due  to  vibration. 

No  loss  of  active  material  due  to  excessive  overcharge. 

Extremely  small  loss  in  capacity  while  standing  idle, 

No  injury  to  cell  if  left  discharged. 

No  injury  due  to  excessive  overcharge. 

Because  it 

if"™  «"”* 



family  horse-vehicle. 

Cost  -  spread  over  term  of  years,  is  less. 
Maintenanoe:  Considering  amount  of  work  done 
the  repairs  or  maintenanoe  is  less. 

Labor:  Requires  less  labor  to  oare  for,  or 

a  aaa 

Fuel:  Consumes  none  while  idle. 

Kg"»4l“JiVfoSg«i.4  traHio.  at  g.« 

OanPbeds tabled  where  horses  are  not  permitted. 
Always  ready:  no  delay  in  getting  away.  . 

Will  pull  despite  weather  or  road  oond it ions. 
Permits  larger  radius  of  travel  than  with 


Dirt, dd“t9 and  manure  would  disappear 
Permits  the  aoourate  and  easy  determination 
of  costs. 




l  Power-  Lower  cost  of  power,  and  less  loss  of  power 
2*  -Repairs:  Greater  simplicity,  henoe  fewer  repairs. 
3‘  Durability:  More  durable  than  reoiproeal  type. 

4.  Ho  elaborate  repair  tools  ne«d®4* 
f-  Attention  *  Much  loss  than  with  gasoline* 

6*  Insurance:  lower  insurance  rates  and  freedom  from 

7.  Chauffeur ^No  expensive  experienced  ohauffeur  re¬ 

1.  Starting:  Ho  oranking,  instant  starting. 

I!  •■.««  *>»  *rl»r  »..d 

I:  mS.KSV&rU  !»«••«.* 

eleotrio  vehiole. 


1.  Simplioity  of  oonBtruotion  and  operation. 

p  Power:  Eleotrio  power  universal. 

g'.  Danger:  No  danger  from  fire  or  explosion. 

4.  Control:  Complete  at  all 

5.  Safety:  To  both  operator  and  Pa°li0  ’ 

6.  Ho  freezing:  Ho  oraoked  oylinders. 

8*  Eleotrio  vehicles  permitted  where  no  gasoline 

5LT  ”*tl“ 

and  deterioration. 



X.  Ho  noise. 

2.  Ho  odor. 

%\  ho  gears'  to  shift:  no  olutoh  to  throw. 

6.  Ho  carburetter  to  get  out  of  order. 

6.  Hp  ignition  nor 

In  a  letter  to  the  Edison  Storage  Battery  Co., 
dated  March  14th,  1911,  a  manufacturer  of  automobiles  says: 

"We  Know  that  all  the  lead  battery  cars  we 
put  out  made  trouble.  Practically  every  one  of  them  had 
new  batteries  within  or  at  the  end  of  the  first  year. 
Almost  every  one  went  to  excessive  expense  getting  or 
trying  to  get  expert  battery  service. 

"We  have  had  the  Edison  battery  in  our  oars 
for  eighteen  or  twenty  months  and  no  customer  has  been 
to  any  expense  on  any  battery  whatever  except  for  solution 
renewal.  The  first  expense  of  battery  repairs  occurred 
yesterday,  when  a  terminal  post  was  twisted  off  in  our 
shop  under  the  writer's  eye." 

dcio-t;  ouas  dcu 

fee,  ‘h'ia^ 



r  -  i 


Cj&Tb  nn^cpjujr  — 

u'  :  .  i.  : 

/tec,  tfcL.cjc.f~  —  tfcc*>  ceCj-o  ^ar-\i.6,f'C*Axjt  to  <}cuf 




Ui  Uftfcuf 

cue  /o 


d  €clL 

cry\  <S-Ao  ro-^c. 

/3  c*V'Ac-r-y , 



a  kul. 

tfcccj&r  !  -  / 

tftc.  VviCMa  :  .  1 

U  ■tlcJ 

i  Cj  oo  £  h'i'mX 

.  -4: 

. &. 



*  . 


Cowles  Tolman,  President, 

Hole omb  Company, 

Hew  Haven,  Conn. 

Dear  Sir:- 

In  answer  to  your  inquiry  concerning  the  new 
Edison  battery  which  I  am  now  using,  would  soy  I  find  them 
very  satisfactory,  requiring  comparatively  little  care, 
and  giving  unusual  mileage  after  charging.  Mr.  Edison 
surely  deserves  much  credit  for  the  success  which  he 
has  attained. 

Very  respectfully, 

(Dr.)  A.  E.  Vf  inch  ell. 

43  Exchange  Place, 
Hew  York  City. 

August  29th.  1911. 

Mr,  H.  G.  Thompson, 

Manager  of  R.R.  Dept., 

Edison  Storage  Battery  Co., 

Orange,  H.  J. 

My  Dear  Mr.  Thompson 

The  battery  has  been  a  great  souroe  of  comfort  in  my 
boat  this  summer  and  as  the  time  is  nov;  rapidly  appr oaoh 
ing  When  we  must  leave  the  lake  region  and  JgJW 
boat  I  am  wondering  what  to  do  with  the  battery 
+>iB  winter  As  I  have  no  plaoe  where  there  is  not  danger 
from  Seleing  I  wonder  if  I  can  ship  it  back  to  your 
nnlnnnv  at  Orange  have  you  clean  it  out  and  next  summer 
filling  and  recharging  and  shipping  when  the  time  occurs. 
I  would  expect  to  pay  for  the  service  and  it  is  about  the 
only  way  I  can  see  out  of  the  dilemma. 

Awaiting  your  reply  with  interest,  I  remain. 

Yours  very  truly, 

1.  R.  Pomeroy. 




44  Munn  Avenue,  East  Orange,  H.  J 
March  24th,  1911. 

Edison  Storage  Battery  Co., 

Orange,  Mew  Jersey. 


I  have  driven  various  electric  cars  in  the 
aggregate,  over  thirty  thousand  miles.  For  the  past 
two  years  I  have  used  Edison  Batteries  exclusively.  I 
do  not  hesitate  to  say  that  rather  than  go  hack  to  the 
heavy,  cumbersome  typo  of  lead  battery,  with  its  constant 
depreciation  and  heavy  expense  for  upkeep,  I  would  prefer 
to  abandon  the  use  of  the  electric  oar  altogether. 

My  Bailey  Car,  with  the  Edison  battery,  is 
the  best  I  have  ever  had  and  gives  me  the  greatest  satis¬ 

Yours  sincerely, 

lerria  T.  Scarritt. 

Kansas  City,  Mo.,  March  29th,  1911 

Mr.  J.  G.  Kirsten, 

#3501  Main  Street, 

Kansas  City,  Mo. 

Dear  Sir:- 

It  will  interest  you  to  know  that  my  Detroit  Eleotric  Car 
was  stored  on  November  25th  with  a  partial  charge  of  elec¬ 
tricity  and  the  car  was  not  used  again  until  March  14th, 
when  with  only  an  additional  charge  of  one  hour  and  a  half 
I  ran  the  car  twenty-five  miles  before  turning  it  over  to 
your  driver  to  be  taken  to  your  garage  for  inspection. 
Taking  the  oar  to  your  garage  increased  the  mileage  to 
51  miles. 

The  car  during  the  period  of  its  idleness  of  more  than 
three  and  one  half  months  stood  in  our  garage  wholely 
without  heat,  within  which  time,  as  you  know,  we  had 
below  zero  weather  several  times. 

These  facts  seem  to  verify  the  claims  made  for  the 
Edison  Battery  at  least  aB  to  its  proof  against  injury 
by  freezing  weather  and  that  the  batteries  do  not  bee  one 
exhausted  by  leakage  or  injured  by  standing  without  re¬ 

I  have  had  my  Detroit  Eleotrio  since  last  May,  and  have 
had  no  reason  to  oomplain,  on  the  contrary,  I  am  more 
than  pleased  with  it. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Mrs.  U.  S.  Epperson. 

San  FranoiBCO,  Calif.,  Mar.  1,  1911 

Nestor  Electric  Vehicle  Co., 

137  Hayes  St., 



I  take  this  opportunity  of  expressing  my  entire 
satisfaction  with  the  workings,  mileage,  ana  general  behavior 
of  the  Bailey  Electric  Victoria  Phaeton,  equipped  with  the 
new  Edison  storage  battery,  which  I  purchased  from  you  some-, 
time  ago. 

Will  state  that  the  up-keep  is  surprisingly  low 
for  the  mileage  obtained  in  climbing  the  steep  hills  in  ana 
about  San  Francisco.  For  instance,  one  hill  had  a  84^ 
grade  which  my  Bailey  Electric  climbed  with  ease. 

I  have  no  hesitancy  in  recommending  thiB  oar 
to  anyone  desirous  of  purchasing  a  first-class  electric  vehicle, 
Yours  very  truly, 

C.  Carpy. 

April  12,  1911  to  Herreshoff  Ufg.  Co..  Bristol,  H.  I. 

"The  performance  of  the  substantial  ana 

^aouTbteaV toaeadgooariong  run  left  in  it  -  this 
after  six  months  of  absolute  iaienes  . 

April  20,  1911  to  S.  B.  Bailey  &  Co.,  Ameshury,  Mass. 

«“  «  SSrt'Sffiith  tff  rffilt  as  per  attached 

ana  hia  a  lot  of  come  hack  to  it.  This  certainly 
“ooS  that  our  claims  for  Edison  Battery  are 

Report  on  Short  Run  &  Condition 
Edison  Battery  in  Bailey  Electric  #106 

Equipment  40  A-4  Edison  cells  -  48  volt  G.  B.  motor  -  2  Passenge 
Battery  had  not  heen  charged  for  about  six  months,  Oct.  18,  1910 
Roads  very  muddy  -  hard  going. 

Open  circuit,  Battery  reading  at  start  -  52  volts. 

2nd  Speed  -  44  volts  -  30  amps.  -  Bad  road 

n  n  _  45.5  "  -  22  "  -  Pair  " 

n  n  46.6  "  -  18  "  -  Good  " 

n  n  -  45  »  »  36  "  -  Bad  "  Up  hill 

n  it  _  45  n  -  30  "  -  Baa  "  level 

n  n  „  43  "  -  40  "  -  Up  Hill 

3rd  "  -  41  "  -  42  "  -  Up  Hill 

2nd  "  -  45  "  -  24  "  -  Level  -  Baa  road 

„  ii  _  47  n  ~  17  "  -  Good  road 

"  "  47.5  "  -  16  "  ~  "  " 

n  n  4i  n  -  40  "  -  Up  Hill 

Open  Circuit  reading  immediately  after 

stopped  52.5  volt 

Mount  Carmel,  Ea. ,  June  20th,  1911 

Dear  Sirs:- 

I  have  run  a  Bailey  Victoria  with  Edison  Battery 
for  a  year  over  our  very  hilly  country  and  have  had  no  trouble 
oovering  70  to  75  miles  on  a  single  oharge,  a  total  of  over 
two  thousand  miles.  You  Know  the  condition  of  our  mud  roads. 

X  am  satisfied  and  pleased  with  the  result . 

Yours  truly, 

(signed)  M.  K.  Watkins. 

the  mountain  where  th  0  Battery  used  has  a  normal;.' »S”rs?i*5» . ••  -»»•  »  »*"• 

There  are  no  fine  roads  in  the. vicinity . 

E.  W.  M.  B. 

St.  Paul,  Minn.,  June  21st,  -1911. 

Mr.  W.  G.  Bee, 

Eaison  Storage  Battery  Co., 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Battery  aoing  better  than  I  expectea.  The  Baker  RoaaBter 
with  60  A- 6  cells  gave  me  on  the  first  charge  112  miles  with 
power  to  spare.  It  is  a  gooa  "aa"  for  your  batteries.  Wouia 
like  to  see  you  up  here. 


Yours  truly, 

M.  B. Carpenter, 

June  23rd,  1911 

Mr.  D.  H.  Clark, 
Bell  &  Company, 
Orangeburg ,  H.  Y. 

I  have  your  letter  of  June  23rd  inquiring  about, 
the  Edison  Storage  Battery  ana  it  gives  me  great 
pleasure  to  he  able  to  say  that  I  have  found  it 
entirely  satisfactory. 

1  think  it  is  a  wonderful  battery,  far  ahead  of 
anything  that  has  ever  been  produced  and  I  have 
it  from  Mr.  Edison  himself  that  it  should  last 
a  lifetime.  My  plant  has  now  been  installed  about 
a  year  and  the  batteries  do  not  show  the  slightest 
sign  of  deterioration;  in  fact  it  has  not  been 
necessary  to  change  the  electrolyte  solution. 

The  Batteries  take  up  a  small  corner  of  my  power 
house  on  a  shelf  about  40"  square.  In  order  to 
install  the  lead  Batteries  I  wou’d  have  been 
obliged  to  build  an  addition  to  my  garage  with 
elaborate  shelves  ana  passage  ways  designed  for 
the  constant  care  of  the  battery. 

I  left  ny  summer  home  about  the  first  of  January 
and  returned  about  the  9th  of  June.  During  that 
time  I  had  my  caretaker  put  distilled  water  in  the 
batteries  two  or  three  times,  but  aside  from  that 
they  did  not  have  the  slightest  attention.  When 
I  returned  the  batteries  registered  ninety  volts 
out  of  the  original  110.  The  Battery  will  stand 
a  great  deal  of  abuse  which  would  finish  a  lead 
battery.  My  experience  with  the  lead  batteries 
I  have  used  on  automobiles  has  been  that  after 
a  few  months’  uSe  I  have  to  throw  them  away  and 
buy  new  ones. 

Edw.  V.  Hartford, 

Amesbury,  Mass.,  June  26,  1911V 

Mr.  W.  G.  Bee, 

Edison  Storage  Battery  Co., 
Orange,  H.  J. 

I  enclose  copy  of  a  letter  from  Mr.  Watkins,  who 
has  given  the  battery  what  we  consider  the  hardest  use  of  any 
of  our  customers.  ThiB  A-4  battery  probably  doesn’t  run  ten 
minutes  without  going  into  double  its  normal  discharge  rate. 

Mrs.  M.  M.  Johnson,  Hallowell,  Me.,  has  had 
a  Bailey  Phaeton  about  a  month  with  a  54  A-4  battery  and  re¬ 
ports  climbing  a  hill  that  has  "never  been  climbed  by  any  gaso¬ 
line  oar."  She  also  reports  getting  90  miles  on  one  charge. 

The  Combination  of  poor  roadB  and  steep  grades  in  that  vicinity 
is  certainly  the  worst  that  I  have  ever  motored  over.  Our  es¬ 
timated  mileage  before  selling  the  car  was  75  miles. 

Yours  very  truly, 

S.  B.  BAILEY  &  COMP AMY,  Inc. 

E.  V/.  M.  Bailey,  Treas. 

Kansas  City,  Mo.,  June  26,  1911. 

Mr.  C.  B.  Prayer, 

1336  Peoples  Gas  Bldg-. 
Chioago,  Ill. 

We  enclose  under  separate  cover  photograph  of 
one  of  our  new  Detroit  oars  whioh  was  in  a  wreck  last  Wednesday. 
The  oar  hit  a  telephone  pole  and  a  tree,  one  after  the  other, 
going  about  fifteen  miles  an  hour  down  hill,  the  owner  having 
lost  control  of  it,  and  threw  it  into  the  curb  and  up  into 
the  tree. 

We  are  sending  you  this  photograph  whioh  shows 
the  Edison  Battery  very  clearly,  and  the  marvelous  part  of 
the  accident  was  that  not  a  single  battery  connection  was 
broken,  and  that  the  car  was  run  in  three  miles  from  town 
to  our  garage  under  its  own  power.  Outside  of  a  little 
wobble  in  the  right  rear  wheel  not  a  thing  iB  wrong  with  the 

The  combination  of  the  Detroit  Electrio  and  the 
Edison  Battery  has  certainly  shown  up  wonderfully  in  this 
terrible  accident.  It  would  be  rather  hard  to  determine 
which  is  entitled  to  the  most  credit,  the  car  or  the  battery, 
but  we  certainly  have  great  cause  for  congratulation  from 
the  fact  that  this  car  had  an  Edison  Battery  in  it,  because 
if  we  had  had. the  lead  sulphurio  acid  battery  the  occupants 
of  the  car  would  have  been  badly  burned  in  addition  to  their 
present  serious  injuries.  They  are,  however,  recovering 
rapidly,  and  have  ordered  a  new  Detroit  Electrio  with  Edison 
Battery,  which  we  will  deliver  to  them  tomorrow. 



Chicago,  Ill.,  July  13thi,  1911. 

Edison  Storage  Battery  Co., 
Orange,  H.J. 

Answering  your  letter  asking  whether  the  stora£ 
batteries  Which  I  purchased  with  a  Detroit  machine  in  April, 
1910,  are  giving  satisfaction,  I  take  pleasure  in  stating 
that  there  has  been  no  trouble  of  any  nature  with  the 
batteries.  The  machine  has  been  in  use,  not  only  during 
moderate  weather,  but  also  during  the  winter,  and  at  no 
time  was  there  the  slightest  difficulty  in  operation.  The 
equipment  seems  to  me  to  be  ideal  for  the  purpose. 

The  automobile  has  been  used  by  my  family  in 
and  about  Chicago,  having  made  approximately  6000  miles, 
has  been  stored  in  a  public  garage  when  not  in  use,  and  the 
batteries  have  received  about  as  much  attention  as  if  they 
did  not  exist,  except  charging  and  filling  by  the  garage 
people.  There  have  been  no  repairB. 

Very  truly  yours. 

Milwaukee,  Wis  . ,  July  19,  1911. 

Mr.  0.  B.  Prayer, 

Chicago,  Ill. 

Bear  Sir:- 

I  am  more  than  pleased  to  tell  you  that 
I  am  just  as  pleased  at  the  service  I  have  gotten 
out  of  my  Edison  batteries  as  the  day  I  purchased 
them.  They  have  been  in  use  every  day  without 
an  exception  up  to  the  present  time,  since  Sept. 
7th,  1910,  without  one  cent  of  repairs  to  me  in 
any  way.  I  have  covered  up  to  the  present  time 
3889  miles  with  ny  little  oar,  have  never  run 
out  of  power,  and  I  think  thiB  remarkable  owing 
to  the  fact  that  I  have  the  small  size  battery. 
Then  too  the  Edison  battery  requires  very  little 
attention  and,  still  better,  it  is  indestructible 
owing  to  the  fact  that  when  one's  car  needs  re¬ 
painting  or  overhauling,  the  batteries  can  be 
taken  out  and  no  damage  is  done  them  by  so  doing. 

Yours  very  trUly, 

The  following  is  an  attract  from  a  letter 
received  from  Mr.  F.  M.  Compton,  Davies 
Bldg.,  Dayton,  Ohio. 

"I  have  found  the  filling  trouble  pictured  bo 
strongly  to  me  In  advance  of  the  purchase  of 
this  battery  by  lead  battery  people,  to  be  a 
mere  bug-a-boo,  so  far  as  my  experience  goes 
with  charging  for  short  periods,  say  from  two 
to  four  hours.  I  do  not  see  that  it  requires 
any  more  filling  than  the  Exide  lead  battery 
which  works  with  it,  side  by  side.  If  you 
have  any  inquiries  aB  to  the  practical  ex¬ 
perience  along  this  line,  I  Shall  be  pleased 
to  answer  anyone  on  the  point .  1  am  alB  o 

prepared  to  discount'  the  claims  made  by  some 
of  the  competitors  that  the  battery  will  not 
oarry  up-hill.  This  battery  will  run  up  a 
long  hill  faster  than  the  Exide  battery  which 
I  now  have.  The  Bxide  battery  is  nearly  new 
and  in  first-class  condition." 

-Incorporated  - 

Suite  511»612  Continental  Bldg. , 

Denever,  Colo. ,  July  26,  1911. 

Replying  to  yours  of  July  17th,  I  Leg  to  say  that  I  am  great¬ 
ly  pleased  with  the  Edison  Battery  I  purchased  of  your  People 
eighteen  months  ago.  It  is  twioe  as  good  to-dayaethe  day 
I  purohased  it,  and  this  is  something  of  a  satisfaction  to 
a  man  who  has  Been  laying  out  something  lihe  two  or  three 
hundred  dollars  every  spring  for  a  new  lead  Battery.  I 
use  the  rotary  converter  in  charging  it  and  have  run  my  oar 
about  7.000  miles  during  the  past  eighteen  months.  While 
in  Florida  last  winter,  I  left  it  charged  ana  standing  in 
my  garage  without  fire  in  freezing  weather  end  it^ooathere 
for  four  months  without  any  attention.  When  I  came  home  in 
April  I  took  the  oar  out  and  ran  it  around  town  for  three 
or  four  days  Before  putting  it  on  charge. 

So  far  as  I  am  able  to  disoover,  it  is  absolutely  fool-proof, 
I  have  charged  it  at  the  rate  of  45  ampere  hours  and  have 
many  times  pushed  the  current  in  at  the  rate  of  125  ampere 
hours  for  two  hours  at  a  time  to  get  enough  to  run  me  70 
or  80  miles. 

As  a  hill-climbing  proposition,  I  don’t  believe  any  electric 
oar  iB  a  success,  “but  X  use  my  car  for  all  the  foot-hill 
jaunts  and  last  Sunday  ran  it  106  miles  and  reached  an  eleva¬ 
tion  of  nearly  2000  feet.  I  happened  to  be  in  a  mood  to  en- 
lov  slow  riding  that  is  all  there  Is  to  it,  but  the  battery 
took  me  there  and  got  me  home,  and  I  don't  Relieve  there  are 

three  lead  batteries  in  the  nation  that  could. have  duplicated 
the  trip  I  made. 

I  have  the  battery  in  a  Detroit  run-about  chassis  that  weighs, 
battery  and  all,  about  2000  lbs.  use  4  Z  32  PalmerWebtires, 
and  last  year  my  total  expenses  did  not  exceed  §20.00  per 
month  for  Juice,  care,  repairB,  tires,  etc.  -  a  record  that 
,  i  will  put  against  anything  I  have  heard  of  up  to  the  present 
time . 

I  have  worn  out  a  half  dozen  gas  oarB  hitting  the  high  PlaoeB 
in  California,  when  I  had  automobilities  bad.  I  have  settled 
down  now  to  a  real  comfortable  machine,  and  I  wouldn't  trade 
iny  Detroit  run-about  with  an  Edison  battery  for  the  best. 

.  machine  ever  built.  From  this' you., may  gather  taat  I  have  _ 
struck  an  easy,  quiet  gait  and  enjoy  a  machine  that  doesn  t 
call  for  chauffeurs,  cranking,  greaBy  hands  and  all  that  ' 

Bort  of  thing.  When  I  want  to  hit  the  high  places  1  bud 
aidize  a  friend  of  mine  to  undertake  the  job at  $6.00, 
an  hour  and  that  fills  the  hill,  and  for  the  time  being 
I  am  running  a  free  bus  at  a  minimum  of  expense. 

Hoping  this  will  cover  the  questions  you  ask,  and  trusting 
that  you  will  continue  to  prosper,  I  beg  to  remain, 

Yous  very  truly , 


Mr.  C.  B.  Prayer, 

1336  Peoples  Gas  Bldg., 
Chicago,  Ill. 

-  Incorporated  - 

Suite  611-612' Continental  Blag. 

Denver,  Colo.,  July  26,  1911. 

My  Dear  Mr.  Prayer 

Last  winter  I  put  in  three  months  in  Florida. 

If  I  wished  once  for  my  machine,  I  did  a  dozen  times .  It  is 
an  ideal  plaoe  to  sell  machines.  The  past  month  I  : have  been 
over  in  Utah,  ana  you  ao  not  know  how  I  have  missed  my  little 
red  machine.  It  seems  strange  the  Detroit  people  haven  t  some 
of  your  Batteries  at  work  in  that  town.  It  is  an  ideal  torn 
for  electrics  and  if  I  were  to  ship  my  car  over  there  and 
give  a  few  days’  demonstration,  I  Believe  I  oould  sell  You 
a  dozen  Batteries.  The  last  mileage  we  got  out  of  the 
Battery  was  '154  miles  and  I  consider  as  a  £ °P0S*^  i£r 

demonstrating  purposes  that  my  battery  ought  to  Be  worth 
$1600.  today  instead  of  $800.,  the  price  I  paid  a  year  and 
a  half  ago. 

You  might  incorporate  this  item  in  the  letter  I  herewith 
enclose  you. 

I  shall  Be  in  Utah  from  August  10th  to  August  26th. 

If  you  have  any  connections  out  there,  sic  them  on  to  me. 

I  stop  at  the  Hotel  Utah,  and  anybody  will  point  me  out  to 
your  friends  in  Salt  Lake  City,  from  • the  nice  clean  ,  white- 
necked  girls  with  peachy  cheekB  to  the  old  elders  with 
lambrequin  curtains  on  their  chins  that  float  out  on  the  waters 
of  the  Great  Salt  Lake. 

I  would  Be  glad  to  hear  from  you  in  the  meantime  here  in 

Yours  very  truly. 

Mr.  C.  B.  Prayer, 

1336  People  Gas  Bldg., 
Chicago,  Ill. 

61  Chur oh  Street, 

Hartford,  Conn.,  Sept.  7,  1911 

Che  Holcomb  Company, 

105  Goffe  Street, 

Hew  Haven,  Conn. 


You  desire  to  Know  what  I  think  of  the  new  • 
Edison  battery,  and  what  success  I  have  had. 

Have  only  had  the  battery  about  three  months  and  ran 
about  one  thousand  miles. 

To  date  it  has  been  absolutely  satisfactory.  It  gives  no 
trouble  and  anyone  without  the  least  experience  with  batter- 
ie8  can  take  care  of  it.  Give  it  water  and  electricity 
and  that  is  all  that  is  necessary. 

Yours  truly, 

W.  H.  Van  Strander. 

holly  lubber  compaiiy 

Hew  Haven,  Conn.,  Sept.  7,  1911 

The  Holcomb  company, 

Hew  Haven,  Conn. 


Referring  to  the  new  Eaison  Batteries  which 
you  furnished  me  in  the  Detroit  Electric  car  purchased  of  you 
early  last  spring,  the  same .have  proved  to  he  very  satisfactory. 
I  have  driven  the  car  hack  and  forth  all  summer  to  my  shore 
cottage,  11  miles  from  Hew  Haven  over  the  Branford  Hills, 
which  are  among  the  longest  steep  hills  in  this  vicinity 
and  the  batteries  have  done  the  work  splendidly.  I  am  satis¬ 
fied  that  they  are  by  far  the  best  batteries  in  the  market 
for  an  electric  pleasure  vehicle. 

yours  very  truly, 

E.  A.  Beckley. 



Mr.  Cowles  Tolman, 

Pres.  HolcomB  Co., 

New  Haven,  Conn. 

Dear  Sir:- 

You  ask  me  to  write  you  what.  I  think  of  the 
new  Edison  Battery  I  am  using  in  my  Detroit  Electric. 

In  answer  I  will  say  I  am  very  much  pleased  with  the 
workings  of  this  Battery  and  the  car.  They  give  entire 
satisfaction.  With  the  experience  I  have  had  with  the 
Edison  Battery,  I  am  lead  to  Believe  it  will  do  all  that 
is  claimed  for  it. 

Yours  very  truly, 

H.  W.  BarBour. 

Baehua,  H.  H. ,  Oot.  23rd,  1911. 

Mr.  W.  G.  Bee,  £<W  & 


our^bl/ll  number  103&i^  © 

' wiiyme^JpA 

k\f6u^rery  mueV-for  your  kina> 

t  have  had  your  batteries  64  eellB  A-4  now  16 

month,  t  *oX£” 

Ui  B  year  ago  even  gen  I  ooul dQgo  90  mix  j  think  thgy 

and  the  auto  with  me  fate  in  forming,  probably  on 

!in!a°i3y30tinHul!  2d°2S?.  as  thoseUnlhfl^ce 

my  vacations. 

I  have  only  run  little  over  2000  miles  in  the 
ie  months,  I  like  the  batteries  very  much. 

;ns,  i  - -  *  , 

M  not  too  muck  trouble  ft  would  be  muoh^>leaBec 

at  At  he  present  t-ime  they  seW  all^XTf  \  \ 

M  not  too  mu<k  trouble  ft  would  he  jiuoh^teaeed 
La\nswer  the  fallowing  ^stions^hs  P^Jgg 

Scan  I  tfsll  by  tha^voltage  on  mhter  in  the  auto 
0StoPl^^ie^Npi^e  more”than\!8j4s 

When  putting  in\new  solution, doee  i\make  any 
whether  the^oellVare  diso^arged  or  ^t?  Bo  I  . 
all  cells  at  onoe>  or  one  at  a  time. 

yours  very  truly, 
(Signed)  John  A.  Fisher. 

£27  Main  Street. 

Edison  General  File  Series 

1911.  Battery,  Storage  -  Federal  Storage  Battery  Car  Company 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 

representatives  in  Chicago. 

ADoroximately  90  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
items  not  selected  consist  primarily  of  letters  of  transmittal,  me 
regarding  billing  procedures,  and  circular  letters. 

FEDERAL  storage  battery  car  company 



;  p  '  Thomas  ^ •  Edison, 
Edison  Storage  Battery  Co, 
ORAMGE,  i". J. 

Dear  :.!r.  Edison: 



The  attached  clipping  is  from  Uie  Evenly  7”^ 

t  thinlr  t  can  see  in  this  a  good  opportwity  topers c M«3  f^a^vrif^ 

tl„  «.  -  *»  .  W  ^J*'*J&*?* 

From  this  article  it  would  appear  tha^^are^^.«nj8fof 
the  car.  You  have  to  father  nany  things , to 
he  burdened  with  this  one,  and  as  your  fame  rest^nj^^ation 
of  the  real  merit  of  having  done  things,  you  can  adf«to  that  (lready 
great  name  the  merit  of  generosity,  and  ane  tirae  keep  p8°pl° 

talking  about  the  cor.  V’’-^ 

If  you  could  write  me  a  letter  like  the  enclosed  which  I  could 
have  published  it  would  help  I  think  very  materially  in  selling  cars. 
Xf  you  see  no  objection  to  writing  this  letter,  kindly  write  it  in 
your  own  handwriting  and  mail  it  to  mo,  making  of  course  any  changes 
which  you  think  should  be  made. 

Yours  truly,  _ 

/  'v^7  a 




Jan.  3,  1911. 

Hr.  R.  H.  Beach, 

50  Church  Stroot, 


Dear  Mr.  Boach: 

I  oav;  in  the  Evening  Telegram  of  January  2nd  a  statement  that  I 
am  the  inventor  of  the  storage  battery  car.  In  order  that  the  erro¬ 
neous  impression  may  be  corrected,  and  to  give  honor  to  whom  it  is  duo 
1  desire  to  say  that  I  am  the  inventor  of  the  storage  battery  that 
boars  my  name,  also  that  you  aro  the  inventor  of  the  street  car  that 
is  driven  successfully  when  equipped  with  this  battery;  that  when 
you,  at  my  request,  undertook  the  improvement  in  the  methods  of  car 
construction  it  was  not  possible,  commercially,  to  drive  a  street  car 
with  a  storage  battery.  By  reason  of  the  careful  and  intelligent 
work  you  have  done,  the  structure  of  the  car  has  been  so  improved  by 
you  as  to  not  only  permit  the  battery  to  drive  it,  but  to  make  this 
method  of  driving  cars  the  most  economical  one  known. 

Yours  truly, 

EuiMOX  Stohaoe  IlMTKinrCo. 


MSCormlck  Building  •  193  Michigan  Avenue 

CnlCMiO  Telephone  ^ 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

January  23,  1911. 

t  (■  u!*“ 

Y  J 

Orange,  New  Jersey.)  M*'  •  . 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison:  - - “ 

On  DecemberA27th,  lSo.0,  w^^?o^egou7™| 

enclosing  copy  of  our  lett&r  ofsanTe  datetoHr.Beao^  ^ 
oalling  attention  to  our  changed  relationship  toward  S 
Mr.  Beach  and  his  car.  We  do  not  seem  to  be  able  to 
find  any  basis  upon  which  we  can  do  business  with  Mr.  J 

Beach  at  a  profit,  and  we  certainly  oannot  attempt  / 

it  upon  anyPother  basis.  On  January  4th,  before  you  / 
had  time  to  make  a  formal  reply  to  our  letter  of  Deo-  I 

ember  27th,  we  oalled  upon  you  personally  and  talked  V 

with  you  concerning  the  matter  of  starting  in  the  bus! 
ness  of  manufacturing  and  Belling  storage  battery  oars, 
upon  an  independent  basis.  You  will  doubtless  recall 
the  assurance  you  gave  us  at  that  time,  by  which  we 
were  enoouraged  to  consider  the  matter  BeriouBly. 

We  have  Just  received  from  Mr.  Beach 
some  correspondence  dated  January  19th,  copy  enclosed, 
from  which  you  will  make  note  of  the  very  limited  way 
in  which  he  proposes  to  handle  the  proposition.  We 
had  been  assured  that  Mr.  Beach  was  prepared  to  handle 
it  in  a  large  way,  but  it  seems  not.  Our  eastern 
friends  in  the  railway  field  are  now  telling  us  that 
Mr.  Beach  has  lost,  or  is  fast  losing,his  golden  opportun¬ 
ity.  They  say  that  some  months  ago  he  had  the  opportun¬ 
ity  of  a  life  time  to  introduce  the  storage  battery  cars, 
but  had  let  the  opportunity  slip  by.  You  may  determine 
in  your  own  way  whether  it  is  well  founded. 

In  his  letter  of  the  19th  instant,  Mr. 

Beach  says,  "We  do  not  want  to  send  any  demonstration 
cars  anywhere.  We  have  three  cars  out  now  on  demonstra¬ 
tion  and  that  is  enough".  We  assume  that  the  three 
cars  referred  to  are  the  ones  placed  on  the  New  York 
Orosstown,' the  Washington,  Spa  Springs  &  Gretta,  and 
the  West  Orange  Branch  of  the  Erie  Road.  If  there  are 
any  others,  we  do  not  know  of  them. 

T  A  E  -2- 

Coneerninr  the  New  York  and  Washington 
,  °  =?e  informed  they  have  both  been  taken 

-Hs&rwrs/s:  jars  sfsr- 


We  have  a  great  deal  of  prospective  business 

auves£S  i”  «sf»s«= 

?o  plac4  «  order  for  five  cars  and  Mr.  Beach  is  dodging 

Positively,  we  will  not  purohase  demonBtra- 
. .4__  f’v.nm  ur  Roach's  Company*  and  assume  the  adai- 

tional°burden  of  his  failures  to  Sake  sudcessful  demonstra¬ 
tions  in  the  East.  We  are,  however,  prepared  to  build 

tsirssrsssrJ! r 
aesvsis  s*r.»;.;r?f«rEs°.:»dstow. 

We  propose  to  become  associated  with  a 
prominent  car  building  establishment  in  the  manufacture^ 
and  sale  of  very  light  cars.  To  be  able  to  conolude  our 
arrangement  sudoeesfully,  we  need  your  assurance  that  »e 
may  have  the  regular  manufacturers  discount,  twenty  per 
cent,  on  your  bltteries.  If  you  are  now  prepared  to  con¬ 
clude  with  us  such  an  arrangement,  and  give  us^hesame 
consideration  and  protection  you  have  given  and  are  still 
giving  to  Mr.  Beach  and  his  associates,  we  are  prepared  to 
lo  ahead.  We  do  not  wish  to  intervene  between  you  and  Mr. 
Beaoh  in  any  arrangement  you  may  have  made  with  him. 

We  also  wish  to  be  understood  that  we  do 
not  desire  to  do  anything  to  injure  Mr.  Beaoh  and  his 
associates  in  recovering  the  money  which  they  have  already 
invested.  On  the  contrary,  it  is  our  purpose  to  give 

T  A  E  -3- 

them  all  the  assistance  in  <  a„ovlT  „ 

they  have  already  huilt.  We  have  also  spent  axot, 
of  money  which  we  would  like  to  get  hack  from  the  sale 
of  these  oars.  Evidently,  they  do  not  intend  to  ex¬ 
tend  their  investment  unless  they  sell  the  cars  on 
hand,  and  even  then  will  only  proceed  in  a  very  limited 
way.  It  now  looks  as  if  it  might  he  some  time  bef0£e 
thav  are  able  to  secure  any  hona-fide  orders.  In  the 
meantime,  wecannot  afford  to  remain  idle,  and  you  can- 
Sotafford  to  limit  the  sale  of  your  batteries  by  re¬ 
stricting  their  use  to  cars  which  no-one  seems  willing 
to  huv.  If  the  oars  were  being  successfully  demonstrat¬ 
ed  and  sold  in  large  numbers,  the.  situation  would  be 
quite  different. 

We  therefore  place  the  matter  in  your 
hands,  and  ask  for  a  reply  at  your  early  convenience. 

Yours  very  sincerely, 



January  3,  1911.  - 

Mr.R.  H.  Beach, 

Ptea. ,  Federal  Storage  Battery  Co.,  -  ■ 

50  Church  St.,  New  Yprk. 

Dear  Sirs 

Referring  to  Mr.  Wheatly's  letter  of  the  29th  mat. 

I  acknowledge  receipt  of  check  for  $329.00,  and  tender  an  apology 
for  the  oversight  in  not-  acknowledging  before. 

Aa  to  Mr.  Beach's  letter  of  the  15th  inst. ,  relative  to 
details,  of ~bap,  have  refrained  from,  answering  until  Ur.  Lichter 
oould  be  consulted  on  some  of  the  points. 

It  is  our  present  plan  to  figure  on  the  construction 
of  five  passenger  oars  for  the  first  order.  In  the  partition 
'dividing. the  smoking  compartment  from  the  balance  of  the  car,  a  door 
will  be  necessary,  and  we  very  much. prefer  a  sliding  door  to  a  swing¬ 
ing  one,  as  experience  has  shown  that  the  swinging  door  is  not  only 
very  inconvenient,  but  delays  the  loading  and  unloading  of  passengers; 

It  is  almost  imperative  that  we  provide  some  cross  seats, 
with  reversible  backs,  in  the  main  portionb  of  the  car  to  provide 
for  passengers  taking  the  long  rides.  This,  we  understand  from  Mr. 
Lichter, will  require  some  change  in  your  general  plan  of  oar  construc¬ 
tion,  as  well  as  arrangement  of  batteries.  Can  not  the  inner  trusses 
of  your, oar  be.  planned  to  lay  below  the  floor  of  the  oar  where  the  side 
seats  are  arranged  something  on  the  line  of  pencil  sketch  attached?. 

If  so,  why  not  arrange  to  carry  a  portion  of  the  batteries  in  box 
'  arrangement  under  the' center  of  the  oar  and  thereby,  increase  the 
■  number  of -batteries  and  by  so ' doing  inorease  the  oars'  efficiency? 


We  i.  nothing  t.  pww*  «»  w  l9rt- 

.1,  i*.  sttsri  saasaag^  “*  n0  4“'rt  *“* 

rill-„.l.t  ..teri.lly  1»  «.  a..lg»  of  the  ~r  «d  ***** 

the  heating  arrangements. 

'  There  is  no  doubt  about  the  correctness  of  .your  statement, 
that  a  car  with  wide  seats  wi-11  provide  more  standing  room, 
and  that  is  all  very  wellfor  short  runs,  but  we  must  provide 
some  comfort  for  those  making,  the  longer  rides. 

’  Mr.  Lichter  is  very  much  opposed  to  chain  gear  and  urges 
strongly  that  spur  gearing  be  used,  and  for  that  reason  will  - 
ask  you  to  figure  on  this  gear  for  our  oars.  He  does  not  insist 
on  the  General  Electric  Controller,  and  if  you  have  one  that, 
you  are  prepared  to.  vouch  for  as  being  better  than  the  General 

Electric,  you  are  welcome  to  use  it. 

•  The  question  of  operating  with  two  main  controller,  or 
'  one  main  mi  two  —ter  oootroll.r.  1«  «P  «  *»  «  *"“• 
you  think  best. 

The  Cooper  Heater  is  agreeable  to  us,  as  is  also  the 

Klaxon  Whistle. 

When  we  first  took  up  this  matter,  our  Chief  Engineer, 
Mr.  Brown  forwarded  a  complete  map  and  profile  of  our  line, 
end  also  gave .you  full  information  as  to  stops,  etc.,  so  you 
.  will  no  doubt  find  all  the  information  of  this  character  you 
Sesire.  in  your  files.  If  they  have  become,  mislaid,  kindly 

advise  and  we  will  replace  them.. 

-  Yours  truly, 

.  ■  (E.  H.  Conrades) 

,•  '  .  President. 


Jan.  12,  1911. 

East  St.  Louis,  Columbia  &  Waterloo  Ry., 

Mr/ Edwin  H.  Oonrades.  Preet.., 

Room  610  Merchants  Laolede  Bldg.. 


Dear  Sirs 

your  esteemed  favor  of  January  3rd  was  duly  received. 

'  Mr.  Wheatly  came  to  New  York  the  day  after  the  receipt  of  your 
letter,  and  returned  to /Chicago  the  following  day;  While  he  was 
here  I  promised  him  to  come  To  St.  Louis  to  tahe  up  personally 
with' you  the  matter  of  budding  the  cars  you  desire,  and  to  make 
such  modifications  in'  our  design  as  will  meet  with  your  approval. 

!  find,  however,  owing“to  deferred  appointments  with  some  of  the 
engineers  of  the  Public  Service.  Commission  here,  that  I  cannot  get 
away  as  expected.  I  can  call  on  you  during  the  coming  week,  but 
it  has  occurred  to  me  that  if  you  Can  spare  the  time  to  come  here 
-  it  would  be  much  better  for  you.  My  reason  for  suggesting  this  is: 

you  are  seriously  considering  the  use  of  these  cars,  this  mean's  - 
'  the  expenditure  by  you  of  a  very  large  sum  of  money,  not  only  in 
the  cars,  and  it  is  important  to  you  not  to  make  any  mistakes  in 
'  anything,  and  as  this  method  of  car  propulsion  is  now,  it  behooves 
you,  as  well  as  us,  to  be  especially  careful  in  venturing  into  un¬ 
known  fields. 

Very  naturally,  we  are  ahxious  to  sell  you  the  oars,  but 
we  do  not  want  to  sell  you  a  car  that  we  have  the  least  'doubt  -ill 

not  meet  your  approval  fully.  Now,  you  have  a  report  from  your  . 


engineer,  Mr.  Llohter,  .hlch  »  «  *■  **"*“••  “ 

„.r.  Mr.  Lloht.r  1.  to  toneit,  ~r.oler.tlou.  ««,  end  ha.  told 

you  .tot  to  real,  believe,  there  ere,  tower,  •»,  thing, 
to  be  ooneldered  by  you  .blob  Mr.  Lloht.r  to.  tot  touched  »p.», 

.hich  ..  ought  to  go  over  very  ..refull,  before  you  de.ld.  .heth.r 
you  .111  or  .111  tot  adopt  thl.  toth.d  of  on  your  red, 
and  these  things  you  oan  best  go  over  here. ' 

I  feel  that  the  above . remarks  are  of  peculiar  force  at 
this  time,  because  thiB  method  of  car  construction  is  new  and  for 
that  reason  should,  by  a  prudent  man  which  you  no  doubt. are,  be 
more  carefully  considered  than  would  be  necessary  in  an  older  form 
of  the  art,  therefore,  if  it. is  possible  for  you  to  come  here  for 
a  few  days,  two  will  do  here,  I  think  you  would  be  better  pleased 
in  the  end  than  you  could  possibly  be  by  .my  coming  there.  If  it 
is  a  question  of  expense,  we  will  pay  that. 

in  regard  to  the  changes  in  the  design  you  want,  we  can 
better  take  that  up  when  we  meet,  but  it  is  not  out  of  place  for 
.ay  that  ,.  can  rttoi-b  a  oar  body  .«h  part  croe.  tod 
part  longitudinal  ...t.  If  deemed,  It  .111  of  n.o.e.lty  be  .one- 
.tot  heavier  then  a  car  nth  all  longitudinal  eeate.  In  of 

erne.  arr.nge.ent  ..  «u.t  place  ell  under  the  ear. 
».  do  thle,  but  ..  try  to  bold  i.  the  plan  ot  placing  all 
batterle.  under  the  eeate,  .hich  nec.e.ltat..  longitudinal  ..ate, 
been.,  by  thl.  arrange...!  ..  get  the  beet  pbe.lhl.  dl.trlbutlon 
of  .eight,  the  leant  po'.elbl.  .eight  tod  the  led  ooet.  If, 
however,  you  prefer  the  other  arrtogen.nt  ..  1U  build  the  Oto. 
as  you  desire.  On  all  other  essential  points,  I  think  we  are  • 


ESTLO&W  -3- 

agreed,  except  as  to  the  use  of  the  chain  drive. 

I  noti  that  you  say  that  Mr.  Liohfer  prefers  a  spur  gear 
drive.  I  have  respect  for  Mr.  Llchter's  opinion  and  will  gladly 
yield  to  his  "desire  in  this  respect,  hut  we  know  that  the  chain  is 
altogether  to  be  preferred)  it  is  much  more  economical  as  a  power 
transmitter,  so  much  so  in  fact  that  it  is  quite  probable  that  a 
battery  oar  oould  not  be  constructed  that  would  be  satisfactory 
with  the  gear  drive)  it  might  be  possible,  but  we  doubt  it-.  The 
life  of 'the  ohain  is  greater,  it  makes  less  noise,  is  more  simple 
to  install  and  maintain  and  more  easily  adapts  itself  to  the  use 
of  the  free  wheel,  and  its  advantages  in  coasting  are  very  much 
greater  than  1®  possible  with  the  gear.  I  am,  quite  confident 
that  if  Mr.  Liqhter  would  give  this  question  a  more  careful  study 
than  he  perhaps  has,  he  will  come  to  our  opinion.  We  will  be 
glad  to  furnish  him  information  on  the  subject  as  he  may  desire. 

She  oar  which  Mr.  Liohter  saw  while  here  is  now- in  regular 
commercial  service,  carrying  passengers,  on  the  Erie  Railroad.  If 
you  will  come  here  and  see  for  yourself  what  it  oan  do,  talk  with 
the  men  who  operate  it,  go  over  the  question  of  the  durability  of 
.  tfre  battery  personally  with  Mr..  Edison,  see  what  kind  of  people  you 
.  are  dealing  with  and  know  by  your  own-knowledge  what  has  been  accom¬ 
plished  in  this  very  difficult  art,.  I  believe  that  you  will  adopt 
this  method,  but.  we  do  not. want  you  to  adopt  it  unless  you  really 
.-believe  that  it'  is  the  right  thing  for  you.  It  truly  is  the  best, 
but  in  order  that,  we  may  make  a  success  of  your  work  we  must  have 
your  whole-hearted  cooperation. 



if  you  decide  upon  receipt  of  this  letter  to 
oome  here  during. the  coming  wee*,  hindly  telegram  at  our 
expense,  and  if  you  cannot  do  eo,  I  will  be  8lad  to  oome 
to  St.  Louis  and  go  oyer  the  matter  with  you. 

Yours  truly , 

federal  storage  battery  car  company 

R.H.  Beach, 




January  16,  1911. 

'  '^esidentfpedoral  Storage  Battery  Oar  Co., 
50  Church  St.,  New  York. 

Dear  Sirs  • 

Your  favor  of.  the  12th  instant  has  been  read'  with 

much  interest. 

■  You  n  correct  in  WM  that  1  “  con.erv.tlve,  end 
'  especially  -tor  a  nee  propo.ltlon  11*.  youre.  Furtner- 
„„re,  I  am  free  to  .ay,' that  I  too.  Uttle  .bout  ..olumloal  »<*«■ 
to  general  tod  1...  .cent  electricity.  It  ...  due  to  the.e  oon- 
eideratione  that  Mr.  Llchter  ...  ..nt  to  se»  Yorh,  tod  toeing  hi. 

to  he  or  ad.old.aiy  oon.erv.tly.  te.perto.nt,  hi.  report  ha.  given 
..  oon.ider.hle  oonfldtoc.  in  the  .torage  hatter,,  hnt  at  the  —e 
tl.e  it  ha.  impressed  ..  with  the  heller  that  there  are  defect,  in 
,oto  oar  When  considered  in  connection  eith  onr  enterprloe. 

For  ...  to  cone  to  Sew  York  to  dl.ouse  the.e  detail,  with 
you  would  be,  a  ea.te  of  tl.e  tod  .on.y,  a.  I  .u.t  rely  on 
Mr.  Llchter,  or  a  .to  of  hi.  character,  in  who.  I  have  confidence, 
Cor  advioe  and  guidanoe  in  .this  matter. 

The  original  proposition  made,  hy  Mr.  Wheatly,  to  send 
on.  eeoh  of  the  large  tod  ...11  care' out  here  for  .orWng  out  on 



Mr.  Haines  lines  still  appeals  to  me  as  the  most  sensible  pro¬ 
position,  and  I  am  particularly  disappointed  as  to  the  large  oar 
not  being  sent.;  I  never  gave  the  small  oar  serious  consideration, 
more  than  as  a  contrivance  to  demonstrate  the  working  of  the  battery, 
I  know  that  Mr.  Haines  feels  the  same  way,  and  have  no  doubt  there 
are  many  others  who  would  avail  themselves  of  the  opportunity  to 
study  your  oar  if  one  was  sent  into  this  territory. 

I  realize  that  the  introduction  of  your  car,  when  once 
established  as  being  thoroughly  practical,  means  a  revolution 
in  city  and  suburban  transportation,  and  like  all  new  innovations 
will  no  doubt  meet  with  r.adical  improvements  to  such  an  extent  that 
the  cars. you  have  now  constructed  will  be  out  of  date  in  the  near 
future.  In  fact,  if  I  had  the  road  built  and  equipped  for  trolley 
oars,  my  policy  -would  be  to  sit  back  and  let  "the  other  fellow" 
do  the  experimenting. 

For  reasons  previously  stated,  it  is  UBeleBS  for  me  to 
disouss  the  mechani oal  details  with  you,  and  wish  to  assure  you 
that  I  am  not  disposed  to  be  stubborn,  further  than  to  follow  the 
advice  of  those  in  whom  I  have  confidence. 

The  question  of  having  some  orosB  seatB  in  the  oar  is 
due  to  the  belief  that  for  long  distance  riding,  it 'is  imperative  to 
have  them  or  drive  away  business.  If  you  would  send  a  oar  out 
here  this  objection  might  be  found  groundless. 

Yours  truly, 

(E.  H.  Oonrados, ) 

President . 


Jan.  19,  1911. 

Mr.  Edw.  H.  Oonrades, 

PreBt.E. St. Louis,  Col.  Waterloo  R«R. , 
St.  Louis,  Mo. 

Your  favor  of  -the  16th  reoeived  this  morning 
l  the  contents  have  -been  oarefully  noted. 

I  judge  from  your  letter  that  what  you  want  at 
this  'moment  is  a  oar  operated  over  your  road 'or  Mr.  Haynes  road 
in  order  that  you  may  study  its  °P®ra^°n,t“d®^ 
conditions  as  they  exist  there.  We  did  intend 
sintrle  truok  oar  to  Mr.  Haynes  as  a  sample,  hut  after  more 
mature  deliveration  and  consideration  we  decided  not  to  do 
soforthilreasom  a  storage  battery  car  cannot  he  operated 
continuously  for  18  hourB  of  the  day.  It  is  not  commercially 
possible  "to  place  sufficient  battery  in  the  oar  to  keep  the 
oar  moving  constantly  duping  this  long  period  of  time. 

Who  only  prooess  we  know  of  to  handle  a  battery 
car  successfully  is  to  charge  the  car  at  intervals  of  every 
30  minutes  to  six  hours,  according  to  the  Bpeed  and  track 
conditions.0  ?he  duration  of  the  charge  of  course  will  vary. 
Supposing' for  example  we  should  send  you  one _ oar,  and  that, 
theoar  is  equipped  with  batteries  to  drive  it  100  miles  on 
single  oharge,  and  assuming  the  schedule  speed  of  this  oar 
would  be  20  miles  per  hour}  manifestly  the  battery  would  be 
exhausted' in  five  hours,.  Supposing  you  started  the  oar  at 
6  A.M. .  it  would  be  out  of  ourrent  at  11 -oolook  in  the  morning, 
the-  oar  would  be  standing  in  the  -barn  out  of  service,  and  as 
the  battery  would  be  completely  exhausted,  or  nearly  bo,  the 
oar  would  have  to  stand  for  seven  hours.  The  result  ia  that 
you  would  only  get  four  or  five  hours  servioe  out  of  the  oars, 
from  6  till  11  o'olook  in  the  morning,  or  only  during  day-light, 
hours..  Row  on  the  other  hand  if  you  had  five  oars,  you  could 
so  arrange  your  schedules  as  to  keep  four  of  the  oars  constant¬ 
ly  moving.  This  you  would  be  able  to  do  by  alternating  the 
oars  somewhat  after  the  following  fashion: 

Supposing  you  start  out  at  six  oolook  in  the  morning 
with  five  oars,  and  run  all  of  them  we  will  say  for  two  hours 
which  would  enable  you  to  handle  your  morning  rush_hour  busi¬ 
ness".  At  the  end  of  two  hourB  oommonoe  to  give  the  oars  30 
mirvii+A  ahareoe.  as  they  pass  the  bam  or  some  given. point  on 
your^line^llternating^the  cars  taken  out  of  service  for  charg- 
«  thl|  polnt.  By  thd  •  time  your  afternoon 


i  they  r 


"rush  hours"  oome  in  the  afternoon,  all  of  the  oars  would  he 
weiil  auorilied  with  current,  when  you  would  again  continue  all 
of  the  oars  for  another  two  hours,  and  after  that  you  could 
continue  the  process  of  giving  them  the  short  thirty  minute 

From  the  above  I  think  it  will  be  dear  to  you 
that  with  one  oar  in  demonstration  under  ordinary  street  rail¬ 
way  conditions,  even  though  the  oar  might  be  a  good  oar  and 
in  perfeot -operating  condition,  it  would  °“*y:*e 
to  operate  it  four  hours  at  a  time  during  daylight  hours, 
and  that  it  would  be  satisfactory  to  you  or  a  fair  example 
of  what  you  would  be  able  to  accomplish  with  a  number  of 
such  oars  handling  your  service. 

It  appears  very  clear-  then  that  you  must  regard 
this  entire  battery  oar  question  as  a  system,  and  aB  such 
the  excellent  advantages  it  involves  over  any  other  known 
system,  oan  only  be  obtained  by  having  a  number  of  oars, 
and  a  proper  opinion  oannot  be  secured  by  operating  only  one 

Now  if  you  would  like  to  have  one  or  five  oars, 
we  will  build  you  either  one  .  or  five  oars  upon  specifications 
and  service  requirements  which  we  will  agree  upon  beforehand 
with  your  Mr.  Liohter  or  any  one  else  that  you  may  appoint 
for  such  a  purpose.  You  approve  the  specifications  and  order. 
We  will  deliver  you,  eiher  one  or  five  oars,  or  as  many  as 
you  require,  in  accordance  with  the  specifications,  ana  if 
the  oar  or  oars  perform  according  to  the  conditions  and  sped- 
fioations' previously . agreed  upon,  then  you  are  to  pay  for  them, 
and  if  they  do  not  perform  according  to  specifications,  then 
you  are  not  obligated  to  pay  for  them.  To  us  there  is  no 
risk  whatever,  in  such  an  arrangement,  because  we  know  what 
the  oars  will  do.  We  do  not  want  any  of  your  money  until 
the  oars  perform  satisfactorily. 

If  you  regard  the.  above  proposition  favorably  and 
as  a  fair  offer,  kindly  have  Mr.  Liohter  advised  so  that  he 
will  take  up  with  us  the  details  of  the  specifications.  We 
will  oooperate  with.  him.  and  meet  his  views  Just  as  far  as  we 
oan,  and  I  believe  we  oan  substantially  meet  them.  Your  road 
is  not  a  diffioult  one' to  operate  over,  exoept  at  one  point, 
and  that  is  at  the  Bridge.  Here  the  grade  is  a  bad  one,  and 
it  will  have  the  effeot  of  reduoing  the  speed  of  the  oar  from 
about  25  to  about  10  mileB  per  hour,  hut  only  on  the  grade; 
at  all  other  points  you  will  be  able  to  make  25  miles  an  hour. 


EHO  -3- 

T  think  I  oan  appreciate  how  you  feel  about  this!rr& HsKfa1 ' 

...  urin  flo'all  we  oan  to  improve  these  oars.  iou 
not  forget,  however,  that  I  experimented  for  three  years  be- 

-ss&raysfs  & 

public*  “d  at  ou^own  expense.  So  it  has  been  also  with  Mr. 
Edison  in  perfecting  the  batteries. 

Very  likely,  however,  as  time  goes  on  and  we  have 
a  larger  experience  in  this  type  of.  construction  we  will  find 
ways  and  means  of  improving  the  entire  structure,  t™t_  I  think 
you  will  admit,  as  Mr.  Lichter  has  already  said  Jri  substance, 
that  it  is  a  fact  that  this  system,  as  we  have  at  presept 
^ovfiloDQd  it*,  is  a  great  improvement  over  all  other  known 
method^of  oar  propulsion.  P  Of  this  there  is  ho  manner  of 

The'  oar  that  we  have  on' the  Erie  H.R.  is+^nE«- 
no1  •%  nnt  worv  Tt  is  running  in  con junetion  with  Bteam  loco 
motives  oHhe  regulaT?ubiiBhed  time  tables  of  the  road,  and 
it  maintains  the  schedule  better  than_the  steam  trains  have  . 

'  been  able  to  do.  The  railroad  officials  are  all  highly  +  _ ___ 
pleased  with  the  oar,-,  a  faot  which  you  may  oonfirm  by  writing 
to  those  officials. 

I  know  of- nothing  more  that  we  oan  say  to  you,  ex- 
oept  that_we  are  anxious  to  serve  you  and  will  do  all  that  we 
oan  to  meet  your  requirements  to  our  best  ability. 

Yours  very  truly. 



0  OiP  Y. 

Jan.  19,  1911. 

Mr.  W.  W.  Wheatly, . 

Agent,  Chioago.  . 

My  dear  Wheatly: 

I  have  your  favor  of  the  12th  about  Oonradea, 
and  have  also  reoeived  his  letter'  of  the  16th,  copy  of  which  he 
sent  you,  and  whioh’.vwas  in  reply  to  mine  of  the  12th  to  him.  I 
fully  intended  to  go  to  St.  Louie,  but  when  I  found  that  I  could 
not. go,  X  wrote  Mr.  Oonradea  with  a  view  of  induoing  him  to  oome 
here.  You  will  observe  from  hie  letter  of  the  16th  that  tpe 
question  is  left  still  in  an  uncertain  state. 

I  would  be  glad  to  go  to  Oonradea  or  to  anybody  else’ 
arid  do  all  I  oould  to  induce  the  purchase  of  oars,  but  I  cannot 
convince  myself  that  my  presenoe.  in  St. Louie  would  in  itself  _ 
result  in  selling  Mr.  Oonrades  any  oars.  If  I  thought  it  would, 

X  would  go  there  at  onoe. 

I  am  writing  Mr.  Oonrades  as  per  the  enclosed  copy, 
whioh  seems  to  be  about  the  only  thing  we  oan  do.  We  do  not  want 
to  send  any  demonstration  cars  anywhere.  We  have  three  oars  out 
now  on  demonstration  and  that  is  enough.  They  are  all  doing  good 
work,  and  ought  to  be  sufficient  for  the  present.  As  I  have  re¬ 
peatedly  said  to  you:  a  man  who  seriously  wants  to  bpy„  cars  will 
oome  to  this  part  of  the  oountry  to  see  them.  At  any  rate  that 
is  the;  way  it  seems  to  me. 

There  is  a  phase  of  this  demonstration  oar  matter  that 
I  fear  has  not  appealed  to  you,  or  at  leaBt  that  you  do  not  under¬ 
stand.  Supposing  that .we  put  the  big  oars  on  Mr.  Oonrades  road; 
that  is  only  one  oar.  This  oar  will  travel  about  100  mileB  per 
battery  -oharge .  Now  supposing  that  oar  starts  out  in  the  morning 
at  6  oclook,  on  a  sohedule  of  20  m.p.h.  At  11  oolock  the  battery 
is  exhausted  and  the  batteiyhaB  to  be  put  on  oharge  and  remain  in 
the  barn  until  it  is  fully  charged  again,  whiohv  would  require 
7  hours  out  of  service.  In  other  words  the  most  you  oould  get 
out  of  the  oar,  during  daylight  hours,  would  be  about  four  hours 
per  day,  a  condition  whioh  you  will  admit  would  be  very  adverse  to 
a  praotioal  and  suooessful  demonstration  of  the  oar  before  prospect¬ 
ive  customers.  '  Now,  if  on  the  other  hand,  we  sent  Oonrades  five 
oars,  and  he  could  alternate  the  oarB  in  giving  the  batteries  thirty 
minute  charges,  he  oould  readily  keep  four  oars  in  oonBtant  servioe, 
or  five  oars  in  servioe  during  rush  hours,  and  four,  oars  during 
off  hours.  '  ' 


Donl't  you  aee  from  this. how  foolish  it  is  to 
attempt  to  demonstrate  the  desirability  of  this  method  of 
oar  propul a ion  with  only  one  oar?  Now  in  the  steam  rail¬ 
road  aervioe  oonditiona  are  quite  different.  So  far  as  I 
know  etoam  railroad  trdna  operate  on  a  schedule  which  re¬ 
quire  a  lay  over  usually  at  the  end  of  the  run  or  elsewhere 
on  the  line.  In  such  service  a  demonstration  oar  has  every 
advantage  and  facility  in  aervioe  aa  ifanumherofcara 
were  in  operation,  because  at  these  periods  of  waiting, 
which  are  in  oommon  practice  in  any  event  on  the  steam 
roada,  the  lay  over  may  be  taken  advantage  of  and  the  batter¬ 
ies  charged  for  short  periods.  If  you  hav®  not  already  under- 
stood  this  you  will  see  front he  above  our  position.  If  there 
was  no  other- reason  than  that  given  above,  it  would  be  suffi¬ 
cient  to  warrant  our  deoision  not  to  send  any  street-  railway 
oompany  a  demonstration  car.  , 

We  have  Just  completed  our  test  of  the  oar  in 
Washington.  This  road  is  all  grades,  running  as  high  as  7$S. 
This  oar  with  113  cells  of  a/6  battery,  operating  only  on 
grades,  makes  64miles  per  single  normal  charge  of  the  bat¬ 
tery.  It  operates  on  a  schedule  speed  of  16  miles  per  hour, 
and  as  explained  makes  the  64  miles  in  four  hours.  We  think 
this  is  spiendid  results,  but  the  railroad  people  do. not 
think  bo.  They  want  ithei  oar  to  remain  out  all  day.  This  is 
impassible  with  one  oar  at  least.  We  have  shown  them  how  with 
two  oars,  both  in-servloe  during  morning  and  evening  ruBh  hours 
they  oan  maintain  their  sohedule,  whereas  with  only  one 
oar' they  can  only  keep  it  in  servioe  four  hours  during  daylight 

Yours  very  truly, 

R.  H.  Beach, 



)  ;  \  / 

/Lv^^  a^'-'-'t- 
%c' 4i 4 

/&-/tCl~v  r-n.  — 


X  am  sending  you  herewith  the  original  letter  from  the  Vioe 
Chairman  of  the  Board  of  Control  of  Toronto.  The  engineers  of 
this  city  have  been  here, met  you,  gone  through,  the  battery  plant, 
ridden  on  the  oar,  saw  the  details  of  how  we  make  the  oars,  and  as 
far  as  I  can  see  have  expressed  their  entire  approval,  and  if  no 
strong  influence  iB  brought  to  bear  upon  them,!  think  they  will  de¬ 
cide  to  use  these  cars.  Of  course  all  kinds  of  influence  will  be 
brought  to  bear  upon\this  Board  of  Control  and  the  other  city  author¬ 
ities  and  these  engineers  to  induce  them  not  to  use  the  battery  car. 
Perhaps  you  have  not  thought  of  it,  but  it  would  be  a  very  serious 
thing  for  all  of  the  trolley  cars  in  Canada  to  have  this  large  and 
important  city  adopt  this  method  of  operation.  You  and  I  know 
that  this  is  the  modern,  scientific  and  economical  way  to  do  it, 
hut  unfortunately  for  us  we  are  butting  into  an  old  established  bus¬ 
iness,  and  must  expect  resistance  from  every  source  to  every  advance 
we  make,  therefore  we  should  when  an  opportunity  of  this  kind  offers 
itself  bring  to  bear  the  best  efforts  we  are  capable  of  to  induce 
the  people  to  use  these  cars,  or  in  general  to  adopt  this  method. 

The  best  thing  that  I  know  of  at  present  that  can  be  done  is 
for  you  to  write  a  letter  to  the  Board  of  Control  like  the  copy  I 
enclose  you.  You  will  notice  that  I  have  suggested  that  they,  if 

TAE  __  2 

they  desire,  engage  as  their  consulting  engineers  the  firm  of  Vfest- 
inghouse,  Church,  Kerr  &  Co.  of  lliis  City.  Uy  reason  for  making 
this  suggestion  iB  that  this  firm  have  made  a  study  of  these  cars 
and  the  battery  and  honestly  believe  in  them  and  will  recommend  them 
for  uso  in  Toronto.  I  have  this  morning  communicated  with  one  of 
the  offioials  of  the  Company,  personally,  and  he  tells  me  that  if 
they  are  engaged  by  the  City  of  Toronto  in  an  advisory  way  that  they 
will  recommend  these  carB,  that  they  do  not  do  that  out  of  any  regard 
for  us,  but  from  an  honest  belief  that  they  are  the  best  thing  that 
can  bo  used.  I  can  see  some  advantages  in  having  this  firm  suggest¬ 
ed  to  the  City  of  Toronto,  because  they  are  in  no  way  allied  with  us. 
Their  alliance  whatever  it  may  be  in  other  respeots  is  distinctly 
with  that  of  the  Westinghouso  Electric  Manufacturing  Co. ,  a  ooncern 
that  manufactures  apparatus  for  use  with  the  trolley.  Thpy  are  a 
large  concern  of  excellent  standing.  They  did  all  of  the  electri¬ 
cal  engineering  work  for  the  great  Pennsylvania  Terminal  in  this  City, 
a  fact  which  makes  them  worthy  of  respect  by  any  city  in  the  world. 

I  make  this  suggestion  because  on  page  three  of  Mr.  Spence's 
letter  he  says  "Who  are  competent  men  who  will  give  unprejudiced 
information  and  advice?" 

If  you  can  see  your  way  clear  to  write  the  letter  more  or  less 
as  I  have  written  it  it  will  be  the  next  step  towards  securing  the 

I  have  arranged  to  go  to  Montreal  and  spend  there  sufficient 
time  in  which  to  assist  them  to  arrive  at  a  conclusion  as  to  the 
various  details  of  a  particular  type  and  Bize  of  oar  to  meet  their 
requirements, but  the  most  important  thing  just  at  this  moment  is  to 
convince  them  that  this  is  the  real  thing  beyond  a  doubt*  and  that 
you  can  do  better  than  anybody  else.  Yours  trulg^^^  ^ 





Any  descriptive  aitislos,  ■  dosuaants,  pi*o3?octu3  or  otl'iai*.  inf Donation 
relatin'*  to  the  Kdison  Storage  3attory  and  its  adaptation  to  a  street 
railway  sy3ten  will  bo  much  appreciated^ as  v/oll  as  any  other  information 
you  fool  free  to  send  ns  sn  linos  above  mentioned. 

nuoh  respect,-  I  an, 

Sours  3ir.seroly, 



Llr.  F.  L.  Spence, 

Vice  Chairman 
Board  of  Control, 


Dear  Sir: 

Your  esteemed  favor  of  February  2nd  is  before  me.  I  did  not 
reply  to  this  immediately  upon  receipt  of  it  because  I  had  under¬ 
stood  that  your  engineers,  Messrs.  Rust  and  Aiken,  were  to  visit 
our  works,  and  it  ocoured  to  me  that  it  would  be  better  to  await 
their  arrival  before  replying. 

I  can  appreciate  how  you  feel  about  recommending  to  your  people 
the  use  of  cars  driven  with  storage  batteries,  especially  as  the  use 
of  the  storage  battery  for  driving-  street  cars  is  new-  Permit  me 
to  call  your  attention  to  the  fact  that  while  the  specific  application 
of  storage  batteries  to  this  particular  service  is  new,  yet  the  sev¬ 
eral  details  of  the  car  and  battery  and  their  uses  are  by  no  means 
n0W.  The  battery  has  been  in  successful  and  very  extensive  use  for 
six  years  under  such  diversified  conditions  as  to  leave  no  doubt  of 
its  permanent  success.  The  conditions  that  X  refer  to  are  when 
used  in  trucks,  and  these  conditions  are  usually  much  more  severe 
than  when  the  same  battery  is  used  in  a  street  car-  A  little 
thought  upon  your  part  will  make  this  clear  to  you.  The  battery 
used  in  a  truck  is  usually  concealed  within  the  body  of  the  truck 
in  a  dark  place,  usually  in  a  dirty  place,  where  it  is  not  readily 
getatable,  whereas  in  a  street  car  it  is  in  a  light  clean  place 
where  it  is  readily  getatable;  also  in  operating  trucks  they  are 
usually  in  the  hands  of  men  not  qualified  to  properly  care  for  them- 
in  street  cars  where  a  number  are  used  a  system  of  inspection  can, 
and  should  be,  installed  which  will  at  all  times  give  to  the  batte¬ 
ries  the  attention  which  they  require.  This  attention  is  small, 

FLS  —  2 

"but  nevertheless  should  bo  given;  therefore  if  the  battery  has  op- 
orated  during  the  long  period  of  time  that  it  has  under  the  adverse 
conditions  of  trucking  I  feel  that  it  is  safe  to  say  that  it  will  do 
even  better  work  in  street  car  service  under  the  conditions  you  have. 

We  have  had  experience  enough  to  warrant  us  in  giving  you  a  proper  and 
businesslike  guarantee  of  the  life  of  the  battery.  This  insures 
you  against  financial  Iosb  on  account  of  the  possible  failure  of  the 
battery  to  perform  its  work  in  your  City;  we  take  the  risk. 

As  to  the  oar  itself:  This  is  a  matter  which  any  engineer  who 

is  competent  can  judge  for  himself.  The  motor  which  drives  the  car 
is  old*  It  operates  under  conditions  the  same  as  in  the  trolley  car, 
practically,  a  slightly  changed  condition  due  to  the  battery  is  more 
favorable  for  the  motor  than  when  used  with  the  trolley.  This  is 
duo  to  the  lower  voltage  of  the  driving  current,  so  that  it  oan  safe¬ 
ly  be  said  that  if  there  is  any  change  in  the  conditions  so  far 
as  the  electrical  equipment  is  concerned,  that  is  the  motors,  the 
controllers  and  the  wiring  of  the  car,  it  is  favorable  to  the  elec¬ 
trical  equipment  rather  than  unfavorable.  It  oan  therefore  reason¬ 
ably  be  expected  that  you  will  get  a  longer  life  from  this  part  of 
your  car  structure  by  reason  of  the  battery  used  than  you  would  with 
the  trolley. 

As  to  the  balance  of  the  car:  Tho  design  has  been  very  care¬ 

fully  and  intelligently  worked  out.  The  car  body  is  made  light,  but 
not  so  light  as  to  be  fragile.  It  is  stronger  and  more  substantial 
than  bodies  have  been  made  heretofore.  The  main  feature  of  the  body 
is  the  introduction  of  a  lattice  steel  girder  which  gives  to  the  body 
great  rigidity  longitudinally,  and  permits  of  a  reduction  in  weight 
of  the  various  parts  of  the  structure,  so  that  the  total  weight  of 
the  26  ft.  carbody  is  about  3500  lbs.  as  compared  with  the  lightest 

FLS  —  3 

standard  body  made  which  is  about  6800  lbs. 

As  to  the  structure  of  the  truck,  almost  the  same  remarks  apply. 

The  truck  is  splendidly  made.  it  is  welded  instead  of  riveted.  It 

is  intelligently  designed,  and  I  believe  it  is  the  best  car  truck 
ev  or  made . 

I  am,  personally,  in  no  way  interested  in  the  manufacture  ^of^^ 
those  cars,  trucks  and  electrical  equipment,  and  I  have  no  selfish-in 
their  use  and  what  I  say  to  you  in  regard  to  them  you  may  consider  as 
an  opinion  unbiased. 

As  a  proof  of  the  excellent  economy  secured  in  the  use  of  these 
oars  I  enclose  you  a  reprint  of  a  letter  written  by  the  Genl.  Supt. 
of  the  Railroad  in  Atlantic  City,  who  tested  one  of  these  cars, which 
if  you  will  refer  to  any  of  the  engineers  in  your  locality  you  will 
see,  in  case  you  are  not  already  familiar  with  these  facts,  that  the 
operation  of  this  car  as  to  the  cost  of  current  per  car  mile  is  much 
lower  than  you  are  now  gettingd  think  I  am  safe  in  saying  one  third) 
from  any  like  car  in  your  city. 

I  have  made  some  inquiry  in  regard  to  engineers  in  this  locality 
who  know  something  about  these  cars  and  batteries,  and  I  am  told  that 
the  firm  of  Westinghouse,  Church,  Iterr  &  Co.,  New  York  City,  are  a 
reliable  firm,  that  they  have  studied  this  subject  and  are  competent 
to  advise  you.  You  may  communicate  them  in  regard  to  the  mat¬ 
ter,  and  I  believe  they  would  be  glad  to  act  as  your  consulting  ongi- 
noors • 

In  a  general  way,  you  are  safe  in  assuming  that  the  operation  of 
these  cars  on  your  proposed  road  will  be  satisfactory  to  you.  The 
oars  are  more  reliable  in  their  operation  than  the  trolley.  The 
system  is  more  flexible,  it  is  more  convenient  and  the  cars  will  move 
over  any  track  in  which  the  gauge  is  suitable. 

in  addition  to  the  above  advantages  it  happens  that  the  combined 

-FL5  —  4 

cost  of  all  of  the  elements  that  go  to  make  up  a  complete  'railway,  the 
net  result  is  very  much  cheaper  both  in  first  cost  and  in  the  cost  of 

V/e  can  refer  you  to  many  firms  who  have  used  these  batteries  and 
shall  be  glad  to  do  so  if  you  desire. 

X  have  written  the  Federal  Storage  Battery  Car  Company  to  mail  to 
you,  which  I  believe  they  have  done,  a  complete  set  of  their  publica¬ 
tions  relating  to  these  cars. 

There  i3  one  of  these  cars  in  operation  here  on  the  Watchung 
branch  of  the  Erie  Railroad,  which  is  doing  excellent  work.  It  has 
replaced  a  regular  steam  passenger  train.  Its  cost  of  operation  is 
about  15^  per  car  mile  as  against  §1.14  per  train  mile,  and  the  ser¬ 
vice  performed  for  the  15ji  is  exactly  the  same  as  that  heretofore  cost¬ 
ing  §1.14,  which  gives  you  an  idea  of  the  relative  economy. 

I  note  on  page  three  of  your  letter  that  in  regard  to  the  standard¬ 
ization  of  the  gauge  of  your  road  that  your  present  gauge  is  4'  10-7/8" . 
1  know  of  no  method  by  whioh  you  could  economically  change  the  gauge  of 
your  cars,  that  is  to  fit  the  tracks  so  constructed  as  to  permit  a 
shifting  of  the  gauge.  I  know  of  no  case  where  this  has  ever  been 
done,  and  would  not  believe  it  to  be  a  feasible  scheme.  However,  as 
X  have  never  gone  into  this  particular  phase  of  truck  construction  I 
could  not  vory  well  advise  you,  but  I  should  think  it  would  be  a  dif¬ 
ficult  and  very  unsatisfactory  arrangement.  X  see  no  reason,  however, 
why  you  should  not  build  your  road  of  the  same  gauge  as  the  balance  of 
the  roads  in  Toronto*  Your  cars  can  be  built  to  any  gauge  you  desire 
and  these  cars  will  be  able  to  operate,  provided  the  gauge  is  the  same, 
over  any  of  the  lines  in  Toronto  from  your  own  forward  or  back,  but  if 
you  install  these  cars  the  trolley  cars  will  not  be  able  to  operate 


#LS  —  5 

over-  your. line  because  you  will  have  no  trolley  wire  to  feed  them. 

I  have  requested  Ur.  Beach,  President  of  the  Federal  Storage  Bat¬ 
tery  Gar  Company,  who  manufacture  those  oars  to  write  you,  and  any  fur¬ 
ther  information  you  dosire  in  regard  to  the  matter  X  am  sure  he  will 
very  cheerfully  give  you-  I  saw  him  yesterday,  and  he  said  he  had  seen 
your  Messrs .  Rust  and  Aiken,  and  that  he  will  he  glad  to  go  to  Toronto 
to  confer  with  you  and  your  engineers  as  to  the  details  of  the  proposed 
installation,  gcnr-mwadlng-  L°  y°U  ] 

fQol^usa-bhflt  yow—ajua.  relv  upon  his  r^ymandati^^  -rerraST^ 

yours  truly. 


g  4fe* «,  /r  „  ^ , 


A  Modern  Factory 


AT  SOHO  PARK,  N.  .1. 

(The  depot  is  within  25  Yards  of  the  property  line.)  1 1 
miles  from  New  York  on  the  Greenwood  Lake  Division  of 
the  Erie  R.  R..  two  miles  from  Newark  N.  J.,  45  minutes 
from  Broadway,  New  York. 

REAL  ESTATE.  The  land  consists  of  an 
irregular  plot  containing  8M  acres,  bounded  on 
the  north  by  the  main  line  of  the  New  York  & 
Greenwood  Lake  R.  R.;  on  the  east  by  the  Company  s 
own  private  railroad  siding;  on  the  west  by  Willett 
Street,  and  on  the  south  by  the  Morris  Canal. 

The  Second  River  flows  through  the  property  ' 
furnishing  ample  water  for  the  boilers  and  manufacturing 
purposes,  and  also  developing  75  horsepower  through 
a  water  turbine.  The  land  is  all  solid  upland,  with  no 
marsh  or  soft  ground.  There  are  two  artesian  wells 
supplying  ample  pure  water. 

U1LD1NGS.  The  photograph,  plan  and  isomet¬ 
ric  perspective  give  a  fair  idea  of  the  character  of 
the  factory.  It  is  of  full  mill  construction.  The 
floors  are  5  inches  thick  (4  inch  with  a  1  inch  maple 
top).  The  floor  space  is  55,000  square  feet.  There 
is  a  stable  for  four  horses  and  an  amply  large  wagon  house. 

There  is  a  new  fire-proof  boiler  house  with  light 
industrial  railroad  and  tracks  for  handling  the  ash.  For 
coal  there  is  a  storage  capacity  of  some  thousands  of  tons 
should  it  be  desired  to  bring  in  a  reserve  stock  over  the 

There  is  plenty  of  shafting  through  the  mill. 

The  buildings  are  sprinklered  throughout  and  wired 
for  electricity. 

PLANT.  The  plant  comprises  the  following: 

A  freight  elevator— 75-horsepower  water  tur¬ 
bine — a  steam  engine  of  about  50-horsepower — 
five  good  boilers  developing  800-horsepower,  all  fitted 
with  Parsons  Automatic  Force  Draft  System— a  Rob¬ 
bins  Belt  Conveyor  from  the  new  coal  trestle  to  the 
boilers— a  small  Westinghouse  electric  generator  belted 
from  the  steam  engine,  developing  electricity  for  the 
lighting  system. 

LABOR.  There  is  plenty  of  labor  to  be  had 
locally,  and  many  attractive  workmen’s  dwellings  are 
situated  in  the  immediate  vicinity. 

EXAMINATION.  A  watchman  is  on  the 
premises,  and  the  factory  may  be  examined  at  any  time. 
Upon  application  arrangements  will  be  made  to  meet 
parties  at  the  station,  and  conduct  them  through  the 

PRICE.  For  price  and  further  information  apply 



- . .  :u:i7  iiixTcm  ===== 

ERIE  R.  R. 


ilmn  ltlvur  Tabes:— Tlimuicli  trains  leave  llromhvny  anil  mini  Street 
tatlon.  Jersey  Olty.  Ilvo  minutes  apart.  Allow  511  minutes  for  train 
I  from  mini  Street,  IT  minutes  Trum  ailnl  Street  anil  IS  minutes  hum 
Hie  Hudson  Terminal  Unildhm- 

Leave  A.M.  A  M.  A.JI.  A.M.  P.M.  1*.M.  P.JI.  P.M.  1*..M. 

This  modern  $4,000  house  is  electric  lighted  and 
steam  heated.  The  plumbing  and  all  other  conveniences 
are  thoroughly  modern  and  up-to-date. 


I  enclose  you  herewith  letter  from  ac Andrews  & 
Forbes  Oo.,  which  confirms  the  several  conversations I  have  had  with 
their  Ur.  Ransom.  The  agreement  which  he  outlines  is  exactly  in 
accordance  with  the  understanding  I  had  with  him  and  as  I  understand 
your  instructions  were. 

V/e  are  getting  very  badly  crowded  for  room  over  at  the  little 
shop  and  have  simply  got  to  have  more  room  so  lcindly  do  not  delay 
closing  this  proposition  any  longer  than  is  necessary. 

I  enclose  you  copy  of  my  reply  to  Uossrs.  UacAndrows  &  Forbes  i 


Mr.  Ralph  H.  Beach,  President, 

Federal  Storage  Battery  Car  Co. , 
50  Church  Street,  City. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Referring  to  our  several  interviews  and  telephone  conver¬ 
sations  with  you  in  regard  to  our  Silver  Lake,  R.J.  property,  we 
wish  to  state  for  the  purpose  of  record  and  mutual  understanding 
the  essential  points  involved  in  your  offer  to  purchase  the  property 
in  question,  as  per  your  telephone  message  of  the  31st  ult. ,  viz: 

Your  .Company  agrees  to  purchase  the  property  at  the  price 
of  $35, 000.00,  paying  $5,000.00  at  the  time  of  passing  the  title, 
$5,000.00  at  the  end  of  bne  year,  (say  June  15th  1912)  the  "balance 
at  the  end  of  5  years,  (Bay  June  15th  1917)  the  deferred  payments 
to  be  secured  by  a  proper  purchase  money  bond  and  mortgage  bearing 
interest  at  the  rate  of  5^  per  annum,  payable  semi-annually. 

This  proposition  is  acceptable  to  us  and  we  will  thank 
you  for  a  confirmation  of  same  in  writing,  upon  reoeipt  of  which  we 
will  proceed  with  the  preparation  of  the  necessary  documents. 

Yours  very  truly, 

JIacAndrews  A  Forbes  Company, 




Juno  3rd,  1911.  \ 

Moo ora,  UcAndrowa  &  For  bo  a  0o», 

111  Fifth  Avo., 

Mon  York  City. 

Conti omen:-  \ 

Attention  of  Mr.  H.E.Ranoon.Soot.  i 

Wo  hovo  your  oatoomod  favor  of  tho  .2nd,  In  regard  to  tho 
Silver  Lefco  proporaition.  Iho  conditions  not  .forth  In  ycriir  lottor  oro 
In  accordance  with  our  understanding  oxcopt  /that  the  property  will  bo 
no Id  to  Mr.  Thorn  a  Edlnon  or  Thoiaaa  Edlaon,  Ino.,  I-  an  not  ouro  which 
but  either  will  bo  oatlof aotory,  Instead  of  to  thlo  company.  ■'  I  am 
aonding  your  lottor  together  with  oopy  of  this  roply  to  Mr,  Ediocn1  to¬ 
day  end  you  will  hoar  dlrootly  from  him  in  regard  to  Improbably  from 
Mr.  Dyor. 

Youro  truly,  \ 


. . ■. . - .  ■  . 1 



Federal  storage  battery  Car  Co. 



June  5,  1911. 

Mr.  Thomaa  A.  EdiBon,.  ^  \0,\  \ 

Orange,  N.  J. 

My  Dear  Mr.  Edison J* 

Enclosed  I  am  handing  you  an  Editorial,  whloh  waB  in  the 
Ohioago  Record  Herald  this  morning.  It  sounds  good,  and  speaks 
well  of  you  and  your  efforts.  Think  I  will  close  a  contract 
Wednesday  with  Mr.  Bucklen,  whom  Mr.  Beach  and  I  brought  to  your 
office  about  two  weeks  ago,  for  one  of  the  Beach  Oars,  equipped 
with  your  battory. 

Yours  very  truly, 




<J,  I‘ VI' 

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My  dear  Mr.  Edison: - 

roa]Vy  know  vo: 

little  about  him  and  have  absolutely  nothing  to  do  with  him^/vortoole^ 
he  keeps  sending  me  letters  through  Mr.  Hanford.  I  jusy^anothey^age 

In  connection  with  this  I  received  a  very  interesting  fetter  from 
Messrs .  Dick  Kerr  &  Co, Ltd., of  London,  which  letter  I  am  enclosing . you  a 
copy.  Y0U  wiii  note  in  the  letter  that  they  Give  it  as  their  opinion  that 
the  trolley  business  is  doomed  in  Great  Britton.  I  cuoes.  the  truth  is  it 
doomed  everywhere  but  fret  when  wo  will  seal  the  doom  is  a  hard  question. 
The  fact  is  as  I  see  it, that  Dick  Kerr  &  Co.  realize  that  trolley  lines  in 

England  you  know  the  Board  of  Trade  rules  Governing  the  construction  o 
street  railway  require  an  immense  outlay  for  foedors.  In  most  cases  t 
limit^li g  voltage  drop  to  B*.  This  makes  it^that  they  just  simply  don't 
You,  of  course,  will  see  the  advantage  of  the  battery  car  in  oonneotic 

i  when  the  slow-going  Englishman  roalis 

Mattery  car  can  do  for  him  he  will  go  into  it  . -extensively.  •  The 
of  this  correspondence  from  Dick  Kerr  &  Co.  came  out  of  a  very  c 

what  the 

all  thing. 


An  editor  of  the  Tramway  World  was  trying  .to  got  us  to  give  mm  on  acwsrtiaow 
ment.  I  did  not  want  to  advertise  over  there  bocauoo  in  the  first  place  I 
could. not  afford  it  and  in  the  second  place  I  thought  it  would  not  amount  to 
anything  now.  In  order  to  got  rid  of  him  I  told  him  that  if  we  had  an  agent 
there  some  business  might  develop.  He  cent  a  letter  to  Dick  Herr  &  Oo.  and 
they  wrote  us  asking  about  the  success  and  I  wrote  them  telling  them  the  facts 
and  suggesting  it  maybe  worth  their  while  to  take  it  up.  The  letter  I  en¬ 
close  you  is  their  reply.  I  think  this  letter  expresses  tlieopinion  among  the 
best  class  of  people,  I  mean  the  engineering  firms,  in  Groat  Brittan. 

r  have  another  little  point  which  is  very  interesting.  I  quote  from 
a  letter  received  yesterday  from  our  hr.  Scott,  whom  I  sent  down  to  Salisbury 
to  see  how  that  car  was  running.  Be  have  had  a  little  difficulty  with  people 
using  these  cars  in  that  they  overcharge  the  battery.  Tills  fault  I  was  led 
into  on  account  of  my  intent  to  keep  the  cost  of  the  car  down.  I  should  have 
put  a  recording  ammeter  in  the  oar:  which  ^ows  the  input  and  output  of  the 
batteries  and  would  permit  the  operator  to  get  a  pretty  good  idea  6f  the  con¬ 
dition  of  his  batteries  as  to  charge.  Aa  stated  above  I  did  not  do  this  be- 
c"uso  I  wanted  to  save  the  money  but  I  will  have  to  do  it  and  in  future  will 

The  other  thing  I  v 

, oil  you  is  tills,  quoting  from 

"They  are  running  the  oar  entirely  on  boosts  aveiag^.g  r 

boosting  5  to  50  minutes  averaging  altogether  4  hours  per  day  =  119  K.Y/.hours 
and  making  99  miles  per  day.  This  is  a  trifle  over  1  K.W.  hours  per  oar  mil 
battery  intake  as  near  as  I  can  figure  it.  Id  this  the  right  way  to  handle 
the  oar?  tefevero  told  me  it  was(Lefevre  is  one  of  our  workman)  but  I  think 
Please  advise.  There  are  about  750  passengers  average  per  day  and  freVS 

quently  as  many  as  65  at  a  time(  the  ear  seats  26)but  seldom  less  than  so. 
The  stops  average  about  11  per  mile.  Anyhow,  everyone  is  pleased  but.  I  am 
not  satisfied,  notwithstanding  with  only  one  oar  carrying  all  fixed  and 
operating  oh.rg..  1U.  Intent  -»  doproclatlon  tno  Connor*  propoolti 


Thomas  A  •  Edison- -*~S 

paying  more  than.  $05.00  per  day  profits."  What  X  want  to  call  your  attention 
to  ia  that  down  there  in  that  little  town  on  Concord,  the  population  io  about 
5000  on  a  road  two  miles  long  with,  just  one  car  the  proposition  on  the',  whole 
l3  actually • paying  and  still  have  a  profit  of  §25.00  per  day.  X  have  been  a  ^ 
long  time  connected  with  street  railway  work  but  X  have  never  heard  of  a  one  {- 
car  road  that  could  pay  expenses  before.  This  road  at  Salisbury  has  grades 
as  high  as  6*  bo  we  cannot  be  accused  in  this  case  of  working  under  easy 
conditions.  ’  The  car  has  been  operating  for  two  months  mid  there  has  not  boon 
the  slightest  difficulty  of  any  character.  The  temperature  of  the  battery 
iB  pa.  As  far  as  X  can  see  everything  about  the  car  and  battery  is  all  right. 

This  car  io  equipped  with  90  A-6  colls. 

Yours  truly, 

Prosident . 


57  Moorgate  Street, 

London,  E.  C.  May  24th,  1911. 

Dear  Sira:- 

We  have  had  further  important  interviews  with  the 
Directors  of  the  London  General  Omnibus  Cdu  ,  and  Mr.  George 
Cans  ton,  „  , , 

We  alBO  have  full  confirmation  of  Morgan's  control  of  the 
Tubes  and  Omnibus  business;  the  latter  were  secured  last  week  only. 

The  Omnibus  people  want  to  get  full  control  of  the 
Battery  for  traction  purposes  in  London,  in  order  to  stop  its  use 
on  the  County  Council  tram  lines,  as  the  latter  are  now  proposing 
further  extensions.  These  we  can  do  at  half  the  cost  of  the 
conduit  system,  and  the  job  would  run  into  close  to  L. 2,000,000 
Sterling.  If  therefore,  Edison  loses  control  of  his  Battery  here 
to  the  Morgan  interest,  he  will  Iobg  this  big  job  and  future 
renewals  of  batteries.  If  he  keeps  control,  he  can  sell  to 
everybody  and  get  his  price.  This  will  be  true  everywhere,  aB  the 
Morgans  will  use  the  Battery  in  their  own  interest  and  not  make 
an  open  market,  as  is  the  case  in  America. 

We  are  willing  to  close  the  deal  with  the  General 
Omnibus  for  1,000  omnibuses  to  be  made  in  2  years,  if  Mr.  Beach 
gives  us  prices  and  guarantees,  as  requested,  and  also  a  statement, 
that  no  batteries  will  be  sold  to  competing  omnibus  companies, 
so  long  as  the  London  General  keep  1,000  omnibuses  in  service. 
Pleaseget  this  at  once,  and  cable  it  to  me.  At  tbw  Bame  time, 
if  so  authorized,  in  writing  we  will  at  once  take  up  the  tramway 
matter  with  the  County  Council.  We  must,  however,  be  satisfied 
that  the  batteries  and  equipment  will  be  forthcoming  when  re¬ 
quired.  You  must  also  send  us  some  more  catalogues  of  the 
Battery,  including  the  old  edition,  and  also  of  the  Beach  Car 
Catalogue.  , 

Mr.  Cawston  will,  as  I  wrote  you,  take  any  required  part 
in  the  Battery  deal,  baofced  by  the  Rothschilds.  He  is  very  keen 
on  this.  He- will,  if  so  required,  buy  up  the  Selly  Oak  Works, 
either  for  the  manufacture  of  Batteries  and  Cars,  or  Cars  only, 
as  a  private  enterprise  subject  to  proper  arrangements  for  a 
supply  of  batteries. 

His  idea  is  to  form  a  big  Company  to  handle  freight 
for  the  Railways  Companies  in  all  English  Cities.  This  service 
will  require  2000  vehicles  which  can  be  run  at  from  L.100  to  L185 
per  year  less  than  horse  or  petrol  cars.  These  he  would  make  at 
Selly  Oak. 

These  facts  willshow  you  that  it  is  necessary  to  ascer¬ 
tain  who  is  to  control  the  Battery  before  we  can  do  anything  here. 

In  this  connection,  I  learn  that  some  difficulty  exists 
with  the  Battery  as  to  its  loss  of  voltage  and  low  efficiency. 

I  have  advised  Mr.  Beach  that  my  controller  absolutely 
settles  this  question,  and  that  we  have  proved  it  here  up  to  the 
hilt  on  our  own  car.  If  he  gets  Mr.  IrvSIn  in  control  of  the  Battery 
business  here,  they  can  have  the  ubo  of  this  apparatus  and  double 
the  value  of  their  battery.  I  can  get  one  of  the  new  type 
ready  in  two  weeks,  as  patterns  are  finished,  and  will  come  over 
and  demonstrate  its  value  if  furnished  with  L150  to  pay  cost  of 
completion,  testing  and  traveling  expenses. c  Our  motors  are  also 
worth  a  fortune  to  the  business,  on  account  of  their  high  torque 
and  officienoy,  and  light  weight.  You  may  take  it  from  me  jihat 
Edison  is  solely  delaying  this  English  business  because  he  wants 


t0  ge;  o^r  the  defects  above  named  in  his  battery,  SHiX— 
other, _reason.ave  ^  over  the8e  dofecta  after  7  years  work,  and 
put  him  right,  -  ^v“f Ind  Mr?BLa*ch  in  full  possession  of 

above  fact s^ 6 and  make  them  ’f®ali^tgrests°he^  atTcost  of  many 
secured  control  of  the  EdiBOn 

battery8 solves  the  surface  Pro^®m*  effort  to  control  it. 

battery  this  they  will  ^eh£°f\he  battery  business 

If  they  do,  Edison while  if  Mr.  Irvin  controls, 

SfHSSS&n* «w«- 

j  that  I  can  sail  on  the  3rd*Your8  truly 

'\7,  N.  Stewart. 

Messrs.  Geo. B, Hanford, 
25  Broad  Street, 
Hew  York. 


67  Moorgate  St., 

London,  E.  C,  May  26th,  1911. 

Dear.  Sirs, 

I  am  in  receipt  of  yours  of  the  15th  instant. 

Wo  are  quite  ready  to  proceed  with  the  construction  of 
a  sample  omnihus,  on  receipt  of  Mr.  Beach's  figures  as  to  cost  of 
Battery,  maintenance,  guarantees  etc. 

Our  customers,  the  London  General,  would  like  to  get 
control  of  the  Battery  for  use  on  tramways,  in  order  to  stop  the 
County  Council  from  using  the  system  on  their  cars. 

This  would  not  suit  Mr.  Edison  and  Mr.  Beach,  and  we  shall 

not  consider  any  such  arrangement. 

We  shall  have  no  difficulty  in  getting  cash  for  a  vehicle 
works  here,  if  Mr.  Irvin  gets  the  Battery  Business  finished. 

Re  Margetta  Tyre.,. 

I  have  seen  these'  people.  ,j;hey  have  Been  getting  a 
very  uneven  quality  of  ruBBer  on  the  treads  from  the  present 
makers,  and  do  not  care  to  send  any  tyres  abroad  until  their 
own  works  are  in  operation,  which  will  Be  in  about  two  weeks  time. 
They  are  right  in  this.,  as  it  would  harm  us  if  some  of  the 
sections  were  of  Bad  quality.  They  will  send  two  wheels  as  soon 
as  possible  and  these  may  Be  used  in  front  or  rear,  provided  the 
Brake  apparatus  can  Be  suitably  attached.  This  will  probably  Be 
the  case. 

It  is  highly  probable  that  Mr.  Cawston  will)  seriously 
take  up  the  question  of  forming  a  Company  for  introducing  railway 
vans,  as  the  figures  show  a  high  economy  over  the  costly  house 
system  now  in  use. 

I  hope  to  have  more  information  for  next  mail.  Look  out 

for  the  Daimler  people,  as  their  man  haB  gone  ovej 
Yours  truly, 

W.  H.  Stewart. 


— '  .  "  '  COPY 

Diolc  Kerr  &  Co., Ltd. 

•  Yard 

Cannon  St., 

London,  Eng. 

Kay  23rd,  1911. 

R. H. Beach, Esp.,  ’  „ 

Prest.  Federal  Storago  Battery  Car  Co. 

1779  Hudson  Terminal  Bldg.  _  . 

Hew  York  City. 

Dear  Sir:-  _  , 

yie  beg  to  acknowledge  receipt,  of  your  favor  of  the  5  th  inst.  to¬ 
gether  with  the  printed  matter  referred  to  trier e in.  We  have  considered 

very  carefully  the  proposal  which  you  make  but  regret  we  cannot  see  our 
way  to  enter  into  negotiations  on  the  subject.  Ho  doubt  you  would  prefer 
that  wo  give'  you  a  definato  reply  at’ once  rather  than  waste  time  in  cor-  . 
.  rospondenco.  Our  decision  is  not  based  on  any  laok  of  appreciation  of  the 
work  you  have  done  in  developing  this  very  interesting  improvement  in  rail 
traction;  but  our  conviction  is  that  in  this  country  at  all  evefctsthe  tram 
way’  business  is  doomed  owing  to  the  growing  competition  in  self  propelled 
vehicles  without  rails.  He  have  to. thank  you  and  Hr.  Y/ilcox  for  kindly 
giving  usthe  opportunity  of  considering  the  matter. 

Yours  faithfully, 





June  9th,  1911. 

'..'.r*  Thoraao  A.  Edition, 

Orange,  E*J. 

"v  dear  hr.  Edison:- 

I  juot  tol»d  rith  !>»*"  * 

of  tho  Liodrico  IJor'.ca,  and  »»—  «  ““*««-  ™ 

PI,POrtI — -  >°» -  - — *•-  "  ^  ~  °i  r  : 

tooo  to  confirm  tho  aalo  and  M>  »  -tl".  «  “>»  '**■  ^  “ 

WI.oly  formal  but  ao  you  ar.  furcha.inf  foul  P»P«*»  « ■>»- 

thi.  formality, I  b.U«.,  1»  »rdor  that  no  potion  a.  to  title  .  on 

thereafter  ariso. 

Yours  truly,  « 



R.  H.  Beach.,  Esq.  , 

50  Church  Street, 

New  York  City. 

Beach:  - 

The  opinion  of  hoye  here  1b  that  the 
bposting  charge  is  all  right  at  Concord,  providing 
that  the  temperature  never  gete  above  98,  and  what 
l8  better  95,  and  that  every  two  wee*,  the  battery 
should  be  given  a  long  charge  of  twelve  hours  to 
insure  that  the  iron  should  not  go  dopy.  Also 
that  particular  attention  should  be  given  to  filling 
with  water.  It  Bhould  be  kept  up  high  as  per 
instructions  and  never  be  permitted  to  go  low,  as  to 
be  too  close  too  plates. 

The  idea  boost  is::-  take  out  'twoe -fifths 
and  then  boost.  If  you  take  out  three-fifth,  before 
boost  it  is  harder  on  battery  and  not  so  economical. 

Better  get  a  dayB  run  schedule  showing 
ampere  input  and  output  on  boosts- and  all  data, 
mileage  etc.  on  boosts,  temperature,  water  line 
and  send  it  to  us. 



East  St.  Louis,  Columbia  &  Waterloo  Railway. 


XOMO  SI.  Lottin,  June  20,1911, 

Ur.  LeHoy  Smith, 

8  else  Uanag or, Federal  Storage  Battery  Cor  Co., 

80  Chur oh  St,, Nov  York. 

Deer  Sirs 

Yours  of  Uay  8!fcd  osso  duly  to  hand.  Be  ere  obliged  to  you  for  your  oonnidora- 
tion  end  want  to  apologise  for  our  naming  delay  in  answering  you.  Be  hcvo  teen  quietly  in- 
voatigating  ever  sinoe  vo  received  youra  of  Hey  22nd,  Every  Body  ie  inolinod  to  a  think 
of  hie  own, and  we  are  inolined  to  think  your  oar  mitfjt  ha  a  good  thing  for  any  aide  lino  or 
feeder  line  by  way  of  a  oonnoetion  with  our  main  line  of  road,but  as  a  etraightout  suburban 
proposition  we  do  not  think  you  have  your  proposition  perfected  an  yot,  That  is  why  we  made 
you  the  propooition  we  did, and  vhioh  we  etill  feel  you  ought  to  h ten  accepted. 

An  we  oro  being  pushed  on  our  proposition  we  ere  practically  forced  to  go  ahead 
with  the  over  head  system  on  our  first  construction. 

I  wish  to  sey  in  this  connection,  eophatioelly,  that  I  have  always  wished  and 
hoped  for  your  auoceoofu*  solving  of  thiB  problem  which  you  are  working  on, but  whioh  I  now 
fool  you  youreolvea  «tiU  oonsidor  unsolved, owing  to  your  non-nooeptsnoe  of  my  proposition. 

You  will  please  excuse  me  for  saying  that  I  fool  you  have  made  a  mistake, as  par  tsj 
explanation  made  to  Ur.  Ihoatly  whan  he  called  on  us  hero  last. 

If  there  are  any  new  develoimente  in  your  systan  as  you  go  along  that  you  feel 
you  would  like  to  keep  ue  pouted  on  and  which  wo  might  be  interested  in  we  will  be  vary 
thankful  if  you  will  let  us  hear  from  you. 

In  conclusion,  we  wish  to  thank  your  Hr.  Edison  and  Ur,  Beach  for  the  kind 
attention  shown  our  Ur.Uohter  when  he  o ailed  on  them  by  way  of  investigating  your 
storage  battery  ear. 

Youra  very  truly  and  appreciatively. 

Carbon  Copy  to 
Hossre.Tho  s.  Edison, 


L, C.Haynee,V.P. ,  E, Bt, Louie  &  flub.Hy. 
R.H. Beach. 




July  8th,  19X1.  _—«•*/  ‘ft 

Ur.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.J. 

]iy  dear  Mr.  Edison, 

We  are  up  against  a  problem  which  seems  like  a  very 
little  thing  but  we  have  got  to  get  it  solved  somehow.  .  It  is  this 

problem  of  providing 

i  whistle  for  cars  in  stBam  railroad  servioe. 

have  been  trying  the  Hutchinson  Klaxon  horn  but  it  is  not  worth  the 
powder  to  blow  it  up.  Don't  tell  this  to  Hutchinson  because  I  don't  want 
to  hurt  his  feelings  but  nevertheless  it  is  true.  I  believe  the  thing  can 
never  work  permanently.  They  start  out  all  right  but  get  hoarse  and  we 
have  to  keep  constantly  adjusting  them  and  we  want  something  on  these  cars 
for  signaling  that  is  dead  reliable. 

I  have  thought  of  working  out  some  kind  of  a  little  motor  compres¬ 
sor.  The  trouble  with  that  is  it  takes  so  much  power. 

Would  it  be  possible  to  make  a  special  phonograph "and  reproduce 
a  regular  steam  whistle?  This  seems  to  be  the  best  thing  if  it  iB  possible. 
Whether  you  could  get  it  loud  enough  or  not.  I  do  not  know  but  I  have-  of  ten 
heard  tones  in  the  phonograph  that  were  plenty  loud  enough.  Kindly  let  me 
Know  what  you  think  about  the  phohograph  idea  and  if  we  cannot  do  it  I  will 
try  and  work  out  some  kind  of  noise  making  thing  that  will  do.  We  might  pujs 
a  little  compressor  over  the  axle  and  when  the  car  is  coasting  pick  up  air 
enough  for  it.  This  don't  seem  like  muoh  of  a  problem  but  I  have  looked 
everywhere  and  can't  find  a  horn  that  is  any  good.  I  like  that  phonograph 

T.A.E. - 2 

schema  because  it  takes  very  little  power.  If  you  think  it  is  worth 
while  I  will  come  over  there  and  flo  the  experimenting. 

Yours  very  truly. 



'I  '  '  IW' 

Vj|  Uu/  ))W<^U^w>n/ 

\f  v|jLAO.  ffl)  _ Ct>CC  - 


^}sj^*..(dj^jJw  ..twdJ!ZyLU~Q^-mu,- 

ifV/  .lA&Uto&y- 

Ab-jb'M-'-QA  ..tMlf'. 

JL  Ium.  4-^, - 

_|li UAA^]UdlhJ&^ 

ft;  rtit’ir’  0  — - 

|UXu\G  . _9^iA/-;_A^i!_S<AV^-^*<<^'-v--'" 

_  JLuifiL  W  - 

„hJlC.fl,^(U-  &*/  -"tA-  - 

^Mj^SusHjZ. - 

— - - - — 


Dear  Sir: 

Herewith  X  beg  to  enclose  a  complimentary  copy  of  paper  prepared 
and  read  by  our  President,  Mr.  Ralph  H.  Beach,  at  the  last  Convention  of  the 
Electric  Railway  Association  of  the  State  of  New  York,  upon  the  subject  of 
the  Edison  Storage  Battery  and  Its  application  to  railway  car  operation  by 
the  Beach  Cars  as  developed  by  Mr.  Beach.  This  paper  has  excited  so  much 
favorable  comment  from  the  electric  railway  world,  I  thought  you  would  like 
to  receive  a  copy. 

It  may  also  be  of  Interest  to  you  to  know  that  besides  very 
economical  and  reliable  operation  of  our  battery  cars  on  small  roads,  these 
cars  are  being  operated  very  satisfactorily  at  an  exceedingly  low  operating 
and  maintenance  cost  on  a  number  of  the  most  important  eleotrio  and  steam 
railroad  systems  of  this  country,  and  if  you  care  to  investigate  further  we 
would  be  pleased  to  refer  you  to  the  operating  officials  of  those  systems 
using  Beach  Cars  so  that  you  may  obtain  first  hand  roports  as  to  the  success 
of  this  new  method  of  car  operation. 

We  would  also  be  glad  to  send  you  some  late  prlntod  matter. 

Very  truly  yours, 




Sales  Manager. 

August  15th,  1911. 

Mr.  T. A. Edison, 

o/o  Morgan,Har jos  &  0o», 

31  Boulevard  HouSman, 

Paris,  France. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison, 

When  you  left  I  promised  to  send  you  data  in 
regard  to  the  long  wheel  base  oar  as  aoon  as  we  had  it  out.  We  have 
how  finished  the  oar  and  have  already  tested  it.  The  oar  has  traveled 
about  500  miles  since  we  finished  it  in  tett  runs  over  the  Erie  track. 
You  will  find  enclosed  three  photographs  a  quarter  view,  an  interior 
and  an  interior  with  the  batteries  exposed.  You  already  have  a 
photograph  of  the  line  drawing  showing  the  truck  construction.  This 
-oar  weighs  just  under  20,000.  lbs.  It  seats  50  people,  that  is  to  say 
it  has  a  seating  capacity  of  60  people  provided  it  was  all  seats. 

In  this  particular  oar  you  will  notice  a  portion  of  it  is  taken  up 
with  baggage  space  which  makes  it  seat  40  people  but  we  oall  it  a 
50  passenger  car.  The  oar  takes  on  the  ordinary  tracks  of  the  Erie 
such  as  you  are  familiar  with  about  660 . watt  hours  per  oar  mile  at  a 
speed  of  30  miles  per  hour  including  the  station  stops.  As  far  as  I 
am  able  to  judge  this  car  works  perfectly.  I  have  ridden  in  the  car 
almost  steadily  for  five  days  watching  its  operation  to  the  best  of 
my  ability  and  I.  can  see  no  defect  whatever  except  the  body  is  too 
heavy  It  is  about  2000  lbs.  too  heavy  but. as  I  did  not  have  the 
.,  <*.  ti».  .hi.  ■**>  «  «•*  «  V** 

X  «  Brill  —  it  -  — *  -  —  *  “T  ” * 

T.A.Edison-Esq.—  2 

iBSued  the  design  hut.  JjP had  to  use  stock  materia;  in  the  roof  and 
general  framing  they  ran  the  weight  up.  on  ub.  However,  the  oar  is 
extremely  light  notwithstanding  the  above.  You  will  note  it  is 
abotit  400  lbs.  per  seated  passenger  including  the  battery  which  consists 
of  800  A-6  cells. 

During  last  week  we  had  a  great  many  railroad  men  visit  us  and 
they  rode  on  the  car.  All  expressed  themselves  as  very  much  pleased 
with  its  operation  and  with ‘the  slight  modifications  in  the  body  to  reduce 
the. weight  I  can  see  nothing  further  to  do  to  this  oar  to  make  the  tppa 
a  commercial  success  on  branch  lines. of  steam  railroad  service.  It 
works  in  and  out  all  of  the  yard  curves  .splendidly.  It  accelerates 

We  will  ship  this  car  to  Muskogee  to-day. 

Sinoe  you  left  we  have  received  orders  for  one  oar  from  the 
Baltimore  &  Washington  Transit  Co., 2  oars  from  Hendersonville,  N.O., 

B  cars  from  Rock  Hill,  N.C.,1  oar  from  the  East  Texas.  Traction  Co., 

1  car  from  Elkhart,  Ind.,2  cars  from  Canton,  Ohio.  These. are  all 
single  truck.  An  order  from  the  Lewisburg,  Milton  &  Watsontown  Passen¬ 
ger  Ry.  Co.  for  a  oar  similar  to  the  photograph  enclosed. 

We  are  getting  moved  into  the  Silver  Lake  plant  and  have  two  oars 
being  put  together  there  now.  .On  the  whole  we  are  getting  along  about 
as  well  as  can  be  expected  in  view  of  the  fact  that  all  of  this  work 
is  pioneer  work. 

I  sincerely  hope  you  are  having  a. very  pleasant  trip  and  will 
come  back  with  lots  of  good  health  and  courage. 

About  the  sale  of  our  plans  and  patents  in  Europe  I  believe  it 
is  a  little  too  early  to  consider  it.  I  find  we  are  likely  to  get 
in  fact,  better  than  I  had  anticipated. 

some  pretty  good  patents, 

T. A. Edison, Esq. - 3 

There  are  really  some  new  features  about  these  oars  and  while  probably 
none  are  fundamental  they  are  as  good  as  Anyone  can  get  and  they  may 
possibly  be  worth  something.  Unless  we  get  an  offer  that  is  rather 
attractive  X  think  it  would  be  a.  good  plan  to  wait  a  year  or  so  and 
get  the  business. developed  over  here.  However,  if  you  get  something 
that  really  looks  good  wh*  let  her  go  although  X  am  not  just  crazy  to 

make  any  deal.  _  .. 

About  the  only  trouble  we  have  had  has  been  with  Billy  Bee. 
Billy  seems  to  think  we  ought  to  b©  more  prompt  in  paying  our  bills 
over  here.  I  suppose  the.  truth  is  we  could  but  we  have  reduced  the 
account  and  between. cash  payments. and  batteries  returned,  which  were 
on  trial,  we  owe  you  now  about  *7600...  When  you  left  we  owed  you 
about  *14,000.  .1  am  following  exactly  the  plan  which  we  outlined, 

that  is,  I  sell  oars  for  l/3  oash  with  prder,  l/3  on  delivery  and 
1/3  thirty  days  thereafter.  We  keep,  the  first  third,,  you  get  the 
second  and  a  portion  of.  the  last  to  complete  your  payment.  This 
strikes  me  as  being  a  pretty  fair  arrangement.  We  are  getting  this 
making  of  oars  down  pretty  fine  when  we  can  build  the  car  as  cheap 
SB  you  can  make  the  batteries  which  is  about.where  we  oome  off. 

Yours  truly,  r  / 

A  r  r/C-V\ 


/utwi (A  *  . 


Eno.  3  photos. 

I  had  with  you  early  In  July  oft  last  year  in  regard  to  the  suit¬ 
ability  of  your  Storage  Battery  Oars  for  the  Municipal  Tram  ser- 

vioe  of  this  town. 

You  then  satisfied  me  personally  that  they  would 
be  suitable  for  our  requirements  and  after  a  considerable  amount 
of  delay  and  trouble  I  have  succeeded  in  getting  the  Counoil  to 
order  two  of  these  oars  from  the  Storage  Battery  Oar  Company,  with 
the  intention  of  orderirg  further  oars  if  these  prove  satisfactory, 
and  the  oontract  for  these  went  forward  by  last  month's  nail. 

I  now  take  the  liberty  of  writing  you  personally 
in  this  matter,  and  to  let  you  know  that  there  is  a  very  large  amount 
of  public  interest  belig  taken  throughout  the  whole  of  this  Dominion 
as  to  the  success  of  your  Battery  Oars,  and  I  think  it  is  hardly 
necessary  for  me  to  Impress  upon  ycu  that  it  is  Important  that  a 
reliable  up-to-date  article  is  sent,  and  I  would  thank  you  to  give 
this  your  personal  attention  in  your  own  interests  as  well  as  mine. 


I  have  had  enquiries  from  all  parts  of  Now  Zealand, 
including  aomo  of  the  largest  Municipal  Oorporations,  in 
regard  to  these  oars,  and  in  eaoh  oase  I  have  spoken  very 
strongly  in  favou*  of  them,  and  as  is  to  be  expeoted  in  regard 
to  any  new  invention  snoh  as  this,  there  is  a  good  deal  of 
hostility  shown  to  it  by  exports  and  others  who  are  no  doubt  txtx 
interested  in  the  systems  that  would  be  prejudioally  affeotod 
by  its  adoption. 

For  your  information  I  am  posting  you  a  oogy  of  the  pres* 
report  of  the  meetii^  at  which  the  oars  were  ordered,  and  also 
fcublioationa  in  regard  to  them  whioh  appeared  in  our  papers  of 
last  evening  and  this  morning. 

I  an  also  forwarding  you  a  copy  of  my  letter  to  the  Mayor 
of  Palmerston  North,  which  has  been  fairly  widely  circulated 
through  the  press  of  the  Domi  nion. 

There  has  also  been  a  considerable  amount  of  other  matt a? 
published,  aid  it  is  fairly  certain  that  the  result  of  the 
Gisborne  order  will  be  carefully  watched  before  any  further  orders 
go  forward. 

I  regret  to  say  the  acting  under  Doctors  orders,  I  have 
to  take  a  long  rest  from  puhlio  dutiea,  in  oonsequenoe  of  ny 


Q&tiido'luc  j/.z., 

August  18th  S9C\\, 

havirg  had  to  undergo  an  operation  for  the  removal  of  one  of  my 
eyes,  whioh  was  really  caused  by  overwork,  arid  I  intend  in  a  few 
days  to  hand  in  ray  resignation  from  the  Offioe  of  Mayor. 

I  mention  this  fact  to  you  in  case  any  question 
should  arise  in  the  oarrying  out  of  the  order  that  requires 
referring  baok  to  the  Ojunoil. 

At  my  interview  with  you,  you  'were  good  enough  to 
give  me  your  views  on  the  labour  question  for  publication.  This 
I  had  done  in  the  leading  press  of  London,  Australia,  and  New 
Zealand . 

I  posted  you  a  copy  of  one  of  the  London  papers 
whioh  I  trust  jnwtoc  you  duly  reoeived,  and  you  are  satisfied  that 
the  report  was  oorreot. 

Believe  me^  Yours  Binoerely, 




Yours  fuithfully. 



operation  of  the  first  oar  at  Concord.  We  did  have  out  three  o i 
have,  all  been  sold;  the  one  at  Washington  was  sold  to  Patchogue; 

have,  all  been  sold;  the  one  at  We 
was  sold  to  Washington;  and  the  c 

n  the  Erie  road  was  sold  1 

1  Hifflinghurg,  Pa.  It  is  interesting  to  note  the  price  secured  for  these  seoondT 

rs;  almost  the  price  of  e 

The  prospects  for  'business 
business  generally  is  very  tad.  Thi 

e  good,  notwithstanding  the  fact  that  the  cai 
,  of  the  five  plants  of  the  Brill  Company  ere 

olosedi  the  Barney  and  Smith  plant  at  Payton,  0.  is  closed. 

s  of  standard  equip- 

extremely  low.  For  instance,  M.  52  equipment  which  for  years  has 

ie  experience  showing  the  c 

onsidsrable  period  of  time.  The  Suffolk  Traction  Company  report 

that  their  cost  of  operation  is  11**  per  car  mile.  In  this  1*  they  are  paying 
3S*  per  k.w.  hr.  for  current.  This  is  a  very  fair  showing  and  compares  very  favorably 
with  the  trolley.  We  had  estimated  in  stem  railway  service  that  the  cost  of 
operation  of  a  double  truck  car  would  bo  9.00(4.  ».  Montandon  4  Hifflinghurg  Company 

report  that  their  actual  cost  of  operation  is  9.5*.  This  Company  are  paying  1**  per 

We  are  putting  into  these  cars  a  superior  quality  of  materials,  probably  hotter 
than  the  average  car  builder,  and  are  now  beginning  to  be  recognised  in  the  trade  as 

builders  of  first  class  cars.  We  are  constantly  being  asked  to  furnish  cars  of  this 
type  for  trolley  equipment  but  have  always  declined  to  do  so. 

e  built  and  which  ws  now  have  on  order  consume  3055  cells 

400  A/4  -  2,440  a/6  -  215  a/8  -  of  a  total  value  of  $59,790. 

I  hope  the  above  will  he  of  interest  to  you. 


Ojm  i , 



•—tr'  a~~^ 

it  t' -WSSj.  (W  ~~  - 

AfU  C®^S  ■**:’~‘'<“f 
^lw  fc-*B=n-  y  ■ 

Exi^  «  **-'^”*  ^  ^ 

«■  _p  fc%» 

|~r^#  / 



SILVER  LAKE,  NEW  JERSEY  October  16,  1911. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  .  .. 

ZT.  J.  .-•A. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edisonj  ' 

Attached  please  find  letter  from  IV.  II.  lysnar,  Mayor  of  Qisbome, 

How  Zealand.  V/e  have  a  contract  from  the  City  of  Gisborne,  dated  July  15";  •1911 
for  two  single  truck  oars.  These  cars  are  to  be  equipped  each  with  105  cells 
of  a/8  battery.  We  are  at  work  on  the  oars  and  we  believe  from  our  study  of  the 
conditions  at  Gisborne  that  the  cars  will  do  their  work  satisfactorily.  Mr.  Harris 
the  agent  for  Hew  Zealand  is  here  and  has  been  here  for  several  months  in  your 
battery  plant  with  a  view  of  equipping  himself  with  a  technical  knowledge'-  s<5  that 
he  can  handle  these  batteries  properly.  He  iB  coming  down  here  to  work  in  a 
short  time  and  will  go  out  to  Hew  Zealand  with  the  oarB  and  install  them.  We 
fell  sure  that  these  cars  will  prove  satisfactory.  Think  you  need  have  no 
hesitation  in  so  advising  Mr.  Lysnar. 





Yours  of  the  Sa9th  pi  to.  to  hand.,  and  I  may 
say  that,  up  to  tne  present,  he  Gisborne  Borough 
Council  has  not  finally  decided  -what  shall  be  done 
regarding  the  Edison  Beaoh  Battery  Car.  Its  consid¬ 
eration  by  tho  old  Council  was  dolayod  through  vuri  .us 
reasons,  and  sinoo  tho  now  Counoil  has  taken  office 
X  have  unfortunatoly  been  unable  to  attend  the  meetings 
and  the  matter  is  etanding  down,  while  in  the  meantime, 
the  Council  io  proceeding  with  the  tramway  system  in 
other  reapoots.  Our  rails  are  here  and  v;o  hope  to 
have  the  sleepers  to  hand  in  the  course  of  tho  next 
two  or  three  months  and  the  track  will  then  be  put 
under  construction.  I  still  nope  and  believe  uur 
Council  wxll  decide  on  the  installation  of  the  Beach 
■oars. '  Personally  X  have  no  doubt  whatovof  about  them 
and  X  would  muoh  prefer  to  aocept  the  guarantee  of  Mr. 
Thomas  Edison  than  the  reports  of  any  experts  that 
might  be  sent  to  Ifovr  York  to  investigate.  3/tr  KdiBon 
is  prepared  to  guarantee  to  our  Borough  that  his 
battery  will  do  90j*  of  tho  work  he  stipulates  it  will 
do  for-  the  first  throe  years,  and  after  that  time,,  . 

5  upon  .the . renewal  of  the  positive  plates  of  the  battery 

the  batterj’’  to  continue  90#  of 

^ears  guarantee  in  eXVSmr  obedient  Servant, 

Vfvishen  in  New’ York  I  made  speoial  enquiries  to 
ascertain  whether  the  batteiy  -was  out  of  itB- experi¬ 
mental  stage  and  X  was  oonvXnced  from  the  in^arma^ift 
X  obtained  that  it  was  so.  I  might  point  out  that' 



<&*&***>  Q^.&.  ?"*  Juae  /?f>x 

(Continued,  Wo  1) 

while  the  battery  has  not  been  running  long  in  connec¬ 
tion  with  aotual  tram  work,  yet  it  liao  been  running 
in  aotual  use  in  connection  with  waggon  work  in  the 
United  States.  One  firm  I  had  the  opportunity  of 
obtaining  particulars  from,  stated  that  they  had  had 
a  large  number  of  delivery  waggon b  -in  use^boLwiaem  one 
and  two  years  and  they  had  given  entire  satisfaction 
and  1  1 earned  that  there  were  hundreds  of  delivory 
vans  in  and  about  Uov  York  with  Kdism's  battery  and 
thoy  wore  giving  absolute  satisfaction.  I  put.  the 
cTuention  pointedly  to  Mr.  Edison  hirat.olf  ;u.  to  whsUior 
the  battery  could  be  regarded  as  out  of  its  experi¬ 
mental  stage  and  he  assured  mo  that  it  was  bo  and  to 
use  his  own  words  “v’he  machine  is  brutally  strong  and 
will  work  for  20  years. M  Mr.  Edison  took  me  into  his 
yard  wad  showed  me  a  motor  voniole  which  he  had  con¬ 
structed  over  three  years  ssgn  previously  i.nd  it  was 
still  in  use  and  doing  good  work,  yet  ho  had  refused 
to  allow  that  battery  to  bo  adopted  because  of  a  Blight 
defoot  he  had  deteted  after  about  a  3000  mile  run  on 
ts.  bad  road ,  and  he  statod  that  although  he  had  boen 
presGed  by  exports  to  allow  the  machine  to  go  on  the 
market  ho  had  deoilned  to  do  so  until  ho  had  what  ue 
considered  in  his  own  mind  an  absolutely  perfect  car, 

which  he  olaims  he  has  now  .rid  which  he  has  boon  work¬ 

ing  at  for  19  years. 

f  am,  Sir. 

With  the  number  of  ouooeoses  that  have  boon 
achieved  by  this  great  mvefai6r>MM  lOBB  than 

10; 000  hands  working  in  his  laboratory  In  Hew  Jorney 

and  it  is  estimated  that  there  s  line 
all  over  the  world  today  working  ,  on 

his  patents, 


.  3rd  Juno  .  1 


(Continued,  Mo  is) 

assurance  and  guarantee  given  by  such  on  eminent  man 
on  this  question  of  tno  Beach  Battery  Car  could,  I 
think  be  accepted  without  hesitation  by  ue  in  Mew 
Seal and. 

X  also  took  tho  opportunity  of  discussing  the 
prospeots  of  the  oar  with  several  of  the  greatest 
eleotrioal  engineering  experts  in  London  and  tried  to 
ascertain  if  they  knew  of  any  reason  why  the  oar 
Bhould  not  be  successful,  and  while  there  were  strong 
objections  to  it,  they  were  unable  to  gi  e  any 
tangible  reasons  against  it.  If  Mr.  Edison’s  guaran¬ 
tee  sb  not  forthcoming  and  there  wore  any  reasonable 
doubts  I  would  agree  that  it  would  be  advisable  to 
send  an  expert  over  to  America,  but  as  It  is,  I  fall 
to  see  what  oould  be  gained  by  adopting  such  a  bseuxthb 
course,  as  the  gentleman  sent  over  oould  only  Judge 
tiie  position  from  what  he  was  told  by  those  people 
who  have  used  the  batteries  end  assuming  tliat  all  the 
data  he  could  collect  would  bo  favorable,  X  still 
■think  that  the  personal  guarantee  of  the  great  inventoz 

himself  is  better  _nd  of  greater  value  to  our 
Corporations  than  a.  report  from  a  do  sen  experts  wo 
aignt  send  over  to  How  York.  I  rode  in  the  euro  and 
it  was  impossible  to  tell  any  difference  from  the 
overhead  trolley  system  beyond,  perhaps,  the  fact 
that  the  Edison  oar  seemed  a  little  more  silent  in  tho 
working  x  of  its  machinery,  I  hope  a  t  an  early  date 
to  be  able  to  disoues  the  Gisborne 

Council  and  X  trust  they  will  complete  the  neoessary 
contract  for  some  of  these  oars.  Town  Qlerh. 

•I  might  add  that  1  notice  the  Federal  Storage  BattMjir  ; 



Company  estimate,  that  it  will  take  about  «*B,000 
plus  freight  and.  custom  charges  to  oonstruot  8  miloa 
ot  traoli  with  8  oars.  This  is  very  close  to  the 
estimate  that  the  Gisborne  Council  is  working  upon, 
wnioh  in  fbiB.OOO  for  7  miles  or  track  with  4  cotb. 

Trusting  that  your  good  city,  as  well  aa  Gisborne, 
will  ultimately  install  the  Edison  oars  x  and  that 
they  will  prove  a  lasting  and  pormanent  benefit  to 
>ur  I’ospootive  towns. 

Yearn  faithfully 

Mayor  of  Gisborne. 

A.  ITash  Raq. 

Mayor  of  Palmerston  M. 

. I*  A  L  II  B  B  5;I  O  S  S. 

P'S.  I  had  the  running  dost,  as  stated  by  the  Beach  Battery 

Co  ,  compared  with  the  ao.tual  cost  of  running  the  Christ- 

-  ■  ’  omiroh  oars  (as  that  oltv  is  flat  like  a  shone}  treat  ,ng 

electricity  at  3d  per  unit  In  each  instance  and  the 
Edison  oar  would  cost  exactly  half  to  run  per  loaded  oar 
mile  aB  compared  to  the  fotfis&'&uroh  cost  for  the  trolley 
system.  X  have  not  the  the  time 

of  writing  or  I  would  enolose  them  but  I  have  given  you 

Town  Clerk. 


the  bald  result. 

SILVER  LAKE,  NEW  jersey  November  6,  1911= 

Edison  Storage  Battery  Company, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Gentlemen-:  Attention  Mr.  Meadoworoft^, 

This  will  introduce  Mr.  E.  E.  Segelbaum.  Kindly 
show  him  the  model  of  the  horn  which  was  worked  out  upstairs 
for  use  on  our  oars,  and  oblige 




beach" CARS 


SILVER  LAKE,  NEW  JERSEY  December  22,  1911. 

My  dear  Mr-  Edison: 

I  bee  to  advise  you  that  at  the  meeting  of  the  Executive  Comittee 
of  the  Amari  cat  Railway  Engineers  Association  on  the  IVtffend  18  th  of  October, 

r  *  Storage  Battery  Cars.-This  ' 

rs  as  feeders  and  in  the  i 
n  was  made  and  carried 

>ns  to  prepare  a  resume 

field  for  self-propelled  c 

that  the  subject  of  self-propelled 
Equipment  Committee  with  instruct 
of:  experiences  of  actual  Installatrai 

It  would  be  of  interest  to  you  to  know  that  some  member  b  of  this 

a  rsport  with  the  res^t  ^StSltd  report  in  tin*  for 
?Kxfa^r^8tU  of^e  Street  £»«  Association,  All  this  will  go 
into  their  various  publications. 

bA 1 

Yours  very  truly, 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Battery,  Storage  -  Foreign  -  General  (E-11-20) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
the  commercial  development  of  Edison's  alkaline  storage  bal ‘ 
other  than  the  United  States  and  Canada.  Most  of  the  etters  concern 
administrative  changes  in  the  European  battery  busmess.  Inciuded  arelett^s 
to  the  bankinq  houses  of  J.  P.  Morgan  &  Co.  in  New  York  and  Morgan,  Harjes 
&  Co  in  Paris  in  which  Edison  discusses  his  lack  of '  confidence  in  longtime 
associate  Sigmund  Bergmann,  head  of  the  Deutsche 
Co.  in  Berlin.  Other  letters  concern  the  appointment  of  John  F.  Monnot  a 
friend  of  Miller  Reese  Hutchison,  as  agent  for  France  and  England.  A  few 
documents  pertain  to  the  use  of  batteries  in  French  submarines.  There  is  also 
a  list  of  Edison’s  patents  for  storage  batteries  and  the  cost  of  working  them 
?n  countries  other  than  the  United  States  and  Canada  Among  the 
correspondents  are  H.  W.  Balk,  who  solicited  the  market  rights  for  Edison  s 
qtoraae  batteries  in  Cuba  and  Ceylon;  longtime  Edison  associate  Samuel 
ISTcSSS  engineer  Horace'  F.  Parshall;  and  Willis  N.  Steerart,  an 
electric  light  agent  in  South  America  during  the  1880s. 


Electromobil-Fabrik,  GmbH;  unsolicited  correspondence,  and  duplicates. 

.Sb-^WV  ■<  • 


Manaaora  and  Solo  Canaear' — 
m  the  United  Klnydom 
The  Rhineland  Manufacturing  Co.’s 


Thomas  A.  Bdison,  Esq. , 

Or  a  n  g  e,  N.J. , 

U.  S.  A. 

ffe  have  an  enquiry  for  your  Accumulators,  and^  J  , 
shall  he  glad  to  know  Aether  you  are  represented  iu 
country  for  them.  If  ao,  we  shall  he  glad  to  have  th8^V/ 

Dear  Sir, 

name  of  the  firm  who  is  handling  them;  and  if  not,  we 

should  like  to  have  full  particulars  from  you,  and  should  /  y 


Ue  pleased  to  know  Aether  you  are  open  to  consider  maM 
arrangements  with  us  to  represent  you  for  same;  if  w>,* 
we  shall  he  glad  to  receive  particulars  as  to  terms,  etc 
Yours  faithfully 

Yours  faithfully, 


Manager *  and  Sole  Conoosolonalret 
in  the  United  Kingdom  tor 

The  Rhineland  Manufacturing  Co.'s  Ball  Bearings.  ^ 
Eyquam's  Patents;  Motor  &  Aeroplane  Accessories.^ 

Our  r«f. 


Your  ref. 


,  E.  Miller,  Esq. , 

Secretary  tot- 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. , 


LONDON,  W.7th.  February  .1911^ 

am  -fS  /<y 


“ar  Slr’  „jP  i'1  j 

Vie  are  in  receipt  of  your  favour  of  the  30,th.  f 
ult.,  with  regard  to  Mr.  Edison's  Storage  Battery.  J 

We  note  that  you  are  at  present  developing  a  ^ 

trade  in  the  United  States,  and  later  you  will  open  a 
Eactory  in  England.  We  trust  you  will  hear  us  in  mind 
if  then  we  can  he  of  service  to  you  in  placing  Bame  on 
the  English  market. 

In  the  meantime,  vie  should  like  to  ask,  until 
the  Patent  Law  in  England  forces  you  to  manufacture  it 
over  here,  if  we  could  not  handle  in  this  country  for 
you  the  Batteries  you  are  making  in  the  States.  In 
this  way  the  trade  could  he  worked  up  over  here,  and 
the  erection  of  the  Eactory  in  England  could  he  left 
over  until  the  trade  warranted  it. 

The  reason  that  we  wrote  you  on  the  matter  in 

From  Harris  &  Samuels, 

7th.  Eehruary,  19\Zr 


T°  H.  E.  Miner,  Esq., 

the  first  place  ms  on  account  of  an  enquiry  we  had  from 
some  Indian  clients  of  ours. 

Yours  faithfully, 

February  20 ,  I9II . 

Dear  Mr.,  Edison, 

I  have  received  a  letter  from  my  friend  Mr.  Monnot,  ’ 
of  Paris,. whom  I  brought  out  to.  the  Lab.  for  the  purpose^of  nego¬ 
tiating  with  you  for  the  privilege  of  manufacturing  or  Belling  the 
EdisoS  Battery  in  Eranoe.  You  will  remember  you  decided  you  could 
not  aell  them  these  in  the  present  stage  of  the  patent  situation  . 

■He. writes  as  follows,  which  I  quote  from  his  letter: 

■I  recently  met  and  talked  with  the  late  manager  of  Berg^ 
man's  Prench  branch  and  he  tells  me  Bergman  has  been  selling  the 
VHinnn  Batterv  in  Prance  for  some  time  and.  is  trying  to  puBh  it.  tie 
the  Z^e^  solS  a  stationary  outfit  to  liffany  altho  he  does  not 
think  the  Edison  cell  as  well  adapted  to  such  work  as  the  Wad. 
Bergman  has  also  sold  some  of  the  Edison  cells  for  ubb  in  Prench 
subEne^  bu?  their  uee  was  not  a  success  as  ^hey  were  not 
HpnlimRit  for  such  requirements.  Bergman  has  not  sold  very  many  coll 
WBE?anoefSoweverrHisrprinciple  market  has  been  ^  Germany.  Hs  ha. 
been  making  the  old  type  battery,  and  tw0.  gentlemen  who  visited  him 

stli  in  Germany,  and  would  not  entertain  apropoBitionfronme  to 
take  the  matter  up  in  Prance,  because  of  the  patent  situation.  I 
cannot  seo  how  Bergman  can  ship  into  Prance  w^ho^d*"e®£ 
damage  to  the  patent  situation  any  more  than  Mr.  Edison  ®a“*  u  nee  Kr.  Edison  and  ascertain  if  he  is  now  ready  to  take  up 
the  Prench  business  as  I  stand  ready  with  money 

it  If  he  iBnt  ready,  it  BeemB  to  me  he  should  certainly  become 
familiar  with  what  is  going  on,  hut  I  leave  it  to  your  better, 
judgment  to  decide  and  act  accordingly.  Please  let  me  hear  from 
Jou  M  soon  as  you  have  talked  with  Hr.  Edison  if  you  decide  to. 

I  have  no  interest  in  the  matter  other  than  to  further 
your  interests,  which  I  always  Btand  ready  to  do. .  I  would  !?£!*’ 
however,  inasmioh  as  I  an  handling  the^Navy  situation,  t£at  the 
water  be  not  muddied  up  in  Europe  as,  because  of  the  opposition  I 
m  meeting  from  the  Lead  Battery  interests,  I  have  8»Vto_ handle 
this  situation  very  diplomatically  find 

efforts  to  make  it  any  more  difficult  than  i.  *iu.i»nji 
Tt”sowo^  youpleaae  2rite  Bergen,  telling  him  I  am  handling  thi. 
end.  and  suggesting  that  he  Btate  this  when  approached  byrepreBen- 
tattves  of  Po reign  ftavie. .  We  of  course  expect  to  take  care  of 

handle  the  situation  from  this  end.  sincerely, 


THE  Ki-AXDK  CO.,  Ltd. 


■  111 

Warning  Signals 

JEM/ftLH  •  31,  rue  daru 


Mr.  1111-1  er  Reese  Hutchison, 

c/o.  The  Edison  Storage  Battery  C" 
(fflAWBE  N.J. 

My  dear  Hutch, 

I  lust  returned  from  London  and  in  talking  to 
a  friend  about  the  Edison  battery  he  told  me  that  he  h^  just 


fbBt  thev  were  raising  E50.000  to  purchase  from  the  States  a 
storage  battery  bus  for  London  and  make  a  demonstration  in  vies 
of  fSnl  Hirger  company  for  building  them  in  England.  By 
whatMT^Edlsan  told  us  at  the  last  interview  we  had,  X  did 
not  think  that  ha  has  authorized  anybody  fordoing  so  a»h 

sis  !as  §  sarcs  «  - 

sayThe  hS  worked  with  Edison  and  introduced  this  business, 
on  Morgan, "^Har J Is  fc^Tit^he  o~^n^||£^ 

sj^&SrXfc  «  jryS' k%ss &« 

what  Bergman  has  done  in  Germany,  and  the  son  ofMr.  Herold  is 


Yf.  M.R.  Hutohison._ 



battery  ftther1  has  =o ffarai  to  live  me  a  letter  of 

Introduction  to  him  whan  I  go  to  Bexlta.  Ttey  are  oactainiy 
fcJtorMtfid  in  -the  battery  for  'S'10  ffirdndi  market  «no  I 
w£nt  to  than  to  sholr  them  what  could  be  dene  in  oohpf&}.4#6 
the  electric  tW,otlOh  in  France.  They  lm«*  L  ^Lf’^y  ^re 
and  «h**'«rfcttod  perfectly  my  points  and  told  me  ^ 

rs.?^  ^rs*“sa*s^j 

s,«  sawi  jsvriff&zgg&m 

sl;t;*ss?  “as  s«r» . «.  >m?*4 

of  It  here  hut  they  told  me  that  this  would  not  do  as  the 
battery  would  have  to  be  manufactured  1A  Vceat*  to  ^  ame 
to  get  business  for  the  city  end  eubuxhan  llneF  aB 
the  Government,  that  they  are  coivlnoed  that  ttler®  ^ 
martlet  here  to  warrant  marufac  hiring  an  cl  they  would  beJHll^rg 
to  organize  a  company  to  that  effect  on  the  planB  f  heWre  cttt- 
linedtT  them,'  -  should  Mr  .’Edison  agree  to  it  and  makd  »e  ***> 
conditions  either  for  a  royalty  hr  for  an,  lnter^  in  the ^ 
company.'  I  am  writing  to  Ur.  Edison  a  letter,  which  X  annl6*e,. 
leaving  to  you  the  care  of  t -slicing  the  other  points  so  to 
maice  him  understand  the  necessity  for  him  to  enter  into  .an 
agreement  for  the  French  end  of  hie  business’. 

On  another  hand,  it  will  be  necessary  for  ,the  naval; 
end  of  the  business  to  have  the  battery  manufhcturedln  I^anoe 
aB  otherwise  it  would  be  impossible  to  get,  the  French  OoVern- 
ment  to  take  it  up.  Mr.  Harold  told  me  that  the  ^ermen  EdlBon 
Battery  C° had  furnished  1-  battery  for  a  French  submarine  hnt 
it  was  Impossible  far  them  to  get  another  order..  On  enotfcg? 
hand  the  duty  in  France,  which  is  not  prohibitive  now,  wouid  be 
certainly  raised  by  the’  Stench  authorities  as  soon  as  the 
battery  would  he  imported  in  large  quantities  end  Mr.  Serold 
and  Ur.  Vaddtngton  think  that  Mr.  Edison  would  ^ptjbeprabectai 
for  going  into  the  French  market  on  a  large  scale’,fSt^S)amu- 
facturing  here.,  Although  the  storage  battery  may  be i  the  beat 
thing  for  submarines  the  Frenoh  Government  will  not  buy  : it , 
except  for  a  test,  if  not  manufactured  in  France.  I  da  °™*££**> 
■  amd  Mr.  Heroid  is  also,  that  there  is  quite  an  important  business 
to  he  done  here  although  Mr.’  Edison  .did  not  think  so.  If  Mr. 
Edison  is  coming  over  here,  as  he  says,  in  July  i^011  ^ 

try  to  prepare  him  to  take  a  decision  in  this  matter  while  he 
is  here  if  you  cannot  succeed  in  having  him  to  do  so  before. 

As  to  the  Eng  11  Bh  end  of  the forage  ^exy,^'^ 

Her  old  told  me  ^  *°&iS^rim  end  that  probably  they- 

grs&f : i^ss^^ss1 * «“  «*  “  *■  “  “tuel 


X  just  reoet^d  this “£jjg*  ®f ^tte  -S  chuck  ert 

Berlin  ft  lend  saying  that  the  Direct  r^  r£&dy  for  -shipment  but 
works  telephoned  stringent  arrangements  to  not  furnish 

inasmuch  as  they  1b.  v©  very  tbevveiB  to  "be  used 

these*1 j>lrrors  for  forei^  co^trl®,  that  it 

for  optical  Proses,  they  ask  me  to  sxg^  blodcs  oUr 
will  not  be  used  would  be  practically  impossible 

entirely  end  I  can  see  that  it  w  sdcure  this  one.  I  do 

sffa  Sr-Sri  j,TS«ias  ?£* 

who  are  macing  them  for  the  Oer^g  ^  ee'e  why  they  cannot  furnish 
will  investigate  this  end.  Le  Sohuckert  people..  'Jhere  camot 
£  ^eir^B^^t^^.^e^on  the  quality  of 
the  crlstal  used. 

,  X  remain  with  kind  regards, 
Yours  sincerely. 

THE  KLAXON  CO.,  Ltd. 

Warning  Signals 

31,  RUE  DARU 

Teleorafic  Address 

I  -Jaet  cAU«t-1 b*-43ST 

»  c*.  re  your  ^cri^ge  g?*1*®**  the 

I  w»s  received  by  Jtr.  Harold  W 

pleasure  of  seeing  yod  Several 

Thay  e.r«  *ery  *t«V  «t.<A .  Jtt  W  *«|M 
that  they  ire  ye  very  pl^w*  '^  *‘e£^v®  “s  ^SatSSSb 

t  told  He  Her  old  flat  you  did  hot  5Jj*es*ase  td  rnp.wthoU^-’e 
in  yrance/tot1^  tasi«JW*tel»  *hoW  pe  that  th^r  oertaliC^r 

tor  the  city  and  Sutoartsh  «**«.«» 


££!firm  at*in  w  opinion*'  there  ie  ^ainlye^ugH  p^^ettolKr' 
developed  here  to  warrant  aaarfnc  taring  and  tb<*e  gentlemen  w?e- 
Silling  to  organi sTa.  company  with  aey  for  tefcira  off?  *** 
manufacturing  from  your  hande,  -either  on  a  royalty  or  -oh  'Sd 
interest  in.  Bald  company. 

One  of  the  moot  important  uee*r  oJJW**? Js 
te  for  submarines  J  you  tUl  therefore  see  the 
some  satisfactory  arrangement  for  the  aamf^ftare  heps*  *»  | 
tcb  told  hy  3tr.  Herold  that  the  Osman  company  had  tried  to  &et 

»  frolO  the  yjeendh.  Government  of  or-  £»*$*>  8«  TOlf' 

tffipty  a,  test  battery  and  are  tjnlfce 
older.  ft  i*  «ua  absolute  rule  in  ^wndeJW* 
eMEUff^in  aaWlfe,  <3ity  or  goVercmetafc  wottafoAs  *6  be  t>? 
Jfejwflfc  njwwjfaoture. 

I  am  nsjctoe  my  friend,  lb1.  Ktxtuhieon,  to  give  Jff't 
this  letter1  and  to  infbtsx  you  of  other  points  ybctfb 
Sv*  ^RSSrar  fhope  *you  *111  Jive 
to  the 'above  «iid  let  me  anon  ycu*  *te»w  in  tte  mtAet. 

When  you  oosje  to  W*t  JdW  ?  7fPJ^£^ 

arranged  fbr  you  ae  you  told  me,  if  you  will  mS  hnow  eaacbly 
tfceH&fa  of  yqur  nrritei  before  hand. 

Await  tog  the  pleasure  of  see  me  jfoa  again  &4  ttiptn®. 
teat  tfda.  A*B  id.  good  health,  I  ba&  to  JNMiein, 

?cwr*  dinaereiy* 

P.  MOUC AN  4b  CO. 

moiuian.guknfell  &CO. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq 
Llewellyn  Park, 
Orange , 

ITew  Jersey! 


We  are  in  receiiVPft?'l< lett«w from  our^aris  house, 
Messrs.  Morgan,  Harjes  &  Co.,  in^regardto  the^Ediao^torage  Battery. 

They  ask  us  to  ascertain  from  you  if,  and  under  mat  conditions, 
you  would  entertain  the  exploitation  of  your  patent  in  Prance.  They 
are  informed  that  you  will  he  in  Paris  in  July  next  hut  would  he  glad 
to  have  the  matter  talked  over  beforehand.. 

We  shall  he  glad  to  see  you  upon  this  subject,  should  you  he  in 
town,  or  to  hear  from  you  what  your  views  may  he  inj;he  matter. 

Yours  very  truly 







Htnrflga  B^t.t.arv.  Fa^-  5-  1901  (Olalga) 

'  l.  A  reversible  galvanlo  battery ^^“^^on^o^lt^SlSItrSdM^n 
line  electrolyte  and  enployingint  1 da  0f  niokel  or  oobalt,  oon- 

aotlve  element  consisting  of  tbe^hydrated  oxlde^or^^^  capable  jben-ub- 

tained  In  a  dosed  reoeptaolejAnaer  per  ^  a  higher  stage  of^oxl- 


l0**l .“"TrevertlblJ  ga Ivanlo  battery  °r eaoou^latoroOontaining^n 

line  eleotrolytevand  enployfngvinQtheBmaKeduPof  ^  oapable  when  aub- 


oppo«^by9an*uttablB  jJJSrSlbl#  aalaanio^ttary  or  oooijbu- 

i^U^'S^U^  OPPOM^  .  «V.abl.  olootrob.  1»  «» 

‘Mii"  ’iniSiSbi .»i x»i w"i« 

I  — — — ==_~— -  ... 

^jp^. 1 - — - ~ 


— r-—  1  1 _ - 



-  ;  Meohanloal  Construotlon,  Mav  31.  1901  (Claims) 

1.  A  reversible  galvanio  battery  of  the  type  employing  an  alka¬ 
line  electrolyte,  whose  negative  eleotrode  or  oxidizable  J® 

j  T10yofBitS  positive 

produced  re.verllbXemlalvtSio  battery  employing  perforated  receptaolea 

i  &&&*&&$&  - 

mmm mm^s^ 

panaive  and  oontraotive  ^ndenolea  of  the  active  material  tnat  y 

shaped  opening  in  a  suitable  appportlng  gri  yP  »•  th8  jjgfore- 


-  tssssipgiasisa's' 

ace's  s  *i irynfe  s?ss?a?J? 

t  sA£5«aSS££r!i  « 

\  each  oup  be  ing  1  ^=>.r[.  T., 

— - - 

!  ^  ASS  -J-fsi- L2a>R  - “  - 

./^. a3^>  W'0*.  -Zor**\  - - - 


■1  £zL  HScSt  OLL* 

WZ_  ZpA  £>jcA— jfe4j/^4  - ■ 


U  S.  B.  -  Metalllo  Magnesium  Plate 

Oct.  8.  1901.  (Claims) 

1.  An  eleotrioal  accumulator  of  the  type  employing  a  metal  in 
solution,  characterized  by  a  surface  or  plate  of  metallic  magnesium  on 
which  the  dissolved  metal  is  plated  during  the  charging  operation. 

3.  An  electrical  accumulator  employing  an  alkaline  zincate  solu¬ 
tion,  a  surface  or  plate  of  metallio  magnesium  upon  which  zinc  is  plated 
in  charging,  and  a  depolarizer  utilising  a  nickel-oxygen  or  cobalt-oxygen 

_<£ r_J 

II //i I /f/t\ 

-/3&6 6*^*  .  y  -J&fes.  I _ _ 

.  . .  So  ijf./C.  .*:<•*»  3o*°\ [ 

"■  ?/  ll  /f/A'i  PfSo  |  |l  /W.—1 

L2t~*_L  77d._«!  _  _ 

- ,{ - L - _ 



Complete  Cell.  Jan.  6,  1903  ( Claims] 

1.  A  receptacle  for  a  storage  battery,  having  horizontal  corru¬ 
gations  not  extending  to  the  oorners  of  the  receptacle  to  strengthen 
the  receptaole  against  compressing  and  expanding  strains,  substan¬ 
tially  as  set  forth. 

3.  In  a  storage  battery,  the  electrode  plates  mounted  on  in¬ 
sulating  bars  having  saw  slots  for  receiving  the  electrode  plates, 
substantially  as  set  forth. 

3.  In  a  storage  battery,  the  side  separators  having  slots  for 
receiving  the  electrode  plates  for  properly  spacing  the  latter, 
substantially  as  set  forth. 

4.  The  gastight  insulating  joint  through  whioh  passes  the  oon- 
duotor  from  the  electrode  plates,  as  shown  in  Figure  3,  substantially 
as  set  forth, 

5.  The  perforated  diaphragms  in  the  cell  above  the  solution  for 
effecting  a  separation  of  mechanically  entrained  globules  from  the 
gases  generated  when  the  charging  is  sufficient  to  cause  the  solu¬ 
tion  to  froth  or  foam  to  cover  the  diaphragm  with  a  film,  sub¬ 
stantially  as  set  forth. 

6.  The  oheok-valve  49  or  its  equivalent  for  permitting  a  gas 

pressure  to  be  created  in  an  otherwise  sealed  receptacle  for  stor¬ 
age  batteries  and  to  automatically  permit  of  a  discharge  of  the 
gasea  and  mechanically  entrained  globules  at  such  a  high  velocity 
as  to  overcome  the  surface  tension  of  a  liquid  film  to  cause  the 
globules  to  coalesce  therewith  and  be  thereby  separated  from  the 
esoaping  gases,  substantially  as  set  forth.  t 

7.  The  gauze  surface  53  or  its  equivalent,  through  which  the 
escaping  gases  paaB  and  by  which  oxidation  of  the  gases  within  the 
cell  is  overcome,  substantially  as  set  forth. 

8.  The  deflector  53  for  diffusing  or  attenuating  the  gases 
before  their  discharge  through  the  gauze  diaphragm,  substantially 

aS  9?  The  insulating  separating  sheets  37  between  the  electrodes 
with  perforations  arranged  in  lines  between  the  masses  of  aotive 
material,  substantially  as  set  forth.  .  . 

10.  Making  the  pockets  or  receptacles  for  containing  the  active 
material  with  ooncaved  walls,  substantially  as  set  forth. 

11.  Securing  the  mass  or  briquette  of  active  material  within  one 

of  the  sections  of  the  top  pockets  or  receptacles  by  a  turned-over  edge 
of  the  latter  direotly  engaging  the  active  material,  substantially 

“la!1’  fThehorate  or  tray  containing  a  plurality  of  storage  batteries 
meohanioally  held  therein  and  insulated  from  each  other  both  at  tne 
top  and  bottom,  substantially  as  set  forth. 

13.  The  insulating  locks  66,  as  shown  in  Figure  11,  for  holding 
the  oells  in  position  within  the  orate  or  tray  and  for  insulating 
them  at  their  upper  ends,  substantially  as  set  forth. 

14.  The  multiple  compressing  dies,  as  shown  in  Figures  5  $o  17, 
employing  a  layer  of  yielding  “on-compressible  material  like  rubber 
between  the  press  plunger  and  the  independent  dies  for  applying  a 
uniform  pressure  to  all  dies  without  affecting  the  capacity  of  the 
dies  to  move  independently  of  one  another,  substantially  as  set 

f°15^*  An  oxidizable  eleotrode  on  discharge  for  a  storage  battery, 
containing  in  its  makeup  electrolytioally-active  cobalt  or  oxide 

thereof,  tha  iron,  cobalt  or  0  thero  xi  di  z  ab  le  ®^t er- 

ial  on  discharge,  in  a  storage  battery  using  an  alkaline  eleotrolyte, 
a  readily  reducible  metal,  such  as  mercury  or  copper  or  silver,  or 
a  combination  of  mercury  and  copper  and  silver,  or  of  mercury  and 
oopper,  or  of  mercury  and  silver,  or  of  copper  and  silver,  for  the 
purpose  of  preserving  eleotrical  contaot  between  the  »»«» 
as  well  as  to  permit  the  eleotrode  to  sustain  a  high  voltage  through 
the  whole  period  of  discharge,  substantially  as  set  forth 




florrueated  Can.  June  15.  1903  (Claims) 

in  the  sidea  of  the  vessel,  by  displacing  the  metal,  said  oarru 
(rations  are  formed  in  the  sides  of  the  vessel,  by  displacing  the 
metal  said  corrugations  being  looated  vrithin  the  corners  so  as 
not  to  extend  continuously  around  the  | 

obtained  of  minimum  weight  and  of  great  strength,  to  resist  bulging 
and  compressing  strains,  as  set  forth. 






. _ . . . 

j _ _ 

If- — 



- - - . - . • . 

• - - 


!  - 



\ - - — 

— ■ 



t - 

i  ■  .......  _ _ _ ,  % 



g+nrap»  Battery.  Addition  _to  JLolio.136  (Claims) 

pressure  on  the  same,  whether  it  expands  or  contracts. 



1.  A  storage  battery  employing  an  alkaline  or  acid 
electrolyte  with  appropriate  active  ®atfjials,  and  characterized 
in  that  the  gases  which  are  generated  within  the  electrolyte  and 
which  carry  mechanically  entrained  globules  are  caused  to  be  pro¬ 
jected,  either  within  the  oell  or  outside  of  the  same .against  a 
liquid  film  with  such  velocity  as  to  overcome  the  surface  teni Globules 
of  the  liquid  film  to  thereby  cause  the  meclianloally  entrained jlobulea 
to  coalesoe  with  the  film  and  thus  become  separated  from  the  escaping 
gases,  substantially  as  and  for  the  purposes  set  forth. 

S.  A  storage  battery  designed  to  permit  of  the  performance 
of  the  operations  recited  in  Claim  1,  characterized  in  that  a  vent 
from  an  otherwise  completely  sealed  receptacle  is  normally  closed  by 
a  weighted  valve,  permitting  a.  periodical  dlachfe«  at  high  velocity 
of  the  gases  and  entrained  globules  into  contact  with  a  deposited 
liquid  film,  as  and  for  the  purposes  set  forth. 

3.  A  storage  battery  employing  either  an  acid J^/ihe^ene r~ 
eleotrolyte  and  appropriate  active  materials  and  wherein  the  g 
ation  of  explosive  gases  is  effected,  characterized  in  that  the  Bases 
arepermittedto  esoape  from  the  receptacle  through  a  gauze  °r  ®quiva- 
lentP cooling  medium  in  a  diffused,  attenuated  and  non-explosive 
ditibn,  substantially  as  and  for  the  purposes  set  forth. 

4  A  storage  battery  designed  for  the  performance  of  the 
operation  refitedgfn  Claim’s,  characterized  in  that  an  escape  from 
an  otherwise  sealed  can  or  receptacle  is  provided,  having  a  aeiieovor 


and  attenuated  gases  pass,  as  and  for  the  purposes  set  forth. 

5  A  storage  battery  designed  to  permit  of  the  performance 
of  the  operations  recited  in  Claim  1,  characterized  in  that  a  per¬ 
forated  diaphragm  is  arranged  within  the  receptacle  above  the  1 

of  the  electrolyte,  so  that  when  frothing  takes  place 

iHxairaHgadxwiltkiHxthsxxsaaptaBjaxakHxaxtkBxisJtHlxsf  xihsxKisKtxa^ytax 

.axihatxiksn  the  diaphragm  will  be  covered  with  a  film  of  solution 
to  seal'  the  perforations  therein  and  permit  the  pressure  of  gas  to 
accumulate  beneath  it,  substantially  as  set  forth. 




form  of 
caved,  s 
axis  the 


one  of 
as  and 






Concaved  Pooket.  Jan.  6.  1903  (Claims) 

An  electrode  of  the  type  wherein  the  active  mass  in  the 
briquettes  is  received  within  sectional  metallic  pockets 
in  position  within  the  openings  of  a  plate  or  grid,  char- 

d  in  that  eaoh  pocket. or  reoeptacle  is  longitudinally  con-  , 

o  that  the  line  of  minimum  thickness  of  the  active  mass  [ 

is  substantially  coincident  with  the  oentral  longitudinal 

reof,  aB  and  for  the  purposes  set  forth.  ; 

An  electrode  as  recited  in  claim  1,  characterized  in  that  j 

he  seotions  of  eaoh  pocket  is  independently  locked  upon  the 
d  briquette  and  is  in  turn  locked  within  the  other  section, 
or  the  purposes  set  forth. 

A  mode  of  constructing  electrodes  having  the  peculiarities 
in  Claims  1  and  2  above,  characterized  in  that  the  sectional  j 

or  receptacles  are  first  subjected  to  the  aotion  of  smooth 
r  and  crimping  dies,  and  are  subsequently  subjected  to  the 
f  corrugating  dies,  as  and  for  the  purposes  set  forth. 

_ . _ _ 






I  *  - 


i  ;; . 











|  (>  Multiple  Compressing  Dies.  Jan.  5.  1903, (OlaimB) 


!  1.  Multiple  compreBBing  dies  for  imposing  a  uniform  pressure 

on  a  series  of  articles  which  may  vary  in  thickness,  characterized 
;  in  that  between  the  independently  mounted  dies  and  the  press  member 

!  or  other  moving  part  to  whioh  pressure  is  applied  is  interposed  a 

mass  of  yielding  but  non-compressible  material  like  rubber,  so  that 
all  the  dies  will  be  subjected  to  an  identical  pressure,  while  being 
free  to  adjust  themselves  to  accommodate  variations  in  the  thickness 
of  the  articles  on  which  they  operate,  as  and  for  the  purposes 
set  forth.  . 

0  . 


^ _ 



■ - 

30.* t 




-  L 

/<*  f 

( . 



Cobalt  Electrode.  Jan.  6.  1903  (Claims) 

1.  The  construction  of  the  oxidizable  pole  on  discharge  of  a 
reversible  galvanio  battery  employing  an  alkaline  eleotrolyte, 
characterized  in  that  the  active  oxidizable  material  -consists  of 
oxide  of  cobalt  in  a  discharged  condition,  which  is  eleotrolytically 
reducible  by  a  charging  current,  as  set  forth.  .... 

3.  A  reversible  galvanio  battery  employing  an  alkaline  elec¬ 
trolyte  and  having  an  oxidizable  element  as  recited  in  claim  1, 
characterized  in  that  the  depolarizing  material  consists  of  an 
eleotrolytl'oally  aotive  oompound  of  nickel,  as  set  forth 

4P  . 


- - 



'  i! - 







. j| .  : 

;!~1r . 

i!  || 




Cleaning  Metalllo  SurfaoeB.Deo.  10,  1904,  (Claims) 

1.  The  process  herein  deaorihed  of  cleaning  metallic  surfaces, 

preliminary  to  the  application  of  a  permanent  coating  of  metal  or 
other  material  thereon,  said  process  consisting  in  opposing  the 
articles  as  a  cothode  in  an  eleotro lytic  hath,  to  an  anode  not  attack¬ 
ed  by  electrolysis  in  the  solution,  whereby  hydrogen  gas  will  be 
developed  on  the  surface  or  surfaces  to  be  cleaned,  to  meohanloally 
strip  off  impurities  therefrom.  ..  . 

2.  Carrying  out  the  method  above  reoited  with  a  solution 
cyanide  of  potassium,  and  anodes  composed  of  pure  carbon,  substantially 
as  and  for  the  purposes  set  forth. 

3.  The  general  process  for  cleaning  metallic  surfaces  herein  de¬ 
scribed.^  appaEatua  for  carrying  out  the  improved  method  as  described 
in  the  foregoing  specification  and  illustrated  in  the  accompanying 

-7-  J  -w  .  I  !| 

|  y,  .  |  £***1 

2 vtrrliut, 


VWa-o  | 


./jff.  r.o-\ 




V2%«'  | 




I  "  F 


. ii  ■ . 

j'7  “7 1' 
i _ 1 







Electroplating  Apparatus.  Deo.  10,  1904  .(Claims). 

1,  In  a  continuous  plating  apparatus  of  the  character  described, 
the  combination  of  a  support,  means  for  sustaining  and  moving  a  atrip 
to  be  plated  with  respect  to  said  support,  a  plating  bath  in  which  the 
strip  is  normally  submsrged  and  means  for  raising  and  lowering  said 
support,  substantially  as  set  forth.  .  ... 

3.  In  a  continuous  plating  apparatus  of  the  character  described, 
the  combination  of  a  support,  means  for  sustaining  and  moving  the  strip 
to  be  plated  with  respect  to  said  support,  oleaning  and.  plating  baths 
in  which  the  strip  is  normally  submerged  and  through  which  it  passes 
successively,  and  means  for  raising  and  lowering  said  support,  sut>- 
Btantially  as  set  forth.  • 

3.  In  a  continuous  plating  apparatus  of  the  character  described, 
the  combination  of  a  support,  means  for  sustaining  and  moving  the  strip 
with  respeot  to  said  support,  a  oleaning  tank,  a  cold  water 

plating  tank  in  which  the  atrip  is  normally  submerged  and  through  which 
it  passes  successively,  and  means  for  raising  and  lowering  said  sup¬ 
port,  substantially  as  set  forth.  . _ .  j 

4.  tn  a  continuous  plating  apparatus  of  the  character  described, 
the  combination  of  a  support,  means  for  sustaining  and  moving  the  strip 
to  be  plated  with  respeot  to  said  support,  a  plating  tank  a^d  hot  water 
tank,  in  which  the  strip  is  normally  submerged  aad  through  which  it 
passes  successively,  and  means  for  raising  and  lowering  said  suppor  , 
aubatantially^a8^n^^ou^  £lating  appaxatus  of  the  character  described, 
the  combination  of  a  support,  means  for  sustaining  and  moving  ^0strip 
relatively  to  the  support,  a  oleaning  tank  in  which  the  atrip 

ly  submerged,  means  for  raising  and  lowering  the  strip,  add  an  occluding 
chamber  carried  by  the  support  and  normally  submerged  in  the  solution, 

substantially^as^set^forth.^^^  apparatus  of  the  oharacter  deacribed, 
the  combination  of  a  cold  water  tank,  a  support,  means  for  sustaining 
and  moving  the  strip  to  be  plated  relatively  to  the  WPPort.  * for 
raising  and  lowering  the  strip  relatively  to  *£*  *“]'» 
above  the  tank  for  washing  the  strip,  substantially  as  set  forth. 

7.  In  a  continuous  plating  apparatus  of the  character  described, 
the  combination  of  a  cold  water  tank,  a  support,  meanB  for  sustaining 
and  moving  the  strip  to  be  plated  relatively  to  the  support,  means  for 
raising  and  lowering  the  strip  relatively  to  said  tank,  and  sprays  above 
the  tank  for  washing  the  strip,  before  and  after  leaving  same,  su 
stantially^ae^set^f orth^  plating  apparatus  of  the  ^^^^K^h^strip 

the  combination  of  a  support,  means  ^sustaining  and  moving^the^trip 

«» .**»  *■*»- 

mediate  of  tbe  Tf  ol.r.ct.r  described. 

over  which  runs  the  strip  to  be  and  connections  between  said 

motor  and  one  of  said  pulleys,  substantially  a0Bet  forth  dascribedi 

10.  In  a  continuous  plating  apparatus  of  the  character  descriDea, 
the  combination  of  a  support,  means  for  sustaining  and  moving  the  strip 
to  be  plated  with  respect  to  the  support,  a  hot  7a*ef.  after 

strip  is  normally  submerged  and  a  spray  for  washing  the  strip  after 
leaving  the  hot  water  tank,  substantially  aB  as^forth.  dasoribad, 

ll!  In  a  continuous  plating  apparatus  of  the  char acter  described, 
the  combination  of  a  support,  means  for  sustaining  and  mcving  the  strip 

set  forth. 


13.  In  apparatus  for  continuously  drying  a  long  moving  strip 
of  metal  in  a  continuous  plating  apparatus,  the  combination  of  two 
rollers  over  which  the  strip  passes,  means  for  moving  the  strip  with 
respect  to  said  rollers,  means  for  applying  ourrent  to  said  rollers 
to  include  the  section  of  the  strip  between  them  in  the  circuit  and 
means  for  adjusting  the  rollers  with  respect  to  each  other  to  regu¬ 
late  the  length  of  the  heated  section,  substantially  as  set  forth. 

13.  In  a  continuous  plating  apparatus  of  the  character  described, 
the  combination  of  a  plating  bath,  a  series  of  hangers  immersed  there¬ 
in  and  over  which  the  strip  to  be  plated  passes  and  insulating  guide 
bars  carried  by  said  hangers  for  guiding  the  strip,  substantially  as 

14.  *In  a  continuous  plating  apparatus  of  the  character  described, 

the  combination  of  a  support,  a  bracket  carried  by  the  support,  an 
idler  mounted  on  said  bracket  and  over  which  the  strip  to  be  plated 
passes  and  removable  contaot  brushes  oarried  by  the  support  and  making 
contact  with  the  strip  on  each  side  of  the  idler,  substantially  as  set 
forth.  ,  ^  ^ 

15.  In  a  continuous  plating  apparatus,  the  combination  of  a 
sustaining  beam,  a  plating  bath,  means  for  supporting  the  strip  to  be 
plated  with  respect  to  the  beam,  a  take  up  reel  to  which  the  strip  is 
applied,  a  motor,  and  frictional  connections  between  the  motor  and  said 
take-up  reel,  substantially  as  set  forth. 

16.  In  a  continuous  plating  apparatus,  the  combination  of  a  sus¬ 
taining  beam,  a  plating  bath,  means  for  supporting  the  strip  to  be 
plated  with  respeot  to  the  beam,  a  take-up  reel  to  which  the  strip  1b 
applied,  a  motor,  and  adjustable  frictional  connections  between  the  motor 
and  said  take  up  reel,  substantially  as  set  forth. 




“  ~  ; 

--  i 



_ _ 




. .  . .  "  ■ 












Storage  Battery.  Deo.  10.  1904  (Claims) 

1.  A  receptacle  for  etorage  batteries  provided  with  welded  seams, 
whereby  a  practioally  homogeneous  structure  is  obtained. 

3*  A  receptacle  as  recited  in  Claim  1>  whose  sides  are  formed  witn 
depressed  panels,  so  that  any  bulging  therein  will  not  extend  substantial¬ 
ly  beyond  the  line  of  the  side  edges. 

3.  A  battery  employing  an  alkaline  electrolyte  and  insoluble  act¬ 
ive  materials,  provided  with  a  valve  by  means  of  which  meohanioally  en¬ 
trained  globules  are  separated  from  the  esoaping  gases,  said  valve 
being  formed  preferably  of  glass  and  made  hollow,  so  as  to  float,  where¬ 
by  the  valve  will  remain  open  so  long  as  any  liquid  may  remain  in  the 

valve  oa®^n^1;teriea  of  the  character  herein  described  the  provision 
of  the  valve  like  cover  on  the  valve  oasing  for  excluding  dust  and 
dirt,  and  at  the  same  time  permitting  gas  to  escape  therefrom,  as 

described^  Matter iee  of  the  character  herein  described  the  employment  of 
bismuth  hydroxide  as  an  addition  to  nickel  hydroxide  whereby  the  capac¬ 
ity  of  the  depolarizing  mass  will  be  increased.  .... 

6.  A  storage  battery  employing  an  alkaline  electrolyte,  positive 
electrodes  containing  nickel  hydroxide  and  negative  electrodes  contain¬ 
ing  finely  divided  iron  or  an  oxygen  compound  of  iron,  said  electrodes 
being  formed  of  perforated  pockets,  all  of  substantially  the  same  capacity 
and  the  nickel  electrodes  being  arranged  in  pairs,  whereby  the  mass  of 
nickel  employed  will  be  substantially  equal  to  twioe  that  of  iron. 

7.  In  batteries  of  the  character  herein  described  the  diamond  shaped 
separators  for'  spacing  the  adjacent  positive  and  negative  electrodes, 
formed  by  cutting  seotions  from  a  layer  of  insulating  material. 

8.  Supporting  one  or  more  etorage  batteries  in  a  crat0  °r  tray, 
by  engaging  insulated  plugs  oarried  by  the  crate  or  tray  with  integral 
bosses  formed  on  the  sides  of  the  batteries,  as  Bet  forth. 

9.  The  special  treatment  of  the  depolarizing  mass  and  preferably 
the  negative  mass,  also,  of  a  storage  battery  employing  an  alkaline  el¬ 
ectrolyte,  consisting  in  connecting  the  electrode  or  electrodes  as 
cathodes  opposed  to  an  insoluble  anode  and  in  passing  a^discharging 

situ  within  the  aotive  mass  or  masses  to  drive  out  insoluble  impurities 
therefrom  into  the  eleotrolyte  which  can  then  be  poured  off,  as  de 

80 10 The  improved  storage  batteries  herein  described,  and  as  shown 
in  the  accompanying  drawings. 

/?'?  :i 


|  ->&■*>- 




1  0  Electro 

battery,  employing  a 
nickel,  mixed  with  a 
flake  graphite,  or  o 
characterized  in  tha 
added  to  the"  active 
of  the  nickel  compou 
and  for  the  purposes 

dg  Bismuth  an 

ng  or  positiv 
s  the  aotive 
.  flake- like  i 
therwiae  made 
.t  a  small  pro 
mass  either  a 
tnd  or  aubsequ 
i  set  forth. 


d  Nickel 

e  mass  f< 
nert  com 
of  the  ; 
tent  to  t 


,  Deo.  10.  1904  (Claim) 

er  an  alkaline  storage 
,  an  oxygon  oompound  of 
ducting  material,  such  as 
proper  conducting  oapaoity, 
of  bismuth  hydroxide  is 
ously  with  the  preoipitation 
he  production  thereof,  as 


//i  X.S* 

_ ^<6^ _ 



I  1* 





=L_  _ 

; _ 




p:v:/.  - :::  - 


| _ 


Storage  /Battery  Carrier.  Dao.  10.  1904  (Claims) 

»  or  more  storage  batteries,  having  a  tray  or 
orate  in  wmon  xne  oakeries  are  raoeived  and  provided  with  ends,  sub¬ 
stantially  horizontal  top  members,  and  with  a  bottom  member  on 
the  batteries  are  received,  and  from  which  they  are  insulated,  |Mrao 
terlzed  in  that  each  of  the  batteries  is  provided  on 
with  ~a~~ boss  or  projection  with  which  engages  a  recessed  insulating 
plug  carried  by  the  corresponding  side  members  of  the  orate 
whereby  each  battery  will  be  rigidly  supported  at  its  i upper  en¬ 

tirely  independent  of  each  other,  as  and  for  the  purposes  set  forth. 


r  \ 


which  a 
cause  th 
in  that 
the  solu 
the  purp 


claim  1, 
1  cover  fo 

dose  th 
by  the 

j  set  for- 

A  g 
le  an 
is  s 
e  esc 
the  v 

A  g 
ir  the 
te  val 
as  pr 

Gas  SeDarators.  Deo.  10.  1904  (Claims) 

as  separator  for  storage  batteries  of  the  type  in 
ating  valve  is  employed,  adapted  to  seal  the  battery 
d  permit  a  gas  pressure  to  develop  therein,  which 
uddenly  released  by  the  opening  of  the  valve  to 
aping  gas  to  be  projected  against  a  liquid  film, to 
*>+«  Ant-Minn*  liquid  globules  therefrom,  characterized 
alve  is  of  such  a  construction  as  to  float  on,  or  in 
which  may  accumulate  in  the  valve  casing,  as  and  for 
set  forth. 

as  separator  for  storage  batterieB  as  set  forth  in 
as  a  supplement  or  addition  thereto,  the  valve*-like 
casing,  having  a  limited  movement  adapted  to  normally 
ve  casing  to  exclude  foreign  matter,  but  to  be  opened 
essure  within  the  casing,  as  and  for  the  purposes 

1  II  ll  ll^-.ll 





_ - 


/  <r«j 

' — 


Ao'"  4/a.<w| 

i - — 









Prooess  of  Treating  Alkaline  Batteries,  Deo.  10,  1904  (Claims) 

1.  Process  of  treating  storage  batteries  of  the  type  described, 
employing  a  depolarizing  or  positive  mass  and  of  a  nickel  oxygen  com¬ 
pound,  for  removal  of  soluble  impurities  thereform,  characterized 
in  that  the  depolarizing  mass  and  preferably  the  negative  mass  also, 
are  opposed  in  an  alkaline  solution  to  a  suitable  anode  and  sub¬ 
jected  to  a  reverse  charge  whereby  the  solution  will  be  heated  and 
hydrogen  gas  will  be  developed  in  the  active  mass  or  masses  to 
thereby  foroe  the  soluble  impurities  out  into  the  solution,  as 
set  forth. 

3.  In  carrying  out  the  method  reotted  in  claim  1,  the 
utilization  of  the  battery  receptacleBnas  the  anode  and  enclosing 
the  same  with  a  layer  of  asbestos,  or  similar  material  to  reduce 
the  dissipation  of  heat,  as  set  forth. 



— y 

3  0*2 

7  7- 





s,n.„ga  Battery, 

-  ^  ^ _ a«>J 

1.  A  .*>>«.  WW  of  u»  2S,jS»»Srffi«£  El 
pounds  of  iron  and  niakel  a®  *  mad8  of  Bhest  metal  and  immersed 
perforated  pockets  or  receptacles,  i «  ■" s”  all  of  said  pockets 
in  an  alkaline  solution, _the  °^°^tfir?zed  |n  that  the  nickel  elec- 
being  substantially  the  same,  c^|_t_i__t  Beparators  between  them, 
trodes  are  arranged  in  pairs  w  *  8d  betwsen  adjacent  pairs  of 
and  a  single  iron  electrode  is  arrang^^  &nd  maintained  out  of 

S2triS°SSS5t*S.i!SS, »  ■>< »» «»  pw»  “*  for*h- 

etpg?s&Js  ai.2r.Sip:lss  r 

sheet  of  insulating  material,  ae  set  forth. 

_  lx,  I?  li^lL  ,  ■ 



1.  A  sheet  metal  receptaole  for  storage  batteries,  character¬ 
ized  in  that  the  joint  between  the  body  of  the  receptacle  and  the 
top  thereof,  and  preferably  also,  the  other  joints  formed  in  the 
make-up  of  the  reoeptaole,  are  welded  to  result  practically  in  a 
one  pieoe  article,  whereby  said  joints  will  not  be  affected  by  the 

3.  A  storage  battery  receptaole  having  welded  joints  as 
set  forth  in  Claim  1,  characterized  in  that  the  side  faces  are 
each  formed  with  a  depreaaO d  ipane 1 ,  as  and  for  the  purposes  set 




— /-/ 


Eleotrode ■  Jan.  35, 

X.  Nickel-oxygen  combinations  and  additions  of  higher  oon- 
ductively  containing  electrode  for  accumulators  with  alkaline 
electrolyte,  characterized  by  this  that  the  active  material  which 
is  highly  compressed,  but  provided  with  fine  channels,  is  included 
in  tubes  with  perforated  walla. 

S.  Process  for  manufacturing  eleotrodes  in  accordance  with 
Claim  1,  characterized  by  this  that  the  active  mass  which  in  known 
manner  is  on  the  one  hand  intermixed  with  a  mft®r^J-3J^®^gt,^ositv 
conductivity  and  on  the  other  hand  for  producing  sufficient  porosity 
with  a  substance  to  be  washed  out  later  on,  for  instance,  glucose  or 
molasses,  is  stamped  into  tube-like  perforated  receptacles. 




by  thi 
!  therea 

with  a 
tion  o 

l  2- 

that  t 
j acted 


i>uf  Divl 

Process  of  manufao 
o  electrode  masses 
of  cobalt  or  of  al 
that  the  flake-me 
'ter  separated  from 
suitable  solvent, 
alytic  preoipitatic 
.c  coating  whioh  ie 
f  the  flake-metal. 

Process  in  accord 
he  cobalt-flakes  a 
to  high  heat  in  a 

nion  Folio  413  (Claims) 

turing  metal  flakes  adapted  to  be  ad- 
.  especially  process  of  manufacturing 
loys  of  cobalt  and  nickel,  characterized 
tal  is  electrolytically  precipitated  and 
the  cathode,  carrying  it  by  treating 
the  oathode  forming  the  carrier  for  the 
n  being  provided  for  this  purpose  with  a 
soluble  in  the  bath  used  for  the  separa¬ 
te  with  Claim  1,  characterized  by  thiB 
fter  breaking  up  to  suitable  size  are  sub¬ 
hydrogen  atmosphere, 

l|  „  1 

_  =  - 


. — 

_ ... _ 

j - 



J  Electrode-  Jan.  25.  1906  (Clalma) 

1.  An  electrode  element  for  a  storage  battery  employing  an  alka¬ 
line  electrolyte,  comprieing  a  tubular  perforated  a°arde*°™a^?  P°oket 
containing  a  highly  oompreseed  mass  of  active  material,  Pro£arab:;y 
hickel  hydroxide,  admixed  with  metallic  cond.-a.o-bing  fla-lcee,  the  p: res sure 
applied  being  sufficient  to  oruah  or  deform  the  active  partioles  so  as 
to  enormously  increase  the  area  of  contact  of  the  same  with  the  con¬ 
ducting  flakes,  and  the  degree  of  consolidation  of  the  mass  . 

sufficient  to  prevent  relative  shifting  of  the  active  particles  and 
conducting  flakes  in  use,  as  herein  set  forth.  .  = nsim 

3.  The  combination  with  an  eleotrode  element  as  claimed  in  Claim 
1,  of  the  cups  or  diaphragmsherein  described  for  engaging  the  ends  of 
the  oompressed  active  mass  to  maintain  tbe  Pra!aare..tb®r®??V  ^voduoed 

3.  An  electrode  element  as  claimed  in  Claim  1  in.wh*°hJ;®.|P,°duo 
within  the  active  mass  a  net  work  of  circulating  chaan®?;®  by  app^^|_ 
to  the  active  particles  a  sticky  material,  such  as  S^cose 

by  which  the  conducting  flakes  are  oaused  to  adh«®  *ha 

and  removing  the  sticky  material  after  the  consolidating  pressure  has 

been  applied  to  the  mass,  as  set  forth.  „,a+m.ial 

4.  Applying  an  enormous  tamping  pressure  to  the  active  material 
by  introducing  the  aotive  material  in  very  small  increments  within 
tubular  non-deformable  pockets  and  permitting  a  weighted  plunger  to  fall 
one  or  more  times  upon  each  increment,  as  set  forth. 

5.  The  strengthening  rings  engaging  the.^bula^ , 

pockets  and  maintained  in  position  by  rea9°"°^^®1f^!i*  Assure, 
of  the  pockets,  due  to  the  application  of  the  consolidating  pressure, 

as  set  forth.^  eleotrode  element  „  claimed  in  Claim  1,  the 

of  flakes  of  cobalt  or  cobalt-nickel .alloy  in  admixture  with  the  active 

Wa00’7,  The  improved  eleotrode  for  storage  batteries  herein  described 
and  illustrated  in  the  accompanying  drawing. 

„ _ _  |; 

i _ *62.3. 

»  ft**- 

r/.  +o 






-  r  1 



1  -f-  -! 

-  4— 

_ 1;.. 



Making  Metallic  Films  or  Flakes,  Jan.  35,  1906  (Claims) 

1.  The  process  herein  described  of  making  metalllo  films  for  use 
with  active  materials  in  alkaline  storage  batteries,  whioh  consists  in 
first  depositing  upon  a  suitable  oathode,  a  film  of  a  soluble -metal,, 
preferably  zlno,  then  in  depositing  on  euoh  film,  a  film  of  the  desired 
metal,  preferably  cobalt  or  oobalt-nlokel  alloy,  and  finally,  in  dis¬ 
solving  the  first  deposited  film  so  as  to  free  the  permanent  film,  as 

3.  The  supplementary  process  herein  described,  consisting  in 
breaking  lip  and  sizing  films  made  aooordlng  to  the  process  olalmed  in 
Claim  1  and  subjecting  them  to  an  annealing  temperature  in  a  hydrogen  at¬ 
mosphere,  as  herein  set  forth. 

3.  The  process  for  making  metallic  films  for  use  with  aotlve  mater¬ 
ials  in  alkaline  storage  batteries  as  set  forth  and  described  in  the  fore¬ 
going  specification.  I 

/ZtSvUU* ...  ../?>* 

‘■fys  /f*-/ 



/ 1  A-* 

3 02*. 

3  o«  •</>*•*-» 

J  0," 

. . ;d 

|  £3*ji  L  t  fMt. 

j  J>f,  0rl>  \ 

d.  -  /»-■)•** 

i  >y.  v-0  j 


!  _ 1 


!  1 _ IL  .. 


j  - - j 

_ _ _ _ 




1.  A 

lyte,  the  a 
scales,  fll 
set  forth, 


Electrode.  Jan.  25,  1906  (Claims) 

n  active  mass  for  storage  batteries  having  an 

ctive  particles  of  which  are  intimately  associated  with  flakes, 
ms  or  foils  of  metallic  cobalt,  or  cobalt-nickel  alloy,  as 




If.  tl 


~7T _ 

4  33-^ 




-  - 

_  - 



! - 

L _ _ _  _ 







Eleotrode.  Jan.  35.  1906.  (Claims) 

1.  An  active  mass  for  storage  batteries,  employing  alkaline  electro¬ 
lytes,  said  active  mass  comprising  relatively  Particles  of  anelec- 

trolytlcally  active  material  such  as  niokel  hydroxide,  said  particles  being 
odated  with  scales,  flakes  or  foils  of  conducting  material,  and  the  whole 
being  compressed  so  that  the  conducting  flakes  will  present  a  net-work  of 
conductors  extending  in  all  directions  through  the  mass,  as  Articles 

2.  The  process  herein  described  of  coating  relatively  large  particles 
of  nickel  hydroxide  or  other  active  material,  with  scales,  flakes  or  foils 

«ss  sse  r  £  r 

of  the  conducting  flakes,  scales  or  foils,  and  in  continuing  the  mixing^ 
until  the  conducting  flakes,  scales  c 

■  foils 

i  caused  to  adhere  to  the 

3,  *UThe° supplementary  prooess,  consisting  in  dissolving  th®  sticky 
material  out  of  the  mass  after  the  latter  has  been  compressed  in  position 

•uhi5.  r«v.  ...... 


0  . 


Fi>r~ ij 

:  ~  J}7  _ 

_ _ -  .... 

, 3/.<h> 


[  "  s  J 

7  7 

_ _ _ _ _ 

_ _ _ _ _ 

L  . 


. . 

1 . 






Edison-Avlsworth,  Electrode.  Jan.  35,  1906  (Claims) 

1.  In  storage  batteries  employing  an  alkaline  electrolyte,  an  el¬ 
ectrode  element  therefor,  comprising  a  perforated  non-deformable  holder* 
containing  a  compressed  mass  of  an  active  material  consisting  or  nickel 
hydroxide,  intimately  associated  with  conducting  flakes  or  soales,  formed 
of  cobalt  or  cobalt-nickel  alloy,  as  herein  set  forth. 

3.  An  electrode  for  storage  batteries  employing  an  alkaline  elec¬ 
trolyte  and  comprising  a  sheet  metal  grid  or  support,  having  one  or  more 
openings  therein,  within  which  are  carried  side  by  side,  a 
electrode  elements,  each  of  which  consists  of  a  perforated  non-deformable 
tube  closed  and  flattened  at ’its.  endevand  secured  to  the  grid  at  its 
flattened  ends,  and  containing  under  pressure  an  active  material,  sucn 
as  nickel  hydroxide,  intimately  mixed  with  conducting  flakes  or  scales 
preferably  of  cobalt  or  cobalt-nickel  alloy,  as  set  forth. 

3,  An  electrode  element  made  of  thin  sheet  iron  or  nickel, 
plated  on  both  sides,  of  tubular  form,  having  overlapping  edges  and 
suitable  perforated,  the  ends  being  dosed  by  compressing  and  folding, 
substantially  as  herein  Bhown  and  described. 

4.  A  storage  battery  electrode  substantially  s 
and  shown  in  the  accompanying  drawings. 

I  herein  set  forth 


sfsffiiS'Jff’SSa $2&rixn :s  j si 
eas.s!S5yaa js  Z&xzs*  s  »rd»  S  s  ». 

material  therein,  and  then  to  be  released  so  as  to  drop  and  thereby  give 
to  each  increment  uniform  tamping  blows,  as  herein  set  forth. 

3.  The  means  herein  described  for  operating  the  tamping  plungers, 
nmrmrisine  a  rotating  shaft  or  drum  having  a  series  of  teeth  adapted  to 
engage  a  toothed  raok  on  each  of  the  plungers  and,  when ^^nrefer- 
suoh  engagement,  to  permit  the  plungers  to  fall  ^  6**^1 ty  and  prefer 
ably  in  rapid  succession,  whereby  the  plungers  will  deliver  uniform 
,„ping  d„orlb.d  Jo,  tb.  0| 

the  feed  and  tamping  mechanism  when  a  predetermined  number  of^orements 
have  been  introduced  into  the  tube  or  tubes,  consisting  of  a  tripping 
device  meohanioally  oo-ordinated  with  the  tamping  and  feed  mhuHi 
and  arranged  to  control  the  operation  of  the  belt  shifting  device, 

set  f^th-Tha  improved- tube  filling  and  tamping  machine  substantially  as 
described  herein  and  illustrated  in  the  accompanying  drawings. 

_ . _ _ ~— 


- - - 


*»  16,701  Metallic  M'  WM 

1.  The  proooee  of  leaking  ^^^In^ooppet^^^aultehle  oathode, 
nickel  alloy,  which  con®J;®t®  ™6r  film^film  of  cobalt  or  cobalt-nickel 
in  then  depositing  on  the  °°PP®r2;  00r,T>er  from  the  cobalt  or  cobalt- 
alloy,  and  in  finally  wparating  the  copper  ”  of  oyanide  of  potawsium 
nickel  either  by  direct  treatment  J°J“j£le  copper  salt,  which  is 

or  by  first  converting  the  oopper  invo  a  i f  th. 
dissolved  in  a  solvent  }?£”}  flakes  of  cobalt  or  cobalt- 

3.  The  process  of  making  films  r  euitable  cathode, 

nickel  alloy,  which  consists  in  electroplating^  ^  oobalt-niokel, 
alternating  film?  °f  .^^will bePobtained  which  when  rem0™d  fr°m J^e 

s  :iST.£St*sn$^ 

■«“.*«?  a.UStdt'KIi'U  «  cobalt-nickel,  a. 

‘‘"•V’tS'iJso...  o»  ~k‘»6  °,rs2Sfi,.£5i*Sl2S1fStt  i» 

loy,  which  oonsists  in  first  Producing  a  £ares  of  the  desired  sine  and 

Claim  3,  in  then  out  ting  •aKJ “^6  either  directly  or  indirectly 

Sufi  “Jy1S.SSf l2lSS»  of  cyanide  of  pota.el-,  «>*«>• 

B&t  sir-rf'-ZZZZi 

■  - 


^  i  /^/  1  jQsJ Jj—  - 

I  3»y  - - 


Lithium  In  Electrolyte.  Jan.  7.  1908  (Claims) 

The  employment  of  lithium  hydroxide  in  connection  with 

*22  s  s&sss 

sr  G;rSssrSd°tto  siS’dSs  rtts  «s  ~v  * 

will  he  prolonged,  ae  herein  set  forth. 

,fr„  | 


f  r. 

4  _ 


_  ___ . : 







•  y  -■ 

. .  . . — 

_ _ - 



- - - 


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Metallic  Films  or  Flakes.  July  30.  1908 . (Claims) 

1.  Nickel,  oo bait  or  other  insoluble  metallic . films  for  admixture 
with  the  active  material  of  storage  batteries,  having  minutely  roughened 
or  matted  surfaces,  substantially  as  and  for  the  purposes  set  forth. 

3.  The  process  of  treating  insoluble  metallic  films  for  admixture 
with  the  active  material  of  storage  batteries,  which  consists  in  ®ubjeot- 
ing  the  filmB  to  a  surface  oxidation,  and  in  afterwards  reducing  the  oxide 
so  formed  to  the  metallic  state,  substantially  as  and  for  the  purposes 

3.  The  process  of  treating  insoluble  metallic  films  claimed  in 
Claim  3  in  which  hydrogen  in  the  presence  of  heat  is  employed  to  reduoe 
the  oxide  to  the  metallic  state,  substantially  as  set  forth. 

4.  The  prooess  of  treating  insoluble  metallic  films  as  olaimed  in 
Claim  3-  in  combination  with  a  final  process  for  r amoving  any  metallic 
impurity  present  in  the  reduced  surface,  substantially  as  and  for  the 

purposes  set^  *yO0e0a  of  treating  insoluble  metallic  films  as  claimed 
in  Claim  4  in  which  a  dilute  aoid  is  employed  to  remove  the  metallic  im¬ 
purities  present,  substantially  as  and  for  the  purposes  set  forth. 

May  8,  1911. 

Mr.  J.  F.  Monnot, 
31  Hue  Daru, 
Paris,  France. 

Dear  Ferri: 

I  have  your  lettors  of  the  28th,  addressed  to  Mr.  Edison 

and  myself. 

I  discussed  the  matter  thoroughly  with  Mr.  Edison  after 
hifi  having  read  both  letters. 

He  wishes  mo  to  state  that  he  has  not  authorized  anyone 
to  raise  any  money  for  the  exploitation  or  manufacture  of  Mb  Bat¬ 
tery  in  England,  and  that  he  would  not  consider-  suoh  a  proposition 
at  the  present  time. 

He  also  says  ho  will  not  consider  the  manufacture  of  the 
Batteries  in  France  until  the  demand  for  them  in  that  country  war- 
rants  it.  His  experiences  in  enterprises  in  France  have  never  proved 
remunerative.  In  fact,  he  has  lost  a  good  deal  of  money  in  that 
country  dating  hack  to  the  time  of  the  incandescent  lamp.  He  says 
that  if  you  can  build  up  a  business  there  such  os  will  warrant  the 
o obstruct ion° of  a  factory,  he  will  consider  it;  but  he  much  prefers 
for  you  to  go  ahead  on  the  present  basis  and  see  what  you  can  ao. 

As  to  the  submarine:  It  is  his  opinion,  and  mine.  ^t 
the  French  government  will  purchase  batteries  for  submarines  anywhere 
they  can  get  them,  when  it  has  been  thoroughly  demonstrated  to  them 
how  greatly  superior  they  are  to  the  lead  battery.  It  would  be 
matter  of  expediency  on  the  part  of  the  government  to  do  so  in  or¬ 
der  that  they  will  not  drop  behind  in  this  field  of  naval  develop 
ment.  If  they  do  not  do  so,  the  amount  of  business  we_  shall  mi^s 
from  France  would  not  cut  very  much  of  a  figure  as  oll  tha  reBt  of 
the  governments  are  very  eager  to  get  the  batteries,  and  will  tak 
up  the  entire  output  of  this  factory  for  some  time.  If  the  French 
government  wants  a  sample  Battery  installed  in  a  submarine  and  is 
willing  to  pay  for  it,  I  shall  see  that  they  get  a  set.  I  am  quite 
sure  the  result  of  such  a  test  will  open  their  eyes  and  change  the 
aspect  of  affairs  very  much,  as  far  as  the  necessity  of  manufactur¬ 
ing  in  France  is  concerned. 

In  discussing  the  matter  ac  to  whether  the  BatterieB  will 
be  manufactured  in  France  or  not,  you  oan  say  to  the  government  offi 

Mr,  J.  S’.  Moimot . 


May  8,  1911. 

ssag'ts  css 

do  not  wiBh  to  help  the  cause  along  hy  using  the  Batteries  moonwhilo, 
it  oannot  he  helptdd 

So  nlease  say  to  Messrs.  Morgan,  Hodge* & .Co,,  that  when 

z  f s°iA20Jn^?£«s 
r—to  ■*as.5ss«s  i&rru  «*•« 

efforts,  and  to  say  further,  that  he  will  advise 

peots  to  land,  in  order  that  the  arrangements  for  the  automobile, 

eto.,  oan  he  made. 

Yours  sincerely. 

Personal  Representative 
of  Thomas  A.  BdiBon 
in  Haval  Affairs. 


X.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 


New  Jersey,  U.3.A. 

J^mx/ews-  £'■  c. 

May  15th.  1911*' 

My  doar  Sir, 

I  have  not  had  any  correspondence  with  you  regarding 
the  battery  for  many  months.  When  Insull  was  over  here  he 
spoke  very  encouragingly  of  the  results  he  was  obtaining  in 
Chicago  and  sent  me  on  a  series  of  special  reports  which 
clearly  indicated  that  you  had  made  very  substantial  progress. 

Some  friehds  of  mine,  viz.,  Mr.  Edward  Manville, 
who  is  Chairman  of  the  English  Daimler  Company,  which  is  far  and 
away  the  strongest  and  biggest  motor  company  in  Great  Britain, 
and  which  is  in  a  very  strong  position  financially  and  other 
wise,  and  Mr.  Percy  Martin,  the  Managing  Director,  feel  strongly 
that  there  is  a  good  future  for  your  storage  battery  in  thiB 
country,  particularly  in  connection  with  haulage  .work,  and  in 
ejection  with  a  mixed  system,  viz.,  petrol  electric  vehicles. 
This  class  of  vehicle  they  think  will  come  into  general  use 

in  the  hue  traffic. 

A.  Edison,  Esq. 

May  15th  1911* 

X  wrote  you  many  months  ago  that  the  petrol  hus  was 
far  from  being  a  success.  A  new  line  of  vehicles  has,  however, 
superseded  the  old  ones  and  it  is  said  on  good  authority 
that  the  new  vehicles  can  be  worked  and  maintained  under  8d 
per  mile  run.  It  is  claimed  for  the  petrol  electric  vehicle 
which  is‘  a  petrol  engine  driving  a  dynamo  clutch,  which 

mder  c’ertain  conditioi 

j  into  the  storage  battery  and 

during  starting  takes  current  from  the  storage  battery)  that 
this  outfit  is  materially  lighter  than  the  ordinary  petrol 
vehicle  and  can  give  a  much  higher  rate  of  acceleration. 

If  Messrs.  Martin  andManville  take  hold  of  the 
battery  for  this  country,  there  would  be  every  chance  of 
success,  since  they  are  both  practical  engineers  and  thorough 
understand  the  manufacturing  and  automobile  business. 

I  felt  some  reticence  since  it  was  not  apparent  what  form  of 
working  they  would  be  able  to  make. that  would  ensure  the  proper 
manufacturing  and  sale  of  the  battery.  In  the  case  of  the 
Daimler  Company,  I  would  have  no  hesitation  since  they  are 
already  in  the  business  and  know  perfectly  well  what  they  are 
doing.  In  a  recent  conversation,  Mr.  Manville  said  he  thought 
Mr.  Martin  and  he  might  visit  America  with  a  view  to  discussing 

i,  Esq. 

May  15th  1911 - 

the  situation  generally  with  you  and  making  some  working 
arrangement . 

Strangely  enough,  the  man  Stewart,  who  was  one  of 
Dick's  satellites,  represented  to  them  that  he  was  your 
accredited  agent  in  this  country.  I  had  no  particuler  diffic 
in  clearing  up  this  matter,  since  T  have  known  Mr.  Manville 
and  Mr.  Martin  for  the  heat  part  of  twenty  years. 

Certain  friends  of  mine  here  in  Xondon  are  very  h: 
us-'rs  of  commercial  vehicles  and  for  a  concern.  fche 

Daimler  Company  to  put  these  vehicles  on  the  market  T 
there  would  he  every  chance  unsatisfactory  results.  So 
confident  am  X  that  1  am  quite  prepared  to  say  that  I  would 
gi„  as  much  time  as  is  necessary  to  put  the  business  on  the 
best  possible  footing. 

I  believe,  under  our  original  arrangement,  I  was  x 
•be  entitled  to  10*  of  the  profits.  This  arrangement,  howev, 
was  made  so  long  age  that  you  might  wish  to  reconsider  it. 
any  case,  however,  I  think  whatever  deal  you  make  should 
provide  that  I  should  receive  some  substantial  retainer  as 
your  representative  here  in  England,  that  is  to  say,  if  - ou 
■  elect  to  make  a  deal  with  the  Daimler  Company,  either  to 
manufacture  or  sell  and  use  y our  accumulator. 

Trusting  this  will  find  you  well, 

i.lM -: 

^4ncp»~~«/v.  h**  •"'“**«  kaTeir^lA****  ^ 

otolOAtf)  OO^  .trff 

fJU<*V  vak*v&>  tj  .4^  «**£  Ow  ^<=| 

W  u**v*- 

...JjoeiJ&t^v*^. ..air^j^*  ..vvftM/..e^»  «>J»*'*v*<j  <Af* 
V^jcO  ^<fl.WWVWvw^.C|M<d‘  ftHj».^*V**<W»- 
g^Bj^ve.’jC;  <X  «Mi 

SWw-  ^  C^^«✓ 

(/Orfewej. ... 

I  Q-fic^V^--^  ./»■  ’__! 

^'"1  ' 


Sear  Ur. 


Sinoo  you 

MKY  31 

left  here  we  have  cabled  Morgan,  Harj 

&  Co.,  aa  followas 

Ssr»us  sfsJJTR-r. .'»«;«» *»• 

ThDU3and°reenBnowenmloyed  In  making  batter iea  here  and 
behind  in  orderi.  If  intereeted  cable  me.  Bergman 
haa  made  botch  of  it  in  Bermany  and  wants  to  Mil.  Great 
opportunity  to  combine  Trench  and  Berman  rights. 

This  for  your  file. 

Mr.  ThomaB  A.  Edison, 
lakeside  Ave., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

<>*  FYowcsu. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq,., 
Orange,  H.  J. 

JUN3-  1911 

Dear  Sir, 

T/e  are  in  receipt  of  a  cable  from  Messrs.  Morgan,  Harjes  & 
Company,  Paris,  asking  ns  to  advise  them  regarding  the  royalty  of 
sixty  cents  ($0.60),  as  to  whether  it  is  per  battery  or  what.  ^ 

We  shall  be  pleased  to  have  yon  give  us  the  above  information 
so  that  we  may  communicate  same  to  Messrs.  Morgan,  Harjea  &  Company  as 
requested.  Yoiir8  yery  truly> 


,(Tt t/* 

Mu/  MMmuUMT  ■ 

mJ/MaI / 

M*,y  iiM*/  *f1lM  'r^  Y 

if^rlxzw  d  */***?  */f  MnU/ 

cl  un  — 

(v^71»i\cA  ^  rp^a(. 

'  3  cl-tflj!jt  l^oc^rf^  »^xl  dTalalsL. 

■  _  ^^JOAQvJ  ^ 

Edison  , 

..  .•**.  Orange  MJ. 

Responsive'  parties  here  request  me  learn  whether  stevrart  authorized 
by  you  form  syndicate  exploit  your  english  battery  business 

personal  or  financial  interest  in  scheme  cable 

Dear  Hr.EdJ.Bon, 

While  in  Berlin  recently,  Hr.BBrgmann  'infcignjisd  me- 
that  you  expect  to  visit  this  Bide  next  mrafth. 

Hr.Ineull,  who  has  ,juat  called,  confirms  this  and 
adds  that  you  may  mekp  *  motor  tour  of  -Spai-n. 

In  case  this  is  true.,  df-my  knowledge  of  the  lan¬ 
guage  and  country  can  he  of  any  service  to  you-,  1  i&iii  be  glad 
.to  act  aa  your  Courier  without  pay. 

An  old  friend  of  mine,  Hr  .Be  Or.  ge  CaWBtori,  cl  o  Bely 
identified  with  the  Rothschilds  and  the  ^enjian-dBanha  who.  finance 
Bergmann,  has  some  interesting  p rop oeals -regard lng  un  enormous, 
development  in  the  battery  business,  which  he  4ovQA  like  to  put 
before  you.  He  has,  for  years  been  %p '•ardent  admirer  of  your, 
genius  and  achievements,  and  »s~  he  is  almost  forceful  and:  interest¬ 
ing  personality,  one  of  the  men  who  ilfcfajk,  And.  <apt.  lt.^igBt  interest 
you  to  meet  him.  If  you  will  40  so,  -kindly  pdviap  mo  as  above. 

Hr  .Dickson  -*eks  sme  tfl  Asy^at  you  may  command  his 
services  in  any  way  desired-while  you  *re  hero . 

Wishing  you  a  pleasant  yoyw^ .  ?  W. 

Yours  fruly, 

57,  Moorgate  Street, 

LONDON.  Aup;uat  4th. - 191 

-  s  haYe  ljaan  ft8ked  iqr  Mr  .Bergmann  to  submit  to- 
you  some  facto  regarding  an  .advance  which  can  he  made  'in  the  working 
of  your  new  battery,  and  encloee  herewith  a  brief  statement,  which 
it  will  he  worth  your  while  to  peruse. 

Wh6n  in  New  York  last  Winter,  Mr.Beaoh  gave  me 
a  written  undertaking,  confirmed  by  a  subsequent  letter,  in  which 
he  offered  me  batteries  for  a  "London  omnibus  service. 

He  subsequently  gave  me  prices,  conditions  and 
guarantees  on  which  he  would  furnish  said  batteries. 

I  understand,  however,  that  he  either  acted 
without  authority  from  you  .or  is  in  some  way  prevented  from  carrying, 
out  his  undertaking. 

I  should aike  to  show  you  this  correspondence,., 
as  the  matter  has  caused  me  serious  loss  in  reputation  and  pocket. 

We  have  the  money  ready  for  this  work,  and  can- 
do  it  with  the  new  motor  at  leas  coBt  than  anyone  el  Be. 

Bergmann  wishes  to  discuss  the  question  with 
you  before  you  make  any  decision. in  order  to  avoid,  if  possible, 
the  closing  of  his  works. 

8H„T  n« _ (ft). _ D»re... . August . 4th. -.1911 

As  I  am  perfectly  satisfied  that  you  wish^this  matter, 
as^l  others,  to  do  what  is  fair,  I  shall  he  extremely  obliged 
if  you  will  give  me  an  interview,  so  that  you  may  know  what  has 
been  done  here  and  in  Hew  York. 

I  may  say  that  we  are  quite  ready  to  show  you  by 
practical  demonstration  that  the  Xundell  motor  will  save  you  from 
25#. to  50#  in  cost  of  battery  for  any  given  service. 

My  associates  here  are  the  financial  agents  of  the 
Rothschilds,  and  will  provide  any  required  sum  for  the  omnibus 
or  other  business 



I  Thomas  A.  Edison  EBq. 


57,  Moorgate  Street, 

16th.  August  191 1^_ 

S.  Bergmann,  Esq., 

Bergmann  Electrical  Works, 

23/52  Oudenarderst ,  Berlin, 

Dear -air,  ,  . 

,  ... »*.  bi““-  ”Mob  m”411'  ”■*  “* 

hand  to  him,  if  y«“  th4nk  1,681  * 

„  i>.  »u  to  si*,  »  rMi‘  *“  .”1““”  «"  of 

,rtt.w  for  London  o»»i  »>..>•  ».  «U  <Si*«  *“ 

of  t».  n..  Lnnd.ll  ..ton  for  «.»w  —  *>■«*  *  * 
v,uy  ...11  royalty ,  thu.  .n.MinS  you  to  Sr.ntly  r.dno.  tn,  prio.  . 
of  your  vehicles. 

If  you  „.nt  to  ,«U  your  «»*..  «*  I  »op.  thl.  .ill  not  « 
neoeoasry,  1  h„.  .  Poro„..„  — -  -  >»  **  ““ 

in  England. 

We  shall  he  prepared  to  send  you  a  car.  fitted  with  the 
Lund ell  motor,  for  test,  if  any  arrangement  regarding  the  omnibus  or 
other  business  can  be  made  with  Mr.  Edison. 

X  ,.„1  tn.t  „  .«*  in  «t=  dinaotlon  of  *«...!. 
de.erv..  >o»«  f.oosnition.  .nd  that  It  .ill  P™*«  ot  »i*»>tae.  to  Ml 
_  If  I  am  wanted  in  Berlin,  please  wire  as  above,  an 



57,  Moorgate  Street, 

LO N  D 0 N.Jklth.  August —  1 9 1 

Thomas  A.  Edison.  Esq.. 

C/o  S.  Bergmann,  Esq, , 


Dear  Mr.  Edison:- 

When  in  New  York  last  Winter  Mr.  Beaoh  informed  me  that  he 
had  the  sole  right  to  use  your  battery  for  traotion  purposes,  and 
gave  me  written  permission  to  undertake  the  omnibus  business  in 
London,  quoting  prioes  and  naming  full  guarantees. 

Mr.  Bergmann  has  copies  of  the  correspondence  and  will  show 

you  the  same. 

I  have  since  learned  that  you  have  cabled  here  stating  that 

I  had  no  authority  to  do  this  business. 

On  my  return.  X  found  capital  for  introducing  1.000  omni  - 
buses  at  a  cost  of  six  million  dollars,  and  have  suggested  to 
Mr.  Bergmann  that  he  get  permission  from  you  to  furnish  these  batten 
ies.  thus  enabling  him  to  keep  his  works  in  paying  operation. 

At.  the  same  time.  I  have  obtained  control  of  the  new  Lundell  Motor. 
Which  has  been  fully  tested  and  found  to  revolutionise  the  whole 
system  of  battery  working.  The  use  of  this  motor  will  -  ^ 
of  £75.000  per  annum  on  the  operation  of  1.000  omnibuses  even 
nett  gain  in  efficiency  is  only  10*  in  Place  of  the  B5  *  already 


□  Thomas ...  A. . Edi  son  Esq,. ..j 

_16th.  .  Apgu  st  1911 . 

In  this  situation,  is  it  not  possible  for  us  to  some  to 
iome  arrangement  regarding  the  omnibus  or  other  business  which  will 
recoup  myself  and  friends  for  our  heavy  outlay,  and  at  the  same  time 
?lve  you  and  Bergmann  the  use  of  this  new  motor  and  other  improve- 

ments?  ..  ' 

,»  to  fully  demonstrate  the  advantage.  of  ‘hi. 

motor  on  a  oar,  In  Be.  Tor*  or  Berlin,  »•  * 

ment  a.  to  Main...  matter.  If  «  !««>«  «“ 

,o  prove  the  aeonostf.  ..  ...  »  »*■<»  el.atralytio  """• 

„h,oh  1.  «h.  only  apparatua  .Mo.  ™  «  u.ed  »  •  »“  « 

,ta  result.,  a.  It  1.  not  affaoted  hy  or 
ourranta.  a»d  teat.  .!«  motor  “* 

a.  ..11  a.  effioienoy  of  driving  system  and  tyroa. 

The  oomparl  son  of  «o  oar.  of  a«>1  “*  °'"‘T 

the  ....  road.  sho.e  a  ..ring  of  fro.  SB*  to  »  *—  «  “ 
system,  l.r.ap.ctlv.  of  a  further  gain  of  SB*  a.oured  By  ..»« 

less  battery. 

Surely  thl.  la  forth  *11.  Investigating. 

Ur.  Bsaeh'a  u.ror  ha.  o.uaod  me  Infinite  trouhl.  leas. 

!  .ent  t.  hi.  •*  W"  «— *•  *»  *“  ^ 

“  have  never  yet  Mu.n  yo.  t.  do  an  dn,u.tda.  to  anym... 


n  T0 . Thomas  ...  A, . Edi  son  Esq, , 

.D*  August  1911 . 

way,  in  some  department  of  the  battery  business,  whereby  X  oan  get 
out ’square  and  satisfy  my  friends  that  I  aocepted  Beach's  offer  in 
good  faith.  And  such  a  business  way  will  undoubtedly  pay  you 
better  than  it  will  me,  as  my  people  here  can  command  business 

which  cannot  be  had  by  anyone  else. 

jf  you  want  to  see  me  in  Berlin,  I  shall  be  glad  to  come 

there.  If  not,  1  shall  be  glad  to  provide  a  car  for  test  if  you 
will  say  what  we  may  expect  regarding  the  omnibus  or  other  business 
if  I  show  you  something  valuable. 

X  remain. 

Yours  t ruly , 

57,  Moorgate  Street, 

.  GON I  N  St  C9, 

Boar  Ur. Edison, 

gome  friends  of  Mine  in  the  last  wish  mo  to  ask  you 
if  you  are  open  to  dispose  of  your  oinephonograph  rights  in  the 
Butoh  East  Indies  and  Straits-  Settlements.  They  can  provide 
any  required  capital  and  are  thoroughly  familiar  with  the  country. 

It  would  ho  a  groat  favour  to  me  if  you  could  grant 
this  concession,  «d  advise  me  with  whom  arrangement,  can  he  made. 

Tours  sinoerely, 


The  “‘anaging  Director, 

Peerless  Rubber  Selling  Co  ltd. 

51-3  Elisabeth  Street.  ' • '  .  V 

Sydney  . 

Dear  Sir  •  t#  th.  option  which  I  abandoned  and! returne/d 

t.  »  «  —  *  ~"‘ 

,.  It  «y  .W»tt«  ....  —M"*  •  -  1 

t.  attain  th.  .Mtttl  .<■  "«|1 

Tra.  and  other  Coro,  to  t.or.rat.d  ty  th.  *dl..n  dtor«,^^-. 

I  ten  approached  .  •*  *  *“  'Kg'* 

„.t  ,1th  th.  ..oertton  that  th.  St.rag. 

.  „™.r.l.l  ........  »d  th.t  tti.  totally  unr.H.M.  Wl». 

purpose  Intended,  .nd  further  I  »  «»•»  “  »nd.r.«»d 
1.  an  Independent  Storage  »att.ry  .r  —  ■ 

.h.rtly  coming  out.  .nd  t.  t.put  on  th.  ..rt.t,  ;  ; 

On  Inquiry  I  find  that  .u.h  report.  har.  d.uttl...  eg! 
a  certain  Mm.  ah»  1  1 

teen  «peri».ntln«  a.  ...el.n.hth  -1th  thl.,  anf; 

».  ....thin,  r  adlc.l ly  .r.r.  «  thl.  Mr.  »uld  not  t* 

.1.1.,  ..rapping  «»  M‘“»  “•Ue°r  •**" 

th.  ««W  «r  ....thing  far  W»‘“  *•  “"’'“Jj 

Regretting  that  after  ffche 
tbi  cream  of  the  Capital  are liable 
I  wae  compel 1  ed  t^ow  up  V 

I  T«l»ihoai  MS4 


Coitomt,  Forwarding,  SUpplnd* 



•®e'ar  ’Mr-.  Wo  nuke , 

.  ^  1  have  been  very  much  interested  in  the 

•$}f^y<^i?^and  understood  from  you^  that  it  waB  perfect 
and  'irr  every  way'  a  success.  1  am  very  much  surprised 
to  learn  Wi thin  a  day  or  so. that  a  certain  firm  in 
’  Sydney,  who  from  their  experience  in  such  matters 
should  know  what  they  are  talking  about,  claim  to 
ljave  tested  this  Battery,  and  have  found  it  to  he 
an  utter  failure,  and  are  now  discarding  its  further 
UBe  in  favour  of  a  recently  perfected  English  dr 
German  Battery. 

Being,  as  yon  know,  interested  as  forwarding 
Agents  in  the -best  and  most  economical  form  of  -.rentier 
we  will  he  pleased  to  have  youT  advice  as  to  whether 
there  is  ahy  truth  in  these  statements  which  are  now 
being  put  about  Sydney.  Is  the  S.  B.  a  failur-,  and 
is.  there  anything  now  coming  on  the  market  which  ie 
better  than  it, 

Awaiting  your  reply. 

!  -  yours  fai^h^ 

The  States  Import  and  Export  Company,  Ltd. 

Indent,  Commission  &  Manufacturers’  Agents. 

Exporter*  of  Colo.tal  Produco. 



HUU . 0. . 

T.  J.  Honoka  Xsq., 

Managing  Director,  . 

Peerless  Rutter  Selling  Co.  of  Australasia, 

51-53  Hizateth  Street, 


Sear  Sir, 

Are  you  aware  that  a  Jim  in  Sydney  has  teen  rep resenting 
themselves  ae  teing  the  exclusive  Agente  in  Auatralia  for 
Hie  Ml  eon  Storage  Battery. 

They  averted  a  nunter  of  these  Batteries  and  found  few 
ueelese,  and  thqy  oan  now  teen  seen  lying  on  the  Scrap  Heap  at 
Marriokville,-  aa  a  consequence  they  have  given  up  the  Agency, - 
we  te  glad  to  hear  from  you  on  the  subject. 

Tours  faithfully, 

Tffg  ST  AT  as  IMPORT  A  BPORT  00.  MQu 


4th  Oc  totier  1911  • 

T.  J.  Moncks  Esquire. 

Dear  Sir, 

With  reference  to  the  Edison  Storage  Battery  I  desire  to 
inform  you  that  all  the  prominent  Electrical  Experts'  in  this  city 
unhesitatingly  pronounce  it  as  a  failure.  One  leading  Electrical 
Expert  stated  that  it  wan  low  in  power  and  efficiency,  short  lived 
and  not  a  Commercial  success  and  in  his  opinion  never  would  he. 

The  Tudor  Company  his  I'  understand  also  reported  unfavourably  of  it. 
In  view  of  these  reports  together  with  the  prejudice 

against  the  Battery  you  are  to  be  .sympathised  with  in  your  efforts 
to  place  it  on  the  Australian  market. 

The  States  Import  and  Export  Company,  Ltd. 

indent,  Commission  &  Manufacturers’  agents. 

BxporUr.  of  Colonist  Produce. 



1116  ^^PMrlt^Itabfcer  Selling  Co.  of  Australasia  Ltd., 

51-53  Elisabeth  8treat, 


Sear  Sir, 

In  further  reply  to  yours  of  the  20th  September  calling 
attention  to  the  formation  of  the  federal  Storage  Battery  Oar 
Co.  of  Australia  to  deal  In  Beach  Cars,  operated  by  the  Edison 
Storage  Battery,  and  in  addition  to  our  reply  thereto  under 
date  of  the  28th  September  we  now  beg  to  atate:- 

*•  hare  been  aa  already  advised  vary  much  interested  in 
t ha  Idison  Storage  Battery,  but  are  compelled  to  return  your 
Application  Tom  blank,  for  the  reaaon  we  have  been  credibly  ad 
vieed  by  a  concern  in  this  City  who  had  been  experimenting 
with  the  Edison  Battery  for  over  one  year,  that  these  batterle 
have  proved  an  utter  failure,  and  for  that  reason  discarded 

their  uee. 

Ve  take  this  opportunity  of  expressing  surprise,  that  a 
of  your  standing  in  this  City  should  attend  to  induce  u.  to 
invest  money  in  a  concern  condemned  by  men  who  have  tried  it, 
or  to  find  you  pressing  a  Company  which  we  are  advised  is 
palpably  fraudlsnt. 

Regretting  to  be  compelled  to  write  in  this  tenor  but 

Dear  Sir, 



«,  Ond.r1.nd  th.t  Work.  .r.  .boat  to  b.  .rsat.d  la  thi.  ooaatr, 
for  th.  manufBCturo  of  Motor  Bottorl.o,  Hob  you  re¬ 
cently  perfected.  Wo  venture  to  to  yea  hororith,  pH  »d  por- 
ticolors  of  too  above  tet.t.  »d  Wb.rf,  «.  •  "d  »t.  for  tho 

erection  of  works  of  this  character. 

The  Wharf  is  about  four  miles  from  the  entrance,  to  the  Manchester 
Ship  Canal,  and  there  are  no  bridge,  or  locks  to  negotiate  on  the  way  up. 

Ships  can  approach  and  lay  alongside  at  all  states  of  the  tide,  and 
materials  can  be  discharged  directly  into  Works  on  the  adjoining  land,  and 
afterwards  despatched  either  by  rail  or  canal  to  various  points  in  the  interior. 

The  transit  facilities  are  exceptionally  good,  as  in  addition  to  the 
Manchester  Ship  Canal,  the  Shropshire  lion  Canal  goes  throng*  the  land,  and  a 
private  railway  siding  connects  directly  with  tha  l-  «.  S.  6  G.  W.  systems. 

Mo.  th.  Ob...  ,0.  *1  ...  the.  th.  0.1  or  handling 
be  reduced  to  a  minimum,  and  in  addition  there  are  agreements/with  the 


October.  11th.  1911. 

Manchester  Ship  Canal  Co.,  which  insure  special  rates  on  goods  imported 
over  the  Tlharf  to  be  manufactured  or  treated  on  the  adjoining  land. 

If  you  are  interested  in  the  site  we  would  be  very  glad 
to  arrange  for  an  inspection  any  time  to  suit  your  convenience,  and  in 
the  meantime  on  hearing  from  you  we  shall  be  happy  to  furnish  you  with  any 
further  particulars. 

Tfe  are,  Dear  Sirs, 

lours  respectfully, 



t  y  V'  SEVILLE  ON 

...  ... ..M-  —  •  *  ■—  “  «&%»-  “  *“ 

— — . ..  — i  iff- — -  *“"* ,i-  "i““  ,s;r 

-..or,  ...  *  «*.—  -  — —  *•  l“-  ““  u  y. 

there  le  no  doubt  that  the  i-proosion  .nude  upon  ue.  when  we  hoar  ^0U“'  ^ 

h..  .««•«-  «>»  -»‘W”  ““ 

„  «.  -*  ■«  — -  “tr1  : 

...... ^  — » — -  — -  -  -  -Trr:;r:r 

„  ^  .  -u  w.  .f  —  —  -  S-  “f-  ~  ^ 

u .....  -  — . » *•  “  ■— -  ■  "ia“  ^  -  t.: 

by  ~  -  -U  — -  •*  -  • 

Sil.„  (.he  i.  «-  — «♦  — ”  »  •—  “  tM* 

‘"'“L  J  *  ...  ...»  U  .«  >•“'  ■1“  *“*  “ 

. .... ..  ■*» “7  “• 

MMlUdU  •  1  -*  S”‘  “  ‘ 

bettery  «  *»  ->  -  -  “  *  —  ^ 

::: .  i, . «. — — • — -  -  -*  -  m. 

.. ..... .. — •.•••  -  - -  v*  ■  ““  ” ;  u. 

...  ...... -  -ue — ... .  «  "*  •  ;  7"‘ 

other  of  «  «—  —  -T  .*!“ ' 

.1  cm  going  to  explain  these  pointo  to  you  by  following  atop  by  atop  a  very 
interesting  work  read  £  the  African  enginper  Beach,  at  the  22nd  acting  (annual) 
of  the  etreet  railway  association  of  the  State  of  New  York. 

It  is  a  matter  of  elementary  knowledge  that  the  metal,  iron,  tende  to 
combine  with  oxygen,  that  is  to  say,  to  become  oxidised;  any  piece  of  iron 
that  is  unprotected  from  the  contact  with  the  air  becomes  mildewed,  or  oxidised. 

The  combination  of  iron  with  oxygen  is  celled  oxide  of  iron.  Very  well;  this 
combination  may  be  decode sed;  the  oxygen  may  be  extracted  from  the  oxidised  iron,  bu 
tat  for  the  attainment  of  that  end  energy  must  be  expended.  Conversely,  when 
oxygen  is  combined  with  the  iron,  energy  is  released.  energy  ray  be  manifested 

in  the  form  of  heat  or  of  electricity;  eoloric  or  electric  energy. 

*e  almost  all  of  us  pass  through  life  without  paying  wry  attention  to  such 
matters.  Thors  are  many  who  do  not  know  that  the  oxidation  of  the  blade  of  a  knife 
produces  heat  or  electricity;  yet  it  is  none  the  less  a  fact  that  knowledge  of 
how  to  direct  an*  control  thio  oxidation  and  to  take  advantage  of  the  onergy 
produced  is  the  fundamental  feature  of  the  *dieon  Storage  Battery.  In  the  first 
pl„oa,  the  Edison  storage  battery  has.  as  a  eecondary  cell,  positive  and  negative 
plates  that  are  submerged  in  a  liquid  that  ie  celled  an  electrolyte.  The  negative 
is  formed  by  perforate* 

iron,  finely  pulverised,  the  said  plate,  being  grouped^fa^pleme, plate.  Near  hie 
end  in  front  thereof,  there  is  another  plate,  called  the  poeitive  plate,  which 
i.  composed  of  various  perforated  eteol  tubes,  nickeil.d,  which  contain  oxids  of 

Niokol  offers  the  peculiar  feature  that  even  after  having  formed  a  combination 
with  Oxygen,  that  ie  to  any,  after  it  has  become  oxidised,  it  tends  to  absorb  more 
oxygen,  or  to  become  over  oxidised-  These  two  plates,  one  with  the  receivers  full 
of  oxide  of  iron  and  the  other,  with  its  tubes  full  of  oxide  of  niok.l  are  placed 
in  a  receptacle  of  niekelled  steel,  but  at  the  sane  time,  insulated  the  one  from 
the  other.  They  are  submerged  in  *,tor.  Thie  water  contains  in  eolation  fluid 
potash,  to  increase  ite  conductivity  or  its  ability  to  transmit  electricity. 

The  eseential  parte  of  the  Edison  Storage  battery,  then,  are  the  oxide  of 
iron  plate,  tnd  the  oxide  of  niekel  plate,  and  water. 

It  is  a  storage  battery  of  ft  kind  that  is  somewhat  analog! cel  to 
the  older  storage  batteries  but  whieh  is  in  no'  way  on  a  pnr  with  them.  The  combine, 
tions  of  lrdn  and  nickel  with  water  are  not  destructive  in  their  character 
nor  are  they  destroyed  by  the  movement  hither  and  thither  of  the  oxygen,  and 
this  is  the  peculiar  feature  of  the  *dieon  storage  battery;  it  is  stable. 

The  stability  of  both  the  oxides  and  their  resistance  to  atomical  changes 

or  to  those  of  a  chemical  nature,  which  appenrod  to  have  a  tendency  to  ruin  them,  la 

very  noteworthy.  Ho  action  that  in  known  will  disturb  them  or  break  them  up. 

Said  otability,  naturally,  implies  duration  and  resist enco,  which  were  unknown 
qualities  in  previous  storage  batteries.  The  battery  does  not  deteriorate  with 
use.  It  only  is  subject  to  damage  through  neglect  in  using.  We  do  not  wish 
to  dwell  on  ite  practical  application  for  coftohes,  trams,  trains  and  electrical 
tramways  nor  of  the  •coeowy  it  affords,  which  is  a  final  consideration  in 
everything  of  an  industrial  nature,  for  thia  article,  whioh  is  slrsady  somowhat  leng 
-thy,  would  than  aoeums  dimensions  of  an  unjustifiabls  character  and  It  would  perhap 
appear  that  I  wished  to  taka  refuge  in  detail*  which  mere  properly  belong  to 
ite  scientific  exploitation . 

Moreover,  we  bolieve  that  all  prnise  that  may  be  given  it,  is  weak 
when  anything  bearing  Ur.  Edison’s  signature  is  in  question,  especially  when 
the  inventor  says  to  whomsoever  may  wish  to  hear  it  ,  that  he  has  worked  nine 
yeare  in  obtaining  thia  ,  the  goal  that  he  had  fixed  upon.  Mine  years  of  the  life 
of  $41  son  devoted  an  electrical  storage  battery,  to  whieh  we  may  add  the  assertion 
of  the  inventor  himself,  that  this  invention  is  the  one  of  oll-ethwww  that  he  ie 
most  proud  of. 


Ilovember  6,  1911. 

Mr.  Paul  H.  Cromclln, 

Edison  Manufacturing  0°.,  ltd.  • 

Willesden  Junction,  London. 

Mr.  Edison  has  made  an  arrangement  with  Mr. 
j.  *.  Honnot,  O/o  Klaxon  Co.,  ltd.,  Eue  Daru  31,  Paris,  nnder 
which  he  is  to  undortake  to  develop  the  field  for  the  Edison 
battery  in  England  and  Prance.  She  arrangement  is  such  that 
we  can  terminate  it  at  any  time,  if  there  is  reason  to  believe 
that  Mr.  Ilonnot  is  not  making  reasonable  efforts  to  develop 
the  business  to  the  extent  that  the  territory  warrants,  and 
Mr.  Monnot  fully  understands  that  the  continuance  of  the 
arrangement  is  dependent  upon  his  making  good. 

Under  the  proposed  plan  we  will  arrange  to  keep  a 
stock  of  from  300  to  400  cells  of  various  types  in  England,  in 
some  Place  to  be  agreed  upon  (preferably  at  Willesden) ,  where 
we  can  secure  curreng  and  from  which  shipments  can  be  made 
for  the  English  market.  Mr.  Monnot  will  also  select  a  place 
in  Paris  in  which  another  stock  of  batteries  will  be  kept, 
these  latter  being  consigned  to  him,  and  as  sales  from  this 
stock  are  made  you  will  be  advised  thereof  by  Mr.  Monnot,  who 
will  remit  for  the  same.  The  precise  stocks  at  Willesden 
and  Paris  will  largely  depend  upon  the  size  of  the  business 
Mr.  Monnot  may  develop,  but  we  wish  to  keep  these  stocks  as 
low  as  possible  consistent  with  safety. 

Wo  will  send  over  from  here  one  of  our  battery  men, 
who  will  divide  his  time  between  London  and  Paris  and  who 

Mr.  Paul  H.  Cromelin-  2. 

will  fill  them  properly  with  electrolyte,  "form"  them  and 
oversee  the  matter  of  their  packing  for  delivery. When  hattories 
are  installed  directly  in  trucks  or  for  other  purposes,  the 
■battery  man  can  prohahly  also  oversee  this  this  work  to  a 
large  extent  to  he  sure  that  it  is  done  properly. 

By  forming  the  batteries  in  England  and  Prance 
in  this  way  we  save  one  of  our  most  valuable  patents,  cover¬ 
ing  the  use  of  lithia  in  the  electrolyte,  which  latter  will 
bo  shipped  from  Orange. 

When  the  stock  at  Wills sden  Has  been  depleted  to 
an  agreed  point,  additional  batteries  to  make  up  the  deficiency 
will  be  shipped  on  cable  order,  and  to  facilitate  this  latter 
arrangement  a  simple  code  should  be  arranged  between  Mr. 

Stevens  and  yourself. I  have  requested  Mr.  Stevens  to  prepare 
such  a  code  and  to  also  advise  Mr.  Monnot  thereof  so  that  ho 
can  use  the  some  code  in  ordering  batterieB  to  replenish  the 
Paris  stock.  The  battery  man  in  his  travels  to  Paris  can 
keep  you  informed  as  to  the  condition  of  the  Paris  stock. 

The  batteries  for  Willosden  will  be  billed  to  you 
at  list,  less  20$,  f.o.b.  London.  They  are  to  be  billed  by 
you  to  Mr.  Monnot  at  list  less  20#  f.o.b.  London.  To  this 
price  should  be  added  Hr.  Edison's  royalty  in  equivalents  of 
American  money  as  follows: 

B-2  10/5  per  cell 

B-4  •  ’  20/5  " 

A-4  40/5 

A- 6  60/5  " 

A- 8  ^  80)5 

A- 10  §1.00  " 

A- 12  1.20  "• 

In  other  words,  for  batteries  delivered  in  London 

Mr.  Paul  H.  Cromelin-  3. 

for  tlie  British  market  Mr.  Honnot  pays  the  cost  to  you  plus 
Mr.  Edison’s  royalty,  and  freight  from  London. 

In  the  case  of 'batteries  shipped  to  Paris,  these 
v,in  he.  as  stated,  consigned  to  Iir.  Monnot  at  list,  less 
20$,  f.o.b.  Paris,  plus  Mr.  Edison's  royalty  as  above.  On 
these  batteries  he  will  pay  any  cartage  hirnself  in  Paris, 

including  the  French  duty. 

As  batteries  are  sold  by  him  from  the  Paris  stock 
he  will  advise  you  of  this  fact  and  remit  to  you  at  list, 
less  2055,  plus  royalty  as  above. 

V/o  assume  as  our  share  of  the  expense  in  connec¬ 
tion  with  the  arrangement  the  salary  and  expenses  of  a  battery 
man,  our  proportion  of  rent  at  Y/illesden,  transportation  to 
London  and  Paris  and  cost  of  current  used  in  forming  and 
charging  the  cells.  If  there  are  any  other  expenses,  such 
as  any  slight  charge  for  book-keeping,  stationery,  postago, 
etc.,  these  should  be  included  and  absorbed  by  the  charge  to 
Mr.  Monnot  under  any  arrangement  that  you  and  he  may  mutu¬ 
ally  agree  upon.  The. only  burden  placed  upon  you  is  to  see 
that  the  batteries  are  paid  for  by  Mr.  Monnot  bn  terms  not 
longer  than  10  days. 

Mr.  Edison  proposes  that  Mr.  Honnot  shall  have  a 
free  hand  to  work  up  the  market  and  see  what  he  can  do ,  bo 
that  of  course  you  will  refer  any  inquiries  to  him. 

From  the  brief  acquaintance  Hr.  Edison  has  had 
with  Hr.  Monnot  he  thinks  very  well  of  his  ability  and  energy 
and  ho  hopes  with  your  cooperation  that  the  arrangement  may 

be  made  a  success. 

Mr.  Paul  H.  Cromolin-  4. 

I  have  given  a  copy  of  this  letter  to  Mr.  Monnot 
in  order  that  there  may  he  no  misunderstanding  as  to  the 
arrangement  and  he  will  call  upon  you  shortly  so  that  the 
dotails  may  he  worked  out  between  you. 

With  host  wishes,  heliove  me. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Prank  I.  Dyer, 




/^M  (W  9-  jo,, 

;o-day'a  conversation  with 

1  JK  ve^^pleaarfa  to  note  that  you  are  giving 
me  the  so J^epr^entation  of  the  Edison  Storage 
Battery  and  itdflldaptions  for  the  whole  of  Cuba 
and  the  islg|$i  of^eylon. 

As  Ceylon  is  a  part  of  British  India,  and 
most  of  the  importations  for  India  are  going  via 
Ceylon,  I  would  be  very  pleased  if  you  could  also 
grant  me  the  sole  control  for  the  above  articles 
also  for  the  whole  of  British  India. 

It  is  well  understood  that,  providing  I 
can  show  good  resulits  in  the  course  of  one  year 
beginning  January  1st  1913,  no  alterations  regard¬ 
ing  the  sole  control  can  be  made. 

'  I  am  now  awaiting  all  the  necessary  liter¬ 
ature  and  informations  of  which  you  spoke  to  me  this 
morning,  and  as  soon  as  I  get  to  the  bottom  of  this 
proposition  I  will  be  pleased  to  give  you  a  trial  order 
I  intend  to  send  an  assortment  of  goods  improved  by 
your  invention  to  my  representatives.  I  will  have 

.Thomaa  A.  Edison,  Esq. 

Nov.  9th' 11) 

the  machines  thoroughly  demonstrated  and  there  is  no 
doubt  that  after  the  people  see  what  they  can  accomplish 
we  will  see  the  result  by  getting  important  orders. 

I  want  to  go  into  this  thoroughly  and  want 
to  do  it  right.  X  am  awaiting  your  good  news  as  soon 
as  possible,  and  I  assure  you  of  my  very  best  interest 



Hov.  10th,  1911 

Mr.  H.  W.  Balk, 

235  West  Street, 

Hew  York  City. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Your  favor  of  the  9th  instant  is  received.  In 
reply  let  me  say  that  I  wouia  not  oare  to  enlarge  the  area 
of  operations  until  the  results  from  present  territory  were 
proved  to  he  good.  1  think  that  Cuba  alone  would  require 
the  entire  attention  of  one  local  conoern. 

The  literature  I  spoke  of  iB  being  prepared, 
and  I  shall  send  it  you  as  fast  as  we  get  it  out. 

Yours  very  truly,  * 

(P.  J5 ,  Ijfi-H. 



eu|  vf. 

«-«*.  (■  3 

e  ■  n-rf 

A-0  J 

£t*u-£-}  hr*# 

tyiiU-y'  > 

Ceylon.  I  further  note  that  you  allow  me  to  sell 
to  other  parts  of  British  India  without  any  restrictions 
on  your  part. 

Now  that  we  have  this  perfectly  clear,  I  beg 
to  announce  to  you  that  I  have  secured  the  services 
of  a  first  class  mechanic  who  is  familiar  with  the 
Spanish'  language.  I  am  making  arrangements  to  send 
said  Gentleman  to  Cuba  well  fitted  out  with  a  good 
stock  of  your  inventions,  so  that  same  can  be  pro¬ 
perly  demonstrated. 

Regarding  Ceylon,  I  beg  to  say  that  I  am  in 
daily  cable  communication  with  that  place  as  I  have 
a  first  class  account  over  there.  My  Ceylon  man  is 
the  owner  of  several  plantations,  and  is  a  very  prom¬ 
inent  man  on  the  Island.  I,  of  course,  do  not  know 

(page  3  ....  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.  Nov/ll/ll) 

how  far  his  knowledge  goee  regarding  mechanics,  but, 
he  will  no  doubt  find  the  right  man  and  make  this  o< 

department  a  success. 

After  receipt  of  the  necessary  literature 
and  full  informations,  I  will  make  up  an  order  for 
which  I  will  pay  you  cash.  These  goods  I  will  send 
partly  to  Cuba,  and  partly  to  Ceylon.  At  the  same  time 
I  will  take  the  liberty  to  send  my  man  for  Cuba  to 
your  Laboratory  and  have  the  necessary  points  explained, 
you  see  the  interest  I  am  taking  in  this 


Hoy.  14th,  1911 

Mr.  H.  W.  Balk, 

23 5  West  St., 

Hew  York  City. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Your  favor  of  the  11th  inst.  is  received. 

In  order  to  avpid  misunderstanding  let  me  ropeat  the  arrange¬ 
ment  outlined  at  our  interview,  whioh  was  that  I  would  set 
aside  the  Islands  of  Cuba  and  Coylon  and  hold  them  to  you 
as  exclusive  territory  so  long  as  you  do  sufficient  business 
therein  to  satisfy  me.  In  addition  to  this  I  will  allow  y>u 
to  sell  in  other  parts  of  British  India  as  long  as  they  have 
not  been  assigned  by  me  to  other  parties  as  selling  territory. 

The  preparation  of  the  printed  matter  is  pro¬ 
gressing.  I  expeot  to  have  it  ready  shortly  and  will  send 
it  to  you.  When  all  is  ready  I  will  arrange  with  you  to  have 
your  man  oome  out  to  the  Storage  Battery  Works .where  he  can 
stay  until  he  is  thoroughly  familiar  with  the  battery?  dynamo 
and  engine. 

Yours  very,  truly. 

,  &jy 

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